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1.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 46(2): 20160261, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27786546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the optimal post-operative CT imaging method that enables best visualization of facial bony structures in the vicinity of osteosynthesis material. METHODS: Conducted at Töölö Hospital (Helsinki, Finland), this study relied on scanning a phantom with CBCT, 64-slice CT and high-definition multislice CT with dual-energy scan (providing monochromatic images of 70-, 100-, 120- and 140-keV energy levels) and iterative reconstruction (IR) methods. Two radiologists assessed the image quality, and the assessments were analyzed. In addition, a physicist performed a semi-quantitative analysis of the metal-induced artefacts. RESULTS: The three subjects most easily assessed were the loose screw and both the bone structure and the fracture further away from the screw and the plate. Soft tissues adjacent to the screw and the plate remained more difficult for assessment. Both image interpreters agreed that the artefacts disturbed their assessments under dual energy. Metal artefacts disturbed the least under multislice CT with IR [adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) and VEO]. Neither interpreter found metal suppression helpful in CBCT. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT with or without a metal artefact reduction algorithm was not optimal for post-operative facial imaging compared with multislice CT with IR. Multislice CT with ASiR filtering offered good image quality performance with fast image volume reconstruction, representing the current sweet spot in post-operative maxillofacial imaging.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura , Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Artefatos , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Humanos , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia
2.
Emerg Radiol ; 21(2): 165-71, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24221020

RESUMO

Road traffic accidents are a major health problem worldwide resulting frequently in maxillofacial injuries. The purpose of the study was to assess the incidence and spectrum of facial fractures in patients involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA). Using picture archiving and communication system, all requests for suspected facial trauma were retrieved during a 62-month period; 374 met the inclusion criteria. Two researchers interpreted the multidetector computed tomography images by consensus. The motor vehicles involved were divided into two groups: those involving a passenger car or a larger vehicle and those involving a motorized two-wheeler. Furthermore, the motor vehicle accidents were divided into collisions and run-off-road accidents. Of the 374 patients (aged 15-80, mean 34), 271 (72 %) were male and 103 (28 %) female. Of all patients, 262 (70 %) had a facial or skull base fracture; of these, multiple separate fractures were present in 56 %. Nasal fractures were the most common fractures followed by orbital, skull base, and maxillary fractures. Frontal bone, LeFort, and zygomatic arch fractures were always accompanied by other fractures. Fractures were more frequent in the group of collisions compared with run-off-road accidents. In the two-wheeled group, only 15 % did not have facial or skull base fractures. Fractures often occur in multitudes as 39 % of all patients have multiple facial or skull bone fractures, and thus, emergency radiologists should be familiar with the complexity of the injuries. Negative clear sinus sign and low-energy sentinel injuries should be trusted as indications of undetected injuries in MVA victims.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Ossos Faciais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Faciais/lesões , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fraturas Maxilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Maxilares/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismo Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismo Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Osso Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Nasal/lesões , Fraturas Orbitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Base do Crânio/lesões , Fraturas Cranianas/epidemiologia
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