*Calc Var Partial Differ Equ ; 54(1): 717-742, 2015.*

##### RESUMO

We introduce and analyze symmetric infinite-body optimal transport (OT) problems with cost function of pair potential form. We show that for a natural class of such costs, the optimizer is given by the independent product measure all of whose factors are given by the one-body marginal. This is in striking contrast to standard finite-body OT problems, in which the optimizers are typically highly correlated, as well as to infinite-body OT problems with Gangbo-Swiech cost. Moreover, by adapting a construction from the study of exchangeable processes in probability theory, we prove that the corresponding N -body OT problem is well approximated by the infinite-body problem. To our class belongs the Coulomb cost which arises in many-electron quantum mechanics. The optimal cost of the Coulombic N-body OT problem as a function of the one-body marginal density is known in the physics and quantum chemistry literature under the name SCE functional, and arises naturally as the semiclassical limit of the celebrated Hohenberg-Kohn functional. Our results imply that in the inhomogeneous high-density limit (i.e. N â ∞ with arbitrary fixed inhomogeneity profile ρ / N ), the SCE functional converges to the mean field functional. We also present reformulations of the infinite-body and N-body OT problems as two-body OT problems with representability constraints.

*J Chem Phys ; 139(16): 164109, 2013 Oct 28.*

##### RESUMO

We derive and analyze a hierarchy of approximations to the strongly correlated limit of the Hohenberg-Kohn functional. These "density representability approximations" are obtained by first noting that in the strongly correlated limit, N-representability of the pair density reduces to the requirement that the pair density must come from a symmetric N-point density. One then relaxes this requirement to the existence of a representing symmetric k-point density with k < N. The approximate energy can be computed by simulating a fictitious k-electron system. We investigate the approximations by deriving analytically exact results for a 2-site model problem, and by incorporating them into a self-consistent Kohn-Sham calculation for small atoms. We find that the low order representability conditions already capture the main part of the correlations.