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1.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848653

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the variability and ability to detect visual field progression of 24-2, central 12 locations of the 24-2 and 10-2 visual field (VF) tests in eyes with abnormal VFs. DESIGN: Retrospective, multisite cohort. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 52,806 24-2 and 11,966 10-2 VF tests from 7,307 eyes from the Glaucoma Research Network database were analyzed. Only eyes with ≥ 5 visits and ≥ 2 years of follow-up were included. METHODS: Linear regression models were used to calculate the rates of MD (Mean Deviation) change (slopes) while their residuals were used to assess variability across the entire MD range. Computer simulations (n=10,000) based upon real MD residuals of our sample were performed to estimate power to detect significant progression (P < 5%) at various rates of MD change. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Time required to detect progression. RESULTS: For all 3 patterns, the MD variability was highest within the -5 to -20 dB range and consistently lower with the 10-2 compared to 24-2 or Central 24-2. Overall, time to detect confirmed significant progression at 80% power was the lowest with 10-2 VF, with a decrease of 14.6% to 18.5% when compared to 24-2 and a decrease of 22.9% to 26.5% when compared to Central 24-2. CONCLUSION: Time to detect central VF progression was reduced with 10-2 MD compared with 24-2 and C24-2 MD in glaucoma eyes in this large dataset, in part because 10-2 tests had lower variability. These findings contribute to current evidence of the potential value of 10-2 testing in the clinical management of glaucoma patients and in clinical trial design.

2.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704450

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common consequence in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and a leading cause of blindness in working-age adults. Yet, its genetic predisposition is largely unknown. Here, we examined the polygenic architecture underlying DR by deriving and assessing a genome-wide polygenic risk score (PRS) for DR. We evaluated the PRS in 6079 individuals with T2D of European, Hispanic, African, and other ancestries from a large-scale multi-ethnic biobank. Main outcomes were PRS association with DR diagnosis, symptoms and complications, and time to diagnosis, and transferability to non-European ancestries. We observed that PRS was significantly associated with DR. A standard deviation increase in PRS was accompanied by an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.12 (95% CI 1.04-1.20; P = 0.001) for DR diagnosis. When stratified by ancestry, PRS was associated with the highest OR in European ancestry (OR = 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.41; P = 0.049), followed by African (OR = 1.15, 95% CI 1.03-1.28; P = 0.028) and Hispanic ancestries (OR = 1.10, 95% CI 1.00-1.10; P = 0.050). Individuals in the top PRS decile had a 1.8-fold elevated risk for DR versus the bottom decile (P = 0.002). Among individuals without DR diagnosis, the top PRS decile had more DR symptoms than the bottom decile (P = 0.008). The PRS was associated with retinal hemorrhage (OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.03-2.02; P = 0.03) and earlier DR presentation (10% probability of DR by 4 years in the top PRS decile versus 8 years in the bottom decile). These results establish the significant polygenic underpinnings of DR and indicate the need for more diverse ancestries in biobanks to develop multi-ancestral PRS.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33561996

RESUMO

Glaucoma leads to millions of cases of visual impairment and blindness around the world. Its susceptibility is shaped by both environmental and genetic risk factors. Although over 120 risk loci have been identified for glaucoma, a large portion of its heritability is still unexplained. Here we describe the foundation of the Genetics of GLaucoma Evaluation in the AMish (GGLEAM) study to investigate the genetic architecture of glaucoma in the Ohio Amish, which exhibits lower genetic and environmental heterogeneity compared to the general population. To date, we have enrolled 81 Amish individuals in our study from Holmes County, Ohio. As a part of our enrollment process, 62 GGLEAM study participants (42 glaucoma-affected and 20 unaffected individuals) received comprehensive eye examinations and glaucoma evaluations. Using the data from the Anabaptist Genealogy Database, we found that 80 of the GGLEAM study participants were related to one another through a large, multigenerational pedigree containing 1586 people. We plan to integrate the health and kinship data obtained for the GGLEAM study to interrogate glaucoma genetics and pathophysiology in this unique population.


Assuntos
Amish , Glaucoma , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/genética , Humanos , Ohio/epidemiologia , Linhagem , Protestantismo
4.
J Glaucoma ; 30(4): e164-e168, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449585

RESUMO

PRECIS: We conducted a literature review of younger patients with exfoliation syndrome (XFS) in an attempt to identify case similarities and better understand disease etiology. PURPOSE: XFS that predisposes to secondary glaucoma is a strongly age-related condition. We performed a literature review of XFS and exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) in patients aged younger than 40 years to examine potential common characteristics and gain clues to its etiology. METHODS: We conducted a broad literature search with appropriate keywords and manually extracted key demographic and ocular features on younger XFS and XFG cases. Articles that did not provide past ocular history on early-onset XFS/XFG were excluded. RESULTS: We identified 12 cases of XFS and XFG in patients from 13 to 40 years old (8 females; 11 White; 5 from Iran). All had past ocular history remarkable for intraocular surgery for other glaucoma conditions (7 cases), other ocular diseases (3 cases), or ocular trauma (2 cases). CONCLUSIONS: All reported early-onset XFS and XFG cases arise in the setting of events that produced a significant disruption of the blood-aqueous barrier. Understanding the metabolic alterations of aqueous humor from such cases could provide clues regarding how exfoliation material forms.

5.
Ophthalmology ; 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333105

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We examined the association of habitual caffeine intake with intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma and whether genetic predisposition to higher IOP modified these associations. We also assessed whether genetic predisposition to higher coffee consumption was related to IOP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in the UK Biobank. PARTICIPANTS: We included 121 374 participants (baseline ages, 39-73 years) with data on coffee and tea intake (collected 2006-2010) and corneal-compensated IOP measurements in 2009. In a subset of 77 906 participants with up to 5 web-based 24-hour-recall food frequency questionnaires (2009-2012), we evaluated total caffeine intake. We also assessed the same relationships with glaucoma (9286 cases and 189 763 controls). METHODS: We evaluated multivariable-adjusted associations with IOP using linear regression and with glaucoma using logistic regression. For both outcomes, we examined gene-diet interactions using a polygenic risk score (PRS) that combined the effects of 111 genetic variants associated with IOP. We also performed Mendelian randomization using 8 genetic variants associated with coffee intake to assess potential causal effects of coffee consumption on IOP. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraocular pressure and glaucoma. RESULTS: Mendelian randomization analysis did not support a causal effect of coffee drinking on IOP (P > 0.1). Greater caffeine intake was associated weakly with lower IOP: the highest (≥232 mg/day) versus lowest (<87 mg/day) caffeine consumption was associated with a 0.10-mmHg lower IOP (Ptrend = 0.01). However, the IOP PRS modified this association: among those in the highest IOP PRS quartile, consuming > 480 mg/day versus < 80 mg/day was associated with a 0.35-mmHg higher IOP (Pinteraction = 0.01). The relationship between caffeine intake and glaucoma was null (P ≥ 0.1). However, the IOP PRS also modified this relationship: compared with those in the lowest IOP PRS quartile consuming no caffeine, those in the highest IOP PRS quartile consuming ≥ 321 mg/day showed a 3.90-fold higher glaucoma prevalence (Pinteraction = 0.0003). CONCLUSIONS: Habitual caffeine consumption was associated weakly with lower IOP, and the association between caffeine consumption and glaucoma was null. However, among participants with the strongest genetic predisposition to elevated IOP, greater caffeine consumption was associated with higher IOP and higher glaucoma prevalence.

6.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310194

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To model the global test-retest variability of visual fields (VFs) in glaucoma. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Test-retest VFs from 4044 eyes of 4044 participants. METHODS: We selected 2 reliable VFs per eye measured with the Humphrey Field Analyzer (Swedish interactive threshold algorithm 24-2) within 30 days of each other. Each VF had fixation losses (FLs) of 33% or less, false-negative results (FNRs) of 20% or less, and false-positive results (FPRs) of 20% or less. Stepwise linear regression was applied to select the model best predicting the global test-retest variability from 3 categories of features of the first VF: (1) base parameters (age, mean deviation, pattern standard deviation, glaucoma hemifield test results, FPR, FNR, and FL); (2) total deviation (TD) at each location; and (3) computationally derived archetype VF loss patterns. The global test-retest variability was defined as root mean square deviation (RMSD) of TD values at all 52 VF locations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Archetype models to predict the global test-retest variability. RESULTS: The mean ± standard deviation of the root mean square deviation was 4.39 ± 2.55 dB. Between the 2 VF tests, TD values were correlated more strongly in central than in peripheral VF locations (intraclass coefficient, 0.66-0.89; P < 0.001). Compared with the model using base parameters alone (adjusted R2 = 0.45), adding TD values improved prediction accuracy of the global variability (adjusted R2 = 0.53; P < 0.001; Bayesian information criterion [BIC] decrease of 527; change of >6 represents strong improvement). Lower TD sensitivity in the outermost peripheral VF locations was predictive of higher global variability. Adding archetypes to the base model improved model performance with an adjusted R2 of 0.53 (P < 0.001) and lowering of BIC by 583. Greater variability was associated with concentric peripheral defect, temporal hemianopia, inferotemporal defect, near total loss, superior peripheral defect, and central scotoma (listed in order of decreasing statistical significance), and less normal VF results and superior paracentral defect. CONCLUSIONS: Inclusion of archetype VF loss patterns and TD values based on first VF improved the prediction of the global test-retest variability than using traditional global VF indices alone.

7.
Prog Retin Eye Res ; : 100922, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253900

RESUMO

Catalyzed by endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) activity. NO is a gaseous signaling molecule maintaining endothelial and cardiovascular homeostasis. Principally, NO regulates the contractility of vascular smooth muscle cells and permeability of endothelial cells in response to either biochemical or biomechanical cues. In the conventional outflow pathway of the eye, the smooth muscle-like trabecular meshwork (TM) cells and Schlemm's canal (SC) endothelium control aqueous humor outflow resistance, and therefore intraocular pressure (IOP). The mechanisms by which outflow resistance is regulated are complicated, but NO appears to be a key player as enhancement or inhibition of NO signaling dramatically affects outflow function; and polymorphisms in NOS3, the gene that encodes eNOS imparts risk for ocular hypertension. Based upon a comprehensive review of past foundational studies, we present a model whereby NO controls a feedback signaling loop in the conventional outflow pathway that is sensitive to changes in IOP and its oscillations. Thus, upon IOP elevation, the outflow pathway tissues distend, and the SC lumen narrows resulting in increased SC endothelial shear stress and stretch. In response, SC cells upregulate the production of NO, relaxing neighboring TM cells and increasing permeability of SC's inner wall. These IOP-dependent changes in the outflow pathway tissues reduce the resistance to aqueous humor drainage and lower IOP, which, in turn, diminishes the biomechanical signaling on SC. Similar to cardiovascular pathogenesis, dysregulation of the eNOS/NO system leads to dysfunctional outflow regulation and ocular hypertension, eventually resulting in primary open-angle glaucoma.

8.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 9(12): 22, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244442

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate intereye associations of visual field (VF) defects. Methods: We selected 24-2 VF pairs of both eyes from 63,604 patients tested on the same date with mean deviation (MD) ≥ -12 dB. VFs were decomposed into one normal and 15 defect patterns previously identified using archetypal analysis. VF pattern weighting coefficients were correlated between the worse and better eyes, as defined by MD. VF defect patterns (weighting coefficients > 10%) in the better eye were predicted from weighting coefficients of the worse eye by logistic regression models, which were evaluated by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: Intereye correlations of archetypal VF patterns were strongest for the same defect pattern between fellow eyes. The AUCs for predicting the presence of 15 defect patterns in the better eye based on the worse eye ranged from 0.69 (superior nasal step) to 0.92 (near total loss). The AUC for predicting superior paracentral loss was 0.89. Superior paracentral loss in the better eye was positively correlated with coefficients of superior paracentral loss, central scotoma, superior altitudinal defect, nasal hemianopia, and inferior paracentral loss in the worse eye, and negatively correlated with coefficients of the normal VF, superior peripheral defect, concentric peripheral defect, and temporal wedge. The parameters are presented in the descending order of statistical significance. Conclusions: VF patterns of the worse eye are predictive of VF defects in the better eye. Translational Relevance: Our models can potentially assist clinicians to better interpret VF loss under measurement uncertainty.

9.
Ophthalmol Glaucoma ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132096
10.
Curr Eye Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054505

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the clinical relevance of prelaminar wedge defects (PLWDs) detected by swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, PLWDs were defined as triangular-shaped defects at the surface of the optic nerve prelaminar tissue, not adjacent to blood vessels, present on cross-sectional SS-OCT scans. Two observers masked to diagnosis independently reviewed scans to detect PLWDs and lamina cribrosa defects. History of disc hemorrhage, occurring within 2 years prior to imaging, was obtained from chart review. One eye per subject was randomly selected. Two-sided t-tests, analysis of variance with Bonferroni correction, and multivariable logistic regression analysis were performed to explore demographic and clinical features associated with PLWDs. RESULTS: 40 POAG and 23 control eyes were included. PLWDS were found in 27.5% of POAG (n = 11) and 4.3% of controls (n = 1, p = .04). Eyes with repeat SS-OCT imaging (7 POAG and 0 controls) had persistent PLWDs. More POAG eyes with PLWDs had a history of disc hemorrhage (45.5%) than POAG eyes without PLWDs (3.4%, p = .004). On multivariable analysis, compared to POAG without PLWDs, POAG with PLWDs had increased odds of observed disc hemorrhage (OR = 21.6, 95% CI, 2.2-589.0, p = .02) after adjusting for age, gender, visual field mean deviation and maximum intraocular pressure (IOP). POAG with PLWDs had more lamina cribrosa defects (45.5%) than POAG without PLWDs (3.4%, p = .01) but did not differ significantly from controls (8.7%, p = .07). Compared to all patients without PLWDs, patients with PLWDs had increased odds of having lamina cribrosa defects (OR = 44.8; 95% CI, 6.3-703.6, p < .001) after adjusting for age, gender, and maximum IOP. CONCLUSIONS: PLWDs were more frequently found in POAG than control eyes and were associated with a history of disc hemorrhage and lamina cribrosa defects. PLWDs may be a useful imaging biomarker of glaucomatous damage.

11.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 9(9): 41, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908804

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to classify the spatial patterns of retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) and assess their associations with visual field (VF) loss in glaucoma. Methods: We used paired reliable 24-2 VFs and optical coherence tomography scans of 691 eyes from 691 patients. The RNFLT maps were used to determine the RNFLT patterns (RPs) by non-negative matrix factorization (NMF). The RPs were correlated with mean deviation (MD), spherical equivalent (SE), and major blood vessel locations. The RPs were further used to predict the 52 total deviation (TD) values by linear regression compared with models using 24 15-degree sectors. Last, we associated the RPs with average TDs of the central upper two locations (C2-TD). Stepwise regression was applied to remove redundant features. Results: NMF highlighted 16 distinct RPs. Twelve RPs had arcuate-like informative zones (iZones): six with superior iZones, five with inferior iZones, and one RP with a bi-hemifield iZone, and four with non-arcuate-like temporal or nasal iZones. Twelve, nine, nine, and nine RPs were significantly (P < 0.05) correlated to MD, SE, and superior and inferior artery locations, respectively. Using RPs significantly (P < 0.05) improved the prediction of 52 TDs compared with using 24 15-degree sectors. Using RPs significantly (P < 0.001) improved the C2-TD prediction related to thinning in the inferior vulnerability zone compared with using the 24 sectoral RNFLTs. Conclusions: Using RPs improved the VF prediction compared with using sectoral RNFLTs. Translational Relevance: The RPs characterizing both pathological and anatomical variations can potentially assist clinicians better assess RNFLT loss.

12.
Prog Retin Eye Res ; : 100900, 2020 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898686

RESUMO

The simultaneous maturation of multiple digital and telecommunications technologies in 2020 has created an unprecedented opportunity for ophthalmology to adapt to new models of care using tele-health supported by digital innovations. These digital innovations include artificial intelligence (AI), 5th generation (5G) telecommunication networks and the Internet of Things (IoT), creating an inter-dependent ecosystem offering opportunities to develop new models of eye care addressing the challenges of COVID-19 and beyond. Ophthalmology has thrived in some of these areas partly due to its many image-based investigations. Tele-health and AI provide synchronous solutions to challenges facing ophthalmologists and healthcare providers worldwide. This article reviews how countries across the world have utilised these digital innovations to tackle diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, refractive error correction, cataract and other anterior segment disorders. The review summarises the digital strategies that countries are developing and discusses technologies that may increasingly enter the clinical workflow and processes of ophthalmologists. Furthermore as countries around the world have initiated a series of escalating containment and mitigation measures during the COVID-19 pandemic, the delivery of eye care services globally has been significantly impacted. As ophthalmic services adapt and form a "new normal", the rapid adoption of some of telehealth and digital innovation during the pandemic is also discussed. Finally, challenges for validation and clinical implementation are considered, as well as recommendations on future directions.

16.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 61(8): 3, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614373

RESUMO

Purpose: Prior studies have demonstrated that microglial activation is involved in the pathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Here we sought to identify genetic associations between POAG and variants in APOE and TREM2, genes associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) that critically regulate microglial neurodegeneration-associated molecular signature. Methods: APOE genotypes were called using imputed data from the NEIGHBOR consortium (2120 POAG cases, 2262 controls) and a second cohort from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary (MEEI; 486 cases, 344 controls). TREM2 coding variants were genotyped by means of the Illumina HumanExome BeadArray. The data set was analyzed for association with POAG overall, as well as the high-tension glaucoma (HTG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) subgroups, using logistic regression adjusting for age and sex. Results: In the combined NEIGHBOR-MEEI data set, significant association was observed for APOE ε4 in POAG overall (odds ratio [OR], 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.74-0.94; P = 0.0022) and in both the HTG subgroup (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.70-0.94; P = 0.0052) and NTG subgroup (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.58-0.87; P = 0.0014). A rare TREM2 variant (A105V) was found only in HTG cases (3 of 2863 cases) and in none of the controls (P = 0.03). Three TREM2 rare variants associated with AD were not significantly associated with POAG (P > 0.05). Conclusions: We have found that the APOE ε4 allele is associated with a reduced risk of POAG. Interestingly, the same allele is adversely associated with AD, suggesting a mechanistic difference between neurodegenerative diseases of the eye and the brain. TREM2 variants associated with AD did not significantly contribute to POAG risk.

17.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(7): e19483, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Timely allocation of medical resources for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) requires early detection of regional outbreaks. Internet browsing data may predict case outbreaks in local populations that are yet to be confirmed. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether search-engine query patterns can help to predict COVID-19 case rates at the state and metropolitan area levels in the United States. METHODS: We used regional confirmed case data from the New York Times and Google Trends results from 50 states and 166 county-based designated market areas (DMA). We identified search terms whose activity precedes and correlates with confirmed case rates at the national level. We used univariate regression to construct a composite explanatory variable based on best-fitting search queries offset by temporal lags. We measured the raw and z-transformed Pearson correlation and root-mean-square error (RMSE) of the explanatory variable with out-of-sample case rate data at the state and DMA levels. RESULTS: Predictions were highly correlated with confirmed case rates at the state (mean r=0.69, 95% CI 0.51-0.81; median RMSE 1.27, IQR 1.48) and DMA levels (mean r=0.51, 95% CI 0.39-0.61; median RMSE 4.38, IQR 1.80), using search data available up to 10 days prior to confirmed case rates. They fit case-rate activity in 49 of 50 states and in 103 of 166 DMA at a significance level of .05. CONCLUSIONS: Identifiable patterns in search query activity may help to predict emerging regional outbreaks of COVID-19, although they remain vulnerable to stochastic changes in search intensity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População/métodos , Informática em Saúde Pública/métodos , Ferramenta de Busca/tendências , Algoritmos , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Estatísticos , Pandemias , Estados Unidos
18.
J Glaucoma ; 29(6): 448-455, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487970

RESUMO

PRECIS: In a cohort study of 120,307 participants with 25+ years of follow-up, a history of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) was associated with a 40% higher exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) risk. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between NMSC (a marker of ultraviolet radiation exposure) and XFG. METHODS: We performed a cohort study of US women (n=79,102; 1980-2014) and men (n=41,205; 1986-2014), aged 40+ years and at risk for glaucoma who reported eye examinations. From 1984 (women)/1988 (men), we asked about basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma history separately; in prior years, we asked about any NMSC history in a single question. Squamous cell carcinoma was confirmed with histopathology reports while basal cell carcinoma and any early (<1984/<1988) NMSC history was self-reported. Incident XFG cases (362 women and 83 men) were confirmed with medical records. Using pooled data, we estimated multivariable-adjusted relative risks [MVRRs; 95% confidence intervals (CIs)] with Cox proportional hazards models that were stratified by age (in mo), 2-year time period at risk and average lifetime residential latitude. RESULTS: In multivariable-adjusted analyses, we observed a 40% higher XFG risk with any NMSC history (MVRR=1.40; 95% CI=1.08-1.82); the association was observed even with 4 and 8-year lags in NMSC history. Also, the NMSC association was stronger in younger (below 65 y; MVRR=2.56; 95% CI=1.62-4.05) versus older participants (65 y and above; MVRR=1.25; 95% CI=0.94-1.66; P for interaction=0.01) and those living in the northern latitudes (≥42°N; MVRR=1.92; 95% CI=1.28-2.88) versus more southern latitudes (<42°N; MVRR=1.19; 95% CI=0.86-1.66; P for interaction=0.04). CONCLUSION: NMSC was associated with higher XFG risk, particularly among younger participants and those living in the Northern US.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Exfoliação/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Basocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Basocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Síndrome de Exfoliação/complicações , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/complicações , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
20.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 216: 237-242, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360862

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To discuss the effects of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 betacoronavirus on ambulatory ophthalmology practices, the value proposition of telemedicine, teleophthalmology implementation methodologies, and the accelerated future of telemedicine. DESIGN: Review of the current telehealth landscape including usage, policies, and techniques for ambulatory practice integration. METHODS: We provide author-initiated review of recent trends in telehealth, governmental recommendations for health care delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic, and a PubMed Central query for telemedicine in ophthalmology or teleophthalmology. In addition, the authors' comprehensive experience in telemedicine design and implementation is provided. RESULTS: We provide a summary describing the present state of telehealth, teleophthalmology modeling, care delivery, and the proposed impact of telehealth surges on the future of ophthalmology practice. CONCLUSION: Recent patient and provider interest in telemedicine, the relaxation of regulatory restrictions, increased remote care reimbursement, and ongoing social distancing practices compel many ophthalmologists to consider virtualizing services.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Oftalmopatias/terapia , Oftalmologia/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Interface Usuário-Computador , Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , New York/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Acuidade Visual
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