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1.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 258-265, set. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012419

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of this research was to perform a systematic review to identify the most frequent uses of PLA/ PGA in alveolar bone regeneration and their results. A study was designed to answer the question: What are the most frequent uses of PLA/PLGA and their copolymers in alveolar bone regeneration?. A systematic search was done on MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS from April 1993 to December 2017. The search string used on MEDLINE was: (((polylactic acid) OR PLA) OR PLA-based copolymers) OR PLA blends) OR PLA scaffolds)) AND ((("Bone Regeneration"[Mesh]) OR bone regeneration) OR guided bone regeneration). The search was complemented by a manual review of the references from the articles included. Most of the studies selected were weak and, regarding the most frequent uses of PLA/PGA, 13 studies used it as a resorbable membrane, two as an absorbable mesh, one as an absorbable screw and three as filling material. Based on our results, the authors consider that PLA/PGA requires a delicate relation between the mechanical resistance and the degradation process. PLA/PGA does not interrupt bone regeneration; however, the influence in cellular events related to bone regeneration and later osseointegration have not been identified.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta revisión fue realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura para identificar los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PGA en regeneración ósea en área maxilofacial y sus resultados. Se diseñó un estudio para responder a la pregunta: ¿Cuáles son los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PLGA y sus copolímeros en regeneración ósea en el sector maxilofacial?. Los estudios seleccionados fueron en su mayoría débiles y sobre los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PGA, 13 estudios lo utilizaron como membrana reabsorbible, 2 estudios como malla absorbible, un estudio como tornillo absorbible y 3 estudios como material de relleno. En base a nuestros resultados, los autores estiman que PLA/PGA requiere una delicada relación entre la resistencia mecánica que ofrece y la degradación que se produce; PLA/ PGA no interrumpe la regeneración ósea, sin embargo, no se ha identificado la potencialidad o influencia que presenta en los eventos celulares de la regeneración y posterior oseointegración.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 232-236, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990032

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The nasolabial region is the central esthetic unit of the face and is considered one of the most important determinants of the facial esthetic. The facial morphometry of soft tissues is a very important tool in facial surgery. Advances have been made recently in the capture and analysis of 3D images, which offer great development potential in the diagnosis and treatment of facial deformities. The aim of this study was to characterize the nasolabial region of patient candidates for orthognathic surgery using 3D facial captures. A study was conducted to characterize the width of the nasal base and the nasolabial angle in adult patients through 3D photographs. 30 subjects were included, taking two 3D photos each, one in a resting position and the other smiling. The three-dimensional capture was done with the 3dMDface System. The measurements were taken with the 3dMD Vultus software. The length of the alar base was an average of 34.3 ± 2.6 mm at rest, and 39.1 ± 2.9 mm smiling. The mean of the nasolabial angle was 104.6 ± 9.6° at rest and 105.4 ± 14.3º smiling. Additionally, the distance of the alar base smiling compared to its distance at rest increased an average of 4.83 mm, whereas the nasolabial angle smiling increased an average of 0.8º compared to at rest. In this study, the nasolabial angle did not present any significant changes so that its assessments in the case of facial modifications can be standard; the width of the nasal base is significantly modified with the smile and thus a more intense study of any type of modification in this area is required.


RESUMEN: La región nasolabial es la unidad estética central de la cara y se considera uno de los determinantes más importantes de la estética facial. La morfometría facial en tejidos bandos, es una herramienta de gran importancia en Cirugía Facial. En el último tiempo, se han realizado avances en captura y análisis de imágenes 3D, las cuales ofrecen un gran potencial de desarrollo en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las deformidades faciales. El objetivo de éste trabajo fue caracterizar mediante capturas faciales 3D la región nasolabial de pacientes candidatos a cirugía ortognática. Se realizó un estudio para caracterizar a través de fotografías tridimensionales de pacientes adultos el ancho de la base nasal y el ángulo nasolabial. Se incluyeron 30 sujetos, tomando 2 fotografías 3D a cada uno, una en posición de reposo y otra en sonrisa. Se realizó la captura tridimensional con la camara facial 3dMDface System. Las mediciones fueron realizadas con el software 3dMD Vultus. La longitud de base alar en reposo, fue en promedio de 34,3 ± 2,6 mm, y de 39,1 ± 2,9 mm, en sonrisa. Por otra parte, la media del ángulo nasolabial en reposo fue de 104,6 ± 9,6° y en sonrisa, de 105,4 ± 14,3º. Por otro lado, la distancia de la base alar en sonrisa respecto a su distancia en reposo, aumentó un promedio de 4,83 mm, mientras que el ángulo nasolabial en sonrisa, aumentó en promedio 0,8º respecto a la posición de reposo. En esta investigación, el ángulo nasolabial no presentó cambios significativos de forma que su valoración frente a modificaciones faciales puede ser estándar; el ancho de base nasal se modifica significativamente con la sonrisa de forma que su estudio debe ser más agudo frente a cualquier tipo de modificación en esta zona.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 11(8)2018 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30050009

RESUMO

Platelet-Rich fibrin (PRF) is a three-dimensional (3-D) autogenous biomaterial obtained via simple and rapid centrifugation from the patient's whole blood samples, without including anti-coagulants, bovine thrombin, additives, or any gelifying agents. At the moment, it is safe to say that in oral and maxillofacial surgery, PRFs (particularly, the pure platelet-rich fibrin or P-PRF and leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin or L-PRF sub-families) are receiving the most attention, essentially because of their simplicity, cost-effectiveness, and user-friendliness/malleability; they are a fairly new "revolutionary" step in second-generation therapies based on platelet concentration, indeed. Yet, the clinical effectiveness of such surgical adjuvants or regenerative platelet concentrate-based preparations continues to be highly debatable, primarily as a result of preparation protocol variability, limited evidence-based clinical literature, and/or poor understanding of bio-components and clinico-mechanical properties. To provide a practical update on the application of PRFs during oral surgery procedures, this critical review focuses on evidence obtained from human randomized and controlled clinical trials only. The aim is to serve the reader with current information on the clinical potential, limitations, challenges, and prospects of PRFs. Accordingly, reports often associate autologous PRFs with early bone formation and maturation; accelerated soft-tissue healing; and reduced post-surgical edema, pain, and discomfort. An advanced and original tool in regenerative dentistry, PRFs present a strong alternative and presumably cost-effective biomaterial for oro-maxillo-facial tissue (soft and hard) repair and regeneration. Yet, preparation protocols continue to be a source of confusion, thereby requiring revision and standardization. Moreover, to increase the validity, comprehension, and therapeutic potential of the reported findings or observations, a decent analysis of the mechanico-rheological properties, bio-components, and their bioactive function is eagerly needed and awaited; afterwards, the field can progress toward a brand-new era of "super" oro-dental biomaterials and bioscaffolds for use in oral and maxillofacial tissue repair and regeneration, and beyond.

4.
Rev. argent. cir ; 110(2): 106-108, jun. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-957903

RESUMO

El objetivo es discutir el manejo del hemotórax traumático con cirugía videoasistida (VATS) y una revisión de sus principales indicaciones. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con hemotórax por traumatismo penetrante. Inicialmente manejado con pleurostomía, evoluciona con persistencia del sangrado, por lo que se explora. Como hallazgo se encuentra una lesión de arteria torácica interna que se controla con clips de VATS. El paciente evoluciona estable, sin dolor, por lo que se da de alta al tercer día. El manejo quirúrgico preferido del traumatismo de tórax clásicamente ha sido la toracotomía, pero los abordajes mínimamente invasivos han ganado espacio gracias a su menor morbilidad asociada. Algunos de sus beneficios son el menor dolor en el posoperatorio, menor sangrado y menor tiempo operatorio. Algunas indicaciones validadas son el hemotórax retenido y la persistencia del sangrado, siempre que el paciente se encuentre hemodinámicamente estable y no haya sospecha de lesión cardíaca o de grandes vasos. Se concluye que la VATS es una técnica apropiada en casos seleccionados de hemotórax traumático, pero el abordaje de elección sigue siendo la toracotomía tradicional.


The objective is to discuss the use of video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in thoracic trauma and to review the most common indications. A young male with a hemothorax due to penetrating trauma is seen at the emergency department. Initial management with a pleural tube revealed persistence of bleeding so surgical exploration was performed. A lesion of the internal thoracic artery was found and controlled with VATS using laparoscopic clips. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and was discharged home on the third day posterior to surgery. Usually, surgical management of thoracic trauma has been thoracotomy, but minimally invasive procedures have gained terrain in this area thanks to their lower morbility. Some benefits of these are less postoperative pain, less bleeding, and shorter surgical time. Its validated indications include retained hemothorax and persistent bleeding, but only if the patient is hemodinamically stable and cardiac or large vessel lesions are not suspected. As a conclussion, VATS is an appropriate technique for selected cases of traumatic hemothorax, but thoracotomy still remains as the prefered surgical approach.

5.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 362-366, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893235

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to ascertain the distance from the mandibular canal to the lateral, medial and upper zones of the mandibular ramus in order to identify safety margins that reduce the risk of nerve injuries in the process of removing a bone graft. A descriptive study was conducted, analyzing bilaterally 20 CBCT exams from different patients, taking measurements at 4 points in the central, lateral and medial areas of the corresponding mandibular ramus, which was located at a distance of 5 mm between each line, starting at the distal point of the second molar. Forty hemimandibles were included in this study, estimating a vertical distance for the 4 points of analysis, from between 16 and 17 mm, a distance laterally of 5 mm approximately and medially approximately from 3 to 3.9 mm; the lateral zone was significantly larger than the medial zone. It is estimated that the maximum achievement of a bone block from the area posterior to the second molar must be 13 mm deep and 3 mm laterally to minimize the risks of injuries to the inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta investigación fue conocer la distancia que existe desde el canal mandibular a la zona lateral, medial y a la zona superior de la rama mandibular a fin de identificar márgenes de seguridad que minimicen el riesgo de lesiones nerviosas en el proceso de retiro de un injerto óseo. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, analizando bilateralmente 20 exámenes CBCT de pacientes distintos, realizando mediciones en 4 puntos de la zona central, lateral y medial de la rama mandibular correspondiente, los cuales fueron ubicados con distancia de 5 mm entre cada línea, iniciando en el punto distal del segundo molar. Cuarenta hemimandíbulas fueron incluidas en esta investigación, estimando una distancia vertical, para los 4 puntos de análisis, de entre 16 y 17 mm, una distancia hacia lateral de 5 mm aproximadamente y hacia medial aproximadamente de 3 a 3,9 mm; la zona lateral fue significativamente mas grande que la zona medial. Se estima, que la obtención máxima de un bloque óseo desde la zona posterior al segundo molar debe ser con 13 mm de profundidad y 3 mm desde lateral para minimizar los riesgos de lesiones al paquete neurovascular alveolar inferior.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Ósseo , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Sítio Doador de Transplante/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Sítio Doador de Transplante/anatomia & histologia
6.
Implant Dent ; 27(1): 111-118, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29210825

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim was to determine the survival rate of dental implants installed in the posterior region of the maxilla after a graftless maxillary sinus lift via the lateral window approach and to identify the factors involved in the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was done on MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, Scopus, and Science Direct up to June 2016; additional studies were identified through an analysis of references. Primary studies in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and French were included; the selection and data extraction process was conducted by 2 investigators independently, and the methodological quality was evaluated by means of the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool. RESULTS: The combined search identified 232 articles. After the selection process, 11 articles were identified, 9 of which were prospective and 2 were retrospective. In all of them, the graftless maxillary sinus lift was done with the immediate installation of the implant. All the studies included presented a low methodological quality. The mean survival rate of the implants was 97% with an average new intrasinus bone formation of 6.2 mm. CONCLUSION: This technique has a high implant survival although it is not possible to identify its correct indication and contraindication.


Assuntos
Levantamento do Assoalho do Seio Maxilar/métodos , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea/métodos , Implantes Dentários , Humanos , Seio Maxilar/cirurgia
7.
J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 43(4): 214-220, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875135

RESUMO

Maxillary sinus lift for dental implant installation is a well-known and versatile technique; new techniques are presented based on the physiology of intrasinus bone repair. The aim of this review was to determine the status of graftless maxillary sinus lift and analyze its foundations and results. A search was conducted of the literature between 1995 and 2015 in the Medline, ScienceDirect, and SciELO databases using the keywords "maxillary sinus lift," "blood clot," "graftless maxillary sinus augmentation," and "dental implant placement." Ten articles were selected for our analysis of this technique and its results. Despite the limited information, cases that were followed for at least six months and up to four years had a 90% success rate. Published techniques included a lateral window, elevation of the sinus membrane, drilling and dental implant installation, descent of the membrane with variations in the installation of the lateral wall access and suturing. The physiology behind this new bone formation response and the results of the present research were also discussed. We concluded that this is a promising and viable technique under certain inclusion criteria.

8.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(3): 1102-1106, Sept. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893100

RESUMO

The maxillary sinus (MS) is described as a pyramid-shaped cavity of the maxilla. Knowledge of its morphology makes it possible to define normality and abnormality so that its three-dimensional analysis can be a valuable preoperative tool during surgery in this anatomical area. The aim of this study is to present a strategy of morphological analysis of the MS using 3D printing acquired through computed cone beam tomography (CBCT) images. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, including 15 subjects (8 women and 7 men). The 3D virtual reconstruction and modeling was done on the MSs bilaterally, and 30 physical models were produced on a 3D printer. The results revealed that the MSs obtained exhibited various morphologies. An individual analysis of each MS allowed the tripod nature of the MS to be defined. We also were able to observe anatomical repairs such as the MS ostium, as well as complex areas affecting important surgical decisions. This method for creating 3D models of MSs provides a new approach to understanding the precise anatomical characteristics in these structures, which cannot be assessed in the same way on a 2D screen. It may be concluded that 3D printouts of the MS are a suitable method of preoperative analysis that can be useful in educating the patient, however, less time-consuming strategies should be explored.


El seno maxilar (SM) es una cavidad piramidal en maxila. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una estrategia de análisis morfológico del SM utilizando impresión 3D a través de la adquisición de imágenes provenientes de tomografías computadorizadas cone beam (TCCB). Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal incluyendo 15 sujetos (8 mujeres y 7 hombres). Se realizó la reconstrucción y modelado virtual 3D de los SMs bilateralmente y se obtuvieron 30 modelos físicos generados en una impresora 3D. Los resultados arrojaron que los SMs obtenidos presentaban morfologías variadas, el análisis individual de cada SM permitió definir la condición tripoidal del SM, reparos anatómicos como el ostium del SM, mientras que zonas complejas relacionadas a decisiones quirúrgicas importantes pudieron ser observadas. Este método de creación de modelos 3D de SMs entrega un nuevo enfoque que permite apreciar características anatómicas precisas de estas estructuras, que no se pueden evaluar de la misma forma en una pantalla 2D. Se puede concluir que la impresión 3D de SM entrega un método de analisis prequirúrgico adecuado y que puede ser útil en la educación del paciente; otras estrategias con menor consumo de tiempo deben ser exploradas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Seio Maxilar/anatomia & histologia , Modelos Anatômicos , Impressão Tridimensional , Estudos Transversais
9.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(2): 236-242, June 2017. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-893256

RESUMO

Bone grafts are widely used in alveolar ridge augmentations to allow correct implant installations. Intraoral donor sites, such as the maxillary tuberosity, symphysis and mandibular ramus have presented good characteristics and outcomes; however, the mandibular ramus has comparative advantages that promote its increased use. The aim of this work is to describe the current results of the mandibular ramus as a donor site for obtaining bone grafts to be used in alveolar bone augmentations in oral implantology and to determine the survival rate of the implants installed in the grafted sites. A systematic search of the scientific literature between December 2000 and March 2017 was carried out on the MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS and SciELO databases, analyzing each article according to the method of diagnosis and planning, bone resorption at the receptor site, presence of postoperative complications and implant survival rate. Eleven works were included in this study with an average of 43 patients; the follow-up times varied between 6 and 120 months, considering in addition an average success rate of 98.7 % in the implants installed in sites reconstructed with mandibular ramus bone; low morbidity in the site mainly linked to temporary neurosensory alterations was identified. It may be concluded that the need for a second surgical site to obtain graft material and the longer time the treatment requires until implant rehabilitation continue to be disadvantages; nevertheless, the mandibular ramus donor site presents low morbidity, high versatility in its use and predictable results for the dental implant installation.


Los injertos óseos son ampliamente utilizados en el aumento de rebordes alveolares atróficos para permitir la correcta instalación de implantes. Sitios donantes intraorales, tales como tuberosidad de la maxila, sínfisis y rama mandibular han presentado buenas caracteristicas y resultados, sin embargo la rama mandibular presenta ventajas comparativas que estimulan el aumento en su uso. El objetivo de éste trabajo es describir los resultados actuales de la rama mandibular como sitio donante en la obtención de injertos óseos para ser utilizados en aumentos oseos alveolares en implantología oral y determinar la tasa de sobrevida de los implantes instalados en los sitios injertados. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura científica entre Diciembre del 2000 y Marzo de 2017 en las bases de datos MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS y SciELO, analizando cada articulo según el método de diagnóstico y planificación, la reabsorción ósea en el sitio receptor, presencia de complicaciones postoperatorias y tasa de sobrevida de los implantes dentales instalados. Se incluyeron 11 trabajos en este estudio con un promedio de 43 pacientes; los tiempos de seguimiento de los sujetos fluctuaron entre los 6 y 120 meses, considerando además una tasa de éxito promedio de 98,7 % en los implantes instalados en sitios reconstruidos con hueso de rama mandibular; se identificó una baja morbilidad en el sitio donante vinculada principalmente a alteraciones neurosensoriales transitorias. Se puede concluir que continúa siendo una desventajas la necesidad del segundo sitio operatorio para la obtención de injerto y el mayor tiempo que alcanza el tratamiento hasta la rehabilitación del implante; aun asi, el sitio donante de rama mandibular presenta baja morbilidad, alta versatilidad en su empleo y resultados predecibles para la instalación de implantes dentales.

10.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 3(2): 875-879, 2016. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-790618

RESUMO

El objetivo de este articulo es presentar el caso de un paciente con diagnóstico de deficiencia transversal de maxila tratado para rehabilitar el sector anterior. El diagnóstico de la deformidad dento facial se realizó utilizando estudios de rutina que incluyen análisis de imagen y clínicos determinando una compresión maxilar con mordida cruzada posterior bilateral y mal posición de dientes 11 y 21; el diente 11 presentaba alteraciones óseas y dentarias imposibles de rehabilitar llevando a la exodoncia del diente. Se desarrollo posteriormente la técnica de expansión asistida quirúrgicamente de maxila para mejorar los espa- cios de instalación y la oclusión del paciente. Posteriormente se realizó la instalación del implante y su rehabilitación con prótesis fija singular. Se discute el tratamiento interdisciplinario y las opciones utilizadas en el abordaje. Se concluye que la integración de diagnósticos dentales, esqueletales y faciales permite establecer terapias adecuadas en casos complejos...


The aim of this paper is to show a case of a patient with a transversal deficience of maxillae treated to make rehabilitation in the anterior area. The diagnosis of dentofacial deformities was realized using routine studies incorporating image and clinical analysis to observe the bilateral posterior crossbite and abnormal position in tooth 11 and 21; the 11 showed alterations in bone and teeth with no possibilities to make the prosthetic treatment making the dental extraction. Later, was realized the installation of the implant and the rehabilitation with fixed prosthesis. Is discussed the treatment and the options used in the approach. Was concluded that the integration of diagnosis dental, skeletal and facial could make an adequate therapy in complex cases...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Implantação Dentária/métodos , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Reabilitação Bucal
11.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 23(5): 596-8, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25348160

RESUMO

We describe the rare case of a 71-year-old man with a chest mass that was found to be an intrathoracic gossypiboma left 52 years earlier during an emergency lung bilobectomy. This mass was complicated by extension across the chest wall. There are no reports in the literature of a patient carrying a thoracic gossypiboma for such a long period of time, let alone with extension across the chest wall.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico , Pneumonectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tampões de Gaze Cirúrgicos , Parede Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Corpos Estranhos/etiologia , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Radiografia Torácica , Parede Torácica/patologia , Parede Torácica/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
13.
World J Surg ; 34(11): 2735-44, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20661563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of the International Association for Trauma Surgery and Intensive Care (IATSIC)/World Health Organization (WHO)'s Guidelines for Essential Trauma Care (EsTC Guidelines) in providing an internationally applicable and standardized template to assess trauma care capabilities in the South American Region. METHODS: Field assessment was conducted in seven provinces (urban and rural, pop. 2,239,509) and 24 facilities (5 large hospitals (LH); 15 small hospitals (SH); 4 basic hospitals (BH)) in Ecuador using EsTC criteria. A total of 260 individual items in Human Resources (HR- availability, clinical knowledge, skills) and physical resources (PR) were evaluated via inspection, review of local statistics, and administrative and staff interviews. EsTC was evaluated on a scale as follows: 0 (absent); 1(inadequate; < 50%); 2 (partly adequate > 50%); 3 (adequate-100%). RESULTS: 210,045 Emergency Department (ED) visits and 61,365 (29%) ED trauma visits were recorded (incidence rate 2,740/100,000 population). Deficits were noted in prehospital trauma care (inadequate coordination, communication), education and training (ATLS < 30%, TNCC 0%), facility based trauma care (poor physical resources [PR] and human resources [HR]), and quality assurance (1/27 hospitals). CONCLUSIONS: The IATSIC/WHO EsTC Guidelines provide a simple and useful template to assess trauma care capability in variable facilities and international settings, and they could serve as a valuable tool for trauma system development. Endorsement of EsTC Guidelines by the Panamerican Health Organization and lead trauma societies (the Panamerican Trauma Society) should be considered.


Assuntos
Diretrizes para o Planejamento em Saúde , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Equador/epidemiologia , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
14.
Parasitol. latinoam ; 61(1/2): 94-97, jun. 2006.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-432856

RESUMO

Las diversas inquietudes planteadas por pacientes chagásicos crónicos en relación a su condición clínica, motivaron a un grupo de parasitólogos a diseñar un programa de intervención educativa. Participaron en forma voluntaria 72 pacientes, 32 hombres y 40 mujeres, procedentes de zona de alta y baja endemia chagásica de Chile. La metodología docente consistió fundamentalmente en: aplicación de test diagnóstico y de conocimientos adquiridos; sesiones teóricas que abordaron seis temáticas relacionadas; actividades prácticas tutoriales; utilización de material audiovisual e impreso; atención personalizada por médico parasitólogo (posterior a la intervención educativa y con los antecedentes serológicos, electrocardiográficos y parasitológicos previamente determinados) y evaluación de la actividad educativa por parte de los pacientes. Un mayor conocimiento previo y adquirido se observó en chagásicos crónicos procedentes de zonas endémicas. Todos demos-traron un alto grado de interés y participaron activamente de las actividades programadas. La metodología utilizada, el trabajo tutorial de pequeño grupo y la atención-orientación individual por parte del médico parasitólogo, facilitaron el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje. Se concluye que la intervención educativa responde a muchas de las interrogantes respecto de la afección, permite al paciente reconocer el rol que le cabe como protagonista de su propio bienestar y lo transforma en un eficaz agente en el control de la enfermedad de Chagas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Doença de Chagas , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Chile , Doença Crônica , Educação em Saúde
15.
Educ. méd. contin ; (49): 13-7, dic. 1995. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-178371

RESUMO

Se revisó 2658 casos de pacientes que han ingresado en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Regional "Vicente Corral Moscoso" durante el período de 15 años se analizaron los datos de acuerdo a las variables de sexo, edad, tiempo de estadia, origen de la transferencia, mortalidad general y patología detectada. Es de notar que la casuistica encontrada está acorde con trabajos previos realizados en nuestro país y el exteriorñ en alunas variables, como edad, mortalidad y patología, se estudia su proyección en el transcurso de todo el período para su mejor comprensión, se concluye que las cifras encontradas concuerdan de manera general con las de otras unidades de terapia intensiva y se hacen recomendaciones sobre el ingreso de pacientes, asi como la optimización del registro de datos en el libro de pacientes, así como la optimización del registro de datos en el libro de estadisticas de la UCI.


Assuntos
Humanos , /estatística & dados numéricos , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Estatísticas Vitais
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