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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status in primary and recurrent glioblastoma may change during treatment. The purpose of this study was to correlate MGMT promoter methylation status changes with DWI and DSC PWI features in patients with recurrent glioblastoma after standard treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and November 2016, forty patients with histologically confirmed recurrent glioblastoma were enrolled. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the MGMT promoter methylation status for the initial and recurrent tumors: 2 groups whose MGMT promoter methylation status remained, group methylated (n = 13) or group unmethylated (n = 18), and 1 group whose MGMT promoter methylation status changed from methylated to unmethylated (n = 9). Normalized ADC and normalized relative CBV values were obtained from both the enhancing and nonenhancing regions, from which histogram parameters were calculated. The ANOVA and the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by post hoc tests were performed to compare histogram parameters among the 3 groups. The t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare parameters between group methylated and group methylated to unmethylated. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to measure the predictive performance of the normalized relative CBV values between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Group methylated to unmethylated showed significantly higher means and 90th and 95th percentiles of the cumulative normalized relative CBV values of the nonenhancing region of the initial tumor than group methylated and group unmethylated (all P < .05). The mean normalized relative CBV value of the nonenhancing region of the initial tumor was the best predictor of methylation status change (P < .001), with a sensitivity of 77.78% and specificity of 92.31% at a cutoff value of 2.594. CONCLUSIONS: MGMT promoter methylation status might change in recurrent glioblastoma after standard treatment. The normalized relative CBV values of the nonenhancing region at the first preoperative MR imaging were higher in the MGMT promoter methylation change group from methylation to unmethylation in recurrent glioblastoma.

2.
Int J Cosmet Sci ; 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lip skin dryness and chapping are major concerns related to lip skin care in many populations. The distinctive features of lip skin, such as the low water-holding capacity and weak skin barrier, are strongly associated with these problems; however, few studies have examined lip skin characteristics and the mechanisms underlying these issues. This study was conducted to identify the biophysical properties of dry lip skin and molecular targets affecting lip skin physiology. METHODS: Skin hydration, trans-epidermal water loss, and lip skin scaling were evaluated in 40 female subjects. Skin scaling was assessed as a percentage area divided into five categories (G0, G1, G2, G3, and G4) according to the thickness level of tape-stripped corneocytes. The activities and amounts of proteases, cathepsin D, and bleomycin hydrolase, were measured as markers for the desquamation process and skin hydration, respectively. RESULTS: Skin hydration showed a significantly positive correlation with the percentage area of evenly thin corneocytes (G0) and negative correlations with the percentage areas of slightly thick to severely thick corneocytes (G1-G4). The corneocyte unevenness ratio (CUR) was calculated by dividing the sum of the G1, G2, G3, and G4 values with the G0 value. The CUR was significantly negatively correlated with skin hydration, suggesting that CUR is a new parameter representing the severity of lip scaling. Subjects with lower hydration and higher CUR had higher bleomycin hydrolase activity and lower cathepsin D activity, respectively, than subjects with higher hydration and lower CUR. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed a correlation between lip skin hydration and severity of lip scaling and verified the association of protease activity with the hydration and chapping state of lip skin. These observations provide a basis for further studies of the persistent problem of lip skin dryness and chapping.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(4): 047403, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576652

RESUMO

We characterize the coherent dynamics of a two-level quantum emitter driven by a pair of symmetrically detuned phase-locked pulses. The promise of dichromatic excitation is to spectrally isolate the excitation laser from the quantum emission, enabling background-free photon extraction from the emitter. While excitation is not possible without spectral overlap between the exciting pulse and the quantum emitter transition for ideal two-level systems due to cancellation of the accumulated pulse area, we find that any additional interactions that interfere with cancellation of the accumulated pulse area may lead to a finite stationary population inversion. Our spectroscopic results of a solid-state two-level system show that, while coupling to lattice vibrations helps to improve the inversion efficiency up to 50% under symmetric driving, coherent population control and a larger amount of inversion are possible using asymmetric dichromatic excitation, which we achieve by adjusting the ratio of the intensities between the red- and blue-detuned pulses. Our measured results, supported by simulations using a real-time path-integral method, offer a new perspective toward realizing efficient, background-free photon generation and extraction.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531269

RESUMO

Rotation-advancement repair (RAR) has been the most widely used technique for unilateral cleft lip repair. We recently used a straight-line repair with medial orbicularis muscle lengthening (SLR-ml) technique, based on the hypothesis that it could minimize the postoperative scar appearance without causing s short-lip deformity when muscle reorientation is performed correctly. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on unilateral complete cleft lip patients who underwent cheiloplasty between 2009 and 2017. Two cheiloplasty techniques were compared: RAR and SLR-ml. Outcomes were evaluated by assessing follow-up photographs using three methods: (1) glance impression on a five-point scale, (2) Manchester Scar Scale, and (3) indirect anthropometry. Seventy-one patients were analysed: 41 in the RAR group (28 male, 13 female) and 30 in the SLR-ml group (15 male, 15 female). The glance impression (P=0.506) and Manchester Scar Scale (P=0.347) scores did not differ between the groups. According to the symmetry ratio (cleft side value/non-cleft side value), vertical lip height (P=0.804), horizontal lip length (P=0.881), and Cupid's bow width (P=0.122) did not differ significantly between the groups. The preoperative lip height discrepancy was not correlated with the postoperative vertical lip height. The SLR-ml method can be regarded as a successful tool for symmetric repair of unilateral cleft lip.

5.
Tech Coloproctol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33594627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term outcomes of minimally invasive lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPND) are not completely known. The aim of this study was to compare long-term outcomes between robotic and laparoscopic LPND in low rectal cancer patients with suspected lymph node metastasis in the pelvic sidewall. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all rectal cancer patients who had laparoscopic or robotic total mesorectal excision (TME) with LPND between March 2006 and June 2016. Stage IV patients were excluded. The outcomes of patients who had laparoscopic and robotic TME with LPND were compared. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients had laparoscopic LPND and 70 had robotic LPND. No significant differences in patient characteristics were observed between the two groups. The urinary retention rate was lower in the robotic group than in the laparoscopic group (7.1% vs. 24.1%; p = 0.043). During a median follow-up of 44.3 months, the overall recurrence rates were 48.3% and 31.4% in the laparoscopic and robotic groups, respectively (p = 0.175). The 5-year disease-free survival rates were 50.4% and 67.0% in the laparoscopic and robotic groups, respectively (p = 0.227). The 5-year overall survival rates were 65.0% and 92.2% in the laparoscopic and robotic groups, respectively (p = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: Robotic TME with LPND is safe and feasible. In particular, it is associated with lower urinary retention. Robotic TME with LPND might yield a similar local recurrence rate and 5-year disease-free survival, but favorable long-term overall survival as compared to the laparoscopic approach. However, considering the retrospective nature and both major variables of TME and LPND involved together, this should be cautiously interpreted.

6.
Sci Adv ; 7(6)2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33536209

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by impaired learning of social skills and language. Memories of how parents and other social models behave are used to guide behavioral learning. How ASD-linked genes affect the intertwined aspects of observational learning and behavioral imitation is not known. Here, we examine how disrupted expression of the ASD gene FOXP1, which causes severe impairments in speech and language learning, affects the cultural transmission of birdsong between adult and juvenile zebra finches. FoxP1 is widely expressed in striatal-projecting forebrain mirror neurons. Knockdown of FoxP1 in this circuit prevents juvenile birds from forming memories of an adult song model but does not interrupt learning how to vocally imitate a previously memorized song. This selective learning deficit is associated with potent disruptions to experience-dependent structural and synaptic plasticity in mirror neurons. Thus, FoxP1 regulates the ability to form memories essential to the cultural transmission of behavior.

7.
J Dent Res ; : 22034520986097, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478309

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the causal association of periodontal disease with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke, after controlling for various confounders among the Korean population. A retrospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort (NHIS-HEALS) was performed during 2002 to 2015 (baseline: 2002 to 2005; follow-up: 2006 to 2015) in the Republic of Korea. A total of 298,128 participants with no history of AMI or stroke were followed up for 10 y. AMI and stroke were defined by a diagnosis using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) guideline. Periodontal condition was classified into 3 groups (healthy, moderate periodontal disease, severe periodontal disease [SPD]) using the combination of ICD codes, treatment codes in the NHIS, and recommendation of periodontal treatment by the dentists in HEALS. Various confounders, such as sociodemographic, behavioral, systemic, and oral health factors, including hypercholesterolemia, were considered. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was applied to estimate adjusted incidence rate ratio (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]) based on person-year of periodontal condition for AMI, stroke, and nonfatal major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) encompassing AMI or stroke controlling for various confounders. Stratified analyses according to age group, sex, and toothbrushing frequency were also performed. After controlling for various confounders, participants with SPD compared with non-SPD participants had a higher incidence by 11% for AMI (aHR, 1.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.20), by 3.5% for stroke (aHR, 1.035; 95% CI, 1.01-1.07), and by 4.1% for MACEs (aHR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.01-1.07). The association of SPD with AMI and MACE was highly modified in females and adults aged 40 to 59 y. In the total Korean population, SPD increased total AMI events by 4.3%, total stroke events by 1.4%, and the total MACEs by 1.6%. Our data confirmed that SPD was causally associated with the new events of AMI and stroke.

8.
Public Health ; 190: 23-29, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338899

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether there are any differences in all-cause and cause-specific mortality with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk between health screening attenders and non-attenders among young adults. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study using claim data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. METHODS: Individuals aged 20-39 years who had received health screening at least once between 2002 and 2005 were classified as attenders, and the others were classified as non-attenders. After propensity score matching according to attendance of health screening, 2,060,409 attenders and 2,060,409 non-attenders were included. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and hospitalization of CVD from 2006 to 2015. RESULTS: Survival from all-cause mortality was greater among attenders than among non-attenders (log rank P < 0.001). Similarly, death from CVD (log rank P = 0.007) and CVD events (log rank P < 0.001) were less likely among attenders. The risk for all-cause mortality in attenders was significantly lower than that in non-attenders (HR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.81 to 0.84). The risk for CVD mortality (HR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.73 to 0.87) and hospitalization of CVD (HR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.91 to 0.94) were lower in attenders. In stratified analyses, the risk for all-cause and cause-specific mortalities was lower among attenders regardless of insurance type. CONCLUSIONS: Among young adults, the risk for all-cause mortality, CVD mortality, and hospitalization of CVD were lower for those who underwent health screenings. Future studies that evaluate the cost-effectiveness of health screening with additional consideration of psychosocial aspects are needed.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte/tendências , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/economia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Affect Disord ; 281: 695-707, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Executive function (EF) difficulties characterise a number of psychiatric conditions and EF impairment may be a predisposing factor and/or consequence of anxiety and stress. The aim of the study was to examine EF factors in a mixed clinical cohort (Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder) characterised by social impairment and investigate the influence of trait anxiety and state-based depression, anxiety and stress. METHODS: In Study 1, a factor analysis identified EF and non-EF latent factor structures (N=205). In Study 2, (N=137) multiple regression analyses investigated the association between trait anxiety and state based depression, anxiety and stress, on EF and non-EF cognitive domains and on the two composite indices of the Behavioural Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF). RESULTS: Trait anxiety was associated with better performance on neuropsychological measures of EF while state-based stress was associated with lower EF performance. A dissociation was observed between trait anxiety and state stress on the two behavioural indices of the BRIEF. Depression, anxiety and stress did not predict performance on non-EF cognitive domains. LIMITATIONS: The cross-sectional design precludes cause-effect conclusions, further only self-report measures of affect were utilised and our performance measures of EF did not include a working memory test. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that trait anxiety and state-based stress influence EF processes across disorders with social impairment. The transdiagnostic efficacy of this finding can facilitate remediation strategies, it may also contribute to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder gaining better access to mental health services.

10.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33256975

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the image quality and radiation dose of ultralow-dose (ULD) and low-dose (LD) lower-extremity computed tomography (CT) angiography (LE-CTA) using the advanced modelled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE) algorithm to detect peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in comparison with standard-dose (SD) CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seven consecutive patients were examined using LE-CTA at 70 kVp and a dual-source scanner to achieve three image sets using 30% (ULD), 70% (LD), and 100% (SD) tube loads. Qualitative analysis was conducted by examining the three image sets for overall quality. The image quality of arterial segments was analysed by two independent readers. In addition, the CT dose index (CTDIvol) was measured in the three image sets. RESULTS: The mean overall quality scores were 3.4±0.6 for ULD CT, 3.9±0.3 for LD CT, and 3.9±0.2 for SD CT. Both readers scored the arterial segments as 2-4 (adequate-excellent) in the three image sets. In addition, 89.4% (93/104) and 54.8% (57/104) segments of PAD with calcified plaques were scored 4 between SD and LD CT and between SD and ULD CT, respectively, and 45.2% (47/104) segments had a lower score by one point in ULD CT compared with SD CT. The mean CTDIvol was 4.1±1.1 mGy for SD CT, 2.9±0.8 mGy for LD CT, and 1.2±0.3 mGy for ULD CT. CONCLUSIONS: LD/ULD CT at 70 kVp using ADMIRE reconstruction enables a reduction in the radiation dose while enabling adequate evaluation or follow-up of PAD based on LE-CTA.

11.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334554

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transarterial embolisation (TAE) of dorsal pancreatic artery (DPA) haemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients (M:F = 16:3, mean age 59.6 years) who underwent TAE of DPA in three tertiary medical centres between January 2001 to January 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Angiographic features and the technical and clinical outcomes of TAE were analysed. RESULTS: The clinical presentations were a bloody drain from the Jackson-Pratt drainage tube (n=8), melaena (n=7), abdominal pain (n=4), and haematochezia (n=3). Angiographic findings included pseudoaneurysm (n=14), contrast media extravasation (n=4), or abrupt cut-off of the arterial branch (n=1). The NBCA (N-butyl-cyanoacrylate; n=4), microcoils (n=4), and a combination of these agents (n=7) were used as embolic agents. The most common origin of the DPA in the present study cohort was the splenic artery (n=7), followed by the coeliac trunk (n=4), common hepatic artery (n=4), and superior mesenteric artery (n=4). Technical and clinical success rates were 100% and 84.2% (16/19), respectively. Of the three clinically unsuccessful cases, two patients were revealed to have newly developed bleeding from another artery. The other patient expired 1 day after the TAE procedure due to a progression of hepatic failure. In one patient, an asymptomatic non-target embolisation occurred in the right posterior tibial artery as a procedure-related complication. No major complications were observed. CONCLUSION: TAE is safe and effective for the management of bleeding from the DPA. It is important to be aware of the DPA as a potential bleeding source, including the relevant clinical characteristics.

12.
Acta Virol ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151741

RESUMO

The methods for expansion of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV)-specific T lymphocytes are limited due to the complex culture process, long culture duration, and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) restriction. Here, we report that in vitro stimulation with pp65 kDa phosphoprotein (pp65)-derived overlapping synthetic peptides rapidly generates large numbers of HCMV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) regardless of HLA type. Treatment of PBMCs from healthy volunteers expressing HLA-A*02:01 or HLA-A*24:02 with 138 pp65 overlapping peptides (OLP) resulted in an expansion of HCMV pp65 NLVPMVATV (NLV) pentamer-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes that expressed interferon (IFN)-γ, but the pp65 NLV peptide did not generate HCMV-specific CD8+ T lymphocytes in PBMCs obtained from an HLA-A*24:02 donor due to HLA restriction. The OLP-induced T lymphocytes specific for HCMV derived from PBMCs of HLA-A*02:01- and HLA-A*24:02-expressing donors showed effective cytolytic responses against target cells loaded with OLP or the NLV epitope, but pp65 NLV peptide-induced T lymphocytes did not. Phenotypic analyses demonstrated that OLP increased the frequency of CD3+ CD8+ cells, but not CD3+ CD4+, CD14+, or CD56+ cells, in donor PBMCs. Thus, this study provides evidence that in vitro stimulation with OLP efficiently generates sufficient numbers of HCMV pp65-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes for adoptive cell therapy. Keywords: human cytomegalovirus; cytotoxic T lymphocyte; overlapping peptides; pp65; cytotoxicity.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33154073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited evidence has suggested that a deep learning automatic brain segmentation and classification method, based on T1-weighted brain MR images, can predict Alzheimer disease. Our aim was to develop and validate a deep learning-based automatic brain segmentation and classification algorithm for the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease using 3D T1-weighted brain MR images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A deep learning-based algorithm was developed using a dataset of T1-weighted brain MR images in consecutive patients with Alzheimer disease and mild cognitive impairment. We developed a 2-step algorithm using a convolutional neural network to perform brain parcellation followed by 3 classifier techniques including XGBoost for disease prediction. All classification experiments were performed using 5-fold cross-validation. The diagnostic performance of the XGBoost method was compared with logistic regression and a linear Support Vector Machine by calculating their areas under the curve for differentiating Alzheimer disease from mild cognitive impairment and mild cognitive impairment from healthy controls. RESULTS: In a total of 4 datasets, 1099, 212, 711, and 705 eligible patients were included. Compared with the linear Support Vector Machine and logistic regression, XGBoost significantly improved the prediction of Alzheimer disease (P < .001). In terms of differentiating Alzheimer disease from mild cognitive impairment, the 3 algorithms resulted in areas under the curve of 0.758-0.825. XGBoost had a sensitivity of 68% and a specificity of 70%. In terms of differentiating mild cognitive impairment from the healthy control group, the 3 algorithms resulted in areas under the curve of 0.668-0.870. XGBoost had a sensitivity of 79% and a specificity of 80%. CONCLUSIONS: The deep learning-based automatic brain segmentation and classification algorithm allowed an accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer disease using T1-weighted brain MR images. The widespread availability of T1-weighted brain MR imaging suggests that this algorithm is a promising and widely applicable method for predicting Alzheimer disease.

14.
Int Endod J ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090483

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the type of vesicular glutamate transporter (VGLUT)-immunopositive (+) axons that coexpress neuropeptides in the rat and human dental pulp, which may help understand peripheral mechanism of pulpal inflammatory pain in rats and humans. METHODOLOGY: The trigeminal ganglia (TG) and the dental pulp of the maxillary molar teeth from three male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 300-330 g and dental pulps of three healthy human (male) maxillary premolar teeth from three 16- to 28-year-old patients extracted for orthodontic treatment were used. The type of VGLUT+ axons that coexpress substance P (SP)- and/or calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and parvalbumin in the rat TG and in the axons of the rat and the human dental pulp was examined by double fluorescence immunohistochemistry and quantitative analysis. Results were analyzed by One-way ANOVA and the Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: SP and CGRP were expressed in many human VGLUT1+ pulpal axons but not in the rat VGLUT1+ TG neurons and pulpal axons (P<0.05). While SP and CGRP were expressed in a considerable number of human VGLUT2+ pulpal axons and also in many rat TG neurons and pulpal axons. The fraction of VGLUT1+ axons expressing parvalbumin was about three times higher in the rat than in the human dental pulp (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the types of VGLUT+ axons, which release neuropeptides, may be different between the rat and the human dental pulp, raising a possibility that peripheral mechanism of pulpal inflammatory pain may be different between rats and humans.

15.
Colorectal Dis ; 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866340

RESUMO

AIM: The main aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of a conventional colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in which submucosal dissection was continued throughout until the completion of resection (ESD-T) to hybrid endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD-H) in the colorectum. METHOD: Medical records of 836 colorectal neoplasia patients treated by ESD-T or ESD-H were reviewed. ESD-H was defined as colorectal ESD with additional snaring in the final stage of the procedure. Primary outcomes were the overall and metastatic recurrence rates. Secondary outcomes were short-term outcomes such as the en bloc resection rate, procedure time and adverse events. RESULTS: The overall recurrence rate was higher in the ESD-H than in the ESD-T group (5.7% vs 0.7%, P = 0.001). The metastatic recurrence rate showed no significant difference between these groups (1.4% vs 1.4%, P = 1.000). Multivariate analysis revealed that a failed en bloc resection (hazard ratio 24.097; 95% CI 5.446-106.237; P < 0.001) and larger tumour size (hazard ratio 1.042; 95% CI 1.014-1.070; P = 0.003) were independently associated with overall recurrence. The ESD-H group showed a lower en bloc resection rate (56.8% vs 96.5%, P < 0.001), shorter procedure time (45.6 vs 54.3 min, P < 0.001) and higher perforation rate (10.3% vs 6.0%, P = 0.029). CONCLUSION: Although long-term outcomes in terms of overall recurrence are inferior following ESD-H, a failed en bloc resection and large tumour size are the only independent risk factors for recurrence. Further investigations are warranted to improve the long-term outcomes of ESD-H.

17.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 238-242, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molar Incisor Malformation (MIM) or Molar Root Incisor malformation (MRIM) is a recently discovered root malformation with constricted pulp and abnormally located furcation presented in permanent first molars and sometimes incisors. CASE REPORT: Two cases that feature MIM are presented with the description of the characteristic tooth form, clinical/radiographic examination, medical history, the supposed aetiology, treatment procedure and results at the 2-year follow-up. Conservative endodontic treatment was performed in both cases, furcation perforation and canal perforation were filled with MTA (Mineral Trioxide Aggregate), and a good prognosis was observed after 2 years of follow-up. Furthermore, recommended treatment options are discussed to provide a more appropriate treatment for the patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with MIM need to be treated at the right time to avoid severe infection and other problems. Early diagnosis with appropriate treatment is more likely to lead to a more favourable prognosis.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Compostos de Alumínio , Compostos de Cálcio , Polpa Dentária , Cavidade Pulpar , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Óxidos , Silicatos , Raiz Dentária
18.
Clin Exp Dermatol ; 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974941

RESUMO

Systemic contact dermatitis (SCD) develops when a person who was previously sensitized to an allergen is exposed to the same allergen via the systemic route. In East Asia, the use of lacquer for polishing furniture is common and a part of the traditional culture. Contact exposure to tableware polished with Rhus lacquer may lead to sensitization. In Korea, SCD is commonly observed after systemic exposure to Rhus, a nutritious food item consumed because of the common belief of it improving the immune system. In this study, we reviewed the medical records of 21 Korean patients with SCD caused by Rhus ingestion. We found that the most significant epidemiological factor for SCD was the season of the year. Furthermore, 66.67% of the patients presented with leucocytosis and 23.81% showed increased liver enzyme levels. It is important to educate people on the risks associated with the systemic ingestion of Rhus.

19.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948314

RESUMO

AIM: To determine if bronchovascular bundle (BVB) thickening on pretreatment computed tomography (CT) images helps predict survival in patients with peripheral small cell lung cancer (pSCLC) ≤3 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pretreatment CT examinations of 79 histopathologically proven pSCLC ≤3 cm (TNM stage I, 21; II, 13; III, 22; IV, 23) were reviewed retrospectively. The CT characteristics of the nodule and associated findings, including BVB thickening, were evaluated. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and brain metastasis-free survival were compared with the presence of BVB thickening using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Among the 79 patients, 34 (43%) had BVB thickening. BVB thickening was prevalent in patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis (50.9% versus 22.7%; p=0.024) and distant metastasis (60.9% versus 35.7%; p=0.049). Out of the 21 patients with TNM stage IA disease, the 16 patients (76.2%) without BVB thickening showed better PFS, OS, and brain metastasis-free survival (mean, 1,762 versus 483 days; p=0.019: 2,243 versus 1,328 days; p=0.038: 2,274 versus 1,287 days; p=0.038, respectively). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the absence of BVB thickening (hazard ratio [HR], 7.806; 95% CI, 1.241-49.091; p=0.029) and surgery (HR, 0.075; 95% CI, 0.008-0.746; p=0.027) were independent and useful prognostic factors for PFS. CONCLUSIONS: BVB thickening was found more frequently in patients with advanced-stage pSCLC ≤3 cm, and the PFS was more favourable in patients without BVB thickening, with a similar tendency to that of OS and brain metastasis-free survival, in stage IA pSCLC.

20.
JDR Clin Trans Res ; : 2380084420960419, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940115

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The benefits of community water fluoridation for preventing dental caries are attenuated if people do not consume tap water. OBJECTIVES: We examined associations between household water fluoride content and consuming plain tap or bottled water among US youth. METHODS: We used National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data for 2013 to 2016 for 5,193 youth aged 2 to 19 y. Fluoride content in youth's household tap water samples was measured electrometrically with ion-specific electrodes and designated low (<0.6 mg/L) or about optimal (0.6 to 1.2 mg/L). Plain tap and bottled water consumption was obtained from one 24-h dietary recall. We used binomial regression models to estimate adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) and 95% CIs for consuming plain tap water (including tap only or both tap and bottled) and consuming only bottled water as related to household water fluoride content (low or about optimal) and sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: On a given day, 52.6% of youth consumed plain tap water (43.8% exclusively and 8.8% both tap and bottled) and 28%, only bottled water. Neither tap water (APR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.84 to 1.10) nor only bottled water (APR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.86 to 1.22) consumption was associated with household water fluoride content. Non-Hispanic Black youth and Hispanic youth were about 30% relatively less likely to consume tap water and 60% to 80% relatively more likely to consume only bottled water than non-Hispanic Whites. Low income, low parental education, and no past-year dental visit were associated with not consuming tap water. CONCLUSION: Half of youth consumed plain tap water on a given day. Consuming plain tap water was not associated with community water fluoridation status. This study is the first to find that up to 50% of the population served by fluoridated water may not receive its full caries-preventive benefits due to not consuming plain tap water. KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: Half of US youth consumed plain tap water on a given day. Consuming plain tap water was not associated with community water fluoridation status. This finding suggests that up to 50% of the population served by fluoridated water systems may not receive its full caries-preventive benefits due to not consuming plain tap water. Our findings add support for the need to identify and address barriers to tap water consumption and promote health benefits of fluoridation.

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