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2.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(19): e020671, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558290

RESUMO

Background There is emerging evidence that rosacea, a chronic cutaneous inflammatory disease, is associated with various systemic diseases. However, its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains controversial. We aimed to investigate whether patients with rosacea are at increased risk of developing CVD. Methods and Results This retrospective cohort study from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort included patients with newly diagnosed rosacea (n=2681) and age-, sex-, and index year-matched reference populations without rosacea (n=26 810) between 2003 and 2014. The primary outcome was subsequent CVD including coronary heart disease and stroke. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate adjusted hazard ratios for subsequent CVD adjusted for major risk factors of CVD. Compared with the reference population (13 410 women; mean [SD] age, 57.7 [9.2] years), patients with rosacea (1341 women; mean [SD] age, 57.7 [9.2] years) displayed an increased risk for CVD (adjusted hazard ratios, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.03-1.40) and coronary heart disease (adjusted hazard ratios, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.05-1.60). The risk for stroke was not significantly elevated (adjusted hazard ratios, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.91-1.37). Conclusions This study suggests that patients with rosacea are more likely to develop subsequent CVD. Proper education for patients with rosacea to manage other modifiable risk factors of CVD along with rosacea is needed.

3.
J Obes Metab Syndr ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504046

RESUMO

Background: Although several studies have assessed obesity and cognitive impairment, most of these studies focus on body mass index (BMI) and cognitive impairment. Therefore to better understand the importance of weight maintenance with aging, this study investigated the relationship between variations in weight and cognitive impairment using the Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) in individuals aged 45 years or older in Korea. Methods: Data on 3,477 adults with normal cognitive function (K-MMSE ≥24) at baseline were acquired from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) 2006-2016. The association between weight variability and risk of cognitive impairment was assessed using multiple logistic regression models. We also assessed weight variability and change in cognitive function over the 6-year follow-up using multiple linear regression. Results: Overall, higher variations in BMI were associated with cognitive impairment. Patients in the quintile with the highest variation (Q5) in BMI (mean of BMI changes, 2.69) showed the greatest degree of cognitive impairments (adjusted odds ratio, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.08-2.14; P-trend=0.016). Furthermore, a higher frequency in the number of times (3 times) the patient's body weight changed was associated with a lower cognitive function (adjusted odds ratio, 3.42; 95% CI, 1.67-7.03; P-trend<0.001). Conclusion: In this nationally representative study, weight variability was associated with a higher risk of cognitive decline during mid- and late-life stages.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360285

RESUMO

The association of short-term particulate matter concentration with cardiovascular disease (CVD) among cancer survivors is yet unclear. Using the National Health Insurance Service database from South Korea, the study population consisted of 22,864 5-year cancer survivors with CVD events during the period 2015-2018. Using a time-stratified case-crossover design, each case date (date of incident CVD) was matched with three or four referent dates, resulting in a total of 101,576 case and referent dates. The daily average particulate matter 10 (PM10), 2.5 (PM2.5), and 2.5-10 (PM2.5-10) on the day of case or referent date (lag0), 1-3 days before the case or referent date (lag1, lag2, and lag3), and the mean value 0-3 days before the case or referent date (lag0-3) were determined. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for CVD according to quartiles of PM10, PM2.5, and PM2.5-10. Compared to the 1st (lowest) quartile of lag0-3 PM10, the 4th (highest) quartile of lag0-3 PM10 was associated with higher odds for CVD (aOR 1.13, 95% CI 1.06-1.21). The 4th quartiles of lag1 (aOR 1.12, 95% CI 1.06-1.19), lag2 (aOR 1.09, 95% CI 1.03-1.16), lag3 (aOR 1.06, 95% CI 1.00-1.12), and lag0-3 (aOR 1.11, 95% CI 1.05-1.18) PM2.5 were associated with higher odds for CVD compared to the respective 1st quartiles. Similarly, the 4th quartile of lag0-3 PM2.5-10 was associated with higher CVD events (aOR 1.11, 95% CI 1.03-1.19) compared to the 1st quartile. Short-term exposure to high levels of PM may be associated with increased CVD risk among cancer survivors.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
6.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363028

RESUMO

Multikinase inhibitors, such as sorafenib, are used for the treatment of advanced carcinomas but the response shows limited efficacy or varies a lot with patients. Here we adopted the systems approach combined with high-throughput data analysis to discover key mechanism embedded in the drug response. When analyzing the transcriptomic data from the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) database, endothelin 1 (EDN1) was enriched in cancer cells with low responsiveness to sorafenib. We found that the level of EDN1 is higher in the tissue and blood of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients showing poor response to sorafenib. In vitro experiment showed that EDN1 not only induces activation of angiogenic-promoting pathways in HCC cells but also stimulates proliferation and migration. Moreover, EDN1 is related with poor responsiveness to sorafenib by mitigating unfolded protein response (UPR), which was validated in both transcriptomic data analysis and in silico simulation. Finally, we found that endothelin receptor B (EDNRB) antagonists can enhance the efficacy of sorafenib in both HCC cells and xenograft mouse models. Our findings provide that EDN1 is a novel diagnostic marker for sorafenib responsiveness in HCC and a basis for testing macitentan, which is currently used for pulmonary artery hypertension, in combination with sorafenib in advanced HCC patients.

7.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419516

RESUMO

RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Although existing studies have reported adverse health outcomes following kidney donation, its socioeconomic impact on living donors requires further study. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study including a matched comparison group. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 1,285 living kidney donors from seven tertiary hospitals between 2003 and 2016, and a matched comparison group consisting of the same number of health screening examinees with similar baseline clinical characteristics and socioeconomic status. All participants were receiving Korean national health insurance. EXPOSURES: Kidney donation as reflected in the Korean National Health Insurance System (NHIS) database. OUTCOMES: Changes in household economic status estimated by Korean national health insurance fees and changes in employment status reflected in the NHIS database. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: The outcomes of the donor group and matched control group were compared annually using multivariable logistic regression analyses adjusted for clinical and demographic characteristics. RESULTS: The median ages of the donors and matched controls were 45 and 46 years, respectively; 44.6% of both groups were male. Compared to the comparison group, living donors were at higher risk of being unemployed or losing employment during the first two years after donation [e.g., first-year loss of employment, odds ratio (OR) 2.27 (1.55-3.33)]; however, this association did not persist. Donors also had a significantly lower odds of improvement in economic status [OR 0.57 (0.47-0.71)] and a higher odds of deterioration in financial status [OR 1.54 (1.23-1.93)] in the first year following transplantation and subsequently. LIMITATIONS: Unmeasured differences between donors and matched controls creating residual selection bias and confounding. CONCLUSIONS: Living kidney donors may suffer loss of employment and poor economic status after their voluntary donation. The socioeconomic impact on these donors should be considered in conjunction with the potential long-term adverse health outcomes following donation.

8.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 16(1): 116, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241736

RESUMO

Electrospinning is a common and versatile process to produce nanofibers and deposit them on a collector as a two-dimensional nanofiber mat or a three-dimensional (3D) macroscopic arrangement. However, 3D electroconductive collectors with complex geometries, including protruded, curved, and recessed regions, generally caused hampering of a conformal deposition and incomplete covering of electrospun nanofibers. In this study, we suggested a conformal fabrication of an electrospun nanofiber mat on a 3D ear cartilage-shaped hydrogel collector based on hydrogel-assisted electrospinning. To relieve the influence of the complex geometries, we flattened the protruded parts of the 3D ear cartilage-shaped hydrogel collector by exploiting the flexibility of the hydrogel. We found that the suggested fabrication technique could significantly decrease an unevenly focused electric field, caused by the complex geometries of the 3D collector, by alleviating the standard deviation by more than 70% through numerical simulation. Furthermore, it was experimentally confirmed that an electrospun nanofiber mat conformally covered the flattened hydrogel collector with a uniform thickness, which was not achieved with the original hydrogel collector. Given that this study established the conformal electrospinning technique on 3D electroconductive collectors, it will contribute to various studies related to electrospinning, including tissue engineering, drug/cell delivery, environmental filter, and clothing.

9.
J Glaucoma ; 30(9): 834-838, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284429

RESUMO

PRECIS: In myopic eyes, reproducibility of circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer thickness measurement by optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed excellent reproducibility except for the temporal quadrant RNFL thickness measurement. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term reproducibility of circumpapillary RNFL and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (GCIPL) thickness measurements using OCT in myopic eyes. METHODS: Sixty-five eyes with moderate-to-high myopia (spherical equivalent <-3.0 D, myopia group) and 53 eyes with low-to-no myopia (spherical equivalent ≥-3.0 D, control group) without ocular disorders, such as glaucoma or retinal diseases, were included. Three serial OCT scans recorded at 1-year intervals were analyzed. Reproducibility was evaluated using within-subject SD (Sw), coefficient of variation (CVw), and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: Mean±SD refractive error was -0.30±0.80 and -6.26±2.45 D for control and myopia groups, respectively. The myopia group had thinner superior, inferior, and nasal quadrant RNFL, thicker temporal quadrant RNFL, and thinner GCIPL than the control group (P<0.05), except for the minimum and superotemporal GCIPL thicknesses (P>0.05). The myopia group had lower reproducibility in temporal quadrant RNFL thickness (Sw, 2.57 µm; CVw 3.27%; ICC, 0.979) than the control group (Sw, 1.80 µm; CVw 2.59%; ICC, 0.989), whereas in other sectors of RNFL and all GCIPL parameters, comparable reproducibility was observed between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term reproducibility of RNFL and GCIPL thickness measurements in moderate-to-high myopia was comparable to that of low-to-no myopia, except RNFL thickness in the temporal quadrant. These findings should be considered when detecting RNFL and GCIPL changes.

10.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 14(10): 1993-2004, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether the success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) increased with pre-procedural coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). BACKGROUND: Coronary CTA provides valuable information before and during CTO-PCI. However, there are no randomized data that explore whether coronary CTA increases its success rate. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized trial, a total of 400 patients with CTO were randomized to receive PCI with pre-procedural coronary CTA (coronary CTA-guided group; n = 200) or without coronary CTA (angiography-guided group; n = 200) between January 2014 and September 2019. The primary endpoint was the successful recanalization rate, a final TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) grade ≥2, and ≤30% residual stenosis on the final angiogram. RESULTS: A total of 10 operators performed PCI. Successful recanalization was achieved in 187 patients (93.5%) in the coronary CTA-guided group and in 168 patients (84.0%) in the angiography-guided group (absolute difference, 9.5% [95% confidence interval: 3.4% to 15.6%]; p = 0.003). When comparing the success rates according to the Multicenter CTO Registry of Japan score (J-CTO), the coronary CTA guidance was favored over the angiography-guidance in the subset of J-CTO ≥2 versus in the subset of J-CTO <2 (p interaction = 0.035). Coronary perforations occurred in 2 (1%) and 8 patients (4%) in the coronary CTA- and angiography-guided groups, respectively (p = 0.055). Periprocedural myocardial infarction was not observed in the coronary CTA-guided group, whereas it occurred in 4 patients (2%) in the angiography-guided group (p = 0.123). Total procedure and fluoroscopic times were not different. There were no differences between the groups in the occurrences of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or target-vessel revascularization at 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-procedural coronary CTA-guidance for CTO resulted in higher success rates with numerically fewer immediate periprocedural complications such as coronary perforations or periprocedural myocardial infarction than angiography guidance. Higher success rates were more prominently observed in patients with CTO who had a high J-CTO score than those who did not. (Role of CT Scan for the Successful Recanalization of Chronic Total Occlusion; a Randomized Comparison Between 3D CT-guided PCI vs. Conventional Treatment [CT-CTO Trial]; NCT02037698).

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34099441

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite extensive studies on the relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and depression, the associations of depressive symptom severity with prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of diabetes remain unclear. We aimed to investigate changes in these outcomes of diabetes as depressive symptoms aggravate. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 14 328 participants in the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Participants were classified into depressive symptom groups of none, mild, moderate, moderately severe, and severe depending on their Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scores. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted in three models adjusted for expanding confounders to evaluate the associations between severity of depressive symptoms and prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of DM. RESULTS: As depressive symptom severity worsened, both prevalence and awareness of DM increased regardless of models (p value for trend <0.01 in all models for prevalence and awareness; adjusted OR (aOR) 2.14, 95% CI 1.29 to 3.56 for prevalence in the severe group, model 1; aOR 2.43, 95% CI 1.27 to 4.64 for awareness in the moderately severe group, model 1). Notwithstanding higher awareness of diabetes in the moderately severe and severe groups (84.5% and 86.2%, respectively, vs 71.3% in the none group), these groups were treated less (aOR 0.25, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.55 in the severe group, model 3) or inadequately controlled (aOR 0.51, 95% CI 0.27 to 0.98 in the moderately severe group, model 3). CONCLUSIONS: The gap between patients' higher awareness and lower treatment rate or control of diabetes among individuals with severe depressive symptoms highlights the unmet needs for postdiagnostic multidisciplinary care for patients with comorbid depression and DM.


Assuntos
Depressão , Diabetes Mellitus , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência
12.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 710, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no evidence whether it is best to stop drinking alcohol at all or whether it is okay to drink a little in that light-to-moderate alcohol use was associated with low cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to non-drinker among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors, who are regarded as vulnerable to CVD. Therefore, we evaluated the association between alcohol consumption and incident CVD among long-term survivors of CRC. METHODS: This population-based, retrospective cohort study utilized data from the Korean National Insurance Service of 20,653 long-term survivors of CRC diagnosed between 2006 and 2012. Participants were followed up to the date of CVD, death, or December 31, 2018. All patients were categorized according to their daily alcohol consumption (g/day). The outcomes were incident CVD, including ischemic heart disease (IHD) and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards regression after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors and history of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. RESULTS: There was no association between alcohol consumption and incident CVD among long-term survivors of CRC. Additionally, hazardous alcohol consumption (≥ 40 g/day in male patients and ≥ 20 g/day in female patients) was associated with increased CVD, ischemic stroke, and hemorrhagic stroke (adjusted hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: 1.51 [1.15-1.97], 1.60 [1.03-2.48], and 2.65 [1.25-5.62], respectively) compared with non-drinkers. CONCLUSION: No discernable protective association was found between alcohol consumption and incident CVD for even light-to-moderate drinking among long-term survivors of CRC. Alcohol consumption ≥40 g/day in male patients and ≥ 20 g/day in female patients was associated with an increased risk of stroke compared with non-drinkers. These novel results provide useful evidence when advising survivors of CRC regarding alcohol use.

13.
J Clin Neurosci ; 89: 365-374, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088576

RESUMO

An understanding of the common MRI findings observed after decompression surgery is important. However, to date, no study addressing this has been published. The aim of this study was to analyze and describe the immediate postoperative MRI findings after lumbar decompression surgery. We retrospectively analyzed the immediate postoperative MRIs of 121 consecutive patients who underwent lumbar decompression surgery between July 2017 and June 2018. Changes in stenosis at the decompressed and adjacent levels, epidural fat edema, epidural and subdural fluid collections, nerve root swelling, facet joint effusions, intervertebral disc signal, and paravertebral muscle edema were correlated with clinical characteristics. Both groups had reduced central canal stenosis postoperatively (p < 0.001) but worsened stenosis at adjacent segments. Fluid collection, hemorrhagic or non-hemorrhagic, at the laminectomy site was the commonest finding (one-level: 73.8%, two-level: 88.5%), with a higher percentage of severe central canal compromise in the two-level decompression group (p = 0.003). Other postoperative MRI findings, such as epidural fat edema, nerve root swelling, subdural fluid collection, and facet joint effusion, were noted without statistical significance. In conclusion, even with successful decompression for lumbar canal stenosis, increased central canal stenosis at adjacent segments is common on immediate postoperative MRI scans, showing no statistically significant correlation with the immediate postoperative outcome. Postoperative fluid collection at the laminectomy site is the commonest imaging finding, and higher rates of hemorrhagic fluid and more severe central canal compromise occur in two-level decompression, but rarely cause clinical problems.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Espaço Epidural/cirurgia , Humanos , Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia
14.
J Cancer Surviv ; 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34138453

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer survivors are currently considered high-risk populations for cardiovascular disease. However, no studies have directly evaluated risks and benefits of physical activity for stroke among long-term colorectal cancer survivors. METHODS: This large-scale observational cohort study used data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. Newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients diagnosed between 2006 and 2013 who survived at least 5 years were studied. The primary outcome was stroke, including ischemic stroke and hemorrhage stroke. All patients were followed up to the date of stroke, death, or December 2018, whichever occurred earliest. RESULTS: Of 20,674 colorectal cancer survivors with a median age of 64 years, stroke occurred in 601 patients (2.9%). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity lowered stroke risk in 5-9 time/week group (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57-0.93; P=0.010), but not in ≥10 time/week group (aHR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.62-1.17; P=0.327). Walking also lowered stroke risk in 4-5 time/week group (aHR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.58-0.97; P=0.028), but not in ≥6 time/week group (aHR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.78-1.18; P=0.707). In addition, benefits of physical activity were maximized when carried out both moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and walking with moderate frequency (aHR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.60-0.97; P=0.027). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (5-9 time/week) and walking (4-5 time/week) significantly lowers the risk of stroke, whereas high-frequency physical activity reduces the benefits of physical activity. IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS: Physical activity with moderate frequency is important in the prevention of stroke for long-term colorectal cancer survivors.

15.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(4): 685-691, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of first, second, and third-line biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) and tofacitinib with drug survival among seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: The study population was composed of 8,018 seropositive RA patients who were prescribed bDMARDs or tofacitinib between January 2014 and January 2019 from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. First, second, and third-line choice of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) including etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab, and golimumab, as well as non-TNFi including tocilizumab, rituximab, tofacitinib, and abatacept were assessed. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to determine the adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for drug failure according to bDMARD or tofacitinib choice starting from the initial prescription date. RESULTS: Compared to first etanercept users, patients with first tocilizumab (aHR 0.56, 95% CI 0.46-0.68), tofacitinib (aHR 0.27, 95% CI 0.18-0.42), or abatacept (aHR 0.83, 95% CI 0.69-0.99) had lower risk of drug failure. Second choice of tocilizumab (aHR 0.38, 95% CI 0.25-0.55), tofacitinib (aHR 0.23, 95% CI 0.15-0.37), or abatacept (aHR 0.54, 95% CI 0.35-0.84) was associated with lower drug failure risk compared to second etanercept users. Finally, third choice of tocilizumab (aHR 0.32, 95% CI 0.16-0.62) or tofacitinib (aHR 0.35, 95% CI 0.19-0.63) was associated with lower drug failure risk compared to third TNFi users. CONCLUSION: First and second-line tocilizumab, tofacitinib, or abatacept may lead to improved drug survival. Third-line use of tocilizumab or tofacitinib may be beneficiary in reducing drug failure risk among seropositive RA patients.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10152, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980955

RESUMO

The association of fluctuations in body mass index with cardiovascular risk in long-term is not well understood. This study aimed to investigate cardiovascular outcomes of weight fluctuation. Total of 67,101 obese adults from the Korean National Health Insurance Service who received health examinations in three separate biennial periods were included. Participants were followed up from January 1, 2008 to the date of cardiovascular disease, death, or December 31, 2015, and categorized into 9 distinctive groups according to the BMI. Continuous weight gain showed an increased risk of overall cardiovascular disease (hazard ratio [HR], 2.36; P = 0.007), whereas weight loss after weight maintenance (HR, 0.91; P = 0.016) and weight maintenance after weight loss (HR, 0.91; P = 0.004) were ameliorative compared to the no weight change group. As for coronary heart disease, weight maintenance after weight gain was unfavorable (HR, 1.25; P = 0.004) while weight loss after weight maintenance (HR, 0.82; P < 0.001), weight cycling (HR, 0.83; P = 0.043), and weight maintenance after weight loss (HR, 0.88; P = 0.012) were beneficial. Weight maintenance after weight loss is beneficial for obese adults in terms of cardiovascular risks. In addition, weight loss is in part related to reduced risk of coronary heart disease despite weight cycling.

17.
Angiology ; : 33197211015534, 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982603

RESUMO

We evaluated the angiographic parameter and clinical outcomes of drug-coated balloon (DCB) to assess the optimal angiographic criteria in de novo small vessel disease (SVD). Patients (n = 424, mean age: 64.4 ± 11.2 years, men: 69.8%) at 20 sites in Korea were prospectively enrolled. The primary end point was late luminal loss (LLL) at 9-month follow-up angiography. Secondary end points included restenosis rates, target lesion failure (TLF), and DCB-related thrombosis during the 12-month follow-up period. We included 403 patients for analysis excluding 21 patients who required bailout stenting. Baseline mean reference vessel .diameter was 2.52 ± 0.39 mm and mean minimal luminal diameter (MLD) was 0.71 ± 0.40 mm. The mean MLD was 1.54 ± 0.37 mm after DCB. Late luminal loss was -0.01 ± 0.43 mm and restenosis was noted in 26 patients (12.2%). Minimal luminal diameter >1.6 mm and %diameter stenosis (DS) <45% after DCB was associated maintenance of MLD without LLL at 9-months. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that %DS at baseline and post-MLD was associated with the restenosis. During 12-month follow-up, TLF was 2.6% including 1 cardiac death, 1 myocardial infarction, and 10 ischemia-driven target lesion revascularizations. Drug-coated balloon showed a low restenosis and lower LLL despite high in-segment DS. Post-MLD and % DS may be helpful to get optimal results in de novo SVD after DCB.

18.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1187: 511-524, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33983597

RESUMO

The number of cancer survivors is increasing globally. More than 15.5 million Americans in 2016 and 1.3 million Koreans in 2013 were living with cancer history. This growing population is expected to increase due to marked development of cancer treatment and early detection. Especially, breast cancer is the second most common cancer in Korean women with relatively favorable 5-year survival rate. Cancer survivors generally face various physical, psychological, and social problems including late-effect or long-term effect after cancer treatment and high risk for second primary cancer and comorbid chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and bone health. Breast cancer survivors also encounter wide range of health problems. To satisfy their complex needs, comprehensive supports are required. We categorized the strategy of comprehensive care for breast cancer survivors into (1) Surveillance for primary cancer, (2) Screening of second primary cancer, (3) Management of comorbid health condition, (4) Promoting healthy lifestyle behaviors, and (5) Preventive care. In the future, studies for providing best comprehensive care for breast cancer survivors are needed according to the individuals' demand.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Sobreviventes , Estados Unidos
19.
Eur Spine J ; 30(5): 1215-1225, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine which motion analysis parameters regarding the dynamic aspects and/or balance affect the development acute proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) following adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. METHODS: A total of 90 consecutive patients were recruited prospectively, who underwent a corrective surgery for ASD with sagittal imbalance. According to the development of acute PJK within 6 months after surgery, the patients were divided into the PJK+ and PJK- groups. Before surgery, three-dimensional gait analyses were performed using a motion analysis system. The preoperative continuous and categorical variables were compared between the PJK+ and PJK- groups using independent t tests and chi-square tests, respectively. Finally, a multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the risk factors and calculate the odds ratio (OR) for acute PJK. RESULTS: A total of 20 and 70 patients were classified into the PJK+ and PJK- groups, respectively. There were no differences in the spinopelvic radiologic parameters pre- and postoperatively between the PJK+ and PJK- groups. The PJK+ group showed a significantly higher mean anterior pelvic tilt (Ant-PT) angle in preoperative motion analysis than the PJK- group (P = 0.001 for both sides). Multivariate analysis identified the mean Ant-PT angle (P = 0.047; OR 1.127; 95% CI 1.002-1.267) as a significant risk factor for acute PJK. CONCLUSION: Preoperative Ant-PT angle during walking was associated with a higher OR in acute PJK after surgery.


Assuntos
Cifose , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Humanos , Cifose/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Pelve , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 245, 2021 04 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33853530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salivary function has been suggested to be associated with cognitive impairment. However, the effect of salivary flow rate (SFR) on cognitive impairment remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether SFR is associated with cognitive impairment among Korean elders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 649 elders aged 65 and older in the Korean community-dwelling population. Cognitive impairment was assessed using the Mini-Mental Status Examination. Unstimulated SFR was measured and dichotomized. Denture status, age, sex, education level, smoking, drinking, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity were considered confounders. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the adjusted association. Stratified analysis by sex and denture status was performed to clarify the effect modification. RESULTS: Participants without cognitive impairment showed a higher SFR level than those with cognitive impairment (0.81 mL/min for non-cognitive impairment versus 0.52 mL/min for cognitive impairment, p < 0.001). After controlling for confounders, participants with low SFR (< 0.3 mL/min) were more likely to have cognitive impairment by 1.5 times than participants with normal SFR (odds ratio [OR] = 1.5, confidence interval [CI] = 1.05-2.10). The association of low SFR with cognitive impairment was higher in women and dentate participants: about 10% higher in women (OR = 1.63, CI = 1.07-2.50) and about 22% higher in dentate participants (OR = 1.82, CI = 1.41-2.90). CONCLUSIONS: Salivary flow rate is independently associated with cognitive impairment among Korean elders. The association was modified in females and dentate elders. Physicians and dentists should consider low SFR and cognitive impairment as a risk factor between them in clinics.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Salivação , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
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