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1.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 7, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596801

RESUMO

Sodium-ion storage technologies are promising candidates for large-scale grid systems due to the abundance and low cost of sodium. However, compared to well-understood lithium-ion storage mechanisms, sodium-ion storage remains relatively unexplored. Herein, we systematically determine the sodium-ion storage properties of anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2(A)). During the initial sodiation process, a thin surface layer (~3 to 5 nm) of crystalline TiO2(A) becomes amorphous but still undergoes Ti4+/Ti3+ redox reactions. A model explaining the role of the amorphous layer and the dependence of the specific capacity on the size of TiO2(A) nanoparticles is proposed. Amorphous nanoparticles of ~10 nm seem to be optimum in terms of achieving high specific capacity, on the order of 200 mAh g-1, at high charge/discharge rates. Kinetic studies of TiO2(A) nanoparticles indicate that sodium-ion storage is due to a surface-redox mechanism that is not dependent on nanoparticle size in contrast to the lithiation of TiO2(A) which is a diffusion-limited intercalation process. The surface-redox properties of TiO2(A) result in excellent rate capability, cycling stability and low overpotentials. Moreover, tailoring the surface-redox mechanism enables thick electrodes of TiO2(A) to retain high rate properties, and represents a promising direction for high-power sodium-ion storage.

2.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 38(1): 22, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes between laparoscopic Hartmann reversal (LHR) and open Hartmann reversal (OHR) in patients who had undergone Hartmann surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The patients who underwent Hartmann reversal (HR) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from Jun 2013 to Jun 2022 were retrospectively enrolled. The LHR group and the OHR group were compared using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. RESULTS: A total of 89 patients who underwent Hartmann reversal (HR) were enrolled in this study. There were 48 (53.9%) patients in the LHR group and 41 (46.1%) patients in the OHR group. After 1:1 ratio PSM, no difference in baseline information remained (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in operation time, blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative complications (p > 0.05) before and after PSM. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, pre-operative albumin < 42.0 g/L was an independent risk factor (p = 0.013 < 0.05, OR = 0.248, 95% CI = 0.083-0.741) for the HR-related complications; however, LHR/OHR was not a predictive risk factor (p = 0.663, OR = 1.250, 95% CI = 0.500-3.122). CONCLUSION: Based on the current evidence, although there was no difference in short-term prognosis, LHR still had some advantages considering that it was less invasive to the patient.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pontuação de Propensão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674776

RESUMO

Growth-regulating factor (GRF) is a kind of transcription factor unique to plants, playing an important role in the flowering regulation, growth, and development of plants. Melastoma dodecandrum is an important member of Melastomataceae, with ornamental, medicinal, and edible benefits. The identification of the GRF gene family in M. dodecandrum can help to improve their character of flavor and continuous flowering. The members of the GRF gene family were identified from the M. dodecandrum genome, and their bioinformatics, selective pressure, and expression patterns were analyzed. The results showed that there were 20 GRF genes in M. dodecandrum. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the 71 GRF genes from M. dodecandrum, Arabidopsis thaliana, Camellia sinensis, and Oryza sativa can be divided into three clades and six subclades. The 20 GRF genes of M. dodecandrum were distributed in twelve chromosomes and one contig. Furthermore, the gene structure and motif analysis showed that the intron and motif within each clade were very similar, but there were great differences among different clades. The promoter contained cis-acting elements related to hormone induction, stress, and growth and development. Different transcriptomic expression of MdGRFs indicated that MdGRFs may be involved in regulating the growth and development of M. dodecandrum. The results laid a foundation for further study on the function and molecular mechanism of the M. dodecandrum GRF gene family.


Assuntos
Melastomataceae , Melastomataceae/química , Filogenia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
4.
Foods ; 12(2)2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673383

RESUMO

Due to its unique biological composition, aquatic products, especially fish, are extremely perishable compared to other muscle products. Herein, we proposed an artificial nanozyme-based colorimetric detection of hypoxanthine (Hx), the indicator of fish freshness, in a minute-time scale without the assistance of a natural enzyme (hypoxanthine oxidase). The principle is based on the interaction between Hx and polyvinylpyrrolidone-modified platinum cubic nanomaterials (PVP-PtNC), in which the catalytic active sites of PVP-PtNC's surface were blocked by Hx. This causes the downregulation of PVP-PtNC's catalytic ability and weakened its ability to catalyze the oxidization of 3,3',5,5'-Tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by H2O2. Accordingly, the decrease in the UV-vis absorption and the weakening of the colorimetric reaction color is proportional to the Hx concentration. On this basis, a target-triggered colorimetric method for detecting Hx is developed for fish freshness monitoring with a fast detection speed, low cost, high accuracy, and simplified operation. Experiments reveal that the correlation response of Hx is from 0.5 µM to 10 mM with a limit of detection of 0.16 µM. In particular, the Hx detected from real fish indicates that the method possesses a promising potential for practical application. All of these features are expected to promote the development of online detection tools for food safety monitoring.

5.
J Chromatogr A ; 1689: 463746, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584612

RESUMO

The efficient and green extraction of bioactive ingredients from natural plants play a vital role in their corresponding drug effects and subsequent studies. Recently, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) have been considered promising new green solvents for efficiently and selectively extracting substances from varied plants. In this work, an environment-friendly DESs-based ultrasonic-assisted extraction (DESs-UAE) procedure was developed for highly efficient and non-polluting extraction of alkaloids from the roots of Stephania tetrandra (ST). A total of fifteen different combinations of DESs, compared with traditional organic solvents (methanol and 95% ethanol) and water, were evaluated for extraction of bioactive alkaloids (FAN and TET) from ST, and the results revealed that DESs system made up of choline chloride and ethylene glycol with mole ratio of 1:2 exhibited the optimal extraction efficiency for alkaloids. Additionally, a four-factor and three-level Box-Behnken design (BBD), a particular pattern of response surface methodology (RSM), was used to optimize extraction conditions. RSM results indicated that the maximum extraction yields of FAN, TET, and TA were attained 7.23, 13.36, 20.59 mg/g, respectively, within extraction temperature of 52 °C, extraction time of 82 min, DES water content of 23% (v/v), and liquid-solid ratio of 23 mL/g. The measured results were consistent with the predicted values. Notably, the optimized DES extraction efficiency of TA, according to the experimental data analysis, is 2.2, 3.3 and 4.1 times higher than methanol, 95% ethanol and water, respectively. Meanwhile, based on 3D response surface plots, interactive effects plots and contour maps, the effects of the aforementioned four essential factors on the extraction yield and their interactions on the response were visualized. The results revealed that the mutual interactions between extraction temperature and liquid-solid ratio exhibited positive effects on all responses, while extraction time and water content in DES posed a negative effect. Therefore, these results suggest that DESs, as a class of novel green solvents, with the potential to substitute organic solvent and water, can be widely and effectively applied to extract bioactive compounds from natural plants.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Stephania tetrandra , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Metanol , Solventes , Água , Extratos Vegetais , Etanol
6.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 557, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456919

RESUMO

Containing the largest number of species, the orchid family provides not only materials for studying plant evolution and environmental adaptation, but economically and culturally important ornamental plants for human society. Previously, we collected genome and transcriptome information of Dendrobium catenatum, Phalaenopsis equestris, and Apostasia shenzhenica which belong to two different subfamilies of Orchidaceae, and developed user-friendly tools to explore the orchid genetic sequences in the OrchidBase 4.0. The OrchidBase 4.0 offers the opportunity for plant science community to compare orchid genomes and transcriptomes and retrieve orchid sequences for further study.In the year 2022, two whole-genome sequences of Orchidoideae species, Platanthera zijinensis and Platanthera guangdongensis, were de novo sequenced, assembled and analyzed. In addition, systemic transcriptomes from these two species were also established. Therefore, we included these datasets to develop the new version of OrchidBase 5.0. In addition, three new functions including synteny, gene order, and miRNA information were also developed for orchid genome comparisons and miRNA characterization.OrchidBase 5.0 extended the genetic information to three orchid subfamilies (including five orchid species) and provided new tools for orchid researchers to analyze orchid genomes and transcriptomes. The online resources can be accessed at https://cosbi.ee.ncku.edu.tw/orchidbase5/.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Orchidaceae , Ordem dos Genes , Bases de Conhecimento , MicroRNAs/genética , Orchidaceae/genética , Sintenia
7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202216557, 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510474

RESUMO

Passivation of stainless steel by additives forming mass-transport blocking layers is widely practiced, where Cr element is added into bulk Fe-C forming the Cr2 O3 -rich protective layer. Here we extend the long-practiced passivation concept to Si anodes for lithium-ion batteries, incorporating the passivator of LiF/Li2 CO3 into bulk Si. The passivation mechanism is studied by various ex situ characterizations, redox peak contour maps, thickness evolution tests, and finite element simulations. The results demonstrate that the passivation can enhance the (de)lithiation of Li-Si alloys, induce the formation of F-rich solid electrolyte interphase, stabilize the Si/LiF/Li2 CO3 composite, and mitigate the volume change of Si anodes upon cycling. The 3D passivated Si anode can fully retain a high capacity of 3701 mAh g-1 after 1500 cycles and tolerate high rates up to 50C. This work provides insight into how to construct durable Si anodes through effective passivation.

8.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(9): 933-945, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546028

RESUMO

Developing suitable electrode materials capable of tolerating severe structural deformation and overcoming sluggish reaction kinetics resulting from the large radius of potassium ion (K+) insertion is critical for practical applications of potassium-ion batteries (PIBs). Herein, a superior anode material featuring an intriguing hierarchical structure where assembled MoSSe nanosheets are tightly anchored on a highly porous micron-sized carbon sphere and encapsulated within a thin carbon layer (denoted as Cs@MoSSe@C) is reported, which can significantly boost the performance of PIBs. The assembled MoSSe nanosheets with expanded interlayer spacing and rich anion vacancy can facilitate the intercalation/deintercalation of K+ and guarantee abundant active sites together with a low K+ diffusion barrier. Meanwhile, the thin carbon protective layer and the highly porous carbon sphere matrix can alleviate the volume expansion and enhance the charge transport within the composite. Under these merits, the as-prepared Cs@MoSSe@C anode exhibits a high reversible capacity (431.8 mAh g-1 at 0.05 A g-1), good rate capability (161 mAh g-1 at 5 A g-1), and superior cyclic performance (70.5% capacity retention after 600 cycles at 1 A g-1), outperforming most existing Mo-based S/Se anodes. The underlying mechanisms and origins of superior performance are elucidated by a set of correlated in-situ/ex-situ characterizations and theoretical calculations. Further, a PIB full cell based on Cs@MoSSe@C anode also exhibits an impressive electrochemical performance. This work provides some insights into developing high-performance PIBs anodes with transition-metal chalcogenides.

9.
Front Surg ; 9: 1004064, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338629

RESUMO

Background: Gastric transcatheter chemoembolization (GTC) is an interventional minimal invasive method, which has never been mentioned in the previous literature for advanced gastric cancer with obstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its safety and efficacy in treating advanced gastric cancer with obstruction. Methods: Advanced gastric cancer patients with obstruction who underwent GTC were retrospectively analysed from June 2017 to January 2020. Baseline information, peri-intervention data, and post-intervention follow-up information were collected. Clinical data obtained before and after the GTC were compared, and the survival of all patients was analysed. Result: Forty-Two patients were included in this study. 42 (100%) patients achieved technical success, and 22 (52.4%) achieved clinical success. The median time of the GTC was 83 (30.0-180.0) minutes, and the median time of hospitalization after GTC was 3 (1-6) days. One patient experienced abdominal pain during and after GTC. Twenty (47.6%) of the 42 patients underwent gastrectomy after intervention. The pre-intervention gastric outlet obstruction scoring system (GOOSS) was 1 (0-1) and the post-intervention GOOSS was 2 (0-3) (p = 0.000 < 0.05). The median follow-up time was 9.5 (3-35) months, and the overall survival time was 14 months. In the univariate survival analysis, a significant difference was observed between patients who did or did not undergo radical gastrectomy after GTC (p = 0.014 < 0.05). Conclusions: GTC is a safe and effective treatment, and furthermore, it could be an alternative method in treating advanced gastric cancer with obstruction.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36257650

RESUMO

Purpose: To figure out whether enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) could effectively improve the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and reduce hospitalization expenses under the shadow of COVID-19, furthermore to alleviate the current situation of medical resource for the whole society. Methods: Patients who underwent CRC surgery in the department of gastrointestinal surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital from January 2020 to March 2022 were retrospectively enrolled. According to protocol adherence, all patients were divided into the ERAS group and the non-ERAS group. Short-term outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: A total of 918 patients were enrolled in the study. Based on protocol adherence ≥70%, 265 patients were classified into the ERAS group and the other 653 patients were classified into the non-ERAS group. Patients in the ERAS group had shorter operation time (P < .01), less intraoperative blood loss (P < .01), shorter overall hospital stay (P < .01) and postoperative hospital stay (P < .01), less hospital costs (P < .01), earlier first flatus (P < .01), earlier first stool (P < .01), earlier food tolerance (P < .01), and lower postoperative complications (P < .01). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis manifested that ERAS and cerebrovascular disease were predictive factors of postoperative overall complications. In univariate analyses, cerebrovascular disease (P = .033, OR = 2.225, 95% CI = 1.066-4.748), time of the surgery (P = .026, OR = 1.417, 95% CI = 1.043-1.925), and ERAS (P < .01, OR = 0.450, 95% CI = 0.307-0.661) were predictive factors. Furthermore, in the multivariate analysis, ERAS (P < .01, OR = 0.440, 95% CI = 0.295-0.656) and cerebrovascular disease (P = .016, OR = 2.575, 95% CI = 1.190-5.575) were independent predictive factors of postoperative overall complications. Conclusion: In summary, under the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, ERAS could still reduce the financial burden of patients and reduce the incidence of short-term postoperative complications. However, whether the effects of ERAS were enhanced after the pandemic and the long-term outcomes of CRC obey ERAS remained to be further explored.

11.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 5109999, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36157210

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of the current study is to analyze whether preoperative hyponatremia affected the short-term outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in a single clinical center where we enrolled patients who underwent primary CRC surgery from January 2011 to December 2021. The short-term outcomes were compared between the hyponatremia group and the normal sodium group using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. Results: A total of 6730 cases of patients who received CRC surgery were finally included in this study. There were 184 patients in the hyponatremia group and 6546 patients in the normal sodium group. After 1 : 1 ratio PSM, 184 patients in the normal sodium group were matched to 184 patients in the hyponatremia group. No significant difference was found in baseline information after PSM (P > 0.05). After PSM, the hyponatremia group had higher patients with overall complications (P = 0.013). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted to find predictors of complications, and we found that older age (P = 0.032, OR = 1.023, 95%CI = 1.002 - 1.044), open surgery (P =0.001, OR = 2.300, 95%CI = 1.420 - 3.727), blood loss (P = 0.015, OR = 1.002, 95%CI = 1.000 - 1.003), and hyponatremia (P = 0.012, OR = 1.856, 95%CI = 1.148 - 3.001) were independent predictors of patients with overall complications. Conclusion: Hyponatremia was an independent predictor of patients with overall complications after CRC surgery, therefore, the adequate preparation of the patients for surgery remained fundamental.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hiponatremia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Hiponatremia/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sódio
12.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 14(8): 743-753, 2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36157372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported hypertension remission after gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients, and the remission rate was 11.1%-93.8%. We have reported the factors of hypertension remission previously, however, the follow-up time was six months. It is necessary to identify risk factors for hypertension for a relatively longer follow-up time. AIM: To analyze the predictive factors for hypertension remission one year after gastrectomy of gastric cancer patients and to construct a risk model for hypertension remission. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the medical information of patients with concurrent gastric cancer and hypertension in a single clinical center from January 2013 to December 2020. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression of hypertension remission were conducted, and a nomogram model was established. RESULTS: A total of 209 patients with concurrent gastric cancer and hypertension were included in the current study. There were 108 patients in the remission group and 101 patients in the non-remission group. The hypertension remission rate was 51.7% one year after gastrectomy. The remission group had younger aged patients (P = 0.001), larger weight loss (P = 0.001), lower portion of coronary heart disease (P = 0.017), higher portion of II-degree hypertension (P = 0.033) and higher portion of total gastrectomy (P = 0.008) than the non-remission group. Younger age (P = 0.011, odds ratio = 0.955, 95%CI: 0.922-0.990), higher weight loss (P = 0.019, odds ratio = 0.937, 95%CI: 0.887-0.989) and total gastrectomy (P = 0.039, odds ratio = 2.091, 95%CI: 1.037-4.216) were independent predictors for hypertension remission. The concordance index of the model was 0.769 and the calibration curve suggested great agreement. Furthermore, decision curve analysis showed that the model was clinically useful. CONCLUSION: Younger age, higher weight loss and total gastrectomy were independent predictors for hypertension remission after gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients. The nomogram could visually display these results.

13.
Front Nutr ; 9: 925086, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105581

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of pre-operative hypoalbuminemia on the short-term outcomes after primary colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery. Materials and methods: The retrospective study enrolled CRC patients who underwent primary surgery from January 2011 to December 2021 in a single teaching hospital. The short-term outcomes were compared between the hypoalbuminemia group and the normal group using propensity score matching (PSM). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used for analyzing independent predictors of overall complications and major complications. Results: A total of 7,072 patients from a single center were enrolled in this study. There were 1,078 (15.2%) patients in the pre-operative hypoalbuminemia group and 5,994 (84.8%) patients in the normal pre-operative albumin group. After 1:1 PSM, there were 1,028 patients in the hypoalbuminemia group and 1,028 patients in the normal group. No significant differences were found in baseline information between the two groups after PSM. In terms of short-term outcomes, the hypoalbuminemia group had a longer operation time (p = 0.003), greater volume of blood loss (p = 0.036), longer hospital stays (p < 0.01), higher proportion of overall complications (p = 0.003), major complications (p = 0.016), higher incidence of pneumonia and abdominal infection (p = 0.001) than the normal group after PSM. Furthermore, hypoalbuminemia was an independent predictor for overall complications (p = 0.008) and major complications (p = 0.016). Conclusion: Pre-operative hypoalbuminemia increased overall complications and major complications after primary CRC surgery. Furthermore, hypoalbuminemia was an independent predictor for overall complications and major complications.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 241: 113829, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068756

RESUMO

Lead (Pb) is a naturally occurring heavy metal, which can damage the brain and affect learning and memory. Sodium para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS-Na), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, can readily cross the blood-brain barrier. Our previous studies have found that PAS-Na alleviated Pb-induced hippocampal ultrastructural damage and neurodegeneration, but the mechanism has yet to be defined. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that mediate Pb-induced apoptosis in hippocampal neurons, and the efficacy of PAS-Na in alleviating its effects. This work showed that juvenile developmental Pb exposure impaired rats cognitive ability by inducing apoptotic cell death in hippocampal neurons. Pb-induced neuronal apoptosis was accompanied by increased inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) expression and enhanced intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i levels, which resulted in increased phosphorylation of neuronal apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) and p38. Activation of ASK1 and p38 was blocked by IP3R inhibitor and a Ca2+ chelator. Importantly, PAS-Na treatment improved the Pb-induced effects on cognitive deficits in rats, concomitant with rescued neuronal apoptosis. In addition, PAS-Na reduced the expression of IP3R and the ensuing increase in intracellular Ca2+ and decreased the phosphorylation of ASK1 and p38 in Pb-exposed neurons. Taken together, this study demonstrates that the IP3R-Ca2+-ASK1-p38 signaling pathway mediates Pb-induced apoptosis in hippocampal neurons, and that PAS-Na, at a specific dose-range, ameliorates these changes. Collectively, this study sheds novel light on the cellular mechanisms that mediate PAS-Na efficacy, laying the groundwork for future research to examine the treatment potential of PAS-Na upon Pb poisoning.


Assuntos
Ácido Aminossalicílico , Ácido Aminossalicílico/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose , Hipocampo , Chumbo/toxicidade , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais , Sódio
15.
Anim Nutr ; 10: 372-381, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35949197

RESUMO

Our previous studies demonstrated that oral vitamin A supplementation during late-stage pregnancy and the neonatal stage enhances birth weight, growth performance, and mRNA expression related to muscle and preadipocyte development in beef cattle. The alcohol dehydrogenase 1C (ADH1C) c.-64T > C genotype also correlated with vitamin A concentration in beef production. This study aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin A supplementation on the muscle development and vitamin A metabolism in weaned beef calves with different ADH1C genotypes. Twenty male calves (90 d of age; initial BW: 89.03 kg [SD 8.60]) were stratified according to ADH1C genotype and vitamin A treatment (duration: 3 months) and randomly assigned to 4 groups with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Vitamin A treatments included the following: control (10,000 IU/kg of as-fed, a. TT type; b. TC type); treatment (40,000 IU/kg of as-fed, c. TT type; and d. TC type). Parameters including BW, FI, blood, longissimus dorsi muscle, and liver status during the experimental period were analyzed using the generalized linear model (GLM) procedure and Tukey's test by SAS 9.4 program. Serum vitamin A was significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the vitamin A treatment group at 4 and 6 months of age. TT type calves showed higher serum vitamin A concentration (P < 0.05) than the TC type calves. Serum triglyceride and non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) levels increased (P < 0.05) in the treatment group compared with the control at 6 months of age. However, BW, ADG and FI showed no differences between the groups. In addition, mRNA expression in longissimus dorsi muscle revealed upregulation of paired box 7 (PAX7) (P < 0.05) after the vitamin A treatment period based on biopsy results. Both ADH1C and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 1A1 mRNA expression was downregulated (P < 0.01) by vitamin A supplementation. The TC type of ADH1C showed higher mRNA expression than the TT type. However, no effect was observed on adipogenic mRNA expression (preadipocyte factor-1 [PREF-1], peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma [PPARγ], fatty acid binding protein 4 [FABP4]) in all groups. Our findings suggest that weaned calves treated with vitamin A may promote the storage of satellite cells by elevating PAX7 gene expression in the muscle. The TC type calves may show increased capacity for vitamin A metabolism, which can be used in genetically customizing feed management to maximize beef production in the calves.

16.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 14(6): 1199-1209, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35949210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients after primary CRC surgery is controversial. AIM: To analyze whether CKD had specific effect on the outcomes after CRC surgery. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library databases and CNKI, from inception to March 14, 2022. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used for the quality assessment in this meta-analysis, and we used RevMan 5.3 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: A total of nine studies including 47771 patients were eligible for this meta-analysis. No significant difference was found in terms of overall postoperative complications [odds ratio (OR) = 1.78, 95%CI: 0.64-4.94, P = 0.27]. We analyzed the specific complications and found that the CKD group had higher rates of pulmonary infection (OR = 2.70, 95%CI: 1.82-4.00, P < 0.01), cardiovascular complications (OR = 3.39, 95%CI: 2.34-4.91, P < 0.01) and short-term death (OR = 3.01, 95%CI: 2.20-4.11, P < 0.01). After pooling the hazard ratio (HR), the CKD group had worse overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.51, 95%CI: 1.04-2.20, P = 0.03). We performed subgroup analyses of the dialysis and non-dialysis groups, and no significant difference was found in the non-dialysis group (HR = 1.20, 95%CI: 0.98-1.47, P = 0.08). The dialysis group had worse OS (HR = 3.36, 95%CI: 1.92-5.50, P < 0.01) than the non-dialysis group. The CKD group had worse disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 1.41, 95%CI: 1.12-1.78, P < 0.01), and in the subgroup analysis of the dialysis and non-dialysis groups, no significant difference was found in the non-dialysis group (HR = 1.27, 95%CI: 0.97-1.66, P = 0.08). The dialysis group had worse OS (HR = 1.95, 95%CI: 1.23-3.10, P < 0.01) than the non-dialysis group. CONCLUSION: Preexisting CKD was associated with higher rates of pulmonary infection, higher rates of short-term death, and worse OS and poorer DFS following CRC surgery.

17.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-8, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35976038

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) affects the prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients after primary surgery and to analyze the effect of the specific components of MetS on CRC prognosis. METHODS: The PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to July 29, 2021. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between the MetS group and the non-MetS group. RESULTS: The studies included in the meta-analysis included 4773 patients. All seven studies compared OS between the two groups, and after pooling all hazard ratios (HRs), no significant difference was found between the MetS group and the non-MetS group (HR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.91 to 1.49, P = 0.21). Four studies compared DFS between the MetS group and the non-MetS group after pooling all the HRs, and there was no difference between the MetS group and the non-MetS group (HR = 1.05, 95% CI = 0.74 to 1.49, P = 0.21). Among the specific components of MetS, high fasting plasma glucose levels (HR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.00 to 1.58, P = 0.05) had a marginally significant association with poor OS. CONCLUSION: MetS may not affect the prognosis of CRC after primary surgery. However, high fasting plasma glucose levels might contribute to poor OS.

18.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 24(12): 2295-2304, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35972682

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a malignant tumor initiating from the mucosa of the colorectum. According to the 2020 statistics from the World Health Organization, there are 10.0% CRC cases among all 19.3 million new cancers, followed by lung and breast cancer, and 9.4% CRC cases among all 9.9 million cancer deaths, ranking second. The population of CRC patients in China is large, and its incidence and mortality continue to increase each year. Despite the continuous development of surgical methods, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, the overall survival of CRC patients remains low. Past research has suggested that c-myc plays a pivotal role in the development of CRC. A higher expression level of c-Myc is a negative prognostic marker in CRC. However, there are few drugs targeting c-myc directly. Therefore, we focused on discovering the mechanism of c-myc in CRC to provide a reference for a better therapy choice for patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc , China , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo
19.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 846, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether hypokalemia can affect the short-term outcomes of CRC patients after radical surgery remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of preoperative hypokalemia on the short-term outcomes for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who underwent radical CRC surgery using propensity score matching (PSM). METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled consecutive CRC patients from Jan 2011 to Dec 2021 in a single-center hospital. Hypokalemia was defined as a serum potassium concentration < 3.5 mmol/L. The short-term outcomes were compared between the hypokalemia group and the normal blood potassium group. In addition, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify independent risk factors for overall complications. RESULTS: A total of 6183 CRC patients who underwent radical surgery were included in this study, of whom 390 (6.3%) patients were diagnosed with hypokalemia before surgery. After 1:1 ratio PSM, there were 390 patients in the hypokalemia group and in the normal potassium group. No significant difference was found between the two groups after PSM in terms of baseline information (p > 0.05). Regarding short-term outcomes, the hypokalemia group had a longer hospital stay (p = 0.028), a higher proportion of overall complications (p = 0.048) and a higher incidence of postoperative pneumonia (p = 0.008) after PSM. Moreover, hypokalemia (p = 0.036, OR = 1.291, 95% CI = 1.017-1.639) was an independent risk factor for overall complications. CONCLUSION: Preoperative hypokalemia could increase complications after CRC surgery and prolong the hospital stay. Moreover, preoperative hypokalemia was an independent risk factor for overall complications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipopotassemia , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipopotassemia/complicações , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Potássio , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
ACS Nano ; 16(8): 13101-13110, 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946592

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) metal batteries with high energy density are of great promise for next-generation energy storage; however, they suffer from severe Li dendritic growth and an unstable solid electrolyte interphase. In this study, a mixed ionic and electronic conductive (MIEC) interphase layer with an adjustable ratio assembled by ZnO and Zn nanoparticles is developed. During the initial cycle, the in situ formed Li2O with high ionic conductivity and a lithiophilic LiZn alloy with high electronic conductivity enable fast Li+ transportation in the interlayer and charge transfer at the ion/electron conductive junction, respectively. The optimized interface kinetics is achieved by balancing the ion migration and charge transfer in the MIEC Li2O-LiZn interphase. As a result, the symmetric cell with MIEC interphase delivers superior cycling stability of over 1200 h. Also, Li||Zn-ZnO@PP||LFP (LFP = LiFePO4) full cells exhibit long cyclic life for 2000 cycles with a very high capacity retention of 91.5% at a high rate of 5 C and stable cycling for 350 cycles at a high LFP loading mass of 13.27 mg cm-2.

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