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1.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672944

RESUMO

Herein, we combine for the first time SQUID magnetometry, cw-EPR, THz-EPR, and paramagnetic NMR spectroscopies to study the magnetic properties of a high-spin cobalt(II) heteroscorpionate complex. Complementary information provided by these methods allowed precise determination of the magnetic interaction parameters, thereby removing the ambiguity inherit to single-method studies. We systematically investigate the extent to which information about the magnetic interaction parameters can be deduced from reduced data sets. The detailed study revealed significant different magnetic properties in solid state and solution. To further exploit the information content of the solution NMR experimental results, we introduce the new concept of reduced paramagnetic shift. It allows for the determination of the magnetic axes and, subsequently, full NMR signal assignment. It is shown that even in complicated cases, in which common NMR analytics (integral intensities, relaxation factors, etc.) fail, it yields robust results.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984742

RESUMO

Boron-cross-linked cobalt(II) pseudoclathrochelate was obtained by the template reaction of 2-acetylpyrazoloxime, phenylboronic acid, and a new DMF cobalt(II) solvato complex with a decachloro-closo-decaborate dianion. As confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, this complex crystallizes with two symmetry-independent cobalt(II) pseudoclathrochelate cations, one decachloro-closo-decaborate dianion, one benzene, one dichloromethane solvent molecule, and two molecules of DMF. The latter act as pseudocapping fragments to the monocapped tris-pyrazoloximate ligands by forming N-H···O hydrogen bonds with their pyrazole groups. The CoIIN6-coordination polyhedra adopt a nearly ideal TP geometry with distortion angles φ equal to 1.22(16) and 2.58(17)° for two symmetry-independent pseudoclathrochelate cations, both containing the encapsulated cobalt(II) ion in its high-spin state (Co-N 2.115(4)-2.198(3) Å). Magnetic properties of this complex were studied both by dc-magnetometry and by solution-state NMR spectroscopy to reveal a high magnetic anisotropy, thus suggesting a large magnetic susceptibility tensor anisotropy (25.8 × 10-32 m3 at 298 K) and a large negative zero-field splitting energy (-85 cm-1). The results of magnetometry studies in the ac magnetic field suggest a single molecule magnet behavior of this TP complex with an effective magnetization reversal barrier of approximately 130 cm-1. Its pseudocapping DMF molecules that form H-bonds with tris-pyrazoloximate fragments are easy to substitute by strong H-bond acceptors, such as chloride ions and di- and tetramethylureas, thus affecting the magnetic properties of a whole pseudomacrobicyclic paramagnetic system.

3.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(4): 755-766, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912862

RESUMO

The design of small organic molecules with a predictable and desirable DNA-binding mechanism is a topical research task for biomedicine application. Herein, we demonstrate an attractive supramolecular strategy for controlling the non-covalent ligand-DNA interaction by binding with cucurbituril as a synthetic receptor. With a combination of UV/vis, CD and NMR experiments, we demonstrate that the bis-styryl dye with two suitable binding sites can involve double stranded DNA and cucurbituril in the formation of the supramolecular triad. The ternary assembly is formed as a result of the interaction of macrocyclic cucurbituril with one pyridinium fragment of the bis-styryl dye, while the second pyridinium fragment of the dye is effectively associated with DNA backbones, which leads to a change in the ligand-DNA binding mode from aggregation to a minor groove. This exciting outcome was supported by molecular docking studies that help to understand the molecular orientation of the supramolecular triad and elucidate the destruction of dye aggregates caused by cucurbituril. These studies provide valuable information on the mechanisms of DNA binding to small molecules and recognition processes in bioorganic supramolecular assemblies constructed from multiple non-covalent interactions.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Corantes/química , DNA/química , Imidazóis/química , Estirenos/química , Animais , Bovinos , Ligantes , Compostos Macrocíclicos/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(16): 11051-11065, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369247

RESUMO

Chiral copper(II) and cobalt(III) complexes (1-5 and 6, respectively) derived from Schiff bases of (S)-2-(aminomethyl)pyrrolidine and salicylaldehyde derivatives were employed in a mechanistic study of the Henry reaction-type condensation of nitromethane and o-nitrobenzaldehyde in CH2Cl2 (CD2Cl2), containing different amounts of water. The reaction kinetics was monitored by 1H and 13C NMR. The addition of water had a different influence on the activity of the two types of complexes, ranging from a crucial positive effect in the case of the copper(II) complex 2 to insignificant in the case of the stereochemically inert cobalt(III) complex 6. No experimental support was found by 1H NMR studies for the classical Lewis acid complexation of the carbonyl group of the aldehyde by the central copper(II) ion, and, moreover, density functional theory (DFT) calculations support the absence of such coordination. On the other hand, a very significant complexation was found for water, and it was supported by DFT calculations. In fact, we suggest that it is the Brønsted acidity of the water molecule coordinated to the metal ion that triggers the aldehyde activation. The rate-limiting step of the reaction was the removal of an α-proton from the nitromethane molecule, as supported by the observed kinetic isotope effect equaling 6.3 in the case of the copper complex 2. It was found by high-resolution mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization that the copper(II) complex 2 existed in CH2Cl2 in a dimeric form. The reaction had a second-order dependence on the catalyst concentration, which implicated two dimeric forms of the copper(II) complex 2 in the rate-limiting step. Furthermore, DFT calculations help to generate a plausible structure of the stereodetermining transition step of the condensation.

5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6716, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040328

RESUMO

Cycling stability and specific capacitance are the most critical features of energy sources. Nitrogen incorporation in crystalline carbon lattice allows to increase the capacitance without increasing the mass of electrodes. Despite the fact that many studies demonstrate the increase in the capacitance of energy sources after nitrogen incorporation, the mechanism capacitance increase is still unclear. Herein, we demonstrate the simple approach of plasma treatment of carbon structures, which leads to incorporation of 3 at.% nitrogen into Carbon NanoWalls. These structures have huge specific surface area and can be used for supercapacitor fabrication. After plasma treatment, the specific capacitance of Carbon NanoWalls increased and reached 600 F g-1. Moreover, we made a novel DFT simulation which explains the mechanism of nitrogen incorporation into the carbon lattice. This work paves the way to develop flexible thin film supercapacitors based on carbon nanowalls.

6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(16): 8201-8204, 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950488

RESUMO

Here we report a combined use of THz-EPR and NMR spectroscopy for obtaining a detailed electronic structure of a long-known high-spin complex, cobalt(ii) bis[tris(pyrazolyl)borate]. The lowest inter-Kramers transition was directly measured by THz-EPR spectroscopy, while the energies of higher Kramers doublets were estimated by a recently proposed NMR-based approach. Together, they produced magnetic parameters for a full model that explicitly includes spin-orbit coupling. This approach is applicable to all transition metal ions for which the spin-orbit coupling cannot be treated perturbatively.

7.
Chemphyschem ; 20(8): 1001-1005, 2019 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897255

RESUMO

Herein, we report a new trigonal prismatic cobalt(II) complex that behaves as a single molecule magnet. The obtained zero-field splitting, which is also directly accessed by THz-EPR spectroscopy (-102.5 cm-1 ), results in a large magnetization reversal barrier U of 205 cm-1 . Its effective value, however, is much lower (101 cm-1 ), even though there is practically no contribution from quantum tunneling to magnetization relaxation.

8.
Chem Asian J ; 13(20): 3084-3089, 2018 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30114341

RESUMO

The interaction of a set of mono-, di- and trisubstituted silanes with OH proton donors of different strength was studied by variable temperature (VT) FTIR and NMR spectroscopies at 190-298 K. Two competing sites of proton donors coordination: SiH and π-density of phenyl rings-are revealed for phenyl-containing silanes. The hydrogen bonds SiH⋅⋅⋅HO and OH⋅⋅⋅π(Ph) are of similar strength, but can be distinguished in the νSiH range: the νSiH⋅⋅⋅HO vibrations appear at lower frequencies while OH⋅⋅⋅π(Ph) complexes give Si-H vibrations shifted to higher frequency. The calculations showed the manifold picture of the noncovalent interactions in hydrogen-bonded complexes of phenylsilanes. As OH⋅⋅⋅HSi bonds are weak, the other noncovalent interactions compete in the stabilization of the intermolecular complexes. Still, the structural and electronic parameters of "pure" DHB complexes of phenylsilanes are similar to those of Et3 SiH.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 57(3): 1656-1664, 2018 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29350026

RESUMO

The interaction of trans-W(N2)2(dppe)2 (1; dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane) with relatively weak acids (p-nitrophenol, fluorinated alcohols, CF3COOH) was studied by means of variable temperature IR and NMR spectroscopy and complemented by DFT/B3PW91-D3 calculations. The results show, for the first time, the formation of a hydrogen bond to the coordinated dinitrogen, W-N≡N···H-O, that is preferred over H-bonding to the metal atom, W···H-O, despite the higher proton affinity of the latter. Protonation of the core metal-the undesirable side step in the conversion of N2 to NH3-can be avoided by using weaker and, more importantly, bulkier acids.

10.
ACS Omega ; 3(5): 4941-4946, 2018 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31458710

RESUMO

Variable-temperature NMR spectroscopy has recently emerged as a new alternative to the magnetometry methods for studying single molecule magnets. Its use is based on an accurate determination of magnetic susceptibility tensor anisotropy Δχ, which is not always achievable due to some contact contribution to NMR chemical shifts and possible conformational dynamics. Here, we applied this approach to cholesteryl-substituted cage cobalt(II) complexes featuring a very large magnetic anisotropy. Conformational rigidity and large size of the cholesteryl substituent with many magnetically nonequivalent nuclei resulted in an excellent convergence of experimental and calculated 1H and 13C chemical shifts, thus allowing for the determination of Δχ value for all of the synthesized cobalt(II) complexes with a very high accuracy and providing a more reliable zero-field splitting energy for further calculations.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 56(24): 14759-14762, 2017 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29206025

RESUMO

Spin transitions in spin-crossover compounds are now routinely studied in the solid state by magnetometry; however, only a few methods exist for studies in solution. The currently used Evans method, which relies on NMR spectroscopy to measure the magnetic susceptibility, requires the availability of a very pure sample of the paramagnetic compound and its exact concentration. To overcome these limitations, we propose an alternative NMR-based technique for evaluating spin-state populations by only using the chemical shifts of a spin-crossover compound; those can be routinely obtained for a solution that contains unknown impurities and paramagnetic admixtures or is contaminated otherwise.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 56(12): 6943-6951, 2017 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541691

RESUMO

High magnetic anisotropy is a key property of paramagnetic shift tags, which are mostly studied by NMR spectroscopy, and of single molecule magnets, for which magnetometry is usually used. We successfully employed both these methods in analyzing magnetic properties of a series of transition metal complexes, the so-called clathrochelates. A cobalt complex was found to be both a promising paramagnetic shift tag and a single molecule magnet because of it having large axial magnetic susceptibility tensor anisotropy at room temperature (22.5 × 10-32 m3 mol-1) and a high effective barrier to magnetization reversal (up to 70.5 cm-1). The origin of this large magnetic anisotropy is a negative value of zero-field splitting energy that reaches -86 cm-1 according to magnetometry and NMR measurements.

13.
ACS Omega ; 2(10): 6852-6862, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457271

RESUMO

The study tackles one of the challenges in developing platinum-free molecular electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution, which is to seek for new possibilities to ensure large turnover numbers by stabilizing electrocatalytic intermediates. These species are often much more reactive than the initial electrocatalysts, and if not properly stabilized by a suitable choice of functionalizing substituents, they have a limited long-time activity. Here, we describe new iron and cobalt(II) cage complexes (clathrochelates) that in contrast to many previously reported complexes of this type do not act as electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution. We argue that the most probable reason for this behavior is an excessive stabilization of the metal(I) species by perfluoroaryl ribbed groups, resulting in an unprecedented long-term stability of the metal(I) complexes even in acidic solutions.

14.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 7(20): 4111-4116, 2016 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27689621

RESUMO

A large barrier to magnetization reversal, a signature of a good single-molecule magnet (SMM), strongly depends on the structural environment of a paramagnetic metal ion. In a crystalline state, where SMM properties are usually measured, this environment is influenced by crystal packing, which may be different for the same chemical compound, as in polymorphs. Here we show that polymorphism can dramatically change the magnetic behavior of an SMM even with a very rigid coordination geometry. For a cobalt(II) clathrochelate, it results in an increase of the effective barrier from 109 to 180 cm-1, the latter value being the largest one reported to date for cobalt-based SMMs. Our finding thus highlights the importance of identifying possible polymorphic phases in search of new, even more efficient SMMs.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(31): 9792-5, 2015 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26199996

RESUMO

Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) with one transition-metal ion often rely on unusual geometry as a source of magnetically anisotropic ground state. Here we report a cobalt(II) cage complex with a trigonal prism geometry showing single ion magnet behavior with very high Orbach relaxation barrier of 152 cm(-1). This, to our knowledge, is the largest reported relaxation barrier for a cobalt-based mononuclear SMM. The trigonal prismatic coordination provided by the macrocyclic ligand gives intrinsically more stable molecular species than previously reported SMMs, thus making this type of cage complexes more amendable to possible functionalization that will boost their magnetic anisotropy even further.

16.
Chemistry ; 21(13): 4923-5, 2015 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25688543

RESUMO

Melittin is a membrane-active peptide from bee venom with promising antimicrobial and anticancer activity. Herein we report on a simple and selective method for labeling of the tryptophan residue in melittin by the organometallic fragment [(C5 H5 )Ru](+) in aqueous solution and in air. Ruthenium coordination does not disturb the secondary structure of the peptide (as verified by 2D NMR spectroscopy), but changes the pattern of its intermolecular interactions resulting in an 11-fold decrease of hemolytic activity. The high stability of the organometallic conjugate allowed the establishment of the biodistribution of the labeled melittin in mice by inductively coupled plasma MS analysis of ruthenium.


Assuntos
Venenos de Abelha/química , Meliteno/química , Rutênio/química , Triptofano/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Camundongos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Peptídeos
17.
Science ; 347(6220): 415-7, 2015 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25515120

RESUMO

Reports of plumes or patches of methane in the martian atmosphere that vary over monthly time scales have defied explanation to date. From in situ measurements made over a 20-month period by the tunable laser spectrometer of the Sample Analysis at Mars instrument suite on Curiosity at Gale crater, we report detection of background levels of atmospheric methane of mean value 0.69 ± 0.25 parts per billion by volume (ppbv) at the 95% confidence interval (CI). This abundance is lower than model estimates of ultraviolet degradation of accreted interplanetary dust particles or carbonaceous chondrite material. Additionally, in four sequential measurements spanning a 60-sol period (where 1 sol is a martian day), we observed elevated levels of methane of 7.2 ± 2.1 ppbv (95% CI), implying that Mars is episodically producing methane from an additional unknown source.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 53(6): 3062-71, 2014 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24559424

RESUMO

Chloride ion-aided one-pot template self-assembly of a mixed pyrazoloxime ligand with phenylboronic acid on a corresponding metal(II) ion as a matrix afforded the first boron-capped zinc, cobalt, iron, and manganese pseudoclathrochelate tris-pyrazoloximates. The presence of a pseudocross-linking hydrogen-bonded chloride ion is critical for their formation, as the same chloride-capped complexes were isolated even in the presence of large excesses of bromide and iodide ions. As revealed by X-ray diffraction, all complexes are capped with a chloride ion via three N-H···Cl hydrogen bonds that stabilize their pseudomacrobicyclic frameworks. The MN6 coordination polyhedra possess a distorted trigonal prismatic geometry, with the distortion angles φ between their nonequivalent N3 bases of approximately 0°. Temperature dependences of the effective magnetic moment for the paramagnetic complexes showed the encapsulated metal(II) ions to be in a high-spin state in the temperature range of 2-300 K. In the case of the iron(II) pseudoclathrochelate, density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT calculations were used to assess its spin state as well as the (57)Fe Mössbauer and UV-vis-NIR parameters. Cyclic voltammetry studies performed for these pseudomacrobicyclic complexes showed them to undergo irreversible or quasi-reversible metal-localized oxidations and reductions. As no changes are observed in the presence of a substantial excess of bromide ion, no anion-exchange reaction occurs, and thus the pseudoclathrochelates have a high affinity toward chloride anions in solution.

19.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 5(3): 496-500, 2014 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26276599

RESUMO

As a rule, rational design of cooperative spin-crossover (SCO) molecular switches is largely based on consideration of sizes and structures of individual building blocks, whereas a meticulous analysis of crystal packing, including the weakest intermolecular interactions, is often assumed to play a secondary role or is even fully neglected. By investigating cobalt(II) clathrochelates, which do not change the molecular volume upon SCO, we showed that even weak (1.2 kcal/mol) π···Cl intermolecular interactions can cause a pronounced anticooperativity of SCO, being more gradual in the solid state than in solution. Our results clearly demonstrate that the "chemical pressure" concept is not as general as it is thought to be, and the successful design of molecular switches requires in-depth analysis of intermolecular interactions, however weak they seem.

20.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 5(21): 3799-803, 2014 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26278750

RESUMO

Transition-metal complexes are rarely considered as paramagnetic tags for NMR spectroscopy due to them generally having relatively low magnetic anisotropy. Here we report cobalt(II) cage complexes with the largest (among the transition-metal complexes) axial anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, reaching as high as 12.6 × 10(-32) m(3) at room temperature. This remarkable anisotropy, which results from an unusual trigonal prismatic geometry of the complexes and translates into large negative value of the zero-field splitting energy, is high enough to promote reliable paramagnetic pseudocontact shifts at the distance beyond 2 nm. Our finding paves the way toward the applications of cobalt(II) clathrochelates as future paramagnetic tags. Given the incredible stability and functionalization versatility of clathrochelates, the fine-tuning of the caging ligand may lead to new chemically stable mononuclear single-molecule magnets, for which magnetic anisotropy is of importance.

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