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1.
Braz Dent J ; 31(3): 236-243, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667516

RESUMO

This study aimed to quantify the penetration of hydrogen peroxide, color change evaluation, surface morphology, and composition after application of desensitizing agents before in-office bleaching. Fifty premolars were sectioned, an acetate buffer was placed in the pulp chamber and divided into five groups (n=10). In the positive control group, only the in-office bleaching gel was used, and in the negative control group, no treatment was used. Three different desensitizing agents were applied: Desensibilize KF2%® group; Mi Paste® group, and Desensibilize Nano-P® group. The bleaching procedure was carried out with 35% HP. The absorbance of the resulting solution was determined in a spectrophotometer. Color change was assessed by using a digital spectrophotometer. Four additional premolars were assigned to the same groups above for analysis under scanning electron microscope, as well as to evaluate the elemental composition with X-ray dispersive energy spectrometry. Data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). All products reduced the penetration of HP in the pulp chamber. Mi Paste and Nano P were the products that yielded the lowest HP penetration, which was similar to the negative control group (p<0.001). No significant difference was detected in color change (p<0.001). Concerning enamel morphology, the groups that were analyzed after bleaching were observed a greater deposition of desensitizing agents on the surface. The use of desensitizing agents before tooth bleaching seems to be an alternative to reduce adverse effects of the tooth.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Esmalte Dentário , Cavidade Pulpar , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-8, 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1096444

RESUMO

Objective: This study's aim was to quantify the hydrogen peroxide (HP) penetration into the pulp chamber of teeth submitted to different protocols of bleaching. Material and Methods: Ninety premolars were randomly divided into nine groups according to the bleaching agent protocol (n = 10): control (no bleaching), carbamide peroxide 10% [10% CP], carbamide peroxide 16% [16% CP], carbamide peroxide 22% [22% CP], hydrogen peroxide 4% [4% HP], hydrogen peroxide 6% [6% HP], hydrogen peroxide 7.5% [7.5% HP], hydrogen peroxide 10% [10% HP] and hydrogen peroxide 35% [35% HP]. The penetration of HP was measured via spectrophotometric analysis of the acetate buffer solution from the pulp chamber. The absorbance of the resulting solution was determined in a spectrophotometer and converted into equivalent concentration of HP (µg/ mL). To analyze the concentration of HP, the titration of bleaching agents with potassium permanganate was used. Data were subjected to ANOVA and Tukey's test for pairwise comparison (α = 0.05). Results: Higher concentration of HP in the pulp chamber was found in the HP 35% group (p < 0.0001). No significant difference between at-home protocols were observed (p = 0.64). Titration values showed that the concentration of the products was similar to that claimed by the manufacturer. Conclusion: It follows that the amount of HP that reaches the pulp chamber is not proportional to the concentration of whitening gels, but depends on the application time recommended by the manufacturers (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi quantificar a penetração do peróxido de hidrogênio (PH) na câmara pulpar dos dentes submetidos a diferentes protocolos de clareamento. Material e Métodos: Noventa pré-molares foram divididos aleatoriamente em nove grupos, de acordo com o protocolo do agente clareador (n = 10): controle (sem clareamento), peróxido de carbamida 10% [PC 10%], peróxido de carbamida 16% [PC 16%], peróxido de carbamida 22% [PC 22%], peróxido de hidrogênio 4% [PH 4%], peróxido de hidrogênio 6% [PH 6%], peróxido de hidrogênio 7,5% [PH 7,5%], peróxido de hidrogênio 10% [PH 10%] e peróxido de hidrogênio 35% [PH 35%]. A penetração de PH foi medida por análise espectrofotométrica da solução de tampão de acetato da câmara pulpar. A absorvância da solução resultante foi determinada em um espectrofotômetro e convertida em concentração equivalente de PH (µg / mL). Para analisar a concentração de PH, foi utilizada a titulação de agentes clareadores com permanganato de potássio. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA e teste de Tukey para comparação pareada (α = 0,05). Resultados: Foi encontrada maior concentração de PH na câmara pulpar no grupo PH 35% (p < 0,0001). Não foi observada diferença significativa entre os protocolos domiciliares (p = 0,64). Os valores de titulação mostraram que a concentração dos produtos era semelhante à reivindicada pelo fabricante. Conclusão: Conclui-se que a quantidade de PH que atinge a câmara pulpar não é proporcional à concentração de géis clareadores, porém depende do tempo de aplicação recomendado pelos fabricantes.(AU)


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Permeabilidade do Esmalte Dentário , Clareadores , Peróxido de Carbamida , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
3.
Braz Dent J ; 30(3): 285-294, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166394

RESUMO

To answer the following focused question through a systematic review: "Are the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy different between adult patients who undergo at-home bleaching using trays with reservoirs and those who use trays without reservoirs?". A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cochrane Library, and grey literature without restrictions. Abstracts from conferences; unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations and theses (ProQuest Dissertations and Periódicos Capes Theses databases) were searched. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. We used the Risk of Bias tool (RoB) from the Cochrane Collaboration for quality assessment. After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening and full-text examination, nine RCTs remained for qualitative analyses. The great majority of the studies did not report the method of randomization, allocation concealment, and examiner blinding during color assessment. From the nine studies, eight were at unclear risk of bias. In regard to color change, four studies reported no change and two reported improved color change with reservoirs. Only four studies recorded tooth sensitivity and they reported no significant differences. Only one study reported greater gingival irritation with reservoirs. Lack of data reporting prevented us from running a meta-analysis. Further well-designed RCT should be conducted to answer this research question. So far there is not evidence to support that reservoirs in bleaching trays improve color change. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareamento Dental , Adulto , Brasil , Humanos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 285-294, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011549

RESUMO

Abstract To answer the following focused question through a systematic review: "Are the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy different between adult patients who undergo at-home bleaching using trays with reservoirs and those who use trays without reservoirs?". A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cochrane Library, and grey literature without restrictions. Abstracts from conferences; unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations and theses (ProQuest Dissertations and Periódicos Capes Theses databases) were searched. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. We used the Risk of Bias tool (RoB) from the Cochrane Collaboration for quality assessment. After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening and full-text examination, nine RCTs remained for qualitative analyses. The great majority of the studies did not report the method of randomization, allocation concealment, and examiner blinding during color assessment. From the nine studies, eight were at unclear risk of bias. In regard to color change, four studies reported no change and two reported improved color change with reservoirs. Only four studies recorded tooth sensitivity and they reported no significant differences. Only one study reported greater gingival irritation with reservoirs. Lack of data reporting prevented us from running a meta-analysis. Further well-designed RCT should be conducted to answer this research question. So far there is not evidence to support that reservoirs in bleaching trays improve color change. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628


Resumo Para responder a seguinte questão de pesquisa através de uma revisão sistemática: "O risco e a intensidade de sensibilidade dentária (SD) e eficácia de clareamento são diferentes entre pacientes adultos que realizam clareamento caseiro usando moldeiras com reservatórios e aqueles que usam moldeiras sem reservatórios?". Uma pesquisa abrangente foi realizada no MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Biblioteca Cochrane e literatura cinzenta, sem restrições. Os resumos da conferência anual da Associação Internacional para Pesquisa Dental além de estudos registrados ou em andamento também foram pesquisados. Dissertações e Teses foram pesquisados utilizando o Capes Journal Dissertações e Teses ProQuest. Apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECR) foram incluídos. Usamos a ferramenta Risk of Bias (RoB) da Cochrane para avaliação de qualidade. Após a remoção de duplicatas, triagem de título e resumo e exame de texto completo, nove ECRs permaneceram para análises qualitativas. A grande maioria dos estudos não relatou o método de randomização, ocultação de alocação e cegamento do examinador durante a avaliação de cores. Dos nove estudos, oito estavam sob risco claro de viés. Em relação à mudança de cor, quatro estudos não relataram nenhuma mudança e dois relataram melhora na mudança de cor com reservatórios. Apenas quatro estudos registraram a sensibilidade dentária e não relataram diferenças significativas. Apenas um estudo relatou maior irritação gengival com reservatórios. A falta de relatórios de dados nos impediu de executar uma meta-análise. Outros ECR bem desenhados devem ser conduzidos para responder a esta questão de pesquisa. Até agora não há evidências que sustentem que reservatórios em moldeiras de clareamento melhorem a mudança de cor. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628

5.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 149(4): 281-290, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29439773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this randomized study, split-mouth, triple-blind clinical trial, the authors evaluated the efficacy of a desensitizing gel that contained 5% potassium nitrate and 5% glutaraldehyde applied before in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). METHODS: Treatment with the desensitizing or placebo control gels was randomly assigned to one-half of the maxillary teeth of 42 patients in a split-mouth design. The desensitizing gels were applied and maintained in contact with the tooth enamel for 10 minutes, followed by 2 HP bleaching sessions separated by 1 week. The primary outcome variable was pain intensity assessed with a numeric rating scale and a visual analog scale. Color was evaluated by means of a digital spectrophotometer and a value-oriented shade guide. RESULTS: The difference in risk of developing tooth sensitivity between the desensitizing gel group (31.7%, 95% confidence interval [CI], 19.6 to 46.9) and the control group (70.7%; 95% CI, 55.5 to 82.3%) was statistically significant (P < .0001), as well as the difference in pain intensity in the first 24 hours (P < .001). No statistically significant difference was found in color change between teeth that received the desensitizing gel and those that received the placebo gel. CONCLUSIONS: Application of desensitizing gel that contained 5% potassium nitrate and 5% glutaraldehyde before HP whitening reduced the risk and severity of dental sensitivity, without altering the effectiveness of whitening. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: A single application of desensitizing gel that contained 5% potassium nitrate and 5% glutaraldehyde can reduce tooth sensitivity after dental bleaching systems.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Dente , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 292015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25627891

RESUMO

Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is a noninvasive method capable of evaluating variations in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp vitality. This method has thus far not been used to assess changes in blood flow after in-office bleaching. The aim of this case series report was to measure changes in PBF by LDF in the upper central incisor of three patients submitted to in-office bleaching. The buccal surfaces of the upper arch were bleached with a single session of 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with three 15-min applications. The color was recorded using a value-oriented Vita shade guide before in-office bleaching and one week after the procedure. The tooth sensitivity (TS) in a verbal scale was reported, and PBF was assessed by LDF before, immediately, and one week after the bleaching session. The lower arch was submitted to dental bleaching but not used for data assessment. A whitening degree of 3 to 4 shade guide units was detected. All participants experienced moderate to considerable TS after the procedure. The PBF readings reduced 20% to 40% immediately after bleaching. One week post-bleaching, TS and PBF were shown to be equal to baseline values. A reversible decrease of PBF was detected immediately after bleaching, which recovered to the baseline values or showed a slight increase sooner than one week post-bleaching. The LDF method allows detection of pulp blood changes in teeth submitted to in-office bleaching, but further studies are still required.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária/irrigação sanguínea , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Valores de Referência , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-6, 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777173

RESUMO

Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is a noninvasive method capable of evaluating variations in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp vitality. This method has thus far not been used to assess changes in blood flow after in-office bleaching. The aim of this case series report was to measure changes in PBF by LDF in the upper central incisor of three patients submitted to in-office bleaching. The buccal surfaces of the upper arch were bleached with a single session of 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with three 15-min applications. The color was recorded using a value-oriented Vita shade guide before in-office bleaching and one week after the procedure. The tooth sensitivity (TS) in a verbal scale was reported, and PBF was assessed by LDF before, immediately, and one week after the bleaching session. The lower arch was submitted to dental bleaching but not used for data assessment. A whitening degree of 3 to 4 shade guide units was detected. All participants experienced moderate to considerable TS after the procedure. The PBF readings reduced 20% to 40% immediately after bleaching. One week post-bleaching, TS and PBF were shown to be equal to baseline values. A reversible decrease of PBF was detected immediately after bleaching, which recovered to the baseline values or showed a slight increase sooner than one week post-bleaching. The LDF method allows detection of pulp blood changes in teeth submitted to in-office bleaching, but further studies are still required.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Polpa Dentária/irrigação sanguínea , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Valores de Referência , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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