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1.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(2): 358-366, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655119

RESUMO

In this prospective randomized study, we compared the outcomes of single-unit umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT) and unmanipulated haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in adults with hematologic malignancies. All patients received a myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen consisting of thiotepa, busulfan, and fludarabine, with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) added for UCBT recipients. Nineteen patients were randomized to UCBT and the other 26 to haplo-HSCT. Four patients (15%) allocated to the haplo-HSCT arm lacked a suitable donor and were crossed over to the UCBT arm. Finally, 23 underwent UCBT and 22 underwent haplo-HSCT. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil recovery was 87% at a median of 19 days (range, 13 to 24 days) in the UCBT arm versus 100% at a median of 17 days (range, 13 to 25 days) in the haplo-SCT arm (P = .04). Platelet recovery was 70% at a median of 40 days (range, 18 to 129 days) in the UCBT arm versus 86% at a median of 24 days (range, 12 to 127 days) in the haplo-HCT arm (P = .02). Rates of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade II-IV or grade III-IV, overall chronic GVHD, and extensive chronic GVHD in the UCBT and Haplo-SCT arms were 43% versus 36% (P = .8), 9% versus 9% (P = 1), 66% versus 43% (P = .04), and 41% versus 23% (P = .2), respectively. Two-year nonrelapse mortality and relapse in the 2 arms were 52% versus 23% (P = .06) and 17% versus 23% (P = .5), respectively. Two-year disease-free survival, overall survival, and GVHD/relapse-free survival in the 2 arms were 30% versus 54% (P = .2), 35% versus 59% (P = .1), and 17% versus 40% (P = .04), respectively. Our data show that in the context of an MAC regimen, haplo-SCT with PTCy provides improved outcomes compared with ATG-containing single-unit UCBT.

2.
BMJ Open ; 9(5): e025744, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129580

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) has historically been one of the major causes of severe sepsis and death among neutropenic cancer patients. There has been a recent increase of multidrug-resistant PA (MDRPA) isolates that may determine a worse prognosis, particularly in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this study is to establish the impact of antibiotic resistance on the outcome of neutropenic onco-haematological patients with PA bacteraemia, and to identify the risk factors for MDRPA bacteraemia and mortality. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a retrospective, observational, multicentre, international study. All episodes of PA bacteraemia occurring in neutropenic onco-haematological patients followed up at the participating centres from 1 January 2006 to 31 May 2018 will be retrospectively reviewed. The primary end point will be overall case-fatality rate within 30 days of onset of PA bacteraemia. The secondary end points will be to describe the following: the incidence and risk factors for multidrug-resistant and extremely drug-resistant PA bacteraemia (by comparing the episodes due to susceptible PA with those produced by MDRPA), the efficacy of ceftolozane/tazobactam, the rates of persistent bacteraemia and bacteraemia relapse and the risk factors for very early (48 hours), early (7 days) and overall (30 days) case-fatality rates. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Bellvitge University Hospital approved the protocol of the study at the primary site. To protect personal privacy, identifying information of each patient in the electronic database will be encrypted. The processing of the patients' personal data collected in the study will comply with the Spanish Data Protection Act of 1998 and with the European Directive on the privacy of data. All data collected, stored and processed will be anonymised. Results will be reported at conferences and in peer-reviewed publications.

3.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(15): 4616-4623, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043390

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The biologically active metabolite of vitamin D3, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (vit D), has immunoregulatory properties via binding vitamin D receptor (VDR). In a prospective trial, we previously reported a reduction in the incidence of chronic GvHD (cGvHD) among patients who received vit D after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT; Clinical Trials.gov: NCT02600988). Here we analyze the role of patients and donors' VDR SNPs on the immunomodulatory effect of vit D. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing allo-HSCT were included in a prospective phase I/II clinical trial (Alovita) in three consecutive cohorts: control (without vit D), low-dose (1,000 IU/day), and high-dose (5,000 IU/day) groups. Vit D was given from day -5 until +100 after transplant. Genotyping of four SNPs of the VDR gene, FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI, were performed using TaqMan SNP genotyping assays. RESULTS: We observed a decrease in the incidence of overall cGvHD at 1 year after allo-HSCT depending on the use or not of vit D among patients with FokI CT genotype (22.5% vs 80%, P = 0.0004) and among those patients without BsmI/ApaI/TaqI ATC haplotype (22.2% vs 68.8%, P = 0.0005). In a multivariate analysis, FokI CT genotype significantly influenced the risk of cGvHD in patients treated with vit D as compared with the control group (HR 0.143, P interaction < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that the immunomodulatory effect of vit D depends on the VDR SNPs, and patients carrying the FokI CT genotype display the highest benefit from receiving vit D after allo-HSCT.

4.
Mycoses ; 62(6): 526-533, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posaconazole (PCZ) is used mainly for the prevention of invasive fungal infection (IFI). METHODS: A multicentre retrospective, investigational study using a non-randomized, single-arm design carried out in six tertiary hospitals in Spain to evaluate the use of PCZ in different forms of administration in the (non-prophylactic) treatment of IFI. RESULTS: Over an eight-year-period, 67 patients were included in this study. PCZ was administered as salvage therapy (intolerant or refractory to a previous antifungal agent) in 65/67 (97%); of these, it was used against Aspergillosis (68.6%), Zygomycosis (13.4%), other moulds (8.9%) and yeast (10.5%). The median duration of PCZ therapy was 75 days. The oral solution was associated with low serum levels (<0.7 mg/L) in 63% of available patients. Clinical response at 3 and 12 months of PCZ therapy were for aspergillosis: 47.8% and 41.3%; for zygomycosis: 55.5% and 55.5%; and for other mycoses: 69.2% and 69.2%, respectively. Suspension by toxicity was only observed in 6% and 7.5% of patients at 3 and 12 months, respectively, mainly with grade III/IV elevations of liver function test (LFTs). CONCLUSIONS: Posaconazole salvage therapy, especially oral tablets, can be an effective alternative option for patients with IFI who cannot tolerate or do not respond to other antifungal therapies.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Triazóis/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antifúngicos/efeitos adversos , Antifúngicos/farmacocinética , Análise Química do Sangue , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento , Triazóis/efeitos adversos , Triazóis/farmacocinética , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(7): 1176, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733543

RESUMO

In the original version of this article, author 'Lucia López-Corral' was incorrectly listed as 'Lucia López'. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the article to 'Lucia López-Corral'.

7.
Exp Hematol ; 62: 24-32, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29526774

RESUMO

Relapse of acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (Allo-HCT) entails a dismal prognosis. In this scenario, donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) and second Allo-HCT are two major approaches. We compared outcomes of AL patients treated for relapse with DLI or second Allo-HCT after receiving debulking therapy. In total, 46 patients were included in the study; 30 (65%) had acute myeloid leukemia and 16 (35%) had acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The median age was 38 years (range 4-66). Twenty-seven patients received a second Allo-HCT and 19 patients received DLI. The median follow-up of the cohort was 273 days (range 9-7013). Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), nonrelapse mortality, and cumulative incidence (CI) of relapse were calculated from DLI or second Allo-HCT date. In univariate analysis, second Allo-HCT was associated with higher OS (p = 0.021) and a trend to higher DFS (p = 0.097) and CI of relapse (p = 0.094) on univariate analysis. However, multivariate analysis showed comparable outcomes between DLI and second Allo-HCT, with the time interval to relapse before DLI or second Allo-HCT the only statistically significant factor with an impact on OS and DFS. Within the DLI cohort, T-cell-depleted Allo-HCT was associated with higher OS (p = 0.003) and DFS (p < 0.001) and lower CI of relapse (p = 0.002) than T-cell-replete Allo-HCT. Overall, in this cohort of AL patients, second Allo-HCT and DLI associated similar outcomes. As in other relapse studies, the length of remission (time to relapse) was identified as a factor with statistical impact on survival. Further studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Efeito Enxerto vs Leucemia , Humanos , Imunossupressão , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Procedimentos de Redução de Leucócitos , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adulto Jovem
8.
Lancet Haematol ; 4(12): e573-e583, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29153975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Continuation of empirical antimicrobial therapy (EAT) for febrile neutropenia in patients with haematological malignancies until neutrophil recovery could prolong the therapy unnecessarily. We aimed to establish whether EAT discontinuation driven by a clinical approach regardless of neutrophil recovery would optimise the duration of therapy. METHODS: We did an investigator-driven, superiority, open-label, randomised, controlled phase 4 clinical trial in six academic hospitals in Spain. Eligible patients were adults with haematological malignancies or haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation recipients, with high-risk febrile neutropenia without aetiological diagnosis. An independent, computer-generated randomisation sequence was used to randomly enrol patients (1:1) to the experimental or control group. Investigators were masked to assignment only before randomisation. EAT based on an antipseudomonal ß-lactam drug as monotherapy (ceftazidime or cefepime, meropenem or imipenem, or piperacillin-tazobactam) or as combination therapy (with an aminoglycoside, fluoroquinolone, or glycopeptide) was started according to local protocols and following international guidelines and recommendations. For the experimental group, EAT was withdrawn after 72 h or more of apyrexia plus clinical recovery; for the control group, treatment was withdrawn when the neutrophil count was also 0·5 × 109 cells per L or higher. The primary efficacy endpoint was the number of EAT-free days. Primary analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population. Efficacy and safety analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population and the per-protocol population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01581333. FINDINGS: Between April 10, 2012, and May 31, 2016, 157 episodes among 709 patients assessed for eligibility were included in analyses. 78 patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group and 79 to the control group. The mean number of EAT-free days was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (16·1 [SD 6·3] vs 13·6 [7·2], absolute difference -2·4 [95% CI -4·6 to -0·3]; p=0·026). 636 adverse events were reported (341 in the experimental group vs 295 in the control group; p=0·057) and most (580 [91%]; 323 in the experimental group vs 257 in the control group) were considered mild or moderate (grade 1-2). The most common adverse events in the experimental versus the control group were mucositis (28 [36%] of 78 patients vs 20 [25%] of 79 patients), diarrhoea (23 [29%] of 78 vs 24 [30%] of 79), and nausea and vomiting (20 [26%] of 78 vs 22 [28%] of 79). 56 severe adverse events were reported, 18 in the experimental group and 38 in the control group. One patient died in the experimental group (from hepatic veno-occlusive disease after an allogeneic haemopoietic stem-cell transplantation) and three died in the control group (one from multiorgan failure, one from invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, and one from a post-chemotherapy intestinal perforation). INTERPRETATION: In high-risk patients with haematological malignancies and febrile neutropenia, EAT can be discontinued after 72 h of apyrexia and clinical recovery irrespective of their neutrophil count. This clinical approach reduces unnecessary exposure to antimicrobials and it is safe. FUNDING: Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spanish Ministry of Economy (PI11/02674).


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/uso terapêutico , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Adulto , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Neutropenia Febril/complicações , Neutropenia Febril/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/epidemiologia , Náusea/etiologia , Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Clin Cancer Res ; 22(23): 5673-5681, 2016 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27358490

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We describe the results of a prospective multicenter phase I/II trial evaluating the impact of the use of vitamin D (VitD) from day -5 to +100 on the outcome of patients undergoing allogeneic transplantation (EudraCT: 2010-023279-25; ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02600988). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 150 patients were included in three consecutive cohorts of 50 patients each group: control group (CG, not receive VitD); low-dose group (LdD, received 1,000 IU VitD daily); and high-dose group (HdD, 5,000 IU VitD daily). We measured levels of VitD, cytokines, and immune subpopulations after transplantation. RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in terms of cumulative incidence of overall and grades 2-4 acute GVHD in terms of relapse, nonrelapse mortality, and overall survival. However, a significantly lower cumulative incidence of both overall and moderate plus severe chronic GVHD (cGVHD) at 1 year was observed in LdD (37.5% and 19.5%, respectively) and HdD (42.4% and 27%, respectively) as compared with CG (67.5% and 44.7%, respectively; P < 0.05). In multivariable analysis, treatment with VitD significantly decreased the risk of both overall (for LdD: HR = 0.31, P = 0.002; for HdD: HR = 0.36, P = 0.006) and moderate plus severe cGVHD (for LdD: HR = 0.22, P = 0.001; for HdD: HR = 0.33, P = 0.01). VitD modified the immune response, decreasing the number of B cells and naïve CD8 T cells, with a lower expression of CD40L. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first prospective trial that analyzes the effect of VitD postransplant. We observed a significantly lower incidence of cGVHD among patients receiving VitD. Interestingly, VitD modified the immune response after allo-SCT. Clin Cancer Res; 22(23); 5673-81. ©2016 AACR.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Fatores Imunológicos/imunologia , Vitamina D/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Croat Med J ; 57(3): 247-54, 2016 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27374826

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the toxicity, tolerance, steroid-sparing capacity, effectiveness, and response rate to imatinib and dasatinib for the treatment of severe sclerotic chronic graft-vs-host disease (scGVHD). METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 8 consecutive patients with severe refractory scGVHD who received salvage therapy with imatinib. Patients intolerant and/or refractory to imatinib received dasatinib treatment. RESULTS: 7 patients discontinued imatinib treatment (1 achieved complete response, 5 were resistant and/or intolerant, and 1 developed grade IV neutropenia) and 1 patient achieved prolonged partial response, but died due to an infectious complication while on treatment. 5 patients started dasatinib treatment (3 achieved partial responses and discontinued dasatinib, 1 achieved a durable partial response, but died due to a consecutive rapid pulmonary cGVHD progression and 1 with stable disease discontinued treatment due to gastroenteric intolerance). The response rate (partial and/or complete responses) for severe scGVHD was 25% for imatinib and 60% for dasatinib. CONCLUSION: In our series, dasatinib was better tolerated, safer, steroid-sparing, and had a low incidence of infectious complications, which suggests that it may be a more effective therapeutic alternative for patients with refractory scGVHD than imatinib. Treatment of scGVHD with effective antifibrotic drugs such as TKI, which block the kinase fibrotic pathway, may be a safe and effective therapeutic option, but further studies are needed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Esclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Dasatinibe/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação , Esclerose/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Eur J Haematol ; 96(2): 128-35, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25845981

RESUMO

We report the outcome of 30 consecutive patients with Hodgkin disease (HD) who underwent single-unit UCBT. Most (90%) patients had failed previous autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The conditioning regimens were based on combinations of thiotepa, busulfan, cyclophosphamide or fludarabine, and antithymocyte globulin. The cumulative incidence (CI) of myeloid engraftment was 90% [95% confidence interval (C.I.), 74-98%] with a median of 18 d (range, 10-48). CI of acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) grades II-IV was 30% (95% C.I., 17-44%), while the incidence of chronic GVHD was 42% (95% C.I., 23-77%). The non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 100 d and 4 yr was 30% (95% C.I., 13-46%) and 47% (95% C.I., 29-65%), respectively. EBV-related post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (EBV-PTLD) accounted for more than one-third of transplant-related death, with an estimate incidence of 26% (95% C.I., 9-44). The incidence of relapse at 4 yr was 25% (95% C.I., 9-42%). Four-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 28% and 30%, respectively. Despite a high NRM and an unexpected high incidence of EBV-PTLD, UCBT in heavily pretreated HD patients is an option for patients lacking a suitable adult donor, provided the disease is not in refractory relapse.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/efeitos adversos , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Mononucleose Infecciosa/etiologia , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Herpesvirus Humano 4/patogenicidade , Doença de Hodgkin/imunologia , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Mononucleose Infecciosa/imunologia , Mononucleose Infecciosa/mortalidade , Mononucleose Infecciosa/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida , Tiotepa/uso terapêutico , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
13.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 15(4): 236-44, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25487600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is very heterogeneous. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the prognostic value of several genes in a cohort of 85 MDS and AML patients. RESULTS: Overexpression of glycogen synthase 1 and macrophage migration inhibitory factor genes had an adverse outcome in multivariate analysis (P = .003 and P < .001, respectively). Furthermore, the higher expression of myelocytomatosis oncogene was associated with a lower response to azacitidine (P = .03). CONCLUSION: In the current study we identified a specific gene expression profile as prognostic factors for response to azacitidine and survival in MDS and AML.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Genes myc , Glicogênio Sintase/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Fatores Inibidores da Migração de Macrófagos/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Hipóxia/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Transfusion ; 55(4): 875-9, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25354577

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-dose chemotherapy supported by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is an effective treatment for patients with lymphomas. However, failure to reach the minimum threshold of hematopoietic stem cells to proceed to ASCT may occur, even with the most effective strategies currently available. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We report on 33 patients diagnosed with lymphoma who had at least one prior mobilization failure and received cytarabine at a dose of 400 mg/m(2) /day intravenously × 3 days plus granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) 10 to 12 µg/kg/day as mobilization regimen. The median number of previous lines of chemotherapy was three. RESULTS: Thirty-two of 33 patients (96.8%) reached the target CD34+ cell dose (>2 × 10(6) /kg). The mean (range) number of apheresis procedures was 1.8 (1-3) with 4.69 × 10(6) (1.5 × 10(6) -6.8 × 10(6) )/kg CD34+ cells obtained. All but one patient received chemomobilization in the outpatient department. Severe infections or treatment-related mortality were not observed. All patients that received ASCT (31/33) engrafted without requiring G-CSF during the posttransplant period. CONCLUSION: This study shows that cytarabine at intermediate doses plus G-CSF in patients diagnosed with lymphoma who had a prior mobilization failure is a feasible and effective mobilization regimen.


Assuntos
Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Células , Terapia Combinada , Citarabina/farmacologia , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Doença de Hodgkin/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Linfoma não Hodgkin/sangue , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Clin Infect Dis ; 60(3): 405-14, 2015 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25336623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of the combination of serum galactomannan (GM) assay and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based detection of serum Aspergillus DNA for the early diagnosis and therapy of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in high-risk hematological patients remains unclear. METHODS: We performed an open-label, controlled, parallel-group randomized trial in 13 Spanish centers. Adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome on induction therapy or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients were randomized (1:1 ratio) to 1 of 2 arms: "GM-PCR group" (the results of serial serum GM and PCR assays were provided to treating physicians) and "GM group" (only the results of serum GM were informed). Positivity in either assay prompted thoracic computed tomography scan and initiation of antifungal therapy. No antimold prophylaxis was permitted. RESULTS: Overall, 219 patients underwent randomization (105 in the GM-PCR group and 114 in the GM group). The cumulative incidence of "proven" or "probable" IA (primary study outcome) was lower in the GM-PCR group (4.2% vs 13.1%; odds ratio, 0.29 [95% confidence interval, .09-.91]). The median interval from the start of monitoring to the diagnosis of IA was lower in the GM-PCR group (13 vs 20 days; P = .022), as well as the use of empirical antifungal therapy (16.7% vs 29.0%; P = .038). Patients in the GM-PCR group had higher proven or probable IA-free survival (P = .027). CONCLUSIONS: A combined monitoring strategy based on serum GM and Aspergillus DNA was associated with an earlier diagnosis and a lower incidence of IA in high-risk hematological patients. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT01742026.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Mananas/sangue , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Adulto , Idoso , Aspergilose/etiologia , Aspergilose/genética , Aspergilose/terapia , Aspergillus/genética , DNA Fúngico/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevenção Secundária
16.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 20(10): 1580-5, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24952358

RESUMO

We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the administration of 4 sequential doses (intravenously administered on days 1, 4, 11, and 18) of cryopreserved bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) expanded with platelet lysate and obtained from third-party donors as a second-line treatment for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host (aGVHD) disease in a series of 25 patients. All patients received at least 2 doses of MSC, whereas 21 received 3 doses and 18 received the initially planned 4 doses. Because of the achievement of partial response, 4 patients received additional doses of MSC. Median single cell dose administered was 1.1 × 10(6) MSC/kg of recipient body weight. There were no adverse events related to the MSC infusion in the 99 procedures performed, with the exception of a cardiac ischemic event that occurred twice in a patient with prior history of cardiac ischemia. Response to MSC at 60 days after the first dose was evaluable in 24 patients. Seventeen patients (71%) responded (11 complete and 6 partial responses), with a median time to response of 28 days after the first MSC dose, whereas 7 patients did not respond. In summary, we can conclude that sequential cryopreserved third-party MSC therapy administered on days 1, 4, 11, and 18 is a safe procedure for patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD. This strategy may provide a high rate of overall responses of aGVHD with a low toxicity profile.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Plaquetas/química , Contagem de Células , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados
17.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 14(1): 80-6, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24220615

RESUMO

Incidence, etiology, and outcome of infectious episodes in patients with myeloid neoplasms receiving azacitidine are uncertain, with no prospective data available in this group of patients. The aim of the current study was to analyze the incidence and factors related to the probability of infection in a cohort of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with azacitidine who did not receive any type of antimicrobial prophylaxis. Significantly, the group of patients who received prior intensive chemotherapy had more infectious episodes (P = 10(-4)), and particularly, invasive aspergillosis (P = .015), than patients who received frontline azacitidine. Primary antifungal prophylaxis might be recommended in MDS and AML patients receiving azacitidine as salvage therapy after intensive regimens.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/microbiologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/métodos
18.
Eur J Haematol ; 91(5): 448-55, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23710624

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The standard practice in allogeneic stem cell transplant (alloSCT) is to infuse peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) the same day or the day after collection once the patient has received conditioning regimen. To obtain and freeze PBSC prior to SCT would be desirable to get a better logistic and to confirm the quality of the product. Unfortunately, studies comparing both approaches are lacking. AIM: In this retrospective study, we analyze the impact of using fresh (N: 107) or previously frozen PBSC (N: 224) on overall outcomes among patients consecutively undergoing alloPBSCT from a matched related donor. RESULTS: Granulocyte engraftment (>500/mcl × 3 days) was faster in the frozen group (14 vs. 16 days, respectively; P = 0.001), while no significant differences on platelet recovery were observed. Patients receiving frozen PBSC had a higher incidence of global acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (63 vs. 44%, P < 0.001) mostly involving skin and had an earlier onset (13 vs. 30 days, P < 0.001). Response to first-line treatment with corticoids was similar in both groups. No statistically significant differences were found regarding overall chronic GVHD (58 vs. 66%) nor global survival (44 vs 48%), disease-free survival (39 vs. 33%), non-relapse mortality (24 vs. 16% at 1 year), and relapse rates in the frozen vs. fresh group, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Infusion of previously frozen stem cells may achieve similar overall outcomes compared to fresh infusion, allowing to program donor apheresis and transplantation. However, cryopreservation might influence on the different pattern of aGVHD, issue that deserves further studies.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Antígenos HLA/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 13(2): 144-52, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23137720

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Prognosis of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is an area of ongoing interest. Identification of patients with poor outcome in the categories of lower risk disease is critical. In this study, we classify a cohort of 332 lower risk MDS into 3 groups with differences in survival and risk for leukemic progression that could drive treatment approaches to improve prognosis in a fraction of these patients. BACKGROUND: Prognosis of MDS and particularly in patients categorized as lower risk (< 10% blasts or low and intermediate-1 International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS]) is very heterogeneous and includes patients with very different outcomes with current scoring systems. Recently, a new cytogenetic classification has been proposed for the revised IPSS in predicting the outcome for MDS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To evaluate the prognostic significance of multiple variables for survival and risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia, we analyzed baseline characteristics of 332 lower risk MDS patients within the lower risk cytogenetic categories by IPSS and the recent proposal for the new cytogenetic classification. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, severity of cytopenias, age > 60 years, bone marrow blasts (5%-9%) and transfusion dependency significantly influenced outcome. The combination of these variables allowed development of a model which categorizes patients in 3 different groups with median survival of 95, 44, and 13 months for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively (P < .001). In addition, this score also stratified patients for their risk for leukemic progression, estimated at 2 years in 3.1%, 7.6%, and 21.3% for each group (P = .024). CONCLUSION: Although karyotype remains the main prognostic factor in MDS, the current study identifies clinical parameters predicting outcome among patients with the better cytogenetic profile. Degree of cytopenias, blasts 5%-9% and transfusion dependence might identify a subset of patients within the nonadverse karyotype, in which early or more aggressive approaches could possibly be required to improve survival or prevent disease progression.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Cariótipo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
20.
Haematologica ; 98(4): 526-32, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23065527

RESUMO

Different types of graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis have been proposed in the setting of reduced intensity and non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation. An alternative combination with sirolimus and tacrolimus has recently been tested although comparative studies against the classical combination of a calcineurin inhibitor and mycophenolate mofetil or methotrexate are lacking. We describe the results of a prospective, multicenter trial using sirolimus + tacrolimus as immunoprophylaxis, and compare this approach with our previous experience using cyclosporine + mycophenolate in the setting of unrelated donor transplantation setting after reduced-intensity conditioning. Forty-five patients received cyclosporine + mycophenolate between 2002 and mid-2007, while the subsequent 50 patients, who were transplanted from late 2007, were given sirolimus + tacrolimus. No significant differences were observed in terms of hematopoietic recovery or acute graft-versus-host disease overall, although gastrointestinal acute graft-versus-host disease grade ≥ 2 was more common in the cyclosporine + mycophenolate group (55% versus 21%, respectively, P=0.003). The 1-year cumulative incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease was 50% versus 90% for the patients treated with the sirolimus- versus cyclosporine-based regimen, respectively (P<0.001), while the incidence of extensive chronic disease was 27% versus 49%, respectively (P=0.043). The 2-year non-relapse mortality rate was 18% versus 38% for patients receiving the sirolimus- versus the cyclosporine-based regimen, respectively (P=0.02). The event-free survival and overall survival at 2 years were 53% versus 29% (P=0.028) and 70% versus 45% (P=0.018) among patients receiving the sirolimus- versus the cyclosporine-based regimen, respectively. In conclusion, in the setting of reduced intensity transplantation from an unrelated donor, promising results can be achieved with the combination of sirolimus + tacrolimus, due to a lower risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease and non-relapse mortality, which translates into better event-free and overall survival rates, in comparison with those achieved with cyclosporine + mycophenolate.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/induzido quimicamente , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Micofenólico/análogos & derivados , Estudos Prospectivos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Tacrolimo/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto Jovem
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