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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19555, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599199

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of solid cancers. However, there is no unified predictive biomarker available for ICIs. We aimed to compare the prognostic impact of using three PD-L1 antibodies (SP142, SP263, and 22C3) for immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis. We retrospectively investigated tumor tissues derived from 316 breast cancer cases, by constructing tissue microarrays and by performing IHC staining. The immune-cell expression rate (for SP142 and SP263) and combined proportional score (for 22C3) were evaluated, and survival outcomes were analyzed. Prediction models were developed, and values of Harrel's c-index and areas under curves were calculated to compare the discriminatory power. Negative PD-L1 expression based on the 22C3-IHC assay was determined to be an independent prognostic marker for recurrence-free survival (RFS, P = 0.0337) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS, P = 0.0131). However, PD-L1 expression based on SP142- and SP263-IHC assays did not reveal a prognostic impact. Among the three antibodies, adding PD-L1 expression data obtained via 22C3-IHC assay to the null model led to a significant improvement in the discriminatory power of RFS and DMFS. We suggest that PD-L1 expression based on the 22C3-IHC assay is a superior prognostic marker than that based on SP142- and SP263-IHC assays.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20205, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34642389

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate imaging characteristics of young age breast cancer (YABC) focusing on correlation with pathologic factors and association with disease recurrence. From January 2017 to December 2019, patients under 40 years old who were diagnosed as breast cancer were enrolled in this study. Morphologic analysis of tumor and multiple quantitative parameters were obtained from pre-treatment dynamic contrast enhanced breast magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). Tumor-stroma ratio (TSR), microvessel density (MVD) and endothelial Notch 1 (EC Notch 1) were investigated for correlation with imaging parameters. In addition, recurrence associated factors were assessed using both clinico-pathologic factors and imaging parameters. A total of 53 patients were enrolled. Several imaging parameters derived from apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram showed negative correlation with TSR; and there was negative correlation between MVD and Ve in perfusion analysis. There were nine cases of recurrences with median interval of 16 months. Triple negative subtype and low CD34 MVD positivity in Notch 1 hotspots showed significant association with tumor recurrence. Texture parameters reflecting tumor sphericity and homogeneity were also associated with disease recurrence. In conclusion, several quantitative MRI parameters can be used as imaging biomarkers for tumor microenvironment and can predict disease recurrence in YABC.

3.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(13): e2100100, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050621

RESUMO

The conjunctiva is a thin mucous membrane of the eye. Pterygium, a commonly appearing disease on the ocular surface, requires surgery to excise the conjunctiva to prevent visual deterioration. Recently, transplantation of the amniotic membrane (AM), which is the innermost membrane of the placenta, has been highlighted as an efficient method to cure conjunctiva defects because of its advantages of no side effects compared to mitomycin C treatment and not leaving additional scars on donor site compared to conjunctival autografting. However, to minimize additional damage to the ocular surface by suturing, AM transplantation (AMT) needs to be simplified by using a less invasive, time-saving method. In this work, a visible light-curable protein bioadhesive (named FixLight) for efficient sutureless AMT is applied. FixLight, which is based on bioengineered mussel adhesive protein (MAP), is easily applied between damaged ocular surfaces and transplanted AM, and rapidly cured by harmless blue light activation. Through in vivo evaluation using a rabbit model, the authors demonstrated that FixLight enabled facile, fast, and strong attachment of AM on sclera and promoted ocular surface reconstruction with good biocompatibility. Thus, FixLight can be successfully used as a promising clinical bioadhesive in opthalmological surgeries that require sutureless and rapid operation.


Assuntos
Âmnio , Pterígio , Adesivos Teciduais , Âmnio/transplante , Animais , Túnica Conjuntiva , Luz , Pterígio/cirurgia , Coelhos
4.
Cancer Med ; 10(12): 3964-3973, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no proven primary preventive strategy for doxorubicin-induced subclinical cardiotoxicity (DISC), especially among patients without a cardiovascular (CV) risk. We investigated the primary preventive effect on DISC of the concomitant use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) or beta-blockers (BBs), especially among breast cancer patients without a CV risk. METHODS: A total of 385 patients who were scheduled for doxorubicin chemotherapy were screened. Among them, 195 patients of the study populations were included and were randomly divided into two groups [candesartan 4 mg q.d. vs. carvedilol 3.125 mg q.d.] and patients who were unwilling to take one of the medications were evaluated as controls. The primary outcomes were the incidence of early DISC (DISC developing within 6 months after chemotherapy), and late DISC (DISC developing only at least 12 months after chemotherapy). RESULT: Compared with the control group (8 out of 43 patients (18.6%)), only the candesartan group (4 out of 82 patients (4.9%)) showed a significantly lower incidence of early DISC (p = 0.022). Compared with the control group, the candesartan group demonstrated a significantly reduced decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) throughout the study period [-1.0% vs. -3.00 (p < 0.001) at the first follow-up, -1.10% vs. -3.40(p = 0.009) at the second follow-up]. CONCLUSIONS: Among breast cancer patients without a CV risk treated with doxorubicin-containing chemotherapy, subclinical cardiotoxicity is prevalent and concomitant administration of low-dose candesartan might be effective to prevent an early decrease in LVEF. Further large-scale, randomized controlled trials will be needed to confirm our findings.

5.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0250986, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) is a key effector molecule regulated by the Hippo pathway and described as a poor prognostic factor in breast cancer. Tumor protein 53 (TP53) mutation is well known as a biomarker related to poor survival outcomes. So far clinical characteristics and survival outcome according to YAP1 and TP53 mutation have been poorly identified in breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospectively, 533 breast tumor tissues were collected at the Seoul St Mary's hospital and Gangnam Severance Hospital from 1992 to 2017. Immunohistochemistry with YAP1 and p53 specific antibodies were performed, and the clinical data were analyzed. RESULTS: Mutant p53 pattern was associated with aggressive tumor features and advanced anatomical stage. Inferior overall survival (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) were related with mutant p53 pattern cases with low nuclear YAP1 expression (P = 0.0009 and P = 0.0011, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that mutant p53 pattern was an independent prognostic marker for OS [hazard ratios (HR): 2.938, 95% confidence intervals (CIs): 1.028-8.395, P = 0.044] and RFS (HR: 1.842, 95% CIs: 1.026-3.304). However, in cases with high nuclear YAP1 expression, there were no significantly difference in OS and RFS according to p53 staining pattern. CONCLUSION: We found that mutant p53 pattern is a poor prognostic biomarker in breast tumor with low nuclear YAP1 expression. Our findings suggest that interaction between nuclear YAP1 and p53 expression pattern impact survival outcomes.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Mutação , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
6.
J Breast Cancer ; 24(2): 175-182, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818021

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a rare autosomal cancer syndrome caused by a germline mutation in the TP53 gene. Breast cancer in LFS patients is of various subtypes; however, limited data are available on the clinicopathological features of these subtypes and their appropriate treatments. This study aimed to review the clinical features and treatments for breast cancer in South Korean patients with germline TP53 mutations. METHODS: Data on the clinicopathological features and treatment of all breast cancer patients with LFS were collected retrospectively from the available database of 4 tertiary hospitals in the Republic of Korea. RESULTS: Twenty-one breast cancer cases in 12 unrelated women with confirmed germline TP53 mutations were included in the study. The median age at diagnosis was 33.5 years. The histopathological diagnosis included invasive ductal carcinoma (n = 16), ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 3), and malignant phyllodes tumor (n = 2). While 42% and 31% of the cases were positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors, respectively, 52.6% were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive, and 21% were triple-negative. The treatments included mastectomy (52%) and breast-conserving surgery (38%). Five patients underwent radiotherapy (RT). The median follow-up period was 87.5 (8-222) months. There were 3 ipsilateral and 4 contralateral breast recurrences during the follow-up, and 8 patients developed new primary cancers. In the post-RT subgroup, there were 2 ipsilateral and 2 contralateral breast recurrences in 1 patient, and 4 patients had a new primary cancer. CONCLUSION: As reported in other countries, breast cancer in LFS patients in South Korea had an early onset and were predominantly but not exclusively positive for HER2. A multidisciplinary approach with adherence to the treatment guidelines, considering mastectomy, and avoiding RT is encouraged to prevent RT-associated sequelae in LFS patients.

7.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 14(4): 529-535, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875943

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the clinical performance of a multifocal corneoscleral lens for the presbyopia correction. METHODS: A prospective clinical trial of the Onefit™ A multifocal corneoscleral lens was conducted with 40 participants with presbyopia. At 4wk of continuous wear of the corneoscleral lens, changes in the distance, intermediate, and near visual acuity (VA) were evaluated. The safety of the corneoscleral lens, central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal endothelial cell count, binocular stereopsis, tear film break-up time (BUT), corneal staining, corneal edema, corneal neovascularization (NV), and conjunctival hyperemia were examined. In addition, a subjective questionnaire addressing satisfaction (rated from 1 to 5 points) and discomfort (rated from 1 to 5 points) was administered. RESULTS: Forty participants were enrolled in this study. Six participants were excluded because of poor compliance with lens fitting (n=2) and loss to follow-up (n=4). The mean age of the participants was 53.0±4.9y. At 4wk of continuous wear of the corneoscleral lens, the best corrected far, intermediate, and near VA was 0.08±0.11, 0.10±0.12, and 0.10±0.12 logMAR, respectively. These results were significant improvements over the baseline uncorrected VA (far: P=0.004; intermediate: P=0.004; near: P=0.002). CCT, corneal endothelial cell count, binocular stereopsis, BUT, corneal staining, corneal edema, corneal NV, and conjunctival hyperemia were not significantly different between baseline and after corneoscleral lens use. The average satisfaction scores for fit sensation; corrected far, intermediate, and near VA; and ease of handling were 4.1, 3.4, 3.6, 3.5, and 3.4, respectively. The average discomfort scores for dryness, irritation, foreign body sensation, redness, fogging, and halo were 1.7, 1.8, 1.5, 1.7, 1.7, and 1.3, respectively. CONCLUSION: Far, intermediate, and near VA are improved in presbyopic patients with the multifocal corneoscleral lens compared to uncorrected baseline VA, without adverse ocular effects. This evidence supports the safety and effectiveness of presbyopia correction with multifocal corneoscleral lenses.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 609743, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718163

RESUMO

Background: Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1) is a transcription factor regulated by the Hippo pathway and functions as an oncogene in various solid tumors under dysregulated Hippo pathway. However, the role of YAP1 in breast cancer remains controversial. Here, we investigated the impact of different levels of nuclear YAP1 expression on the clinical characteristics and survival outcome in patients with breast cancer. Patients and Methods: Retrospectively obtained 455 breast tumor samples at Gangnam Severance Hospital were examined for YAP1 expression by immunohistochemistry, and the clinical data were analyzed. External validation was performed using a retrospective cohort and tissues in 482 patients from Severance Hospital. Results: High nuclear YAP1 expression was associated with hormone receptor negativity and aggressive tumor behavior, including lymph node metastasis, high Ki67 labeling index and inferior distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS, hazard ratio [HR] 2.271, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] 1.109-4.650, P = 0.0249), and also confirmed inferior disease free survival (HR 3.208, 95% CIs 1.313-7.833, P = 0.0105) in external validation cohort. In patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), high nuclear YAP1 expression was an independent significant determinant of poor DMFS (HR 2.384, 95% CIs 1.055-5.386, P = 0.0367). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that nuclear YAP1 expression is a biomarker of adverse prognosis and a potential therapeutic target in patients with breast cancer, especially in TNBC.

9.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 184(2): 527-542, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with various histopathologic subtypes. Except for invasive carcinoma of no special type (NST), other subtypes are rare with limited data. The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics and prognosis of special histopathologic subtypes of breast cancer compared to NST. METHODS: A total of 136,140 patients were analyzed using the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry database between January 1996 and March 2019. The clinicopathologic features and survival outcomes of special type breast carcinoma were compared with those of NST. RESULTS: The prevalence of special subtypes other than NST was 13.7% (n = 18,633). Compared to NST, patients with lobular, medullary, metaplastic, and micropapillary carcinoma had larger tumors (p < 0.001). Patients with mucinous, tubular, medullary, metaplastic, and cribriform carcinoma presented with less node metastasis (p < 0.001), contrary to patients with micropapillary carcinoma. Patients with lobular, mucinous, tubular, papillary, and cribriform carcinoma presented as luminal A subtype much more often (p < 0.001). Micropapillary carcinoma included more luminal B subtype (p < 0.001). Typically, medullary and metaplastic carcinoma included more triple-negative subtypes (p < 0.001). In survival analysis, only medullary (Hazard Ratio (HzR) 0.542, 95% CI 0.345 to 0.852, p = 0.008) and metaplastic carcinoma (HzR 1.655, 95% CI 1.317 to 2.080, p < 0.001) showed significantly different overall survival from NST by multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Breast cancer had distinct clinicopathologic features according to histopathologic subtype. However, special types of breast cancer had similar survival outcomes compared to NST when adjusting for other prognostic factors, except for metaplastic carcinoma and medullary carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma , Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Organização Mundial da Saúde
10.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 181(2): 403-409, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32328848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The ACOSOG Z0011 trial demonstrated that axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is unnecessary in select patients with cT1-2N0 tumors undergoing breast-conserving therapy with 1-2 positive sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs). However, patients with preoperatively confirmed ALN metastasis were not included and may be subjected to unnecessary ALND. The aim of this study is to identify patients who can be considered for ALND omission when the preoperative ALN biopsy results are positive. METHODS: Breast cancer patients who underwent preoperative ALN biopsy and primary surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Among patients with positive ALN biopsy results, clinicopathological and imaging characteristics were compared according to LN disease burden (1-2 positive LNs vs. ≥ 3 positive LNs). RESULTS: A total of 542 patients were included in the analysis. Among them, 225 (41.5%) patients had a preoperative positive ALN biopsy. More than 40% of the patients (n = 99, 44.0%) with a positive biopsy had only 1-2 positive ALNs. The association between nodal burden and imaging factors was strongest when ≥ 2 suspicious LNs were identified on PET/CT images (HR 8.795, 95% CI 4.756 to 13.262). More than one imaging modality showing ≥ 2 suspicious LNs was also strongly correlated with ≥ 3 positive ALNs (HR 5.148, 95% CI 2.881 to 9.200). CONCLUSIONS: Nearly half of patients with a preoperative biopsy-proven ALN metastasis had only 1-2 positive LNs on ALND. Patients meeting ACOSOG Z0011 criteria with only one suspicious LN on PET/CT or those presenting with few abnormal ALNs on only one imaging modality appear appropriate for SLNB and consideration of ALND omission.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Lobular/cirurgia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/métodos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/secundário , Carcinoma Lobular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Lobular/secundário , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 29(7): 1341-1347, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk of breast cancer, but the association may vary according to patient factors. We investigated the association between HRT and breast cancer in a nationwide cohort with risk stratification according to risk factors for breast cancer. METHODS: Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, 4,558,376 postmenopausal women who underwent breast cancer screening and regular health checkups from 2009 to 2014 were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 696,084 (15.3%) women reported current or previous HRT use. Breast cancer was newly diagnosed in 26,797 (0.6%) women during a median follow-up of 5.35 years. The HR of the risk of breast cancer in HRT users was 1.25 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.22-1.29] compared with HRT nonusers. The risk of breast cancer increased according to HRT duration [adjusted HR = 1.08; 95% CI, 1.04-1.12, for <2 years; adjusted HR = 1.33; 95% CI, 1.25-1.40, for 2 to <5 years; and adjusted HR = 1.72; 95% CI, 1.63-1.82, for ≥5 years). The effects of HRT on breast cancer risk applied to both invasive and in situ cancer. The HRT-related risk of breast cancer was higher in women who were leaner and those who had dense breasts. CONCLUSIONS: This nationwide population-based study confirms the association between HRT use and breast cancer risk. The risk increased proportionally with duration of HRT and differed according to body weight and breast density. IMPACTS: Risk stratification would be useful when deciding whether to apply HRT for relief of menopausal symptoms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/induzido quimicamente , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Feminino , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco
12.
Cancer Res Treat ; 52(3): 680-688, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019279

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Recent studies revealed the BRCA1 c.5339T>C, p.Leu1780Pro variant (L1780P) is highly suggested as a likely pathogenic. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinicopathologic features of L1780P with breast cancer (BC) using multicenter data from Korea to reinforce the evidence as a pathogenic mutation and to compare L1780P and other BRCA1/2mutations using Korean Hereditary Breast Cancer (KOHBRA) study data. Materials and Methods: The data of 54 BC patients with L1780P variant from 10 institutions were collected and the clinicopathologic characteristics of the patients were reviewed. The hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer-related characteristics of the L1780P variant were compared to those of BC patients in the KOHBRA study. RESULTS: The median age of all patients was 38 years, and 75.9% of cases showed triple-negative breast cancer. Comparison of cases with L1780P to carriers from the KOHBRA study revealed that the L1780P patients group was more likely to have family history (FHx) of ovarian cancer (OC) (24.1% vs. 19.6% vs. 11.2%, p < 0.001 and p=0.001) and a personal history of OC (16.7% vs. 2.9% vs. 1.3%, p=0.003 and p=0.001) without significant difference in FHx of BC and bilateral BC. The cumulative risk of contralateral BC at 10 years after diagnosis was 31.9%, while the cumulative risk of OC at 50 years of age was 20.0%. Patients with L1780P showed similar features with BRCA1 carriers and showed higher penetrance of OC than patients with other BRCA1 mutations. CONCLUSION: L1780P should be considered as a pathogenic mutation. Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is highly recommended for women with L1780P.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 180(2): 461-470, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020434

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effect of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status on mucinous carcinoma (MC) of the breast is unknown due to the rarity of HER2-positive cases. We evaluated the prognostic value of HER2 status and the efficacy of anti-HER2 therapy in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive MC. METHODS: From the data of 154,661 patients recorded in the Korean Breast Cancer Registry between January 1990 and August 2016, 3076 (2.0%) were diagnosed with MC. Overall survival (OS) according to HER2 status and anti-HER2 therapy was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier estimates. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazards model to estimate the adjusted hazards ratio (HR) for clinicopathologic factors. RESULTS: A total of 2716 HR-positive MC patients were enrolled and followed up for a median 100.1 months. Of these, 2094 (77.1%) were HER2-negative and 228 (8.4%) were HER2-positive. HR-positive, HER2-positive MC patients had more advanced pathologic tumor stages (T3 or T4) (p = 0.001), more axillary lymph node involvement (p < 0.001), higher nuclear grade (p < 0.001), and more lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.012) than HER2-negative patients. Subgroup analysis of HR-positive, node-positive MC showed that HER2-positive MC was an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR = 2.657; 95% CI, 1.665-4.241; p < 0.001). HR-positive, node-positive, and HER2-negative MC had significantly longer OS than HER2-positive MBC (p = 0.017). The node-positive subgroup that received anti-HER2 therapy had increased OS, although not significantly (p = 0.224). CONCLUSION: Our nationwide database study revealed that HER2-positive status was associated with worse prognosis in HR-positive and node-positive MC. Anti-HER2 therapy might be beneficial in HR-positive, node-positive, and HER2-positive MC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , República da Coreia , Sociedades Médicas , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 66: 36-41, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785544

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and clinicopathologic factors with recurrence of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 281 patients with 288 surgically confirmed TNBC lesions who underwent pretreatment MRI between 2009 and 2015. The presence of intratumoral high signal on T2-weighted images, high-signal rim on diffusion-weighted images (DWI), and rim enhancement on the dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and clinicopathological data were collected. Cox proportional analysis was performed. RESULTS: Of the 288 lesions, 36 (12.5%) recurred after a median follow-up of 18 months (range, 3.6-68.3 months). Rim enhancement (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.15; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.01, 9.88; p = .048), and lymphovascular invasion (HR = 2.73, 95% CI = 1.20, 6.23; p = .016) were independently associated with disease recurrence. While fibroglandular volume, background parenchymal enhancement, intratumoral T2 high signal, and high-signal rim on DWI, were not found to be risk factors for recurrence. CONCLUSION: Pretreatment MRI features may help predict a high risk of recurrence in patients with TNBC.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/patologia , Meios de Contraste , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Breast Cancer ; 22(3): 412-424, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598341

RESUMO

Purpose: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is less effective for luminal breast cancer because luminal breast cancer has a lower rate of pathological complete response (pCR) after NAC than human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-type and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We investigated the efficacy of NAC and the predictive factors of a better response in luminal breast cancer. Methods: Between 2010 and 2016, we retrieved data of 244 patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer who were treated with NAC followed by surgery from a prospectively collected database. We classified breast cancer into luminal HER2- and non-luminal HER2- breast cancer (luminal HER2+, HER2+, and TNBC types). We analyzed each subtype with respect to surgical outcomes, response to NAC, and determined variables associated with surgical outcomes and response in patients with luminal HER2- breast cancer. Results: The total, breast, and axillary pCR rates were significantly lower in 114 patients with luminal HER2- breast cancer than in those with other subtypes (7.9%, 12.3%, and 22.8%, respectively). However, breast-conserving surgery (BCS) conversion and tumor response rates did not significantly differ between patients with luminal HER2- and those with non-luminal HER2- breast cancer (p = 0.836 and p = 0.180, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, high tumor response rate (≥ 46.4%) was significantly associated with an increased BCS conversion rate. In the subgroup analysis of luminal HER2- breast cancer, the multivariate analysis showed that higher Ki67 expression and axilla pCR and BCS conversion rates were significantly associated with tumor response to NAC. Conclusion: Despite the low pCR rate, the tumor response and BCS conversion rates after NAC of luminal HER2- breast cancer were similar to those of other subtypes. NAC has the potential benefit of reducing the size of breast cancer, thereby increasing the BCS conversion rate in luminal HER2- breast cancer.

16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(11): 3586-3592, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of a secondary solid malignancy after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is increasing in long-term survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathological characteristics of HCT recipients with secondary thyroid cancer (STC), with those of non-HCT thyroid cancer patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 5184 patients who received HCT between 1983 and 2016. Of these, 18 patients developed STC and underwent thyroidectomy due to differentiated thyroid cancer. We compared the clinicopathological characteristics of post-HCT thyroid cancer patients (post-HCT group) with those of a primary differentiated thyroid carcinoma cohort (cohort group) from Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. RESULTS: The mean ages at HCT and thyroidectomy after HCT were 22.0 and 31.8 years, respectively, and the median time interval between HCT and thyroidectomy was 5 years (range 1-16). Compared with the cohort group, the post-HCT group was younger at cancer onset and frequently had a palpable mass at initial diagnosis. The post-HCT group had more aggressive features, including larger tumor size, frequent extrathyroidal extension, lymphatic invasion, perineural invasion, and frequent lateral neck node metastasis and distant metastasis, relative to the cohort group; however, most patients (83.2%) in the post-HCT group were stage I or II. Additionally, BRAF V600E mutation was less frequent in the post-HCT group. CONCLUSIONS: We found that STC after HCT showed younger presentation and more aggressive clinical presentation. Therefore, a policy of regular screening, including neck ultrasound examination, may promote early detection and treatment in HCT recipients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Carcinoma Papilar/etiologia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg ; 80(3): 223-227, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708388

RESUMO

Although deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been used for > 25 years in the treatment of movement disorders, no report has been published on the management of DBS pulse generators implanted in the anterior chest in patients with breast cancer who require mastectomy, radiotherapy, and future imaging studies.We describe a 62-year-old female patient with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) who was dependent on bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS. She was diagnosed with cancer in her left breast. To avoid difficulties in imaging studies, surgery, and radiotherapy related to the breast cancer, bilateral pulse generators for STN DBS previously implanted in the anterior chest wall were repositioned to the anterior abdominal wall with replacement of long extension cables. During mastectomy and the relocation of the pulse generators, we were not aware of the risks of an open circuit and neuroleptic malignant-like syndrome due to our limited knowledge about how to manage DBS hardware.Coincident breast cancer and the need for STN DBS is underreported. Considering the uncertainties in the management of pulse generators and the incidence of breast cancer, guidelines for handling DBS hardware in the setting of cancer are needed. More careful attention should be paid to performing magnetic resonance imaging in DBS-dependent patients with chronic PD.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Estimulação Encefálica Profunda/métodos , Doença de Parkinson/terapia , Núcleo Subtalâmico/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia
18.
J Breast Cancer ; 22(4): 599-612, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897333

RESUMO

Purpose: Mucinous breast carcinoma (MBC) is a rare type of breast cancer. Although patients with MBC may have a better prognosis than that of patients with invasive ductal carcinoma, many clinicians administer adjuvant chemotherapy regimens similar to those for other breast tumors. Using data from a nationwide clinical database, this study evaluated the significance of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy and whether it can be omitted in MBC patients. Methods: We included 3,076 patients with a diagnosis of MBC recorded in the Korean Breast Cancer Registry between January 1990 and August 2016. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to analyze breast cancer-specific survival (BCCS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis was performed using a Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR) model to estimate the adjusted HR for each prognostic factor. Results: A total of 2,988 MBC patients were enrolled and followed-up for a median of 100 months (range, 2-324 months). Multivariate analysis revealed that axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis and estrogen receptor (ER) negativity were significant prognostic factors for BCSS. Meanwhile, old age, pathologic tumor stage, and ALN metastasis were significant prognostic factors for OS. Subgroup analysis of ER-positive MBC showed that ALN metastasis was a significant prognostic factor for BCSS. Additionally, old age, pathologic tumor stage, and ALN metastasis were prognostic factors for OS. Ultimately, ALN metastasis was the most statistically significant prognostic factor for MBC. However, chemotherapy had no significant effect on BCSS and OS. The Kaplan-Meier curves of BCSS and OS based on pathologic tumor and nodal stages and age revealed that chemotherapy did not statistically significantly improve prognosis, except for the N3 stage. Conclusion: Our large retrospective analysis revealed that adjuvant chemotherapy provided little benefit to improve the prognosis of most ER-positive MBC patients. Therefore, chemotherapy can be omitted in the treatment of most ER-positive MBC.

19.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 172(2): 273-282, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088179

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Advances in breast cancer treatment have contributed to marked improvements in patient outcomes over the past three decades. This study aims to chronologically evaluate the survival of patients with breast cancer and investigate the observed changes over time. METHODS: Statistics from the Korean National Cancer Registry, based on all 60,571 patients with invasive breast cancer during the 21 year period, were analyzed. We divided the study interval into four periods (P1: 1988-1992, P2: 1993-1997, P3: 1998-2002, P4: 2003-2008). RESULTS: The patients treated during P4 showed significantly better 5-year overall survival (OS) than did those treated during P1 (5Y OS; P1 = 79.0 vs. P4 = 92.2, p < 0.001). In the multivariate analyses, younger age, mastectomy, high stage, high tumor grade, lymphovascular invasion, and hormone receptor negativity were poor prognostic factors. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that diagnosis periods significantly and independently associated with OS in the overall group of patients. In our analysis of age-period-interaction models, the hazard ratio (HR) for death for patients who were under 35 years of age, compared to those who were older, tended to decrease over time (HR of age < 35 vs. 35 ~ 50; P1 = 0.739, p = 0.007; P2 = 0.744, p < 0.001; P3 = 0.886, p = 0.041; P4 = 0.983, p = 0.813). The survival rate of patients who underwent breast conserving surgery (BCS) has recently gotten better than that of mastectomy (HR of mastectomy vs. BCS; P1 = 0.957, p = 0.790; P2 = 0.542, p < 0.001; P3 = 0.543, p < 0.001; P4 = 0.425, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical factors related to the changes in breast cancer survival have improved and increased patient OS over the past 20 years in Korea. In addition, we provided new insights into the effects of age and surgery methods on prognosis in each period.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Breast Cancer ; 21(1): 62-69, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29628985

RESUMO

Purpose: Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and the second most common cancer among Korean women. The prognosis of breast cancer is poor in patients with other primary cancers. However, there have been few clinical studies regarding this issue. Therefore, we analyzed the characteristics and prognosis of patients with breast cancer with multiple primary cancers (MPCs). Methods: Data from the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry were analyzed. Data from enrolled patients who underwent surgery for breast cancer were analyzed for differences in prognosis dependent on the presence of MPCs, and which MPC characteristics affected their prognosis. Results: Among the 41,841 patients analyzed, 913 patients were found to have MPCs, accounting for 950 total MPCs. There was a significant difference in survival rates between the breast cancer only group and the MPC group. The 5-year survival rates were 93.6% and 86.7% and the 10-year survival rates were 87.5% and 70.4%, respectively. Among the 913 patients with MPCs, patients with two or more MPCs had significantly worse prognoses than patients with a single MPC. With respect to the time interval between breast cancer and MPC occurrence, patients with a 5-year or greater interval had significantly better prognoses than patients with less than 1 year between occurrences. Among MPCs, thyroid cancer was the most common primary cancer. However, this type was not related to the prognosis of breast cancer. Gynecologic cancer, colorectal cancer, upper gastrointestinal cancer, and lung cancer were related to breast cancer prognosis. Conclusion: MPCs were a poor prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. Two or more MPCs and a shorter time interval between occurrences were worse prognostic factors. Although MPCs were a poor prognostic factor, thyroid cancer did not affect the prognosis of patients with breast cancer.

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