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1.
Child Abuse Negl ; 106: 104516, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32402817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasingly, studies have focused on understanding positive outcomes in children who have been maltreated and the factors that contribute to resilience. However, there is no universally accepted definition of resilience, thus hindering the ability to make comparisons across studies and to use such information to inform interventions to foster resilience. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to address this gap by examining definitions of resilience in practitioners who work directly with maltreated children. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 27 participants were recruited through two agencies that serve victims of child maltreatment in an urban Midwestern city. METHODS: Through a series of 27 qualitative interviews, the current study examined the following research question: "How is resilience defined and understood by practitioners working with children who have experienced child maltreatment?" Thematic coding and analysis were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Findings suggest five unique themes described by practitioners as their definition of resilience: (a) surviving; (b) thriving; (c) perseverance; (d) reconciling and integrating traumatic experiences into healthy identity development; and (e) advocating for self. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the spectral and nuanced nature of resilience among maltreated children. Implications for theory, research and practice are discussed.

2.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(4): 337-47, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of combined fixation and interbody bone grafting through intermuscular approach with different fusion cages in the treatment of single segment lumbar diseases. METHODS: From June 2014 to December 2016, the clinical data of 123 cases of single segment lumbar diseases were analyzed retrospectively, including 44 males and 79 females, aged 22 to 60 years old, with the diseases course of 6 to 84 months. The disease types involved lumbar disc degeneration in 65 cases, lumbar spinal stenosis in 30 cases, MeyerdingⅠslip in 21 cases, giant lumbar disc herniation in 7 cases. Lesions was L3, 4 in 5 cases, L4, 5 in 101 cases, L5S1 in 17 cases. According to the application of different interbody fusion cage, patients were divided into single common cage group, double common cage group and banana type cage group. The operation time, intraoperative hemorrhage, postoperative incision drainage fluid and incision length were observed in three groups; VAS score of lumbar incision and JOA score of preoperative and final follow up were recorded 72 hours after operation;the intervertebral space height, Cobb angle of lumbar coronal and sagittal plane before and after operation, and interbody fusion 12 months after operation were observed by imaging data. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative drainage volume and VAS score of lumbar incision 72 hours after operation among three groups (P>0.05). All cases were followed up for 12 to 36 (23.70±4.52) months. The height of intervertebral space in three groups recovered significantly (P<0.05), at the last follow-up, there were different degrees of loss, the loss degree of single common fusion cage group>banana type fusion cage group>double common fusion cage group. At the last follow-up, the Cobb angle in the coronaland sagittal planes of the three groups were significantly improved (P<0.05). During the follow-up, there were 42 cases of fusion cage subsidence, including 26 cases in the single common cage group, 5 cases in the double common cage group, 11 cases in the banana cage group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). At 12 months after operation, the interbody fusion rate was 83% in the single common cage group, 95% in the double common cage group and 90% in the banana cage group, the interbody fusion rate in the two common cage group and the banana cage group was better than that in the single common cage group. No obvious degeneration was observed in the adjacent segments. At the last follow-up, the JOA scores of the three groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The incidence of single common fusion cage group was 10%(4 / 42), that of double common fusion cage group was 9%(4 / 43), and that of banana fusion cage group was 10%(4 / 39). There was no significant difference among the three groups. CONCLUSION: Through the intermuscular approach, single pedicle screw and contralateral facet screw were used for fixation, and single common fusion cage, double common fusion cage or banana type fusion cage were used for interbody grafting to treat single segment lumbar disease. Although the application of different fusion cage could not increase the axial strength of fixed segment, the speed of fusion was accelerated by increasing the contact area, and the quality of the fusion cage reduces the settlement of the cage and the loss of the height of the intervertebral space. Therefore, two interbody fusion cages implanted in one side are of positive clinical significance for the fixation of unilateral pedicle screw combined with contralateral facet screw, without prolonging the operation time and increasing the complications.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 396: 122735, 2020 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339878

RESUMO

The development of new heterogeneous catalysts with stable catalytic activity in a wide pH range to prevent polluting precipitation plays a vital role in large-scale wastewater treatment. Here, a facile anion exchange strategy was designed to fabricate hollow Cu9S5 nanospheres by using Cu2O nanospheres as hard-templates. The structural and compositional transformation from Cu2O nanospheres to hollow Cu9S5 nanospheres were investigated via X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The Fenton-like degradation of organic dyes was used to evaluate the catalytic performance of the obtained Cu-containing catalysts. Results reveal that the hollow Cu9S5 nanospheres have the best catalytic activity among five kinds of Cu-containing catalysts. Hollow Cu9S5 nanospheres can effectively accelerate the decomposition of H2O2 into hydroxyl radicals and superoxide radical, which have been proven to be mainly oxidative species in the Fenton-like degradation of organic pollutants. Hollow Cu9S5 nanospheres have a wide pH application range of 5.0-9.0, and their extremely stable activity can be maintained in at least 15 catalytic cycles with a Cu2+ ion leaching rate of less than 1.0 %. The outstanding catalytic performance of the Cu9S5 catalyst is expected to enhance the practical applications of copper sulfide catalysts in Fenton-like wastewater treatment.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(11): 3585-3593, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096634

RESUMO

Glutenin macropolymer (GMP) plays a pivotal role in improving dough quality. In this study, a novel Lactobacillus plantarum LB-1 (LB-1) on the fermentation characteristics of dough were investigated from the perspective of GMP. The results showed that the ordered secondary structure (α-helices and ß-sheets) content of GMP in dough synergistically fermented by yeast and LB-1 (DYLB-1) was 20.5% more than that in dough fermented by yeast (DY), and the average particle size was 2.46 µm smaller. Moreover, the higher level of total free amino acids and lower free sulfhydryl group (SHf) content in the DYLB-1 indicated that the network structure strength was enhanced. Furthermore, the protein and starch in the DYLB-1 were uniformly and closely connected, which endows the DYLB-1 with excellent rheological and gas production properties. Therefore, the method used to produce the DYLB-1 was recommended as a new strategy for producing high-quality dough.

5.
Fam Community Health ; 43(2): 170-181, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32079973

RESUMO

Previous studies have indicated that neighborhood disorganization affects child-rearing beliefs in the United States, but few studies have focused on such influences among Asian American parents. Largely due to Asian American parents' immigration experiences, neighborhood disorganization factors inevitably intersect with their traditional cultures, which may lead to different patterns in their parental beliefs. Using structural equation modeling, this study found that neighborhood disorganization factors directly influenced Asian American parents' beliefs toward physical punishment and parenting stress mediated this relationship. These findings suggest that the integration of family and neighborhood-level practices in social services may reduce the risk of physical abuse.

6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(7): 3136-3146, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32096232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fungal contamination in food products leads to mustiness, biochemical changes, and undesirable odors, which result in lower food quality and lower market value. To develop a rapid method for detecting fungi, hyperspectral imaging (HSI) was applied to identify five fungi inoculated on plates (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Aspergillus ochraceus). Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy, and an electronic nose (E-nose) were applied to detect and identify freeze-dried Agaricus bisporus infected with the five fungi. RESULTS: Partial least squares regression (PLSR) models were used to distinguish the HSI spectra of the five fungi on the plates. The A. ochraceus group had the highest calibration performance: coefficient of calibration (Rc 2 ) = 0.786, root mean-square error of calibration (RMSEC) = 0.125 log CFU g-1 . The A. flavus group had the highest prediction performance: coefficient of prediction (Rp 2 ) = 0.821, root mean-square error of prediction (RMSEP) = 0.083 log CFU g-1 . The ratio of performance deviation (RPD) values of all of the models was higher than 2.0 for the NIR, MIR, and E-nose results for freeze-dried A. bisporus infected with different fungi. The fungal species and degree of infection can be distinguished by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) using NIR, MIR, and E-nose, as the discrimination accuracy was more than 90%. The NIR methods had a higher recognition rate than the MIR and E-nose methods. CONCLUSION: Principal component analysis (PCA) and PLSR models based on full spectra of HSI can achieve good discrimination results for these five fungi on plates. Moreover, NIR, MIR, and the E-nose were proven to be effective in monitoring fungal contamination on freeze-dried A. bisporus. However, NIR could be a more accurate method. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

7.
J Food Sci ; 85(2): 493-499, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985835

RESUMO

The concentrations of heavy metals, such as chromium (Cr), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb), in different muscles and edible offal of consumed pork from the city of Nanjing and related health risks were evaluated. The results showed that the detected Hg concentrations from 6 of 80 samples exceeded the maximum allowable concentration (GB 2762-2017). Moreover, most of the edible offal, especially the kidneys, contained more heavy metals than the other parts, although the concentrations among the samples were significantly different (P < 0.05). In addition, the health risk evaluation revealed that the estimated daily intake of all the samples was far below the recommended limit, and all the target hazard quotients and total target hazard quotients were less than 1, which is considered safe for human health. Nevertheless, the Hg concentrations over the acceptable limit should receive sufficient attention, considering the long-term consumption of pork. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Currently, no reports have been available on the heavy metal assessment of pork, though pork is widely consumed in many non-Muslim communities. In this study, the concentrations of heavy metals in different muscles and edible offal of consumed pork were determined and their related health risks were evaluated. This study will provide a significant reference to understand the quality and safety of pork in China or other similar developing countries.

8.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 135: 110932, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682935

RESUMO

Immunomodulatory peptides with the sequences TSeMMM and SeMDPGQQ from selenium (Se)-enriched rice protein hydrolysates (SPHs) were identified in our previous study. We synthesized these two peptides to study whether they have neuroprotective effects on Pb2+-induced oxidative stress in mouse hippocampal HT22 cells, SPHs and a purified SPH fraction (SPHs-2) were used to compare the effects. Peptides pretreatments significantly suppressed Pb2+-induced cytotoxicity by increasing cell viability and decreasing cell apoptosis. TSeMMM and SeMDPGQQ reduced nitric oxide (NO) levels by 37.47% and 14.72% of Pb2+ group, as well as lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release by 12.98% and 6.32% of Pb2+ group. TSeMMM and SeMDPGQQ could increase the activities of antioxidant enzymes; for example, the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased by 47.79% and 13.93%, respectively, and that of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) increased by 94.7% and 78.73% of Pb2+ group. Additionally, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) nuclear translocation and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) expression were triggered. These results suggest that TSeMMM and SeMDPGQQ can suppress oxidative damage caused by Pb2+; moreover, TSeMMM showed better neuroprotective potential than SeMDPGQQ.


Assuntos
Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Oligopeptídeos/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Selenoproteínas/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Chumbo/toxicidade , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Oryza/química , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química
9.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 135: 110944, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707031

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are known as one of the most important bioactive compounds in Flammulina velutipes. However, there is no accurate and comprehensive assessment method to evaluate and authenticate F. velutipes polysaccharides (FVPs) from different sources. In this study, a multiple fingerprint analysis method including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was established. The inhibitory activities of FVPs against HepG2 were measured and introduced into multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis to investigate fingerprint-activity relationship. The principal component analysis (PCA) scores showed that the polysaccharides extracted from 20 batches of different F. velutipes were highly similar, and substandard samples could be distinguished from the authentic polysaccharides clearly. The glucuronic acid could be considered as a marker for discrimination of white and yellow F. velutipes polysaccharides in HPLC fingerprints. Moreover, the HPLC fingerprint-growth inhibitory activity relationship illuminated that monosaccharides composition played an important role on the HepG2 growth inhibitory activity, and activity-associated markers (mannose, rhamnose, xylose, and galactose) were chosen to assess FVPs from different sources. The suggested HPLC fingerprint-activity relationship method provides an integrated strategy for the quality control of F. velutipes and its related products.


Assuntos
Flammulina/química , Polissacarídeos/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/métodos , Polissacarídeos/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos
10.
Subst Use Misuse ; 55(5): 721-733, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851860

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about heterogeneity in developmental trajectories of alcohol and marijuana use among at-risk youth. Objective: This study aims to examine how child maltreatment and father structural factors at different stages in the life course are associated with different patterns of alcohol and marijuana use trajectories. Methods: A sample of youth (N = 903) were drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). Latent class growth analysis was employed to assess heterogeneity in patterns of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use. In addition, binary logistic regression analysis was performed to examine child maltreatment and father structural factors across different developmental stages as predictors of membership in the identified alcohol and marijuana use trajectory classes. Results: For both alcohol and marijuana use, two distinct latent classes were identified: stable no/low alcohol use (74%) vs. increasing alcohol use (26%); stable no/low marijuana use (85%) vs. increasing marijuana use (15%). Emotional abuse during early childhood and physical abuse during adolescence predicted membership in the increasing alcohol use and the increasing marijuana use classes. The presence of father in the home during early childhood was associated with lower likelihood of being in the increasing alcohol use class. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the importance of understanding the etiology of adolescent substance use through a developmental lens. Screening of exposure to child maltreatment across different developmental stages and interventions promoting father engagement during early childhood might help mitigate the risk of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use.

11.
Food Sci Nutr ; 7(9): 3006-3016, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572594

RESUMO

A number of 17 sulfonamides (SNs) determination in porcine tissues using two new materials including Enhanced Matrix Removal for Lipid (EMR-L) and Oasis PRiME hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB), and the conventional liquid-liquid extraction with n-hexane (LLE) sample preparation methods were evaluated and compared. Samples were extracted uniformly with acidified acetonitrile and cleaned up by the three sample preparation methods, and then, analytes were further separated by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) and detected by a triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (MS/MS) or a quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF/MS). The results showed that the matrix effects from the EMR-L and HLB were significantly lower than that from LLE, suggesting that these two new materials are superior to n-hexane in the precipitation of proteins and the adsorption of lipids. Moreover, the recoveries of 17 SNs were quantified by the matrix-matched calibration curve at spiked level of 5, 10, and 20 µg/kg, and 97.0% of the results satisfied method validation requirements. The samples cleaned up by EMR-L and HLB achieved the highest average recovery in liver and kidney with high moisture content, and muscle which is high in fat, respectively. In addition, Q-TOF/MS could play a good role in aided verification based on the result of repeated validation test. In summary, either combination of approaches could be used to achieve monitoring purposes; it is still worthwhile to adopt a specific sample preparation method and MS detector for the quantification in a specific matrix.

12.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 134: 110833, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574266

RESUMO

Flavor deterioration is a serious problem in dried carrots during storage and is frequently accompanied by water absorption and bacterial growth. To explore the underlying mechanism of flavor deterioration, relationship among water status, exogenous bacterial composition and flavor changes in dried carrots were analyzed at different water activities (aw, 0.43, 0.67, 0.76 and 0.84). Results suggested that the water molecules mobility significantly increased in the dried carrots at higher aw levels (0.67, 0.76 and 0.84), this was attributed to the raised content of bound water, rather than immobilized or free water. Consequently, this accelerated microbial growth and flavor deterioration. At aw = 0.84, the characteristic flavor compounds including 2,3-butanediol, pentanoic acid, hexanoic acid, heptanoic acid and nonanoic acid were lost. The disagreeable flavor compounds including terpenes were produced during the storage period. These were the main contributors of flavor deterioration in the dried carrots. Lactic acid bacteria, as the dominant bacteria in dried carrots during storage, were proved to be closely related to the production of o-cymene, ß-pinene and ß-myrcene. Moreover, the emergence of Pediococcus spp. was the major factor leading to the increase of γ-terpinene in dried carrots.


Assuntos
Daucus carota/microbiologia , Conservação de Alimentos , Paladar , /metabolismo , Alcenos/metabolismo , /metabolismo , Lactobacillales/metabolismo , Água/química
13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 225: 115238, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521271

RESUMO

Four phenolic acid-grafted-chitosan conjugates were prepared with different phenolic acids including gallic acid (GLA), caffeic acid (CA), gentisate acid (GTA) and sinapic acid (SA), and their characteristics were analyzed. Furthermore, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of conjugates were compared to screen out the optimal conjugates. The characterization analysis showed that the UV absorption peaks of CA-g-CS were stronger than that of GLA-g-CS, indicating a higher substitution degree. In addition, the substitution degree and antioxidant activity of caffeic acid-grafted-chitosan (CA-g-CS) and gallic acid-grafted-chitosan (GLA-g-CS) had significantly (p < 0.05) higher than CS and other two conjugates. However, CA-g-CS demonstrated stronger bacteriostatic ability, of which the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus were lower, and the inhibitory zones were larger than GLA-g-CS. In summary, the present findings will provide a theoretical basis for the expanding of CS application in food processing and preservation.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Quitosana/química , Hidroxibenzoatos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Manipulação de Alimentos , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; : 1524838019869094, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405362

RESUMO

Resilience following childhood maltreatment has received substantial empirical attention, with the number of studies on this construct growing exponentially in the past decade. While there is ample interest, inconsistencies remain about how to conceptualize and assess resilience. Further, there is a lack of consensus on how developmental stage influences resilience and how protective factors affect its expression. The current systematic review uses a developmental lens to synthesize findings on resilience following child maltreatment. Specifically, this article consolidates the body of empirical literature in a developmentally oriented review, with the intention of inclusively assessing three key areas-the conceptualization of resilience, assessment of resilience, and factors associated with resilience in maltreatment research. A total of 67 peer-reviewed, quantitative empirical articles that examined child maltreatment and resilience were included in this review. Results indicate that some inconsistencies in the literature may be addressed by utilizing a developmental lens and considering the individual's life stage when selecting a definition of resilience and associated measurement tool. The findings also support developmental variations in factors associated with resilience, with different individual, relational, and community protective factors emerging based on life stage. Implications for practice, policy, and research are incorporated throughout this review.

15.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(7): 847-851, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between plasma oxidative stress factors levels and organ damage parameters as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted. Twenty-five patients admitted to surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from March to December in 2016 and diagnosed as sepsis were enrolled as study subjects. Another 15 patients without sepsis admitted to surgical ICU in the same period were enrolled as controls. General demographic data, main diagnoses, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score within 24 hours, clinical laboratory indicators [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), white blood count (WBC)] and oxidative stress indicators [superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO)] as well as length of ICU stay, total hospital stay and 28-day mortality were recorded. Spearman or Pearson correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between oxidative stress indicators and organ damage indicators as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of oxidative stress indicators for 28-day mortality in patients with sepsis. RESULTS: The length of ICU stay in sepsis group was significantly longer than that in non-sepsis group [days: 7.0 (5.5, 11.0) vs. 4.0 (1.0, 11.0), P < 0.05], and AST, BUN, CRP, PCT, plasma MDA and NO levels were significantly higher than those in non-sepsis group [AST (U/L): 50.76±19.53 vs. 28.53±14.02, BUN (mmol/L): 9.99±5.26 vs. 6.97±4.32, CRP (mg/L): 109.28±42.79 vs. 60.33±46.68, PCT (µg/L): 5.4 (0.3, 24.0) vs. 0.6 (0.1, 1.5), MDA (ng/L): 488.31±76.68 vs. 399.30±50.23, NO (ng/L): 5.08±0.89 vs. 4.42±0.88, all P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in gender, age, APACHE II score, total hospital stay, 28-day mortality, ALT, SCr, WBC or plasma SOD activity between the two groups. The correlation analysis between oxidative stress parameters and organ damage parameters as well as prognosis in patients with sepsis showed that MDA and NO were positively correlated with SCr (r value was 0.426 and 0.431, respectively, both P < 0.05), and there was a positive correlation between MDA and NO (r = 0.990, P < 0.01); plasma SOD activity was negatively correlated with 28-day mortality (r = -0.468, P < 0.05), while MDA and NO levels were positively correlated with 28-day mortality (r value was 0.598 and 0.611, respectively, both P < 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that plasma SOD, MDA and NO levels had a good independent predictive effect on 28-day mortality, the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.816±0.087, 0.904±0.078 and 0.912±0.071, and the best cut-off value was 40.76% (sensitivity 68.4%, specificity 100%), 487.93 ng/L (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 89.5%) and 5.31 ng/L (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 89.5%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The plasma levels of oxidative stress factors in patients with sepsis are significantly increased, which is closely related to organ damage and poor prognosis. The plasma SOD, MDA and NO levels can be used as independent bio-marker to predict the 28-day mortality of patients with sepsis.


Assuntos
Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Sepse/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Prognóstico , Sepse/metabolismo
16.
Theranostics ; 9(13): 3780-3797, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281513

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are the most abundant RNA species found in serum, and recently, several miRNAs have been found to be associated with osteoporosis. However, the development of such associated miRNAs into diagnostic and therapeutic targets remains unaddressed, mostly because of a lack of functional validation. Here, we identified circulating miR-338 associated with postmenopausal osteoporosis, and performed functional validation in vivo and in vitro. Methods: We collected the serum from postmenopausal osteoporosis patients (N=15) and female volunteers of the same age but with normal bone density (N=15) and examined the enrichment of miR-338 cluster. We also confirmed such enrichment using mice subjected to ovariectomy at different stages. We employed primary bone marrow stromal cells from mice and the MC-3T3 cell line along with CRISPR, RNA-seq and ChIP-qPCR to validate the biological function of secreted miR-338 cluster on osteoblastic differentiation and their upstream regulators. Moreover, we generated miR-338 knockout mice and OVX mice injected with an inhibitor against miR-338 cluster to confirm its biological function in vivo. Results: We observed a significant enrichment of miR-338 cluster in postmenopausal osteoporosis patients. Such enrichment was also prominent in serum from mice subjected to ovariectomy and was detected much earlier than bone density decreases revealed by micro-CT. We also confirmed the presence of an estrogen-dependent Runx2/Sox4/miR-338 positive feedback loop that modulated osteoblast differentiation, providing a possible explanation for our clinical findings. Moreover, deletion of the miR-338 cluster or direct intravenous injection of an miR-338 cluster inhibitor significantly prevented osteoporosis after ovariectomy. Conclusion: Circulating miR-338 cluster in the serum could serve as a promising diagnostic and therapeutic target for postmenopausal osteoporosis patients.

17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 8773-8782, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283205

RESUMO

Conquering rapid postripeness and deterioration of Agaricus bisporus is quite challenging. We previously observed that methyl jasmonate (MeJA) pretreatment postponed the deterioration of A. bisporus, but the mechanism is unknown. Here, a nontargeted metabolomics analysis by ultrahigh-pressure liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) revealed that MeJA increased the synthesis of malate by inhibiting the decomposition of fumarate and cis-aconitate. MeJA maintained energy supply by enhancing ATP content and energy charge level and improving hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities as well. These results promoted ATP supply by maintaining glycolysis, the TCA cycle, and the pentose phosphate pathway. In addition, we revealed that the delayed deterioration was attributed to MeJA treatment which stimulated the energy status of A. bisporus by reducing the respiration rate and nutrient decomposition, thus maintaining energy production. Our results provide a new insight into the role of MeJA treatment in delaying deterioration of A. bisporus through ATP production and supply.


Assuntos
Acetatos/farmacologia , Agaricus/efeitos dos fármacos , Agaricus/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Ácido Aconítico/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Agaricus/química , Agaricus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumaratos/metabolismo , Malatos/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
18.
ACS Nano ; 13(7): 8337-8346, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287646

RESUMO

Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are attractive candidates for next-generation rechargeable batteries. With the steady development of sulfur cathodes, the recent revival of research on dendrite-free Li metal anodes offers opportunities to improve the stabilities and safety of Li-S batteries. However, the low capacities and low Li utilizations of current Li anodes hinder the improvement of the energy densities of Li-S batteries. Here, we present a facile approach to fabricate lithiophilic three-dimensional porous current collectors by modifying commercial metal foams with yolk-shell structured N-doped porous carbon nanosheets. Benefiting from the structure-based rational design, this current collector is able to generate dendrite-free Li anodes with improved Coulombic efficiencies and life spans, enabling carbon/sulfur cathodes to exhibit significantly enhanced stabilities (e.g., 78.1% of capacity retention after 1400 cycles). More importantly, we successfully constructed a high-areal-capacity Li-S full cell (9.84 mAh cm-2) with 82% Li utilization. This work provides a promising route toward high-energy-density Li-S batteries.

19.
J Sci Food Agric ; 99(15): 6731-6740, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Common oil-in-water plant-based emulsions are allergenic and unstable to environmental stress, leading to increased consumer concerns about the food industry. To solve the problem of safety and instability, we investigated the influence of environmental stress on the stability of emulsions containing various rice protein hydrolysates, and compared the performance to whey protein, a common food emulsifier. RESULTS: Rice protein hydrolysates were obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis with different proteases (neutrase, trypsin and alcalase). We evaluated the stability of emulsions produced with different hydrolysates according to storage, pH, ionic strength and thermal processing. Trypsin hydrolysates formed emulsion as stable as emulsion containing whey protein against a range of environmental stress containing pH (pH 6 to 7), salt (< 150 mmol L-1 NaCl) and temperature (30-90 °C). Moreover, a higher partition coefficient of protein in emulsion showed that the trypsin hydrolysates were easy to adsorb at the oil-water droplet interface, indicating its higher stability. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in the present study suggest that trypsin hydrolysates could be utilized as natural emulsifiers to stabilize emulsion instead of traditional animal-based emulsifiers, opening many opportunities with respect to hypoallergenic emulsion systems in the food industry. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Metaloendopeptidases/química , Oryza/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Subtilisinas/química , Tripsina/química , Biocatálise , Emulsões/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Concentração Osmolar
20.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(30): 8411-8418, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246458

RESUMO

Economic loss of postharvest wheat under poor storage conditions due to fungal spoilage and mycotoxin contamination is severe. In order to study the influencing factors of the aggravation of mildew in natural wheat during storage, we assessed changes in Fusarium mycotoxins by high performance liquid chromatography, changes in fungal communities by high-throughput sequencing, and changes in biochemical components in wheat stored under artificial simulation conditions. Deoxynivalenol was the dominant Fusarium mycotoxin, reaching 1103 µg/kg at 25 °C with 75% relative humidity after 30 weeks. Under these conditions, Fusarium dominated the fungal communities, and Fusarium graminearum was significantly negatively correlated with glutenin (p < 0.05). Low storage temperatures and low humidity result in lower levels of Fusarium mycotoxins. Different fungi tended to consume different wheat components, and the interaction between environmental and biological factors eventually leads to the deterioration of wheat quality. These findings might provide valuable information for control strategies of mildew occurrence during grain storage.


Assuntos
Fungos/isolamento & purificação , Micobioma , Micotoxinas/química , Triticum/microbiologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Fungos/classificação , Fungos/genética , Fusarium/química , Fusarium/classificação , Fusarium/isolamento & purificação , Fusarium/metabolismo , Umidade , Micotoxinas/metabolismo , Sementes/química , Sementes/microbiologia , Tricotecenos/análise , Tricotecenos/metabolismo , Triticum/química
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