Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 40
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Magn Reson ; 313: 106718, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234674

RESUMO

A wide variety of nuclear magnetic resonance experiments rely on the prediction and analysis of relaxation processes. Recently, innovative approaches have been introduced where the sample travels through a broad range of magnetic fields in the course of the experiment, such as dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization or high-resolution relaxometry. Understanding the relaxation properties of nuclear spin systems over orders of magnitude of magnetic fields is essential to rationalize the results of these experiments. For example, during a high-resolution relaxometry experiment, the absence of control of nuclear spin relaxation pathways during the sample transfers and relaxation delays leads to systematic deviations of polarization decays from an ideal mono-exponential decay with the pure longitudinal relaxation rate. These deviations have to be taken into account to describe quantitatively the dynamics of the system. Here, we present computational tools to (1) calculate analytical expressions of relaxation rates for a broad variety of spin systems and (2) use these analytical expressions to correct the deviations arising in high-resolution relaxometry experiments. These tools lead to a better understanding of nuclear spin relaxation, which is required to improve the sensitivity of many pulse sequences, and to better characterize motions in macromolecules.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(3): 399-402, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820751

RESUMO

A combinatorial approach using a one-bead-one-compound method and a screening based on a SOD-activity assay was set up for the discovery of an efficient peptidyl copper complex. The complex exhibited good stability constants, suitable redox potentials and excellent intrinsic activity. This complex was further assayed in cells for its antioxidant properties and showed beneficial effects when cells were subjected to oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/metabolismo , Cobre/química , Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Colo/citologia , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Cobre/metabolismo , Células HT29 , Humanos , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
3.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(45): 9763-9769, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633935

RESUMO

The longitudinal spin-lattice relaxation properties of water molecules trapped in a static powdered polycrystalline sample of barium chlorate monohydrate are investigated by means of solid-state 1H NMR spectroscopy. Different portions of the inhomogeneous Pake pattern that are associated with crystallites at different orientations with respect to the external magnetic field show either a mono- or a biexponential recovery. At high field (9.4 T), the chemical shift anisotropy is the main interaction that is responsible for the inhomogeneity of the relaxation rates. A theoretical description of rapid two-site hopping about the H-O-H bisector in the framework of Liouville space agrees very well with the experimental evidence. Numerical simulations predict a distribution of monoexponential time constants associated with individual single-crystal orientations. Overlapping signals give rise to biexponential recovery. This is confirmed experimentally by 1H NMR spectra of static single crystals.

4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(12): 3224-3231, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059264

RESUMO

Water molecules trapped in crystals of barium chlorate monohydrate have been investigated by magic-angle spinning (MAS) proton NMR spectroscopy in the temperature range 110-300 K. At high temperatures, a single spinning sideband pattern is observed. Below 150 K, however, two interleaved spinning sideband manifolds appear, with distinct centerbands that do not coincide with the average isotropic chemical shift seen at high temperatures. This hitherto unknown "cross-term splitting" results from the interplay of the homonuclear dipole-dipole coupling and two anisotropic proton shielding tensors that have identical principal components but nonequivalent orientations. The resulting cross terms cannot be averaged out by rotation about the magic angle. The analysis of the exchange-induced broadening, coalescence, and narrowing of the cross-term splitting in MAS spectra allows one to estimate the rate of exchange of the two protons between 140 and 190 K. The experimental data is compared with 2H and 1H NMR studies of the same sample reported in the literature. Density functional theory methods are utilized to estimate the thermal activation energy for a 2-fold hopping process of proton exchange about the H-O-H bisector. The Bell-Limbach model allows one to take into account contributions due to incoherent quantum tunneling in the low-temperature regime.

5.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 10891, 2018 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30022090

RESUMO

Time-encoding MRI is a single-scan method that uses traditional k-encoding only in one direction. In the orthogonal "time-encoding" direction, a string of echoes appears in an order that depends on the position of the corresponding spin packets. In one variant of time-encoding, this is achieved by using a series of selective pulses and appropriate gradients in both k-encoding and time-encoding directions. Although time-encoding offers some advantages over traditional single-scan Fourier methods such as echo planar imaging (EPI), the original time-encoding sequence also has some drawbacks that limit its applications. In this work, we show how one can improve several aspects of the original time-encoding sequence. By using an additional gradient pulse one can change the order in which the echoes appear, leading to identical echo times for all echoes, and hence to a uniform signal attenuation due to transverse relaxation and a reduction in average signal attenuation due to diffusion. By rearranging positive and negative gradients one can reduce the switching rate of the gradients. Furthermore, we show how one can implement time-encoding sequences in an interleaved fashion in order to reduce signal attenuation due to transverse relaxation and diffusion, while increasing the spatial resolution.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(35): 12219-12227, 2017 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28780862

RESUMO

Many intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and protein regions (IDRs) engage in transient, yet specific, interactions with a variety of protein partners. Often, if not always, interactions with a protein partner lead to partial folding of the IDR. Characterizing the conformational space of such complexes is challenging: in solution-state NMR, signals of the IDR in the interacting region become broad, weak, and often invisible, while X-ray crystallography only provides information on fully ordered regions. There is thus a need for a simple method to characterize both fully and partially ordered regions in the bound state of IDPs. Here, we introduce an approach based on monitoring chemical exchange by NMR to investigate the state of an IDR that folds upon binding through the observation of the free state of the protein. Structural constraints for the bound state are obtained from chemical shifts, and site-specific dynamics of the bound state are characterized by relaxation rates. The conformation of the interacting part of the IDR was determined and subsequently docked onto the structure of the folded partner. We apply the method to investigate the interaction between the disordered C-terminal region of Artemis and the DNA binding domain of Ligase IV. We show that we can accurately reproduce the structure of the core of the complex determined by X-ray crystallography and identify a broader interface. The method is widely applicable to the biophysical investigation of complexes of disordered proteins and folded proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/química , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular/métodos , Cristalografia por Raios X , DNA Ligase Dependente de ATP/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína
7.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(22): 14210-14213, 2017 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28537619

RESUMO

To overcome the effects of static field inhomogeneities, single-scan hybrid imaging techniques that use k-space encoding in one direction and spatial encoding in the other have been shown to be superior to traditional imaging techniques based on full k-space encoding. Like traditional imaging methods, hybrid methods can be implemented in different ways that favor different sources of contrast. So far, little attention appears to have been paid to these aspects. By modifying an established hybrid imaging sequence called Rapid Acquisition by Sequential Excitation and Refocusing (RASER) so as to obtain Echo-Shifted RASER sequences, we show that by shifting spin echoes one can tune the contrast due to inhomogeneous T decay.

8.
J Magn Reson ; 273: 98-104, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27821292

RESUMO

In spatially encoded MRI, the signal is acquired sequentially for different coordinates. In particular for single-scan acquisitions in inhomogeneous fields, spatially encoded methods improve the image quality compared to traditional k-space encoding. Previously, much attention has been paid in order to homogenize T2 losses across the sample. In this work, we investigate the effects of diffusion on the image quality in spatially encoded MRI. We show that losses due to diffusion are often not uniform along the spatially encoded dimension, and how to adapt spatially encoded sequences in order to obtain uniformly diffusion-weighted images.

9.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(48): 33187-33194, 2016 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27892567

RESUMO

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a ubiquitous branch of spectroscopy that can explore matter at the scale of an atom. Significant improvements in sensitivity and resolution have been driven by a steady increase of static magnetic field strengths. However, some properties of nuclei may be more favourable at low magnetic fields. For example, transverse relaxation due to chemical shift anisotropy increases sharply at higher magnetic fields leading to line-broadening and inefficient coherence transfers. Here, we present a two-field NMR spectrometer that permits the application of rf-pulses and acquisition of NMR signals in two magnetic centres. Our prototype operates at 14.1 T and 0.33 T. The main features of this system are demonstrated by novel NMR experiments, in particular a proof-of-concept correlation between zero-quantum coherences at low magnetic field and single quantum coherences at high magnetic field, so that high resolution can be achieved in both dimensions, despite a ca. 10 ppm inhomogeneity of the low-field centre. Two-field NMR spectroscopy offers the possibility to circumvent the limits of high magnetic fields, while benefiting from their exceptional sensitivity and resolution. This approach opens new avenues for NMR above 1 GHz.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(34): 9886-9, 2016 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27417269

RESUMO

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies have benefited tremendously from the steady increase in the strength of magnetic fields. Spectacular improvements in both sensitivity and resolution have enabled the investigation of molecular systems of rising complexity. At very high fields, this progress may be jeopardized by line broadening, which is due to chemical exchange or relaxation by chemical shift anisotropy. In this work, we introduce a two-field NMR spectrometer designed for both excitation and observation of nuclear spins in two distinct magnetic fields in a single experiment. NMR spectra of several small molecules as well as a protein were obtained, with two dimensions acquired at vastly different magnetic fields. Resonances of exchanging groups that are broadened beyond recognition at high field can be sharpened to narrow peaks in the low-field dimension. Two-field NMR spectroscopy enables the measurement of chemical shifts at optimal fields and the study of molecular systems that suffer from internal dynamics, and opens new avenues for NMR spectroscopy at very high magnetic fields.

11.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(15): 10144-51, 2016 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27009684

RESUMO

By monitoring the effect of deuterium decoupling on the decay of transverse (15)N magnetization in D-(15)N spin pairs during multiple-refocusing echo sequences, we have determined fast D-D exchange rates kD and compared them with fast H-H exchange rates kH in tryptophan to determine the kinetic isotope effect as a function of pH and temperature.


Assuntos
Deutério , Prótons , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Isótopos , Cinética , Temperatura
12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(13): 9167-75, 2016 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26974979

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) offers an approach to mass spectrometry (MS) that pursuits similar objectives as MS/MS experiments. While the latter must focus on one ion species at a time, 2D FT ICR can examine all possible correlations due to ion fragmentation in a single experiment: correlations between precursors, charged and neutral fragments. We revisited the original 2D FT-ICR experiment that has hitherto fallen short of stimulating significant analytical applications, probably because it is technically demanding. These shortcomings can now be overcome by improved FT-ICR instrumentation and computer hard- and software. We seek to achieve a better understanding of the intricacies of the behavior of ions during a basic two-dimensional ICR sequence comprising three simple monochromatic pulses. Through simulations based on Lorentzian equations, we have mapped the ion trajectories for different pulse durations and phases.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 17(40): 26819-27, 2015 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26399171

RESUMO

Para-water is an analogue of para-hydrogen, where the two proton spins are in a quantum state that is antisymmetric under permutation, also known as singlet state. The populations of the nuclear spin states in para-water are believed to have long lifetimes just like other Long-Lived States (LLSs). This hypothesis can be verified by measuring the relaxation of an excess or a deficiency of para-water, also known as a "Triplet-Singlet Imbalance" (TSI), i.e., a difference between the average population of the three triplet states T (that are symmetric under permutation) and the population of the singlet state S. In analogy with our recent findings on ethanol and fumarate, we propose to adapt the procedure for Dissolution Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (D-DNP) to prepare such a TSI in frozen water at very low temperatures in the vicinity of 1.2 K. After rapid heating and dissolution using an aprotic solvent, the TSI should be largely preserved. To assess this hypothesis, we studied the lifetime of water as a molecular entity when diluted in various solvents. In neat liquid H2O, proton exchange rates have been characterized by spin-echo experiments on oxygen-17 in natural abundance, with and without proton decoupling. One-dimensional exchange spectroscopy (EXSY) has been used to study proton exchange rates in H2O, HDO and D2O mixtures diluted in various aprotic solvents. In the case of 50 mM H2O in dioxane-d8, the proton exchange lifetime is about 20 s. After dissolving, one can observe this TSI by monitoring intensities in oxygen-17 spectra of H2O (if necessary using isotopically enriched samples) where the AX2 system comprising a "spy" oxygen A and two protons X2 gives rise to binomial multiplets only if the TSI vanishes. Alternatively, fast chemical addition to a suitable substrate (such as an activated aldehyde or ketone) can provide AX2 systems where a carbon-13 acts as a spy nucleus. Proton signals that relax to equilibrium with two distinct time constants can be considered as a hallmark of a TSI. We optimized several experimental procedures designed to preserve and reveal dilute para-water in bulk.


Assuntos
Prótons , Água/química
14.
Biophys J ; 109(5): 988-99, 2015 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26331256

RESUMO

Intrinsically disordered proteins and intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are ubiquitous in the eukaryotic proteome. The description and understanding of their conformational properties require the development of new experimental, computational, and theoretical approaches. Here, we use nuclear spin relaxation to investigate the distribution of timescales of motions in an IDR from picoseconds to nanoseconds. Nitrogen-15 relaxation rates have been measured at five magnetic fields, ranging from 9.4 to 23.5 T (400-1000 MHz for protons). This exceptional wealth of data allowed us to map the spectral density function for the motions of backbone NH pairs in the partially disordered transcription factor Engrailed at 11 different frequencies. We introduce an approach called interpretation of motions by a projection onto an array of correlation times (IMPACT), which focuses on an array of six correlation times with intervals that are equidistant on a logarithmic scale between 21 ps and 21 ns. The distribution of motions in Engrailed varies smoothly along the protein sequence and is multimodal for most residues, with a prevalence of motions around 1 ns in the IDR. We show that IMPACT often provides better quantitative agreement with experimental data than conventional model-free or extended model-free analyses with two or three correlation times. We introduce a graphical representation that offers a convenient platform for a qualitative discussion of dynamics. Even when relaxation data are only acquired at three magnetic fields that are readily accessible, the IMPACT analysis gives a satisfactory characterization of spectral density functions, thus opening the way to a broad use of this approach.


Assuntos
Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/química , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/metabolismo , Movimento , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Cinética , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
15.
Chemistry ; 20(21): 6332-8, 2014 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24719307

RESUMO

Owing to its imidazole side chain, histidine participates in various processes such as enzyme catalysis, pH regulation, metal binding, and phosphorylation. The determination of exchange rates of labile protons for such a system is important for understanding its functions. However, these rates are too fast to be measured directly in an aqueous solution by using NMR spectroscopy. We have obtained the exchange rates of the NH3(+) amino protons and the labile NH(ε2) and NH(δ1) protons of the imidazole ring by indirect detection through nitrogen-15 as a function of temperature (272 K

Assuntos
Histidina/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Aminoácidos , Catálise , Prótons
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 135(49): 18665-72, 2013 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24228712

RESUMO

Understanding the molecular determinants underlying protein function requires the characterization of both structure and dynamics at atomic resolution. Nuclear relaxation rates allow a precise characterization of protein dynamics at the Larmor frequencies of spins. This usually limits the sampling of motions to a narrow range of frequencies corresponding to high magnetic fields. At lower fields one cannot achieve sufficient sensitivity and resolution in NMR. Here, we use a fast shuttle device where the polarization builds up and the signals are detected at high field, while longitudinal relaxation takes place at low fields 0.5 < B0 < 14.1 T. The sample is propelled over a distance up to 50 cm by a blowgun-like system in about 50 ms. The analysis of nitrogen-15 relaxation in the protein ubiquitin over such a wide range of magnetic fields offers unprecedented insights into molecular dynamics. Some key regions of the protein feature structural fluctuations on nanosecond time scales, which have so far been overlooked in high-field relaxation studies. Nanosecond motions in proteins may have been underestimated by traditional high-field approaches, and slower supra-τ(c) motions that have no effect on relaxation may have been overestimated. High-resolution relaxometry thus opens the way to a quantitative characterization of nanosecond motions in proteins.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Proteínas/química
17.
Anal Chem ; 85(9): 4694-7, 2013 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23547756

RESUMO

We report the in situ and real-time monitoring of the interconversion of L- and D-alanine-d3 by alanine racemase from Bacillus stearothermophilus directly observed by (2)H NMR spectroscopy in anisotropic phase. The enantiomers are distinguished by the difference of their (2)H quadrupolar splittings in a chiral liquid crystal containing short DNA fragments. The proof-of-principle, the reliability, and the robustness of this new method is demonstrated by the determination of the turnover rates of the enzyme using the Michaelis-Menten model.


Assuntos
Alanina Racemase/química , DNA/química , Deutério/química , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Alanina/química , Alanina/metabolismo , Alanina Racemase/metabolismo , Geobacillus stearothermophilus/enzimologia , Cinética , Modelos Moleculares , Estereoisomerismo
18.
Chemistry ; 18(45): 14375-83, 2012 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23011974

RESUMO

Living systems rely on chains of energy transfer from an energy source to maintain their metabolism. This task requires functionally identified components and organizations. However, propagation of a sustained energy flux through a cascade of reaction cycles has never been reproduced at a steady state in a simple chemical system. By using energy patterning and a diffusing hub reactant, we achieved the transfer of energy through an abiotic protometabolism. Patterned illumination was applied to a liquid solution of a reversible photoacid. It resulted in the local onset of a proton pump, which subsequently drove an extended reaction-diffusion cycle that involved pH-sensitive reactants. Thus, light has been used for locally setting out of chemical equilibrium a reaction involving "blind" reactants. The spontaneous onset of an energy-transfer chain notably drives the local generation of singular dissipative chemical structures; continuous matter fluxes are dynamically maintained at boundaries between spatially and chemically segregated zones, in the absence of any membrane or predetermined material structure.


Assuntos
Modelos Químicos , Clorobenzenos/química , Difusão , Transferência de Energia , Cinética , Prótons , Estereoisomerismo , Raios Ultravioleta
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 48(43): 5307-9, 2012 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22510719

RESUMO

A novel NMR approach allows one to efficiently determine translational diffusion coefficients of macromolecules in solution. This method for Signal Optimization with Recovery in Diffusion Delays (SORDID) monitors transport occurring during the recovery times between consecutive scans so that the duration of the measurements can be reduced approximately by a factor two.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Difusão , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-raf/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/química , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Inibidores de beta-Lactamases , beta-Lactamases/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA