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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149729, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454135

RESUMO

Atmospheric heavy metal deposition in agroecosystems has increased recently, especially in northern China, which poses serious risks to crop safety and human health via food chain. Wheat grains can accumulate high levels of Pb even when wheat is planted in soils with low levels of Pb. However, the influence of atmospheric deposition on the accumulation and distribution of Pb in wheat grain is still unclear. A field survey was conducted in three districts (A: a district with industrial and traffic pollution; B: a district with traffic pollution; and C: an unpolluted district) in Hebei Province, North China. The grain of wheat cultivated in district A accumulated more Pb from soil and atmospheric deposition than those in other districts, and the bran from district A contained 3.50 and 2.04 times more Pb than those from districts B and C, respectively. The Pb distribution pattern in wheat grain detected by laser ablation inductively coupled mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was characterized by accumulation mostly in the pericarp and seed coat rather than in the crease, embryo and endosperm. Furthermore, Pb isotopic data showed that airborne Pb was the major source (>50%) of Pb in wheat grain. Interestingly, average contributions of Pb from atmospheric deposition to white flour (78.22%) were higher than its contributions to bran (56.27%). In addition, wheat flag leaves were exposed to PbSO4 at the booting stage, and much greater Pb accumulation (0.33-0.48 mg/kg) was observed in exposed wheat grain than in the control (P < 0.05), PbSO4 constituted most (82.80-100%) of the Pb in the wheat grain. In summary, the results confirmed the efficient foliar Pb uptake and transfer from atmospheric deposition into wheat grain. It would be a new sight for understanding the contribution of airborne Pb to Pb accumulation in wheat grains.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , China , Grão Comestível/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Chumbo , Espectrometria de Massas , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Triticum
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the direction, strength and causality of the associations of resting heart rate (RHR) with cardiometabolic traits. METHODS: We assessed the strength of associations between measured RHR and cardiometabolic traits in 506,211 and 372,452 participants from China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) and UK Biobank (UKB). Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses were used to make causal inferences in 99,228 and 371,508 participants from CKB and UKB, respectively. RESULTS: We identified significant, directionally-concordant observational associations between RHR and higher total cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein, C-reactive protein (CRP), glucose, body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) after the Bonferroni correction. MR analyses showed that 10 beat/min higher genetically-predicted RHR were trans-ethnically associated with a higher DBP (beta 2.059 [95%CI 1.544, 2.574] mmHg in CKB; 2.037 [1.845, 2.229] mmHg in UKB), higher CRP (0.180 [0.057, 0.303] log mg/L in CKB; 0.154 [0.134, 0.174] log mg/L in UKB), higher TG (0.052 [-0.009, 0.113] log mmol/L in CKB; 0.020 [0.010, 0.030] log mmol/L in UKB) and higher WHR (0.218 [-0.033, 0.469] % in CKB; 0.225 [0.111, 0.339] % in UKB). In the opposite direction, higher genetically-predicted SBP, TG, glucose, WHR and lower high-density lipoprotein were associated with elevated RHR. CONCLUSION: Our large-scale analyses provide causal evidence between RHR and cardiometabolic traits, highlighting the importance of monitoring heat rate as a means of alleviating the adverse effect of metabolic disorders.

3.
Diabetes Care ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess prospective associations of circulating metabolites with the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Chinese adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A case-cohort study within the 8-year prospective China Kadoorie Biobank comprised 882 participants with incident T2D and 789 subcohort participants. Nuclear magnetic resonance metabolomic profiling quantified 225 metabolites in stored baseline plasma samples. Cox regression related individual metabolites with T2D risk, adjusting for potential confounders and fasting time. RESULTS: After correction for multiple testing, 163 metabolites were significantly associated with the risk of T2D (P < 0.05). There were strong positive associations of VLDL particle size, the ratio of apolipoprotein B-to-apolipoprotein A-1, branched-chain amino acids, glucose, and triglycerides with T2D, and inverse associations of HDL-cholesterol, HDL particle size, and relative n-3 and saturated fatty acid concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese adults, metabolites across diverse pathways were independently associated with T2D risk, providing valuable etiological insights and potential to improve T2D risk prediction.

4.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 281, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation is thought to be a cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is partly caused by inadequate mitophagy. As a receptor of mitophagy, we aimed to reveal the regulatory roles of optineurin (OPTN) on neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis of AD. METHODS: BV2 cells and APP/PS1 transgenic (Tg) mice were used as in vitro and in vivo experimental models to determine the regulatory roles of OPTN in neuroinflammation of AD. Sophisticated molecular technologies including quantitative (q) RT-PCR, western blot, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and immunofluorescence (IF) were employed to reveal the inherent mechanisms. RESULTS: As a consequence, key roles of OPTN in regulating neuroinflammation were identified by depressing the activity of absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasomes and receptor interacting serine/threonine kinase 1 (RIPK1)-mediated NF-κB inflammatory mechanisms. In detail, we found that expression of OPTN was downregulated, which resulted in activation of AIM2 inflammasomes due to a deficiency in mitophagy in APP/PS1 Tg mice. By ectopic expression, OPTN blocks the effects of Aß oligomer (Aßo) on activating AIM2 inflammasomes by inhibiting mRNA expression of AIM2 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a C-terminal caspase recruitment domain (ASC), leading to a reduction in the active form of caspase-1 and interleukin (IL)-1ß in microglial cells. Moreover, RIPK1 was also found to be negatively regulated by OPTN via ubiquitin protease hydrolysis, resulting in the synthesis of IL-1ß by activating the transcriptional activity of NF-κB in BV2 cells. As an E3 ligase, the UBAN domain of OPTN binds to the death domain (DD) of RIPK1 to facilitate its ubiquitination. Based on these observations, ectopically expressed OPTN in APP/PS1 Tg mice deactivated microglial cells and astrocytes via the AIM2 inflammasome and RIPK-dependent NF-κB pathways, leading to reduce neuroinflammation. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that OPTN can alleviate neuroinflammation through AIM2 and RIPK1 pathways, suggesting that OPTN deficiency may be a potential factor leading to the occurrence of AD.

5.
Environ Pollut ; 293: 118585, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848290

RESUMO

Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis) is one of the most popular and frequently consumed leafy vegetables. It was found that atmospheric PM2.5-Pb contributes to Pb accumulation in the edible leaves of Chinese cabbage via stomata in North China during haze seasons with high concentrations of fine particulate matter in autumn and winter. However, it is unclear whether both stomata and trichomes co-regulate foliar transfer of PM2.5-Pb from atmospheric deposition to the leaf of Chinese cabbage genotypes with trichomes. Field and hydroponic experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of foliar uptake of PM2.5-Pb on Pb accumulation in leaves using two genotypes of Chinese cabbage, one without trichomes and one with trichomes. It was verified that open stoma is a prominent pathway of foliar PM2.5-Pb transfer in the short-term exposure for 6 h, contributing 74.5% of Pb accumulation in leaves, whereas Pb concentrations in the leaves of with-trichome genotype in the rosette stage were 6.52- and 1.04-fold higher than that of without-trichome genotype in greenhouse and open field, respectively, which suggests that stomata and trichomes co-regulate foliar Pb uptake of from atmospheric PM2.5. Moreover, subcellular Pb in the leaves was distributed in the following order of cytoplasm (53.8%) > cell wall (38.5%)> organelle (7.8%), as confirmed through high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS). The Leadmium™ Green AM dye manifested that Pb in PM2.5 entered cellular space of trichomes and accumulated in the basal compartment, enhancing foliar Pb uptake in the edible leaves of cabbage. The results of these experiments are evidence that both stomata and trichomes are important pathways in the regulation of foliar Pb uptake and translocation in Chinese cabbage.

6.
Mater Horiz ; 8(5): 1348-1366, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846446

RESUMO

Radiation therapy (RT), including external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and internal radioisotope therapy (RIT), has been an indispensable strategy for cancer therapy in clinical practice in recent years. Ionized atoms and free radicals emitted from the nucleus of radioisotopes can cleave a single strand of DNA, inducing the apoptosis of cancer cells. Thus far, nuclides used for RIT could be classified into three main types containing alpha (α), beta (ß), and Auger particle emitters. In order to enhance the bioavailability and reduce the physiological toxicity of radioisotopes, various biomaterials have been utilized as multifunctional nanocarriers, including targeting molecules, macromolecular monoclonal antibodies, peptides, inorganic nanomaterials, and organic and polymeric nanomaterials. Therapeutic radioisotopes have been labeled onto these nanocarriers via different methods (chelating, chemical doping, encapsulating, displacement) to inhibit or kill cancer cells. With the continuous development of research in this respect, more promising biomaterials as well as novel therapeutic strategies have emerged to achieve the high-performance RIT of cancer. In this review article, we summarize recent advances in biomaterial-mediated RIT of cancer and provide guidance for non-experts to understand nuclear medicine and to conduct cancer radiotherapy.

7.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(11)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34832875

RESUMO

Exosomes are the small extracellular vesicles secreted by cells for intercellular communication. Exosomes are rich in therapeutic cargos such as microRNA (miRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), small interfering RNA (siRNA), DNA, protein, and lipids. Recently, many studies have focused on miRNAs as a promising therapeutic factor to support cartilage regeneration. Exosomes are known to contain a substantial amount of a variety of miRNAs. miRNAs regulate the post-transcriptional gene expression by base-pairing with the target messenger RNA (mRNA), leading to gene silencing. Several exosomal miRNAs have been found to play a role in cartilage regeneration by promoting chondrocyte proliferation and matrix secretion, reducing scar tissue formation, and subsiding inflammation. The exosomal miRNA cargo can be modulated using techniques such as cell transfection and priming as well as post-secretion modifications to upregulate specific miRNAs to enhance the therapeutic effect. Exosomes are delivered to the joints through direct injection or via encapsulation within a scaffold for sustained release. To date, exosome therapy for cartilage injuries has yet to be optimized as the ideal cell source for exosomes, and the dose and method of delivery have yet to be identified. More importantly, a deeper understanding of the role of exosomal miRNAs in cartilage repair is paramount for the development of more effective exosome therapy.

8.
Lancet Public Health ; 6(12): e888-e896, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major cause of non-cardia gastric cancer (NCGC), but its causal role in cardia gastric cancer (CGC) is unclear. Moreover, the reported magnitude of association with NCGC varies considerably, leading to uncertainty about population-based H pylori screening and eradication strategies in high-risk settings, particularly in China, where approximately half of all global gastric cancer cases occur. Our aim was to assess the associations of H pylori infection, both overall and for individual infection biomarkers, with the risks of NCGC and CGC in Chinese adults. METHODS: A case-cohort study was done in adults from the prospective China Kadoorie Biobank study, aged 30-79 years from ten areas in China (Qingdao, Haikou, Harbin, Suzhou, Liuzhou, Henan, Sichuan, Hunan, Gansu, and Zhejiang), and included 500 incident NCGC cases, 437 incident CGC cases, and 500 subcohort participants who were cancer-free and alive within the first two years since enrolment in 2004-08. H pylori biomarkers were measured in stored baseline plasma samples using a sensitive immunoblot assay (HelicoBlot 2.1), with adapted criteria to define H pylori seropositivity. Cox regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for NCGC and CGC associated with H pylori infection. These values were used to estimate the number of gastric cancer cases attributable to H pylori infection in China. FINDINGS: Of the 512 715 adults enrolled in the China Kadoorie Biobank between June, 2004, and July, 2008, 500 incident NCGC cases, 437 incident CGC cases, and 500 subcohort participants were selected for analysis. The seroprevalence of H pylori was 94·4% (95% CI 92·4-96·4) in NGCG, 92·2% (89·7-94·7) in CGC, and 75·6% (71·8-79·4) in subcohort participants. H pylori infection was associated with adjusted HRs of 5·94 (95% CI 3·25-10·86) for NCGC and 3·06 (1·54-6·10) for CGC. Among the seven individual infection biomarkers, cytotoxin-associated antigen had the highest HRs for both NCGC (HR 4·41, 95% CI 2·60-7·50) and CGC (2·94, 1·53-5·68). In this population, 78·5% of NCGC and 62·1% of CGC cases could be attributable to H pylori infection. H pylori infection accounted for an estimated 339 955 cases of gastric cancer in China in 2018. INTERPRETATION: Among Chinese adults, H pylori infection is common and is the cause of large numbers of gastric cancer cases. Population-based mass screening and the eradication of H pylori should be considered to reduce the burden of gastric cancer in high-risk settings. FUNDING: Cancer Research UK, Wellcome Trust, UK Medical Research Council, British Heart Foundation, Kadoorie Charitable Foundation, National Key Research and Development Program of China, and National Natural Science Foundation of China.

9.
Yi Chuan ; 43(11): 1023-1037, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815206

RESUMO

With the release of high-quality reference genomes assembled by long reads from the third-generation sequencing technology, as well as extensive re-sequencing and population genetic analysis, researchers found that a single reference genome does not represent the diversity within a species. The missing sequences on the reference genome result in an incomplete population genetic polymorphism map. The emergence of pan-genome can well repair the deficiency of single reference genome, which include core genome (responsible for basic biological functions and the main phenotypic characteristics within a species) and the variable genome (related to the genetic diversity or biological characteristics). According to the core and variable genome proportion, the types of pan-genomes can be either open or closed. Here, we review the current exploring of pan-genome for a range of species, to discuss the characteristics of pan-genome in various biological groups. The pan-genome of mammals are more likely closed, while the pan-genomes of microbes, angiosperms, and some invertebrates are likely non-closed. It is possible to complete the reference genome and obtain complete variation information through the pan-genomic study, which will contribute to the study of molecular mechanism for genetic diversity and phenotypic evolution.


Assuntos
Genoma , Genômica , Genoma/genética
10.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1844, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Variants in the ATP binding cassette protein subfamily D member 1 (ABCD1) gene are known to cause X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD). This study focused on the characteristics of ABCD1 variants in Chinese X-ALD families and elucidated the value of genetic approaches for X-ALD. METHODS: 68 male probands diagnosed as X-ALD were screened for ABCD1 variants by the Sanger sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) combined with long-range PCR. Prenatal diagnosis was performed in 20 foetuses of 17 probands' mothers. Descriptive statistics were used to summarise the gene variants and prenatal diagnosis characteristics and outcomes. RESULTS: This study allowed the identification of 61 variants occurring in 68 families, including 58 single nucleotide variants or small deletion/insertion variants and 3 large deletions. Three probands with no variants detected by next-generation sequencing were found to have variants by PCR-sequencing. Prenatal diagnosis found that 10 of the 20 foetuses had no variants in ABCD1. CONCLUSION: PCR primers that do not amplify the pseudogenes must be used for PCR-sequencing. MLPA combined with long-range PCR can detect large deletions and insertions, which are usually undetectable by PCR-sequencing. Prenatal diagnosis could help to prevent the birth of infants with X-ALD.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728472

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We examined the associations between long-term usual random plasma glucose (RPG) levels and cause-specific mortality risks among adults without known diabetes in China. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The China Kadoorie Biobank recruited 512,891 adults (59% women) aged 30-79 from 10 regions of China during 2004-2008. At baseline survey, and subsequent resurveys of a random subset of survivors, participants were interviewed and measurements collected, including on-site RPG testing. Cause of death was ascertained via linkage to local mortality registries. Cox regression yielded adjusted HR for all-cause and cause-specific mortality associated with usual levels of RPG. RESULTS: During median 11 years' follow-up, 37,214 deaths occurred among 452,993 participants without prior diagnosed diabetes or other chronic diseases. There were positive log-linear relationships between RPG and all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (n=14,209) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) (n=432) mortality down to usual RPG levels of at least 5.1 mmol/L. At RPG <11.1 mmol/L, each 1.0 mmol/L higher usual RPG was associated with adjusted HRs of 1.14 (95% CI 1.12 to 1.16), 1.16 (1.12 to 1.19) and 1.44 (1.22 to 1.70) for all-cause, CVD and CKD mortality, respectively. Usual RPG was positively associated with chronic liver disease (n=547; 1.45 (1.26 to 1.66)) and cancer (n=12,680; 1.12 (1.09 to 1.16)) mortality, but with comparably lower risks at baseline RPG ≥11.1 mmol/L. These associations persisted after excluding participants who developed diabetes during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Among Chinese adults without diabetes, higher RPG levels were associated with higher mortality risks from several major diseases, with no evidence of apparent thresholds below the cut-points for diabetes diagnosis.

12.
BMJ Open ; 11(11): e054265, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785558

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare hospital treatments for major stroke types in Chinese adults by stroke pathological types, sex, age, calendar year, hospital tier, region and other factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of medical records retrieved from 20 229 stroke cases in the China Kadoorie Biobank. SETTING: Ten diverse areas (five urban, five rural) in China. PARTICIPANTS: First-incident stroke cases who were recruited during an 11-year follow-up of 0.5M participants in the China Kadoorie Biobank. METHODS: Electronic copies of medical records of stroke cases were retrieved for clinical adjudication by local neurologists. Stroke cases were classified as ischaemic stroke (IS) (including lacunar infarction (LACI) and non-LACI (non-LACI)), intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and unspecified stroke types. RESULTS: Among 20 299 first-ever stroke cases, 17 306 (85%) had IS, 7123 had non-LACI, 6690 had LACI, 3493 had silent LACI, 2623 (13%) had ICH and 370 (2%) had SAH. Among IS cases, antiplatelet treatment was used by 64% (65% non-LACI, 66% LACI, 56% silent LACI), lipid-lowering by 50% (52% non-LACI, 53% LACI, 43% silent LACI) and blood pressure-lowering by ~42% of all IS types, with positive trends in the use of these treatments by calendar year and hospital tier. Among ICH cases, 53% used blood pressure-lowering and 10% used lipid-lowering treatments, respectively. In contrast, traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) were used by 59% of IS (50% non-LACI, 62% LACI, 74% silent LACI), 38% of ICH and 30% of SAH cases, with positive trends by calendar year and by hospital tier. CONCLUSIONS: Among IS cases, use of antiplatelet and lipid-lowering medications increased in recent years, but use of TCM still exceeded use of blood pressure-lowering treatment. In contrast, blood pressure-lowering treatment was widely used for ICH, but only half of all ICH cases used blood pressure-lowering treatment.

13.
Molecules ; 26(21)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770913

RESUMO

Chicken is known to be the most common meat type involved in food mislabeling and adulteration. Establishing a method to authenticate chicken content precisely and identifying chicken breeds as declared in processed food is crucial for protecting consumers' rights. Categorizing the authentication method into their respective omics disciplines, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, lipidomics, metabolomics, and glycomics, and the implementation of bioinformatics or chemometrics in data analysis can assist the researcher in improving the currently available techniques. Designing a vast range of instruments and analytical methods at the molecular level is vital for overcoming the technical drawback in discriminating chicken from other species and even within its breed. This review aims to provide insight and highlight previous and current approaches suitable for countering different circumstances in chicken authentication.

14.
iScience ; 24(12): 103398, 2021 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841232

RESUMO

Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) is a widely used method for structural characterization. Generally, low temperature is of great significance for improving the crystallographic diffraction quality. Herein we observe that this practice is not always effective for flexible metal-organic frameworks (f-MOFs). An abnormal crystallography, that is, more diffraction spots at a high angle and better resolution of diffraction data as the temperature increases in the f-MOF (1-g), is observed. XRD results reveal that 1-g has a reversible anisotropic thermal expansion behavior with a record-high c-axial positive expansion coefficient of 1,401.8 × 10-6 K-1. Calculation results indicate that the framework of 1-g has a more stable thermodynamic configuration as the temperature increases. Such configuration has lower-frequency vibration and may play a key role in promoting higher Bragg diffraction quality at room temperature. This work is of great significance for how to obtain high-quality SCXRD diffraction data.

15.
Glia ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767261

RESUMO

The brain requires an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients to maintain proper function as neuronal activity varies. This is achieved, in part, through neurovascular coupling mechanisms that mediate local increases in blood flow through the dilation of arterioles and capillaries. The role of astrocytes in mediating this functional hyperemia response is controversial. Specifically, the function of astrocyte Ca2+ signaling is unclear. Cortical arterioles dilate in the absence of astrocyte Ca2+ signaling, but previous work suggests that Ca2+ increases are necessary for capillary dilation. This question has not been fully addressed in vivo, however, and we have reexamined the role of astrocyte Ca2+ signaling in vessel dilation in the barrel cortex of awake, behaving mice. We recorded evoked vessel dilations and astrocyte Ca2+ signaling in response to whisker stimulation. Experiments were carried out on WT and IP3R2 KO mice, a transgenic model where astrocyte Ca2+ signaling is substantially reduced. Compared to WT mice at rest, Ca2+ signaling in astrocyte endfeet contacting capillaries increased by 240% when whisker stimulation evoked running. In contrast, Ca2+ signaling was reduced to 9% of WT values in IP3R2 KO mice. In all three conditions, however, the amplitude of capillary dilation was largely unchanged. In addition, the latency to the onset of astrocyte Ca2+ signaling lagged behind dilation onset in most trials, although a subset of rapid onset Ca2+ events with latencies as short as 0.15 s occurred. In summary, we found that whisker stimulation-evoked capillary dilations occurred independent of astrocyte Ca2+ increases in the cerebral cortex.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5080-5087, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738404

RESUMO

The present study explored the mechanism of action of Gynostemma pentaphyllum in the treatment of metabolism associa-ted fatty liver disease(MAFLD) by network pharmacology and molecular docking. The main active components and action targets of G. pentaphyllum were collected from TCMSP. Disease-related targets were obtained from GeneCards, OMIM and TTD, and the common targets of the three databases were screened out, which were converted to the genes with standard names by UniProt. The drug-disease common target genes were obtained through Venn tool and uploaded to STRING for the construction of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network. Cytoscape was used to construct and analyze the drug-active component-common target-disease network. The gene ontology(GO) analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the common targets by DAVID. Pymol was adopted to perform molecular docking of active components and the common targets and predict their binding ability. Twenty-four active components(such as gypenosides, quercetin and sitosterol) of G. pentaphyllum were screened out. Ninety-two targets were obtained and 54 common targets were identified. Key targets included TNF, IL6, PTGS2, TP53, CCL2 and VEGFA. GO analysis on biological processes, molecular functions and cellular components and KEGG pathway analysis were performed, and the results indicated that NF-κB, PI3 K-Akt, TNF and HIF-1 signaling pathways were mainly involved. Molecular docking results showed that gypenosides and quercetin had a strong binding ability to TNF, IL6 and PTGS2. The findings of this study revealed that the therapeutic efficacy of G. pentaphyllum on MAFLD might be achieved by resisting inflammation and oxidative stress and improving insulin resistance, providing ideas and a theoretical basis for the development and application of G. pentaphyllum in the treatment of MAFLD.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hepatopatias , Gynostemma , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais
17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(38): 6465-6475, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34720535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Synchronous liver metastasis (SLM) is an indicator of poor prognosis for colorectal cancer (CRC). Nearly 50% of CRC patients develop hepatic metastasis, with 15%-25% of them presenting with SLM. The evaluation of SLM in CRC is crucial for precise and personalized treatment. It is beneficial to detect its response to chemotherapy and choose an optimal treatment method. AIM: To construct prediction models based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-radiomics and clinical parameters to evaluate the chemotherapy response in SLM of CRC. METHODS: A total of 102 CRC patients with 223 SLM lesions were identified and divided into disease response (DR) and disease non-response (non-DR) to chemotherapy. After standardizing the MRI images, the volume of interest was delineated and radiomics features were calculated. The MRI-radiomics logistic model was constructed after methods of variance/Mann-Whitney U test, correlation analysis, and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator in feature selecting. The radiomics score was calculated. The receiver operating characteristics curves by the DeLong test were analyzed with MedCalc software to compare the validity of all models. Additionally, the area under curves (AUCs) of DWI, T2WI, and portal phase of contrast-enhanced sequences radiomics model (Ra-DWI, Ra-T2WI, and Ra-portal phase of contrast-enhanced sequences) were calculated. The radiomics-clinical nomogram was generated by combining radiomics features and clinical characteristics of CA19-9 and clinical N staging. RESULTS: The AUCs of the MRI-radiomics model were 0.733 and 0.753 for the training (156 lesions with 68 non-DR and 88 DR) and the validation (67 lesions with 29 non-DR and 38 DR) set, respectively. Additionally, the AUCs of the training and the validation set of Ra-DWI were higher than those of Ra-T2WI and Ra-portal phase of contrast-enhanced sequences (training set: 0.652 vs 0.628 and 0.633, validation set: 0.661 vs 0.575 and 0.543). After chemotherapy, the top four of twelve delta-radiomics features of Ra-DWI in the DR group belonged to gray-level run-length matrices radiomics parameters. The radiomics-clinical nomogram containing radiomics score, CA19-9, and clinical N staging was built. This radiomics-clinical nomogram can effectively discriminate the patients with DR from non-DR with a higher AUC of 0.809 (95% confidence interval: 0.751-0.858). CONCLUSION: MRI-radiomics is conducive to predict chemotherapeutic response in SLM patients of CRC. The radiomics-clinical nomogram, involving radiomics score, CA19-9, and clinical N staging is more effective in predicting chemotherapeutic response.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Nomogramas , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3295-3296, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722879

RESUMO

Tamarix taklamakanensis M. T. Liu, belonging to the genus Tamarix (family Tamaricaceae), is an endangered shrub endemic to arid basins in northwestern China. Most of species in this genus have high medicinal value. The complete chloroplast genome was reported in this study. The chloroplast genome with a total size of 156,177 bp consists of two inverted repeats (IR, 26,571 bp) separated by a large single-copy region (LSC, 84,778 bp) and a small single-copy region (SSC, 18,257 bp). Further annotation revealed the chloroplast genome contains 106 genes, including 73 protein coding genes, 29 tRNA genes, and 4 rRNA genes. A total of 64 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified in the chloroplast genome. This information will be useful for study on the evolution and genetic diversity of T. taklamakanensis in the future.

19.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients' recovery after surgery is the major concern for all perioperative clinicians. This study aims to minimize the side effects of peri-operative surgical stress and accelerate patients' recovery of gastrointestinal (GI) function and quality of life after colorectal surgeries, an enhanced recovery protocol based on pre-operative rehabilitation was implemented and its effect was explored. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted, patients were recruited from January 2018 to September 2019 in this study. Patients scheduled for elective colorectal surgeries were randomly allocated to receive either standardized enhanced recovery after surgery (S-ERAS) group or enhanced recovery after surgery based on pre-operative rehabilitation (group PR-ERAS). In the group PR-ERAS, on top of recommended peri-operative strategies for enhanced recovery, formatted rehabilitation exercises pre-operatively were carried out. The primary outcome was the quality of GI recovery measured with I-FEED scoring. Secondary outcomes were quality of life scores and strength of handgrip; the incidence of adverse events till 30 days post-operatively was also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 240 patients were scrutinized and 213 eligible patients were enrolled, who were randomly allocated to the group S-ERAS (n = 104) and group PR-ERAS (n = 109). The percentage of normal recovery graded by I-FEED scoring was higher in group PR-ERAS (79.0% vs. 64.3%, P < 0.050). The subscores of life ability and physical well-being at post-operative 72 h were significantly improved in the group PR-ERAS using quality of recovery score (QOR-40) questionnaire (P < 0.050). The strength of hand grip post-operatively was also improved in the group PR-ERAS (P < 0.050). The incidence of bowel-related and other adverse events was similar in both groups till 30 days post-operatively (P > 0.050). CONCLUSIONS: Peri-operative rehabilitation exercise might be another benevolent factor for early recovery of GI function and life of quality after colorectal surgery. Newer, more surgery-specific rehabilitation recovery protocol merits further exploration for these patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR-ONRC-14005096.

20.
Anim Cells Syst (Seoul) ; 25(5): 296-311, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745436

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the functional characteristics of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from a sheep model of traumatic temporomandibular joint (TMJ) fibrous and bony ankylosis. A sheep model of bilateral TMJ trauma-induced fibrous ankylosis on one side and bony ankylosis on the contralateral side was used. MSCs from fibrous ankylosed callus (FA-MSCs) or bony ankylosed callus (BA-MSCs) at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 8 after surgery were isolated and cultured. MSCs derived from the bone marrow of the mandibular condyle (BM-MSCs) were used as controls. The MSCs from the different sources were characterized morphologically, phenotypically, and functionally. Adherence and trilineage differentiation potential were presented in the ovine MSCs. These cell populations highly positively expressed MSC-associated specific markers, namely CD29, CD44, and CD166, but lacked CD31 and CD45 expressions. The BA-MSCs had higher clonogenic and proliferative potentials than the FA-MSCs. The BA-MSCs also showed higher osteogenic and chondrogenic potentials, but lower adipogenic capacity than the FA-MSCs. In addition, the BA-MSCs demonstrated higher chondrogenic, but lower osteogenic capacity than the BM-MSCs. Our study suggests that inhibition of the osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiations of MSCs might be a promising strategy for preventing bony ankylosis in the future.

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