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1.
Hematology ; 25(1): 366-371, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treatment patterns and patient outcomes in Latin America. METHODS: This chart review study (NCT02559583; 2008-2015)evaluated time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) outcomes among patients with CLL who initiate done (n = 261) to two (n = 96) lines of therapy (LOT) since diagnosis. Differences in TTP and OS were assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis, with a log-rank test for statistical significance. Association between therapeutic regimen and risk for disease progression or death was estimated using Cox proportional hazard regression. RESULTS: The most commonly prescribed therapies in both LOTs were chlorambucil-, followed by fludarabine- and cyclophosphamide (C)/CHOP-based therapies. Chlorambucil- and C/CHOP-based therapies were largely prescribed to elderly patients (≥65 years) while fludarabine-based therapy was predominantly used by younger patients (≤65 years). In LOT1, relative to chlorambucil-administered patients, those prescribed fludarabine-based therapies had lower risk of disease progression (hazard ratio [HR] and 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.32 [0.19-0.54]), whereas C/CHOP-prescribed patients had higher risk (HR 95%CI 1.88 [1.17-3.04]). Similar results were observed in LOT2. There was no difference in OS between treatments in both LOTs. DISCUSSION: Novel therapies such as kinase inhibitors were rarely prescribed in LOT1 or LOT2in Latin America. The greater TTP observed forfludarabine-based therapies could be attributed to the fact that fludarabine-based therapies are predominantly administered to young and healthy patients. CONCLUSION: Chlorambucil-based therapy, which has limited benefits, is frequently prescribed in Latin America. Prescribing novel agents for fludarabine-based therapy-ineligible patients with CLL is the need of the hour. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02559583.

2.
J Glob Oncol ; 5: 1-19, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Limited information is available on multiple myeloma (MM), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) management in Latin America. The primary objective of the Hemato-Oncology Latin America (HOLA) study was to describe patient characteristics and treatment patterns of Latin American patients with MM, CLL, and NHL. METHODS: This study was a multicenter, retrospective, medical chart review of patients with MM, CLL, and NHL in Latin America identified between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015. Included were adults with at least 1 year of follow-up (except in cases of death within 1 year of diagnosis) treated at 30 oncology hospitals (Argentina, 5; Brazil, 9; Chile, 1; Colombia, 5; Mexico, 6; Panama/Guatemala, 4). RESULTS: Of 5,140 patients, 2,967 (57.7%) had NHL, 1,518 (29.5%) MM, and 655 (12.7%) CLL. Median follow-up was 2.2 years for MM, 3.0 years for CLL, and 2.2 years for NHL, and approximately 26% died during the study observation period. Most patients had at least one comorbidity at diagnosis. The most frequent induction regimen was thalidomide-based chemotherapy for MM and chlorambucil with or without prednisone for CLL. Most patients with NHL had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL; 49.1%) or follicular lymphoma (FL; 19.5%). The majority of patients with DLBCL or FL received rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. CONCLUSION: The HOLA study generated an unprecedented level of high-quality, real-world evidence on characteristics and treatment patterns of patients with hematologic malignancies. Regional disparities in patient characteristics may reflect differences in ethnoracial identity and level of access to care. These data provide needed real-world evidence to understand the disease landscape in Latin America and may be used to inform clinical and health policy decision making.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , América Latina/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
3.
Future Oncol ; 15(3): 257-269, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251548

RESUMO

Philadelphia chromosome, reciprocal translocation between chromosome 9 and 22, leading to a constitutively active fusion protein BCR-ABL1 is the common feature among Philadelphia positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The discovery of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has led to significant improvement in the treatment of CML and Ph+ ALL. Ponatinib is a third-generation TKI that is currently approved as per label when no other TKIs are indicated for the treatment of patients with CML and Ph+ ALL after failing treatment with second-generation TKIs or if presence of T315I mutation is discovered. This review summarizes the ponatinib development, approved indications as well as ongoing clinical studies in CML and Ph+ ALL.


Assuntos
Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Mutação , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Falha de Tratamento
4.
Oncotarget ; 9(29): 20255-20264, 2018 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29755649

RESUMO

Quantification of BCR-ABL1 mRNA levels in peripheral blood of chronic myeloid leukemia patients is a strong indicator of response to tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKI) treatment. However, additional prognostic markers are needed in order to better classify patients. The hypothesis of leukemic stem cells (LSCs) heterogeneity and persistence, suggests that their functional evaluation could be of clinical interest. In this work, we assessed the primitive and progenitor fractions in patients at diagnosis and during TKI treatment using functional in vitro assays, defining a "functional leukemic burden" (FLB). We observed that the FLB was reduced in vivo in both fractions upon treatment. However, different FLB levels were observed among patients according to their response to treatment, suggesting that quantification of the FLB could complement early molecular monitoring. Given that FLB assessment is limited by BCR-ABL1 mRNA expression levels, we developed a novel detection method of primitive cells at the DNA level, using patient-specific primers and direct nested PCR in colonies obtained from functional in vitro assays. We believe that this method could be useful in the context of discontinuation trials, given that it is unknown whether the persistent leukemic clone represents LSCs, able to resume the leukemia upon TKI removal.

5.
Curr Oncol Rep ; 20(1): 4, 2018 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29383451

RESUMO

The introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) has dramatically changed the outcome of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Over the last decade, imatinib positioned itself as the gold standard of care, until second-generation TKIs were introduced as first-line treatment. Multiple therapeutic options available today in CML make the decision of the first-line therapy a difficult choice. However, a gap still exists, in the management of CML outside academic centers. Important advances in molecular monitoring have been developed worldwide; nevertheless, monitoring in the "real world" continues to be a challenge in part because international scale (IS) standardized laboratories are not available worldwide, and also because physicians still have some resource barriers and lack of familiarity restricting guideline adoption and consider optimal molecular monitoring a challenge. This review addresses CML first-line treatment, monitoring aspects and giving practical advice, identifying prognostic factors, and guiding management of CML for non-academic centers.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Humanos
6.
Br J Haematol ; 179(2): 219-228, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28699641

RESUMO

The Evaluating Nilotinib Efficacy and Safety in Clinical Trials-Extending Molecular Responses (ENESTxtnd) study was conducted to evaluate the kinetics of molecular response to nilotinib in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukaemia in chronic phase and the impact of novel dose-optimization strategies on patient outcomes. The ENESTxtnd protocol allowed nilotinib dose escalation (from 300 to 400 mg twice daily) in the case of suboptimal response or treatment failure as well as dose re-escalation for patients with nilotinib dose reductions due to adverse events. Among 421 patients enrolled in ENESTxtnd, 70·8% (95% confidence interval, 66·2-75·1%) achieved major molecular response (BCR-ABL1 ≤ 0·1% on the International Scale) by 12 months (primary endpoint). By 24 months, 81·0% of patients achieved major molecular response, including 63·6% (56 of 88) of those with dose escalations for lack of efficacy and 74·3% (55 of 74) of those with dose reductions due to adverse events (including 43 of 54 patients with successful re-escalation). The safety profile of nilotinib was consistent with prior studies. The most common non-haematological adverse events were headache, rash, and nausea; cardiovascular events were reported in 4·5% of patients (grade 3/4, 3·1%). The study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01254188).


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos
7.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 77(3): 161-166, 2017.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643670

RESUMO

The expected five-year survival of chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is over 90%. Little data is available regarding the results in the Argentinian population. This information might be of interest as generic imatinib is now available in the region. The aim of this study is to provide information on monitoring and the long-term treatment with imatinib outside of a controlled clinical trial, as well as to analyze the predictive effect of early responses to achieve molecular remission 4.0 (RM 4.0) and the detection of variables that may condition treatment failure. We included 106 patients, who received imatinib 400 mg daily as first-line inhibitor for a median of 8.9 years (IQR 5.8-11.7) between June 2000 and December, 2015. Overall survival was 93%. At latest follow-up 74% of patients continues on initial imatinib. The achievement of response at targeted milestones (6, 12 months) was associated with increased failure-free survival: 87% vs. 56%, p = 0.007; 90% vs. 69% p = 0.01 and was independently associated to RM 4.0: OR 5.6 (95% CI: 1.6-19.0); OR 5.3 (95% CI: 1.4-21.0) p = 0.006. After long-term follow-up, imatinib provided high-rates of response and survival. The prognostic value of response at targeted milestones was confirmed. This study reinforces the importance of molecular monitoring under IS standardization at known timepoints and this must continue to be a target in Argentina.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 77(3): 161-166, jun. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-894451

RESUMO

La supervivencia a cinco años de los pacientes con leucemia mieloide crónica en fase crónica tratados con inhibidores de tirosina quinasa es superior al 90%. Existen escasos datos a nivel local. Esta información puede ser de interés, ya que el imatinib genérico se encuentra disponible en la región. El objetivo del presente estudio es proporcionar información del monitoreo y los resultados a largo plazo del tratamiento con imatinib fuera de un ensayo clínico controlado, así como analizar el valor predictivo de respuestas tempranas para el logro de respuesta molecular 4.0 y la detección de variables que puedan condicionar falla al tratamiento. Se incluyeron 106 pacientes tratados con imatinib 400 mg diarios como inhibidor de primera línea durante una mediana de 8.9 años IQR (5.8-11.7) entre junio del 2000 y diciembre del 2015. La supervivencia global fue de 93%. En la última evaluación, 74% de los pacientes continuaba recibiendo el imatinib inicial. La obtención de respuesta en los objetivos temporales específicos (6, 12 meses) se asoció con mayor supervivencia libre de falla: 87% vs. 56%, p = 0.007; 90% vs. 69% p = 0.01 y mayor adquisición de respuesta molecular 4.0: OR 5.6 (IC 95% 1.6-19.0) p = 0.003; OR 5.3 (IC 95% 1.4-21.0) p = 0.006. Luego del prolongado seguimiento, el imatinib proporcionó altas tasas de respuesta y supervivencia. Se confirmó el valor pronóstico de la respuesta en momentos temporales específicos. Este estudio refuerza la importancia del monitoreo estandarizado en los puntos temporales conocidos, que debe continuar siendo un objetivo en Argentina.


The expected five-year survival of chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors is over 90%. Little data is available regarding the results in the Argentinian population. This information might be of interest as generic imatinib is now available in the region. The aim of this study is to provide information on monitoring and the long-term treatment with imatinib outside of a controlled clinical trial, as well as to analyze the predictive effect of early responses to achieve molecular remission 4.0 (RM 4.0) and the detection of variables that may condition treatment failure. We included 106 patients, who received imatinib 400 mg daily as first-line inhibitor for a median of 8.9 years (IQR 5.8-11.7) between June 2000 and December, 2015. Overall survival was 93%. At latest follow-up 74% of patients continues on initial imatinib. The achievement of response at targeted milestones (6, 12 months) was associated with increased failure-free survival: 87% vs. 56%, p = 0.007; 90% vs. 69% p = 0.01 and was independently associated to RM 4.0: OR 5.6 (95% CI: 1.6-19.0); OR 5.3 (95% CI: 1.4-21.0) p = 0.006. After long-term follow-up, imatinib provided high-rates of response and survival. The prognostic value of response at targeted milestones was confirmed. This study reinforces the importance of molecular monitoring under IS standardization at known timepoints and this must continue to be a target in Argentina.

9.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 44: 16-21, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27454607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is associated to the BCR-ABL1 oncogene and can successfully be treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, it remains still under investigation which molecular factors may influence CML risk or varying responses to TKIs. The aim of this study was to assess the role of Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) genetic polymorphisms in CML susceptibility and TKI clinical outcome. MATERIALS: Deletion polymorphisms in GSTM1 and GSTT1 genes and the single nucleotide polymorphism in GSTP1 c.319A>G (rs1695; p.105Ile>Val) were genotyped by PCR methods in 141 CML treated patients and 141 sex- and age-matched healthy individuals. RESULTS: Individual analysis of each GST gene showed no association with CML risk. A trend toward significance (p=0.07) for a recessive model was found for GSTP1 (OR: 2.04; CI: 0.94-4.4). However, the combined analysis showed that GSTM1-null/GSTP1-GG as well as GSTT1-null/GSTP1-GG were associated with CML development (p=0.03; OR: 3.54 CI: 1.2-14.57; p=0.05; OR: 12.65; CI: 1.17-21.5). The relationship with treatment outcome showed that the presence of GSTM1 gene was significantly linked with an inferior rate of major molecular response (p=0.048) and poor event free-survival (EFS) (p=0.02). Furthermore, a group of patients with GSTP1-GG genotype were significantly associated with reduced EFS comparing to those carrying other GSTP1 genotypes (p=0.049). GSTP1-GG genotypes had short time to treatment failure in a group of patients unresponsive to TKIs comparing to other GSTP1 genotypes (p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the significance of GSTM1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms on CML susceptibility and response to TKIs in the Argentinean population.


Assuntos
Glutationa S-Transferase pi/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Blood Cells Mol Dis ; 59: 129-33, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27282582

RESUMO

BCR-ABL1 gene is a key molecular marker of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but it is still unclear which molecular factors may influence CML risk or lead to variable responses to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of TP53 c.213 G>C(Arg72Pro; rs1042522) polymorphism on CML risk and its correlation with clinical outcome. Peripheral blood samples from 141 treated CML patients and 141 sex- and age-matched healthy individuals were genotyped by PCR-RFLP. Standard genetic models for disease penetrance were evaluated by logistic regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier method was performed to estimate survival curves. Our study suggests that TP53 c.213 G>C polymorphism may be involved in CML development considering a recessive model (p=0.01; OR: 0.19; CI: 0.06-0.68). In addition, a non-homogenous distribution was found for this polymorphism in males and patients youngers than 50years (p=0.02). According to clinical response, TP53-GG genotype was associated with higher levels of BCR-ABL1 transcripts (p=0.04) and shorter event free survival (p=0.04). Moreover, a trend toward significance was found for failure free survival (p=0.06) and time to imatinib failure (p=0.08). In conclusion, our data suggest that a;TP53 c.213 G>C may be a potential biomarker of CML susceptibility and clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Códon/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Cancer Invest ; 2015 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26279306

RESUMO

This is the largest Latin American study of BCR-ABL mutations in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, resistant to imatinib (IM). In 195/467 (41%) patients, mutations were detected. The most frequent mutation was T315I (n = 31, 16%). Progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 5 years were lower in patients with BCR-ABL mutations (43% vs. 65%, p = 0.07 and 47% vs. 72%, p = 0.03, respectively) and in those with the T315I mutation (p = 0.003 and p = 0.03). OS and PFS were superior in subgroup who switched to second generation inhibitors (SGIs) after IM failure (OS: 50% vs. 39% p = 0.01; PFS: 48% vs. 30% p = 0.02). BCR-ABL mutations conferred a significant poor prognosis in CML patients.

12.
Cancer Invest ; 33(9): 451-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26288116

RESUMO

This is the largest Latin American study of BCR-ABL mutations in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, resistant to imatinib (IM). In 195/467 (41%) patients, mutations were detected. The most frequent mutation was T315I (n = 31, 16%). Progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 5 years were lower in patients with BCR-ABL mutations (43% vs. 65%, p = 0.07 and 47% vs. 72%, p = 0.03, respectively) and in those with the T315I mutation (p = 0.003 and p = 0.03). OS and PFS were superior in subgroup who switched to second generation inhibitors (SGIs) after IM failure (OS: 50% vs. 39% p = 0.01; PFS: 48% vs. 30% p = 0.02). BCR-ABL mutations conferred a significant poor prognosis in CML patients.


Assuntos
Genes abl/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Mutação/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Blood ; 123(4): 494-500, 2014 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24311723

RESUMO

This analysis explores the impact of early cytogenetic and molecular responses on the outcomes of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP) in the phase 3 DASatinib versus Imatinib Study In treatment-Naive CML patients trial with a minimum follow-up of 3 years. Patients with newly diagnosed CML-CP were randomized to receive 100 mg dasatinib (n = 259) or 400 mg imatinib (n = 260) once daily. The retrospective landmark analysis included patients evaluable at the relevant time point (3, 6, or 12 months). Median time to complete cytogenetic response was 3 vs 6 months with dasatinib vs imatinib. At 3 and 6 months, the proportion of patients with BCR-ABL transcript levels ≤10% was higher in the dasatinib arm. Deeper responses at 3, 6, and 12 months were observed in a higher proportion of patients on dasatinib therapy and were associated with better 3-year progression-free survival and overall survival in both arms. First-line dasatinib resulted in faster and deeper responses compared with imatinib. The achievement of an early molecular response was predictive of improved progression-free survival and overall survival, supporting new milestones for optimal response in patients with early CML-CP treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00481247.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Citogenética , Dasatinibe , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Case Rep Hematol ; 2012: 624590, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22928126

RESUMO

Excellent response rates and a good quality of life have been observed since the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment. Consequently, some challenges began to appear in CML women in child-bearing age wishing to become pregnant. Currently, many women around the world are in stable major/complete molecular response MMR/CMR (MMR: <0.1% BCR-ABL/ABL and CMR: undetectable BCR-ABL mRNA by RQ-PCR transcript levels on the international scale). The condition of stable MMR/CMR is linked to a long-term virtual absence of progression to the accelerated and blastic phase and to the possibility of stopping the TKI treatment with the maintenance of a condition of CMR in a proportion of cases. Imatinib teratogenic and prescribing information prohibits the use of it during pregnancy. We describe the case of a 36-year-old female patient with CML in chronic phase who stopped imatinib after 2 years in major molecular response (MMR) to plan a pregnancy. Molecular monitoring by RQ-PCR was performed quarterly. She achieved a safe pregnancy and delivery maintaining an optimal molecular response throughout the pregnancy. Isolated literature reports have been described, but no formal advice has been described at present time.

15.
Blood ; 119(5): 1123-9, 2012 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22160483

RESUMO

Dasatinib is a highly potent BCR-ABL inhibitor with established efficacy and safety in imatinib-resistant/-intolerant patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In the phase 3 DASISION trial, patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase (CP) CML were randomized to receive dasatinib 100 mg (n = 259) or imatinib 400 mg (n = 260) once daily. Primary data showed superior efficacy for dasatinib compared with imatinib after 12 months, including significantly higher rates of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), confirmed CCyR (primary end point), and major molecular response (MMR). Here, 24-month data are presented. Cumulative response rates by 24 months in dasatinib and imatinib arms were: CCyR in 86% versus 82%, MMR in 64% versus 46%, and BCR-ABL reduction to ≤ 0.0032% (4.5-log reduction) in 17% versus 8%. Transformation to accelerated-/ blast-phase CML on study occurred in 2.3% with dasatinib versus 5.0% with imatinib. BCR-ABL mutations, assessed after discontinuation, were detected in 10 patients in each arm. In safety analyses, fluid retention, superficial edema, myalgia, vomiting, and rash were less frequent with dasatinib compared with imatinib, whereas pleural effusion and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia were more frequent with dasatinib. Overall, dasatinib continues to show faster and deeper responses compared with imatinib, supporting first-line use of dasatinib in patients with newly diagnosed CML-CP. This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00481247.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Idade de Início , Algoritmos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas , Análise Citogenética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Dasatinibe , Seguimentos , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 11(3): 280-5, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21658656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients is mandatory in the era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Achieving a major molecular response (MMR) at 12 and 18 months predicts a better progression and event-free survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The objective of this prospective, multicentric study was to evaluate MRD by standardized RT-PCR in 178 patients with chronic-phase CML who were treated with imatinib at different institutions in Argentina and Uruguay and to determine if achievement of a stable MMR (BCR-ABL transcript levels < 0.1%) identifies a low-risk cytogenetic relapse group. The median age of the patients was 50 years, and 55% of them had received imatinib as first-line therapy. BCR-ABL transcript levels were measured after achievement of complete cytogenetic remission (CCyR) and at 6-month intervals. RESULTS: MMR was detected in 44% patients at the start of the study. This value increased to 79% at month 36 of evaluation. Complete molecular response (CMR) also increased from 24% to 52% of patients. Not achieving a stable MMR determined a higher risk of cytogenetic relapse (9% of MMR patients not achieving an MMR vs. 1% of patients who achieved MMR). Patients with sustained MMR had a significantly better cytogenetic relapse-free survival at 48 months (97% vs. 87%; P = .008) but showed no differences in overall survival. Patients who did not remain in CCyR changed treatment. CONCLUSIONS: A stable MMR is a strong predictor for a durable CCyR. Standardized molecular monitoring could replace cytogenetic analysis once CCyR is obtained. These results emphasize the validity and feasibility of molecular monitoring in all standardized medical centers of the world.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Benzamidas , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Uruguai , Adulto Jovem
17.
Pharmacotherapy ; 29(9): 1152-6, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19698017

RESUMO

Abstract Imatinib is widely used to treat chronic myeloid leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. The agent, administered orally, has approximately 98% oral bioavailability, achieves maximum plasma concentration approximately 2-4 hours after ingestion, and has a plasma half-life of approximately 18 hours. As maintaining an adequate plasma imatinib concentration is essential to achieving a favorable therapeutic response, it is important to determine whether gastrointestinal surgery, pathologic conditions, or anatomic changes negatively affect imatinib absorption, and thereby result in subtherapeutic plasma imatinib concentrations. We describe a 36-year-old, morbidly obese woman with chronic myeloid leukemia who received treatment with alpha-interferon and cytarabine over 5 years. Her chemotherapy was then switched to imatinib 400 mg/day because she failed to achieve a molecular response with the other two agents. A complete molecular response was achieved with imatinib. Four years later, she underwent a sleeve gastrectomy while receiving imatinib. Imatinib plasma pharmacokinetic values were assessed before and on four occasions during the year after the sleeve gastrectomy. The patient's trough plasma concentration before surgery (1558 ng/ml) was consistent with those found in the literature (>/= 1000 ng/ml), whereas her trough concentrations after surgery were 46-60% lower (629-836 ng/ml) than the preoperative value. Despite this, the patient remained in complete molecular remission for 1 year after surgery. Monitoring plasma imatinib concentrations is recommended in morbidly obese patients with chronic myeloid leukemia or gastrointestinal stromal tumors who undergo gastric procedures. Additional pharmacokinetic studies, however, are needed in these patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Gastrectomia/métodos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Piperazinas/farmacocinética , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/sangue , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Área Sob a Curva , Benzamidas , Feminino , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Piperazinas/sangue , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/sangue , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Am J Hematol ; 84(5): 287-93, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19306355

RESUMO

The development of Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors has dramatically changed the prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Standard-dose imatinib (400 mg/day in chronic phase, 600 mg/day in advanced CML) now dominates the management of this disease, producing considerably higher hematologic, cytogenetic, and molecular response rates than seen with previous drug therapies. However, although many patients respond well to standard-dose imatinib initially, some patients do not achieve adequate levels of response or discontinue therapy because of resistance. One approach to improving treatment response with first-line imatinib may be to increase the imatinib dose (800 mg/day), although recent trial data indicate that overall increases in response rates may be modest. Newer Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors can induce responses in patients with all phases of imatinib-resistant CML, even those with imatinib-resistant mutations in the BCR-ABL gene. Furthermore, in initial studies, first-line dasatinib or nilotinib treatment has produced response rates that compare favorably with historical controls treated with imatinib, although confirmation is required from head-to-head clinical trials. Future clinical approaches may include drug combinations, which may allow quiescent leukemia stem cells to be eradicated. Further improvements in drug treatment for first-line CML are expected during the next few years.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/normas , Benzamidas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/tendências , Dasatinibe , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Genes abl , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Piperazinas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Hematology ; 13(1): 24-7, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18534062

RESUMO

We studied the clinical impact of CD38 expression in 226 chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients (CLL) at disease presentation and during follow up to determine its prognostic significance, progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), and to verify whether this parameter changed over time. Various patients' characteristics were studied including gender, Rai and Binet stages, immunoglobulin light chain expression, lymphocyte doubling time and CD38 expression. After a median follow up of 53 months (range 6-282), 62% CD38 positive(+) patients required therapy. PFS and OS at 84 months were significantly lower for CD38(+) patients: 20 and 71% respectively, compared to CD38 negative(-): 70 and 96%. At multivariate analysis CD38(+) showed to be the best factor for predicting progression: HR 3.3, 95%CI 2.10-5.14, p = 0.000. Its expression did not change in 98% re-evaluated patients. We confirm that CD38(+) is a stable parameter for the identification of CLL patients with a more aggressive disease course.


Assuntos
ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1/sangue , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos/classificação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/classificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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