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1.
Rev. esp. patol ; 52(2): 76-80, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182692

RESUMO

Introducción: La tuberculosis constituye un problema importante de salud a nivel mundial y más aún, la detección temprana y el tratamiento adecuado de la misma en países subdesarrollados. Los estudios post mortem (EPM) han permitido el diagnóstico de tuberculosis, aún en casos sin diagnóstico clínico de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Conocer el número de casos con diagnóstico de tuberculosis en EPM, durante un período de 10 años, en el Hospital General San Juan de Dios (HGSJDD) de Guatemala. Material y métodos: Se revisaron los informes finales de EPM del HGSJDD de Guatemala, de abril del 2006 a marzo del 2016. Se identificaron los casos con diagnóstico de tuberculosis y se revisaron cortes histológicos y tinciones especiales de los mismos. Resultados: En los 10 años revisados, se realizaron 859 EPM, en 21 casos se diagnosticó tuberculosis, 18 en adultos y 3 en niños. La mayoría correspondió a tuberculosis pulmonar (80,95%). En ninguno de los casos se había realizado el diagnóstico clínico de tuberculosis y solo en 5 se tuvo sospecha clínica de la enfermedad, pero ninguno fue investigado. Ningún paciente tenía documentado VIH/sida. Conclusión: El EPM sigue siendo de importancia en el estudio de las enfermedades. En el presente estudio se encontró el diagnóstico de 21 casos de tuberculosis, que no se habían diagnosticado en las evaluaciones clínicas


Introduction: Tuberculosis is a very important health problem worldwide. Early detection and adequate treatment of this disease is also a problem in low income countries. Post mortem examination has enabled tuberculosis to be diagnosed, even in cases without a clinical diagnosis of the disease. Objective: To determine the number of tuberculosis cases diagnosed on autopsy during a period of 10 years, at the San Juan de Dios General Hospital, Guatemala (SJDGH). Material and methods: The final autopsy reports at the between April 2006 and March 2016 were reviewed. H&E and special stains in cases with a diagnosis of tuberculosis were revised for confirmation. Results: During the 10 years reviewed, 859 autopsies had been carried out, 21 of which had the diagnosis of tuberculosis; 18 were adults and 3 were children and the majority (80.95%) were cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, in only 5 cases had there been a clinical suspicion, but without further investigation and none had a confirmed clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis. No patients had documented HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Autopsy continues to be important in the study of disease. In this retrospective study, 21 cases of tuberculosis in 21 cases were found in patients with no clinical diagnosis of the disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Autopsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Guatemala/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências
2.
Rev Esp Patol ; 52(2): 76-80, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30902381

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a very important health problem worldwide. Early detection and adequate treatment of this disease is also a problem in low income countries. Post mortem examination has enabled tuberculosis to be diagnosed, even in cases without a clinical diagnosis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of tuberculosis cases diagnosed on autopsy during a period of 10 years, at the San Juan de Dios General Hospital, Guatemala (SJDGH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The final autopsy reports at the between April 2006 and March 2016 were reviewed. H&E and special stains in cases with a diagnosis of tuberculosis were revised for confirmation. RESULTS: During the 10 years reviewed, 859 autopsies had been carried out, 21 of which had the diagnosis of tuberculosis; 18 were adults and 3 were children and the majority (80.95%) were cases of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, in only 5 cases had there been a clinical suspicion, but without further investigation and none had a confirmed clinical diagnosis of tuberculosis. No patients had documented HIV/AIDS. CONCLUSION: Autopsy continues to be important in the study of disease. In this retrospective study, 21 cases of tuberculosis in 21 cases were found in patients with no clinical diagnosis of the disease.

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