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1.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 912968, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090083

RESUMO

Introduction: Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at a higher risk of neurodevelopmental delay than infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Previous studies have confirmed that gut microbiota in early life influences subsequent neurodevelopment. However, few studies have reported corresponding data in SGA populations. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of the gut microbiota of term SGA infants and the associations between the gut microbiota in SGA infants and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 6 months of age. Methods: Fecal samples were collected on days 1, 3, 5, and 7 from term SGA and AGA infants born between June 2020 and June 2021 at the Peking University First Hospital. 16S ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid amplicon sequencing was used to analyze the fecal microbiota. We followed up for 6 months and used the Ages and Stages Questionnaires-3 (ASQ-3) to evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcomes among SGA infants. Results: A total of 162 neonates were enrolled, with 41 SGA infants (25.3%) in the study group and 121 AGA infants (74.7%) in the control group. The gut microbial diversity in the SGA group was lower than that in the AGA group on days 1, 3, 5, and 7. Non-metric multidimensional scaling and analysis of similarities showed significant differences between the two groups. The SGA group had increased relative abundances of Ralstonia (3, 5, and 7 days) and Clostridium (3 and 7 days). The dominant microorganisms of the SGA group were Ralstonia on day 1, Escherichia_Shigella on days 3 and 7, and Clostridia on day 5. We found that the gut microbial diversity of SGA infants with poor communication scores was higher than that of SGA infants with good communication scores on day 3. Fine motor scores were negatively correlated with the relative abundance of Bacteroides_fragilis on day 1. A negative correlation was observed between gross motor scores and relative abundance of Clostridium_saccharobutylicum on day 7. Bacteroidota, Bacteroidia, Bacteroides, and Bacteroides_fragilis were the dominant microorganisms in the good communication score group on day 7. Communication scores were positively correlated with the relative abundance of Bacteroidota, Bacteroides, and Bacteroides_fragilis on day 7. Conclusion: The gut microbial diversity of term SGA infants was significantly lower in the first week of life than that of term AGA infants. Certain pathogenic and conditional pathogenic bacteria, such as Escherichia_Shigella, Ralstonia and Clostridium increased or formed the dominant microbiota in SGA infants. Alpha diversity, Bacteroidota, Bacteroides, Bacteroides_fragilis, and Clostridium_saccharobutylicum found in SGA infants may be associated with neurodevelopmental outcomes at 6 months of age, indicating possible therapeutic targets for clinical intervention.

2.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 950586, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090256

RESUMO

The maintenance of appropriate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis is critical to effective spinal cord injury (SCI) repair. In previous reports, protein disulfide isomerase A6 (PDIA6) demonstrated to serve as a reversible functional modulator of ER stress responses, while spastin can coordinate ER organization through the modulation of the dynamic microtubule network surrounding this organelle. While both PDIA6 and spastin are thus important regulators of the ER, whether they interact with one another for SCI repair still needs to be determined. Here a proteomics analysis identified PDIA6 as being related to SCI repair, and protein interaction mass spectrometry further confirmed the ability of PDIA6 and spastin to interact with one another. Pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays were further performed to validate and characterize the interactions between these two proteins. The RNAi-based knockdown of PDIA6 in COS-7 cells inhibited the activity of spastin-dependent microtubule severing. PDIA6 was also found to promote injured neuron repair, while spastin knockdown reversed this reparative activity. Together, these results thus confirm that PDIA6 and spastin function together as critical mediators of nerve repair, highlighting their potential value as validated targets for efforts to promote SCI repair.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 936761, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092450

RESUMO

Understanding the evolutionary and ecological processes driving population differentiation and speciation can provide critical insights into the formation of biodiversity. Here, we examine the link between population genetic processes and biogeographic history underlying the generation of diversity in the Hengduan Mountains (HM), a region harboring a rich and dynamic flora. We used restriction site-associated DNA sequencing to generate 1,907 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and four-kb of plastid sequence in species of the Gentiana hexaphylla complex (Gentianaceae). We performed genetic clustering with spatial and non-spatial models, phylogenetic reconstructions, and ancestral range estimation, with the aim of addressing the processes influencing diversification of G. hexaphylla in the HM. We find the G. hexaphylla complex is characterized by geographic genetic structure with clusters corresponding to the South, North and the central HM. Phylogenetic reconstruction and pairwise F ST analyses showed deep differentiation between Southern and Northern populations in the HM. The population in Mount Taibai exhibited the highest genetic similarity to the North HM. Ancestral range estimation indicated that the G. hexaphylla complex originated in the central HM and then diverged in the Pliocene and the Early Pleistocene, before dispersing widely, resulting in the current distinct lineages. Overall, we found deep genomic differentiation in the G. hexaphylla complex corresponds to geographic barriers to dispersal in the HM and highlights a critical role of the uplift of the Daxue Mountains and subsequent climatic fluctuations underlying diversification. The colonization of G. hexaphylla in the Mount Taibai region suggests directional dispersal between the alpine flora of the Qinling Mountains and the HM.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077559

RESUMO

The process of ubiquitination regulates the degradation, transport, interaction, and stabilization of substrate proteins, and is crucial for cell signal transduction and function. TNF receptor-associated factor 4, TRAF4, is a member of the TRAF family and is involved in the process of ubiquitination as an E3 ubiquitin protein ligase. Here, we found that TRAF4 expression correlates with glioma subtype and grade, and that TRAF4 is significantly overexpressed in glioblastoma and predicts poor prognosis. Knockdown of TRAF4 significantly inhibited the growth, proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioblastoma cells. Mechanistically, we found that TRAF4 only interacts with the Tudor domain of the AKT pathway activator SETDB1. TRAF4 mediates the atypical ubiquitination of SETDB1 to maintain its stability and function, thereby promoting the activation of the AKT pathway. Restoring SETDB1 expression in TRAF4 knockdown glioblastoma cells partially restored cell growth and proliferation. Collectively, our findings reveal a novel mechanism by which TRAF4 mediates AKT pathway activation, suggesting that TRAF4 may serve as a biomarker and promising therapeutic target for glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Fator 4 Associado a Receptor de TNF , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Glioblastoma/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fator 4 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética , Fator 4 Associado a Receptor de TNF/metabolismo
5.
Org Lett ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121648

RESUMO

Herein, an unprecedented non-noble-metal-catalyzed oxidation/cyclization of ene-ynamides is developed, allowing the synthesis of diversely functionalized lactams in moderate to good yields with excellent diastereoselectivities without the observation of typical cyclopropanation products. In combination with Ellman's tert-butylsulfinimine chemistry, chiral γ-lactams containing three contiguous stereocenters are obtained with high diastereo- and enantioselectivity. Moreover, density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that this protocol probably undergoes a carbon cation or proton transfer process.

6.
BMC Immunol ; 23(1): 42, 2022 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The significance of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) has not been clarified. This study was dedicated to exploring the potential pathogenic roles of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 in patients with myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA-positive vasculitis. METHODS: Serum and urine concentrations of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 of forty-two AAV patients were evaluated. The influence of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 on the chemotaxis, the apoptosis, the release of IL-1ß, the complement activation, the respiratory burst, as well as the neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation of MPO-ANCA-activated neutrophils was investigated. RESULTS: The serum and urine S100A8/A9 and S100A12 of active MPO-AAV significantly increased (compared with inactive AAV and healthy controls, p < 0.001) and were correlated with the severity of the disease. In vitro study showed that S100A8/A9 and S100A12 activated the p38 MAPK/NF-κB p65 pathway, increased the chemotaxis index (CI) and the release of IL-1ß, extended the life span, and enhanced the complement activation ability of MPO-ANCA-activated neutrophils. The Blockade of TLR4 and RAGE inhibited the effects of S100A8/A9 and S100A12. All above-mentioned effects of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 were ROS-independent because neither S100A8/A9 nor S100A12 enhanced the ROS formation and NETs formation of MPO-ANCA-activated neutrophils. CONCLUSION: S100A8/A9 and S100A12 serve as markers for assessing the disease severity, and they may also play a role in MPO-AAV pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Proteína S100A12 , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Calgranulina A , Humanos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína S100A12/metabolismo
7.
Front Chem ; 10: 967158, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118321

RESUMO

A fast quantitative analysis method of soil potassium based on direct-focused laser ablation-laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (direct-focused LA-LIBS) was proposed and tested. A high single-pulse energy laser (200 mJ/pulse) beam was focused on the aerosols near the focus of the 10 kHz fiber laser to generate plasma spectra, and the analytical capability of the direct-focused LA-LIBS system was compared with traditional LIBS system using a high single-pulse energy laser (SP-LIBS). The result showed that for moist soil samples the data stability of the direct-focused LA-LIBS method was significantly improved and the R2 factor of the calibration curve improved from 0.64 to 0.93, the limit of detection improved from 159.2 µg/g to 140.9 µg/g. Three random soil samples from different areas of Beijing suburbs were analyzed by the direct-focused LA-LIBS method, and the results were consistent with AAS. The direct-focused LA-LIBS method proposed is different from the traditional double-pulse technology and laser ablation-assisted technology because it not only does not need carrier gas, but also can overcome the matrix differences better, especially the influence of moisture, which provides a new idea for the rapid detection of nutrient elements in field soils.

8.
Front Chem ; 10: 995950, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118322

RESUMO

Two new sesquiterpenoids, curcumanes E (1) and F (2), were isolated from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, and their structures and absolute configurations were examined using extensive spectroscopic analyses and ECD calculations. Interestingly, compounds 1 and 2 are diastereoisomers possessing a rare sesquiterpenoid skeleton that has been reported only once before. Both curcumanes E and F exhibit significant vasorelaxant effects against KCl-induced contraction of rat aortic rings, with EC50 values of 5.10 ± 0.79 and 5.58 ± 1.77 µM, respectively. These findings enrich the data concerning this rare type of sesquiterpenoids and further indicate that these rare sesquiterpenoids can effectively reduce blood pressure.

9.
Science ; 377(6610): eabp9444, 2022 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048929

RESUMO

The molecular mechanism underlying brain regeneration in vertebrates remains elusive. We performed spatial enhanced resolution omics sequencing (Stereo-seq) to capture spatially resolved single-cell transcriptomes of axolotl telencephalon sections during development and regeneration. Annotated cell types exhibited distinct spatial distribution, molecular features, and functions. We identified an injury-induced ependymoglial cell cluster at the wound site as a progenitor cell population for the potential replenishment of lost neurons, through a cell state transition process resembling neurogenesis during development. Transcriptome comparisons indicated that these induced cells may originate from local resident ependymoglial cells. We further uncovered spatially defined neurons at the lesion site that may regress to an immature neuron-like state. Our work establishes spatial transcriptome profiles of an anamniote tetrapod brain and decodes potential neurogenesis from ependymoglial cells for development and regeneration, thus providing mechanistic insights into vertebrate brain regeneration.


Assuntos
Ambystoma mexicanum , Regeneração do Cérebro , Células-Tronco Neurais , Ambystoma mexicanum/fisiologia , Animais , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Análise de Célula Única , Telencéfalo/fisiologia , Transcriptoma
10.
Biology (Basel) ; 11(7)2022 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101431

RESUMO

The tomato hind, Cephalopholis sonnerati, is a bottom-dwelling coral reef fish, which is widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific and Red Sea. C. sonnerati also features complex social structures and behaviour mechanisms. Here, we present a high-quality, chromosome-level genome assembly for C. sonnerati that was derived using PacBio sequencing and Hi-C technologies. A 1043.66 Mb genome with an N50 length of 2.49 Mb was assembled, produced containing 795 contigs assembled into 24 chromosomes. Overall, 97.2% of the complete BUSCOs were identified in the genome. A total of 26,130 protein-coding genes were predicted, of which 94.26% were functionally annotated. Evolutionary analysis revealed that C. sonnerati diverged from its common ancestor with E. lanceolatus and E. akaara approximately 41.7 million years ago. In addition, comparative genome analyses indicated that the expanded gene families were highly enriched in the sensory system. Finally, we found the tissue-specific expression of 8108 genes. We found that these tissue-specific genes were highly enriched in the brain. In brief, the high-quality, chromosome-level reference genome will provide a valuable genome resource for studies of the genetic conservation, resistance breeding, and evolution of C. sonnerati.

11.
J Pharm Anal ; 12(4): 541-555, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105164

RESUMO

Berberine (BBR), an isoquinoline alkaloid, has been found in many plants, such as Coptis chinensis Franch and Phellodendron chinense Schneid. Although BBR has a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects, its oral bioavailability is extremely low. In recent years, gut microbiota has emerged as a cynosure to understand the mechanisms of action of herbal compounds. Numerous studies have demonstrated that due to its low bioavailability, BBR can interact with the gut microbiota, thereby exhibiting altered pharmacological effects. However, no systematic and comprehensive review has summarized these interactions and their corresponding influences on pharmacological effects. Here, we describe the direct interactive relationships between BBR and gut microbiota, including regulation of gut microbiota composition and metabolism by BBR and metabolization of BBR by gut microbiota. In addition, the complex interactions between gut microbiota and BBR as well as the side effects and personalized use of BBR are discussed. Furthermore, we provide our viewpoint on future research directions regarding BBR and gut microbiota. This review not only helps to explain the mechanisms underlying BBR activity but also provides support for the rational use of BBR in clinical practice.

12.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 961012, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110545

RESUMO

Safety has always been an important issue affecting the development of traditional Chinese medicine industry, especially for toxic medicinal materials, the establishment of risk prevention and control measures for toxic herbs is of great significance to improving the use of traditional Chinese medicine in clinical. Fuzi is a kind of traditional Chinese medicine and its toxicity has become the most important obstacle of limit in clinical using. In this paper, network pharmacology and molecular docking technology were used to analyze the main toxic components of Fuzi, the key targets and the mechanism of neurotoxicity. We carried out CCK-8 and WB assays, and detected LDH release and SDH activity. It was verified that aconitine caused neurotoxicity through a variety of pathways, including MAPK signaling pathway, pathways related to Akt protein, destruction of cell membrane integrity, damage of mitochondrial function affecting energy metabolism and apoptosis. What's more, this study confirmed that aconitine could produce neurotoxicity by promoting apoptosis of hippocampus neuron and decreasing its quantity through Nissl Staining and TUNEL assay. This paper found and confirmed multiple targets and various pathways causing neurotoxicity of Fuzi, in order to provide reference for clinical application and related research.

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(9): 4458-4466, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096586

RESUMO

In order to explore the pollution characteristics and potential sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the polluted air of a port area, PM2.5 samples (n=59) were collected from Qingdao Port for four seasons from August 2018 to May 2019. The seasonal variation and composition characteristics of PM2.5-bound PAHs were analyzed, the influence of meteorological factors on PAH concentrations was explored using correlation analysis, and the potential sources were analyzed using positive definite matrix factorization and potential source contribution function models. The results showed that the total mean concentration of PAHs was (8.11±12.31) ng·m-3, which was higher in autumn and winter than that in spring and summer. The seasonal molecular compositions of PAHs were similar, dominated by 4-5 ring PAHs (75.43%). Fluoranthene, benzo[e]pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene, phenanthrene, pyrene, and chrysene were the dominant species of PAHs in the study area, which are similar to the major compounds in ship exhaust. Correlation analysis showed that PAH concentrations were significantly negatively correlated with temperature and relative humidity and significantly positively correlated with atmospheric pressure and wind direction and had a poor correlation with wind speed. PMF analysis extracted six contribution factors, and the results indicated that Qingdao Port was mainly influenced by shipping emissions (28.83%), followed by vehicle emissions (20.49%), as well as crude oil volatilization (13.47%). Summer had the greatest impact on shipping emissions. The PSCF results suggested that Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Bohai Rim, and northern Shandong were the main source regions for long-range transport.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise
14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(9): 4616-4624, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096602

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are important sources of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in aquatic environments. Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) and microbial communities are key factors that affect the proliferation of ARGs. To reveal the effects of WWTPs effluent discharge on the ARGs and microbial community in a coastal area, the structure and distribution of ARGs, MGEs, and microbial community in Shangyu (SY) and Jiaxing (JX) effluent receiving areas (ERAs) and the offshore area of Hangzhou Bay (HB) were investigated via high-throughput quantitative PCR and 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. The results showed that multidrug resistance genes were the most abundant ARGs across all the sampling sites. The diversity and abundance of ARGs and MGEs in the ERAs were much higher than those in the HB. Additionally, the diversities of the microbial community in the JX-ERA were higher than those in the SY-ERA and HB. PCoA showed that the distribution of ARGs, MGEs, and microbial communities in the ERAs and HB were significantly different, indicating that the long-term wastewater discharge could alter the distribution of ARGs, MGEs, and microbial communities in the coastal area. The co-occurrence pattern among ARGs, MGEs, and microbial communities revealed that 12 bacterial genera, such as Psychrobacter, Pseudomonas, Sulfitobacter, Pseudoalteromonas, and Bacillus, showed strong positive correlations with ARGs and MGEs. Most potential hosts carried multidrug and ß-lactamase resistance genes.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia
15.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103040

RESUMO

Penthorum chinense Pursh (PCP), a medicinal and edible plant, is widely used in many clinical liver diseases. Oxidative stress and autophagy impairment play crucial roles in the pathophysiology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of PCP in attenuating ethanol-induced liver injury. The liver-specific transgenic zebrafish larvae (lfabp: EGFP) at three days post-fertilization (3 dpf) were treated with different concentrations of PCP (100, 50 and 25 µg/mL) for 48 h, after soaked in a 350 mM ethanol for 32 h. Whole-mount oil red O, H&E staining and biochemical kits were used to detect fatty liver function and fat accumulation, western blot (WB) and immunofluorescence were used to determine proteins expression, and RT-qPCR was used to further verify the related gene expression. PCP restored zebrafish liver function. Additionally, PCP (as dose-dependent) blocked the expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and alleviated liver fat accumulation and oxidative damage. PCP exerted its hepatoprotective function by downregulating the expression of kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), up-regulating the expression of nucleus factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) (transferring to the nucleus), and attenuating systemic oxidative stress. Furthermore, PCP reduced the expression of sequestosome 1 (p62/SQSTM1, p62), Atg13, and Beclin 1, up-regulating autophagy signaling pathway. Taken together, the molecular evidence that PCP protected the ethanol-induced hepatic oxidative stress and autophagy impairment through activating AMPK/p62/Nrf2/mTOR signaling axis.

16.
J Endourol ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106602

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of CO2 pneumoperitoneum on venous hemodynamics and cardiopulmonary function during transperitoneal or retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: A single institution prospective study. 43 patients with renal cell carcinoma undergoing retroperitoneal (22) or transperitoneal (21) laparoscopic partial nephrectomy were enrolled. Hemodynamic functions were monitored by Swan-Ganz and radial artery catheters. Transesophageal echocardiography was used to measure the diameter and blood flow of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Measured parameters were recorded at baseline, 10 min, 30 min, 60 min following insufflation to 14 mmHg and 10 min following desufflation. RESULTS: For hemodynamic changes in transperitoneal laparoscopic group (TPL) and retroperitoneal laparoscopic group (RPL), transperitoneal CO2 insufflation resulted in a rapid parallel increase in central intravenous pressure (CVP), peak airway pressure (AWP) and IVC blood flow velocity after the first 30 minutes of pneumoperitoneum (p<0.05). In contrast, CVP, AWP and IVC blood flow velocity increased progressively in RPL. The variation of those parameters was significantly lower than that of TRL (p<0.001;p=0.002;p=0.004). The mean maximum CVP in the two groups was 20 and 16 mmHg, respectively. The IVC diameter at the cavoatrial junction was significantly reduced in TPL after 10 minutes of insufflation, but it remained unchanged in RPL throughout the surgery. For cardiopulmonary function changes, heart output decreased after a short period of pneumoperitoneum, but no statistical differences were observed between the two groups. The increments of partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension were significantly higher in RPL than TPL (p<0.001; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with retroperitoneal pneumoperitoneum, transperitoneal pneumoperitoneum has significantly effects on IVC hemodynamics. Elevated intraabdominal pressure (IAP) causes higher AWP and venous return resistance, which lead to the significantly increase of CVP during transperitoneal approach. Adjusting the balance between IAP and CVP might be an effect way to control intravenous bleeding.

17.
J Hematol Oncol ; 15(1): 133, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104717

RESUMO

Regulated cell death (RCD) is a critical and active process that is controlled by specific signal transduction pathways and can be regulated by genetic signals or drug interventions. Meanwhile, RCD is closely related to the occurrence and therapy of multiple human cancers. Generally, RCD subroutines are the key signals of tumorigenesis, which are contributed to our better understanding of cancer pathogenesis and therapeutics. Indole alkaloids derived from natural sources are well defined for their outstanding biological and pharmacological properties, like vincristine, vinblastine, staurosporine, indirubin, and 3,3'-diindolylmethane, which are currently used in the clinic or under clinical assessment. Moreover, such compounds play a significant role in discovering novel anticancer agents. Thus, here we systemically summarized recent advances in indole alkaloids as anticancer agents by targeting different RCD subroutines, including the classical apoptosis and autophagic cell death signaling pathways as well as the crucial signaling pathways of other RCD subroutines, such as ferroptosis, mitotic catastrophe, necroptosis, and anoikis, in cancer. Moreover, we further discussed the cross talk between different RCD subroutines mediated by indole alkaloids and the combined strategies of multiple agents (e.g., 3,10-dibromofascaplysin combined with olaparib) to exhibit therapeutic potential against various cancers by regulating RCD subroutines. In short, the information provided in this review on the regulation of cell death by indole alkaloids against different targets is expected to be beneficial for the design of novel molecules with greater targeting and biological properties, thereby facilitating the development of new strategies for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Morte Celular Regulada , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Alcaloides Indólicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Oxindóis
18.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 294, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph or chyle leak (LL/CL) is severe complications after lateral cervical lymph node dissection (LLND), mainly due to iatrogenic injury of the lymphatic duct. Efficient and well-operated methods to reduce postoperative drainage are still lacking. This was a feasibility study to evaluate a new method of preventing LL/CL compared to conventional treatment. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed 20 consecutive patients who used the "pedicled omohyoid flap covering (POFC)" method during LLND from January 2019 to December 2021 in our center as an observation group. Another 20 consecutive patients used the conventional method during LLND in this period as a control group. The clinical and pathological features of the two groups were compared, and the related factors that affected postoperative lymphatic drainage were analyzed with Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The drainage volume per 24 h and the incidence of LL/CL in the control group were both higher than that in the observation group (all P < 0.05), and the number of lymph nodes dissected in the IV region > 10 and the use of the POFC method were the independent risk factors that significantly affected the incidence of LL/CL post LLND (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: POFC is a safe and useful method for reducing drainage and preventing LL/CL post-LLND, especially for patients with heavy metastasis of the lymph nodes in the IV region.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
19.
Br J Cancer ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The associations between mammographic radiomics and breast cancer clinical endpoints are unclear. We aimed to identify mammographic radiomics features associated with breast cancer prognosis. METHODS: Nested from a large breast cancer cohort in our institution, we conducted an extreme case-control study consisting of 207 cases with any invasive disease-free survival (iDFS) endpoint <5 years and 207 molecular subtype-matched controls with >5-year iDFS. A total of 632 radiomics features in craniocaudal (CC) and mediolateral oblique (MLO) views were extracted from pre-treatment mammography. Logistic regression was used to identify iDFS-associated features with multiple testing corrections (Benjamini-Hochberg method). In a subsample with RNA-seq data (n = 96), gene set enrichment analysis was employed to identify pathways associated with lead features. RESULTS: We identified 15 iDFS-associated features from CC-view yet none from MLO-view. S(1,-1)SumAverg and WavEnLL_s-6 were the lead ones and associated with favourable (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.42-0.87, P = 0.01) and poor iDFS (OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.31-1.76, P = 0.01), respectively. Both features were associated with eight pathways (primarily involving cell cycle regulation) in tumour but not adjacent normal tissues. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest mammographic radiomics features are associated with breast cancer iDFS, potentially through pathways involving cell cycle regulation.

20.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058944

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore 3D morphological changes of the bladder, urethra, and vagina following different numbers of vaginal deliveries. METHODS: Sampled patients had undergone magnetic resonance imaging for gynecological diseases in Nanfang Hospital. A total of 167 patients who met the study inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled and divided into four groups. Mimics and UG software packages were used for reconstructions and measurements, and data were compared with one-way analyses of variance. RESULTS: A total of 167 3D models were constructed, and eight parameters related to the bladder and urethra were measured (5 angles, 2 lengths, and 1 thickness). No statistically significant differences were found between subgroups, although mean plot figures of urethra pubic and α angles showed trends to increase with more deliveries, and the opposite trend was seen for the urethra tilt angle. There were no obvious trends between other parameters and delivery number. There were seven vaginal parameters (6 lengths and 1 shape). Mid-urethral and vaginal gap measurements tended to become wider as delivery number increased, and the opposite was seen for the distal gap. Mid-vaginal 2D cross-sectional shape and the proportion of shallow concave types also tended to significantly increase with more deliveries, especially after the third birth. CONCLUSION: As the number of deliveries through the vagina increases, the lateral support function of this organ and the urethra become relatively weaker. These fine anatomical changes are related to delivery numbers and become most obvious after the third birth.

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