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1.
Haematologica ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440924

RESUMO

Pediatric-onset Evans syndrome (pES) is defined by both immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) before the age of 18 years. There have been no comprehensive long-term studies of this rare disease, which can be associated to various immunopathological manifestations (IMs). We report outcomes of the 151 patients with pES and more than 5 years of follow-up from the nationwide French prospective OBS'CEREVANCE cohort. Median age at final follow-up was 18.5 (6.8-50.0) years and the median follow-up period was 11.3 (5.1-38.0) years. At 10 years, ITP and AIHA were in sustained complete remission in 54.5% and 78.4% of patients, respectively. The frequency and number of clinical and biological IMs increased with age: at 20 years old, 74% had at least one clinical cIM. A wide range of cIMs occurred, mainly lymphoproliferation, dermatological, gastrointestinal/hepatic and pneumological IMs. The number of cIMs was associated with a subsequent increase in the number of second-line treatments received (other than steroids and immunoglobulins; hazard ratio, 1.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-1.60; p = 0.0002, Cox proportional hazards method). Survival at 15 years after diagnosis was 84%. Death occurred at a median age of 18 (1.7-31.5) years, and the most frequent cause was infection. The number of second-line treatments and severe/recurrent infections were independently associated with mortality. In conclusion, longterm outcomes of pES showed remission of cytopenias but frequent IMs linked to high secondline treatment burden. Mortality was associated to drugs and/or underlying immunodeficiencies, and adolescents-young adults are a high-risk subgroup.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454725

RESUMO

We included 255 patients from the L.E.A. French long-term follow-up cohort. All had received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and/or testicular radiation for childhood acute leukemia and were older than 18 years at last L.E.A. evaluation. Total testosterone deficiency was defined as a <12 nmol/l level or by substitutive therapy, partial deficiency as normal testosterone with elevated luteinizing hormone (>10 UI/l). After myeloablative total body irradiation (n = 178), 55.6% had total deficiency, 15.7% partial deficiency, and 28.7% were normal. A 4-6 Gy testicular boost and a younger age at HSCT increased significantly the risk. After a Busulfan-containing myeloablative conditioning regimen (n = 53), 28.3% had total deficiency, 15.1% partial deficiency, 56.6% were normal (62.5% vs. 0% in patients without or with additional testicular radiation). A 24-Gy testicular radiation without HSCT induced total or partial deficiency in 71.4% and 28.6%, respectively (n = 21). Total testosterone deficiency increased the risk of metabolic syndrome: 25% vs. 12.1% in men with partial testosterone deficiency and 8.8% when Leydig cell function was normal (p = 0.031).

3.
Bull Cancer ; 108(1): 55-66, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419531

RESUMO

The editorial committee of the Bulletin du Cancer is proud to comply with his annual analysis of some of the worldwide updates in oncology that emerge in 2020. We know that all new breakthroughs will not be addressed and apologise for not being comprehensive, but we hope that the topics deciphered herein will bring the reader interesting information in his daily practice in gyneco-oncology, uro-oncology, neuro-oncology, digestive oncology, pneumo-oncology, hemato-oncology, pediatric oncology, or in palliative care.

5.
J Pediatr ; 2020 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe 4 subgroups of pediatric patients treated with splenectomy, hydroxychloroquine, azathioprine, or rituximab as the first-option, second-line treatment for chronic immune thrombocytopenia. STUDY DESIGN: Selection of patients with chronic immune thrombocytopenia from the French national prospective cohort of pediatric autoimmune cytopenia OBS'CEREVANCE and VIGICAIRE study, treated by splenectomy, hydroxychloroquine, azathioprine, or rituximab as a first second-line treatment. RESULTS: For 137 patients, treated between 1989 and 2016, the median follow-up after diagnosis and after treatment initiation was 8.5 (2.8-26.4) years and 4.7 (1.1-25.1) years, respectively. Median age at diagnosis and at initiation of treatment were 9 (0.7; 16) and 12 (2; 18.1) years, respectively without significant difference between subgroups. For the whole cohort, 24-month event-free survival was 62% (95% CI 55; 71). It was 85% (95% CI 77; 95) for the 56 patients treated with splenectomy, 60% (95% CI 44; 84) for the 23 patients treated with rituximab, 46% (95% CI 30; 71) for the 24 patients treated with azathioprine, and 37% (95% CI 24; 59) for the 34 patients treated with hydroxychloroquine (log-rank P < .0001). For the splenectomy subgroup, being older than 10 years at splenectomy tended to improve event-free survival (P = .05). Female teenagers with antinuclear antibody positivity benefited from hydroxychloroquine therapy. CONCLUSIONS: This national study, limiting pitfalls in the analysis of the effects of second-line therapies, showed that splenectomy remains the treatment associated with the better response at 24 months.

6.
J Exp Med ; 217(11)2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812031

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) preferentially infects epithelial cells and B lymphocytes and sometimes T and NK lymphocytes. Persistence of EBV-infected cells results in severe lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs). Diagnosis of EBV-driven T or NK cell LPD and chronic active EBV diseases (CAEBV) is difficult, often requiring biopsies. Herein, we report a flow-FISH cytometry assay that detects cells expressing EBV-encoded small RNAs (EBERs), allowing rapid identification of EBV-infected cells among PBMCs. EBV-infected B, T, and/or NK cells were detectable in various LPD conditions. Diagnosis of CAEBV in 22 patients of Caucasian and African origins was established. All exhibited circulating EBV-infected T and/or NK cells, highlighting that CAEBV is not restricted to native American and Asian populations. Proportions of EBV-infected cells correlated with blood EBV loads. We showed that EBV-infected T cells had an effector memory activated phenotype, whereas EBV-infected B cells expressed plasma cell differentiation markers. Thus, this method achieves accurate and unambiguous diagnoses of different forms of EBV-driven LPD and represents a powerful tool to study their pathophysiological mechanisms.

8.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 66: 101706, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32247207

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Wilms' tumor is the most frequently diagnosed renal tumor in children. Little is known about its etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential role of specific exposures related to parental habits such as parental smoking, maternal alcohol consumption and the use of household pesticides during pregnancy. METHODS: The ESTELLE study was a nationwide case-control study that included 117 Wilms' tumor cases and 1100 control children from the general French population, frequency-matched by age and gender. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals. RESULTS: After controlling for matching variables and potential confounders, the maternal use of any type of pesticide during pregnancy was associated with the risk of Wilms' tumor in children (OR 1.6 [95 % CI 1.1-2.3]). Insecticides were the most commonly reported type of pesticide and there was a positive association with their use (OR 1.7 [95 % CI 1.1-2.6]. The association was stronger when they were used more often than once a month (OR 1.9 [95 % CI 1.2-3.0]. Neither maternal smoking during pregnancy nor paternal smoking during preconception/pregnancy was associated with a risk of Wilms' tumor (ORs 1.1[95 % CI 0.7-1.8] and 1.1 [95 % CI 0.7-1.7], respectively). No association was observed with maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy (OR 1.2 [95 % CI 0.8-2.0]). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest an association between the maternal use of household pesticides during pregnancy and the risk of Wilms' tumor.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Hábitos , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Pais/psicologia , Assistência Perinatal/métodos , Praguicidas/efeitos adversos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Tumor de Wilms/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
9.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(9): 102525, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240856

RESUMO

Azathioprine (AZA), an oral immunosuppressant, is safe during pregnancy. Some reports suggested different impairments in the offspring of mothers with autoimmune diseases (AI) exposed in utero to AZA. These observations are available from retrospective studies or case reports. However, data with respect to the long-term safety in the antenatally exposed child are still lacking. The aim of this study is to summarize the current knowledge in this field and to focus on the need for a prospective study on this population. We performed a PubMed search using several search terms. The actual data show that although the risk of congenital anomalies in offspring, as well as the infertility risk, are similar to those found in general population, there is a higher incidence of prematurity, of lower weight at birth and an intra-uterine delay of development. There is also an increased risk of materno- fetal infections, especially cytomegalovirus infection. Some authors raise the interrogations about neurocognitive impairment. Even though the adverse outcomes might well be a consequence of maternal illness and disease activity, interest has been raised about a contribution of this drug. However, the interferences between the external agent (in utero exposure to AZA), with the host (child genetic susceptibility, immune system anomalies, emotional status), environment (public health, social context, availability of health care), economic, social, and behavioral conditions, cultural patterns, are complex and represent confounding factors. In conclusion, it is necessary to perform studies on the medium and long-term outcome of children born by mothers with autoimmune diseases, treated with AZA, in order to show the safety of AZA exposure. Only large-scale population studies with long-term follow-up will allow to formally conclude in this field. TAKE HOME MESSAGES.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Azatioprina/administração & dosagem , Azatioprina/efeitos adversos , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(6): e28201, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver metastases are rare in children with Wilms tumor (WT), and their impact on the outcome is unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The French cohort of patients with WT presenting liver metastases at diagnosis and enrolled in the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) 2001 study was reviewed. RESULTS: From 2002 to 2012, 906 French patients were enrolled in the SIOP2001 trial. Among them, 131 (14%) presented with stage IV WT and 18 (1.9%) had liver metastases at diagnosis. Isolated liver metastases were displayed in four of them. After preoperative chemotherapy, persistent liver disease was reported in 14/18 patients, and 13 of them underwent metastasectomy after nephrectomy. In resected liver lesions, the same histology of the primary tumor was reported for three patients, blastemal cells without anaplasia were identified in one patient with DA-WT, and post-chemotherapy necrosis/fibrosis was identified for the other 10 patients. For the four patients who had liver and lung surgery, both sites had nonviable cells with post-chemotherapy necrosis/fibrosis. Six patients had hepatic radiotherapy. Sixteen patients achieved primary complete remission and were alive at the last follow-up (median follow-up: 6.4 years). The only two deceased patients presented diffuse anaplasia histology. The five-year EFS and OS were 83% (60%-94%) and 88% (66%-97%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Liver involvement does not appear to be an adverse prognostic factor in metastatic WT. The role of hepatic surgery and radiotherapy remains unclear, and should be carefully considered in case of persistent liver metastases, according to histology and radiological response to other metastatic sites.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Metastasectomia/mortalidade , Nefrectomia/mortalidade , Tumor de Wilms/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Tumor de Wilms/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/cirurgia
11.
Br J Haematol ; 189(5): 931-942, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130726

RESUMO

Childhood chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (cITP) is a rare disease. In severe cases, there is no evidence for the optimal therapeutic strategy. Our aim was to describe the real-life management of non-selected children with cITP at diagnosis. Since 2004, patients less than 18 years old with cITP have been enrolled in the national prospective cohort, OBS'CEREVANCE. From 1990 to 2014, in 29 centres, 392 children were diagnosed with cITP. With a median follow-up of six years (2·0-25), 45% did not need second-line therapy, and 55% (n = 217) received one or more second lines, mainly splenectomy (n = 108), hydroxychloroquine (n = 61), rituximab (n = 61) or azathioprine (n = 40). The overall five-year further second-line treatment-free survival was 56% [95% CI 49·5-64.1]. The use of splenectomy significantly decreased over time. Hydroxychloroquine was administered to children with positive antinuclear antibodies, more frequently older and girls, and reached 55% efficacy. None of the patients died. Ten years after the initial diagnosis, 55% of the 56 followed children had achieved complete remission. Children with cITP do not need second-line treatments in 45% of cases. Basing the treatment decision on the pathophysiological pathways is challenging, as illustrated by ITP patients with positive antinuclear antibodies treated with hydroxychloroquine.

12.
Cancer Causes Control ; 31(5): 491-501, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Wilms tumor (WT), or nephroblastoma, is an embryonic tumor that constitutes the most common renal tumor in children. Little is known about the etiology of WT. The aim of this study was to investigate whether maternal or perinatal characteristics were associated with the risk of WT. METHODS: The ESTELLE study is a national-based case-control study that included 117 cases of WT and 1,100 controls younger than 11 years old. The cases were children diagnosed in France in 2010-2011 and the controls were frequency matched with cases by age and gender. The mothers of case and control children responded to a telephone questionnaire addressing sociodemographic and perinatal characteristics, childhood environment, and lifestyle. Unconditional logistic regression models adjusted on potential cofounders were used to estimate the odds ratios (OR) and their confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: High birth weight and the presence of congenital malformation were associated with WT (OR 1.9 [95% CI 1.0-3.7] and OR 2.5 [95% CI 1.1-5.8], respectively). No association with breastfeeding or folic acid supplementation was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Although potential recall bias cannot be excluded, our findings reinforce the hypothesis that high birth weight and the presence of congenital malformation may be associated with an increased risk of WT. Further investigations are needed to further elucidate the possible role of maternal characteristics in the etiology of WT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Tumor de Wilms/patologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mães , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 18(1): 1, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify early clinical and laboratory features that distinguish acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in children presenting with persistent bone or joint pain for at least 1 month. METHODS: We performed a multicenter case-control study and reviewed medical records of children who initially presented with bone or joint pain lasting for at least 1 month, all of whom were given a secondary diagnosis of JIA or ALL, in four French University Hospitals. Each patient with ALL was paired by age with two children with JIA. Logistic regression was used to compare clinical and laboratory data from the two groups. RESULTS: Forty-nine children with ALL and 98 with JIA were included. The single most important feature distinguishing ALL from JIA was the presence of hepatomegaly, splenomegaly or lymphadenopathy; at least one of these manifestations was present in 37 cases with ALL, but only in 2 controls with JIA, for an odds ratio (OR) of 154 [95%CI: 30-793] (regression coefficient: 5.0). If the presence of these findings is missed or disregarded, multivariate analyses showed that non-articular bone pain and/or general symptoms (asthenia, anorexia or weight loss) (regression coefficient: 4.8, OR 124 [95%CI: 11.4-236]), neutrophils < 2 × 109/L (regression coefficient: 3.9, OR 50 [95%CI: 4.3-58]), and platelets < 300 × 109/L (regression coefficient: 2.6, OR 14 [95%CI: 2.3-83.9]) were associated with the presence of ALL (area under the ROC curve: 0.96 [95%CI: 0.93-0.99]). CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings we propose the following preliminary decision tree to be tested in prospective studies: in children presenting with at least 1 month of osteoarticular pain and no obvious ALL in peripheral smear, perform a bone marrow examination if hepatomegaly, splenomegaly or lymphadenopathy is present. If these manifestations are absent, perform a bone marrow examination if there is fever or elevated inflammatory markers associated with non-articular bone pain, general symptoms (asthenia, anorexia or weight loss), neutrophils < 2 × 109/L or platelets < 300 × 109/L.


Assuntos
Artralgia/etiologia , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Artrite Juvenil/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Árvores de Decisões , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Hepatomegalia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1224, 2020 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31988326

RESUMO

The genetic etiology of childhood cancers still remains largely unknown. It is therefore essential to develop novel strategies to unravel the spectrum of pediatric cancer genes. Statistical network modeling techniques have emerged as powerful methodologies for enabling the inference of gene-disease relationship and have been performed on adult but not pediatric cancers. We performed a deep multi-layer understanding of pan-cancer transcriptome data selected from the Treehouse Childhood Cancer Initiative through a co-expression network analysis. We identified six modules strongly associated with pediatric tumor histotypes that were functionally linked to developmental processes. Topological analyses highlighted that pediatric cancer predisposition genes and potential therapeutic targets were central regulators of cancer-histotype specific modules. A module was related to multiple pediatric malignancies with functions involved in DNA repair and cell cycle regulation. This canonical oncogenic module gathered most of the childhood cancer predisposition genes and clinically actionable genes. In pediatric acute leukemias, the driver genes were co-expressed in a module related to epigenetic and post-transcriptional processes, suggesting a critical role of these pathways in the progression of hematologic malignancies. This integrative pan-cancer study provides a thorough characterization of pediatric tumor-associated modules and paves the way for investigating novel candidate genes involved in childhood tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Estatísticos , Neoplasias/etiologia , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas/métodos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/fisiologia , Integração de Sistemas , Transcriptoma/genética
15.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(10): 1075-1085, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although some specific genetic syndromes such as neurofibromatosis (NF) have been identified as risk factor of childhood brain tumors (CBT), the potential role of inherited susceptibility in CBT has yet to be elucidated. METHODS: To further investigate this, we conducted a pooled analysis of two nationwide case-control studies ESCALE and ESTELLE. The mothers of 509 CBT cases and 3,102 controls aged under 15 years who resided in France at diagnosis/interview, frequency-matched by age and gender, responded to a telephone interview conducted by trained interviewers. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression. RESULTS: CBT was significantly associated with the family history of cancer in relatives (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.0-1.5). The OR was slightly higher for maternal relatives than for paternal relatives, and when at least two relatives had a history of cancer. CBT was significantly associated with a family history of brain tumor (OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.3-3.7). This association seemed stronger for first-degree relatives (mother, father, and siblings), for whom, by contrast, no association was seen for cancers other than CBT. No specificity by CBT subtypes or by age of the children were found for any of these findings. CONCLUSION: Our findings support the hypothesis of a familial susceptibility of CBT, not due to being a known NF carrier.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Família , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Anamnese , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 702-712, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401750

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) are at risk of serious complications. However, data on the incidence and causes of emergency hospital admissions are scarce. The primary objective of the present study was to describe emergency hospital admissions among patients with PID, with a view to identifying "at-risk" patient profiles. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational 12-month multicenter study in France via the CEREDIH network of regional PID reference centers from November 2010 to October 2011. All patients with PIDs requiring emergency hospital admission were included. RESULTS: A total of 200 admissions concerned 137 patients (73 adults and 64 children, 53% of whom had antibody deficiencies). Thirty admissions were reported for 16 hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. When considering the 170 admissions of non-transplant patients, 149 (85%) were related to acute infections (respiratory tract infections and gastrointestinal tract infections in 72 (36%) and 34 (17%) of cases, respectively). Seventy-seven percent of the admissions occurred during winter or spring (December to May). The in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (12 patients); death was related to a severe infection in 11 cases (8%) and Epstein-Barr virus-induced lymphoma in 1 case. Patients with a central venous catheter (n = 19, 13.9%) were significantly more hospitalized for an infection (94.7%) than for a non-infectious reason (5.3%) (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the annual incidence of emergency hospital admission among patients with PID is 3.4%. The leading cause of emergency hospital admission was an acute infection, and having a central venous catheter was associated with a significantly greater risk of admission for an infectious episode.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Hospitalização , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/epidemiologia , Adulto , Criança , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Doenças Transmissíveis/etiologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/diagnóstico , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/etiologia , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária/terapia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Blood ; 134(1): 9-21, 2019 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940614

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare severe autoimmune disorder characterized by the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. In most cases, the underlying cause is unknown. We sought to identify genetic defects in pediatric ES (pES), based on a hypothesis of strong genetic determinism. In a national, prospective cohort of 203 patients with early-onset ES (median [range] age at last follow-up: 16.3 years ([1.2-41.0 years]) initiated in 2004, 80 nonselected consecutive individuals underwent genetic testing. The clinical data were analyzed as a function of the genetic findings. Fifty-two patients (65%) received a genetic diagnosis (the M+ group): 49 carried germline mutations and 3 carried somatic variants. Thirty-two (40%) had pathogenic mutations in 1 of 9 genes known to be involved in primary immunodeficiencies (TNFRSF6, CTLA4, STAT3, PIK3CD, CBL, ADAR1, LRBA, RAG1, and KRAS), whereas 20 patients (25%) carried probable pathogenic variants in 16 genes that had not previously been reported in the context of autoimmune disease. Lastly, no genetic abnormalities were found in the remaining 28 patients (35%, the M- group). The M+ group displayed more severe disease than the M- group, with a greater frequency of additional immunopathologic manifestations and a greater median number of lines of treatment. Six patients (all from the M+ group) died during the study. In conclusion, pES was potentially genetically determined in at least 65% of cases. Systematic, wide-ranging genetic screening should be offered in pES; the genetic findings have prognostic significance and may guide the choice of a targeted treatment.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/genética , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/imunologia , Trombocitopenia/genética , Trombocitopenia/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
18.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0212107, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Visual outcome is one of the main issues in the treatment of optic pathway glioma in childhood. Although the prognostic factors of low vision have been discussed extensively, no reliable indicators for visual loss exist. Therefore, we aimed to define initial and evolving factors associated with long-term vision loss. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter historical cohort study of children treated in France with up-front BB-SFOP chemotherapy between 1990 and 2004. Visual acuity performed at the long-term follow-up visit or within 6 months prior was analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the effects of clinical and radiological factors on long-term visual outcome. FINDINGS: Of the 180 patients in the cohort, long-term visual acuity data were available for 132 (73.3%) patients (median follow-up: 14.2 years; range: 6.1-25.6). At the last follow-up, 61/132 patients (46.2%) had impaired vision, and 35 of these patients (57.3%) were partially sighted or blind. Multivariate analysis showed that factors associated with a worse prognosis for long-term visual acuity were an age at diagnosis of < 1 year (OR 3.5 [95% CI: 1.1-11.2], p = 0.04), tumor extent (OR 4.7 [95% CI: 1.2-19.9], p = 0.03), intracranial hypertension requiring one or more surgical procedures (OR 5.6 [95% CI: 1.8-18.4], p = 0.003), and the need for additional treatment after initial BB-SFOP chemotherapy (OR 3.5 [95% CI: 1.1-11.9], p = 0.04). NF1 status did not appear as a prognostic factor, but in non-NF1 patients, a decrease in tumor volume with contrast enhancement after BB-SFOP chemotherapy was directly associated with a better visual prognosis (OR 0.8 [95% CI: 0.8-0.9], p = 0.04). INTERPRETATION: Our study confirms that a large proportion of children with optic pathway glioma have poor long-term outcomes of visual acuity. These data suggest new prognostic factors for visual acuity, but these results need to be confirmed further by large- and international-scale studies.


Assuntos
Glioma do Nervo Óptico/terapia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Tratamento Farmacológico/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Glioma/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
19.
Bull Cancer ; 106(3): 206-215, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30638898

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children has a pejorative prognosis and justifies to be treated by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). A minimal residual disease (MRD) before transplantation is a major part of prognosis. Blinatumomab, a bispecific antibody CD19+/CD3+, allowed to achieve a cytologic and molecular complete remission in adults with refractory B-precursor ALL. This retrospective study analyses results from a pediatric cohort treated by blinatumomab thanks to an interregional structuring consortium. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients between 0 and 23 years old, from the 7 centers of the french "Grand Ouest" interregional network, treated by blinatumomab for a relapsed or refractory ALL, from January 2015 to January 2018, were included. The efficiency of blinatumomab was assessed in terms of complete remission, minimal residual disease, overall survival, and tolerability of treatment. RESULTS: Thirteen of 18 patients achieved a complete remission, with negative minimal residual disease for ten of them. Fourteen patients proceeded to stem cell transplantation,. Eight out of 14 patients obtained long term remission after HSCT. As far as tolerance is concerned, no serious adverse event, neurological or psychiatric disorder, was observed. CONCLUSION: Thanks to an interregional network collaboration, all children with high risk ALL coming from the western french interregion could be treated by blinatumomab. Blinatumomab offered good hematological conditions to undergo HSCT with a good tolerability.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , França , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Br J Haematol ; 183(4): 608-617, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421536

RESUMO

Neurodegenerative (ND) complications in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) are a late-onset but dramatic sequelae for which incidence and risk factors are not well defined. Based on a national prospective registry of paediatric LCH patients, we determined the incidence rate of clinical ND LCH (cND-LCH) and analysed risk factors, taking into account disease extent and molecular characteristics. Among 1897 LCH patients, 36 (1·9%) were diagnosed with a cND-LCH. The 10-year cumulative incidence of cND-LCH was 4·1%. cND-LCH typically affected patients previously treated for a multisystem, risk organ-negative LCH, represented in 69·4% of cND-LCH cases. Pituitary gland, skin and base skull/orbit bone lesions were more frequent (P < 0·001) in cND-LCH patients compared to those without cND-LCH (respectively 86·1% vs. 12·2%, 75·0% vs. 34·2%, and 63·9% vs. 28·4%). The 'cND susceptible patients' (n = 671) i.e., children who had experienced LCH disease with pituitary or skull base or orbit bone involvement, had a 10-year cND risk of 7·8% vs. 0% for patients who did not meet these criteria. Finally, BRAFV 600E status added important information among these cND susceptible patients, with the 10-year cND risk of 33·1% if a BRAFV 600E mutation was present compared to 2·9% if it was absent (P = 0·002).


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/metabolismo , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/patologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/metabolismo , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia , Fatores de Risco
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