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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4854, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649405

RESUMO

We investigated sex-related differences in the prognosis of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) using the Korea National Health Insurance Service database. From 2010 to 2016, 9524 patients diagnosed with HCM and had more than 1-year follow-up period were analyzed. The primary endpoint was the composite of cardiovascular death or new-onset heart failure (HF) admission. Propensity score-matching analysis was performed to adjust for different baseline characteristics. With a 4.4-years' median follow-up interval (range 2.0-6.6 years) and male predominance (77.6%), women with HCM were older (52.6 ± 9.7 vs. 51.4 ± 9.1, p < 0.001), had lower incomes, more comorbidities based on Charlson comorbidity index. Women with HCM had a higher incidence of the primary endpoint than men (incidence rate: 34.15 vs. 22.83 per 1000 person-years, log-rank p < 0.001). Multivariable Cox analysis showed that female sex was a poor prognostic factor for the primary endpoint (HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.24-1.64, p < 0.001). This was mainly driven by a higher incidence of new-onset HF admission (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.34-1.80). However, there was no difference in the incidence of cardiovascular death between the sexes. This result was concordant in the propensity score-matched cohort. In conclusion, women with HCM have worse prognosis, which was mainly driven by a higher new-onset HF admission.

2.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682334

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite well-established benefits of sacubitril/valsartan for cardiac reverse remodelling and the prognosis of patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), there are some patients with limited therapeutic response, even with optimal therapy. We assessed the treatment response to sacubitril/valsartan in patients with HFrEF, focusing on the association between reverse remodelling and the prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a retrospective cohort of consecutive patients with HFrEF treated with sacubitril/valsartan, we compared the time trajectory of cardiac function in 415 patients (1258 echocardiograms), according to the occurrence of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for HF during a median follow-up of 19.1 (interquartile range, 10.9-27.6) months. A higher sacubitril/valsartan dose was associated with a better prognosis, whereas advanced age, diabetes, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, left atrial enlargement, and pulmonary hypertension were associated with a worse prognosis. Patients without an event (n = 337; 81.2%) showed LV reverse remodelling (LV ejection fraction ≥45% or LV end-systolic volume reduction by 15% from baseline), which was typically observed within 6 months of sacubitril/valsartan treatment. Reverse remodelling achievement was significantly associated with a better prognosis. However, patients without reverse remodelling had a worse prognosis, as poor as that in patients with HFrEF not treated with sacubitril/valsartan. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HFrEF treated with sacubitril/valsartan, LV reverse remodelling reflects the treatment response and predicts the prognosis, whereas a lack of reverse remodelling indicates the lack of treatment benefits. Prediction and assessment of reverse remodelling may facilitate the selection of patients with greater benefits by sacubitril/valsartan.

3.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(50): e419, 2020 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) have been adopted by medical schools to overcome the limitations of traditional block clerkship rotations and to promote continuity of care. In 2018, Seoul National University College of Medicine introduced a patient-centered LIC program as part of a new curriculum in parallel with traditional block rotation clerkships. The purpose of this study was to present the patient-centered LIC program and to investigate its educational effects. METHODS: In 2018 and 2019, a total of 298 third-year medical students participated in the LIC program. We divided the students into groups of eight, which were organized into corresponding discussion classes. Throughout the academic year, students followed up patients by interviewing them at the hospital or reviewing their electric medical records. Discussion classes on set topics were held seven times per year with facilitators and clinical faculites. Students completed a course evaluation questionnaire at the end of the academic year. The questionnaire included 22 items measured on a 5-point scale and two open-ended questions asking about the benefits and limitations of the program. The items covered three domains: student experience, satisfaction, and self-assessment. Final reflective essays were collected as both student assessments and data for qualitative analysis. RESULTS: During the study period, the overall experience of the students improved. We increased the number of faculty members and patients and decreased the number of students in each discussion class. We also provided additional feedback through an e-portfolio. Students' satisfaction changed positively. Compared to the rotational clerkship, students answered that the LIC provided additional help in learning the two core competencies. During the first 2 years of the program, the percentage of students who answered that the program was more helpful than the rotational clerkship increased from 23.7% to 46.4% for continuity of care (P < 0.001), and from 20.5% to 50.7% for patient-centered care (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our patient-centered LIC, in parallel with traditional block rotation clerkships, had a positive effect on students' experience of continuity of care and patient-centered care.

4.
Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 53(5): 285-290, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020346

RESUMO

Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the hemodynamic performance and the incidence of prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) using bovine pericardial valves (Carpentier-Edwards Perimount Magana and Magna Ease). Methods: In total, 216 patients (mean age, 70.0±10.5 years) who underwent AVR using stented bovine pericardial valves and had follow-up echocardiography between 3 months and 2 years (mean, 12.0±6.6 months) after surgery were enrolled. The implanted valve sizes were 19, 21, 23, and 25 mm in 32, 56, 99, and 29 patients, respectively. Results: On follow-up echocardiography, the mean transvalvular pressure gradients for the 19-mm, 21-mm, 23-mm, and 25-mm valves were 13.3±4.4, 12.6±4.2, 10.5±3.9, and 10.2± 3.7 mm Hg, respectively. The effective orifice area (EOA) was 1.25±0.26, 1.54±0.31, 1.81±0.41, and 1.87±0.33 cm2, respectively. These values were smaller than those suggested by the manufacturer for the corresponding sizes. No patients had PPM, when based on the reference EOA. However, moderate (EOA index ≤0.85 cm2/m2) and severe (EOA index ≤0.65 cm2/m2) PPM was present in 56 patients (11.8%) and 9 patients (1.9%), respectively, when using the measured values. Conclusion: Carpentier-Edwards Perimount Magna and Magna Ease bovine pericardial valves showed satisfactory hemodynamic performance with low rates of PPM, although the reference EOA could overestimate the true EOA for individual patients.

5.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The H2FPEF score is a validated algorithm for the diagnosis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). We investigated the associations of the H2FPEF score with echocardiographic parameters and prognosis in patients with HFpEF admitted for acute heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 4312 patients at 3 tertiary centers were identified. Among 1335 patients with HFpEF, the H2FPEF score was available in 1105 patients (39% male) with a median age of 77 years (interquartile range 69-82). The median H2FPEF score was 4 (interquartile range 3-6). Patients with higher H2FPEF scores had worse left atrial (LA) size, peak atrial longitudinal strain of the left atrium, mitral E/e' ratio, and peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity. Peak atrial longitudinal strain of the left atrium demonstrated a significant association with the H2FPEF score, in patients without atrial fibrillation and those without atrial fibrillation. After adjustment for clinical factors and echocardiographic parameters, patients with higher H2FPEF scores had a higher risk of mortality and hospitalization for heart failure, regardless of the presence of atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSIONS: The H2FPEF score reflects left atrial function in patients with HFpEF admitted for acute heart failure. This association supports the clinical usefulness of the H2FPEF score as an indicator of diastolic dysfunction, a diagnostic algorithm for HFpEF, and a prognostic factor in patients with HFpEF.

6.
Br J Sports Med ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967852

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recommendations on physical activity (PA) for adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are not well established. We investigated the association of PA intensity with mortality in the general adult HCM population. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort of individuals with HCM who underwent health check-ups including questionnaires on PA levels were identified from the years 2009 to 2016 in the National Health Insurance Service database. Subjects who reported no PA at baseline were excluded. To estimate each individual's PA level, the PA score (PAS) was calculated based on the self-reported questionnaires, and the study population was categorised into three groups according to tertiles of PAS. The associations of PAS with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 7666 participants (mean age 59.5 years, 29.9% were women) were followed up for a mean 5.3±2.0 years. All-cause and cardiovascular mortality progressively decreased from the lowest to the highest tertiles of PA intensity: 9.1% (4.7%), 8.9% (3.8%) and 6.4% (2.7%), respectively (p-for-trend=0.0144 and 0.0023, respectively). Of note, compared with the middle PA group, the highest PA group did not have an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality (HR 0.78, (95% CI 0.63 to 0.95) and HR 0.75 (95% CI 0.54 to 1.03), respectively). All subgroup and sensitivity analyses consistently showed that all-cause and cardiovascular mortality did not increase with higher PA levels. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA, in a middle-aged population of patients with HCM, was associated with progressive reduction of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. The impact of vigorous-intensity PA on a younger age group requires further investigation.

7.
J Cardiol ; 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32863081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) and cancer are currently two leading causes of mortality, and sometimes coexist. However, the relationship between them is not completely elucidated. We aimed to investigate whether patients with HF are predisposed to cancer development using the large Korean National Health Insurance claims database. METHODS: This study included 128,441 HF patients without a history of cancer and 642,205 age- and sex-matched individuals with no history of cancer and HF between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 4.06 years, 11,808 patients from the HF group and 40,805 participants from the control were newly diagnosed with cancer (cumulative incidence, 9.2% vs. 6.4%, p < 0.0001). Patients with HF presented a higher risk for cancer development compared to controls in multivariable Cox analysis [hazard ratio (HR) 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.61-1.68]. The increased risk was consistent for all site-specific cancers. To minimize potential surveillance bias, additional analysis was performed by eliminating participants who developed cancer within the initial 2 years of HF diagnosis (i.e. 2-year lag analysis). In the 2-year lag analysis, the higher risk of overall cancer remained significant in patients with HF (HR 1.09, 95% CI 1.05-1.13), although the association was weaker. Among the site-specific cancers, three types of cancer (lung, liver/biliary/pancreas, and hematologic malignancy) were consistently at higher risk in patients with HF. An exploratory analysis showed that patients with repeated HF hospitalization had a higher risk of cancer development compared to those without, in a pattern of stepwise increases across the three groups [controls vs. HF without re-hospitalization vs. HF with re-hospitalization ≥1; HR (95% CI), 1.00 (reference) vs. 1.55 (1.51-1.59) vs. 1.96 (1.89-2.03), respectively]. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer incidence is higher in patients with HF than the general population. Active surveillance of coexisting malignancy needs to be considered in these patients.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(12): 2561-2572, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between extracellular volume fraction (ECV), a noninvasive parameter that quantifies the degree of diffuse myocardial fibrosis on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis on invasive myocardial biopsy is associated with LVDD. However, there is a paucity of data on the association between noninvasively quantified diffuse myocardial fibrosis and the degree of LVDD and how these are related to symptoms and long-term prognosis in patients with AS. METHODS: Patients with moderate or severe AS (n = 191; mean age 68.4 years) and 30 control subjects without cardiovascular risk factors underwent CMR. LVDD grade was evaluated using echocardiography according to the 2016 American Society of Echocardiography/European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging guidelines. Clinical outcomes were defined as a composite of all-cause mortality or hospitalization for heart failure aggravation. RESULTS: Patients in higher ECV quintiles had a significantly higher prevalence of LVDD. Higher ECV was particularly associated with decreased myocardial relaxation (septal e' <7 cm/s) and increased LV filling pressure (E/e' ratio ≥15). Although both impaired diastolic function and higher ECV were significantly associated with a worse degree of dyspnea, patients with higher ECV showed greater dyspnea within the same grade of LVDD. During a median follow-up period of 5.6 years, 37 clinical events occurred. Increased ECV, as well as lower septal e' and higher E/septal e' ratio, were independent predictors of clinical events, irrespective of age, AS severity, aortic valve replacement, and left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. ECV provided incremental prognostic value on top of clinical factors and LV systolic and diastolic function. CONCLUSIONS: Diffuse myocardial fibrosis, assessed using ECV on CMR, was associated with LVDD in patients with AS, but both ECV and LV diastolic function parameters provided a complementary explanation for dyspnea and clinical outcomes. Concomitant assessment of both LVDD and diffuse myocardial fibrosis may further identify patients with AS with greater symptoms and worse prognosis.

9.
Korean Circ J ; 50(9): 791-800, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severe aortic stenosis (AS) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is a class I indication for aortic valve replacement (AVR) but this recommendation is not well established in those at the stage of moderate AS. We investigate the clinical impact of AVR among patients with moderate AS and LVSD. METHODS: From 2001 to 2017, we consecutively identified patients with moderate AS and LVSD, defined as aortic valve area 1.0-1.5 cm² and left ventricular ejection fraction <50%. The primary outcome was all-cause death. The outcomes were compared between those who underwent early surgical AVR (within 2 years of index echocardiography) at the stage of moderate AS versus those who were followed medically without AVR at the outpatient clinic. RESULTS: Among 255 patients (70.1±11.3 years, male 62%), 37 patients received early AVR. The early AVR group was younger than the medical observation group (63.1±7.9 vs. 71.3±11.4) with a lower prevalence of hypertension and chronic kidney disease. During a median 1.8-year follow up, 121 patients (47.5%) died, and the early AVR group showed a significantly lower all-cause death rate than the medical observation group (5.03PY vs. 18.80PY, p<0.001). After multivariable Cox-proportional hazard regression adjusting for age, sex, comorbidities, and laboratory data, early AVR at the stage of moderate AS significantly reduced the risk of death (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% confidence interval 0.20-0.91; p=0.028). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with moderate AS and LVSD, AVR reduces the risk of all-cause death. A prospective randomized trial is warranted to confirm our findings.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(10): 2071-2081, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify whether left atrial strain can predict new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) in patients with heart failure (HF) and sinus rhythm. BACKGROUND: Both HF and atrial fibrillation have common risk factors, and HF is a risk factor for the development of atrial fibrillation and vice versa. METHODS: Among 4,312 consecutive patients with acute HF from 3 tertiary hospitals, 2,461 patients with sinus rhythm and peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) were included in the study. Reduced PALS was defined as PALS ≤18%, and the primary endpoint was 5-year NOAF. RESULTS: During a 5-year follow-up, 397 (16.1%) patients developed NOAF. Patients with reduced PALS had higher NOAF than their counterparts (18.2% vs. 12.7%; p < 0.001). After adjustment for significant covariates, we identified 6 independent predictors of NOAF, including age >70 years (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.12 to 2.00), hypertension (HR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.10 to 1.91), left atrial volume index ≥40 ml/m2 (HR: 2.03; 95% CI: 1.48 to 2.77), PALS <18% (HR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.18 to 2.17), HF with preserved ejection fraction (HR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.11 to 1.95), and no beta-blocker prescription at discharge (HR: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.14 to 1.92). A weighted score based on these variables was used to create a composite score, HAS-BAP (H = hypertension; A = age; S = PALS; B = no beta-blocker prescription at discharge; A = atrial volume index; P = HF with preserved ejection fraction [range 0 to 6] with a median of 3 [interquartile range: 2 to 4]). The probability of NOAF increased with HAS-BAP score. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF and sinus rhythm, 16.1% developed NOAF, and PALS could be used to predict the risk for NOAF. The HAS-BAP score allows determination of the risk of NOAF. (Strain for Risk Assessment and Therapeutic Strategies in Patients With Acute Heart Failure [STRATS-AHF] Registry; NCT03513653).

11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(12): e015009, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519555

RESUMO

Background Many patients with heart failure (HF) experience changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) during follow-up. We sought to evaluate the predictors and outcomes of different HF phenotypes according to longitudinal changes in EF. Methods and Results A total of 2104 patients with acute HF underwent echocardiography at baseline and follow-up. Global longitudinal strain was measured at index admission. HF phenotypes were defined as persistent HF with reduced EF (persistent HFrEF, LVEF ≤40% at baseline and follow-up), heart failure with improved ejection fraction (LVEF≤40% at baseline and improved to >40% at follow-up), heart failure with declined ejection fraction (LVEF>40% at baseline and declined to ≤40% at follow up), and persistent HF with preserved EF (persistent HFpEF, LVEF>40% at baseline and follow-up). Overall, 1130 patients had HFrEF at baseline; during follow-up, 54.2% and 46.8% had persistent HFrEF and heart failure with improved ejection fraction, respectively. Among 975 patients with HFpEF at baseline, 89.5% and 10.5% had persistent HFpEF and heart failure with declined ejection fraction at follow-up, respectively. The 5-year all-cause mortality rates were 43.1%, 33.1%, 24%, and 17% for heart failure with declined ejection fraction, persistent HFrEF, persistent HFpEF, and heart failure with improved ejection fraction, respectively (global log-rank P<0.001). In multivariable analyses, each 1% increase in global longitudinal strain (greater contractility) was associated with 10% increased odds for heart failure with improved ejection fraction among patients with HFrEF at baseline and 7% reduced odds for heart failure with declined ejection fraction among patients with HFpEF at baseline. Conclusions LVEF changed during follow-up. Each HF phenotype according to longitudinal LVEF changes has a distinct prognosis. Global longitudinal strain can be used to predict the HF phenotype. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03513653.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533163

RESUMO

AIMS : We aimed to analyse the time-serial change of cardiac function in light-chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis patients undergoing active chemotherapy and its relationship with patient outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS : Seventy-two patients with AL cardiac amyloidosis undergoing active chemotherapy who had two or more echocardiographic examinations were identified from a prospective observational cohort (n = 34) and a retrospective cohort (n = 38). Echocardiographic parameters were obtained immediately prior to 1-3, 3-6, 6-12, and 12-24 months after the first chemotherapy. Study endpoint was a composite of death or heart transplantation (HT). During a median of 32 months (interquartile range 8-51) follow-up, 33 patients (45.8%) died and 4 patients (5.6%) underwent HT. Echocardiograms immediately prior to the first chemotherapy did not show differences between the patients with adverse events vs. those without. Significant increase in mitral E/e' ratio and decline in left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) was observed, starting at 3-6 months after the first chemotherapy only in those who experienced adverse events on follow-up, which was also evident in those who responded to chemotherapy. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that B-natriuretic peptide >500 pg/mL and troponin I >0.15 ng/dL at initial diagnosis, hospitalization for heart failure, E/e' >15, and LV-GLS <10% during follow-up were independent predictors of outcome. CONCLUSIONS : In AL cardiac amyloidosis patients undergoing active chemotherapy, the deterioration of LV function may occur, starting even at 3-6 months after the first chemotherapy. Serial echocardiography may help identify those who experience a clinical event in the near future despite active chemotherapy.

14.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 13(5): e009707, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of studies investigating the heterogeneity of patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We explored whether cluster analysis identifies distinct subgroups with different prognostic significances in AS. METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients with moderate or severe AS were prospectively enrolled between 2013 and 2016 (n=398, mean 71 years, 55% male). Among demographics, laboratory, and echocardiography parameters (n=32), 11 variables were selected through dimension reduction and used for unsupervised clustering. Phenotypes and causes of mortality were compared between the clusters. RESULTS: Three clusters with markedly different features were identified. Cluster 1 (n=60) was predominantly associated with cardiac dysfunction, cluster 2 (n=86) consisted of elderly with comorbidities, especially end-stage renal disease, whereas cluster 3 (n=252) demonstrated neither cardiac dysfunction nor comorbidities. Although AS severity did not differ, there was a significant difference in adverse outcomes between the clusters during a median 2.4 years follow-up (mortality rate, 13.3% versus 19.8% versus 6.0% for cluster 1, 2, and 3, P<0.001). Particularly, compared with cluster 3, cluster 1 was associated with only cardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 7.37 [95% CI, 2.00-27.13]; P=0.003), whereas cluster 2 was associated with higher noncardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.35 [95% CI, 1.26-8.90]; P=0.015). Phenotypes and association of clusters with specific outcomes were reproduced in an independent validation cohort (n=262). CONCLUSIONS: Unsupervised cluster analysis of patients with AS revealed 3 distinct groups with different causes of death. This provides a new perspective in the categorization of patients with AS that takes into account comorbidities and extravalvular cardiac dysfunction.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Ecocardiografia , Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Causas de Morte , Análise por Conglomerados , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Int J Cardiol ; 313: 25-31, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been the mainstay of revascularization strategy for significant coronary artery disease, future cancer risk after PCI has never been explored. We aimed to investigate the risk of incident cancer in patients undergoing PCI for the first time. METHODS: We studied 125,613 patients who underwent the first PCI between 2010 and 2015 without a prior history of cancer. For comparison, we selected 628,065 age- and sex-matched controls without any history of cancer or PCI who completed the assigned national health examination during the same period. RESULTS: During a median 4.56 years (interquartile range, 3.06-6.13 years), 8528 patients from the PCI group and 40,166 controls were newly diagnosed with cancer (incidence rate, 15.1 vs. 13.9 per 1000 person-years, p < 0.0001). Patients undergoing PCI presented a higher risk for cancer development than the controls in multivariable Cox analysis (adjusted HR [aHR] 1.06, 95% CI 1.04-1.09, p < 0.0001). To minimize potential surveillance bias, we performed 1-year lag analysis by eliminating participants who developed cancer within 1 year from the PCI. In this analysis, the increased risk of overall cancer in the PCI group became insignificant (aHR 1.02, 95% CI 0.99-1.05, p = 0.2017). Regarding site-specific cancers, however, the risk of lung and hematologic malignancies remained higher and the risk of gastrointestinal, liver/biliary/pancreas, thyroid, and breast cancers remained lower in the PCI group. CONCLUSIONS: Differential future cancer risks were observed in patients undergoing PCI. The results suggest that specialized surveillance strategy might be warranted for this expanding population.

16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 69, 2020 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) on cardiac function are not fully understood. We investigated the changes in cardiac function in diabetic patients according to the presence and types of heart failure (HF). METHODS: We retrospectively identified 202 diabetic patients who underwent echocardiography before, and 6 to 24 months after the initiation of SGLT2i. After propensity score matching with diabetic patients without SGLT2i, the study population (n = 304) were categorized into group 1 (without HF nor SGLT2i; n = 76), group 2 (without HF and received SGLT2i; n = 78), group 3 (with HF but without SGLT2i; n = 76), and group 4 (with HF and received SGLT2i; n = 74). Changes in echocardiographic parameters were compared between these 4 groups, and between HF patients with reduced versus preserved ejection fraction (EF). RESULTS: After a median 13 months of follow-up, HF patients with SGLT2i showed a significant decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LV-EDD; from 57.4 mm [50.0-64.9] to 53.0 mm [48.0-60.0]; p < 0.001) and improvement in LV-EF (from 36.1% [25.6-47.5] to 45.0% [34.8-56.3]; p < 0.001). LV mass index and diastolic parameters also showed improvements in HF patients with SGLT2i. The SGLT2i-induced improvements in cardiac function were more prominent in HF patients than those without HF, and in HFrEF patients than HFpEF patients. CONCLUSIONS: Use of SGLT2i improved cardiac function in diabetic patients, regardless of the presence of HF. The improvements were more prominent in HF patients, especially in those with HFrEF. These improvements in cardiac function would contribute to the clinical benefit of SGLT2i.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 25, 2020 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac dysfunction is increasingly recognized in patients with liver cirrhosis. Nevertheless, the presence or absence of structural alterations such as diffuse myocardial fibrosis remains unclear. We aimed to investigate myocardial structural changes in cirrhosis, and explore left ventricular (LV) structural and functional changes induced by liver transplantation. METHODS: This study included 33 cirrhosis patients listed for transplantation and 20 healthy controls. Patients underwent speckle-tracking echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with extracellular volume fraction (ECV) quantification at baseline (n = 33) and 1 year after transplantation (n = 19). RESULTS: CMR-based LV ejection fraction (CMRLV-EF) and echocardiographic LV global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) demonstrated hyper-contractile LV in cirrhosis patients (CMRLV-EF: 67.8 ± 6.9% in cirrhosis vs 63.4 ± 6.4% in healthy controls, P = 0.027; echocardiographic GLS: - 24.2 ± 2.7% in cirrhosis vs - 18.6 ± 2.2% in healthy controls, P < 0.001). No significant differences in LV size, wall thickness, mass index, and diastolic function between cirrhosis patients and healthy controls were seen (all P > 0.1). Only one of the cirrhosis patients showed late gadolinium enhancement. However, cirrhosis patients showed a higher ECV (31.6 ± 5.1% vs 25.4 ± 1.9%, P < 0.001) than healthy controls. ECV showed a positive correlation with Child-Pugh score (r = 0.564, P = 0.001). Electrocardiogram-based corrected QT interval was prolonged in cirrhosis (P < 0.001). One-year post-transplantation, echocardiographic LV-GLS (from - 24.9 ± 2.4% to - 20.6 ± 3.4%, P < 0.001) and ECV (from 30.9 ± 4.5% to 25.4 ± 2.6%, P = 0.001) moved to the normal ranges. Corrected QT interval decreased after transplantation (from 475 ± 41 to 429 ± 30 msec, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial extracellular volume expansion with augmented resting LV systolic function was characteristic of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, which normalizes 1-year post-transplantation. Thus, myocardial extracellular expansion represents a structural component of myocardial changes in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Listas de Espera , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular
18.
BMJ Open ; 10(2): e031608, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Impact of sex and myocardial function on the obesity paradox in heart failure (HF) is unknown. We explored whether sex, myocardial function, and left ventricular (LV) geometry explains the protective association of body mass index (BMI) with mortality, and investigated whether metabolic health status affects this association. DESIGN: A multicentre cohort study with patients with acute HF admitted from January 2009 to December 2016 with a median follow-up of 33.7 months. SETTING: Three tertiary hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2021 overweight-to-obese (OW) and 1543 normal-weight (NW) patients with acute HF. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Patients were categorised as either OW (BMI≥23kg/m2) or NW (BMI<23kg/m2). BMI was used as both categorical and continuous variables. Clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic measures, including LV global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS), LV-ejection fraction, LV geometry, were obtained. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 1392 patients died (685 OW and 707 NW). BMI was significantly associated with mortality in univariate (HR=0.929 per kg/m2, p<0.001) and multivariate analyses (HR=0.954 per kg/m2, p<0.001). In multivariable fractional polynomials, higher BMIs were associated with lower mortality overall and in subgroups by sex, LV-GLS and LV geometry, with a steeper association in men (p-interaction <0.001). In women, there were significant interactions of BMI with LV-GLS (p-interaction=0.044) and age (p-interaction=0.040) for mortality; the protective association of BMI with mortality was confined to subgroups with high LV-GLS (>10.1%) or elderly patients (≥75 years). In men, this association was found in all subgroups without significant interaction. Metabolically healthy obese patients had better survival than metabolically unhealthy obese patients (log-rank p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In women, a significant interaction was observed between BMI and age or LV-GLS in association with mortality, suggesting that sex, ageing and myocardial dysfunction can affect the magnitude of the obesity paradox in HF. Metabolic health status provides prognostic information beyond obesity status. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Registry: ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT03513653 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03513653).

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031588

RESUMO

AIMS: Left atrial (LA) dysfunction can be associated with left ventricular (LV) disorders; however, its clinical significance has not been well-studied in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). We evaluated prognostic power of peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS) of the left atrium according to heart failure (HF) phenotypes and atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: From an AHF registry with 4312 patients, we analysed PALS in 3818 patients. Patients were categorized into PALS tertiles. We also divided the patients according to HF phenotypes [HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), HF with mid-range ejection fraction (HFmrEF), or HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)] and presence of AF. The primary outcomes were all-cause mortality and HF hospitalization. PALS was weakly but significantly correlated with LA volume index (r = -0.310, P < 0.001), E/e' (r = -0.245, P < 0.001), and LV ejection fraction (r = 0.371, P < 0.001). A total of 2016 patients (52.8%) experienced adverse clinical events during median follow-up duration of 30.6 months (interquartile ranges 11.6-54.4 months). In the multivariate analysis, PALS was a significant predictor of events [hazard ratio (HR) 0.984, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.971-0.996; P = 0.012]. Patients with the lowest tertile (HR 1.576, 95% CI 1.219-2.038; P < 0.001) had a higher number of events than those with the highest tertile in the multivariate analysis. In the subgroup analysis, however, PALS was not a prognosticator (HR 0.987, 95% CI 0.974-1.000; P = 0.056) in AF patients. The prognostic power of PALS was not different between HFrEF (HR 0.977, 95% CI 0.969-0.974; P < 0.001), HFmrEF (HR 0.984, 95% CI 0.972-0.996; P = 0.008), and HFpEF (HR 0.980, 95% CI 0.973-0.987; P < 0.001, P for interaction = 0.433). CONCLUSION: PALS was a significant prognostic marker in AHF patients. The prognostic power was similar regardless of HF phenotypes, but PALS was not associated with clinical events in AF patients.

20.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 75(4): 380-390, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether the noninvasive evaluation of the degree of amyloid deposition in the myocardium can predict the prognosis of patients with light chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that 11C-Pittsburgh B compound positron emission tomography (11C-PiB PET) is useful for prognostication of AL cardiac amyloidosis by noninvasively imaging the myocardial AL amyloid deposition. METHODS: This study consecutively enrolled 41 chemotherapy-naïve AL cardiac amyloidosis patients. The amyloid deposit was quantitatively assessed with amyloid P immunohistochemistry in endomyocardial biopsy specimens and was compared with the degree of myocardial 11C-PiB uptake on PET. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, heart transplantation, and acute decompensated heart failure. RESULTS: The degree of myocardial 11C-PiB PET uptake was significantly higher in the cardiac amyloidosis patients compared with normal subjects and correlated well with the degree of amyloid deposit on histology (R2 = 0.343, p < 0.001). During follow-up (median: 423 days, interquartile range: 93 to 1,222 days), 24 patients experienced the primary endpoint. When the cardiac amyloidosis patients were divided into tertiles by the degree of myocardial 11C-PiB PET uptake, patients with the highest PiB uptake experienced the worst clinical event-free survival (log-rank p = 0.014). The degree of myocardial PiB PET uptake was a significant predictor of clinical outcome on multivariate Cox regression analysis (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.185; 95% confidence interval: 1.054 to 1.332; p = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: These proof-of-concept results show that noninvasive evaluation of myocardial amyloid load by 11C-PiB PET reflects the degree of amyloid deposit and is an independent predictor of clinical outcome in AL cardiac amyloidosis patients.


Assuntos
Amiloidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Idoso , Compostos de Anilina , Biópsia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Tiazóis
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