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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(4): 404-415, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in Asia. Numerous risk factors associated with IBD development have been investigated. AIM: To investigate trends and environmental risk factors of Crohn's disease (CD) diagnosed in persons aged ≥ 40 years in South Korea. METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Service database, a total of 14060821 persons aged > 40 years who underwent national health screening in 2009 were followed up until December 2017. Patients with newly diagnosed CD were enrolled and compared with non-CD cohort. CD was identified according to the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision and the rare/intractable disease registration program codes from the National Health Insurance Service database. The mean follow-up periods was 7.39 years. Age, sex, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, alcohol consumption, regular exercise, body mass index, anemia, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and dyslipidemia were adjusted for in the multivariate analysis model. RESULTS: During the follow-up, 1337 (1.33/100000) patients developed CD. Men in the middle-aged group (40-64 years) had a higher risk than women [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.46, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.29-1.66]; however, this difference tended to disappear as the age of onset increases. In the middle-aged group, patients with a history of smoking [aHR 1.46, 95%CI: 1.19-1.79) and anemia (aHR 1.85, 95%CI: 1.55-2.20) had a significantly higher CD risk. In the elderly group (age, ≥ 65 years), ex-smoking and anemia also increased the CD risk (aHR 1.68, 95%CI: 1.22-2.30) and 1.84 (95%CI: 1.47-2.30, respectively). Especially in the middle-aged group, those with CKD had a statistically elevated CD risk (aHR 1.37, 95%CI: 1.05-1.79). Alcohol consumption and higher body mass index showed negative association trend with CD incidence in both of the age groups. [Middle-aged: aHR 0.77 (95%CI: 0.66-0.89) and aHR 0.73 (95%CI: 0.63-0.84), respectively] [Elderly-group: aHR 0.57 (95%CI: 0.42-0.78) and aHR 0.84 (95%CI 0.67-1.04), respectively]. For regular physical activity and dyslipidemia, negative correlation between CD incidences was proved only in the middle-aged group [aHR 0.88 (95%CI: 0.77-0.89) and aHR 0.81 (95%CI: 0.68-0.96), respectively]. CONCLUSION: History of cigarette smoking, anemia, underweight and CKD are possible risk factors for CD in Asians aged > 40 years.

2.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 51(4): 446-456, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationships between lipid profiles and IBD remain elusive. AIM: To determine the association of IBD with serum lipid profiles. METHODS: A nationwide population-based study was performed using claims data from the Korean National Healthcare Insurance service. A total of 9 706 026 subjects undergoing medical check-ups in 2009 were enrolled and followed up until 2016. Individuals who developed Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified during follow-up. Adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) by age, sex, body mass index, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise, income and underlying comorbidities was calculated to define the impact of serum lipid profiles on developing IBD. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, IBD was detected in 7,058 (0.07%) individuals. Compared with the highest quartile of serum total cholesterol (TC) levels, lower TC levels were associated with higher incidence of CD (aHR: Q1, 2.52; Q2, 1.52; Q3, 1.27), but not UC. Lower serum LDL-C levels were associated with higher incidence of CD (aHR: Q1, 1.92; Q2, 1.47; Q3, 1.22), but not UC. Moreover, lower serum HDL-C levels were associated with higher incidence of CD (aHR: Q1, 2.49; Q2, 1.90; Q3, 1.43), but not UC. In contrast, lower serum triglyceride levels were associated with higher incidence of UC (aHR: Q1, 1.22; Q2, 1.19; Q3, 1.19), but not CD. CONCLUSIONS: Low serum TC, LDL-C and HDL-C levels were associated with CD. Low serum triglyceride levels were related to UC.

3.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(2): 249-255, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The relationship between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remains unclear. We evaluated the risk for developing IPF in patients with IBD using a nationwide population-based study. METHODS: Using claims data from the National Health Insurance service in Korea, patients with IBD, including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), were identified through both the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and rare and intractable disease program codes from January 2010 to December 2013. We compared 38 921 IBD patients with age-matched and sex-matched individuals without IBD in a ratio of 1:3. Patients with newly diagnosed IPF were identified by both the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and rare and intractable disease registration codes. RESULTS: During a mean 4.9-year follow-up, the incidence of IPF in patients with IBD was 33.21 per 100 000 person-years. The overall risk of IPF was significantly higher in IBD patients than in non-IBD controls (hazard ratio [HR], 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-2.20; P = 0.003). In patients with CD, the incidence (per 100 000 person-years) of IPF was 26.04; in controls, the incidence was 9.15 (HR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.46-5.72; P = 0.002). The incidence of IPF in patients with UC tended to be higher than in controls (36.66 vs 26.54 per 100 000 person-years; 95% CI, 0.99-1.99; HR, 1.41; P = 0.066). The risk of developing IPF in patients with IBD was higher in male patients than in female patients (P = 0.093 in CD; P = 0.147 in UC by interaction analysis). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with IBD, especially CD, have an increased risk of developing IPF.

4.
Gut Liver ; 2019 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816672

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The risk for colonoscopic postpolypectomy bleeding (PPB) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) remains unclear. We determined the incidence and risk factors for colonoscopic PPB in patients with CLD, especially those with liver cirrhosis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with CLD who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy at Seoul National University Hospital between 2011 and 2014. The study endpoints were immediate and delayed PPB. Results: A total of 1,267 consecutive patients with CLD were included in the study. Immediate PPB occurred significantly more often in the Child-Pugh (CP) B or C cirrhosis group (17.5%) than in the CP-A (6.3%) and chronic hepatitis (4.6%) groups (p<0.001). Moreover, the incidence of delayed PPB in the CP-B or C cirrhosis group (4.4%) was significantly higher than that in the CP-A (0.7%) and chronic hepatitis (0.2%) groups (p<0.001). The independent risk factors for immediate PPB were CP-B or C cirrhosis (p=0.011), a platelet count <50,000/µL (p<0.001), 3 or more polyps (p=0.017), endoscopic mucosal resection or submucosal dissection (p<0.001), and polypectomy performed by trainees (p<0.001). The independent risk factors for delayed PPB were CP-B or C cirrhosis (p=0.009), and polyps >10 mm in size (p=0.010). Conclusions: Patients with CP-B or C cirrhosis had an increased risk for bleeding following colonoscopic polypectomy.

5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(42): 6354-6364, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a growing evidence regarding an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) among patients with airway diseases. AIM: To investigate the influence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the risk of IBD. METHODS: A nationwide, population-based study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Service database. A total of 1303021 patients with COPD and 6515105 non-COPD controls were identified. The COPD group was divided into the severe and the mild COPD group according to diagnostic criteria. The risk of IBD in patients with COPD compared to controls was analyzed by Cox proportional hazard regression models. The cumulative incidences of IBD were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The COPD group had higher incidences of IBD compared to non-COPD controls (incidence rate, 9.98 vs 7.18 per 100000 person-years, P < 0.001). The risk of IBD in the COPD group was increased by 1.38 (adjusted hazard ratio (HR); 95%CI: 1.25-1.52). The incidence rate of IBD was higher in the severe COPD group than in the mild COPD group (12.39 vs 9.77 per 100000 person-year, P < 0.001). The severity of COPD was associated with an increased risk of IBD (adjusted HR 1.70 in severe COPD, 95%CI: 1.27-2.21 and adjusted HR 1.35 in mild COPD, 95%CI: 1.22-1.49). CONCLUSION: The incidences of IBD were significantly increased in COPD patients in South Korea and the risk of developing IBD also increased as the severity of COPD increased.

6.
J Clin Med ; 8(8)2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398905

RESUMO

Background and Aims: It is not known whether inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) enhances the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) or whether PD diagnosis is the result of increased health care use. We determined the risk of developing PD among patients with IBD in terms of health care and medication use. Methods: A nationwide population-based study was conducted using claims data from the Korean National Health care Insurance service. From 2010 to 2013, patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified through both International Classification of Disease, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) and national rare intractable disease (RID) registration program codes. We compared 38,861 IBD patients with age and sex-matched non-IBD individuals at a ratio of 1:3. Patients with newly diagnosed PD were identified through both ICD-10 and RID codes. Results: The incidence of PD among patients with IBD was 49 per 100,000 person-years. The risk of developing PD in patients with IBD was significantly higher than controls even after adjustment for health care use (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 1.87; P < 0.001). Compared to controls, the risk of PD was significantly higher in patients with CD (aHR, 2.23; P = 0.023) and UC (aHR, 1.85; P < 0.001). Corticosteroid use showed a preventive effect on developing PD in patients with CD (aHR 0.08; P < 0.001), but not UC (aHR, 0.75; P = 0.213). Among 2110 patients receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF), none of the treated patients experienced PD during 9950 person-years. Conclusion: Patients with IBD are at an increased risk of PD, regardless of health care use. Corticosteroid and anti-TNF use may prevent PD in patients with IBD.

7.
J Clin Med ; 8(5)2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be associated with anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of anxiety and depression in patients with IBD compared to the general population. Methods: A nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using claims data from the National Healthcare Insurance service in Korea. We compared the incidence of anxiety and depression between 15,569 IBD patients and 46,707 non-IBD controls, age and sex matched at a ratio of 1:3. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of six years, IBD patients experienced significantly more anxiety (12.2% vs. 8.7%; p < 0.001) and depression (8.0% vs. 4.7%; p < 0.001) compared to controls. The curves showing cumulative incidences of anxiety and depression showed a steep rise within one year following a diagnosis of IBD, leading to lines with a constant slope. The hazard ratio (HR) for new onset anxiety following a diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) was 1.63 and 1.60, respectively, compared to controls (p < 0.001). Compared to controls, the HR for developing depression after a diagnosis of CD and UC was 2.09 and 2.00, respectively (p < 0.001). The risks of anxiety and depression in patients with IBD were higher compared to controls, except in those with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, or who required immunomodulators and biologics within one year of the IBD diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of anxiety and depression increased after a diagnosis of IBD compared to the general population.

8.
J Gastroenterol ; 54(10): 881-890, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Former cigarette smokers are at risk of developing ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the impact of smoking behavior on the occurrence of UC according to the amount smoked remains elusive. We aimed to determine the relationship between smoking behavior and the risk of UC development. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database in South Korea. From January 2009 to December 2012, 23,235,771 individuals over 18 years of age who underwent a national health examination were enrolled and followed until 2016. All study participants were divided into the following 3 groups: nonsmokers, former smokers, and current smokers. The primary endpoint was newly developed UC. RESULTS: Compared with nonsmokers, the risk of UC development was significantly higher in former smokers [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.73-1.95] but significantly lower in current smokers (aHR 0.92; 95% CI 0.87-0.98). Among current smokers, individuals who stopped smoking after the baseline evaluation had a significantly higher risk of UC development than those who continued to smoke (aHR 2.42; 95% CI 2.10-2.80). The risk of UC development among former smokers was significantly associated with smoking amount and duration. Among current smokers, however, the risk of UC development was not correlated with the cumulative lifetime smoking exposure. The preventive effect of current smoking on UC development was observed only in men (aHR 0.90; 95% CI 0.84-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with nonsmokers, former smokers have a significantly higher risk of UC development that may be proportional to the cumulative smoking exposure.

9.
J Clin Med ; 8(3)2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862129

RESUMO

The association of diabetes with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. The risk of diabetes in patients with IBD compared with non-IBD controls was investigated. Using the National Health Insurance database of South Korea, 8070 patients with IBD based on the International Classification of Disease 10th revision (ICD-10) codes and rare intractable disease codes for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) were compared with 40,350 non-IBD individuals (2010⁻2014). Newly diagnosed diabetes identified using ICD-10 codes and the prescription of anti-diabetic medication by the end of the follow-up period (2016) was investigated. During a mean follow-up of 5.1 years, the incidence of diabetes in patients with IBD was significantly higher compared with controls after adjusting for serum glucose levels and steroid use (23.19 vs. 22.02 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio (HR), 1.135; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.048⁻1.228). The risk of diabetes was significantly higher in patients with CD (HR, 1.677; 95% CI, 1.408⁻1.997), but not in UC (HR, 1.061; 95% CI, 0.973⁻1.156). The effect of IBD on the development of diabetes was significantly more prominent in younger patients (p < 0.001). Patients with CD are at a higher risk of diabetes. Regular monitoring for diabetes is recommended, even in younger CD patients who do not use steroid medication.

10.
Gut Liver ; 13(3): 333-341, 2019 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602222

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The risk of herpes zoster (HZ) among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear in terms of age and metabolic comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or dyslipidemia. We conducted a nationwide population-based study to investigate the risk of HZ in patients with IBD. Methods: From 2010 to 2013, a retrospective study was performed using claims data in Korea. We compared the incidence of HZ between 30,100 IBD patients (10,517 Crohn’s disease [CD] and 19,583 ulcerative colitis [UC] patients) and 150,500 non-IBD controls matched by age and sex. Results: During a mean follow-up of 5.0 years, incidence rates of HZ (per 1,000 person-years) were 13.60, 14.99, and 9.19 in the CD, UC, and control groups, respectively. The risk of HZ was significantly higher in patients with CD (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.13; p<0.001) and UC (adjusted HR, 1.40; p<0.001) than in the controls. The impact of CD on developing HZ was significantly more prominent in younger patients (adjusted HR, 2.61 for age <15, whereas 1.39 for age ≥60; interaction p=0.001) and in patients without metabolic comorbidities (adjusted HR, 2.24, whereas 1.59 in those with metabolic comorbidities; interaction p=0.015). Moreover, the impact of UC on developing HZ significantly increased in younger patients (adjusted HR, 2.51 in age <15, whereas 1.22 in age ≥60; interaction p=0.014) and patients without metabolic comorbidities (adjusted HR, 1.49 whereas 1.16 in those with metabolic comorbidities; interaction p<0.001). Conclusions: IBD was associated with an increased risk of HZ, especially in younger patients without metabolic comorbidities.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/virologia , Doença de Crohn/virologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 3 , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/virologia , Dislipidemias/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Herpes Zoster/virologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/virologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 24(42): 4798-4808, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479466

RESUMO

AIM: To estimate the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2013, patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified, based on both the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) and the rare, intractable disease registration program codes from the National Health Insurance (NHI) database in South Korea. We compared 38812 patients with IBD to age- and sex-matched non-IBD controls with a ratio of 1:3. Patients newly diagnosed with ESRD were identified with the ICD-10 code. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 4.9 years, ESRD was detected in 79 (0.2%) patients with IBD and 166 (0.1%) controls. The incidence of ESRD in patients with IBD was 0.42 per 1000 person-years. Patients with IBD had a significantly higher risk of ESRD than controls [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 3.03; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.77-5.20; P < 0.001]. The incidences (per 1000 person-years) of ESRD were 0.51 in patients with CD and 0.13 in controls, respectively (adjusted HR = 6.33; 95%CI: 2.75-14.56; P < 0.001). In contrast, the incidence of ESRD was similar between the UC and control groups (0.37 vs 0.37 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR = 2.01; 95%CI: 0.90-4.51; P = 0.089). CONCLUSION: The risk of ESRD was elevated in patients with CD, but not UC. Patients with CD should be monitored carefully for signs of renal insufficiency.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Sch Nurs ; 30(2): 123-8, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23736302

RESUMO

To better understand environmental electromagnetic wave exposure during the use of digital textbooks by elementary school students, we measured numeric values of the electromagnetic fields produced by tablet personal computers (TPCs). Specifically, we examined the distribution of the electromagnetic waves for various students' seating positions in an elementary school that uses digital textbooks. Electric and magnetic fields from TPCs were measured using the HI-3603 Visual Display Terminal/ Very Low Frequency (VDT/VLF) radiation measurement system. Electromagnetic field values from TPCs measured at a student's seat and at a teacher's computer were deemed not harmful to health. However, electromagnetic field values varied based on the distance between students, other electronic devices such as a desktop computers, and student posture while using a TPC. Based on these results, it is necessary to guide students to observe proper posture and to arrange seats at an appropriate distance in the classroom.


Assuntos
Computadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiação Eletromagnética , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Postura , Estudantes , Criança , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
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