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1.
Opt Express ; 28(25): 37798-37810, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379608

RESUMO

Swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) typically relies on expensive and complex swept-source lasers, the cost of which currently limits the suitability of OCT for new applications. In this work, we demonstrate spectrally sparse OCT utilizing randomly spaced low-bandwidth optical chirps, suitable for low-cost implementation with telecommunications grade devices. Micron scale distance estimation accuracy with a resolution of 40 µm at a standoff imaging distance greater than 10 cm is demonstrated using a stepped chirp approach with approximately 23% occupancy of 4 THz bandwidth. For imaging of sparse scenes, comparable performance to full bandwidth occupancy is verified for metallic targets.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1368, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718661

RESUMO

Predicting physical response of an artificially structured material is of particular interest for scientific and engineering applications. Here we use deep learning to predict optical response of artificially engineered nanophotonic devices. In addition to predicting forward approximation of transmission response for any given topology, this approach allows us to inversely approximate designs for a targeted optical response. Our Deep Neural Network (DNN) could design compact (2.6 × 2.6 µm2) silicon-on-insulator (SOI)-based 1 × 2 power splitters with various target splitting ratios in a fraction of a second. This model is trained to minimize the reflection (to smaller than ~ -20 dB) while achieving maximum transmission efficiency above 90% and target splitting specifications. This approach paves the way for rapid design of integrated photonic components relying on complex nanostructures.

3.
Opt Express ; 22(7): 8533-40, 2014 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24718225

RESUMO

A novel wavelength combiner using non-uniform refractive index distribution within a multimode interference device is proposed and simulated. The refractive index step creates separate localized modes with different effective refractive indices and two modes are strongly excited which form the basis of an interferometer. We applied the concept to 1.30/1.31 µm and 1.31/1.55 µm wavelength combiners on an InP substrate. The lengths of the devices are 1272 µm and 484 µm with simulated insertion losses of 0.6 dB and 0.67 dB respectively.

4.
Opt Express ; 22(7): 8798-812, 2014 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24718249

RESUMO

In this paper, we examine the performance of several modulation formats in more than four dimensions for coherent optical communications systems. We compare two high-dimensional modulation design methodologies based on spherical cutting of lattices and block coding of a 'base constellation' of binary phase shift keying (BPSK) on each dimension. The performances of modulation formats generated with these methodologies is analyzed in the asymptotic signal-to-noise ratio regime and for an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. We then study the application of both types of high-dimensional modulation formats to standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) transmission systems. For modulation with spectral efficiencies comparable to dual-polarization (DP-) BPSK, polarization-switched quaternary phase shift keying (PS-QPSK) and DP-QPSK, we demonstrate SNR gains of up to 3 dB, 0.9 dB and 1 dB respectively, at a BER of 10(-3).

5.
Opt Express ; 20(26): B371-6, 2012 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23262875

RESUMO

A novel polarization splitter on an InP substrate utilizing an MMI coupler loaded with a dielectric and gold layer pad is proposed and simulated. A tilted joint is used for adjusting the phases of TE and TM modes. The MMI section is less than 540 µm. Simulations show that the device has a polarization extinction ratio over 23 dB and an insertion loss below 0.7 dB over the entire C-band for both TE and TM polarizations. The device design was optimized to maximize the wavelength range and tolerance for manufacturing variations.

6.
Opt Express ; 20(14): 15769-80, 2012 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22772267

RESUMO

Fiber nonlinearity has become a major limiting factor to realize ultra-high-speed optical communications. We propose a fractionally-spaced equalizer which exploits a trained high-order statistics to deal with data-pattern dependent nonlinear impairments in fiber-optic communications. The computer simulation reveals that the proposed 3-tap equalizer improves Q-factor by more than 2 dB for long-haul transmissions of 5,230 km distance and 40 Gbps data rate. We also demonstrate that the joint use of a digital backpropagation (DBP) and the proposed equalizer offers an additional 1-2 dB performance improvement due to the channel shortening gain. A performance in high-speed transmissions of 100 Gbps and beyond is evaluated as well.

7.
Opt Express ; 20(9): 10163-9, 2012 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22535107

RESUMO

A mode-evolution-based polarization rotator-splitter built on InP substrate is proposed by combining a mode converter and an adiabatic asymmetric Y-coupler. The mode converter, consisting of a bi-level taper and a width taper, effectively converts the fundamental TM mode into the second order TE mode without changing the polarization of the fundamental TE mode. The following adiabatic asymmetric Y-coupler splits the fundamental and the second order TE modes and also converts the second order TE mode into the fundamental TE mode. A shallow etched structure is proposed for the width taper to enhance the polarization conversion efficiency. The device has a total length of 1350 µm, a polarization extinction ratio over 25 dB and an insertion loss below 0.5 dB both for TE and TM modes, over the wavelength range from 1528 to 1612 nm covering all C + L band. Because the device is designed based on mode evolution principle, it has a large fabrication tolerance. The insertion loss remains below 1 dB and the polarization extinction ratio remains over 17 dB with respect to a width variation of +/- 0.12 µm at the wavelength of 1570 nm, or +/- 0.08 µm over the entire C + L band.


Assuntos
Índio/química , Fosfinas/química , Refratometria/instrumentação , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento
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