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1.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396762

RESUMO

Meta-analysis on immunohistological (IHC) concepts for the detection of inflammatory cardiomyopathy (InfCM) in endomyocardial biopsies (EMB). We included 61 publications, with 10,491 patients (mean age 47.1 years; men 66%) who underwent EMB and IHC evaluation. The 460 control patients were devoid of IHC proof of InfCM. The mean IHC detection rate of InfCM was 50.8% (95% CI 47.7-53.8%; range 18.4-91.7%). A publication bias was excluded (Funnel Plot p = 0.4264). This IHC detection rate was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher compared to the histological detection of myocarditis according to the Dallas criteria (mean 8.04%; 95% CI 5.08-12.5%; subset of 3274 patients in 30 publications). However, 13 different diagnostic IHC criteria were described in the publications, with various thresholds of diverse phenotypes of quantified infiltrates, and endothelial expression of diverse cell adhesion molecules (CAM), quantified either visually or by digital image analysis (DIA). The comparison of IHC with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data available in a subset of 13 publications with 1185 patients revealed a sensitivity for CMR of 69% (95% CI 58-79%), a specificity of 73% (95% CI 59-84%), and a ROC-AUC of 0.77 (95% CI 0.73-0.81). This meta-analysis encompassing 10,491 patients confirms a mean detection rate of InfCM in 50.8% of EMB, being significantly more sensitive compared to the histological Dallas criteria. IHC cannot be fully substituted by CMR. However, standardization of the diverse IHC markers and protocols seems pertinent, especially considering the published adverse prognostic impact of IHC-confirmed InfCM and its published suitability for the selection of candidates responding favorably to immunosuppression.

2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236690

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The DANISH trial raised doubts about the effectiveness of primary prevention of sudden cardiac death by ICD implantation among patients with non-ischemic heart failure. We sought to analyse data from the EVITA-HF registry to give an answer from real-world registry data to the DANISH trial. METHODS: 1804 patients were identified from the EVITA-HF registry with chronic heart failure (CHF) due to ischemic or dilated heart disease and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction of ≤ 35%. The patients were divided into two groups: Patients with newly implanted cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD group; mean age 66 ± 12 years, 77% male) and without ICD (no-ICD group; mean age 66 ± 14 years, 77% male). The subgroups were compared with regard to mortality and predictive parameters affecting survival. RESULTS: Cardiovascular risk factors were similar among patients in the non-ICD group (n = 1473) compared to ICD group (n = 331). After 1-year follow-up patients with ischemic heart disease showed a significant improved survival in the ICD group compared to non-ICD group [92.1% vs. 80.6%, HR 0.37 (0.22-0.62)]. Patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy did not show a difference with regard to survival between the ICD and the non-ICD group [93.7% vs. 93.1%, HR 0.92 (0.43-1.97)]. The data were stable in a Cox-regression model. CONCLUSION: In a real-world setting, no benefit was evident for patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction by adding ICD therapy in a short-term follow-up of 12 months in contrast to patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

3.
Circulation ; 139(10): 1249-1258, 2019 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30586755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mechanical circulatory support devices are increasingly used in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS), despite limited evidence for their effectiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes associated with use of the Impella device compared with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) and medical treatment in patients with AMI-CS. METHODS: Data of patients with AMI-CS treated with the Impella device at European tertiary care hospitals were collected retrospectively. All patients underwent early revascularization and received optimal medical treatment. Using IABP-SHOCK II (Intraaortic Balloon Pump in Cardiogenic Shock II) trial inclusion and exclusion criteria, 372 patients were identified and included in this analysis. These patients were matched to 600 patients from the IABP-SHOCK II trial. The following baseline criteria were used as matching parameters: age, sex, mechanical ventilation, ejection fraction, prior cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and lactate. Primary end point was 30-day all-cause mortality. RESULTS: In total, 237 patients treated with an Impella could be matched to 237 patients from the IABP-SHOCK II trial. Baseline parameters were similarly distributed after matching. There was no significant difference in 30-day all-cause mortality (48.5% versus 46.4%, P=0.64). Severe or life-threatening bleeding (8.5% versus 3.0%, P<0.01) and peripheral vascular complications (9.8% versus 3.8%, P=0.01) occurred significantly more often in the Impella group. Limiting the analysis to IABP-treated patients as a control group did not change the results. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective analysis of patients with AMI-CS, the use of an Impella device was not associated with lower 30-day mortality compared with matched patients from the IABP-SHOCK II trial treated with an IABP or medical therapy. To further evaluate this, a large randomized trial is warranted to determine the effect of the Impella device on outcome in patients with AMI-CS. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT03313687.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30482527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors for paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation in a large single-center cohort, including measurement of aortic valve calcification using a reproducible method. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed preoperative contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography scans of patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation in our center between 2009 and 2016. Calcium volume was calculated for each aortic cusp in the aortic valve, left ventricular outflow tract, and device landing zone. RESULTS: Overall, 539 patients were included in the study who had experience with 4 prothesis types (SapienXT [Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, Calif] [n = 192], Sapien3 [Edwards Lifesciences] [n = 206], CoreValve EvolutR [Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn] [n = 44], and Acurate [Symetis, Ecublens, Switzerland] [n = 97]). Median calcium volume in the device landing zone was 757 mm3, with no significant differences among the 4 prosthesis groups. None of the patients had severe PVL. The overall incidence of mild-to-moderate PVL was 15.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 12.8%-19.1%). On multivariate logistic regression, device landing zone calcification (P = .00006; odds ratio for an increase of 100 mm3, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.04-1.13) and use of the CoreValve (P = .0028; odds ratio, 4.1; 95% CI, 1.6-10 with SapienXT as reference) prosthesis were found to be associated with mild or greater PVL. In contrast, degree of oversizing (P = .002; odds ratio, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.95-0.99), and use of Sapien3 (P = .00005; odds ratio, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.11-0.47 with SapienXT as reference) were associated with a lower incidence of mild or greater PVL. CONCLUSIONS: Aortic calcification volume in the device landing zone is associated with residual PVL after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. When taking calcification into account, the balloon-expandable prosthesis Sapien3 seems to be associated with a lower incidence of PVL.

5.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2018 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30003365

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency (ID) has been recognized as a relevant comorbidity in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF); however, study data have shown that diagnostic and therapeutic efforts on ID are primarily performed in patients with anemia. METHODS: The RAID-HF registry investigated consecutive patients with ID and HFrEF in 11 heart centers in Germany and Switzerland. The present analysis focuses on 1-year follow-up data in patients with versus without anemia. RESULTS: In 505 patients with HFrEF and ID and 418 patients with HFrEF without ID 1-year follow-up was performed. Patients with ID had a higher long-term mortality compared to those without ID (19.5% vs. 13.7%, p = 0.02) and reported a lower quality of life. Only a minority of patients with ID (9.3%) received iron supplementation during long-term course, just 4.7% intravenously. Anemia was associated with an elevated mortality whereas ID versus no ID did not predict mortality in anemic patients (log-rank p = 0.78). However, in patients without anemia ID versus no ID predicted mortality (log-rank p = 0.002). In the adjusted analysis a significant interaction remained, with ID being a significant predictor of 1-year mortality in patients without anemia (HR 2.15, 95% CI 1.12-3.78), but not in anemic patients (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.65-1.49). CONCLUSIONS: RAID-HF demonstrates the impact of ID on long-term mortality and quality of life in patients with HFrEF and reveals an underuse of iron supplementation in current clinical practice. Particularly in patients without anemia the diagnosis of ID is of clinical relevance to identify patients at higher mortality risk.

6.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2018 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29736811

RESUMO

Transcatheter alcohol septal ablation (ASA) treatment of symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is based on the existence and degree of intraventricular obstruction. Patients with significant gradient and symptoms who do not respond to optimal medical therapy are eligible to gradient reduction through a surgical (septal myectomy) or a transcatheter (alcohol septal ablation) septal reduction. The latter encompasses occlusion of a septal branch perfusing the hypertrophied septum, which is involved in the generation of obstruction, by injecting ethanol into the supplying septal branch(es). ASA has been established as a highly effective and safe method and has outnumbered the surgical gold standard. Although the technique is straightforward, patient selection and some technical details may influence the efficacy and safety of the procedure. The technique is based on echocardiographic contrast guidance, which allows accurate target septal branch selection and optimisation of the result. Published long-term results from high-volume centres have confirmed the effectiveness of ASA and have shown excellent survival, which is comparable to that in the general population. Choice and performance of the surgical or interventional treatment should be implemented in highly specialised centres in terms of a heart-team approach, taking notice of anatomic characteristics as well as comorbidities. Involvement of all cases in international registries may reveal the individual merits and indications for the surgical and interventional treatment in HOCM.

7.
Europace ; 20(suppl_2): ii48-ii55, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29722860

RESUMO

Aims: Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) after catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) revealed a high rate of procedure related oesophageal lesions. We hypothesized that magnetically guided CA with careful radiofrequency energy titration at the posterior left atrial (LA) wall limits the incidence of oesophageal tissue damage. Methods and results: As a part of the prospective "Remote MAGNetic catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation" (MAGNA-AF) registry, 251 out of 266 consecutive patients underwent OGD after magnetically guided single-CA for AF. All detected pathologies were analysed. Simultaneous pacing and ablation from the tip of the magnetically guided catheter was found to be a safe and feasible method for energy titration. Post-interventional OGD documented midoesophageal tissue damage in four (1.6%) patients. Although a thermal origin of these injuries must be discussed, none of them was located at the anterior oesophageal wall. Risk factors for midoesophageal lesions were female gender and concomitant acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) treatment. Mechanical lesions in 16 patients were attributed to periprocedural transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE). There was no atrio-oesophageal fistula (AOF). Five hundred and one incidental pathologies were found endoscopically, most frequent axial oesophageal herniation (71%), oesophagitis (22%), and gastritis (57%). Conclusion: Magnetically guided CA for AF with careful energy titration at the posterior LA wall and no oesophageal temperature monitoring is not associated with an increased incidence of oesophageal thermal injury. The routine use of periprocedural TOE may cause a low rate of mechanical oesophageal lesions but reliably prevents major complications like transient ischaemic attack, stroke, or cardiac tamponade. An observed high prevalence of upper digestive system inflammation (63%) may further support the recommendation for a routine post-interventional treatment with a proton-pump-inhibitor.

8.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 185-193, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440878

RESUMO

Background: Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that can influence mortality and functional recovery after treatment of severe aortic stenosis (AS). The integration of standardized geriatric assessment (GA) in clinical practice is limited by a lack of consensus on how to measure it. Objectives: This study aims to compare the incremental predictive value of different frailty scales to predict the outcomes following surgical aortic valve replacement, transcatheter aortic valve implantation, and conservative treatment of severe AS. Methods: A prospective cohort of 300 older adults with severe AS will be assembled after standard clinical examinations and a comprehensive GA, including 18 different tests and values. Primary outcome parameters are overall mortality, cardiovascular mortality, quality of life, and functionality. Secondary parameters are overall complications, cardiovascular complications, and costs. Results: Expected results will contribute to the growing body of evidence on frailty based on parameters that influence clinical and functional outcome in elderly patients independent of the method of treatment. The pre-procedural assessment is expected to be valuable in discriminating new post-procedural complications from simple exacerbations of pre-existing conditions. Therefore, a new frailty test which is simple and feasible for application in a clinical routine by most medical professionals, may help in identifying patients for whom further GA should be considered. Finally, such a frailty score could support heart teams to find the right treatment for patients suffering from AS. Conclusion: Comparison of different frailty scales has not only the goal of finding a predictive value of mortality but also to bring in a meaningful improvement for each individual patient and to avoid disability or fatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Qualidade de Vida , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Heart Valve Dis ; 26(3): 255-261, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29092108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), especially via the transfemoral (TF) route, is increasingly performed in patients considered in the 'gray zone' between TAVI and surgery. However, the best treatment option in this patient population remains to be established. METHODS: Since 2010, a total of 923 patients underwent either TAVI (n = 538) or sutureless aortic valve replacement (AVR) (n = 385) at the authors' institutions. Among these patients, 79 treated with TF-TAVI were compared with 79 propensity score-matched patients who had undergone elective isolated AVR with the sutureless Perceval bioprosthesis. RESULTS: In-hospital mortality did not differ significantly between patients who underwent sutureless AVR or TF-TAVI (none versus three; 3.8%; p = 0.123). Similarly, postoperative complications were comparable between groups. Atrioventricular block requiring postoperative pacemaker implantation occurred in seven patients (9.2%) of the sutureless group and in eight patients (11.1%) of the TF-TAVI group (p = 0.455). The use of blood products varied between groups in terms of red blood cell transfusions (1.7 ± 2 versus 0.3 ± 0.9 units for the sutureless group versus TF-TAVI group; p <0.001). Paravalvular leakage at discharge was present in three patients (3.8%) in the sutureless group and in 26 patients (32.9%) in the TF-TAVI group (p <0.001). The mean follow up was longer for sutureless AVR (36 ± 21 versus 27 ± 20 months; p = 0.003). Survival rates were 97.5% and 84.8% in the sutureless and TF-TAVI groups, respectively (p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Both, TF-TAVI and sutureless AVR are well-standardized, safe and effective procedures. TF-TAVI seems to be a valuable alternative to surgical AVR for frail patients, reducing the need for perioperative blood transfusion. In contrast, in patients with a favorable long-term survival outcome, minimally invasive AVR remains the procedure of choice as it is associated with better long-term results.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos sem Sutura , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/etiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Bioprótese , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Transfusão de Sangue , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Alemanha , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Seleção de Pacientes , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos sem Sutura/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos sem Sutura/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Heart Fail Rev ; 22(6): 743-752, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28721466

RESUMO

Cardiomyopathies are complex diseases of multifactorial pathogenesis and have a high morbidity and mortality. Over the past decades, several revisions of classifications and definitions of cardiomyopathies have been proposed, primarily focusing on the phenotypic characterization of cardiomyopathies. The MOGE(S) classification system published in 2013 encompasses the classification of rapidly growing knowledge on genetic mutations, acquired causes (i.e., intramyocardial inflammation, viral infections), and further conditions involved in the induction of cardiomyopathies (e.g., storage diseases, toxicity). It is based on five attributes, including morphofunctional characteristics (M), organ involvement (O), genetic or familial inheritance pattern (G), etiological annotation (E), and optional information about the heart failure functional status (S). This review summarizes the development, the cornerstones of the MOGE(S) classification, and the published data on the clinical relevance of the MOGE(S) classification. We furthermore discuss new issues which might be considered for future updates of the MOGE(S) classification of cardiomyopathies.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Cardiomiopatias , Previsões , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/classificação , Cardiomiopatias/classificação , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Fenótipo
11.
Am J Cardiol ; 118(12): 1875-1880, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27756479

RESUMO

Iron deficiency (ID) has been identified as an important co-morbidity in patients with heart failure (HF). Intravenous iron therapy reduced symptoms and rehospitalizations of iron-deficient patients with HF in randomized trials. The present multicenter study investigated the "real-world" management of iron status in patients with HF. Consecutive patients with HF and ejection fraction ≤40% were recruited and analyzed from December 2010 to October 2015 by 11 centers in Germany and Switzerland. Of 1,484 patients with HF, iron status was determined in only 923 patients (62.2%), despite participation of the centers in a registry focusing on ID and despite guideline recommendation to determine iron status. In patients with determined iron status, a prevalence of 54.7% (505 patients) for ID was observed. Iron therapy was performed in only 8.5% of the iron-deficient patients with HF; 2.6% were treated with intravenous iron therapy. The patients with iron therapy were characterized by a high rate of symptomatic HF and anemia. In conclusion, despite strong evidence of beneficial effects of iron therapy on symptoms and rehospitalizations, diagnostic and therapeutic efforts on ID in HF are low in the actual clinical practice, and the awareness to diagnose and treat ID in HF should be strongly enforced.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Ferro/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Registros , Oligoelementos/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia Ferropriva/complicações , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Ferropriva/epidemiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/uso terapêutico , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Maltose/análogos & derivados , Maltose/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Razão de Chances , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Prevalência , Suíça/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Immunother Cancer ; 4: 50, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27532025

RESUMO

Immune-checkpoint blocking antibodies have demonstrated objective antitumor responses in multiple tumor types including melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and renal cell cancer (RCC). In melanoma, an increase in overall survival has been demonstrated with anti-CTLA-4 and PD-1 inhibition. However, a plethora of immune-mediated adverse events has been reported with these agents. Immune-mediated cardiotoxicity induced by checkpoint inhibitors has been reported in single cases with variable presentation, including myocarditis and pericarditis. Among six clinical cancer centers with substantial experience in the administration of immune-checkpoint blocking antibodies, eight cases of immune-related cardiotoxicity after ipilimumab and/or nivolumab/pembrolizumab were identified. Diagnostic findings, treatment and follow-up are reported. A large variety of cardiotoxic events with manifestations such as heart failure, cardiomyopathy, heart block, myocardial fibrosis and myocarditis was documented. This is the largest case series to date describing cardiotoxicity of immune-checkpoint blocking antibodies. Awareness, monitoring of patients with pre-existing cardiac disorders and prompt evaluation by the treatment team is essential. Treatment including application of steroids is critical for patient safety.

14.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 105(9): 763-73, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27112783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic viral infections of the heart are considered one antecedent event leading to progressive dysfunction of the myocardium, often with an impaired prognosis due to a virus- or immune-mediated myocardial injury. Symptomatic treatment does not influence the viral cause of heart failure, and the effect of antiviral treatment has not been determined, yet. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this phase II study 143 patients with symptoms of heart failure and biopsy-based confirmation of the enterovirus (EV), adenovirus, and/or parvovirus B19 genomes in their myocardial tissue were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment, and received either placebo (n = 48) or 4 × 10(6) (n = 49) and 8 × 10(6) IU (n = 46) interferon beta-1b (IFN-ß-1b) for 24 weeks, in addition to standard heart failure treatment. Patients with active myocarditis or other specific causes of heart failure were excluded. Compared to placebo, virus elimination and/or virus load reduction was higher in the IFN-ß-1b groups (odds ratio 2.33, p = 0.048), similarly in both interferon groups and both strata. IFN-ß-1b treatment was associated with favourable effects on NYHA functional class (p = 0.013 at follow-up week 12), improvement in quality of life (Minnesota Heart Failure score; p = 0.032 at follow-up week 24) and patient global assessment (follow-up week 12 to follow-up week 24; p = 0.039). The frequency of adverse cardiac events was not higher in the IFN-ß-1b groups compared to the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: Immunomodulatory IFN-ß-1b treatment is a well-tolerated and safe treatment option, leading to effective virus clearance or reduction of the virus load in patients with chronic viral cardiomyopathy. Favourable clinical effects assess quality of life, NYHA functional class, and patient global assessment. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT001185250.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenoviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Cardiomiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Enterovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Eritema Infeccioso/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon beta-1b/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Adenoviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Adenoviridae/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Adenoviridae/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Biópsia , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatias/virologia , Doença Crônica , Método Duplo-Cego , Infecções por Enterovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Enterovirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Enterovirus/virologia , Eritema Infeccioso/diagnóstico , Eritema Infeccioso/fisiopatologia , Eritema Infeccioso/virologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon beta-1b/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral
15.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 105(6): 471-81, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26879807

RESUMO

Intravenous inotropic therapy may be necessary to achieve short-term survival in end-stage heart failure patients with cardiogenic shock or extreme low output and severe organ hypoperfusion. However, mid- or long-term intravenous inotropic therapy is associated with an increased mortality in advanced stage D heart failure patients using ß-adrenoceptor agonists (dobutamine) or PDE-3-inhibitors (milrinone). Intermittent levosimendan may evolve as a reasonable therapeutic option. Randomized trials or other meaningful scientific evidence addressing the optimal treatment of exclusively the most threatened subgroup of hospitalized patients with persistent severe organ hypoperfusion are missing, but urgently needed. Despite a lack of other beneficial pharmacological options, the use of long-term intravenous inotropic therapy as a treatment for refractory heart failure or as an obligatory criterion for high urgency (HU) listing of heart transplant candidates with a median waiting time of 66 days in Germany is not based on scientific evidence. In addition, it might create a disincentive to achieve the HU status as well as keeping it, thereby potentially exposing the patient to an unnecessary additional risk. Upcoming new allocation algorithms may possibly help to improve the inadequate present situation. There is need for both, a better definition and a better treatment of high risk terminal heart failure requiring high urgent transplant listing.


Assuntos
Baixo Débito Cardíaco/tratamento farmacológico , Débito Cardíaco/efeitos dos fármacos , Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/mortalidade , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Cardiotônicos/efeitos adversos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Dobutamina/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Coração , Humanos , Hidrazonas/administração & dosagem , Milrinona/administração & dosagem , Razão de Chances , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Piridazinas/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco , Simendana , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Listas de Espera
16.
Minerva Cardioangiol ; 64(6): 581-5, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26859231

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most appropriate approach for high-risk patients with degenerated bioprostheses remains a matter of debate. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and hemodynamic outcome of redo patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve implantation (VinV-TAVI) and sutureless aortic valve replacement (AVR), with assessment of patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) in the perioperative and follow-up period. METHODS: From 2010, 343 patients underwent TAVI and 220 patients underwent sutureless AVR at our institution. Among these, 14 patients had prior bioprosthetic AVR and indication for reintervention because of valve degeneration. Patients from the TAVI group (N.=6) underwent VinV-TAVI, and patients from the sutureless group (N.=8) underwent redo AVR. RESULTS: Mean age was 78.8±3 years in the sutureless group and 80.2±2.3 in the VinV-TAVI group. Logistic EuroSCORE was 36.4±24.1% and 33.8±13.8% in the sutureless and VinV-TAVI group, respectively. There was no in-hospital death. No patient was lost to follow-up (21±13 months, range 6 to 42). Quality of life measured with the EQ-5D questionnaire improved by 65% in the sutureless group and by 67% in the VinV-TAVI group. At follow-up echocardiographic evaluation, no paravalvular leak or intraprosthetic regurgitation was observed in either group. The mean iEOA was 0.96±0.08 vs. 0.71±0.15 cm2/m2 in the sutureless vs. VinV-TAVI group. CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing redo aortic valve surgery for degenerated bioprostheses, both VinV-TAVI and sutureless AVR are effective in terms of clinical outcome. As regards echocardiographic evaluation, no leak was observed in either group and no cases of severe PPM were recorded in the sutureless group.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/psicologia , Bioprótese , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Reoperação/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 116(11): 1737-43, 2015 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26433277

RESUMO

Surgical sutureless and interventional transcatheter aortic valve prostheses are nowadays extensively adopted in high-risk elderly patients. An explorative analysis was carried out to compare the clinical outcome and costs associated to these approaches. Since 2010, a total of 626 patients were distributed between transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI; n = 364) and sutureless (n = 262) groups. Patients of both groups were not comparable for clinical and surgical characteristics, but many patients were in a "gray zone"; therefore, a retrospective propensity score analysis was possible and performed. For the matched pair samples, postoperative, follow-up clinical data, and costs data were obtained. In-hospital death occurred in 5 patients in sutureless group and 3 patients in TAVI group (p = 0.36). Blood transfusions were higher in sutureless group (2.1 ± 2.3 vs 0.4 ± 1.0 U). TAVI group had a shorter intensive care unit and hospital stay (2.2 ± 2.7 vs 3.2 ± 3.5 days, p = 0.037; 12 ± 6 vs 14 ± 6 days, p = 0.017). No differences in postoperative neurologic (p = 0.361), renal (p = 0.106), or respiratory (p = 0.391) complications were observed between groups. At follow-up (24.5 ± 13.8 months), 1 patient in sutureless group and 7 patients in TAVI group died (p = 0.032). Paravalvular leakage occurred more frequently in patients in TAVI group (35 [34%] vs 7 [6.9%]; p <0.001) with an impact on follow-up survival rate. The costs associated to the 2 procedures are similar when the cost of the device was excluded (p = 0.217). When included, the sutureless approach resulted a cost saving (€22,451 vs €33,877, p <0.001). In conclusion, the patients in the "gray zone" record a satisfying clinical outcome after sutureless surgery and TAVI. Patients in the sutureless group endure more hospital complications, but TAVI entails a higher follow-up mortality. On the costs aspects, TAVI technologies are more expensive, and it reflects on higher overall hospital costs.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/economia , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 64(12): 1217-26, 2014 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25236513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the prognostic value of findings from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging has been established in single-center center studies in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), a large multicenter investigation to evaluate the prognostic significance of myocardial damage and reperfusion injury is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic impact of CMR in an adequately powered multicenter study and to evaluate the most potent CMR predictor of hard clinical events in a STEMI population treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We enrolled 738 STEMI patients in this CMR study at 8 centers. The patients were reperfused by primary PCI <12 h after symptom onset. Central core laboratory-masked analyses for quantified left ventricular (LV) function, infarct size (IS), microvascular obstruction (MO), and myocardial salvage were performed. The primary clinical endpoint of the study was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events. RESULTS: Patients with cardiovascular events had significantly larger infarcts (p < 0.001), less myocardial salvage (p = 0.01), a larger extent of MO (p = 0.009), and more pronounced LV dysfunction (p < 0.001). In a multivariate model that included clinical and other established prognostic parameters, MO remained the only significant predictor in addition to the TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) risk score. IS and MO provided an incremental prognostic value above clinical risk assessment and LV ejection fraction (c-index increase from 0.761 to 0.801; p = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: In a large, multicenter STEMI population reperfused by primary PCI, CMR markers of myocardial damage (IS and especially MO) provide independent and incremental prognostic information in addition to clinical risk scores and LV ejection fraction. (Abciximab i.v. Versus i.c. in ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction [AIDA STEMI]; NCT00712101).


Assuntos
Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
19.
Am J Cardiol ; 114(4): 503-9, 2014 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24994545

RESUMO

Nonrandomized studies suggested lower mortality rates with statin pretreatment in patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, clinical data are still inconclusive and the mechanisms of these presumed beneficial effects require further exploration. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging offers the possibility of studying a variety of markers of myocardial damage and reperfusion injury after myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to assess a possible link of statin pretreatment with myocardial damage in acute STEMI. The multicenter Abciximab i.v. versus i.c. in ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction CMR substudy enrolled 795 consecutive patients with acute STEMI who underwent primary angioplasty within 12 hours of symptom onset. CMR studies assessing left ventricular ejection fraction, infarct size, microvascular obstruction, area at risk, and myocardial salvage index were performed in a median of 3 days after the clinical event. We performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate the impact of statin pretreatment on myocardial damage. Information on statin pretreatment was available in 791 of 795 patients (99%). Of these, 122 (15%) had long-term statin pretreatment. CMR results showed no significant differences in the area at risk, left ventricular ejection fraction, infarct size, microvascular obstruction, and myocardial salvage index between patients with and without statin pretreatment. Furthermore, no differences in short- and long-term outcomes could be observed. In conclusion, in this CMR study, statin pretreatment in patients with STEMI was not associated with lesser myocardial damage.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 147(2): 561-7, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24280712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This propensity-matched study compared clinical and echocardiographic outcomes between patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and sutureless aortic valve replacement. METHODS: From January 2010 to March 2012, 122 patients (age 79.4 ± 5.3 years, logistic euroSCORE 12% ± 8.4%) underwent minimally invasive sutureless aortic valve replacement, and 122 (age 84.6 ± 6.2 years, logistic euroSCORE 20.9% ± 2.5%) underwent TAVI. After propensity matching, 37 matched pairs were available for analysis. RESULTS: Preoperative characteristics and risk scores of matched groups were comparable. In-hospital mortalities were 0% in the sutureless group and 8.1% (n = 3) in the TAVI group (P = .24). Permanent pacemaker implantation was required in 4 patients in the sutureless group and 1 patient in the TAVI group (10.8% vs 2.7%; P = .18). A neurologic event was recorded in 2 patients of each group. Predischarge echocardiographic data showed higher paravalvular leak rate in the TAVI group (13.5% vs 0%; P = .027). At mean follow-up of 18.9 ± 10.1 months, overall cumulative survival was 91.9% and significantly differed between groups (sutureless 97.3% vs TAVI 86.5%; P = .015). In the TAVI group, a significant difference in mortality was observed between patients with (n = 20) and without (n = 17) paravalvular leak (25% vs 0%; P = .036). CONCLUSIONS: Combining the advantage of standard diseased valve removal with shorter procedural times, minimally invasive sutureless aortic valve replacement may be the first-line treatment for high-risk patients considered in the "gray zone" between TAVI and conventional surgery.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Seleção de Pacientes , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Técnicas de Sutura , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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