Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 357
Filtrar
1.
Int Orthop ; 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019127

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The use of porous tantalum augments and titanium-coated cups in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) with acetabular defects has shown satisfactory outcomes in our centre. The aim of this study was to report the long-term radiological and clinical outcomes of using this combination for Paprosky type III acetabular bone defects in acetabular revision. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and January 2015, 45 patients with Paprosky type III acetabular defects underwent acetabular revision using a combination of porous tantalum augments and titanium-coated cups. Among these, 41 patients (41 hips) had complete follow-up. Thirty-one patients had a Paprosky type IIIA defect, and ten patients had a Paprosky type IIIB defect. No patients had pelvic discontinuity. There were 20 males and 21 females with an average age of 63.2 years (range 35-80) at the time of revision surgery. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 122.8 months (range 69-165). The Harris Hip Score (HHS) improved significantly from 32.1 points (range 17-58) pre-operatively to 85.3 points (63-98) at the last follow-up. The Short Form-12 (SF-12) and Hip Dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) improved significantly for each item at the last follow-up. Two patients had a high hip centre post-operatively. One patient had recurrent dislocation but did not require re-revision. No further revision of the acetabular components was required, and all hips remained stable at the last follow-up with bony ingrowth of the acetabular components according to the criteria of Moore et al. CONCLUSION: The combination of tantalum augments and conventional titanium-coated cups achieved satisfactory long-term radiographic and clinical outcomes for Paprosky type III acetabular bone defects without pelvic discontinuity.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(20): e26058, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011123

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Perioperative bleeding is associated with postoperative hyperfibrinolysis caused by surgical trauma in the setting of total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/ TKA). The study aimed to clarify the dynamics of postoperative fibrinolytic activity and the values of fibrin degeneration products and thromboelastography (TEG) to guide precisive antifibrinolytic therapy.Forty three patients undergoing primary unilateral THAs and 40 TKAs were included to the prospective observational cohort study. Venous blood sample at different time points (preoperative, intraoperative, postoperative 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours) were drawn to test D-dimer, fibrin (-ogen) degradation products (FDP) and TEG.The TEG parameters associated with coagulation (R, K, α, MA, and CI) and fibrinolysis (estimate percent lysis and Ly30) were all in normal range although had a higher level than preoperative time (P < .05). The postoperative levels of D-dimer and FDP were higher than preoperative level (P < .05). The dynamics of D-dimer and FDP presented a bimodal pattern, which peaked at 6 hours postoperatively, then remained and decreased until 24 hours, but would rebound at 48 hours postoperatively with smaller amplitude. Moreover, FDP6h (P = .028), D-Dimer6h (P = .044), FDP12h (P = .009), D-dimer12h (P = .007), and FDP48h (P = .016) were all correlated with total blood loss on POD3.FDP and D-dimer were effective and practical markers for prediction of acute postoperative fibrinolytic activity, which peaked at 6 hours after end of surgery and would maintain for at least 24 hours.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Fibrinólise/fisiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/sangue , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Tromboelastografia
3.
Lab Invest ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850295

RESUMO

The membranous receptor syndecan-4 (SDC-4) and the nuclear transcription factor hypoxia-induced factor-2α (HIF-2α) play critical roles in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine whether SDC-4 inhibition downregulates HIF-2a expression by microRNA-96-5p (miR-96-5p) in murine chondrocyte and cartilage tissue. The OA model was induced surgically in mice, and SDC-4 polyclonal antibody, HIF-2α small interfering RNA (siRNA) and its control, miR-96-5p mimics and its scrambled controls or anti-miR-96-5p and its control were then injected into the knee joints. At 2 and 4 weeks after surgery, OA progression was evaluated microscopically, histologically, radiographically and immunohistochemically in these mice. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting were performed after treating with antibody and transfecting with miRNA mimic or siRNA to determine their effects on OA-related mediators. The potential miRNAs related to OA development were identified by using miRNA microarray analysis. Whether miRNAs play a pivotal role in OA development in vivo or in vitro was also investigated. MiR-96-5p expression was upregulated by SDC-4-specific antibodies in chondrocytes and cartilage tissue, and miR-96-5p directly targeted the 3'-UTR of HIF-2α to inhibit HIF-2α signaling in murine chondrocytes. Moreover, we demonstrated that anti-SDC-4-attenuated IL-1ß-induced chondrocyte hypertrophy and cartilage degradation by inhibiting HIF-2α signaling by a miR-96-5p-dependent mechanism. Our study revealed that the inhibition of SDC-4 exerts its effects on both cartilage homeostasis and the chondrocyte hypertrophy phenotype by inducing miR-96-5p expression, which results in targeting HIF-2α 3'-UTR sequences and inhibiting HIF-2α in murine cartilage tissue and chondrocytes.

4.
Orthop Surg ; 13(3): 692-700, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682337

RESUMO

The diagnostic potential of D-dimer and fibrinogen to detect periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) of the hip and knee is not well-understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether D-Dimer and fibrinogen can be used as effective biomarkers to screen PJI. A systematic review of the literature indexed in Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar databases was performed. All studies using D-dimer levels in serum or plasma, or fibrinogen levels in plasma, for the diagnosis of PJI were included. Meta-analysis estimates, including sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratios (DOR), and the area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve (AUSROC), were calculated using a random-effects model, and used to assess the diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers. A total of nine studies were analyzed, and their quality was considered to be acceptable. D-dimer gave a limited diagnostic value if serum and plasma combined: sensitivity (0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.63 to 0.87]), specificity (0.67, 95% CI [0.54 to 0.78]), DOR (6.81, 95% CI [2.67 to 17.37]), and AUSROC (0.78, 95% CI [0.74 to 0.82]). Plasma D-dimer levels were associated with less satisfactory sensitivity (0.65, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.71), specificity (0.58, 95% CI 0.50 to 0.66), DOR (2.52, 95% CI 1.64 to 3.90), and AUSROC (0.65, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.69). Serum D-dimer levels showed higher corresponding values of 0.89 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.94), 0.76 (95% CI 0.55 to 0.89), 24.24 (95% CI 10.07 to 58.32), and 0.91 (95% CI 0.88 to 0.93). Plasma fibrinogen showed acceptable corresponding values of 0.79 (95% CI 0.70 to 0.85), 0.73 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.85), 10.14 (95% CI 6.16 to 16.70), and 0.83 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.86). Serum D-dimer may be an effective marker for the diagnosis of PJI in hip and knee arthroplasty patients, and it may show higher diagnostic potential than plasma fibrinogen. Plasma D-dimer may have limited diagnostic potential.

5.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 17, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative care has been evolving since the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was introduced in China. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of early ambulation within 24 h after unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on postoperative rehabilitation and costs in a Chinese population. METHODS: This cohort study of patients with knee osteoarthritis who had undergone TKA at 24 large teaching hospitals between January 2014 and November 2016 involved 2687 patients who began ambulating within 24 h (Group A) and 3761 who began ambulating later than 24 h (Group B). The outcome measurements, such as length of stay (LOS), total hospitalization costs, dynamic pain level, knee flexion range of motion (ROM), results of the 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12), incidence of thromboembolic events and other complications, were recorded and compared. RESULTS: The early ambulation group (Group A) had a shorter LOS and lower hospitalization costs and pain levels than the late ambulation group (Group B). There was a favorable effect in enhancing ROM for patients in Group A compared with patients in Group B. In Group A, patients had significantly higher postoperative SF-12 scores than those in Group B. The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary infection was significantly lower in Group A than in Group B. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) and other complications did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Early ambulation within 24 h after TKA was associated with reduced LOS, improved knee function, lower hospitalization costs and lower incidence of DVT and pulmonary infection in the Chinese population.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Deambulação Precoce/normas , Idoso , China , Estudos de Coortes , Deambulação Precoce/enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal dose regimen of dexamethasone in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not been determined. This study was performed to evaluate the impact of a single preoperative high-dose dexamethasone compared with two perioperative low-dose dexamethasone in TKA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied three regimens on dexamethasone: no dexamethasone (A), a single preoperative dose of 20-mg dexamethasone (B), and two perioperative doses of 10-mg dexamethasone (C). The primary outcome was postoperative pain level. The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), use of analgesic and antiemetic rescue, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, range of motion (ROM), and complications were also compared. RESULTS: The dynamic pain scores and CRP and IL-6 levels were significantly lower for Group B compared to Groups A and C on postoperative days 1 and 2 (POD 1 and 2). Such differences were also detected between Groups C and A. Besides, the pain scores at rest were significantly lower in Groups B and C than in Group A on POD 1 and 2. Patients in Groups B and C had a lower incidence of PONV, reduced use of analgesic and antiemetic rescue, and improved ROM than in Group A. No complications occurred in any group. CONCLUSION: Dexamethasone in TKA provides short-term advantages in analgesic, antiemetic and anti-inflammatory effects. Besides, regarding the effects of pain and inflammatory control on POD 1 and 2, a single preoperative high dose of 20-mg dexamethasone was more effective than two perioperative low doses of 10-mg dexamethasone. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I.

7.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 81, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of local infiltration anaesthesia (LIA) during primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) via a posterolateral approach under general anaesthesia and to compare the efficacy of LIA in all layers with LIA in the deep and superficial fascia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty patients were randomised into three groups: LIA in the deep and superficial fascia (group A), LIA in all layers (group B) and the control (group C). The primary outcomes were the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores at rest and on movement within 72 h (h) postoperatively. The secondary outcomes included opioid consumption, patient satisfaction, range of motion (ROM), straight leg raise completion rate, length of hospital stay, opioid-related side effects and wound complications. We followed the patients until 6 months after discharge. RESULTS: At 2 and 6 h, groups A and B had lower resting VAS scores than group C (p < 0.01); at 12 h, group B had a lower resting VAS score than group C (p < 0.05). At 6 and 12 h, the movement VAS scores in groups A and B were lower than those in group C (p < 0.01). Groups A and B had similar VAS scores during the observation period. Groups A and B had higher levels of patient satisfaction than group C (p = 0.03 and p = 0.018, respectively). Opioid consumption was similar in the three groups. There were no significant differences in the other secondary outcomes amongst the three groups. No difference was found in hip rehabilitation or chronic pain during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Single-shot LIA with ropivacaine alone reduces the pain score during the first 12 postoperative hours and improves patients' satisfaction with THA. LIA in the deep and superficial fascia and LIA in all layers have similar analgesic effects. LIA in the deep and superficial fascia may be an alternative method to LIA in all layers.

8.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 141(3): 489-496, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tranexamic acid (TXA) has proven to be effective in reducing the blood loss associated with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with osteoarthritis. However, there still exists a paucity of evidence regarding the effectiveness of intravenous TXA in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of intravenous TXA on blood loss after TKA in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 405 patients with rheumatoid arthritis who had undergone TKA were categorized into two groups based on the protocol of TXA use. TXA group (n = 248): patients received 15 mg/kg TXA prior to operation. Control group (n = 157): patients received no TXA. The outcome measurements such as, total blood loss (TBL), intraoperative blood loss (IBL), hidden blood loss (HBL), transfusion, drainage, the timing of first ambulation, the length of stay (LOS), total hospitalization costs, the results of 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12), the incidence of thromboembolic events and other complications were recorded and compared. RESULTS: The mean TBL, IBL, HBL, volume of transfusion and drainage were significantly lower in TXA group than in Control group. The rate of transfusion was significantly lower in TXA group than in Control group. There was a favorable effect in early ambulation for patients in TXA group, compared with patients in Control group. In addition, TXA group had shorter LOS, lower hospitalization costs and higher postoperative SF-12 score than Control group. The incidence of deep venous thrombosis and other complications did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSION: TXA can effectively diminish blood loss, reduce transfusion, shorten LOS and decrease hospitalization costs after TKA in Chinese patients with rheumatoid arthritis, without increasing the risk of complications.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos , Ácido Tranexâmico , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Antifibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Tranexâmico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico
9.
Acta Biomater ; 121: 724-740, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340734

RESUMO

Porous Fe-Mn biodegradable scaffolds fabricated by 3D printing are considered as a promising alternative biomaterial for repairing load-bearing bone defects. However, the mechanical adaptability, the thoughtful in vitro biocompatibility and especially the long-term in vivo osseointegration and biodegradation performances have not been investigated to date. Herein, the porous Fe-30Mn biodegradable scaffolds fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) had the adjustable elastic modulus ranging from 10.04 GPa to 14.88 GPa by regulating the porosity from 37.89% to 47.17%. In vitro indirect and direct cytotoxicity as well as cell adhesion experiments demonstrated biocompatibility and a large number of cells with stretched filopodia adhered to the scaffolds. 48 weeks in vivo experiments showed that the scaffolds had no harm to liver and kidney, and exhibited long-term in vivo osseointegration performance. Volumes of the scaffolds decreased by 10.1-20.9%, and the retrieved scaffolds showed decreased elastic modulus (decreased by 34.1-42.3%) and yield strength (decreased by 15.8-23.3%) after the 48 weeks in vivo degradation. The Fe-30Mn-femoral condyle complex maintained the same level of stiffness as intact controls during 48 weeks. In summary, the porous Fe-30Mn biodegradable scaffolds fabricated by SLM could be a reliable and practical alternative for repairing load-bearing bone defects.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Impressão Tridimensional , Osseointegração , Porosidade , Tecidos Suporte , Suporte de Carga
10.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 297, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33267769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to determine (1) whether the addition of prophylactic oral mosapride to a protocol including dexamethasone and ondansetron further reduces postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) compared with ondansetron alone or the combination of both; (2) whether preemptive application of oral mosapride provides additional clinical benefits for bowel function and appetite, thus improving functional recovery. METHODS: We randomized 240 patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty to receive placebo (Control, n = 80), dexamethasone (10 mg) before anesthesia induction (Dexa, n = 82), or dexamethasone (10 mg) before anesthesia induction as well as oral mosapride (5 mg) before and after surgery (Mosa+Dexa, n = 78). Patients were assessed at 0-6, 6-12, 12-24, and 24-48 h postoperatively. Primary outcomes were incidence and severity of PONV as well as complete response. Secondary outcomes were appetite, time until first defecation and ambulation, patient satisfaction score, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: Mosa+Dexa patients showed significantly lower incidence of nausea at 6-12 h (3.8%) and over the entire evaluation period (6.4%), as well as a higher rate of complete response (89.7%) than other patients. Mosa+Dexa patients required less time to achieve first defecation and ambulation, they were hospitalized for shorter time, and they were more satisfied with clinical care. CONCLUSION: Addition of oral mosapride further reduced incidence of PONV, especially postoperative nausea, during 6-12 h postoperatively. Moreover, preemptive application of oral mosapride can further improve appetite, bowel function, ambulation and length of hospital stay. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study protocol was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( ChiCTR1800015896 ), prospectively registered on 27/04/2018.

11.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 33(11): 1032-6, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269853

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens causing periprosthetic infections after hip and knee arthroplasty, and to formulate prevention and treatment strategies for drug-resistant bacteria. METHODS: The data of 146 cases of periprosthetic infection after primary hip and knee arthroplasty from 2010 to 2015 were collected, including 111 cases of periprosthetic infection after hip arthroplasty and 35 cases of periprosthetic infection after knee arthroplasty. The culture positive rate, pathogenic bacteria composition and drug resistance rate were counted over the years, and the change trend of pathogen distribution and drug resistance was analyzed. RESULTS: One hundredand eight strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected in 146 cases, and the positive rate of culture was 73.97%. Gram positive bacteria accounted for 55.48%, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus accounted for 25.34% and 15.07% respectively. Gram negative bacteria accounted for 13.01%, including Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. There were 4 cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and mixed infection. The results of culture over the years showed that the constituent ratio of Gram positive bacteria had an increasing trend, fluctuating from 39.13% to 76.47%. The results of drug sensitivity showed that the pathogens were highly resistant to ß-lactams, quinolones, clindamycin and gentamicin, and the drug resistance rate was increasing, but it was still sensitive to rifampicin, nitrofurantoin, tigecycline, linezolid and vancomycin. CONCLUSION: Gram positive bacteria are the main pathogens of periprosthetic infection, and the proportion is increasing gradually.The pathogens have high resistance to many kinds of antibiotics, and the resistance rate is still increasing. To strengthen the monitoring of the distribution and drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria is helpful to grasp its change trend and formulate targeted prevention and control strategies.

13.
Bone Joint Res ; 9(11): 778-788, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135425

RESUMO

AIMS: The efficacy and safety of intrawound vancomycin for preventing surgical site infection in primary hip and knee arthroplasty is uncertain. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted, indexed from inception to March 2020 in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar databases. All studies evaluating the efficacy and/or safety of intrawound vancomycin in patients who underwent primary hip and knee arthroplasty were included. Incidence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), superficial infection, aseptic wound complications, acute kidney injury, anaphylactic reaction, and ototoxicity were meta-analyzed. Results were reported as odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The quality of included studies was assessed using the risk of bias in non-randomized studies of interventions (ROBINS-I) assessment tool. RESULTS: Nine studies involving 4,607 patients were included. Intrawound vancomycin was associated with lower incidence of PJI (30 patients (1.20%) vs 58 control patients (2.75%); OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.69) and simultaneous acute kidney injury (four patients (0.28%) vs four control patients (0.35%), OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.19 to 2.55). However, it did not reduce risk of superficial infection (four patients (0.67%) vs six control patients (1.60%), OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.17 to 2.12) and was associated with higher incidence of aseptic wound complications (23 patients (2.15%) vs eight in control patients (0.96%), OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.09 to 5.23). Four studies reported no anaphylactic reactions and three studies reported no ototoxicity in any patient group. CONCLUSION: The current literature suggests that intrawound vancomycin used in primary hip and knee arthroplasty may reduce incidence of PJI, but it may also increase risk of aseptic wound complications. Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2020;9(11):778-788.

14.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(11): 1497-1504, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135436

RESUMO

AIMS: Intravenous dexamethasone has been shown to reduce immediate postoperative pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA), though the effects are short-lived. We aimed to assess whether two equivalent perioperative split doses were more effective than a single preoperative dose. METHODS: A total of 165 patients were randomly assigned into three groups: two perioperative saline injections (Group A, placebo), a single preoperative dose of 20 mg dexamethasone and a postoperative saline injection (Group B), and two perioperative doses of 10 mg dexamethasone (Group C). Patients, surgeons, and staff collecting outcome data were blinded to allocation. The primary outcome was postoperative pain level reported on a ten-point Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) at rest and during activity. The use of analgesic and antiemetic rescue, incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), CRP and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, range of motion (ROM), length of stay (LOS), patient satisfaction, and the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) and gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in the three months postoperatively, were also compared. RESULTS: The pain scores at rest were significantly lower in Groups B and C than in Group A on postoperative days 1 and 2. The dynamic pain scores and CRP and IL-6 levels were significantly lower for Groups B and C compared to Group A on postoperative days 1, 2, and 3. Patients in Groups B and C had a lower incidence of PONV, reduced use of analgesic and antiemetic rescue, improved ROM, shorter LOS, and reported higher satisfaction than in Group A. Patients in Group C had significantly lower dynamic pain scores and IL-6 and CRP levels on postoperative days 2 and 3, and higher ROM and satisfaction on postoperative day 3 than in Group B. No SSI or GIB occurred in any group. CONCLUSION: Perioperative dexamethasone provides short-term advantages in reducing pain, PONV, and inflammation, and increasing range of motion in the early postoperative period after THA. A split-dose regimen was superior to a single high dose in reducing pain and inflammation, and increasing ROM, with better patient satisfaction. Level of evidence: I Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(11):1497-1504.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 620, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In an enhanced recovery after surgery program, a growing number of orthopedists are reconsidering the necessity of tourniquet use in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the impact of tourniquet use on transfusion rate and postoperative length of stay (PLOS) in TKA remains controversial. Therefore, we carried out a study to investigate the effect of tourniquet application in routine primary TKA on transfusion rate and PLOS. METHODS: We analyzed data from 6325 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA and divided them into two groups according to whether a tourniquet was applied during the procedure, and a tourniquet was used in 4902 and not used in 1423. The information for transfusion and PLOS was extracted from patients' electronic health records, and the data were analyzed with logistic and linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Following TKA, the transfusion rate and PLOS were 14.52% and 7.72 ± 3.54 days, respectively, in the tourniquet group, and 6.47% and 6.44 ± 3.48 days, respectively, in the no-tourniquet group. After adjusting for the different related variables, tourniquet use was significantly correlated with a higher transfusion rate (risk ratio = 1.888, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.449-2.461, P < 0.001) and a longer PLOS (partial regression coefficient (B) = 0.923, 95%CI 0.690-1.156, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that tourniquet use in routine primary TKA was related to a higher transfusion rate and a longer PLOS. The impact of tourniquet use on transfusion rate and PLOS should be taken into account in clinical practice.

16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 540, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is a disabling osteoarticular disease involving growth and joint cartilage. Early diagnosis can effectively prevent the progress of the disease. However, the early diagnosis of it is still very difficult. Our aim was to study the knee joint lesions of a rat KBD model using ultra-high field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and compare it with X-ray imaging to analyze the possible MRI manifestations of KBD, and to further explore ways to determine the pathological damage of KBD in the early stage. METHODS: A total of 96 Wistar rats were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups: normal diet (Group A), KBD-affected diet (Group B), normal diet+T-2 toxin (Group C), and KBD-affected diet+T-2 toxin (Group D). T-2 toxin was administered at a dose of 0.1 mg/kg/day. In the 4th week, 8th week, and 12th week, eight rats randomly selected in each group were sacrificed by cervical dislocation after undergoing X-ray and 7.0 T MRI imaging, and then knee joints were harvested, sliced, and subjected to hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. RESULTS: Characteristic image changes including of continuity interruption and early closure and fusion of epiphyseal plates were observed on T1WI in rat model of KBD. The total necrosis rates in the H&E stain of group A to group D were 4.35, 52.38, 33.3, and 73.68%, respectively. The positive rate of image change under 7.0 T MRI was 0.833 VS. that under X-ray was 0.33 (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: MRI at 7.0 T is highly sensitive to the early pathological changes of the epiphysis, epiphyseal plate, and metaphyseal end, which can improve imaging positive rate of KBD and decrease the rate of missed diagnosis. This imaging modality can be used for research on early joint lesions and for early diagnosis of KBD.

17.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 350, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32843045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the use of tranexamic acid and control of the blood pressure during the operation, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without tourniquet can be achieved. There is no exact standard for the control level of blood pressure during no tourniquet TKA. We explored the optimal level of blood pressure control during no tourniquet TKA surgery with the use of tranexamic acid in this study. METHODS: Patients underwent TKA were divided into three groups: the mean intraoperative systolic blood pressure in group A was < 90 mmHg, 90-100 mmHg in group B, > 100 mmHg in group C. Total blood loss (TBL), intraoperative blood loss, hidden blood loss, transfusion rate, maximum hemoglobin drop, operation time, and postoperative hospitalization days were recorded. RESULTS: Two hundred seventy-eight patients were enrolled, 82 in group A, 105 in group B, and 91 in group C. Group A (663.3 ± 46.0 ml) and group B (679.9 ± 57.1 ml) had significantly lower TBL than group C (751.7 ± 56.2 ml). Group A (120.2 ± 18.7 ml) had the lowest intraoperative blood loss than groups B and C. Group C (26.0 ± 4.1 g/l) had the largest Hb change than groups A and B. Group A (62.3 ± 4.7 min) had the shortest operation time. The incidence rate of postoperative hypotension in group A (8, 9.8%) was significantly greater than groups B and C. No significant differences were found in other outcomes. CONCLUSION: The systolic blood pressure from 90 to 100 mmHg was the optimal strategy for no tourniquet primary TKA with tranexamic acid.

18.
J Arthroplasty ; 35(11): 3223-3229, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal dose regimen of dexamethasone in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is unclear. This study was conducted to compare the effects among 1-dose, 2-dose, and 3-dose dexamethasone in THA. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients were randomized to receive a single preoperative dose of 10-mg dexamethasone (group A, 50 patients), or another dose of 10-mg dexamethasone 24 hours later (group B, 50 patients), or another 2 doses of 10-mg dexamethasone 24 and 48 hours later (group C, 50 patients). The primary outcome was postoperative pain level. The use of analgesic and antiemetic rescue; incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting; C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels; range of motion; and complications were also compared. RESULTS: The dynamic pain scores were lower for groups B and C compared to group A on postoperative days 2 and 3. Such difference was also detected between groups B and C on postoperative day 3. C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 levels were lower in groups B and C than in group A at 48 and 72 hours postoperatively. Such difference was also observed between groups B and C at 72 hours postoperatively. Patients in groups B and C had reduced rescue analgesic use, and improved range of motion compared to patients in group A. There were no differences among 3 groups regarding the rescue antiemetic use, postoperative nausea and vomiting occurrence, and complications. CONCLUSION: Additional administrations of dexamethasone after THA could provide sustained pain relief and inflammatory control. Besides, the 3-dose regimen was more effective than the 2-dose regimen in terms of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I.

19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 465, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have undergone total knee arthroplasty are at increased risk of requiring a blood transfusion. This study is designed to compare the effects of preemptive antifibrinolysis of single-dose and repeat-dose tranexamic acid (TXA) in in RA patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS/DESIGN: The study will be a double-blind randomized controlled trial with two parallel groups of RA patients. Group A will be given 100 ml normal saline twice daily starting from 3 days before the operation, Group B will be given TXA 1.5 g twice daily starting from 3 days before the operation. All patients will be given TXA 1.5 g 30 min before the operation. The primary outcomes will be evaluated with total blood loss and hidden blood loss. Other outcome measurements such as, fibrinolysis parameters, inflammatory factors, visual analogue scale for post-operative pain, analgesia usage, coagulation parameters, transfusion, the length of stay (LOS), total hospitalization costs, the incidence of thromboembolic events and other complications will be recorded and compared. Recruitment is scheduled to begin on 1 August 2020, and the study will continue until 31 May 2021. DISCUSSION: In current literature there is a lack of evidence with regard to the efficacy of TXA in RA patients. The findings of this study, whether positive or negative, will contribute to the formulation of further recommendations on the use of TXA in RA patients undergoing TKA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000029720 . Registered 14 February 2020.

20.
J Knee Surg ; 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659818

RESUMO

Single-radius (SR) prostheses and multiple-radii (MR) prostheses have different theoretical advantages; however, few comparative studies have been reported. The aim of the study was to compare mid-term clinical, radiological, and survival outcomes of SR and MR posterior-stabilized prostheses in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Two hundred consecutive patients who underwent TKA between January 2012 and July 2013 were enrolled in the SR group (100 patients) and an MR group (100 patients), with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Functional, radiological, satisfaction, and survival rates were evaluated. There was a significantly higher range of motion (ROM) in the SR group than in the MR group (flexion, 123.65 ± 10.12 degrees vs. 115.52 ± 10.03 degrees, p < 0.001). Quadriceps strength (3.05 ± 0.43 vs. 2.68 ± 0.58 kg, p = 0.025) and chair test results (80 [93.02%] vs. 69 [83.13%], p = 0.027) were better in the SR group than in the MR group. The SR group also had significantly less anterior knee pain (6 [6.98%] vs. 15 [18.07%], p < 0.05) and a better satisfaction rate than those in the MR group. No significant differences were observed in clinical scale scores such as Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS), Knee Society Score (KSS), and Short-Form 12 (SF-12), radiological results in terms of component position and radiolucent lines. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve estimates at 5 years were not significantly different (96.91% [95% confidence interval [CI]: 93.5-99.5%] vs. 94.86% [95% CI: 90.6-98.6%], p = 0.4696). The SR prosthesis design was better than that of the MR in terms of ROM, reduced anterior knee pain, contributions to better recovery of the extension mechanism, and higher satisfaction rates. The SR had similar results in clinical scales such as HSS, KSS, SF-12, radiological, or survival results to MR prostheses. More accurate measurements and longer-term follow-up are required.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...