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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the discriminative ability of EQ-5D-3L full health state (FHS) in clinical trials of SLE, and identify factors associated with FHS after treatment. METHODS: Data from the BLISS-52 (NCT00424476) and BLISS-76 (NCT00410384) trials of belimumab (N = 1684) were utilised. FHS was defined as a response of no problems in all five EQ-5D-3L dimensions, yielding an index score of 1. The Pearson's chi-square or Fisher's exact test was employed for comparisons, and logistic regression for adjustments and assessment of independence. RESULTS: We demonstrated higher EQ-5D-3L FHS frequencies among patients given standard therapy (ST) plus the licensed belimumab dose versus ST alone (26.1% versus 19.4%; P = 0.001; week 52), and within SRI-4 responders versus non-responders (27.0% versus 19.8%; P < 0.001; week 52) from week 36 to 52. In multivariable regression analysis, SLEDAI-2K (OR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.87 - 0.94; P < 0.001) and SLICC/ACR Damage Index (OR: 0.79; 95% CI: 0.69 - 0.91; P = 0.001) scores were independently associated with lower FHS frequencies at week 52, while adding monthly infusions of belimumab 10 mg/kg to ST favoured FHS perception (OR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.15 - 2.24; P = 0.006). Add-on belimumab 10 mg/kg yielded higher FHS frequencies in antimalarial users versus non-users (29.9% versus 20.1%; P = 0.011), and in anti-dsDNA and anti-Sm positive versus negative patients (31.4% versus 13.4%; P < 0.001 and 33.0% versus 22.6%; P = 0.010, respectively), whereas no significant differences were observed in patients given ST alone. CONCLUSION: EQ-5D-3L FHS distinguished belimumab from placebo and responders from non-responders, and exhibited known-group validity in subgroup analysis. FHS may prove a useful patient-reported outcome in SLE studies.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33404659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether abnormal BMI is associated with adverse health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcome, including severe fatigue, after 52 weeks of standard therapy (ST) plus belimumab or placebo in patients with SLE. METHODS: We analysed data from the BLISS-52 (NCT00424476) and BLISS-76 (NCT00410384) trials (N = 1684). Adverse HRQoL was defined as SF-36 scores ≤ the 5th percentile in age- and sex-matched US population-based subjects, and FACIT-F scores <30. We compared BMI groups using the Pearson's χ2 test, and assessed independence with multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) patients showed increased likelihood to exhibit adverse SF-36 physical component summary (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.4-2.3; p< 0.001 and OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.8-3.2; p< 0.001, respectively) and FACIT-F (OR: 1.3; 95% CI: 1.1-1.6; p= 0.010 and OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-2.0; p= 0.002, respectively) scores at week 52. Underweight was associated with adverse SF-36 mental component summary scores, also after adjustment for sex, ancestry, age, disease duration, disease activity, organ damage and prednisone dose during the study period (OR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.2-3.6; p= 0.007). Addition of belimumab to ST independently protected against adverse SF-36 general health (OR: 0.8; 95% CI: 0.6-1.0; p= 0.025) and FACIT-F < 30 (OR: 0.8; 95% CI: 0.6-1.0; p= 0.018). CONCLUSION: Overweight and obesity contributed to adverse physical and mental HRQoL outcomes after therapeutic intervention in SLE patients, and underweight contributed to adverse mental HRQoL outcome. A protective effect of belimumab against adverse general health and severe fatigue was implicated.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341888

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In light of reports of de novo LN during belimumab (BLM) treatment, we sought to determine its frequency and contributing or protective factors in a real-life setting. METHODS: Patients with SLE who received BLM between 2011 and 2017 at five European academic practices were enrolled (n = 95) and followed longitudinally for a median time of 13.1 months [interquartile range (IQR): 6.0-34.7]; 52.6% were anti-dsDNA positive, 60.0% had low complement levels, and 69.5% had no renal involvement prior to/at BLM initiation [mean disease duration at baseline: 11.4 (9.3) years]. Age- and sex-matched patients with non-renal SLE who had similar serological profiles, but were not exposed to BLM, served as controls (median follow-up: 132.0 months; IQR: 98.3-151.2). RESULTS: We observed 6/66 cases (9.1%) of biopsy-proven de novo LN (4/6 proliferative) among the non-renal BLM-treated SLE cases after a follow-up of 7.4 months (IQR: 2.7-22.2). Among controls, 2/66 cases (3.0%) of de novo LN (both proliferative) were observed after 21 and 50 months. BLM treatment was associated with an increased frequency and/or shorter time to de novo LN [hazard ratio (HR): 10.7; 95% CI: 1.7, 67.9; P = 0.012], while concomitant use of antimalarial agents along with BLM showed an opposing association (HR: 0.2; 95% CI: 0.03, 0.97; P = 0.046). CONCLUSION: Addition of BLM to standard-of-care did not prevent LN in patients with active non-renal SLE, but a favourable effect of concomitant use of antimalarials was implicated. Studies of whether effects of B-cell activating factor inhibition on lymphocyte subsets contribute to LN susceptibility are warranted.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Associations between BMI and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in SLE have been implied, but data are scarce. We determined the impact of overweight and obesity on HRQoL in a large SLE population. METHODS: We pooled cross-sectional baseline data from the BLISS-52 (NCT00424476) and BLISS-76 (NCT00410384) trials (N = 1684). HRQoL was evaluated using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue scale and the European Quality of Life 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D). Comparisons between BMI groups were conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test and adjustments using linear regression. Clinical relevance was determined by minimal clinically important differences (MCIDs). RESULTS: In total, 43.2% of the patients had BMI above normal and 17.4% were obese. Overweight and obese patients reported worse SF-36 physical component summary (PCS), physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain and FACIT-Fatigue scores than normal weight patients. Divergences were greater than corresponding MCIDs and more prominent with increasing BMI. Despite no clinically important difference in SF-36 mental component summary scores across BMI categories, patients experienced progressively diminished vitality and social functioning with increasing BMI. In linear regression analysis, BMI above normal and obesity were associated with worse PCS (standardized coefficient ß = -0.10, P < 0.001 and ß = -0.17, P < 0.001, respectively), FACIT-Fatigue (ß = -0.11, P < 0.001 and ß = -0.16, P < 0.001) and EQ-5D (ß = -0.08, P = 0.001 and ß = -0.12, P < 0.001) scores, independently of demographic and disease-related factors. The impact of BMI on the PCS and FACIT-Fatigue was more pronounced than that of SLE activity. CONCLUSION: Patients with SLE and BMI above normal experienced clinically important HRQoL diminutions in physical aspects, fatigue and social functioning. A survey of potential causality underlying this association is warranted.

5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 7: 316, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32754605

RESUMO

B cell hyperactivity and breach of tolerance constitute hallmarks of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The heterogeneity of disease manifestations and relatively rare prevalence of SLE have posed difficulties in trial design and contributed to a slow pace for drug development. The anti-BAFF monoclonal antibody belimumab is still the sole targeted therapy licensed for SLE, lending credence to the widely accepted notion that B cells play central roles in lupus pathogenesis. However, more therapeutic agents directed toward B cells or B cell-related pathways are used off-label or have been trialed in SLE. The anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab has been used to treat refractory SLE during the last two decades, and the anti-type I IFN receptor anifrolumab is currently awaiting approval after one phase III clinical trial which met its primary endpoint and one phase III trial which met key secondary endpoints. While the latter does not directly affect the maturation and antibody production activity of B cells, it is expected to affect the contribution of B cells in proinflammatory cytokine excretion. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib, primarily directed toward the plasma cells, has been used in few severe cases as an escape regimen. Collectively, current clinical experience and primary results of ongoing clinical trials prophesy that B cell therapies of selective targets will have an established place in the future personalized therapeutic management of lupus patients.

6.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532059

RESUMO

Impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a major problem in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Antimalarial agents (AMA) are the cornerstone of SLE therapy, but data on their impact on HRQoL are scarce. We investigated this impact using baseline data from the BLISS-52 (NCT00424476) and BLISS-76 (NCT00410384) trials (n = 1684). HRQoL was self-reported using the Medical Outcomes Study short-form 36 (SF-36), functional assessment of chronic illness therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue and 3-level EuroQoL 5-Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires. Patients on AMA (n = 1098/1684) performed better with regard to SF-36 physical component summary, physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain, FACIT-Fatigue, EQ-5D utility index and EQ-5D visual analogue scale scores. The difference in SF-36 physical functioning (mean ± standard deviation (SD): 61.1 ± 24.9 versus 55.0 ± 26.5; p < 0.001) exceeded the minimal clinically important difference (≥5.0). This association remained significant after adjustment for potential confounding factors in linear regression models (standardised coefficient, ß = 0.07; p = 0.002). Greater proportions of AMA users than non-users reported no problems in the mobility, self-care, usual activities and anxiety/depression EQ-5D dimensions. AMA use was particularly associated with favourable HRQoL in physical aspects among patients with active mucocutaneous and musculoskeletal disease, and mental aspects among patients with active renal SLE. These results provide support in motivating adherence to AMA therapy. Exploration of causality in the relationship between AMA use and favourable HRQoL in SLE has merit.

7.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(11): 3424-3434, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In patients with LN, clinical and histological responses to treatment have been shown to be discordant. We investigated whether per-protocol repeat kidney biopsies are predictive of LN relapses and long-term renal function impairment. METHODS: Forty-two patients with incident biopsy-proven active proliferative (class III/IV±V) LN from the database of the UCLouvain were included in this retrospective study. Per-protocol repeat biopsies were performed after a median [interquartile range (IQR)] time of 24.3 (21.3-26.2) months. The National Institutes of Health activity index (AI) and chronicity index (CI) scores were assessed in all biopsies. RESULTS: Despite a moderate correlation between urinary protein/creatinine ratios (UPCR) and AI scores at repeat biopsy (r = 0.48; P = 0.001), 10 patients (23.8%) with UPCR < 1.0 g/g still had a high degree of histological activity (AI > 3). High AI scores (continuous) in repeat biopsies were associated with an increased probability and/or shorter time to renal relapse (n = 11) following the repeat biopsy [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.3; P = 0.007], independently of proteinuria levels. High CI scores (continuous) in repeat biopsies were associated with a sustained increase in serum creatinine levels corresponding to ≥120% of the baseline value (HR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.9; P = 0.016) through a median (IQR) follow-up time of 131.5 (73.8-178.2) months, being also the case for acute tubulointerstitial inflammation and interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy in repeat but not baseline biopsies. CONCLUSION: Our results highlight the usefulness of per-protocol repeat biopsies, herein performed after a median time of 24 months from baseline, as an integral part of the treatment evaluation, also in patients showing adequate clinical response.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(10)2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422945

RESUMO

We investigated whether belimumab treatment impacts on levels of autoantibodies and cytokines of interest in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Longitudinally collected serum samples from 78 belimumab-treated Swedish SLE patients were analysed. Serum cytokine levels were determined using Luminex xMAP technology, and nuclear antigen autoantibody specificities using addressable laser bead immunoassay. In patients with detectable levels at baseline, interferon (IFN)-α2 levels were lower at month 6 (median; interquartile range (IQR): 8.9; 1.5-54.9 pg/mL) versus baseline (28.4; 20.9-100.3 pg/mL; p = 0.043). Interleukin (IL)-6 (baseline: 7.1; 2.9-16.1 pg/mL) decreased from month 6 (0.5; 0.5-6.3 pg/mL; p = 0.018) and throughout a 24 month follow-up. IL-10 (baseline: 12.6; 2.8-29.7 pg/mL) showed more rapid decreases from month 3 (1.8; 0.6-9.1 pg/mL; p = 0.003). Levels of anti-dsDNA (p < 0.001), anti-Smith antigen (Sm) (p = 0.002), anti-U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (U1RNP) (p < 0.001), anti-Sm-U1RNP complex (p = 0.028), and anti-ribosomal P (p = 0.012) antibodies decreased from month 3 and remained decreased. Anti-Sm positivity at baseline was associated with higher probability and/or shorter time to achieve sustained SLE responder index-4 response (hazard ratio (HR): 2.52; 95% CI: 1.20-5.29; p = 0.015), independently of other factors. Decline of IL-6 levels through month 3 was greater in responders. In summary, belimumab treatment lowered IFN-α2, IL-6, and IL-10 levels, as well as levels of multiple autoantibodies, however after different time spans. Notably, anti-Sm positivity and early decline in IL-6 levels were associated with favorable treatment outcome.

9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 713-723, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2012 EULAR/ERA-EDTA recommendations for the management of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Following the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was performed. Members of a multidisciplinary Task Force voted independently on their level of agreeement with the formed statements. RESULTS: The changes include recommendations for treatment targets, use of glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). The target of therapy is complete response (proteinuria <0.5-0.7 g/24 hours with (near-)normal glomerular filtration rate) by 12 months, but this can be extended in patients with baseline nephrotic-range proteinuria. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended with regular ophthalmological monitoring. In active proliferative LN, initial (induction) treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF 2-3 g/day or mycophenolic acid (MPA) at equivalent dose) or low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY; 500 mg × 6 biweekly doses), both combined with glucocorticoids (pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone, then oral prednisone 0.3-0.5 mg/kg/day) is recommended. MMF/CNI (especially tacrolimus) combination and high-dose CY are alternatives, for patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria and adverse prognostic factors. Subsequent long-term maintenance treatment with MMF or azathioprine should follow, with no or low-dose (<7.5 mg/day) glucocorticoids. The choice of agent depends on the initial regimen and plans for pregnancy. In non-responding disease, switch of induction regimens or rituximab are recommended. In pure membranous LN with nephrotic-range proteinuria or proteinuria >1 g/24 hours despite renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade, MMF in combination with glucocorticoids is preferred. Assessment for kidney and extra-renal disease activity, and management of comorbidities is lifelong with repeat kidney biopsy in cases of incomplete response or nephritic flares. In ESKD, transplantation is the preferred kidney replacement option with immunosuppression guided by transplant protocols and/or extra-renal manifestations. Treatment of LN in children follows the same principles as adult disease. CONCLUSIONS: We have updated the EULAR recommendations for the management of LN to facilitate homogenization of patient care.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Médicas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Proteinúria/terapia
10.
Lupus Sci Med ; 7(1): e000389, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153796

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is a severe manifestation of SLE, characterised by subendothelial and/or subepithelial immune complex depositions in the afflicted kidney, resulting in extensive injury and nephron loss during the acute phase and eventually chronic irreversible damage and renal function impairment if not treated effectively. The therapeutic management of LN has improved during the last decades, but the imperative need for consensual outcome measures remains. In order to design trials with success potentiality, it is important to define clinically important short-term and long-term targets of therapeutic and non-therapeutic intervention. While it is known that early response to treatment is coupled with favourable renal outcomes, early predictors of renal function impairment are lacking. The information gleaned from kidney biopsies may provide important insights in this direction. Alas, baseline clinical and histopathological information has not been shown to be informative. By contrast, accumulating evidence of pronounced discrepancies between clinical and histopathological outcomes after the initial phase of immunosuppression has prompted investigations of the potential usefulness of per-protocol repeat kidney biopsies as an integral part of treatment evaluation, including patients showing adequate clinical response. This approach appears to have merit. Hopefully, clinical, molecular or genetic markers that reliably reflect kidney histopathology and portend the long-term prognosis will be identified. Novel non-invasive imaging methods and employment of the evolving artificial intelligence in pattern recognition may also be helpful towards these goals. The molecular and cellular characterisation of SLE and LN will hopefully result in novel therapeutic modalities, maybe new taxonomy perspectives, and ultimately personalised management.

11.
Nat Rev Dis Primers ; 6(1): 7, 2020 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974366

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis (LN) is a form of glomerulonephritis that constitutes one of the most severe organ manifestations of the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Most patients with SLE who develop LN do so within 5 years of an SLE diagnosis and, in many cases, LN is the presenting manifestation resulting in the diagnosis of SLE. Understanding of the genetic and pathogenetic basis of LN has improved substantially over the past few decades. Treatment of LN usually involves immunosuppressive therapy, typically with mycophenolate mofetil or cyclophosphamide and with glucocorticoids, although these treatments are not uniformly effective. Despite increased knowledge of disease pathogenesis and improved treatment options, LN remains a substantial cause of morbidity and death among patients with SLE. Within 10 years of an initial SLE diagnosis, 5-20% of patients with LN develop end-stage kidney disease, and the multiple comorbidities associated with immunosuppressive treatment, including infections, osteoporosis and cardiovascular and reproductive effects, remain a concern. Clearly, early and accurate diagnosis of LN and prompt initiation of therapy are of vital importance to improve outcomes in patients with SLE.

12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(9): 2237-2249, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) Vascular CAM 1 (VCAM-1) and Activated Leucocyte CAM (ALCAM) as urinary biomarkers in SLE patients with and without renal involvement. METHODS: Female SLE patients (n = 111) and non-SLE population-based controls (n = 99) were enrolled. We measured renal activity using the renal domain of the BILAG index and urine (U) and plasma (P) concentrations of soluble (s)VCAM 1 and U-sALCAM using ELISA. U-sCAM levels were next corrected by U-creatinine. RESULTS: U-sVCAM-1/creatinine and U-sALCAM/creatinine ratios were higher in SLE patients vs non-SLE controls (P < 0.001 for both), as well as in patients with active/low-active (BILAG A-C; n = 11) vs quiescent (BILAG D; n = 19) LN (P = 0.023 and P = 0.001, respectively). U-sALCAM/creatinine but not U-sVCAM-1/creatinine ratios were higher in patients with nephritis history (BILAG A-D; n = 30) vs non-renal SLE (BILAG E; n = 79) (P = 0.014). Patients with baseline U-sVCAM-1/creatinine ratios ≥75th percentile showed a 23-fold increased risk of a deterioration in estimated glomerular filtration rate by ≥25% during a 10-year follow-up (odds ratio: 22.9; 95% CI: 2.8, 189.2; P = 0.004); this association remained significant after adjustments for age, disease duration and organ damage. Traditional markers including anti-dsDNA antibodies did not predict this outcome. CONCLUSION: While high U-sVCAM-1 levels appear to reflect SLE disease activity, sALCAM might have particular importance in renal SLE. Both U-sVCAM-1 and U-sALCAM showed ability to distinguish SLE patients with active renal involvement from patients with quiescent or no prior nephritis. High U-sVCAM-1 levels may indicate patients at increased risk for long-term renal function loss.

13.
Curr Vasc Pharmacol ; 18(6): 549-565, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880245

RESUMO

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is associated with increased risk for accelerated atherosclerosis and cardiovascular (CV) events including coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular and peripheral artery disease. CV events occur both early and late during the disease course, with younger patients being at much higher risk than age-matched counterparts. The risk cannot be fully accounted for by the increased prevalence of traditional atherosclerotic factors and may be due to pathophysiologic intermediates such as type I interferons and other inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress, activated granulocytes and production of extracellular chromatin traps, antiphospholipid and other autoantibodies causing dysfunction of lipoproteins, altogether resulting in endothelial injury and pro-atherogenic dyslipidaemia. These mechanisms may be further aggravated by chronic intake of prednisone (even at doses <7.5 mg/day), whereas immunomodulatory drugs, especially hydroxychloroquine, may exert antiatherogenic properties. To date, there is a paucity of randomized studies regarding the effectiveness of preventative strategies and pharmacological interventions specifically in patients with SLE. Nevertheless, both the European League Against Rheumatism recommendations and extrapolated evidence from the general population emphasize that SLE patients should undergo regular monitoring for atherosclerotic risk factors and calculation of the 10-year CV risk. Risk stratification should include diseaserelated factors and accordingly, general (lifestyle modifications/smoking cessation, antihypertensive and statin treatment, low-dose aspirin in selected cases) and SLE-specific (control of disease activity, minimization of glucocorticoids, use of hydroxychloroquine) preventive measures be applied as appropriate. Further studies will be required regarding the use of non-invasive tools and biomarkers for CV assessment and of risk-lowering strategies tailored to SLE.

14.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 259, 2019 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783909

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Immune complexes are of importance in systemic lupus erythematosus pathogenesis, and autoantibodies are believed to participate in immune complex formation. Quantification of autoantibody levels in circulating IC might be of prognostic value. METHODS: A C1q-binding-eluting technique was applied to purify immune complexes from 55 belimumab-treated systemic lupus erythematosus patients during a 24-month follow-up. Autoantibodies in serum and in solubilized immune complexes were quantified using addressable laser bead immunoassay. We investigated whether levels of autoantibodies in immune complexes associate with disease activity and response to belimumab treatment. RESULTS: High baseline anti-double-stranded DNA and anti-histone levels in immune complexes associated with attainment of zero scores in clinical systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index 2000 during the 24-month follow-up (p = 0.003 and p = 0.048, respectively). Low complement levels associated with high serum anti-double-stranded DNA and anti-ribosomal P levels (p = 0.003 and p = 0.008, respectively) and high anti-double-stranded DNA (p = 0.002) but not anti-ribosomal P levels in immune complexes. Anti-SSA/SSB serum levels were lower in patients attaining lupus low disease activity state at month 6; these associations were stronger for corresponding immune complex levels. Serum levels of most autoantibodies had declined at month 3, whereas autoantibody levels in immune complexes, except for anti-double-stranded DNA, showed a more gradual decline over 1-2 years. Serum anti-double-stranded DNA levels decreased in all patients irrespective of systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index 2000=0 attainment, whereas immune complex levels decreased only in achievers. CONCLUSION: Immune complex levels of autoantibodies against double-stranded DNA and the SSA/SSB complex show more specific associations with treatment outcome compared with serum levels in belimumab-treated systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Characterization of autoantibody content in circulating immune complexes could prove useful in treatment evaluation in systemic lupus erythematosus and other immune complex-associated diseases.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/imunologia , DNA/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(12): 2170-2176, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of low disease activity and clinical remission following belimumab treatment in SLE. METHODS: SLE patients who received belimumab 10 mg/kg (N = 563) in the BLISS-52 and BLISS-76 clinical trials were surveyed. The performance of baseline factors in predicting attainment of low disease activity (defined as Lupus Low Disease Activity State) or clinical remission [defined as clinical (c)SLEDAI-2K = 0] at week 52 from treatment initiation was evaluated using logistic regression. Organ damage was assessed using the SLICC/ACR Damage Index (SDI). RESULTS: We demonstrated a negative impact of established organ damage on attainment of Lupus Low Disease Activity State [SDI > 0; odds ratio (OR): 0.44; 95% CI 0.22, 0.90; P = 0.024] and the primary Lupus Low Disease Activity State condition, i.e. SLEDAI-2K ⩽ 4 with no renal activity, pleurisy, pericarditis or fever (SDI > 1; OR: 0.46; 95% CI 0.27, 0.77; P = 0.004); cognitive impairment/psychosis was found to mainly account for the latter association. Baseline SDI scores > 1 predicted failure to attain cSLEDAI-2K = 0 (OR: 0.53; 95% CI 0.30, 0.94; P = 0.030), with cutaneous damage mainly driving this association. Anti-dsDNA positivity increased (OR: 1.82; 95% CI 1.08, 3.06; P = 0.025) and cardiovascular damage reduced (OR: 0.13; 95% CI 0.02, 0.97; P = 0.047) the probability of attaining cSLEDAI-2K = 0 along with a daily prednisone equivalent intake restricted to ⩽7.5 mg. CONCLUSION: Belimumab might be expected to be more efficacious in inducing low disease activity and clinical remission in SLE patients with limited or no organ damage accrued prior to treatment initiation. Patients with positive anti-dsDNA titres might be more likely to achieve clinical remission along with limited or no CS use.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , DNA/imunologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hematúria/etiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pericardite/etiologia , Pleurisia/etiologia , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Piúria/etiologia , Indução de Remissão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
18.
Autoimmun Rev ; 18(6): 615-620, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30959218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Febrile neutropenia is generally recognised as a complication of myelosuppressive chemotherapy. Recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is commonly used as a primary or secondary prophylaxis to reduce the degree and duration of neutropenia in patients at risk of developing chemotherapy-induced neutropenic fever and infectious complications. G-CSF is known to decrease mortality and increase the possibility of maintaining adequate chemotherapy dose intensity and density, which is essential in curable malignancies. Common side effects are generally mild. However, potentially fatal adverse events have also been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we summarise previously reported and report two new independent cases of G-CSF-induced aortitis, both in patients treated with chemotherapy for breast cancer. The two cases, identified only a few months apart, share several common characteristics including type of cancer, gender, age, chemotherapy, G-CSF treatment regimen, and time span from G-CSF initiation to aortitis manifestation. The two cases were both diagnosed by CT scan and successfully treated with corticosteroids along with discontinuation of G-CSF. CONCLUSION: This case report highlights that although aortitis is a rare adverse event of G-CSF treatment, it should be considered in cases of unexplained fever and/or clinical and laboratory findings that do not respond to antibiotics.


Assuntos
Aortite/induzido quimicamente , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Febre/induzido quimicamente , Febre/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Neutropenia/prevenção & controle
19.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0212068, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742665

RESUMO

Axl is a receptor tyrosine kinase with important functions in immune regulation. We investigated serum levels of soluble (s)Axl in lupus nephritis (LN) in association with renal disease activity, tissue damage and treatment response. We surveyed 52 patients with International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) class III/IV LN and 20 healthy controls. Renal biopsies were performed at the time of active LN and post-treatment. Patients were classified as clinical responders (CRs) or clinical non-responders based on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Improvement by ≥50% in renal activity index scores defined histological responders (HRs). sAxl levels were elevated in patients compared to controls (median: 18.9 ng/mL), both at baseline (median: 45.7; P<0.001) and post-treatment (median: 41.2 ng/mL; P<0.001). Baseline sAxl levels were higher in patients with class IV (median: 47.7 ng/mL) versus class III (median: 37.5 ng/mL) nephritis (P = 0.008), and showed moderate correlations with albuminuria (r = 0.30, P = 0.030) and creatinine (r = 0.35, P = 0.010). Baseline sAxl levels decreased in CRs (P = 0.002) and HRs (P<0.001), but not in non-responders; levels ≥36.6 ng/mL yielded a >5 times higher probability of histology-based response (odds ratio, OR: 5.5; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.2-25.1). High post-treatment sAxl levels were associated with worsening in chronicity index scores (P = 0.025); low levels predicted favourable renal outcome (creatinine ≤88.4 µmol/L) 10 years after the baseline renal biopsy (area under the curve: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.54-0.89). In conclusion, sAxl may prove useful as a marker of renal activity, histological response to immunosuppression, and renal damage progression in LN. Persistently high sAxl levels after completion of treatment may be indicative of a need for treatment intensification.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Rim/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/diagnóstico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/sangue , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Longitudinais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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