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1.
Cornea ; 38(4): 419-425, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30681514

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the number of discarded donated corneas and the causes associated with discard in southern Brazil. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional, and analytic study of donor corneal discards and their associated factors and geospatial distribution was based on a macroregional strategy conducted from 2011 to 2015 in Paraná, southern Brazil. The dataset included all cornea donations from patients who died of cardiac arrest at ages between 3 and 70 years. RESULTS: A total of 9290 donor corneas were identified from 4645 donor patients; of these corneas, 4235 (45.6%) were discarded and 5055 (54.4%) transplanted. Mean age of the donors was 51.13 ± 14.30 years. The main causes of discard were positive serology (49.6%), corneal viability (19.8%), corneal tissue quality (8.5%), and others (16.0%). The discard rate was higher in the 50 to 64 year age group. CONCLUSIONS: The corneal discard rate was high in all macroregions studied, with positive serology, viability, and quality of the donated corneas being the main causes of discard. Discards were more prevalent in older age groups (50-64 years and 65 or above age groups). Considering the presented results, the assessment process of potential cornea donors should be changed to reduce losses and costs.


Assuntos
Transplante de Córnea/estatística & dados numéricos , Bancos de Olhos/estatística & dados numéricos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Córnea/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 26(4): 360-368, out.-dez. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-984154

RESUMO

Abstract Background Traffic accidents are a major global public health problem with an impact on morbidity and mortality. Objective The aim of this study was to analyze the mortality trend from road accidents among young adults. Method An ecological time-series study was performed of the deaths of young (15-24 years old) in traffic accidents in the state of Parana, Brazil from 1996 to 2013. Mortality data was obtained from the Mortality Information System. Mortality rates were calculated and the trend analysis was performed through polynomial regression models. A trend was considered significant when the estimated model obtained a p-value <0.05. Accidents involving tricycles were excluded from the analysis (58 cases). Results Of the 12,063 deaths from road accidents, 82.0% were male. There was a significant and growing trend of accident mortality rates involving motorcyclists and car and pick-up truck occupants, and a decreasing trend of fatal accidents involving pedestrians. The average mortality rate for accidents involving motorcyclists was 10 deaths per 100,000 residents, an increase of 1.13 per year. Accidents involving car occupants increased annually by 0.43 and accidents involving pick-up truck occupants by 0.01. Conclusion There was a significant increasing trend for fatalities of both genders, especially motorcyclists and car occupants. The pedestrian mortality trend has shown a decreasing due to their lower exposure.


Resumo Introdução Os acidentes de trânsito são um grande problema de saúde pública global com impacto na morbimortalidade. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a tendência de mortalidade dos acidentes de trânsito entre jovens adultos. Método Trata-se de um estudo ecológico, de séries temporais dos óbitos ocorridos por acidente de transporte terrestre entre jovens (15 a 24 anos) residentes no Estado do Paraná, Brasil, no período de 1996 a 2013. Os dados de mortalidade foram obtidos no Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM). Calcularam-se os coeficientes de mortalidade e realizou-se a análise de tendência por meio de modelos de regressão polinomial. Acidentes envolvendo triciclos foram excluídos da análise (58 casos). Resultados Dos 12.063 óbitos ocorridos por acidentes de transporte, 82% eram com homens. Houve tendência crescente e significativa para os coeficientes de mortalidade por acidentes para ambos os sexos ocorridos com motociclistas e ocupantes de automóveis e caminhonetes. O coeficiente médio de mortalidade de acidentes envolvendo motociclistas foi de 10 óbitos por 100 mil residentes, com aumento de 1,93 ao ano para homens e de 0,31 para mulheres (r2 = 0,94). Acidentes que envolviam automóveis mostraram tendência crescente com aumento anual de 0,43, e acidentes envolvendo caminhonetes, de 0,01. Conclusão Houve aumento na tendência de fatalidades em ambos os sexos, especialmente entre motociclistas e ocupantes de automóveis. A mortalidade entre pedestres mostrou tendência decrescente devido à menor exposição.

3.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 21(247): 2513-2517, dez.2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-970954

RESUMO

Objetiva-se analisar a influência da idade materna com os desfechos perinatais em gestações de alto risco. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, descritivo com abordagem quantitativa. O estudo foi composto por gestantes de alto risco atendidas de setembro de 2012 a setembro de 2017. A variável independente foi a idade materna e as variáveis dependentes foram aquelas relacionadas com o recém-nascido: baixo peso ao nascer (< 2.500 g), prematuridade (idade gestacional < 37 semanas), baixo índice de Apgar no 1° e 5º minutos de vida (< 7), óbito fetal e óbito neonatal. Verificou-se que as adolescentes (≤19 anos) possuem chances maiores de terem filhos com baixo peso ao nascer (p=0,008), baixo escore de Apgar no 1° minuto (<7) (p<0,001) e óbito neonatal (p=0,037). No grupo de gestantes, ≥ 35 anos (gestação tardia), observa-se que estas possuem maiores chances de terem filhos prematuros (p=0,019). Os resultados deste estudo apontaram que na gestação de alto risco a idade materna também é um fator que está associado aos desfechos perinatais desfavoráveis. O estudo identificou associação da prematuridade com a idade avançada na gestação e o baixo peso ao nascer, baixo escore de Apgar no 1° minuto e óbito neonatal com a gestação na adolescência.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Idade Materna , Gravidez de Alto Risco , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Saúde Materno-Infantil
4.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 21(247): 2524-2530, dez.2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-970966

RESUMO

Objetiva-se identificar fatores que promovam falhas no cuidado obstétrico e comprometam a segurança da gestante e do bebê. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, realizada nas bases de dados: MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF, no período de janeiro de 2006 a janeiro de 2016 com uso das palavras-chaves: "enfermagem", "segurança do paciente", "obstetrícia" e "maternidade". Foram selecionados oito estudos elegíveis. A análise dos artigos resultou nas categorias: Comunicação interpessoal e trabalho em equipe no cuidado obstétrico e práticas e condutas que afetam a assistência segura à saúde materna e perinatal. Conclui-se que para um cuidado seguro, é necessário cuidados respaldados pelas técnicas fundamentadas na literatura em conjunto ao comprometimento profissional e visão holística do paciente, para que possa oferecer uma assistência materno-infantil segura.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Saúde Materno-Infantil , Segurança do Paciente , Enfermagem Obstétrica , Publicações Científicas e Técnicas , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil
5.
SMAD, Rev. eletrônica saúde mental alcool drog ; 14(4): 211-218, out.-dez. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1004520

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: analisar as repercussões perinatais do uso de drogas por gestantes atendidas em um ambulatório de alto risco. MÉTODO: estudo caso-controle, no qual foram avaliados 920 prontuários, no período de 2012-2013. O grupo caso foi constituído pelas gestantes usuárias de drogas lícitas/ilícitas (41) e o controle por gestantes de risco não usuárias (82). RESULTADOS: as gestantes usuárias apresentaram risco aumentado para prematuridade (RR=2,64, p=0,02), baixo peso ao nascer (RR=5,42, p=0,01) e baixo índice de Apgar no 1º minuto (RR=2,97, p=0,01). CONCLUSÃO: os resultados indicam que gestantes usuárias de drogas apresentam desfechos perinatais desfavoráveis à gestação.


OBJECTIVE: to analyze the perinatal repercussions of drug use by pregnant women treated in a high risk outpatient clinic. METHOD: a case-control study in which 920 medical records were evaluated in the period 2012-2013. The case group consisted of pregnant women who used licit/illicit drugs (41) and the control group of non-user pregnant women (82). RESULTS: pregnant women using drugs presented increased risk for prematurity (RR = 2.64, p = 0.02), low birth weight (RR = 5.42, p = 0.01) and low one-minute Apgar score (RR = 2.97, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: the results indicate that pregnant women who use drugs have unfavorable perinatal outcomes during gestation.


OBJETIVO: analizar los resultados perinatales de consumo de drogas por mujeres embarazadas en una clínica de alto riesgo. MÉTODO: estudio de casos y controles, que evaluó 920 registros médicos, en 2012-2013. El grupo de casos estaba compuesto de las mujeres embarazadas que drogas lícitas/ilegales (41) y el control del riesgo de las mujeres embarazadas no consumidores (82). RESULTADOS: las mujeres embarazadas que se encontraban en mayor riesgo de parto prematuro (RR = 2,64, p = 0,02), bajo peso al nacer (RR = 5,42, p = 0,01) y la puntuación de Apgar baja a 1 minuto (RR = 2,97, p = 0,01). CONCLUSIÓN: los resultados indican que las mujeres embarazadas que tienen las drogas adversos del embarazo los resultados perinatales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Drogas Ilícitas , Enfermagem Materno-Infantil , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias
6.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 71(suppl 6): 2628-2634, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience of caring for a person with Parkinson's Disease. METHOD: We used the qualitative study and thematic analysis with family caregivers of people with Parkinson's Disease. RESULTS: Three thematic categories were identified, being: Feelings related to Parkinson's Disease; Changes in family daily routines; Caregiver strategies for self-care. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: Family care has shown the need for health services to provide caregivers support, as they experience situations of overload in care that can contribute to their illness. The findings also allow nurses to see the need for differentiated care for caregivers that, by assisting them with their needs, favor the quality of life of the caregiver, reduce the possibility of illness, allowing a more efficient care to the entity with chronic illness.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Cuidadores/tendências , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
7.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0205253, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379833

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer remains an important public health problem that is responsible for high morbidity and mortality rates, especially in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the socioeconomic and access disparities related to breast cancer mortality in 399 cities in the state of Parana, Brazil. METHODS: Ecological, descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study based on secondary data from the Mortality Information System from 2009 to 2012 in the state of Parana. Breast cancer mortality rate was calculated considering the mortality cases and women population of each municipality, both based on women older than 20 years old. Moran global and local analyses were used to verify the presence of spatial autocorrelation and spatial regression modeling (Spatial Lag-SAR) with the purpose of analyzing the association between socioeconomic indicators, access and mortality rates for breast cancer. RESULTS: Significant positive spatial autocorrelation was found for breast cancer mortality rates (I = 0.5432, p = 0.001). In the spatial regression analysis, the model explained 61% of the variance of the mortality rates for breast cancer. The mortality rate for breast cancer was negatively associated with the illiteracy rate (Coefficient = -0.0279) and positively associated with the access index (Coefficient = 12.9525). CONCLUSION: The lower illiteracy rate has not been sufficient to reduce the specific mortality rate by breast cancer, and the higher the score of accessibility to cancer services, the higher the specific mortality due to breast cancer. The results show that in the state of Parana, the problem is not related to a lack of education of the patients or the distance walked, but rather with the organization of services. These conclusions have important political implications on the organization and quality of the services provided for the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in the state of Parana.

8.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 12(10): e0006907, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365486

RESUMO

After obtaining certification of the absence of transmission of the Trypanosoma cruzi by Triatoma infestans in 2006, other native species of protozoan vectors have been found in human dwellings within municipalities of the State of Paraná, Southern Brazil. However, the spatial distribution of T. cruzi vectors and how climatic and landscape combined variables explain the distribution are still poorly understood. The goal of this study was to predict the potential distribution of T. cruzi vectors as a proxy for Chagas disease transmission risk using Ecological Niche Models (ENMs) based on climatic and landscape variables. We hypothesize that ENM based on both climate and landscape variables are more powerful than climate-only or landscape-only models, and that this will be true independent of vector species. A total of 2,662 records of triatomines of five species were obtained by community-based entomological surveillance from 2007 to 2013. The species with the highest number of specimens was Panstrongylus megistus (73%; n = 1,943), followed by Panstrongylus geniculatus (15.4%; 411), Rhodnius neglectus (6.0%; 159), Triatoma sordida (4.5%; 119) and Rhodnius prolixus (1.1%; 30). Of the total, 71.9% were captured at the intradomicile. T. cruzi infection was observed in 19.7% of the 2,472 examined insects. ENMs were generated based on selected climate and landscape variables with 1 km2 spatial resolution. Zonal statistics were used for classifying the municipalities as to the risk of occurrence of synanthropic triatomines. The integrated analysis of the climate and landscape suitability on triatomines geographical distribution was powerful on generating good predictive models. Moreover, this showed that some municipalities in the northwest, north and northeast of the Paraná state have a higher risk of T. cruzi vector transmission. This occurs because those regions present high climatic and landscape suitability values for occurrence of their vectors. The frequent invasion of houses by infected triatomines clearly indicates a greater risk of transmission of T. cruzi to the inhabitants. More public health attention should be given in the northern areas of the State of Paraná, which presents high climate and landscape suitabilities for the disease vectors. In conclusion, our results-through spatial analysis and predictive maps-showed to be effective in identifying areas of potential distribution and, consequently, in the definition of strategic areas and actions to prevent new cases of Chagas' disease, reinforcing the need for continuous and robust surveillance in these areas.

9.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 19(9): 2429-2436, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30255696

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide and the obesity is one of the factors related to the risk of breast cancer mainly in postmenopausal women. This study investigated the association between obesity in pre- and postmenopausal women with the development of breast cancer and the expression of estrogen, progesterone, HeR-2 and triple-negative (TN) receptors. Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 100 patients with recently diagnosed breast cancer and 400 age-matched controls. The women were divided into pre- and post-menopausal groups. Results: The multivariate analysis showed that postmenopausal women with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 at pre-diagnosis and at the most recent measurement were 1.50 (95% CI 1.06-2.13) and 1.56 (95% CI 1.11-2.21) times more likely to develop breast cancer, respectively. These women had a prevalence of obesity of 27.7% when considering pre-diagnosis BMI and 29.4% when analyzing the indicator of recent BMI. When only the cases regarding the presence of obesity with clinicopathological variables were analyzed, a total of 95.2% of the postmenopausal women with pre-diagnostic obesity according to BMI presented the positive estrogen receptor (ER) subtype. Conclusions: In Brazilian women, there is an association between obesity and the risk of breast cancer postmenopause; moreover, there is an association between the occurrence of the positive ER subtype in postmenopausal women and pre-diagnostic obesity according to BMI.

10.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 26: e3019, 2018 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110097

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of syphilis in during pregnancy and its association with socioeconomic characteristics, reproductive history, prenatal and labor care, and newborn characteristics. METHOD: A retrospective, cross-sectional study based on gestational and congenital syphilis reports. A (records) linkage was performed in the Brazilian databases: "Information System for Notifiable Diseases" (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN); "Live Births Information System" (Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos - SINASC); and "Mortality Information System" (Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade - SIM). RESULTS: The prevalence of gestational syphilis was 0.57%. The following associations of syphilis in pregnancy were found: non-white skin color/ethnicity (PR=4.6, CI=3.62-5.76); low educational level (PR=15.4; CI=12.60-18.86); and absence of prenatal care (PR=7.4, CI=3.68-14.9). The perinatal outcomes associated with gestational syphilis were prematurity (PR=1.6 CI=1.17-2.21) and low birth weight (PR=1.6; CI=1.14-2.28). Two deaths from congenital syphilis, one death from another cause and five stillbirths were reported. CONCLUSION: The results signify a long way until reaching the World Health Organization's goal of eradicating congenital syphilis.

11.
J Nurs Manag ; 2018 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30136314

RESUMO

AIM: To identify the factors associated with bullying and turnover intention among nurses. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between leadership, bullying and turnover intention. However, few studies to date have addressed this topic among nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using web-based data collection followed by data analysis using logistic regression and multinomial logistic regression models. RESULTS: Having more than one job (odds ratio (OR) = 2.9) and a low relationship-oriented leadership style (OR = 5.8) were positively associated with personal and work-related bullying, respectively. A low relationship-oriented leadership style (OR = 4.0), age of 19-29 years (OR = 4.5) and length of employment at the institution of 5-10 years (OR = 4.9) were positively correlated with a high turnover intention. The following variables were correlated with a moderate turnover intention: a low relationship-oriented leadership style (OR = 3.4), having a bachelor's degree (OR = 2.0) and working in a philanthropic institution (OR = 2.5). Working in a private institution (OR = 0.8) was negatively associated with a moderate turnover intention. CONCLUSIONS: A low relationship-oriented leadership style and social and work factors were associated with bullying and turnover intention. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSE MANAGERS: Nurse managers, in addition to developing technical skills, need to develop skills to manage human relationships to prevent bullying and turnover among nurses.

12.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 38(3): e0063, 2018 Mar 12.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between prenatal care and delivery guidelines In Primary Health Care. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, with 358 puerperal women of a public maternity from the south of Brazil. The data collection was performed from July to October of 2013, with prenatal card data transcription and a structured interview. The data has been analyzed through the use of the Chi-square test (p≤0.05). RESULTS: The prenatal care had a high coverage (85,5%) and early start by 71,8% of the women, however, 52% of them did not receive orientation for the childbirth. There was a statistical association between receiving orientation for the childbirth and fewer visits (p=0.028), longer interval between the last prenatal visit and the childbirth (p=0.002), and the classification of the prenatal care as intermediate and inadequate (p=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: Despite of the ideal number of visits, the quality of care has been classified as intermediate or inadequate, besides that, precarious access to the orientation for the childbirth during the prenatal care has been evidenced.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29451592

RESUMO

Introduction The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of GBS colonization in pregnant women in a public health service. Methods A study of 496 pregnant women at 35-37 gestational weeks was conducted from September 2011 to March 2014 in 21 municipalities of the 18th Health Region of Paraná State. Vaginal and anorectal samples of each woman were plated on sheep blood agar, and in HPTH and Todd-Hewitt enrichment broths. Results Of the 496 pregnant women, 141 (28.4%) were positive for GBS based on the combination of the three culture media with vaginal and anorectal samples. The prevalence was 23.7% for vaginal samples and 21.9% for anorectal ones. Among the variables analyzed in this study, only urinary infection was a significant factor (0.026) associated with GBS colonization in women. Conclusions Based on these results, health units should performs universal screening of pregnant women and hospitals should provide adequate prophylaxis, when indicated.


Assuntos
Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/epidemiologia , Streptococcus agalactiae/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Canal Anal/microbiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Infecções Estreptocócicas/diagnóstico , Vagina/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMJ Open ; 8(2): e018437, 2018 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate disparities in a Brazilian state by conducting an analysis to determine whether socioeconomic status was associated with the reported intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV) rates against women. DESIGN: A retrospective, ecological study. SETTINGS: Data retrieved from the Notifiable Diseases Information System database of the Ministry of Health of Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: All cases of IPSV (n=516) against women aged 15-49 years reported in the Notifiable Diseases Information System between 2009 and 2014. OUTCOME MEASURES: The data were evaluated through an exploratory analysis of spatial data. RESULTS: We identified a positive spatial self-correlation in the IPSV rate (0.7105, P≤0.001). Five high-high-type clusters were identified, predominantly in the Metropolitan, West, South Central, Southwest, Southeast and North Central mesoregions, with only one cluster identified in the North Pioneer mesoregion. Our findings also indicated that the associations between the IPSV rate and socioeconomic predictors (women with higher education, civil registry of legal separations, economically active women, demographic density and average female income) were significantly spatially non-stationary; thus, the regression coefficients verified that certain variables in the model were associated with the IPSV rate in some regions of the state. In addition, the geographically weighted regression (GWR) model improved the understanding of the associations between socioeconomic indicators and the IPSV notification rate, showing a better adjustment than the ordinary least square (OLS) model (OLS vs GWR model: R2: 0.95 vs 0.99; Akaike information criterion: 4117.90 vs 3550.61; Moran's I: 0.0905 vs -0.0273, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: IPSV against women was heterogeneous in the state of Paraná. The GWR model showed a better fit and enabled the analysis of the distribution of each indicator in the state, which demonstrated the utility of this model for the study of IPSV dynamics and the indication of local determinants of IPSV notification rates.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 19: e3363, jan. - dez. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-956401

RESUMO

Objetivo analisar a percepção de pós-graduandos acerca das teorias de enfermagem na formação e na prática profissional. Métodos pesquisa qualitativa, com 22 alunos matriculados na disciplina Fundamentos Teóricos do Cuidado em Enfermagem de um curso de pós-graduação em enfermagem. Resultados evidenciaram-se a carência do ensino das teorias de enfermagem na graduação e a necessidade de inserção deste objeto de estudo nos currículos dos cursos, uma vez que elas sustentam e norteiam as ações do enfermeiro, respaldando a relação entre teoria e prática. As teorias conferiram pensamento científico e agregaram valor ao fazer profissional, assegurando qualidade e reconhecimento à profissão. Conclusão o contato com as teorias na graduação é limitado, e a retomada da temática na pós-graduação é apontada como oportuna. Na percepção dos pós-graduandos, o conhecimento das teorias de enfermagem permite ao profissional extrair sua essência, fortalecer cientificamente sua prática e, assim, reconhecê-las como norteadoras do trabalho.


Objective to analyze the perception of postgraduate students about nursing theories in professional training and practice. Methods it was a qualitative research with 22 students enrolled in the Theoretical Foundations of Nursing Care class of a postgraduate nursing course. Results the lack of teaching of nursing theories at the undergraduate level and the need to insert this object of study in the curricula of the courses were verified, since they support and guide nurses' actions, corroborating the relationship between theory and practice. The theories conferred scientific thinking and added value to professional performance, ensuring quality and recognition to the profession. Conclusion the contact with the theories in undergraduate studies is limited and resuming the thematic in postgraduation is indicated as opportune. In the perception of the postgraduate students, the knowledge on nursing theories allows professionals to extract their essence, scientifically strengthen their practice and, thus, recognize them as work guidelines.

16.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.6): 2628-2634, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977663

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To understand the experience of caring for a person with Parkinson's Disease. Method: We used the qualitative study and thematic analysis with family caregivers of people with Parkinson's Disease. Results: Three thematic categories were identified, being: Feelings related to Parkinson's Disease; Changes in family daily routines; Caregiver strategies for self-care. Final considerations: Family care has shown the need for health services to provide caregivers support, as they experience situations of overload in care that can contribute to their illness. The findings also allow nurses to see the need for differentiated care for caregivers that, by assisting them with their needs, favor the quality of life of the caregiver, reduce the possibility of illness, allowing a more efficient care to the entity with chronic illness.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Comprender la experiencia de cuidar de una persona con la enfermedad de Parkinson. Método: Se utilizó el estudio cualitativo y el análisis temático con cuidadores familiares de personas con la enfermedad de Parkinson. Resultados: Se identificaron tres categorías temáticas: Sentimientos referentes a la enfermedad de Parkinson; Cambios en las rutinas diarias de la familia; y Estrategias del Cuidador para el cuidado de sí. Consideraciones finales: El cuidado del familiar mostró la necesidad de los servicios de salud en proporcionar apoyo a los cuidadores, ya que éstos experimentan situaciones de sobrecarga en el cuidado, que pueden contribuir a su enfermedad. Los hallazgos aún posibilitan al enfermero la visualización de la necesidad de una asistencia diferenciada al cuidador que, al asistirlo en sus necesidades, favorece la calidad de vida del mismo, reduce la posibilidad de enfermedad, permitiendo un cuidado más eficiente al ente con enfermedad crónica.


RESUMO Objetivo: Compreender a experiência de cuidar de uma pessoa com a Doença de Parkinson. Método: Utilizou-se o estudo qualitativo e a analise temática com cuidadores familiares de pessoas com a Doença de Parkinson. Resultados: Foram identificadas três categorias temáticas: Sentimentos referentes à Doença de Parkinson; Mudanças nas rotinas diárias da família; e Estratégias do Cuidador para o cuidado de si. Considerações finais: O cuidado do familiar mostrou a necessidade dos serviços de saúde em fornecer suporte aos cuidadores, visto que estes vivenciam situações de sobrecarga no cuidado, que podem contribuir para seu adoecimento. Os achados ainda possibilitam ao enfermeiro a visualização da necessidade de uma assistência diferenciada ao cuidador que, ao assisti-lo em suas necessidades, favorece a qualidade de vida do mesmo, reduz a possibilidade de adoecimento, permitindo um cuidado mais eficiente ao ente com doença crônica.

17.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 19: e3363, jan. - dez. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-909172

RESUMO

Objetivo: analisar a percepção de pós-graduandos acerca das teorias de enfermagem na formação e na prática profissional. Métodos: pesquisa qualitativa, com 22 alunos matriculados na disciplina Fundamentos Teóricos do Cuidado em Enfermagem de um curso de pós-graduação em enfermagem. Resultados: evidenciaram-se a carência do ensino das teorias de enfermagem na graduação e a necessidade de inserção deste objeto de estudo nos currículos dos cursos, uma vez que elas sustentam e norteiam as ações do enfermeiro, respaldando a relação entre teoria e prática. As teorias conferiram pensamento científico e agregaram valor ao fazer profissional, assegurando qualidade e reconhecimento à profissão. Conclusão: o contato com as teorias na graduação é limitado, e a retomada da temática na pós-graduação é apontada como oportuna. Na percepção dos pós-graduandos, o conhecimento das teorias de enfermagem permite ao profissional extrair sua essência, fortalecer cientificamente sua prática e, assim, reconhecê-las como norteadoras do trabalho. (AU)


Assuntos
Educação Superior , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem
18.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 26: e3019, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-961180

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the prevalence of syphilis in during pregnancy and its association with socioeconomic characteristics, reproductive history, prenatal and labor care, and newborn characteristics. Method: A retrospective, cross-sectional study based on gestational and congenital syphilis reports. A (records) linkage was performed in the Brazilian databases: "Information System for Notifiable Diseases" (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação - SINAN); "Live Births Information System" (Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos - SINASC); and "Mortality Information System" (Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade - SIM). Results: The prevalence of gestational syphilis was 0.57%. The following associations of syphilis in pregnancy were found: non-white skin color/ethnicity (PR=4.6, CI=3.62-5.76); low educational level (PR=15.4; CI=12.60-18.86); and absence of prenatal care (PR=7.4, CI=3.68-14.9). The perinatal outcomes associated with gestational syphilis were prematurity (PR=1.6 CI=1.17-2.21) and low birth weight (PR=1.6; CI=1.14-2.28). Two deaths from congenital syphilis, one death from another cause and five stillbirths were reported. Conclusion: The results signify a long way until reaching the World Health Organization's goal of eradicating congenital syphilis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência de sífilis na gestação e sua associação com características socioeconômicas, histórico reprodutivo, assistência no pré-natal e no parto e características do recém-nascido. Método: Estudo retrospectivo, transversal, realizado a partir das notificações de sífilis gestacional e sífilis congênita. Realizou-se linkage dos bancos de dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos e Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade. Resultados: A prevalência da sífilis gestacional foi de 0,57%. Foram encontradas as seguintes associações à sífilis na gestação: raça/cor não branca (RP=4,6; IC=3,62-5,76); baixa escolaridade (RP=15,4; IC=12,60-18,86); e ausência do pré-natal (RP=7,4; IC=3,68-14,9). Os desfechos perinatais associados à sífilis gestacional foram prematuridade (RP=1,6 IC=1,17-2,21) e baixo peso ao nascer (RP=1,6; IC=1,14-2,28). Notificaram-se dois óbitos por sífilis congênita, um óbito por outra causa e cinco natimortos. Conclusão: Os resultados apontam que há um longo caminho para o alcance da meta da Organização Mundial da Saúde de erradicação da sífilis congênita.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar la prevalencia de sífilis en la gestación y su asociación con características socioeconómicas, histórico reproductivas, asistencia en el prenatal y parto y, características del recién nacido. Método: estudio retrospectivo, transversal, realizado a partir de las notificaciones de sífilis gestacional y sífilis congénita. Se realizó linkage con los bancos de datos del Sistema de Información de Daños de Notificación, Sistema de Información sobre Nacidos Vivos y Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad. Resultados: la prevalencia de la sífilis gestacional fue 0,57%. Las siguientes asociaciones a la sífilis en la gestación fueron encontradas: raza/color no blanca (RP=4,6; IC=3,62-5,76); baja escolaridad (RP=15,4; IC=12,60-18,86); y ausencia de acompañamiento prenatal (RP=7,4; IC=3,68-14,9). Los resultados perinatales asociados a la sífilis gestacional fueron prematuridad (RP=1,6 IC=1,17-2,21) y bajo peso al nacer (RP=1,6; IC=1,14-2,28). Se notificaron dos muertes por sífilis congénita, un óbito por otra causa y cinco nacidos muertos. Conclusión: Los resultados señalizan un largo camino para el alcance de la meta de la Organización Mundial de la Salud de erradicación de la sífilis congénita.

19.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 17(4): 637-643, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1013057

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: to identify factors associated with abnormal cytopathological test uterine cervix. Methods: it is a analytical study with the participation of 390 women who presented abnormal cytopathological from a city in the state of Paraná in 2012. They were randomly selected through sampling plan. Sociodemographic information such as age, marital status, education level and ethnicity were considered independent variables while the high or low-grade cytological lesions as dependent variable. We analyzed the data statistically by Yates Corrected test, Fisher exact test and measures of association by odds ratio. For all analyzes was considered significance level of 5% and 95% confidence interval. Results: the mean age was 38.8 years, 72.9% were married or common-law marriage, 49.7% with low education level and 87.4% race/color white. HPV contamination was detected in 49.7% of women and high-grade cytological lesions in 18.2%. The low educa-tional level (95%OR=4.07) and non-white ethnicity (95%OR=2.22) were strongly associated with the development to cervical lesions (p<0.05). Conclusions: sociodemoghaphic characteristics were crucial to high-risk lesions and development of cervical cancer, especially in women with low educational level and race/color black or brown. These results confirm the persistence of diseases related to preventable and avoidable causes in the country.


Resumo Objetivos: identificar os fatores associados com alterações do exame citopatológico cérvico-uterino. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo analítico com participação de 390 mulheres que apresen-taram alterações citopatológicas em município do Estado do Paraná no período de 2012. Elas foram selecionadas aleatoriamente através de plano amostral. Informações sociode-mográficas como idade, estado civil, grau de escolaridade e etnia foram consideradas variáveis independentes enquanto que o alto ou baixo grau de lesão citológica como variável dependente. Analisaram-se os dados estatisticamente pelos Testes de Yates corrigido e Fisher e medidas de associação pela odds ratio. Para todas as análises considerou nível de significância de 5% e intervalo de confiança 95%. Resultados: a idade média foi de 38,8 anos sendo a maioria casada ou união estável (72,8%) e com baixa escolaridade (42,8%) e raça/cor branca (87,4%). A contaminação pelo HPV foi detectada em 49,7% das mulheres e lesões citológicas de alto grau em 18,2%. A baixa escolaridade (OR95%=4,07) e etnia não branca (OR95%=2,22) estiveram fortemente associadas ao desenvolvimento às lesões de colo uterino (p<0,05). Conclusão: características sociodemográficas foram determinantes para lesões de alto risco e desenvolvimento de câncer de colo uterino, especialmente nas mulheres de baixa escolaridade e raça/cor negra ou parda. Estes resultados confirmam a persistência de doenças por causas evitáveis e reduzíveis no país.

20.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 18(11): 3017-3023, 2017 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29172274

RESUMO

Background: Cancer is a major public health problem. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for reducing mortality. This study aimed to analyze factors associated with delay in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment among women attending a reference cancer service. Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed with data collected from medical records and interviews conducted with women diagnosed with breast cancer and treated from October 2013 to October 2014 at a cancer reference hospital in Paraná, Southern Brazil. Results: A total of 82 participants were enrolled during the study period; their average age was 58.2 ± 11.5 years. The average time taken for final diagnosis of breast cancer was 102.5 ± 165.5 days. Treatment onset was delayed in the majority of cases, and the average time elapsing from diagnostic biopsy to onset of primary treatment was 72.3 ± 54.0 days. The odds of treatment delay were higher among the women with a low educational level. Conclusions: The results underline the need for proposals aimed at early detection, identification of risk factors and timely provision of treatment by health managers that focus on this group.

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