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1.
Kardiologiia ; 59(2): 56-60, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853022

RESUMO

AIM: to assess clinical efficacy and expediency (appropriateness) of simultaneous single stage combined coronary stenting and closure of atrial septal defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of total number of patients who underwent endovascular correction of atrial septal defect (ASD) (n=91), in 6 (6.6 %) the procedure of endovascular repair of secondary ASD was combined with performed at same session oronary stenting. Mean age of these patients was 63±6.4 years. Mean diameter of ASD according to transesophageal echocardiography was 13.7±3.1 мм (from 10 to 17 mm). Two patients had dysplasia of atrial septum with pronounced aneurysmal protrusion in the right atrial cavity. Estimate of coronary arteries (CA) involvement SYNTAX score was 14.5±4.9. RESULTS: At initial stage we performed coronary stenting, then ASD closure with occluder. Technical success of combined endovascular procedures was 100 %. Six ASD occluders were implanted in 6 patients. Mean occluder diameter was 21±7,3 mm. Immediately after occluder implantation complete defect closure was achieved in 5 cases, in one case small residual shunt was observed. CA stenting procedure, in one patient after successful recanalization of chronic CA occlusion, in all cases was fulfilled without complications. At control examination after 13.5±1.5 months complete closure of defects was preserved. In all cases significant reduction of right heart chambers occurred. According to echocardiography right atrial volume decreased from 48.6±5.6 to 32.6±3.3 cm3, right ventricular volume - from 45.2±5.1 to 33.4±3.8 cm3, systolic pulmonary pressure fell from 49.7±8.6 to 32.6±6.9 mm Hg. According to control coronary angiography good effect of endovascular procedures was preserved. Tolerance to exercise rose from 68.5±11.8 до 85.3±12.4 W. CONCLUSION: Same time CA stenting and endovascular ASD closure appears to be safe and effective procedure. The strategy used was not associated with additive risk for a patient and shortened duration of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur ; 3(1): 21-7, 2000.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14600976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Twenty two patients with congestive cardiac failure treated surgically by dynamic cardiomyoplasty (CMP) with m. latissimus dorsi were examined. Myocardial perfusion was assessed with (199)TlCl scintigraphy combined with dipyridamole stress-test. In order to obtain direct evidence of myocardial perfusion from muscular flap we also injected a bolus of (99m)Tc into a. thoracodorsalis, with simultaneous blood sampling from coronary sinus. Haemodynamic parameters were assessed using radionuclide angiography. METHODS: In a year of follow-up all the patients were assigned to one of two groups: eleven patients demonstrated improvement in clinical status (first group) and in another group comprising eleven persons no positive effect or deterioration were obvious (second group). The patients of the first group before operation revealed two times less persistent defect size than patients of the second group. Analysis of integral index of persistent defect revealed more expressive differences between groups. Before the surgical treatment the patients with improvement in clinical status after cardiomyoplasty demonstrated greater size of reversible defect in comparison with patients of the second group. In the second group coronary fraction of thallium accumulation was 1.4 times higher in comparison to the first group, as the result of myocardial hypertrophy in patients with bad prognosis. There were no significant differences between the two groups in Il/m level before cardiomyoplasty. Before the surgical treatment the patients with improvement in clinical status after cardiomyoplasty demonstrated greater ejection fraction in comparison with patients of the second group. RESULTS: Cardiomyoplasty led to a decrease in the mean size of reversible defects due to indirect revascularisation. This hypothesis was testified to by the fact that in patients after cardiomyoplasty nuclide appeared in coronary sinus at 10-12th seconds after injection into artery thoracodorsalis through anastomoses between the latissimus dorsi muscle and the myocardium. The time of appearance of the second wave of rise gamma-counting in blood samples from coronary sinus reflects the repeated entry of radiopharmaceutical in myocardium after recirculation.

3.
J Card Surg ; 10(5): 573-9, 1995 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7488781

RESUMO

Thirty-five cardiomyoplasty procedures were performed in five patients with dilated and 30 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathies. Russian-made cardiomyostimulators (CMS) were implanted in these patients. Twenty-one patients underwent a one-step procedure using a left thoracotomy for cardiomyoplasty, while in 14 patients, a two-step procedure that included a mid-line sternotomy was carried out. During the average follow-up period of 9 +/- 2.1 months, studies were carried out that showed in survivors improved clinical functional status and decreased heart failure symptoms. Evidence of revascularization of the ischemic myocardium from the latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) wrap was obtained by angiography and radioactive scintigraphy. In five patients, the CMS had to be removed due to complications, and in all these patients, their clinical functional status deteriorated following the cessation of cardiomyostimulation.


Assuntos
Cardiomioplastia , Adolescente , Adulto , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/cirurgia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/cirurgia , Cardiomioplastia/efeitos adversos , Cardiomioplastia/instrumentação , Cardiomioplastia/métodos , Criança , Angiografia Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Eletrodos Implantados , Desenho de Equipamento , Seguimentos , Imagem do Acúmulo Cardíaco de Comporta , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Esterno/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Card Surg ; 8(2): 172-6, 1993 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8461501

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional state of latissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) during electrical stimulation following cardiomyoplasty. Both single pulses and bursts of impulses were used for electrical stimulation. In 15 dogs, studies were carried out for 2 months, while in 19 patients, the follow-up period after cardiomyoplasty was 10 +/- 3.1 months. The LDM was punctured by needle electrodes at various intervals following cardiomyoplasty, and the changes of the rheomyosignal (RMS) curve were registered on the "Reostim-06." During the follow-up study, it was found that: (1) signal amplitude decreased 30%; (2) the contraction duration of LDM increased 38%; (3) the contraction velocity decreased 43%; and (4) relaxation velocity decreased 61%. There is a correlation between LDM mechanical contractile force and RMS indices (r = 0.8). The RMS index was a function of the electrical burst duration and the number of impulses in the bursts. Thus, RMS parameters can characterize the functional state of LDM, and they may be used in designing a new generation of electromyostimulators for optimal LDM stimulation at different periods after cardiomyoplasty.


Assuntos
Circulação Assistida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Coração/fisiologia , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Animais , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Cães , Estimulação Elétrica , Humanos , Contração Muscular , Miocárdio
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