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1.
J Clin Med ; 10(4)2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impact of proteinuria and its severity on the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not yet been studied. We aimed to determine the association between proteinuria measured by urine dipstick tests and the development of IBD. METHODS: This nationwide population-based study was conducted using the Korean National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) database. A total of 9,917,400 people aged 20 years or older who had undergone a national health examination conducted by the NHIS in 2009 were followed up until 2017. The study population was classified into four groups-negative, trace, 1+, and ≥ 2+-according to the degree of proteinuria measured by the urine dipstick test. The primary endpoint was newly diagnosed IBD, Crohn's disease (CD), or ulcerative colitis (UC) during the follow-up period. RESULTS: Compared with the dipstick-negative group, the incidence of CD significantly increased according to the degree of proteinuria (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] with 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 [0.703-1.451], 1.515 [1.058-2.162], and 2.053 [1.301-3.24] in the trace, 1+, and ≥ 2+ dipstick groups, respectively; p for trend 0.007). However, there was no significant difference in the incidence of UC according to the degree of proteinuria (aHR with 95% CI, 1.12 [0.949-1.323], 0.947 [0.764-1.174], and 1.009 [0.741-1.373] in the trace, 1+, and ≥ 2+ dipstick groups, respectively; p for trend 0.722). In the subgroup analysis, dipstick-positive proteinuria independently increased the incidence of CD regardless of the subgroup. However, dipstick-positive proteinuria was associated with the risk of UC in those with diabetes mellitus and not in those without diabetes mellitus (aHR, 1.527 vs. 0.846; interaction p-value 0.004). The risk of CD was increased or decreased according to proteinuria changes but not associated with the risk of UC. CONCLUSION: Proteinuria, measured by the dipstick test, is strongly associated with the development of CD.

2.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245052, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544706

RESUMO

Emerging evidence that an elevated serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) level is associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer, but still controversial. The aim of this study to assess the relationship between GGT level and risk of gastrointestinal cancer, and the contribution of the interaction of hyperglycemia with elevated GGT level to the incidence of gastrointestinal cancer by the stratified analysis. A total of 8,120,665 Koreans who received medical checkups in 2009 were included. Subjects were classified according to the quartile of GGT level for women and men. The incidence rates of gastrointestinal cancer for each group were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards models. During follow-up, 129,853 cases of gastrointestinal cancer newly occurred (esophagus, 3,792; stomach, 57,932; and colorectal, 68,789 cases). The highest GGT quartile group showed an increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer (esophagus, hazard ratio = 2.408 [95% confidence interval, 2.184-2.654]; stomach, 1.121 [1.093-1.149]; and colorectal, 1.185 [1.158-1.211]). The risk increased significantly with the rise in GGT quartile level, regardless of the site of cancer. The stratified analysis according to glycemic status showed that the effect of elevated GGT was predominant in the risk of esophageal cancer. The effect of elevated GGT further increased the risk of stomach and colorectal cancers in diabetic patients. An elevated level of GGT was associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal cancer, regardless of the site of cancer. The effect of the increase in GGT level on the risk of gastrointestinal cancer depended on the type of cancer and glycemic status.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(1): e017783, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372535

RESUMO

Background Although occult hemoglobin in feces is universally valued as a screening tool for colorectal cancer (CRC), only few studies investigated the clinical meaning of fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in other diseases. We evaluated the clinical utility of FIT in patients with cardiovascular diseases (namely, ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction [MI]). Methods and Results Using the National Health Insurance database, participants (aged >50 years) with CRC screening records from 2009 to 2012 were screened and followed up. Subjects with a history of cardiovascular diseases and CRC were excluded. Ischemic stroke, MI, and other comorbidities were defined by International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), codes. Age, sex, smoking, alcohol consumption, regular exercise, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and body mass index were adjusted in a multivariate analysis. A total of 6 277 446 subjects were eligible for analysis. During the mean 6.79 years of follow-up, 168 570 participants developed ischemic stroke, 105 983 developed MI, and 11 253 deaths were observed. A multivariate-adjusted model revealed that the risk of ischemic stroke was higher in the FIT-positive population (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.09; 95% CI, 1.07-1.11). Similarly, FIT-positive subjects were at an increased risk of MI (adjusted HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.06-1.12). Moreover, increased all-cause mortality was observed in the FIT-positive population (adjusted HR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.07-1.23). The increased risk remained consistent in the stratified analysis on anemia and CRC status. Conclusions Positive FIT findings were associated with ischemic stroke, MI, and mortality. Occult blood in feces may offer more clinical information than its well-known conventional role in CRC screening.

4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(37): 5661-5672, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation of periodontal tissues. The effect of periodontitis on the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. AIM: To assessed the risk of IBD among patients with periodontitis, and the risk factors for IBD related to periodontitis. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort study was performed using claims data from the Korean National Healthcare Insurance Service. In total, 9950548 individuals aged ≥ 20 years who underwent national health screening in 2009 were included. Newly diagnosed IBD [Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC)] using the International Classification of Disease 10th revision and rare intractable disease codes, was compared between the periodontitis and non-periodontitis groups until 2017. RESULTS: A total of 1092825 individuals (11.0%) had periodontitis. Periodontitis was significantly associated with older age, male gender, higher body mass index, quitting smoking, not drinking alcohol, and regular exercise. The mean age was 51.4 ± 12.9 years in the periodontitis group and 46.6 ± 14.2 years in the non-periodontitis group (P < 0.01), respectively. The mean body mass index was 23.9 ± 3.1 and 23.7 ± 3.2 in the periodontitis and non-periodontitis groups, respectively (P < 0.01). Men were 604307 (55.3%) and 4844383 (54.7%) in the periodontitis and non-periodontitis groups, respectively. The mean follow-up duration was 7.26 years. Individuals with periodontitis had a significantly higher risk of UC than those without periodontitis [adjusted hazard ratio: 1.091; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.008-1.182], but not CD (adjusted hazard ratio: 0.879; 95% confidence interval: 0.731-1.057). The risks for UC were significant in the subgroups of age ≥ 65 years, male gender, alcohol drinker, current smoker, and reduced physical activity. Current smokers aged ≥ 65 years with periodontitis were at a 1.9-fold increased risk of UC than non-smokers aged ≥ 65 years without periodontitis. CONCLUSION: Periodontitis was significantly associated with the risk of developing UC, but not CD, particularly in current smokers aged ≥ 65 years.

5.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238244, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898174

RESUMO

Anemia is a common manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but it remains unclear whether anemia is associated with the development of IBD. We assessed the risk of developing IBD in anemic patients, and stratified the results with respect to their hemoglobin concentrations. A population-based study was conducted using the National Healthcare Insurance Service database in South Korea. We included individuals over 20 years' old who participated in the national health screening program in 2009 (n = 9,962,064). Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level less than 13 g/dL in men and less than 12 g/dL in women. We compared the rate of newly diagnosed IBD in anemic patients and non-anemic individuals. Newly diagnosed IBD was identified using both the ICD-10 medical code and specialized V codes for rare intractable diseases in South Korea. During the mean follow-up period of 7.3 years, the incidences of CD and UC in anemic patients were 2.89 and 6.88 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. The risk of CD was significantly higher in anemic patients than in non-anemic individuals [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 2.084; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.769-2.455]. The risk of CD development was inversely proportional to the hemoglobin concentration. A J-curve relationship was observed between age and the risk of CD in anemic patients. The risk of CD in male anemic patients was significantly higher than that in female anemic patients (aHR, 1.432 vs. 1.240, respectively). By contrast, there was no statistically significant difference in the risk of developing UC in anemic and non-anemic individuals (aHR, 0.972; 95% CI, 0.880-1.073). This work indicates that anemia is related to the development of CD, and this risk was inversely proportional to the hemoglobin concentration.


Assuntos
Anemia/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/etiologia , Doença de Crohn/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association between atopic diseases and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is unclear. We conducted a nationwide population-based study in Korea to investigate the effect of atopic diseases on the development of IBD. METHODS: A total of 9,923,521 participants, who received a medical check-up in 2009, were included and followed through 2017. The presence of any atopic diseases, including atopic dermatitis (AD), allergic rhinitis (AR), and asthma, was evaluated. Patients who developed IBD, including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), were identified using claims data from National Health Insurance; the association between atopic diseases and the risk of IBD was evaluated using Cox proportional hazard models, and presented as adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) with 95% CIs. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up period of 7.3 years, 1419 patients (0.014%) developed CD and 5897 patients (0.059%) developed UC. The incidences of CD (per 100,000 person-years) were 3.756, 2.248, and 2.346 in patients with AD, AR, or asthma, respectively. The incidences of UC were 11.952, 9.818, and 9.358 in patients with AD, AR, or asthma, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that the aHRs for incident CD in patients with AD, AR, or asthma were 2.02, 1.33, and 1.60 (95% CIs, 1.118-3.663, 1.149-1.529, and 1.193-2.136, respectively) compared with controls. The risks of incident UC in patients with AD, AR, or asthma were 1.51, 1.32, and 1.29 (95% CIs, 1.082-2.104, 1.229-1.410, and 1.115-1.491, respectively) compared with controls. Moreover, an increase in the number of atopic diseases gradually increased the risk for CD and UC; for 1 or 2 or more atopic diseases, the aHRs for CD were 1.35 and 1.65 (95% CIs, 1.171-1.560 and 1.146-2.376), and the aHRs for UC were 1.30 and 1.49 (95% CIs, 1.211-1.392 and 1.249-1.774), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Based on a nationwide population-based study in Korea, patients with any atopic disease, including AD, AR, or asthma, have an increased risk for CD and UC. The risk for IBD increases with the increase in the number of atopic diseases.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 86: 106695, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectins (Siglecs) are a superfamily of immunoreceptors recognizing sialic acid. Siglec-9 has been shown to mediate inhibitory immune responses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a soluble form of Siglec-9 (sSiglec-9) on inflamed intestinal epithelial cells (IECs), murine macrophages, and experimental murine colitis models. METHODS: COLO 205 human IECs and RAW 264.7 murine macrophages were pretreated with sSiglec-9 and then stimulated with TNF-α or lipopolysaccharides, respectively. The expression of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-8 and TNF-α was measured using real-time RT-PCR and ELISA. To demonstrate the inhibitory effects of sSiglec-9 on the NF-κB pathway, IκBα phosphorylation/degradation was determined using western blotting and the DNA binding activity of NF-κB was evaluated using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Further, mouse models with dextran sulfate sodium-induced acute colitis and piroxicam-induced IL-10-/- chronic colitis were generated. Intraperitoneal injections of sSiglec-9 were performed, and body weight, colon length, and histopathologic findings were examined. RESULTS: sSiglec-9 suppressed IL-8 and TNF-α gene expression in stimulated COLO 205 and RAW 264.7 cells. sSiglec-9 inhibited IκBα phosphorylation/degradation and the DNA binding activity of NF-κB. sSiglec-9 injections significantly ameliorated weight loss, colon shortening, and the severity of intestinal inflammation in acute and chronic colitis mouse models. CONCLUSION: sSiglec-9 may inhibit NF-κB activation in IECs and macrophages and alleviate experimental colitis in mice, suggesting that sSiglec-9 is a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.

8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(4): 404-415, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063689

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasing in Asia. Numerous risk factors associated with IBD development have been investigated. AIM: To investigate trends and environmental risk factors of Crohn's disease (CD) diagnosed in persons aged ≥ 40 years in South Korea. METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Service database, a total of 14060821 persons aged > 40 years who underwent national health screening in 2009 were followed up until December 2017. Patients with newly diagnosed CD were enrolled and compared with non-CD cohort. CD was identified according to the International Classification of Diseases 10th revision and the rare/intractable disease registration program codes from the National Health Insurance Service database. The mean follow-up periods was 7.39 years. Age, sex, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, alcohol consumption, regular exercise, body mass index, anemia, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and dyslipidemia were adjusted for in the multivariate analysis model. RESULTS: During the follow-up, 1337 (1.33/100000) patients developed CD. Men in the middle-aged group (40-64 years) had a higher risk than women [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.46, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.29-1.66]; however, this difference tended to disappear as the age of onset increases. In the middle-aged group, patients with a history of smoking [aHR 1.46, 95%CI: 1.19-1.79) and anemia (aHR 1.85, 95%CI: 1.55-2.20) had a significantly higher CD risk. In the elderly group (age, ≥ 65 years), ex-smoking and anemia also increased the CD risk (aHR 1.68, 95%CI: 1.22-2.30) and 1.84 (95%CI: 1.47-2.30, respectively). Especially in the middle-aged group, those with CKD had a statistically elevated CD risk (aHR 1.37, 95%CI: 1.05-1.79). Alcohol consumption and higher body mass index showed negative association trend with CD incidence in both of the age groups. [Middle-aged: aHR 0.77 (95%CI: 0.66-0.89) and aHR 0.73 (95%CI: 0.63-0.84), respectively] [Elderly-group: aHR 0.57 (95%CI: 0.42-0.78) and aHR 0.84 (95%CI 0.67-1.04), respectively]. For regular physical activity and dyslipidemia, negative correlation between CD incidences was proved only in the middle-aged group [aHR 0.88 (95%CI: 0.77-0.89) and aHR 0.81 (95%CI: 0.68-0.96), respectively]. CONCLUSION: History of cigarette smoking, anemia, underweight and CKD are possible risk factors for CD in Asians aged > 40 years.


Assuntos
Fatores Etários , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/epidemiologia , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/etiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Magreza/complicações , Magreza/epidemiologia
9.
Gut Liver ; 14(6): 755-764, 2020 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816672

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The risk for colonoscopic postpolypectomy bleeding (PPB) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) remains unclear. We determined the incidence and risk factors for colonoscopic PPB in patients with CLD, especially those with liver cirrhosis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with CLD who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy at Seoul National University Hospital between 2011 and 2014. The study endpoints were immediate and delayed PPB. Results: A total of 1,267 consecutive patients with CLD were included in the study. Immediate PPB occurred significantly more often in the Child- Pugh (CP) B or C cirrhosis group (17.5%) than in the CP-A (6.3%) and chronic hepatitis (4.6%) groups (p<0.001). Moreover, the incidence of delayed PPB in the CP-B or C cirrhosis group (4.4%) was significantly higher than that in the CP-A (0.7%) and chronic hepatitis (0.2%) groups (p<0.001). The independent risk factors for immediate PPB were CP-B or C cirrhosis (p=0.011), a platelet count <50,000/µL (p<0.001), 3 or more polyps (p=0.017), endoscopic mucosal resection or submucosal dissection (p<0.001), and polypectomy performed by trainees (p<0.001). The independent risk factors for delayed PPB were CP-B or C cirrhosis (p=0.009), and polyps >10 mm in size (p=0.010). Conclusions: Patients with CP-B or C cirrhosis had an increased risk for bleeding following colonoscopic polypectomy.

10.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 35(2): 249-255, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The relationship between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remains unclear. We evaluated the risk for developing IPF in patients with IBD using a nationwide population-based study. METHODS: Using claims data from the National Health Insurance service in Korea, patients with IBD, including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), were identified through both the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and rare and intractable disease program codes from January 2010 to December 2013. We compared 38 921 IBD patients with age-matched and sex-matched individuals without IBD in a ratio of 1:3. Patients with newly diagnosed IPF were identified by both the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and rare and intractable disease registration codes. RESULTS: During a mean 4.9-year follow-up, the incidence of IPF in patients with IBD was 33.21 per 100 000 person-years. The overall risk of IPF was significantly higher in IBD patients than in non-IBD controls (hazard ratio [HR], 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.20-2.20; P = 0.003). In patients with CD, the incidence (per 100 000 person-years) of IPF was 26.04; in controls, the incidence was 9.15 (HR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.46-5.72; P = 0.002). The incidence of IPF in patients with UC tended to be higher than in controls (36.66 vs 26.54 per 100 000 person-years; 95% CI, 0.99-1.99; HR, 1.41; P = 0.066). The risk of developing IPF in patients with IBD was higher in male patients than in female patients (P = 0.093 in CD; P = 0.147 in UC by interaction analysis). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with IBD, especially CD, have an increased risk of developing IPF.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/etiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , República da Coreia , Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther ; 51(4): 446-456, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationships between lipid profiles and IBD remain elusive. AIM: To determine the association of IBD with serum lipid profiles. METHODS: A nationwide population-based study was performed using claims data from the Korean National Healthcare Insurance service. A total of 9 706 026 subjects undergoing medical check-ups in 2009 were enrolled and followed up until 2016. Individuals who developed Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified during follow-up. Adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) by age, sex, body mass index, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise, income and underlying comorbidities was calculated to define the impact of serum lipid profiles on developing IBD. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, IBD was detected in 7,058 (0.07%) individuals. Compared with the highest quartile of serum total cholesterol (TC) levels, lower TC levels were associated with higher incidence of CD (aHR: Q1, 2.52; Q2, 1.52; Q3, 1.27), but not UC. Lower serum LDL-C levels were associated with higher incidence of CD (aHR: Q1, 1.92; Q2, 1.47; Q3, 1.22), but not UC. Moreover, lower serum HDL-C levels were associated with higher incidence of CD (aHR: Q1, 2.49; Q2, 1.90; Q3, 1.43), but not UC. In contrast, lower serum triglyceride levels were associated with higher incidence of UC (aHR: Q1, 1.22; Q2, 1.19; Q3, 1.19), but not CD. CONCLUSIONS: Low serum TC, LDL-C and HDL-C levels were associated with CD. Low serum triglyceride levels were related to UC.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/epidemiologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Adulto , Colite Ulcerativa/sangue , Comorbidade , Doença de Crohn/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
12.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(42): 6354-6364, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a growing evidence regarding an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) among patients with airway diseases. AIM: To investigate the influence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the risk of IBD. METHODS: A nationwide, population-based study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Service database. A total of 1303021 patients with COPD and 6515105 non-COPD controls were identified. The COPD group was divided into the severe and the mild COPD group according to diagnostic criteria. The risk of IBD in patients with COPD compared to controls was analyzed by Cox proportional hazard regression models. The cumulative incidences of IBD were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The COPD group had higher incidences of IBD compared to non-COPD controls (incidence rate, 9.98 vs 7.18 per 100000 person-years, P < 0.001). The risk of IBD in the COPD group was increased by 1.38 (adjusted hazard ratio (HR); 95%CI: 1.25-1.52). The incidence rate of IBD was higher in the severe COPD group than in the mild COPD group (12.39 vs 9.77 per 100000 person-year, P < 0.001). The severity of COPD was associated with an increased risk of IBD (adjusted HR 1.70 in severe COPD, 95%CI: 1.27-2.21 and adjusted HR 1.35 in mild COPD, 95%CI: 1.22-1.49). CONCLUSION: The incidences of IBD were significantly increased in COPD patients in South Korea and the risk of developing IBD also increased as the severity of COPD increased.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/complicações , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Clin Med ; 8(8)2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398905

RESUMO

Background and Aims: It is not known whether inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) enhances the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) or whether PD diagnosis is the result of increased health care use. We determined the risk of developing PD among patients with IBD in terms of health care and medication use. Methods: A nationwide population-based study was conducted using claims data from the Korean National Health care Insurance service. From 2010 to 2013, patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified through both International Classification of Disease, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) and national rare intractable disease (RID) registration program codes. We compared 38,861 IBD patients with age and sex-matched non-IBD individuals at a ratio of 1:3. Patients with newly diagnosed PD were identified through both ICD-10 and RID codes. Results: The incidence of PD among patients with IBD was 49 per 100,000 person-years. The risk of developing PD in patients with IBD was significantly higher than controls even after adjustment for health care use (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR), 1.87; P < 0.001). Compared to controls, the risk of PD was significantly higher in patients with CD (aHR, 2.23; P = 0.023) and UC (aHR, 1.85; P < 0.001). Corticosteroid use showed a preventive effect on developing PD in patients with CD (aHR 0.08; P < 0.001), but not UC (aHR, 0.75; P = 0.213). Among 2110 patients receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF), none of the treated patients experienced PD during 9950 person-years. Conclusion: Patients with IBD are at an increased risk of PD, regardless of health care use. Corticosteroid and anti-TNF use may prevent PD in patients with IBD.

14.
J Clin Med ; 8(5)2019 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be associated with anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of anxiety and depression in patients with IBD compared to the general population. Methods: A nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using claims data from the National Healthcare Insurance service in Korea. We compared the incidence of anxiety and depression between 15,569 IBD patients and 46,707 non-IBD controls, age and sex matched at a ratio of 1:3. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of six years, IBD patients experienced significantly more anxiety (12.2% vs. 8.7%; p < 0.001) and depression (8.0% vs. 4.7%; p < 0.001) compared to controls. The curves showing cumulative incidences of anxiety and depression showed a steep rise within one year following a diagnosis of IBD, leading to lines with a constant slope. The hazard ratio (HR) for new onset anxiety following a diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) was 1.63 and 1.60, respectively, compared to controls (p < 0.001). Compared to controls, the HR for developing depression after a diagnosis of CD and UC was 2.09 and 2.00, respectively (p < 0.001). The risks of anxiety and depression in patients with IBD were higher compared to controls, except in those with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, or who required immunomodulators and biologics within one year of the IBD diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of anxiety and depression increased after a diagnosis of IBD compared to the general population.

15.
J Gastroenterol ; 54(10): 881-890, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Former cigarette smokers are at risk of developing ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the impact of smoking behavior on the occurrence of UC according to the amount smoked remains elusive. We aimed to determine the relationship between smoking behavior and the risk of UC development. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service database in South Korea. From January 2009 to December 2012, 23,235,771 individuals over 18 years of age who underwent a national health examination were enrolled and followed until 2016. All study participants were divided into the following 3 groups: nonsmokers, former smokers, and current smokers. The primary endpoint was newly developed UC. RESULTS: Compared with nonsmokers, the risk of UC development was significantly higher in former smokers [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.83; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.73-1.95] but significantly lower in current smokers (aHR 0.92; 95% CI 0.87-0.98). Among current smokers, individuals who stopped smoking after the baseline evaluation had a significantly higher risk of UC development than those who continued to smoke (aHR 2.42; 95% CI 2.10-2.80). The risk of UC development among former smokers was significantly associated with smoking amount and duration. Among current smokers, however, the risk of UC development was not correlated with the cumulative lifetime smoking exposure. The preventive effect of current smoking on UC development was observed only in men (aHR 0.90; 95% CI 0.84-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with nonsmokers, former smokers have a significantly higher risk of UC development that may be proportional to the cumulative smoking exposure.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Colite Ulcerativa/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Clin Med ; 8(3)2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862129

RESUMO

The association of diabetes with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. The risk of diabetes in patients with IBD compared with non-IBD controls was investigated. Using the National Health Insurance database of South Korea, 8070 patients with IBD based on the International Classification of Disease 10th revision (ICD-10) codes and rare intractable disease codes for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) were compared with 40,350 non-IBD individuals (2010⁻2014). Newly diagnosed diabetes identified using ICD-10 codes and the prescription of anti-diabetic medication by the end of the follow-up period (2016) was investigated. During a mean follow-up of 5.1 years, the incidence of diabetes in patients with IBD was significantly higher compared with controls after adjusting for serum glucose levels and steroid use (23.19 vs. 22.02 per 1000 person-years; hazard ratio (HR), 1.135; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.048⁻1.228). The risk of diabetes was significantly higher in patients with CD (HR, 1.677; 95% CI, 1.408⁻1.997), but not in UC (HR, 1.061; 95% CI, 0.973⁻1.156). The effect of IBD on the development of diabetes was significantly more prominent in younger patients (p < 0.001). Patients with CD are at a higher risk of diabetes. Regular monitoring for diabetes is recommended, even in younger CD patients who do not use steroid medication.

17.
Gut Liver ; 13(3): 333-341, 2019 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602222

RESUMO

Background/Aims: The risk of herpes zoster (HZ) among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear in terms of age and metabolic comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, or dyslipidemia. We conducted a nationwide population-based study to investigate the risk of HZ in patients with IBD. Methods: From 2010 to 2013, a retrospective study was performed using claims data in Korea. We compared the incidence of HZ between 30,100 IBD patients (10,517 Crohn’s disease [CD] and 19,583 ulcerative colitis [UC] patients) and 150,500 non-IBD controls matched by age and sex. Results: During a mean follow-up of 5.0 years, incidence rates of HZ (per 1,000 person-years) were 13.60, 14.99, and 9.19 in the CD, UC, and control groups, respectively. The risk of HZ was significantly higher in patients with CD (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.13; p<0.001) and UC (adjusted HR, 1.40; p<0.001) than in the controls. The impact of CD on developing HZ was significantly more prominent in younger patients (adjusted HR, 2.61 for age <15, whereas 1.39 for age ≥60; interaction p=0.001) and in patients without metabolic comorbidities (adjusted HR, 2.24, whereas 1.59 in those with metabolic comorbidities; interaction p=0.015). Moreover, the impact of UC on developing HZ significantly increased in younger patients (adjusted HR, 2.51 in age <15, whereas 1.22 in age ≥60; interaction p=0.014) and patients without metabolic comorbidities (adjusted HR, 1.49 whereas 1.16 in those with metabolic comorbidities; interaction p<0.001). Conclusions: IBD was associated with an increased risk of HZ, especially in younger patients without metabolic comorbidities.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/virologia , Doença de Crohn/virologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 3 , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/virologia , Dislipidemias/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Herpes Zoster/virologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/virologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 24(42): 4798-4808, 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479466

RESUMO

AIM: To estimate the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2013, patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) were identified, based on both the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) and the rare, intractable disease registration program codes from the National Health Insurance (NHI) database in South Korea. We compared 38812 patients with IBD to age- and sex-matched non-IBD controls with a ratio of 1:3. Patients newly diagnosed with ESRD were identified with the ICD-10 code. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 4.9 years, ESRD was detected in 79 (0.2%) patients with IBD and 166 (0.1%) controls. The incidence of ESRD in patients with IBD was 0.42 per 1000 person-years. Patients with IBD had a significantly higher risk of ESRD than controls [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 3.03; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.77-5.20; P < 0.001]. The incidences (per 1000 person-years) of ESRD were 0.51 in patients with CD and 0.13 in controls, respectively (adjusted HR = 6.33; 95%CI: 2.75-14.56; P < 0.001). In contrast, the incidence of ESRD was similar between the UC and control groups (0.37 vs 0.37 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR = 2.01; 95%CI: 0.90-4.51; P = 0.089). CONCLUSION: The risk of ESRD was elevated in patients with CD, but not UC. Patients with CD should be monitored carefully for signs of renal insufficiency.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Sch Nurs ; 30(2): 123-8, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23736302

RESUMO

To better understand environmental electromagnetic wave exposure during the use of digital textbooks by elementary school students, we measured numeric values of the electromagnetic fields produced by tablet personal computers (TPCs). Specifically, we examined the distribution of the electromagnetic waves for various students' seating positions in an elementary school that uses digital textbooks. Electric and magnetic fields from TPCs were measured using the HI-3603 Visual Display Terminal/ Very Low Frequency (VDT/VLF) radiation measurement system. Electromagnetic field values from TPCs measured at a student's seat and at a teacher's computer were deemed not harmful to health. However, electromagnetic field values varied based on the distance between students, other electronic devices such as a desktop computers, and student posture while using a TPC. Based on these results, it is necessary to guide students to observe proper posture and to arrange seats at an appropriate distance in the classroom.


Assuntos
Computadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Radiação Eletromagnética , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Postura , Estudantes , Criança , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
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