Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 65
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319898571, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013600

RESUMO

AIMS: Dyslipidaemia is a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor with prognostic implications. Current strategies for lipid management in young adults are largely based on expert recommendations. We investigated the risks of death and cardiovascular disease in relation to each lipid component to establish evidence for primary prevention in young adults. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based cohort study, we analysed 5,688,055 statin-naïve subjects, aged 20-39 years, undergoing general health check-ups between 2009 and 2014. The endpoint was a composite of clinical events including death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke. We compared the incidence and risk of clinical events according to each lipid variable. RESULTS: During follow-up (median 7.1 years), clinical events occurred in 30,330 subjects (0.53%): 16,262 deaths (0.29%), 8578 MIs (0.15%), and 5967 strokes (0.10%). The risk of clinical events gradually increased with increasing total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides and decreasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), largely driven by MI. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) had a J-shaped association with clinical events, showing the lowest risk for LDL-C of 84-101 mg/dL. Among lipid variables, triglycerides remained the sole independent predictor (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.20; p < 0.001) after adjusting for conventional risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: For statin-naïve young adults, the risk of clinical events was proportional to lipid levels, positively with TC and triglycerides, negatively with HDL-C, and J-shaped with LDL-C. Triglycerides had an independent and the strongest association with the clinical events. Screening and intervention for abnormal lipid levels, particularly triglycerides, from an early age might be of clinical value.

2.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e031608, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Impact of sex and myocardial function on the obesity paradox in heart failure (HF) is unknown. We explored whether sex, myocardial function, and left ventricular (LV) geometry explains the protective association of body mass index (BMI) with mortality, and investigated whether metabolic health status affects this association. DESIGN: A multicentre cohort study with patients with acute HF admitted from January 2009 to December 2016 with a median follow-up of 33.7 months. SETTING: Three tertiary hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2021 overweight-to-obese (OW) and 1543 normal-weight (NW) patients with acute HF. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Patients were categorised as either OW (BMI≥23kg/m2) or NW (BMI<23kg/m2). BMI was used as both categorical and continuous variables. Clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic measures, including LV global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS), LV-ejection fraction, LV geometry, were obtained. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 1392 patients died (685 OW and 707 NW). BMI was significantly associated with mortality in univariate (HR=0.929 per kg/m2, p<0.001) and multivariate analyses (HR=0.954 per kg/m2, p<0.001). In multivariable fractional polynomials, higher BMIs were associated with lower mortality overall and in subgroups by sex, LV-GLS and LV geometry, with a steeper association in men (p-interaction <0.001). In women, there were significant interactions of BMI with LV-GLS (p-interaction=0.044) and age (p-interaction=0.040) for mortality; the protective association of BMI with mortality was confined to subgroups with high LV-GLS (>10.1%) or elderly patients (≥75 years). In men, this association was found in all subgroups without significant interaction. Metabolically healthy obese patients had better survival than metabolically unhealthy obese patients (log-rank p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In women, a significant interaction was observed between BMI and age or LV-GLS in association with mortality, suggesting that sex, ageing and myocardial dysfunction can affect the magnitude of the obesity paradox in HF. Metabolic health status provides prognostic information beyond obesity status. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT03513653 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03513653).

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031588

RESUMO

AIMS: Left atrial (LA) dysfunction can be associated with left ventricular (LV) disorders; however, its clinical significance has not been well-studied in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). We evaluated prognostic power of peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) of the left atrium according to heart failure (HF) phenotypes and atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: From an AHF registry with 4312 patients, we analysed PALS in 3818 patients. Patients were categorized into PALS tertiles. We also divided the patients according to HF phenotypes [HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF), or HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)] and presence of AF. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and HF hospitalization. PALS was weakly but significantly correlated with LA volume index (r = -0.310, P < 0.001), E/e' (r = -0.245, P < 0.001), and LV ejection fraction (r = 0.371, P < 0.001). A total of 2016 patients (52.8%) experienced adverse clinical events during median follow-up duration of 30.6 months (interquartile ranges 11.6-54.4 months). In the multivariate analysis, PALS was a significant predictor of events [hazard ratio (HR) 0.984, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.971-0.996; P = 0.012]. Patients with the lowest tertile (HR 1.576, 95% CI 1.219-2.038; P < 0.001) had a higher number of events than those with the highest tertile in the multivariate analysis. In the subgroup analysis, however, PALS was not a prognosticator (HR 0.987, 95% CI 0.974-1.000; P = 0.056) in AF patients. The prognostic power of PALS was not different between HFrEF (HR 0.977, 95% CI 0.969-0.974; P < 0.001), HFmrEF (HR 0.984, 95% CI 0.972-0.996; P = 0.008), and HFpEF (HR 0.980, 95% CI 0.973-0.987; P < 0.001, P for interaction = 0.433). CONCLUSION: PALS was a significant prognostic marker in AHF patients. The prognostic power was similar regardless of HF phenotypes, but PALS was not associated with clinical events in AF patients.

4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(4): 380-390, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether the noninvasive evaluation of the degree of amyloid deposition in the myocardium can predict the prognosis of patients with light chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that 11C-Pittsburgh B compound positron emission tomography (11C-PiB PET) is useful for prognostication of AL cardiac amyloidosis by noninvasively imaging the myocardial AL amyloid deposition. METHODS: This study consecutively enrolled 41 chemotherapy-naïve AL cardiac amyloidosis patients. The amyloid deposit was quantitatively assessed with amyloid P immunohistochemistry in endomyocardial biopsy specimens and was compared with the degree of myocardial 11C-PiB uptake on PET. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, heart transplantation, and acute decompensated heart failure. RESULTS: The degree of myocardial 11C-PiB PET uptake was significantly higher in the cardiac amyloidosis patients compared with normal subjects and correlated well with the degree of amyloid deposit on histology (R2 = 0.343, p < 0.001). During follow-up (median: 423 days, interquartile range: 93 to 1,222 days), 24 patients experienced the primary endpoint. When the cardiac amyloidosis patients were divided into tertiles by the degree of myocardial 11C-PiB PET uptake, patients with the highest PiB uptake experienced the worst clinical event-free survival (log-rank p = 0.014). The degree of myocardial PiB PET uptake was a significant predictor of clinical outcome on multivariate Cox regression analysis (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.185; 95% confidence interval: 1.054 to 1.332; p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: These proof-of-concept results show that noninvasive evaluation of myocardial amyloid load by 11C-PiB PET reflects the degree of amyloid deposit and is an independent predictor of clinical outcome in AL cardiac amyloidosis patients.

5.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227012, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929538

RESUMO

Temporal trends of the prevalence and incidence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have not been well established in Asian populations. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Services database, we identified patients with a confirmed diagnosis of HCM between 2010 and 2016. The annual prevalence and incidence of HCM, and their clinical characteristics were investigated. The prevalence of HCM has increased from 0.016% (n = 6313) in 2010 to 0.031% (n = 13,035) in 2016. During a 7-year period, 13,229 patients were newly diagnosed with HCM. The incidence rate increased from 4.15 (per 100,000 person-years) in 2010 to 5.6 in 2016. The prevalence and incidence of HCM increased with age and peaked during the 70s, with male predominance in all age groups. Chest pain is the most frequent clinical presentation followed by shortness of breath and syncope. Hypertension and dyslipidemia were the two most common comorbidities. Heart failure and atrial fibrillation was diagnosed in about 1/3 and 1/4 of patients with HCM, respectively. The prevalence and incidence of HCM gradually increased from 2010 to 2016, possibly due to heightened recognition of the disease. Given the progressively high incidence of HCM with age and high prevalence of coexisting modifiable risk factors, continued efforts are required to increase awareness regarding HCM-related symptoms and potential complications.

6.
Circ Res ; 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978313

RESUMO

Rationale: In young adults, the role of mildly abnormal lipid levels and lipid variability in the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVDs) remains uncertain. Objective: To investigate the association of these abnormalities in lipid profiles with the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in young population. Methods and Results: From the Korean National Health Insurance Service, a nationwide population-based cohort of 1,934,324 'statin-naive' adults aged 20-39 years, with {greater than or equal to}3 lipid profile measurements and without a history of MI and stroke, were followed-up until the date of MI or stroke, or December 31, 2017. The primary measure of lipid variability was variability independent of the mean. Higher baseline total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were significantly associated with increased MI risk; respective adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing the highest vs. lowest quartiles were 1.35 (1.20-1.53) for TC, 1.41 (1.25-1.60) for LDL-C, 1.28 (1.11-1.47) for triglycerides, and 0.82 (0.72-0.94) for HDL-C. Adjusted analyses for deciles of lipid profiles showed that MI risk was significantly elevated among participants with TC {greater than or equal to}223.4mg/dL, LDL-C {greater than or equal to}139.5mg/dL, HDL-C {less than or equal to}41.8mg/dL, and triglycerides {greater than or equal to}200.1mg/dL. The associations between lipid levels and stroke risk were less prominent. Multivariable-adjusted restricted cubic spline analysis demonstrated that the increase in MI risk was not exclusively driven by extreme values of lipid profiles. Similar results were obtained on sensitivity analyses of baseline lipid levels. However, associations between lipid variability and the risk of MI and stroke varied depending on the measure of lipid variability used. Conclusions: Mildly abnormal baseline lipid levels were associated with an increased future risk of ASCVD events, particularly MI, whereas measures of lipid variability were not. Therefore, in young adults, achieving optimal lipid levels could be valuable in the prevention of ASCVD.

7.
Am J Respir Crit Care Med ; 201(1): 95-106, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31322420

RESUMO

Rationale: Diagnosis and monitoring of patients with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is currently difficult.Objectives: We aimed to develop a noninvasive imaging modality for PAH that tracks the infiltration of macrophages into the pulmonary vasculature, using a positron emission tomography (PET) agent, 68Ga-2-(p-isothiocyanatobenzyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (NOTA) mannosylated human serum albumin (MSA), that targets the mannose receptor (MR).Methods: We induced PAH in rats by monocrotaline injection. Tissue analysis, echocardiography, and 68Ga-NOTA-MSA PET were performed weekly in rats after monocrotaline injection and in those treated with either sildenafil or macitentan. The translational potential of 68Ga-NOTA-MSA PET was explored in patients with PAH.Measurements and Main Results: Gene sets related to macrophages were significantly enriched on whole transcriptome sequencing of the lung tissue in PAH rats. Serial PET images of PAH rats demonstrated increasing uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-MSA in the lung by time that corresponded with the MR-positive macrophage recruitment observed in immunohistochemistry. In sildenafil- or macitentan-treated PAH rats, the infiltration of MR-positive macrophages by histology and the uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-MSA on PET was significantly lower than that of the PAH-only group. The pulmonary uptake of 68Ga-NOTA-MSA was significantly higher in patients with PAH than normal subjects (P = 0.009) or than those with pulmonary hypertension by left heart disease (P = 0.019) (n = 5 per group).Conclusions: 68Ga-NOTA-MSA PET can help diagnose PAH and monitor the inflammatory status by imaging the degree of macrophage infiltration into the lung. These observations suggest that 68Ga-NOTA-MSA PET has the potential to be used as a novel noninvasive diagnostic and monitoring tool of PAH.

8.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319889714, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787021

RESUMO

AIMS: We sought to investigate the association of obesity and metabolic health status with the incidence of clinical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) diagnosis in the general population. Our goal was to identify modifiable risk factors to attenuate clinical expression of HCM, enabling management evolution from a mostly passive strategy of risk stratification to a proactive strategy of modifying disease expression. METHODS: Using nationwide population-based data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service, 28,679,891 people who were free of prevalent HCM and who underwent health examinations between 2009 and 2015 were followed until 31 December 2016. The primary outcome was clinical HCM that was defined as incident diagnosis of HCM during the follow-up, after a blanking period of 12 months. RESULTS: Over a median follow-up of 5.2 years, 0.027% (n = 7851) of the study participants were diagnosed as incident HCM. The incidence rate per 1000 person-years was 0.059. A significant association was found between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of clinical HCM after multivariate adjustment, with a hazard ratio per 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI of 1.063 (95% confidence interval 1.051-1.075). Metabolically unhealthy participants had a greater incidence of HCM than metabolically healthy participants, regardless of obesity status. The effect of BMI was more pronounced in several subgroups, including participants with no hypertension, those aged less than 65 years and men. CONCLUSION: We found that individuals with obesity and/or metabolic abnormalities had a significantly higher incidence of clinical HCM diagnosis than their counterparts. Efforts to manage obesity and metabolic abnormalities may be important in modifying clinical expression of HCM.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819981

RESUMO

AIMS: To develop a mortality risk prediction model in patients with acute heart failure (AHF), using left ventricular (LV) function parameters with clinical factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 4312 patients admitted for AHF were retrospectively identified from three tertiary centres, and echocardiographic parameters including LV ejection fraction (LV-EF) and LV global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) were measured in a core laboratory. The full set of risk factors was available in 3248 patients. Using Cox proportional hazards model, we developed a mortality risk prediction model in 1859 patients from two centres (derivation cohort) and validated the model in 1389 patients from one centre (validation cohort). During 32 (interquartile range 13-54) months of follow-up, 1285 patients (39.6%) died. Significant predictors for mortality were age, diabetes, diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, natriuretic peptide, glomerular filtration rate, failure to prescribe beta-blockers, failure to prescribe renin-angiotensin system blockers, and LV-GLS; however, LV-EF was not a significant predictor. Final model including these predictors to estimate individual probabilities of mortality had C-statistics of 0.75 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.73-0.78; P < 0.001] in the derivation cohort and 0.78 (95% CI 0.75-0.80; P < 0.001) in the validation cohort. The prediction model had good performance in both heart failure (HF) with reduced EF, HF with mid-range EF, and HF with preserved EF. CONCLUSION: We developed a mortality risk prediction model for patients with AHF incorporating LV-GLS as the LV function parameter, and other clinical factors. Our model provides an accurate prediction of mortality and may provide reliable risk stratification in AHF patients.

10.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 189, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exists regarding healthcare utilization, medical expenses, and prognosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. We aimed to investigate mortality risk, healthcare utilization and medical expenditure in patients with PH across the five diagnostic subgroups. METHODS: We identified 2185 patients with PH, defined as peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity > 3.4 m/sec, among the consecutive patients referred for echocardiography between 2009 and 2015. Using diagnostic codes, medical records, and echocardiographic findings, the enrolled patients were classified according to the five subgroups by WHO classification. Healthcare utilization, costs, and all-cause mortality were assessed. RESULTS: Diagnostic subgroups of PH demonstrated significantly different clinical features. During a median of 32.4 months (interquartile range, 16.2-57.8), 749 patients (34.3%) died. Mortality risk was the lowest in group II (left heart disease) and highest in group III (chronic lung disease). The etiologies of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) had significant influence on the mortality risk in group I, showing the worst prognosis in PAH associated with connective tissue disease. Medical expenditure and healthcare utilization were different between the PH subgroups: groups II and V had more hospitalizations and medical expenses than other groups. Regardless of PH subgroups, the severity of PH was associated with higher mortality risk, more healthcare utilization and medical expenditure. CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences in clinical features and prognostic profiles between PH subgroups reflect the differences in pathophysiology and clinical consequences. Our findings highlight the importance of comprehensive understanding of PH according to the etiology and its severity.

11.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 12(11): e007428, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association of lifetime exposure to endogenous sex hormone with incident atrial fibrillation (AF) and subsequent ischemic stroke has never been studied. METHODS: This study involved 4 638 299 natural postmenopausal waomen aged ≥40 years without prior history of AF and with national breast cancer check-up between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014. The primary end point was incident AF, and the secondary end point was subsequent ischemic stroke once AF has developed. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate the risk of end points. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up of 6.3 years, shorter total reproductive years (<30 years) were associated with 7% increased risk of AF after adjusting for confounding variables (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.07 [95% CI, 1.05-1.09]). Risk of AF declined progressively with every 5-yearly increment in total reproductive years (P-for-trend <0.001). However, the prolonged (≥2 years) use of hormone replacement therapy after menopause was paradoxically associated with a 3% increase in AF risk (aHR, 1.03 [95% CI, 1.01-1.05]). For the secondary end point analysis, the risk of ischemic stroke after AF development significantly decreased with each 5-yearly increment in total reproductive years (with <30 years as reference; aHR, 0.93 [95% CI, 0.88-0.99] for 30-34 years; aHR, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.79-0.89] for 35-39 years; and aHR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.80-0.97] for ≥40 years, P-for-trend <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In women with natural menopause, shorter lifetime exposure to endogenous sex hormone, that is, shorter total reproductive years, was significantly associated with a higher risk of AF and subsequent ischemic stroke. Paradoxically, prolonged exogenous hormone replacement therapy increased the risk of incident AF.

12.
Atherosclerosis ; 290: 66-73, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the potential benefit of medical therapy in patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), there is a need for risk stratification and treatment strategy for these patients. We aimed to develop a risk prediction model for non-obstructive CAD patients for risk stratification and guidance of statin and aspirin therapy. METHODS: From a cohort of consecutive patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) (n = 25,087), we identified patients with non-obstructive CAD of 1-49% diameter-stenosis (n = 6243) and developed a risk prediction model for 5-year occurrence of a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and late coronary revascularization using a derivation cohort (n = 4391). RESULTS: Age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, anemia, C-reactive protein, and the extent of non-obstructive CAD were incorporated in the prediction model (risk score 0-13, C-index = 0.716). Patients were categorized into 4 groups; risk score of 0-3 (low-risk), 4-6 (intermediate-risk), 7-9 (high-risk), and ≥10 (very high-risk). Patients with very high-risk demonstrated unfavorable outcome comparable to patients with obstructive CAD. The low-risk group exhibited favorable outcome similar to those with no CAD. While statin therapy was associated with better outcomes in high- or very high-risk group (hazard ratio, 0.62; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-0.96; p = 0.033), aspirin use was associated with an increased risk in low-risk group (hazard ratio, 2.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.34-4.90; p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: A dedicated risk scoring system for non-obstructive CAD using clinical factors and CCTA findings accurately predicted prognosis. According to our risk prediction model, statin therapy can be beneficial for high-risk patients, whereas aspirin can be harmful for low-risk patients.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14565, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601873

RESUMO

Although hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the most common inherited cardiomyopathy, has mortality rate as low as general population, previous studies have focused on identifying high-risk of sudden cardiac death. Thus, long-term systemic impact of HCM is still unclear. We sought to investigate the association between HCM and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This was a nationwide population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database. We investigated incident ESRD during follow-up in 10,300 adult patients with HCM (age 62.1 years, male 67.3%) and 51,500 age-, sex-matched controls. During follow-up (median 2.8 years), ESRD developed in 197 subjects; 111 (1.08%) in the HCM, and 86 (0.17%) in the non-HCM (incidence rate 4.14 vs. 0.60 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001). In the HCM, the incidence rate for ESRD gradually increased with age, but an initial peak and subsequent plateau in age-specific risk were observed. HCM was a significant predictor for ESRD (unadjusted HR 6.90, 95% CI 5.21-9.15, p < 0.001), as comparable to hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, after adjusting for all variables showing the association in univariate analysis, HCM itself remained a robust predictor of ESRD development (adjusted HR 3.93, 95% CI 2.82-5.46, p < 0.001). The consistent associations between HCM and ESRD were shown in almost all subgroups other than smokers and subjects with a history of stroke. Conclusively, HCM increased the risk of ESRD, regardless of known prognosticators. It provides new insight into worsening renal function in HCM, and active surveillance for renal function should be considered.

14.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 32(11): 1462-1469.e8, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers improve survival in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction, but their effect is inconclusive in those with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ß-blockers according to global longitudinal strain (GLS) in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 40%. METHODS: The Strain for Risk Assessment and Therapeutic Strategies in Patients with Acute Heart Failure registry included 4,312 patients with acute HF at three tertiary hospitals. A total of 1,969 patients with LVEF ≥ 40% were included in this study. The patients were categorized as having either HF with midrange ejection fraction (40% ≤ LVEF < 50%; n = 692) or HFpEF (LVEF ≥ 50%; n = 1,277) and were classified as having GLS < 14% (n = 1,040) or GLS ≥ 14% (n = 929) on the basis of the best cutoff value derived from receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. GLS was indicated as an absolute value. The primary end point was 5-year all-cause mortality. A multivariate Cox proportional-hazard model was used to estimate the differential effect of ß-blockers on mortality in each prespecified group, and inverse-probability treatment-weighted analysis was performed to minimize confounders. RESULTS: Overall, 752 patients (38.2%) died within 5 years. After adjustment for significant covariates, ß-blocker use was associated with reduced risk for all-cause mortality in patients with GLS < 14% (HF with midrange ejection fraction: adjusted hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.46-0.90; P = .010; HFpEF: adjusted hazard ratio, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.41-0.80; P = .001), but not in those with GLS ≥ 14%. Similar findings were observed in the inverse-probability treatment-weighted population. No significant interaction between ß-blockers and other variables was found except for GLS. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with HF and LVEF ≥ 40%, the use of ß-blockers is associated with improved survival in those with GLS < 14%. Stratification of patients with HFpEF using GLS may identify those who could benefit from ß-blockers.

15.
Heart ; 105(24): 1892-1897, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) risk-sudden cardiac death (SCD) calculator endorsed by the 2014 European Society of Cardiology has not been independently validated in the Asians. We aimed to investigate whether the HCM Risk-SCD calculator effectively predicts SCD in Korean HCM population. METHODS: An observational, longitudinal cohort study was performed in 730 patients with HCM from 2007 to 2017. The primary endpoint was a composite of SCD and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy. RESULTS: During a follow-up period of 4288 person-years, 16 (2.2%) patients reached the primary endpoint. This validation study revealed a calibration slope of 0.892 and C-statistics of 0.718. The primary endpoint occurred in 1.1% (7/615), 4.6% (3/65) and 12.0% (6/50) of low-risk, intermediate-risk and high-risk groups, respectively. Although most patients (85.2%) without the primary endpoint were classified into the low-risk group, 7 of 11 SCD (63.6%) occurred in the low-risk group. In univariable and multivariable analysis, sex (woman) was significantly associated with the primary endpoint and emerged as independent predictor. The addition of sex to the HCM Risk-SCD calculator significantly improved the predictive value of the primary endpoint (net reclassification improvement 0.557, p=0.015). CONCLUSIONS: In the Korean HCM population, the HCM Risk-SCD calculator had a high negative predictive value and accuracy for predicting SCD or appropriate ICD therapy, but misclassified a few patients experiencing the primary endpoint as low-risk or intermediate-risk groups.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377777

RESUMO

AIMS: Native T1 times from T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) are associated with myocardial fibrosis in aortic stenosis (AS). We investigated whether changing patterns in native T1 predict clinical outcomes after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in severe AS patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-three patients with severe AS (65.9 ± 8.1 years; 24 men) who underwent T1 mapping CMR at baseline and 1 year after AVR were prospectively enrolled. Upper limit of native T1 from healthy volunteers was used to define normal myocardium and diffuse fibrosis (native T1 < 1208.4 and ≥1208.4 ms, respectively). Participants were categorized into Group 1 (pre- and post-AVR normal myocardium; n = 11), Group 2 (pre-AVR diffuse fibrosis and post-AVR normal myocardium; n = 18), and Group 3 (post-AVR diffuse fibrosis; n = 14). Native T1 significantly decreased 1 year after AVR (pre-AVR, 1233.8 ± 49.7 ms; post-AVR, 1189.1 ± 58.4 ms; P < 0.001), which was associated with left ventricular (LV) mass regression (△native T1 vs. △LV mass index, r = 0.454, P = 0.010) and systolic function improvement (△native T1 vs. △LV ejection fraction, r = -0.379, P = 0.012). Group 2 showed greater functional improvements, whereas these benefits were blunted in Group 3. Group 3 had significantly worse outcomes than Group 1 [hazard ratio (HR), 9.479, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.176-76.409; P = 0.035] and Group 2 (HR 3.551, 95% CI 1.178-10.704; P = 0.024). CONCLUSION: AVR-induced changes in native T1 values are associated with LV systolic functional changes as well as prognosis in severe AS. Post-AVR T1 mapping CMR can be used as an imaging biomarker.

17.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408927

RESUMO

Background/Aims: We evaluated changes in the ascending aorta dimension post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in bicuspid aortic valve (BiAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients. Methods: Patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR at Seoul National University Hospital were consecutively recruited. Patients with less than 12 months' follow-up and/or with an ascending aorta size larger than 50 mm were excluded. The ascending aorta size was measured on a parasternal long axis view using transthoracic echocardiography. Results: Among the 67 patients who were included (age: 76.5 ± 6.5 years; male: 52.2%; AV area: 0.67 ± 0.15 cm2), 19 (28.4%) had BiAV; 48 (71.6%) had TAV. The median (interquartile ranges) follow-up duration was 398 days (361 to 451). BiAV patients were younger (73.2 ± 7.2 vs. 77.8 ± 5.8, p = 0.008), and had lower incidences of chronic renal disease (5.3% vs. 35.4%, p = 0.014) and history of coronary intervention (15.8% vs. 50.0%, p = 0.013), than TAV patients. On pre-procedural echocardiography, the ascending aorta dimensions in BiAV patients were larger than those in TAV patients (40.5 ± 3.8 mm vs. 35.9 ± 4.2 mm, p < 0.005). The ascending aorta dimension changed minimally during follow-up; post-TAVR, the ascending aorta's growth rate was -0.11 ± 1.9 and 0.26 ± 1.8 mm/yr in patients with BiAV and TAV, respectively (p = 0.50). Progression of the ascending aorta's dimension postTAVR was not clinically significant in BiAV patients. Conclusions: The concern about the progression of aortopathy in BiAV patients post-TAVR may not be a clinical issue. This should be confirmed in studies with a larger population and with a longer follow-up duration.

18.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 20(12): 1355-1364, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410457

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to investigate whether long-term exposure to particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5) in the ambient air is related to the development or growth of coronary plaques. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study involved 364 residents of Seoul, Korea, who underwent serial coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) at an interval of ≥2 years. Each participant's average concentration of residential PM2.5 between the two CCTAs was calculated. Primary endpoint was the development of high-risk plaque (HRP), defined as a plaque with low attenuation, spotty calcium, and positive remodelling. Secondary endpoints were the volume increase of total plaque and its component volume. Among those without HRP at baseline (n = 341), 20 patients developed HRP at follow-up CCTA, the residential PM2.5 concentration of which was significantly higher than those without HRP at follow-up (25.8 ± 2.0 vs. 25.0 ± 1.7 µg/m3 for patients with newly developed HRP vs. patients without HRP at follow-up; P = 0.047). An increase in PM2.5 concentration was associated with increased incidence of HRP at follow-up [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22-2.15, P < 0.001]. In a secondary analysis, the PM2.5 concentration was associated with an increased risk of the formation of either fibrofatty or necrotic core component in newly developed plaques (aHR 1.41, 95% CI 1.23-1.61, P < 0.001), and with a higher risk of total plaque volume progression in the pre-existing plaques (aHR 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.23, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Exposure to higher concentration of PM2.5 in the ambient air is significantly associated with the development of high-risk coronary plaques.

19.
Stroke ; 50(9): 2582-2586, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340730

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients with atrial fibrillation are at increased risk of stroke, and anticoagulation is strongly recommended. However, limited data are available regarding the safety and effectiveness of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for primary prevention of stroke. Methods- Using the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database, we identified 2397 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation on oral anticoagulation from 2013 to 2016 without history of ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), or gastrointestinal bleeding (992 on warfarin and 1405 on NOACs). Inverse probability of treatment weighting with propensity scores was used to balance covariates between treatment groups. Risk for ischemic stroke, ICH, gastrointestinal bleeding, death, and their composite outcome associated with NOAC use was assessed with warfarin use as the reference. Results- During a mean follow-up of 1.6 years, the incidence rates of ischemic stroke, ICH, gastrointestinal bleeding, death, and composite outcome were all significantly lower in the NOAC than in the warfarin group (stroke, 2.8 versus 5.0; ICH, 0.5 versus 1.3; gastrointestinal bleeding, 2.3 versus 3.0; death, 3.0 versus 5.1; composite, 7.5 versus 12.5 events per 100 person-years). NOACs were associated with significantly lower risks of ischemic stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 0.47; 95% CI, 0.32-0.68), ICH (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.14-0.69), gastrointestinal bleeding (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.40-0.96), death (HR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.31-0.65), and the composite outcome (HR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.38-0.61) than warfarin. The same trend was observed regardless of the NOAC dose and across various high-risk subgroups. In analysis of individual NOACs, all NOACs were associated with lower risks of ischemic stroke and composite outcome. Conclusions- NOACs showed superior effectiveness and safety versus warfarin in the primary prevention of stroke versus warfarin in real-world Asian hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with atrial fibrillation.

20.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 132, 2019 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Behcet's disease (BD)-related aortic regurgitation (AR) is known to be associated with paravalvular leakage (PVL) after successful aortic valve (AV) surgery. This study aimed to determine predictors of PVL after successful AV surgery in BD patients. We retrospectively collected data of 35 patients (42.1 ± 9.1 years, 27 men) who underwent surgery for severe BD-related AR at two tertiary centers. The diagnosis was established based on echocardiographic, surgical, and/or pathological findings in conjunction with the International Study Group criteria for BD. A total of 76 cases of AV surgery in 35 patients were analyzed. RESULTS: A median follow-up duration was 8.0 years (interquartile range, 5.4-14.3 years). PVL developed in 18 patients (51.4%) within 2 years after the first surgery. Six patients who met the diagnostic criteria for BD did not develop PVL, in whom 5 patients took immunosuppressive therapy (IST). However, 4 of 9 patients (44.4%) who did not meet the diagnostic criteria developed PVL, in whom four (44.4%) patients took IST. On multivariable analysis, postoperative IST and concomitant aortic root replacement (ARR) were two independent predictors for less PVL development (HR 0.38, 95% CI 0.17-0.89, p = 0.025 for postoperative IST; HR 0.17, 95% CI 0.08-0.36, p < 0.001 for concomitant ARR). Preoperative IST use did not determine PVL development (p = 0.75). CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative, but not preoperative, IST and concomitant ARR were independent predictors of less development of PVL. Special attention is required for early diagnosis BD-related AR, especially in patients not satisfying the current diagnostic criteria.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA