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J Med Chem ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223236


The frequent deregulation of MYC and its elevated expression via multiple mechanisms drives cells to a tumorigenic state. Indeed, MYC is overexpressed in up to ~50% of human cancers and is considered a highly validated anticancer target. Recently, we discovered that WDR5 binds to MYC and is a critical cofactor required for the recruitment of MYC to its target genes and have reported the first small molecule inhibitors of the WDR5-MYC interaction using structure-based design. These compounds display high binding affinity, but have poor physicochemical properties and are hence not suitable for in vivo studies. Herein, we conducted an NMR-based fragment screening to identify additional chemical matter and, using a structure-based approach, we merged a fragment hit with the previously reported sulfonamide series. Compounds in this series can disrupt the WDR5-MYC interaction in cells and as a consequence, we observed a reduction of MYC localization to chromatin.

Biochemistry ; 59(8): 964-969, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032490


KLHL-12 is a substrate specific adapter protein for a Cul3-Ring ligase complex. It is a member of the Kelch ß-propeller domain subclass of Cullin-Ring substrate recognition domains. This E3 ubiquitin ligase complex has many activities, including acting as a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway by mediating ubiquitination and subsequent proteolysis of Dvl3/Dsh3. KLHL-12 is also known to mediate the polyubiquitination of the dopamine D4 receptor (D4.2), the ubiquitination of KHSRP, a protein that is involved in IRES translation, and also the ubiquitination of Sec31, which is involved in endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi transport by regulating the size of COPII coats. Earlier studies broadly defined the substrate binding regions for D4.2 and Dvl3/Dsh3 to KLHL-12. We tested several peptides from these regions and succeeded in identifying a short peptide that bound to KLHL-12 with low micromolar affinity. To better understand the sequence specificity of this peptide, we used alanine substitutions to map the important residues and obtained an X-ray structure of this peptide bound to KLHL-12. This structure and our peptide affinity measurements suggest a sequence motif for peptides that bind to the top face of KLHL-12. Understanding this binding site on KLHL-12 may contribute to efforts to find small molecule ligands that can either directly inhibit the degradation of substrate proteins or be used in targeted protein degradation strategies using PROTACs.

J Med Chem ; 63(2): 656-675, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858797


WD repeat domain 5 (WDR5) is a member of the WD40-repeat protein family that plays a critical role in multiple chromatin-centric processes. Overexpression of WDR5 correlates with a poor clinical outcome in many human cancers, and WDR5 itself has emerged as an attractive target for therapy. Most drug-discovery efforts center on the WIN site of WDR5 that is responsible for the recruitment of WDR5 to chromatin. Here, we describe discovery of a novel WDR5 WIN site antagonists containing a dihydroisoquinolinone bicyclic core using a structure-based design. These compounds exhibit picomolar binding affinity and selective concentration-dependent antiproliferative activities in sensitive MLL-fusion cell lines. Furthermore, these WDR5 WIN site binders inhibit proliferation in MYC-driven cancer cells and reduce MYC recruitment to chromatin at MYC/WDR5 co-bound genes. Thus, these molecules are useful probes to study the implication of WDR5 inhibition in cancers and serve as a potential starting point toward the discovery of anti-WDR5 therapeutics.

J Chromatogr A ; 1129(1): 41-6, 2006 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16837004


The effect of deuterated solvents in size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) was studied by comparing intrinsic viscosity measurements, SEC calibration curves, and column efficiency using water-soluble polymers. For aqueous SEC, the use of deuterium oxide slightly increases the SEC elution volume. To verify that adsorption onto the packing was absent, data from exclusion experiments were compared at 35 and 50 degrees C. Our results indicate that adsorption is not occurring for pullulan or polyethylene glycol (PEG)/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO); for the latter, however, the elution volume increased using both D2O and H2O, indicative of slight hydrodynamic volume contraction of PEG/PEO at higher temperatures. A moderate increase in band broadening (moderate decrease in column efficiency) was observed using D2O. Finally, the effects of chloroform versus deuterated chloroform were evaluated, but no hydrodynamic volume changes were observed.

Cromatografia em Gel/métodos , Óxido de Deutério/química , Adsorção , Cromatografia em Gel/instrumentação , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Solventes/química