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2.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 15(6): 621-627, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28513987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous risk factors place palliative care patients at an increased risk of skin infections, dermatitis, and pressure sores. Furthermore, worsening of chronic skin disorders can be expected, as well as the development of treatment-induced and malignancy-related dermatoses. The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and treatment of dermatological conditions in patients receiving hospital-based palliative care. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-one palliative patients were enrolled. All assessments were conducted by dermatologists. Skin lesions were classified into seven categories: infections, skin tumors, dermatitis, chronic wounds, nail and hair disorders, pruritus, and other unclassified conditions. Treatment modalities were classified as topical only or systemic. RESULTS: Overall, 1,267 dermatological conditions were recorded, 49 % of which were hospital-acquired. All patients had at least one dermatological condition, and more than 50 different dermatological disorders were noted. The most common group of skin disorders was dermatitis (18.3 % of all dermatological conditions), followed by nail and hair disorders (17.5 %). Almost 16 % of dermatological conditions were treated systemically. CONCLUSIONS: Dermatological conditions are a common and clinically significant problem for palliative patients. The inclusion of dermatologists in multidisciplinary palliative teams should prove helpful in the management of these patients.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Dermatite/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cabelo/epidemiologia , Doenças da Unha/epidemiologia , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermatopatias Infecciosas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Estado Terminal/enfermagem , Dermatite/diagnóstico , Feminino , Doenças do Cabelo/diagnóstico , Humanos , Doença Iatrogênica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Unha/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Open Access Maced J Med Sci ; 4(3): 423-427, 2016 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27703567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in elderly and is a risk factor for pressure ulcers. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in geriatric and palliative patients hospitalised in long-term care facility, and to examine the influence of nutritional status on the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study including 2099 patients admitted to the Hospital during a 24 month period (January 2013 to December 2014). We recorded: demographic data, body mass index (BMI), Braden score, laboratory parameters of interest (albumin, total protein, RBC count, haemoglobin and iron levels) and presence or absence of malnutrition and pressure ulcers. RESULTS: The pressure ulcer prevalence was 12.9% (256 out of 2099). Based on the BMI classification, 61.7% of patients had a good nutritional status, 27.4% were undernourished, and 2.1% were considered malnourished. Nutritional status was statistically significantly different between patients with and without PU (p < 0.0001). This study also showed that hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, low RBC was positively associated with PU prevalence. CONCLUSION: The results highlight the impact of nutritional status on the prevalence of pressure ulcers in hospitalised geriatric and palliative population. It is of paramount importance to correctly evaluate the presence of malnutrition in patients at risk of pressure ulcers.

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