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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992253

RESUMO

The role of WT1 protein in hematopoiesis and leukemogenesisis incompletely elucidated. WT1 overexpression is common in acute myeloid leukemia (AML); however, WT1 mutations occur in only about 10% of cases, with increasing incidence in the setting of relapse. In this study, we investigated the clinical and molecular characteristics of WT1 mutations in NPM1-mutated AML, to enhance our understanding of the biology and potential therapeutic implications of WT1 mutations. Our study cohort included 67 patients with NPM1 mutated AML and a median follow-up of 13.7 months. WT1 mutations were identified in 7% (n = 5) of patients at the time of initial diagnosis. WT1 mutant clones were presumed to be present as co-dominant clones in 3/5 and in subclonal populations in 2/5 cases based on variant allelic frequency (VAF) when compared with NPM1 mutation VAF. All WT1 mutations became undetectable at time of MRD-negative (NPM1-wild type) remission. None of these patients experienced relapse at the time of last follow-up (median, 15 months; range, 4.5-20.2 months). A total of 15/67 (22%) patients relapsed; among these patient, four (27%) relapsed with WT1 mutant AML. Three of four patients had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). None of these patients had detectable WT1 mutations at the time of initial diagnosis. WT1 mutations were presumed clonal in two cases and subclonal in the other two cases, based on VAF. Our results indicate that WT1 mutations contribute to relapse in NPM1 mutated AML, especially in the setting of HSCT. These findings suggest that emerging WT1 mutations may serve as a conduit for relapse in NPM1-mutated AML, and that sequential molecular profiling to evaluate potential emergent WT1 mutations during surveillance and particularly at relapse likely has prognostic value in patients with NPM1 mutated AML.

3.
Ann Diagn Pathol ; 56: 151860, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a curative option for patients with myelofibrosis (MF). Bone marrow (BM) morphologic evaluation of myelofibrosis following allo-HSCT is known to be challenging in this context because resolution of morphologic changes is a gradual process. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared BM samples of patients with myelofibrosis who underwent first allo-HSCT and achieved molecular remission by day 100 with BM samples of patients who continued to have persistent molecular evidence of disease following allo-HSCT. RESULTS: The study group included 29 patients: 17 primary MF, 7 post-polycythemia vera (PV) MF, and 5 post-essential thrombocythemia (ET) MF. In this cohort there were 18 JAK2 p.V617F, 8 CALR; 1 MPL, and 2 patients had concurrent JAK2 p.V617F and MPL mutations. The control group included 5 patients with primary MF, one with post-PV MF, one with post-ET MF (5 JAK2 p.V617F; 2 CALR). Following allo-HSCT, both groups showed reduction in BM cellularity and number of megakaryocytes. The study cohort also less commonly had dense megakaryocyte clusters and endosteal located megakaryocytes and showed less fibrosis. There was no statistical difference in BM cellularity, presence of erythroid islands, degree of osteosclerosis, or megakaryocyte number, size, nuclear lobation, presence of clusters or intrasinusoidal location. CONCLUSIONS: Following allo-HSCT at 100 days, morphologic evaluation of BM in patients with MF cannot reliably predict persistence versus clearance of molecular evidence of MF. Disappearance of BM MF, dense megakaryocyte clusters, and endosteal localization of megakaryocytes are suggestive of disease response.

4.
Case Rep Pathol ; 2021: 6628150, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804623

RESUMO

Signet Ring Cell (SRC)/Histiocytoid carcinoma of the eyelid is a rare neoplasm that shares histological and immunohistochemical similarities with diffuse gastric cancer and breast lobular carcinoma. The CDH1 gene, which encodes the E-cadherin protein, is the best known gene associated with these tumors. The structural and functional integrity of E-cadherin is regulated by interconnecting molecular pathways which might participate in the development of this disease. Hence, we analyzed the protein expression in key genes in E-cadherin-related pathways associated with primary SRC/Histiocytoid carcinoma of the eyelid. SRC/Histiocytoid carcinoma diagnosed in the eyelid/orbit at MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1990 to 2016 were evaluated. Clinicopathologic findings were studied to confirm the primary site of origin. Immunohistochemical studies for the expression of E-cadherin, ß-catenin, c-Myc, Cyclin D1, Src, and p53 were analyzed. Next generation sequencing for the detection of somatic mutations was performed on each tumor with matched normal tissue, examining 50 cancer-related genes. Four primary SRC/Histiocytoid carcinomas of the eyelid were diagnosed in four male patients aged 40-82 years. Immunohistochemically, two tumors with loss of E-cadherin expression had weak ß-catenin and low cytoplasmic staining for Src while the other two cases with intact E-cadherin showed strong ß-catenin expression and high cytoplasmic expression for Src. Cyclin D1 was focally positive in three cases. Somatic mutations in CDH1, PIK3CA, and TP53 genes were detected in two cases. Our results suggest an abnormality in the convergence of E-cadherin/ß-catenin pathways which may promote tumorigenesis by inducing expression of oncogenes such as Cyclin D1 and C-Myc. Mutations in CDH1, PIK3CA, and TP53 genes could induce E-cadherin dysfunction which takes part in the development and progression of this malignancy.

5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771519

RESUMO

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a confirmatory test to establish a diagnosis of inv(16)/t(16;16) AML. However, incidental findings and their clinical diagnostic implication have not been systemically studied. We studied 1629 CBFB FISH cases performed in our institution, 262 (16.1%), 1234 (75.7%), and 133 (8.2%) were reported as positive, normal, and abnormal, respectively. The last included CBFB copy number changes (n = 120) and atypical findings such as 3'CBFB deletion (n = 11), 5'CBFB deletion (n = 1), and 5'CBFB gain (n = 1). Correlating with CBFB-MYH11 RT-PCR results, totally 271 CBFB rearrangement cases were identified, including five with discrepancies between FISH and RT-PCR due to new partner genes (n = 3), insertion (n = 1), or rare CBFB-MYH11 variant (n = 1) and eight with 3'CBFB deletion. All cases with atypical findings and/or discrepancies presented clinical diagnostic challenges. Correlating FISH signal patterns and karyotypes, additional chromosome 16 aberrations (AC16As) show impacts on the re-definition of a complex karyotype and prognostic prediction. The CBFB rearrangement but not all AC16As will be detected by NGS-based methods. Therefore, FISH testing is currently still needed to provide a quick and straightforward confirmatory inv(16)/t(16;16) AML diagnosis and additional information related to clinical management.

6.
Blood Adv ; 5(23): 4807-4816, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607348

RESUMO

Hairy cell leukemia variant (HCLv) responds poorly to purine analogue monotherapy. Rituximab concurrent with cladribine (CDAR) improves response rates, but long-term outcomes are unknown. We report final results of a phase 2 study of CDAR for patients with HCLv. Twenty patients with 0 to 1 prior courses of cladribine and/or rituximab, including 8 who were previously untreated, received cladribine 0.15 mg/kg on days 1 to 5 with 8 weekly rituximab doses of 375 mg/m2 beginning day 1. Patients received a second rituximab course ≥6 months after cladribine, if and when minimal residual disease (MRD) was detected in blood. The complete remission (CR) rate from CDAR was 95% (95% confidence interval, 75-100). Sixteen (80%) of 20 patients (95% confidence interval, 56-94) became MRD negative according to bone marrow at 6 months. The median duration of MRD-negative CR was 70.1 months, and 7 of 16 are still MRD negative up to 120 months. With a median follow-up of 69.7 months, 11 patients received delayed rituximab, and the 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 63.3% and 73.9%, respectively. Five patients with TP53 mutations had shorter PFS (median, 36.4 months vs unreached; P = .0024) and OS (median, 52.4 months vs unreached; P = .032). MRD-negative CR at 6 months was significantly associated with longer PFS (unreached vs 17.4 months; P < .0001) and OS (unreached vs 38.2 months; P < .0001). Lack of MRD in blood at 6 months was also predictive of longer PFS and OS (P < .0001). After progression following CDAR, median OS was 29.7 months. CDAR is effective in HCLv, with better outcomes in patients who achieve MRD-negative CR. This trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00923013.

7.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-4, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668451

RESUMO

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(15;17) and the resulting gene PML-RARA, used for measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring. Despite highly effective therapy for APL, MRD monitoring practices are not fully established. We aimed to assess the value of MRD monitoring by RT-qPCR in patients with APL treated with ATRA and arsenic trioxide +/- GO. We reviewed 223 patients with APL treated with this regimen. RT-qPCR for PML-RARA was measured every 3 months, and at 12, 18, and 24 months after therapy. Seven patients relapsed. Time to relapse was 7.9-12.4 months in 6 patients, and one patient relapsed after 79.5 months. These data show that MRD monitoring may be important for the detection of relapse in patients treated with this regimen within one year after completing therapy, however, since late molecular relapse is rare, our data suggest a low value of MRD monitoring beyond that first year.

8.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(9): 162, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588432

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with rearrangement of the lysine methyltransferase 2a gene (KMT2Ar) has adverse outcomes. However, reports on the prognostic impact of various translocations causing KMT2Ar are conflicting. Less is known about associated mutations and their prognostic impact. In a retrospective analysis, we identified 172 adult patients with KMT2Ar AML and compared them to 522 age-matched patients with diploid AML. KMT2Ar AML had fewer mutations, most commonly affecting RAS and FLT3 without significant impact on prognosis, except for patients with ≥2 mutations with lower overall survival (OS). KMT2Ar AML had worse outcomes compared with diploid AML when newly diagnosed and at relapse, especially following second salvage (median OS of 2.4 vs 4.8 months, P < 0.0001). Therapy-related KMT2Ar AML (t-AML) had worse outcomes compared with de novo KMT2Ar AML (median OS of 0.7 years vs 1.4 years, P < 0.0001). Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) in first remission was associated with improved OS (5-year, 52 vs 14% for no allo-HSCT, P < 0.0001). In a multivariate analysis, translocation subtypes causing KMT2Ar did not predict survival, unlike age and allo-HSCT. In conclusion, KMT2Ar was associated with adverse outcomes regardless of translocation subtype. Therefore, AML risk stratification guidelines should include all KMT2Ar as adverse.

9.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 137, 2021 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479626

RESUMO

Quantification of measurable residual disease (MRD) provides critical prognostic information in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A variety of platforms exist for MRD detection, varying in their sensitivity and applicability to individual patients. MRD detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, multiparameter flow cytometry, or next-generation sequencing has prognostic implications in various subsets of AML and at various times throughout treatment. While it is overwhelmingly evident that minute levels of remnant disease confer increased risk of relapse and shortened survival, the therapeutic implications of MRD remain less clear. The use of MRD as a guide to selecting the most optimal post-remission therapy, including hematopoietic stem cell transplant or maintenance therapy with hypomethylating agents, small molecule inhibitors, or immunotherapy is an area of active investigation. In addition, whether there are sufficient data to use MRD negativity as a surrogate endpoint in clinical trial development is controversial. In this review, we will critically examine the methods used to detect MRD, its role as a prognostic biomarker, MRD-directed therapeutics, and its potential role as a study endpoint.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Animais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Citometria de Fluxo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Prognóstico
11.
Mod Pathol ; 34(12): 2154-2167, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34226673

RESUMO

Breast implant anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a T-cell neoplasm arising around textured breast implants that was recognized recently as a distinct entity by the World Health Organization. Rarely, other types of lymphoma have been reported in patients with breast implants, raising the possibility of a pathogenetic relationship between breast implants and other types of lymphoma. We report eight cases of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive large B-cell lymphoma associated with breast implants. One of these cases was invasive, and the other seven neoplasms were noninvasive and showed morphologic overlap with breast implant ALCL. All eight cases expressed B-cell markers, had a non-germinal center B-cell immunophenotype, and were EBV+ with a latency type III pattern of infection. We compared the noninvasive EBV+ large B-cell lymphoma cases with a cohort of breast implant ALCL cases matched for clinical and pathologic stage. The EBV+ large B-cell lymphoma cases more frequently showed a thicker capsule, and more often were associated with calcification and prominent lymphoid aggregates outside of the capsule. The EBV+ B-cell lymphoma cells were more often arranged within necrotic fibrinoid material in a layered pattern. We believe that this case series highlights many morphologic similarities between EBV+ large B-cell lymphoma and breast implant ALCL. The data presented suggest a pathogenetic role for breast implants (as well as EBV) in the pathogenesis of EBV+ large B-cell lymphoma. We also provide some histologic findings useful for distinguishing EBV+ large B-cell lymphoma from breast implant ALCL in this clinical setting.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117074

RESUMO

A 52-yr-old woman presented with therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia. A bone marrow biopsy showed 21% blasts with a myeloid phenotype and no other notable features such as abnormal eosinophils. Routine nanofluidics-based reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) leukemia translocation panel designed to screen for recurrent genetic abnormalities in acute leukemia detected an inversion 16 transcript variant E. This prompted rereview of karyotype and fluorescence in situ hybridization studies, which confirmed inv(16), leading to appropriate prognostication and modification of treatment. This case underscores the utility of a powerful molecular screening method for the routine detection of recurrent genetic abnormalities of acute myeloid leukemia. It was especially useful in this case because of the lack of characteristic morphologic findings seen in inversion 16 and the difficulty in its detection by conventional karyotype analysis.

13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2607, 2021 05 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972549

RESUMO

Allosteric inhibitors of mutant IDH1 or IDH2 induce terminal differentiation of the mutant leukemic blasts and provide durable clinical responses in approximately 40% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with the mutations. However, primary resistance and acquired resistance to the drugs are major clinical issues. To understand the molecular underpinnings of clinical resistance to IDH inhibitors (IDHi), we perform multipronged genomic analyses (DNA sequencing, RNA sequencing and cytosine methylation profiling) in longitudinally collected specimens from 60 IDH1- or IDH2-mutant AML patients treated with the inhibitors. The analysis reveals that leukemia stemness is a major driver of primary resistance to IDHi, whereas selection of mutations in RUNX1/CEBPA or RAS-RTK pathway genes is the main driver of acquired resistance to IDHi, along with BCOR, homologous IDH gene, and TET2. These data suggest that targeting stemness and certain high-risk co-occurring mutations may overcome resistance to IDHi in AML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Metilação de DNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Idoso , Aminopiridinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Dioxigenases , Epigenômica , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Glicina/uso terapêutico , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Família Multigênica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , RNA-Seq , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Análise de Célula Única , Triazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas ras/genética
15.
Blood Adv ; 5(8): 2173-2183, 2021 04 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885753

RESUMO

Spliceosome mutations (SRSF2, SF3B1, U2AF1, ZRSR2), are encountered in ∼50% of secondary acute myeloid leukemia cases (sAML) and define a molecular subgroup with outcomes similar to sAML in de novo AML patients treated with intensive chemotherapy. Outcomes in patients with spliceosome mutations treated with hypomethylating agents in combination with venetoclax (HMA+VEN) remains unknown. The primary objective was to compare outcomes in patients with spliceosome mutations vs wild-type patients treated with HMA+VEN. Secondary objectives included analysis of the mutational landscape of the spliceosome cohort and assessing the impact of co-occurring mutations. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of patients treated with HMA+VEN-based regimens at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. A total of 119 patients (spliceosome mutated n = 39 [SRSF2, n = 24; SF3B1, n = 8; U2AF1, n = 7]; wild-type, n = 80) were included. Similar responses were observed between spliceosome and wild-type cohorts for composite complete response (CRc; 79% vs 75%, P = .65), and measurable residual disease-negative CRc (48% vs 60%, P = .34). Median overall survival for spliceosome vs wild-type patients was 35 vs 14 months (P = .58), and was not reached; 35 months and 8 months for patients with SRSF2, SF3B1, and U2AF1 mutations, respectively. IDH2 mutations were enriched in patients with SRSF2 mutations and associated with favorable outcomes (1- and 2-year overall survival [OS] of 100% and 88%). RAS mutations were enriched in patients with U2AF1 mutations and associated with inferior outcomes (median OS, 8 months). Comparable outcomes were observed between patients with vs without spliceosome mutations treated with HMA+VEN regimens, with specific co-mutation pairs demonstrating favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas Nucleares , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina , Fator de Processamento U2AF/genética , Sulfonamidas
16.
Cancer ; 127(17): 3113-3124, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the clonal mechanisms underlying leukemogenesis, prognostic factors, and optimal therapy for atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML). METHODS: The authors evaluated the clinicopathologic features, outcomes, and responses to therapy of 65 patients with aCML. The median age was 67 years (range, 46-89 years). RESULTS: The most frequently mutated genes included ASXL1 (83%), SRSF2 (68%), and SETBP1 (58%). Mutations in SETBP1, SRSF2, TET2, and GATA2 appeared at variant allele frequencies (VAFs) greater than 40%, whereas other RAS pathway mutations were more likely to appear at low VAFs. The acquisition of new, previously undetectable mutations at transformation was observed in 63% of the evaluable patients, with the most common involving signaling pathway mutations. Hypomethylating agents (HMAs) were associated with the highest response rates but with a short duration of response (median, 2.7 months). Therapy with ruxolitinib was not associated with clinically significant responses as a single agent or in combination with an HMA. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation was the only therapy associated with improved outcomes (hazard ratio, 0.144; 95% CI, 0.035-0.593; P = .007). Age, platelet counts, bone marrow blast percentages, and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were independent predictors of survival and were integrated in a multivariable model that allowed the prediction of 1- and 3-year survival. CONCLUSIONS: aCML is characterized by high frequencies of ASXL1, SRSF2, and SETBP1 mutations and is associated with a high risk of acute myeloid leukemia transformation. Response and survival outcomes with current therapies remain poor. The incorporation of age, platelet counts, bone marrow blast percentages, and LDH levels can allow survival prediction, and allogeneic stem cell transplantation should be considered for all eligible patients.

17.
Blood Cancer Discov ; 2(2): 125-134, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681815

RESUMO

Despite promising results with FLT3 inhibitors (FLT3i), response durations remain short. We studied pretreatment and relapse bone marrow samples from patients with FLT3-mutated AML treated with FLT3i-based therapies (secondary resistance cohort), and pretreatment bone marrow samples from patients with no response to FLT3i-based therapies (primary resistance cohort). Targeted next generation sequencing at relapse identified emergent mutations involving on-target FLT3, epigenetic modifiers, RAS/MAPK pathway, and less frequently WT1, and TP53. RAS/MAPK and FLT3-D835 mutations emerged most commonly following type I and type II FLT3i-based therapies, respectively. Patients with emergent mutations at relapse had inferior overall survival compared with those without emergent mutations. Among pretreatment RAS mutated patients, pretreatment cohort level variant allelic frequencies for RAS were higher in non-responders, particularly with type I FLT3i-based therapies, suggesting a potential role in primary resistance as well. These data demonstrate distinct pathways of resistance in FLT3-mutated AML treated with type I versus II FLT3i.

18.
Br J Haematol ; 192(6): 1054-1063, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618432

RESUMO

Clonal haematopoiesis (CH) in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) may persist beyond attaining complete remission. From a consecutive cohort of 67 patients with nucleophosmin 1-mutated (NPM1mut ) AML, we identified 50 who achieved NPM1mut clearance and had parallel multicolour flow cytometry (MFC) and next generation sequencing (NGS). In total, 13 (26%) cleared all mutations, 37 (74%) had persistent CH frequently involving DNA methyltransferase 3α (DNMT3A,70%), tet methylcytosine dioxygenase 2 (TET2, 27%), isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2, 19%) and IDH1 (11%). A small number (<1%) of aberrant CD34+ myeloblasts, but immunophenotypically different from original AML blasts [herein referred to as a pre-leukaemic (PL) phenotype], was detected in 17 (49%) patients with CH, but not in any patients with complete clearance of all mutations (P = 0·0037). A PL phenotype was associated with higher mutation burden (P = 0·005). Persistent IDH2 and serine and arginine-rich splicing factor 2 (SRSF2) mutations were exclusively observed in PL+ CH+ cases (P = 0·016). Persistent dysplasia was seen exclusively in cases with a PL+ phenotype (29% vs. none; P = 0·04). The PL+ phenotype did not correlate with age, intensity of induction therapy or relapse-free survival. Post-remission CH in the setting of NPM1mut clearance is common and may result in immunophenotypic changes in myeloid progenitors. It is important to not misinterpret these cells as AML measurable residual disease (MRD).


Assuntos
Medula Óssea , Hematopoiese Clonal , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Mutação , Células Progenitoras Mieloides , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Proteínas Nucleares , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Medula Óssea/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Progenitoras Mieloides/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Mieloides/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Indução de Remissão
20.
Arch Pathol Lab Med ; 145(11): 1405-1412, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33493304

RESUMO

CONTEXT.­: RNA-based next-generation sequencing (NGS) assays are being used with increasing frequency for comprehensive molecular profiling of solid tumors. OBJECTIVE.­: To evaluate factors that might impact clinical assay performance. DESIGN.­: A 4-month retrospective review of cases analyzed by a targeted RNA-based NGS assay to detect fusions was performed. RNA extraction was performed from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections and/or cytology smears of 767 cases, including 493 in-house and 274 outside referral cases. The types of samples included 422 core needle biopsy specimens (55%), 268 resection specimens (35%), and 77 cytology samples (10%). RESULTS.­: Successful NGS fusion testing was achieved in 697 specimens (90.9%) and correlated positively with RNA yield (P < .001) and negatively with specimen necrosis (P = .002), decalcification (P < .001), and paraffin block age of more than 2 years (P = .001). Of the 697 cases that were successfully sequenced, 50 (7.2%) had clinically relevant fusions. The testing success rates and fusion detection rates were similar between core needle biopsy and cytology samples. In contrast, RNA fusion testing was often less successful using resection specimens (P = .007). Testing success was independent of the tumor percentage in the specimen, given that at least 20% tumor cellularity was present. CONCLUSIONS.­: The success of RNA-based NGS testing is multifactorial and is influenced by RNA quality and quantity. Identification of preanalytical factors affecting RNA quality and yield can improve NGS testing success rates.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Fusão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Neoplasias/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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