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1.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 28, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: By the end of October 2019, there were 958 thousand people were reported living with HIV/AIDS in China. Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using illicit drugs and no physical activity have been found to mitigate the positive impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on viral load and HIV-related quality of life. Moreover, risky sexual behavior among HIV-positive persons places their partners at risk for HIV transmission and other sexually transmitted infections. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of unhealthy behavior of people living with HIV/AIDS and related influencing factors, particularly those that are closely connected with HIV infection and ART effects. METHODS: An institutional based cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Beijing and Yunnan Province. The following information was included in the questionnaire survey: social-demographic characteristics, health behavior information, sexual risk behaviors. Binary logistic regression model was conducted to analyze the influencing factors of unhealthy general health behaviors and risky sexual behaviors. RESULTS: In total, 2575 PLWHA were included in the study and 78.3% (2017/2575) were male. For the general health behaviors, 34.2% (987/2544) smoke; 33.8% (870/2575) drank alcohol and 2.3% (49/2134) reported the use of illicit drugs in the previous 6 months. From the sexual behaviors perspective, 59.0% (1519/2575) had sex in the previous 6 months. Among people who had sex, 92.0% (1398/1519) had fixed sexual partners. Among those with no fixed sexual partner, 38.0% (46/121) had more than three partners. Among men who had sex, 34.7% (448/1292) reported having sex with men in the previous 6 months and 16.7% (75/448) of these had group sexual activity. Among participants, 72.2% (1053/1458) used condoms every time they had sex while 6.4% (94/1458) of people never used condom. Male people living with HIV/AIDS were more likely to have sexual risk behaviors (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 2.208, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.147-4.252) and unhealthy general health behaviors (adjusted OR = 2.029, 95% CI: 1.480-2.783). The odds of higher risk sexual behaviors was 1.546 times (95% CI: 1.302-1.827, P = 0.001) greater among participants who drank alcohol compared with their non-drinking counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: PLWHA is a group that is vulnerable to problematic health behaviors, especially for men who were more likely to drink alcohol, have more sexual partners, more sexual risk behaviors including group sexual activity, not using condoms and using drugs. Therefore, interventions focusing on gender-specific risk behaviors reduction for people living with HIV/AIDS are now necessary to control the spread of HIV infection and improve the efficacy of antiviral treatment.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Comportamento Sexual , Adolescente , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Risco , Assunção de Riscos , Parceiros Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
2.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23292, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32157748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CircRNA plays an important role in the development of tumors, but its mechanism of action in ovarian cancer is still unclear. METHODS: The expression level of hsa_circ_0013958 in 45 pairs of ovarian cancer tissues and cells was quantified by qRT-PCR, further revealing whether it is related to clinicopathological features and diagnostic value. Next, the effects of hsa_circ_0013958 on the proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of A2780 and OVCAR-3 cells were detected by CCK-8 assay, Transwell assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. Last, the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins (E-cadherin and Vimentin) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2 and Bax) were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: Hsa_circ_0013958 was highly expressed in ovarian cancer tissues and cells, and its expression was closely related to patient FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis. Further, in vitro studies showed that knockdown of hsa_circ_0013958 suppressed proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer cells but elevated the cell apoptotic rate. The expression levels of both epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins and apoptosis-related proteins were also changed. CONCLUSIONS: Hsa_circ_0013958 may contribute to the development of ovarian cancer by affecting epithelial-mesenchymal transition and apoptotic signaling pathways.

3.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22489, 2020 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202043

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the primary cause of blindness and visual impairment in diabetes patients worldwide. However, laser and surgical therapies at DR have short-term effectiveness and cause side effects. Treatment with natural products is a reasonable alternative treatment for DR. The main objective of this investigation is to explore the efficacy of a bioactive compound such as palbinone (PB) in DR. Experimental rats were injected intraperitoneally with streptozotocin (STZ, 65 mg/kg), and these established experimental rats were treated with PB (20 mg/kg/bw) for 42 days. The observed results showed that PB considerably reduced the proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin-18 [IL-18] and IL-1ß) production as well as improved the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase) particularly in the retinal region of STZ-induced DR rats. In addition, PB treatment improved nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) accumulation and enhanced the heme oxygenase-1 expression, and major antioxidants downregulated Nrf2 in the damaged retina. Also, the expression levels of nod-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), cleaved-caspase-1, IL-1ß, and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD in the retinal region were notably upregulated in STZ-induced DR, which was eliminated by PB interference. PB administration exerted efficient antioxidant activities, Nrf2 pathway activation, and inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome. This current investigation concluded that PB considerably reduced the retinal inflammation and oxidative stress stimulated via high glucose, and also activated the antioxidative Nrf2 pathway and inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome formation in rats.

4.
Phytochemistry ; 174: 112334, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172019

RESUMO

Green leaf volatiles (GLVs) and jasmonates (JAs) are the best-characterized groups of fatty acid-derived oxylipin signals that regulate wound-associated defenses. Beyond these two major groups of defense signals, plants produce an array of oxylipins in response to wounding, which possess potent signaling and/or insecticidal activities. In this study, we assessed the relative contribution of JAs and GLVs to wound-induced systemic signaling and the associated regulation of oxylipins in local and systemic tissues of maize (Zea mays). For this, we utilized GLV- and JA-deficient mutants, lox10 single and opr7opr8 double mutants, respectively, and profiled oxylipins in untreated leaves and roots, and in locally wounded and systemic leaves. In contrast to the studies in dicots, no systemic induction of JAs was observed in maize. Instead, a JA precursor, 12-OPDA, as well as ketols and C12/13 oxo-acids derived from 13-lipoxygenases (LOXs), were preferentially induced in both locally wounded and systemic unwounded leaves. Several 9-LOX-derived oxylipins (9-oxylipins) including hydroxides and ketones were also significantly induced locally. JA and JA-isoleucine (JA-Ile) were rapidly induced within 0.5 h, and were followed by a second increase in local tissue 4 h after wounding. GLV-deficient lox10 mutants displayed reduced levels of most 13-oxylipins, and elevated levels of several 9-oxylipins and the a-dioxygenase (DOX) product, 2-HOD. lox10 mutants were completely devoid of C6 volatiles and their C12 counterparts, and greatly decreased in C5 volatiles and their C13 oxo-acid counterparts. Thus, in addition to being the sole LOX isoform providing substrate for GLV synthesis, LOX10 is a major 13-LOX that provides substrate to several LOX branches that produce an array of 13-oxylipin products, including C5 volatiles. Interestingly, the rapid JA and JA-Ile increase at 0.5-2 h post-wounding was only moderately affected by the LOX10 mutation, while significantly reduced levels were observed at 4 h post-wounding. Combined with the previous findings that GLVs activate JA biosynthesis, these results suggest that both LOX10-derived substrates and/or GLVs are involved in the large second phase of JA synthesis proximal to the wound. Analyses of opr7opr8 mutants revealed that wound-induced oxylipin responses were positively regulated by JA signaling. The local and systemic accumulation of SA was not altered in the two mutants. Collectively, our results identified a subset of oxylipins strongly induced in wounded and systemic leaves, but their impact on insect defenses remain elusive. The lack of systemic induction of JAs points to substantial difference between systemic wound responses in studied dicots and maize. Our results show that GLV-deficiency and reduced JA in lox10 mutants had a greater impact on wound-induced local and systemic tissue oxylipin responses compared to the solely JA-deficient opr7opr8 double mutants. This suggests that GLVs or other LOX10-derived products heavily contribute to overall basal and wound-induced oxylipin responses. The specific roles of the GLV- and/or JA-dependent oxylipins in wound responses and defense remain to be further investigated by a combination of multiple orders of oxylipin-deficient mutants.

5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(1): 17-23, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389260

RESUMO

Two new isobenzofuranone derivatives, polyphthaliside A (1) and polyphthaliside B (2), and a new isocoumarin derivative, polyisocoumarin (3), were isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum. Their structures were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. The cytotoxicity activity and PTP1B inhibitory activity of compounds 1-3 were estimated and none of them exhibited activities at a concentration of 10 µM.


Assuntos
Fallopia japonica , Polygonum , Glicosídeos , Isocumarinas , Estrutura Molecular , Fenóis
6.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(1): 24-29, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368354

RESUMO

Two new naturally occurring products named salviamine G (1) and 4-methyl-9-(ethoxycarbonyl)-8-naphthoic acid (2) were isolated from the rhizomes of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic data (UV, IR, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR). Compounds 1 and 2 were screened for their inhibitory activity against HSV-1 and influenza A (H3N2) using acyclovir (ACV, IC50 = 0.67 µM) and oseltamivir (IC50 = 2.01 µM) as a positive control. Compound 1 exhibited moderate inhibitory activity against HSV-1 and influenza A (H3N2) with IC50 values of 11.11 and 8.62 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Salvia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2 , Estrutura Molecular , Rizoma
7.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(3): 201-216, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497993

RESUMO

As the continuous scientific research, seven new 1-oxygenated cholestane glycosides named osaundersiosides 1 A - 1 G were isolated from an EtOH extract of the bulbs of Ornithogalum saundersiae. Their structures were deduced by means of spectroscopic data, chemical evidence and the results of hydrolytic cleavage. The cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory effects of osaundersiosides 1 A - 1 G were evaluated, but none of them displayed significant activities. [Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos , Colestanos , Ornithogalum , Glicosídeos , Estrutura Molecular
8.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(1): 265-273, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746377

RESUMO

The opacity of the lens capsule after cataract surgery is caused by epithelial­to­mesenchymal transition (EMT) of lens epithelial cells. Snail family transcriptional repressor 1 (SNAI1) is a transcriptional repressor that recruits multiple chromatin enzymes including lysine­specific histone demethylase 1A, histone deacetylase (HDAC) 1/2, polycomb repressive complex 2, euchromatic histone lysine methyltransferase 2 and suppressor of variegation 3­9 homolog 1 to the E­cadherin promoter, thereby suppressing E­cadherin expression. However, the functional relationship between SNAI1 and HDAC in the induction of EMT in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs) is still unclear. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to explore the possible functional relationship between SNAI1 and HDAC1 in the induction of EMT in HLECs. In the present study, SNAI1 was found to be increased in HLECs during transforming growth factor­ß2 (TGF­ß2)­induced EMT. Knockdown of SNAI1 by siRNA reversed TGF­ß2­induced downregulation of E­cadherin and upregulation of α­Smooth Muscle Actin. Furthermore, SNAI1 was found to be associated with HDAC1 in the E­cadherin promoter in TGF­ß2­treated HLECs. Inhibition of HDAC by trichostatin A and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid could prevent TGF­ß2­induced EMT in HLECs. Collectively, SNAI1 interacted with HDAC1 to repress E­cadherin in the TGF­ß2­induced EMT in HLECs, suggesting that HDAC inhibitors may have potential therapeutic value for the prevention of EMT in HLECs.

9.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol ; 47(2): 313-321, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608496

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the diabetic complications associated with hyperglycaemia-mediated oxidative stress. Activin receptor-like kinase 7 (ALK7) has been proven to be a potential therapeutic approach for diabetic cardiomyopathy, which is another diabetic complication. However, the role of ALK7 in DR remains unclear. In the current study, ALK7 was found to be up-regulated in clinical samples from DR patients and high glucose (HG)-induced human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19). In vitro studies demonstrated that knockdown of ALK7 in ARPE-19 cells through transfection with siRNA-ALK7 (si-ALK7) improved cell viability in HG-induced ARPE-19 cells. Knockdown of ALK7 suppressed HG-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, as well elevating the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione (GSH) in ARPE-19 cells. The number of apoptotic cells was significantly decreased after transfection with si-ALK7. ALK7 knockdown also caused a significant decrease in bax expression and an increase in bcl-2 expression in HG-induced ARPE-19 cells. In addition, ALK7 knockdown resulted in remarkable increase in the expressions of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in ARPE-19 cells in response to HG induction. Taken together, knockdown of ALK7 protected ARPE-19 cells from HG-induced oxidative injury, which might be mediated by the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signalling pathway.

10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 382, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplantation technology as a promising option for male fertility preservation has received increasing attention, along with efficient SSC purification technology as a necessary technical support; however, the safety of such application in patients with tumors remains controversial. METHODS: In this study, we used a green fluorescent protein mouse xenograft model of B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. We isolated and purified SSCs from the testicular tissue of model mice using density gradient centrifugation, immune cell magnetic bead separation, and flow cytometry. The purified SSCs were transplanted into convoluted seminiferous tubules of the nude mice and C57BL/6 male mice subjected to busulfan. The development and proliferation of SSCs in the recipient testis were periodically tested, along with whether B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia was induced following SSC implantation. The genetic characteristics of the offspring obtained from natural mating were also observed. RESULTS: In testicular leukemia model mice, a large number of BALL cells infiltrated into the seminiferous tubule, spermatogenic cells, and sperm cells in the testis tissue decreased. After spermatogonial stem cell transplantation, the transplanted SSCs purified by immunomagnetic beads and flow cytometry methods colonized and proliferated extensively in the basement of the seminiferous tubules of mice; a large number of spermatogenic cells and sperm were found in recipient testicular tissue after 12 weeks of SSC transplantation. In leukemia detection in nude mice after transplantation in the three SSC purification groups, a large number of BALL cells could be detected in the blood of recipient mice 2-3 weeks after transplantation in the density gradient centrifugation group, but not in the blood of the flow cytometry sorting group and the immunomagnetic bead group after 16 weeks of observation. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we confirmed that immunomagnetic beads and flow cytometry methods of purifying SSCs from the testicular tissue of the testicular leukemia mouse model could be safely applied to the SSC transplantation technology without concomitant tumor implantation. The results thus provide a theoretical basis for the application of tumor SSC cryopreservation for fertility preservation in patients with tumors.

11.
Opt Express ; 27(26): 38229-38235, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878593

RESUMO

An LED chip containing monolithically integrated red, green, and blue channels was fabricated and characterized. Using local strain engineering in gallium nitride p-i-n nanopillar structures, each color channel emits a distinct color with emission wavelength determined entirely by the diameter of the nanopillar. The crosstalk between color channels is negligible. As a result, individually addressable color channels can be integrated on the same substrate which will be suitable for color-tunable lighting applications. Optical and electrical properties were measured and discussed. Fabrication challenges which degraded power efficiency of the shorter-wavelength channel were analyzed. Potential strategies for improvements were proposed.

12.
Life Sci ; 239: 116774, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689438

RESUMO

AIMS: Stroke is a refractory cerebral blood circulation disorder. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in the repair and regeneration of vascular injury through the combination of cell replacement and bystander effects. Here, we evaluated the biological function of EPCs in treating a mouse model of cerebral ischaemic stroke, using dual-mode bioluminescence and magnetic resonance imaging to trace EPCs in vivo. MAIN METHODS: We constructed a viral vector with a luciferase-enhanced green fluorescent protein (Luc-eGFP) reporter gene for bioluminescence imaging (BLI) detection, and simultaneously synthesized the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, nano-sized superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO), to co-label human umbilical cord blood-derived EPCs (hEPCs). The labelled hEPCs were transplanted into mice with stroke, and the biological behaviours of the cells in-vivo were studied using BLI and MRI, and methods of molecular biology and histology. KEY FINDINGS: Comparing the two cell transplantation routes by BLI confirmed that many cells transplanted via the left ventricular route homed to ischaemic brain tissue. The dual-modality-imaging showed the prognosis of in-vivo tracking cells after transplantation in ischaemic tissues at different time points. Histological staining and neurological function scores confirmed that EPC transplantation can improve the symptoms of nerve deficit in the mouse stroke model. Histological staining revealed that cell transplantation can lead to recovery of neurological function after stroke, via various processes. These include reduced blood brain barrier permeability, recovery of white matter and of myelin, and the enhancement of neuroneogenesis. SIGNIFICANCE: Dual-modality imaging revealed EPCs as potential candidates for the treatment of ischaemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/fisiologia , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Humanos , Isquemia/metabolismo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo
13.
Org Lett ; 21(23): 9463-9467, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746610

RESUMO

Morusalones A-D (1-4), a new class of Diels-Alder adducts featuring unprecedented 6/7/6/6/6/6 hexacyclic core skeletons with a unique bridged cycloheptenone ring, were isolated from Morus alba cell cultures. The biosyntheses for 1-4 were proposed through an unusual Diels-Alder cycloaddition with quinostilbenes as dienophiles and prenyl 2-phenylbenzofuran as a diene to yield the typical methylhexene unit and a rare intramolecular nucleophilic addition to form the cycloheptenone ring. Compounds 1-4 exhibited protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitory activity.

14.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 12(10): 1575-1581, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637193

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the early outcomes of vision, objective visual quality and their correlation after cataract surgery with trifocal intraocular lens implantation. METHODS: The visual examination and objective visual quality analysis using Optical Quality Analysis System (OQAS) at 1mo and 3mo, and defocus curve examination at 3mo were performed in 20 patients (27 eyes) after phacoemulsification combined with trifocal intraocular lens implantation surgery. RESULTS: The uncorrected distant (UD), intermediate and near visual acuity (VA) were significantly improved after surgery (P<0.001). UDVA at 1mo after the surgery was slightly better than that after 3mo (P=0.026). The defocus curve after 3mo indicated that the peak of distant vision was close to 0 logMAR, and UDVA was lower than 0.3 logMAR in the range of -1.5 D to -3.0 D. The modulation transfer function (MTF) cutoff frequency, strehl ratio (SR), Optical Quality Analysis System values (OVs), includes OV100, OV20 and OV9 after the surgery were significantly better than before surgery (P<0.001), but the objective scattering index (OSI) was significantly decreased (P<0.001). UDVA at 3mo after the surgery had correlations with MTF cutoff, OSI, OV100 and OV20 (r=-0.400, 0.431, -0.437, -0.411, P=0.039, 0.025, 0.023, 0.033). The uncorrected intermediate VA after 3mo of the surgery had correlations with OSI and OV100 (r=0.478, -0.411, P=0.012, 0.033). CONCLUSION: Trifocal intraocular lens implantation can provide good distant, intermediate and near VA, and the vision shows a well correlation with objective visual quality during early surgery.

15.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 18(6): 511-516, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a special group of long-chain and non-coding RNAs characterized by a closed-loop structure without 3' and 5' polarity. In recent years, studies have demonstrated that circRNAs act as microRNA (miRNA) sponges to regulate the function of miRNAs. Increasing evidence indicates that circRNAs and targeted miRNAs are involved in the development, progression and metastasis of various cancers and drug resistance. A number of miRNAs are known to be associated with the pathogenesis, development and treatment of pancreatic cancer by regulating the autophagic activity. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was executed in PubMed and EMBASE using the medical subject headings (MeSH) terms "Pancreatic Neoplasms", "autophagy", "RNA, circular" and "microRNA". We also used text terms such as "diagnosis", "prognosis" and "biomarker" to supplement the results. RESULTS: Autophagy-related miRNAs is closely related to pancreatic cancer. On basis of the retrieval results, we summarized the synthesis, features and functions of circRNAs and analyzed the association between autophagy-related miRNAs and pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSIONS: circRNAs act as the miRNA sponges and there is an association between miRNAs and autophagy, which provides a new concept to broaden the knowledge about the mechanisms underlying the development, progression and metastasis of pancreatic cancer. Additionally, clinical value of circRNAs and autophagy-related miRNAs in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer would be further verified with in-depth researches.

16.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 11: 264, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611782

RESUMO

Background: Proprioception is a prerequisite for successful motor control but declines throughout the lifespan. Brain stimulation techniques such as anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) are capable of enhancing sensorimotor performance across different tasks and age groups. Despite such growing evidence for a restorative potential of tDCS, its impact on proprioceptive accuracy has not been studied in detail yet. Objective: This study investigated online effects of a-tDCS over S1 on proprioceptive accuracy in young (YA) and old healthy adults (OA). Methods: The effect of 15 min of a-tDCS vs. sham on proprioceptive accuracy was assessed in a cross-over, double blind experiment in both age groups. Performance changes were tested using an arm position matching task in a robotic environment. Electrical field (EF) strengths in the target area S1 and control areas were assessed based on individualized simulations. Results: a-tDCS elicited differential changes in proprioceptive accuracy and EF strengths in the two groups: while YA showed a slight improvement, OA exhibited a decrease in performance during a-tDCS. Stronger EF were induced in target S1 and control areas in the YA group. However, no relationship between EF strength and performance change was found. Conclusion: a-tDCS over S1 elicits opposing effects on proprioceptive accuracy as a function of age, a result that is important for future studies investigating the restorative potential of a-tDCS in healthy aging and in the rehabilitation of neurological diseases that occur at advanced age. Modeling approaches could help elucidate the relationship between tDCS protocols, brain structure and performance modulation.

17.
J Comput Biol ; 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573330

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify possible therapeutic targets involved in sleep deprivation (SD) risks. GSE77393 data set was acquired from Gene Expression Omnibus database. Functional analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis were used to extract the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between two SD samples and control samples. Moreover, submodule network with the same function was further extracted and the functional enrichment analysis of corresponding genes was carried out. Afterward, the transcriptional regulation analysis and drug-gene interaction were also carried out to identify the essential genes associated with SD susceptibility. Totally, 121 DEGs, including 90 consistently upregulated DEGs and 31 downregulated DEGs, were screened and the results of functional analysis indicated that upregulated genes were related to learning or memory and response to drug, whereas downregulated DEGs were mainly responsible for response to UV and cell differentiation. Moreover, PPI network and submodule analysis revealed that many key genes (FOS and BDNF) were hub genes and the KEGG enrichment analysis found that these genes such as FOS and BDNF were considerably enriched in pathways such as MAPK signaling pathway, HTLV-I infection, and Hepatitis B. In addition, two genes (FOS and BDNF) with a higher degree were found to be key regulators and play important roles in the transcriptional regulator network and drug-gene interactions, suggesting that these two genes were associated with SD development. FOS and BDNF might be served as the potential targets for SD treatment.

18.
Dev Growth Differ ; 61(7-8): 410-418, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608440

RESUMO

Macular fibrosis is a vital obstacle of vision acuity improvement of age-related macular degeneration patients. This study was to investigate the effects of interleukin 2 (IL-2) on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis and transforming growth factor ß2 (TGF-ß2) expression in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. 10 µg/L IL-2 was used to induce fibrosis in RPE cells for various times. Western blot was used to detect the EMT marker α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), ECM markers fibronectin (Fn) and type 1 collagen (COL-1), TGF-ß2, and the activation of the JAK/STAT3 and NF-κB signaling pathway. Furthermore, JAK/STAT3 and NF-κB signaling pathways were specifically blocked by WP1066 or BAY11-7082, respectively, and the expression of α-SMA, COL-1, Fn and TGF-ß2 protein were detected. Wound healing and Transwell assays were used to measure cell migration ability of IL-2 with or without WP1066 or BAY11-7082. After induction of IL-2, the expressions of Fn, COL-1, TGF-ß2 protein were significantly increased, and this effect was correlated with IL-2 treatment duration, while α-SMA protein expression did not change significantly. Both WP1066 and BAY11-7082 could effectively downregulate the expression of Fn, COL-1 and TGF-ß2 induced by IL-2. What's more, both NF-κB and JAK/STAT3 inhibitors could suppress the activation of the other signaling pathway. Additionally, JAK/STAT3 inhibitor WP1066 and NF-κB inhibitor BAY 11-7082 could obviously decrease RPE cells migration capability induced by IL-2. IL-2 promotes cell migration, ECM synthesis and TGF-ß2 expression in RPE cells via JAK/STAT3 and NF-κB signaling pathways, which may play an important role in proliferative vitreoretinopathy.

19.
Data Brief ; 26: 104391, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508468

RESUMO

Herein, the spectral data, including nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and mass spectral data, and gas chromatography data of eight cholestane glycosides from Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker (Asparagaceae) bulbs are described. The data are linked with the article entitled "Structure and bioactivity of cholestane glycosides from the bulbs of Ornithogalum saundersiae Baker" (Chen et al., 2019).

20.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538492

RESUMO

Two new lignans, wikstronoside B (1) and forsysesquinorlignan (2), were isolated from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa, along with two known sesquineolignans, hedyotol A and hedyotol C (3 and 4). The structures of new compounds were established via extensive spectroscopy techniques, including UV, IR, HRESIMS, NMR, and ECD. Compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Their anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated via a detection model with LPS-induced murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells, and compound 3 showed a moderate activity.

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