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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(7): 2543-2555, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340272

RESUMO

AIDS is an advanced clinical manifestation of HIV infection. It generates severe immunodeficiency and associated infections that may lead to death. The antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbimortality of HIV/AIDS, but its benefits depend on ART adherence. This integrative review followed the PICO method to identify factors associated with adult adherence to ART. Empirical papers published between January 2010 and December 2016 in the Medline, SciELO, Lilacs and PePSIC databases were included. We analyzed 125 papers regarding the characteristics of studies, adherence measures and associated factors. Results showed a wide variety in the definition of adherence and the use of measures for its monitoring, as well as several adherence-associated factors. These were categorized as follows: 1- Individual variables; 2- Treatment characteristics; 3- HIV/aids infection characteristics; 4- Relationship with the health services; 5- Social support. Health services should characterize the users' profiles, systematize adherence measures and regionally assess adherence-associated factors for the early detection of non-adherence to ART and implementation of effective intervention plans.

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(7): 2543-2555, jul. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011852

RESUMO

Resumo A AIDS é uma manifestação clínica avançada da infecção pelo HIV. Gera imunodeficiência grave e inúmeras infecções associadas, podendo levar à morte. A disponibilidade da Terapia Antirretroviral (TARV) diminuiu a morbi-mortalidade do HIV/AIDS, mas seus benefícios dependem da adesão ao tratamento. Esta revisão integrativa da literatura seguiu a estratégia PICO para identificar os fatores associados à adesão à TARV em adultos. Foram consultadas as bases Medline, SciELO, Lilacs e PePSIC e incluídos artigos publicados entre janeiro de 2010 e dezembro de 2016. Foram analisados 125 artigos, quanto às características dos estudos, medidas de adesão e fatores associados. Os resultados mostraram grande variação na definição da adesão e no uso das medidas para seu monitoramento, além de inúmeros fatores associados à adesão. Os quais foram agrupados nas categorias: 1. variáveis individuais; 2. características do tratamento; 3. características da infecção pelo HIV/AIDS; 4. relação com o serviço de saúde e 5. apoio social. É importante que os serviços caracterizem o perfil dos usuários, sistematizem as medidas de adesão e avaliem regionalmente fatores associados à adesão, para a detecção precoce da não adesão à TARV e estabelecimento de planos efetivos de intervenção.


Abstract AIDS is an advanced clinical manifestation of HIV infection. It generates severe immunodeficiency and associated infections that may lead to death. The antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbimortality of HIV/AIDS, but its benefits depend on ART adherence. This integrative review followed the PICO method to identify factors associated with adult adherence to ART. Empirical papers published between January 2010 and December 2016 in the Medline, SciELO, Lilacs and PePSIC databases were included. We analyzed 125 papers regarding the characteristics of studies, adherence measures and associated factors. Results showed a wide variety in the definition of adherence and the use of measures for its monitoring, as well as several adherence-associated factors. These were categorized as follows: 1- Individual variables; 2- Treatment characteristics; 3- HIV/aids infection characteristics; 4- Relationship with the health services; 5- Social support. Health services should characterize the users' profiles, systematize adherence measures and regionally assess adherence-associated factors for the early detection of non-adherence to ART and implementation of effective intervention plans.

3.
Psychiatry Res ; 271: 715-720, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791346

RESUMO

Sweet craving (SC), defined as a strong desire for sweet foods, seems to be closely related to negative emotions, such as anxiety and unhealthy eating behaviors. The objective was to investigate factors that are associated with SC and to assess the relationships among SC, anxiety symptoms, and eating behavior in university students. This was a cross-sectional study involving 300 students of both sexes (20.5 ±â€¯4.4 years) who were freshmen in a Brazilian public university. Eating behavior was evaluated using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire, anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Beck Anxiety Inventory, SC was identified by a yes/no question ("Have you had a very strong desire to eat sweet food over the last three months?"), and characterized by the Questionnaire for Assessment of Sweet Substance Dependence. Individuals with SC scored significantly higher for uncontrolled eating (UE), emotional eating (EE), and anxiety symptoms. Logistic regression analysis revealed that anxiety symptoms are independently associated with SC. In conclusion, negative emotions, like anxiety, and eating guided by these emotions can contribute to the SC phenomenon.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Fissura/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Percepção Gustatória/fisiologia , Adolescente , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4119-4128, Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974777

RESUMO

Resumo Indivíduos com intolerância à lactose, doença de alta prevalência, devem controlar o consumo de alimentos com esse dissacarídeo para evitar sintomas gastrointestinais. Como a tolerância é variável à quantidade ingerida, é fundamental a discussão sobre a disponibilização da informação de quantidade de lactose em alimentos industrializados, que atualmente não é obrigatória. O estudo avaliou a disponibilidade da informação sobre a quantidade de lactose por análise dos rótulos de alimentos industrializados, que contivessem leite ou lactose na lista de ingredientes. Em seguida, realizou-se contato com as indústrias de alimentos para solicitação da informação. Foram avaliados 1.209 alimentos, dos quais 1.092 eram tradicionais e 117 diet/light/zero. Apenas 3,1% dos alimentos analisados apresentavam a informação sobre a quantidade de lactose na tabela nutricional dos rótulos. A presença desta informação foi maior no grupo de alimentos diet/light/zero do que nos tradicionais. Além disso, das 156 empresas contatadas, somente 14 informaram a quantidade de lactose contida nos alimentos, 93 responderam a solicitação, porém não disponibilizaram as quantidades, e 49 não responderam. Conclui-se que há baixa disponibilidade da informação sobre a quantidade de lactose em alimentos industrializados.


Abstract Patients with lactose intolerance, a high prevalence disease, should control the intake of food with lactose to avoid gastrointestinal symptoms. Since tolerance depends on the amount of lactose ingested, it is essential to discuss the availability of the amount of lactose information in processed foods, which is currently not mandatory. The study measured the availability of information on the amount of lactose on the labels of processed food that contained milk or lactose in the ingredient list. Then, we contacted the food industry to request this information. We evaluated 1,209 processed foods, of which 1,092 were traditional and 117 were diet/light/zero. Only 3,1% of the analyzed foods provided information on the amount of lactose in the labeled nutrition table. This information was more available in the diet/light/zero food group. Furthermore, of the 156 contacted companies, only 14 reported the amount of lactose contained in foods, 93 answered the request, but have not provided the amounts and 49 did not answer the request. We concluded that there is a low availability of information about the amount of lactose in processed foods.

5.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(12): 4119-4128, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539996

RESUMO

Patients with lactose intolerance, a high prevalence disease, should control the intake of food with lactose to avoid gastrointestinal symptoms. Since tolerance depends on the amount of lactose ingested, it is essential to discuss the availability of the amount of lactose information in processed foods, which is currently not mandatory. The study measured the availability of information on the amount of lactose on the labels of processed food that contained milk or lactose in the ingredient list. Then, we contacted the food industry to request this information. We evaluated 1,209 processed foods, of which 1,092 were traditional and 117 were diet/light/zero. Only 3,1% of the analyzed foods provided information on the amount of lactose in the labeled nutrition table. This information was more available in the diet/light/zero food group. Furthermore, of the 156 contacted companies, only 14 reported the amount of lactose contained in foods, 93 answered the request, but have not provided the amounts and 49 did not answer the request. We concluded that there is a low availability of information about the amount of lactose in processed foods.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Intolerância à Lactose/epidemiologia , Lactose/análise , Leite/química , Animais , Indústria Alimentícia , Humanos
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 45(3): 252-257, set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-959487

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Our objective was to compare the predisposition to orthorexic eating behavior and other eating behaviors between female nutrition and biology undergraduate students in either their first or final year. Ninety-five students participated in this cross-sectional study: 48 nutrition students (1st year - N1 - n= 24; 5th year - N5 - n= 24) and 47 biology students: (1st year - B1 - n= 25; 5th year - B5 - n= 22). The predisposition to orthorexic eating behavior (OEB) was assessed by ORTO- 15. The Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire - R21 was used to assess cognitive restriction (CR), emotional eating (EE), and uncontrolled eating (UE). Nutrition students presented a higher predisposition to OEB (85.4% vs 55.3%; p= 0.001) and higher scores for CR than biology students (50.3 ± 20.4 vs 38.4 ± 18.8; p= 0.003), especially first-year students. There was no difference between groups N1 and N5 in any behavior assessed, except for EE (N1: 57.2 ± 32.5 > N5: 39.8 ± 19.4; p= 0.03). Our results point to the need for technical training of these students, who will influence the eating habits of other people. In addition, it is necessary to prevent the factors that predispose individuals to extreme eating behaviors, which can eventually harm their physical and emotional health.


RESUMEN Nuestro objetivo fue comparar la predisposición a la conducta ortoréxica y otros comportamientos alimentarios entre estudiantes del sexo femenino de primer y último año de pregrado en nutrición y biología. Se incluyeron 95 estudiantes en este estudio transversal: 48 de nutrición (1° año-N1- n= 24; 5° año-N5-n= 24) y 47 de biología: (1° año-B1-n= 25; 5° año-B5-n= 22). La predisposición a la conducta ortoréxica (CO) fue evaluada por ORTO-15. El Three Factor Eating Questionnaire - R21 fue utilizado para evaluar la restricción cognitiva (RC), el comer emocional (CE) y el comer sin control (CSC). Los estudiantes de nutrición presentaron mayor predisposición a la CO (85,4% vs 55,3%, p= 0,001) y mayor puntuación en RC que los de biología (50,3 ± 20,4 vs 38,4 ± 18,8; p= 0,003), especialmente en el primer año. No hubo diferencias entre los grupos N1 y N5 en ninguno de los comportamientos evaluados, excepto para CE (N1: 57,2 ± 32,5> N5: 39,8 ± 19,4; p= 0,03). Nuestros resultados apuntan a la necesidad de capacitación técnica a estos estudiantes, que influirán en los hábitos alimentarios de otras personas. Además, es necesario prevenir los factores que predisponen a los individuos a comportamientos alimentarios extremos, que pueden dañar su salud física y emocional.


Assuntos
Humanos , Estudantes , Universidades , Mulheres , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Dieta , Ocupações em Saúde
7.
Nutr. hosp ; 32(3): 1353-1361, sept. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-142507

RESUMO

Background/objectives: the incidence of hospital undernutrition and its consequences for both the patient and the hospital has demanded procedures that ensure the delivery of good-quality hospital nutritional care. On the basis of literature reports, this study aimed to build a hospital nutritional care propositions that the scientific community later evaluated and endorsed. Methods: forty-one propositions concerning patient clinical nutritional care and hospital food service management by the Hospital Nutrition and Food Service were designed. One hundred professionals, researchers, and professors evaluated the propositions. Agreement with the propositions was analyzed by means of a five-point Likert scale (I strongly disagree; I partially disagree; I have no opinion; I partially agree; I totally agree) associated with each proposition. Agreement was considered to occur when 70% or more of the interviewees agreed (partially or totally) with the proposition. The procedure Proc Corresp of the software SAS 10, version 8, aided descriptive statistics and correspondence analysis. Results: more than 90% of the interviewees completely or partially agreed with 85% (35) of the 41 propositions; between 80 and 90% of the interviewees totally or partially agreed with 15% (6) of the 41 propositions. All the proposed criteria had over 70% agreement (total and partial). The lowest value of total agreement was 70%, attributed to the proposition that suggested patient’s participation in nutritional intervention. Conclusions: the scientific community presented high level of agreement with the hospital nutritional care propositions, which suggested an important consensus about it (AU)


Antecedentes/objetivos: la incidencia de desnutrición hospitalaria y sus consecuencias tanto para el paciente como para el hospital ha exigido procedimientos que aseguren un servicio de atención nutricional hospitalaria de buena calidad. Basado en los informes de la literatura, este estudio tuvo como objetivo construir proposiciones sobre los cuidados nutricionales hospitalarios, que después fueran evaluados y aprobados por la comunidad científica. Métodos: fueron desarrolladas cuarenta y una proposiciones relativas a la atención nutricional clínica del paciente y a la gestión del servicio de alimentación por el Servicio de Alimentación y Nutrición Hospitalaria. Un total de cien profesionales, investigadores y profesores evaluaron las proposiciones. Para analizar si los evaluadores estaban de acuerdo con las proposiciones se utilizó una escala Likert de cinco puntos (estoy en total desacuerdo, estoy parcialmente en desacuerdo, no tengo opinión, estoy parcialmente de acuerdo, estoy totalmente de acuerdo) asociada a cada proposición. Fue considerada concordancia cuando el 70% o más de los evaluadores estaban de acuerdo (totalmente o parcialmente) con la proposición. Para el análisis estadístico fue utilizado el procedimiento Proc Corresp del software SAS 10, versión 8, estadística descriptiva y análisis de correspondencias. Resultados: más del 90% de los entrevistados estaban total o parcialmente de acuerdo con el 85% (35) de las 41 proposiciones; entre el 80 y 90% de los entrevistados estaban total o parcialmente de acuerdo con el 15% (6) de las 41 proposiciones. Todos los criterios propuestos tuvieron más del 70% de concordancia (total y parcial). El menor valor de concordancia total fue del 70%, atribuido a la proposición que sugiere la participación del paciente en la intervención nutricional. Conclusiones: la comunidad científica presentó alto nivel de concordancia con las proposiciones para la atención nutricional hospitalaria, lo que sugiere un importante consenso al respecto (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Serviço Hospitalar de Nutrição/organização & administração , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Transtornos Nutricionais/dietoterapia , Prova Pericial , Participação do Paciente
8.
Nutr Hosp ; 32(3): 1353-61, 2015 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26319860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: the incidence of hospital undernutrition and its consequences for both the patient and the hospital has demanded procedures that ensure the delivery of good-quality hospital nutritional care. On the basis of literature reports, this study aimed to build a hospital nutritional care propositions that the scientific community later evaluated and endorsed. METHODS: forty-one propositions concerning patient clinical nutritional care and hospital food service management by the Hospital Nutrition and Food Service were designed. One hundred professionals, researchers, and professors evaluated the propositions. Agreement with the propositions was analyzed by means of a five-point Likert scale (I strongly disagree; I partially disagree; I have no opinion; I partially agree; I totally agree) associated with each proposition. Agreement was considered to occur when 70% or more of the interviewees agreed (partially or totally) with the proposition. The procedure Proc Corresp of the software SAS 10, version 8, aided descriptive statistics and correspondence analysis. RESULTS: more than 90% of the interviewees completely or partially agreed with 85% (35) of the 41 propositions; between 80 and 90% of the interviewees totally or partially agreed with 15% (6) of the 41 propositions. All the proposed criteria had over 70% agreement (total and partial). The lowest value of total agreement was 70%, attributed to the proposition that suggested patient's participation in nutritional intervention. CONCLUSIONS: the scientific community presented high level of agreement with the hospital nutritional care propositions, which suggested an important consensus about it.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Nutrição , Terapia Nutricional , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Brasil , Consenso , Humanos , Avaliação Nutricional , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Valor Nutritivo
9.
Nutr. hosp ; 29(3): 526-530, 2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-120620

RESUMO

Introduction: To evaluate the treatment of obesity it is necessary to understand the weight changes, to improve intervention strategies. Objective: To assess the progression of weight and body parameters in overweight women along a diet therapy. Methods: 163 women participated in this study. They were evaluated for weight, circumferences (waist andhip), and body composition (lean mass and body fat)along the three treatment phases. Results and Discussion: The weight loss percentage was higher in the first treatment phase than in the second one(-6.8 ± 4.8% vs. -4.0 ± 2.7%, p < 0.0001). In the two first phases the circumferences and the lean mass decreased among women with weight loss. Body fat reduction occurred (-2.6%) during the first phase only. Conclusion: Weight loss and reduction in body parameters occurred mainly in the first treatment phase, showing that it is necessary to rethink intervention strategies (AU)


Introducción: Para evaluar el tratamiento de la obesidades necesario entender el curso de los cambios del peso para mejorar las estrategias de intervención. Objetivo: Evaluar el peso y las medidas corporales de mujeres con exceso de peso durante un tratamiento nutricional. Métodos: Fueron evaluadas 163 mujeres, con medición del peso, de las circunferencias (cintura y cadera) y de la composición corporal (masa magra y grasa corporal) en tres fases del tratamiento. Resultados y discusión: El porcentaje de la pérdida de peso fue mayor en la primera que en la segunda fase del tratamiento (-6,8 ± 4,8% vs -4,0 ± 2,7%, p < 0,0001). En las dos primeras fases hubo disminución de las circunferencias y de la masa corporal magra entre las mujeres que perdieron peso. La reducción de la grasa corporal(-2,6%) se produjo sólo en la primera fase. Conclusión: La reducción del peso y de las medidas corporales ocurren principalmente en la primera fase del tratamiento, alertando para la necesidad de una revisión de las estrategias de intervención (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Obesidade/dietoterapia , Sobrepeso/dietoterapia , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Perda de Peso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Dieta Redutora/métodos
10.
J. Health Sci. Inst ; 28(3): 272-274, july-sept. 2010. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-606292

RESUMO

Objective - Playing soccer just once a week is common among the millions of Brazilians. However, the cardiovascular stress of such activityis not always known. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the cardiac response during recreational soccer match and compare with guidelines for acquisition of aerobic fitness. Methods - Eighteen sedentary playing soccer once a week (45.8 ± 7 years, 27.4 ± 2.5 kg/m2BMI), participated. The heart rate was measured during a typical game and the highest values (HRpeak) and mean (HRmean) were recorded. For data analysis, descriptive statistics were used. Results - HRpeak was 181.6 ± 6.5 bpm-1 which corresponds to 104.3 ± 2.8% HRmax estimatedby age. In turn, the HRmean was 156.3 ± 7 bpm-1 or 89.8 ± 3.9% HRmax. Conclusion - The cardiac response to soccer recreational exceeds the recommended upper limits for aerobic fitness and may be dangerous in sedentary individuals who do only once a week.


Objetivo - Jogar futebol apenas uma vez por semana é comum entre milhões de brasileiros. Entretanto, o estresse cardiovascular de tal atividade nem sempre é conhecido. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a resposta cardíaca durante partida de futebol recreativo e comparar com diretrizes para aquisição da aptidão aeróbia. Métodos - Participaram do estudo dezoito praticantes de futebol recreacional, aqui definido como jogar uma vez por semana (45,8 ± 7 anos; 27,4 ± 2,5 kg/m2 de IMC). A frequência cardíaca (FC) foi mensurada durante jogo típico e os valores mais altos (FCpico) e médio (FCmédia) foram registrados. Para análise dos dados, estatística descritiva foi utilizada. Resultados - A FCpico foi de 181,6 ± 6,5 bpm-1 o que corresponde a 104,3 ± 2,8 % da FCmax estimada pela idade. Por sua vez, a FCmédia foi de 156,3 ± 7 bpm-1 ou 89,8 ± 3,9 % da FCmax. Conclusão - A resposta cardíaca ao futebol recreativo excede os limites superiores recomendados para aptidão aeróbia e pode ser perigosa a sedentários que o fazem apenas uma vez por semana.

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