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2.
Nature ; 581(7807): 199-203, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404997

RESUMO

Recognition of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) triggers the first line of inducible defence against invading pathogens1-3. Receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases (RLCKs) are convergent regulators that associate with multiple PRRs in plants4. The mechanisms that underlie the activation of RLCKs are unclear. Here we show that when MAMPs are detected, the RLCK BOTRYTIS-INDUCED KINASE 1 (BIK1) is monoubiquitinated following phosphorylation, then released from the flagellin receptor FLAGELLIN SENSING 2 (FLS2)-BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1-ASSOCIATED KINASE 1 (BAK1) complex, and internalized dynamically into endocytic compartments. The Arabidopsis E3 ubiquitin ligases RING-H2 FINGER A3A (RHA3A) and RHA3B mediate the monoubiquitination of BIK1, which is essential for the subsequent release of BIK1 from the FLS2-BAK1 complex and activation of immune signalling. Ligand-induced monoubiquitination and endosomal puncta of BIK1 exhibit spatial and temporal dynamics that are distinct from those of the PRR FLS2. Our study reveals the intertwined regulation of PRR-RLCK complex activation by protein phosphorylation and ubiquitination, and shows that ligand-induced monoubiquitination contributes to the release of BIK1 family RLCKs from the PRR complex and activation of PRR signalling.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/química , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/imunologia , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Imunidade Vegetal/imunologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Receptores de Reconhecimento de Padrão/imunologia , Ubiquitinação , Arabidopsis/enzimologia , Endocitose , Ligantes , Padrões Moleculares Associados a Patógenos/imunologia , Fosforilação , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
3.
Anal Chem ; 92(10): 7162-7170, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343560

RESUMO

Multiplexed isobaric labeling methods, such as tandem mass tags (TMT), remarkably improve the throughput of quantitative mass spectrometry. Here, we present a 27-plex TMT method coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography (LC/LC) for extensive peptide fractionation and high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for peptide quantification and then apply the method to profile the complex human brain proteome of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The 27-plex method combines multiplexed capacities of the 11-plex and the 16-plex TMT, as the peptides labeled by the two TMT sets display different mass and hydrophobicity, which can be well separated in LC-MS/MS. We first systematically optimized the protocol for the newly developed 16-plex TMT, including labeling reaction, desalting, and MS conditions, and then directly compared the 11-plex and 16-plex methods by analyzing the same human AD samples. Both methods yielded similar proteome coverage, analyzing >100 000 peptides in >10 000 human proteins. Furthermore, the 11-plex and 16-plex samples were mixed for a 27-plex assay, resulting in more than 8000 protein measurements within the same MS time. The 27-plex results are highly consistent with those of the individual 11-plex and 16-plex TMT analyses. We also used these proteomics data sets to compare the AD brain with the nondementia controls, discovering major AD-related proteins and revealing numerous novel protein alterations enriched in the pathways of amyloidosis, immunity, mitochondrial, and synaptic functions. Overall, our data strongly demonstrate that this new 27-plex strategy is highly feasible for routine large-scale proteomic analysis.

4.
Nat Immunol ; 21(6): 660-670, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341509

RESUMO

Within germinal centers (GCs), complex and highly orchestrated molecular programs must balance proliferation, somatic hypermutation and selection to both provide effective humoral immunity and to protect against genomic instability and neoplastic transformation. In contrast to this complexity, GC B cells are canonically divided into two principal populations, dark zone (DZ) and light zone (LZ) cells. We now demonstrate that, following selection in the LZ, B cells migrated to specialized sites within the canonical DZ that contained tingible body macrophages and were sites of ongoing cell division. Proliferating DZ (DZp) cells then transited into the larger DZ to become differentiating DZ (DZd) cells before re-entering the LZ. Multidimensional analysis revealed distinct molecular programs in each population commensurate with observed compartmentalization of noncompatible functions. These data provide a new three-cell population model that both orders critical GC functions and reveals essential molecular programs of humoral adaptive immunity.

5.
Mol Cell ; 77(6): 1206-1221.e7, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980388

RESUMO

Alternative polyadenylation (APA) contributes to transcriptome complexity by generating mRNA isoforms with varying 3' UTR lengths. APA leading to 3' UTR shortening (3' US) is a common feature of most cancer cells; however, the molecular mechanisms are not understood. Here, we describe a widespread mechanism promoting 3' US in cancer through ubiquitination of the mRNA 3' end processing complex protein, PCF11, by the cancer-specific MAGE-A11-HUWE1 ubiquitin ligase. MAGE-A11 is normally expressed only in the male germline but is frequently re-activated in cancers. MAGE-A11 is necessary for cancer cell viability and is sufficient to drive tumorigenesis. Screening for targets of MAGE-A11 revealed that it ubiquitinates PCF11, resulting in loss of CFIm25 from the mRNA 3' end processing complex. This leads to APA of many transcripts affecting core oncogenic and tumor suppressors, including cyclin D2 and PTEN. These findings provide insights into the molecular mechanisms driving APA in cancer and suggest therapeutic strategies.

6.
Cancer Res ; 80(7): 1524-1537, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948942

RESUMO

Mutations in Sonic hedgehog (SHH) signaling promote aberrant proliferation and tumor growth. SHH-medulloblastoma (MB) is among the most frequent brain tumors in children less than 3 years of age. Although key components of the SHH pathway are well-known, we hypothesized that new disease-modifying targets of SHH-MB might be identified from large-scale bioinformatics and systems biology analyses. Using a data-driven systems biology approach, we built a MB-specific interactome. The ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCC4 was identified as a modulator of SHH-MB. Accordingly, increased ABCC4 expression correlated with poor overall survival in patients with SHH-MB. Knockdown of ABCC4 expression markedly blunted the constitutive activation of the SHH pathway secondary to Ptch1 or Sufu insufficiency. In human tumor cell lines, ABCC4 knockdown and inhibition reduced full-length GLI3 levels. In a clinically relevant murine SHH-MB model, targeted ablation of Abcc4 in primary tumors significantly reduced tumor burden and extended the lifespan of tumor-bearing mice. These studies reveal ABCC4 as a potent SHH pathway regulator and a new candidate to target with the potential to improve SHH-MB therapy. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings identify ABCC4 transporter as a new target in SHH-MB, prompting the development of inhibitors or the repurporsing of existing drugs to target ABCC4.

7.
Neuron ; 105(6): 975-991.e7, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926610

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) displays a long asymptomatic stage before dementia. We characterize AD stage-associated molecular networks by profiling 14,513 proteins and 34,173 phosphosites in the human brain with mass spectrometry, highlighting 173 protein changes in 17 pathways. The altered proteins are validated in two independent cohorts, showing partial RNA dependency. Comparisons of brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid proteomes reveal biomarker candidates. Combining with 5xFAD mouse analysis, we determine 15 Aß-correlated proteins (e.g., MDK, NTN1, SMOC1, SLIT2, and HTRA1). 5xFAD shows a proteomic signature similar to symptomatic AD but exhibits activation of autophagy and interferon response and lacks human-specific deleterious events, such as downregulation of neurotrophic factors and synaptic proteins. Multi-omics integration prioritizes AD-related molecules and pathways, including amyloid cascade, inflammation, complement, WNT signaling, TGF-ß and BMP signaling, lipid metabolism, iron homeostasis, and membrane transport. Some Aß-correlated proteins are colocalized with amyloid plaques. Thus, the multilayer omics approach identifies protein networks during AD progression.

8.
Brain ; 143(2): 650-660, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31834365

RESUMO

To date, there is no validated fluid biomarker for tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease, with contradictory results from studies evaluating the correlation between phosphorylated tau in CSF with tau PET imaging. Tau protein is subjected to proteolytic processing into fragments before being secreted to the CSF. A recent study suggested that tau cleavage after amino acid 368 by asparagine endopeptidase (AEP) is upregulated in Alzheimer's disease. We used immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometric analyses to evaluate the presence of tau368 species in CSF. A novel Simoa® assay for quantification of tau368 in CSF was developed, while total tau (t-tau) was measured by ELISA and the presence of tau368 in tangles was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. The diagnostic utility of tau368 was first evaluated in a pilot study (Alzheimer's disease = 20, control = 20), then in a second cohort where the IWG-2 biomarker criteria were applied (Alzheimer's disease = 37, control = 45), and finally in a third cohort where the correlation with 18F-GTP1 tau PET was evaluated (Alzheimer's disease = 38, control = 11). The tau368/t-tau ratio was significantly decreased in Alzheimer's disease (P < 0.001) in all cohorts. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that tau fragments ending at 368 are present in tangles. There was a strong negative correlation between the CSF tau368/t-tau ratio and 18F-GTP1 retention. Our data suggest that tau368 is a tangle-enriched fragment and that the CSF ratio tau368/t-tau reflects tangle pathology. This novel tau biomarker could be used to improve diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and to facilitate the development of drug candidates targeting tau pathology. Furthermore, future longitudinal studies will increase our understanding of tau pathophysiology in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies.

9.
Autophagy ; 16(5): 917-931, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362587

RESUMO

Macroautophagy (autophagy) is a key catabolic pathway for the maintenance of proteostasis through constant digestion of selective cargoes. The selectivity of autophagy is mediated by autophagy receptors that recognize and recruit cargoes to autophagosomes. SQSTM1/p62 is a prototype autophagy receptor, which is commonly found in protein aggregates associated with major neurodegenerative diseases. While accumulation of SQSTM1 implicates a disturbance of selective autophagy pathway, the pathogenic mechanism that contributes to impaired autophagy degradation remains poorly characterized. Herein we show that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD)-linked mutations of TBK1 and SQSTM1 disrupt selective autophagy and cause neurotoxicity. Our data demonstrates that proteotoxic stress activates serine/threonine kinase TBK1, which coordinates with autophagy kinase ULK1 to promote concerted phosphorylation of autophagy receptor SQSTM1 at the UBA domain and activation of selective autophagy. In contrast, ALS-FTLD-linked mutations of TBK1 or SQSTM1 reduce SQSTM1 phosphorylation and compromise ubiquitinated cargo binding and clearance. Moreover, disease mutation SQSTM1G427R abolishes phosphorylation of Ser351 and impairs KEAP1-SQSTM1 interaction, thus diminishing NFE2L2/Nrf2-targeted gene expression and increasing TARDBP/TDP-43 associated stress granule formation under oxidative stress. Furthermore, expression of SQSTM1G427R in neurons impairs dendrite morphology and KEAP1-NFE2L2 signaling. Therefore, our results reveal a mechanism whereby pathogenic SQSTM1 mutants inhibit selective autophagy and disrupt NFE2L2 anti-oxidative stress response underlying the neurotoxicity in ALS-FTLD.Abbreviations: ALS: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; FTLD: frontotemporal lobar degeneration; G3BP1: GTPase-activating protein (SH3 domain) binding protein 1; GSTM1: glutathione S-transferase, mu 1; HMOX/HO-1: Heme oxygenase 1; IP: immunoprecipitation; KEAP1: kelch-like ECH associated protein 1; KI: kinase inactive; KIR: KEAP1 interaction region; KO: knockout; MAP1LC3/LC3: microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3; MBP: maltose binding protein; NBR1: NBR1, autophagy cargo receptor; NFE2L2/Nrf2: nuclear factor, erythroid derived 2, like 2; NQO1: NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1; SQSTM1/p62: sequestosome 1; SOD1: superoxide dismutase 1, soluble; S.S.: serum starvation; TARDBP/TDP-43: TAR DNA binding protein; TBK1: TANK binding kinase 1; UBA: ubiquitin association; ULK1: unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1; WT: wild type.

10.
Immunity ; 51(6): 1012-1027.e7, 2019 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668641

RESUMO

Regulatory T (Treg) cells are critical mediators of immune tolerance whose activity depends upon T cell receptor (TCR) and mTORC1 kinase signaling, but the mechanisms that dictate functional activation of these pathways are incompletely understood. Here, we showed that amino acids license Treg cell function by priming and sustaining TCR-induced mTORC1 activity. mTORC1 activation was induced by amino acids, especially arginine and leucine, accompanied by the dynamic lysosomal localization of the mTOR and Tsc complexes. Rag and Rheb GTPases were central regulators of amino acid-dependent mTORC1 activation in effector Treg (eTreg) cells. Mice bearing RagA-RagB- or Rheb1-Rheb2-deficient Treg cells developed a fatal autoimmune disease and had reduced eTreg cell accumulation and function. RagA-RagB regulated mitochondrial and lysosomal fitness, while Rheb1-Rheb2 enforced eTreg cell suppressive gene signature. Together, these findings reveal a crucial requirement of amino acid signaling for licensing and sustaining mTORC1 activation and functional programming of Treg cells.


Assuntos
Arginina/metabolismo , Leucina/metabolismo , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Proteínas Monoméricas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteína Enriquecida em Homólogo de Ras do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Ciclo Celular , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Tolerância Imunológica/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Monoméricas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteína Enriquecida em Homólogo de Ras do Encéfalo/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia
11.
Anal Chem ; 91(20): 12882-12889, 2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536324

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. The formation of amyloid plaques by aggregated amyloid beta (Aß) peptides is a primary event in AD pathology. Understanding the metabolomic features and related pathways is critical for studying plaque-related pathological events (e.g., cell death and neuron dysfunction). Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI), due to its high sensitivity and ability to obtain the spatial distribution of metabolites, has been applied to AD studies. However, limited studies of metabolites in amyloid plaques have been performed due to the drawbacks of the commonly used techniques such as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization MSI. In the current study, we obtained high spatial resolution (∼17 µm) MS images of the AD mouse brain using the Single-probe, a microscale sampling and ionization device, coupled to a mass spectrometer under ambient conditions. The adjacent slices were used to obtain fluorescence microscopy images to locate amyloid plaques. The MS image and the fluorescence microscopy image were fused to spatially correlate histological protein hallmarks with metabolomic features. The fused images produced significantly improved spatial resolution (∼5 µm), allowing for the determination of fine structures in MS images and metabolomic biomarkers representing amyloid plaques.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3718, 2019 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420543

RESUMO

High throughput omics approaches provide an unprecedented opportunity for dissecting molecular mechanisms in cancer biology. Here we present deep profiling of whole proteome, phosphoproteome and transcriptome in two high-grade glioma (HGG) mouse models driven by mutated RTK oncogenes, PDGFRA and NTRK1, analyzing 13,860 proteins and 30,431 phosphosites by mass spectrometry. Systems biology approaches identify numerous master regulators, including 41 kinases and 23 transcription factors. Pathway activity computation and mouse survival indicate the NTRK1 mutation induces a higher activation of AKT downstream targets including MYC and JUN, drives a positive feedback loop to up-regulate multiple other RTKs, and confers higher oncogenic potency than the PDGFRA mutation. A mini-gRNA library CRISPR-Cas9 validation screening shows 56% of tested master regulators are important for the viability of NTRK-driven HGG cells, including TFs (Myc and Jun) and metabolic kinases (AMPKa1 and AMPKa2), confirming the validity of the multiomics integrative approaches, and providing novel tumor vulnerabilities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Glioma/genética , Proteômica , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Retroalimentação Fisiológica , Glioma/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mutação , Proteína Oncogênica p65(gag-jun)/metabolismo , Fosfopeptídeos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Receptor trkA/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Biologia de Sistemas , Regulação para Cima
13.
Cell Rep ; 28(5): 1268-1281.e6, 2019 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365869

RESUMO

Skeletal muscle cell (myofiber) atrophy is a detrimental component of aging and cancer that primarily results from muscle protein degradation via the proteasome and ubiquitin ligases. Transcriptional upregulation of some ubiquitin ligases contributes to myofiber atrophy, but little is known about the role that most other ubiquitin ligases play in this process. To address this question, we have used RNAi screening in Drosophila to identify the function of > 320 evolutionarily conserved ubiquitin ligases in myofiber size regulation in vivo. We find that whereas RNAi for some ubiquitin ligases induces myofiber atrophy, loss of others (including the N-end rule ubiquitin ligase UBR4) promotes hypertrophy. In Drosophila and mouse myofibers, loss of UBR4 induces hypertrophy via decreased ubiquitination and degradation of a core set of target proteins, including the HAT1/RBBP4/RBBP7 histone-binding complex. Together, this study defines the repertoire of ubiquitin ligases that regulate myofiber size and the role of UBR4 in myofiber hypertrophy.

14.
EMBO Rep ; 20(7): e47352, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267705

RESUMO

Melanoma antigen genes (MAGEs) are emerging as important oncogenic drivers that are normally restricted to expression in male germ cells but are aberrantly expressed in cancers and promote tumorigenesis. Mechanistically, MAGEs function as substrate specifying subunits of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Thus, the activation of germline-specific genes in cancer can drive metabolic and signaling pathways through altered ubiquitination to promote tumorigenesis. However, the mechanisms regulating MAGE expression and activity are unclear. Here, we describe how the MAGE-A3/6 proteins that function as repressors of autophagy are downregulated in response to nutrient deprivation. Short-term cellular starvation promotes rapid MAGE-A3/6 degradation in a proteasome-dependent manner. Proteomic analysis reveals that degradation of MAGE-A3/6 is controlled by the CRL4-DCAF12 E3 ubiquitin ligase. Importantly, the degradation of MAGE-A3/6 by CRL4-DCAF12 is required for starvation-induced autophagy. These findings suggest that oncogenic MAGEs can be dynamically controlled in response to stress to allow cellular adaptation, autophagy regulation, and tumor growth and that CRL4-DCAF12 activity is responsive to nutrient status.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Nutrientes/deficiência , Proteólise , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias/química , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Autofagia , Regulação para Baixo , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/química , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos
15.
J Neurosci ; 39(37): 7291-7305, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358653

RESUMO

The oxidative metabolism of dopamine and consequent oxidative stress are implicated in dopaminergic neuronal loss, mediating the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). The inducible detoxifying antioxidative enzyme Quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) (NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1), neuroprotective to counteract reactive oxidative species, is most prominent in the active stage of the disease and virtually absent at the end stage of the disease. However, the molecular mechanism dictating NQO1 expression oscillation remains unclear. Here we show that Akt phosphorylates NQO1 at T128 residues and triggers its polyubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, abrogating its antioxidative effects in PD. Akt binds NQO1 in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. Interestingly, Akt, but not PINK1, provokes NQO1 phosphorylation and polyubiquitination with Parkin as an E3 ligase. Unphosphorylatable NQO1 mutant displays more robust neuroprotective activity than WT NQO1 in suppressing reactive oxidative species and against MPTP-induced dopaminergic cell death, rescuing the motor disorders in both α-synuclein transgenic transgenic male and female mice elicited by the neurotoxin. Thus, our findings demonstrate that blockade of Akt-mediated NQO1 degradation may ameliorate PD pathogenesis.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Dopaminergic neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with the imbalance of oxidative metabolism of dopamine. Quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1), a potent antioxidant system, its expression levels are prominently increased in the early and intermediate stages of PD and disappeared in the end-stage PD. The molecular modification behavior of NQO1 after it is upregulated by oxidative stress in the early stage of PD, however, remains unclear. This study shows that Akt binds and phosphorylates NQO1 at T128 residue and promotes its ubiquitination and degradation, and Parkin acts as an E3 ligase in this process, which affects the antioxidant capacity of NQO1. This finding provides a novel molecular mechanism for NQO1 oscillation in PD pathogenesis.

16.
Genome Res ; 29(8): 1262-1276, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249065

RESUMO

Organisms use endogenous clocks to adapt to the rhythmicity of the environment and to synchronize social activities. Although the circadian cycle is implicated in aging, it is unknown whether natural variation in its function contributes to differences in lifespan between populations and whether the circadian clock of specific tissues is key for longevity. We have sequenced the genomes of Drosophila melanogaster strains with exceptional longevity that were obtained via multiple rounds of selection from a parental strain. Comparison of genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic data revealed that changes in gene expression due to intergenic polymorphisms are associated with longevity and preservation of skeletal muscle function with aging in these strains. Analysis of transcription factors differentially modulated in long-lived versus parental strains indicates a possible role of circadian clock core components. Specifically, there is higher period and timeless and lower cycle expression in the muscle of strains with delayed aging compared to the parental strain. These changes in the levels of circadian clock transcription factors lead to changes in the muscle circadian transcriptome, which includes genes involved in metabolism, proteolysis, and xenobiotic detoxification. Moreover, a skeletal muscle-specific increase in timeless expression extends lifespan and recapitulates some of the transcriptional and circadian changes that differentiate the long-lived from the parental strains. Altogether, these findings indicate that the muscle circadian clock is important for longevity and that circadian gene variants contribute to the evolutionary divergence in longevity across populations.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/genética , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Genoma de Inseto , Longevidade/genética , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Proteínas Circadianas Period/genética , Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/metabolismo , Animais , Evolução Biológica , Ritmo Circadiano/genética , DNA Intergênico/genética , DNA Intergênico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Genética Populacional , Genômica , Músculo Esquelético/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas Circadianas Period/metabolismo , Polimorfismo Genético , Transcriptoma , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
18.
Mol Omics ; 15(3): 173-188, 2019 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106784

RESUMO

Protein kinases orchestrate signal transduction pathways involved in central nervous system functions ranging from neurodevelopment to synaptic transmission and plasticity. Abnormalities in kinase-mediated signaling are involved in the pathophysiology of neurological disorders, including neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we expand on the hypothesis that kinase networks are dysregulated in schizophrenia. We investigated changes in serine/threonine kinase activity in cortical excitatory neurons differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from a schizophrenia patient presenting with a 4 bp mutation in the disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene and a corresponding control. Using kinome peptide arrays, we demonstrate large scale abnormalities in DISC1 cells, including a global depression of serine/threonine kinase activity, and changes in activity of kinases, including AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), and thousand-and-one amino acid (TAO) kinases. Using isogenic cell lines in which the DISC1 mutation is either introduced in the control cell line, or rescued in the schizophrenia cell line, we ascribe most of these changes to a direct effect of the presence of the DISC1 mutation. Investigating the gene expression signatures downstream of the DISC1 kinase network, and mapping them on perturbagen signatures obtained from the Library of Integrated Network-based Cellular Signatures (LINCS) database, allowed us to propose novel drug targets able to reverse the DISC1 kinase dysregulation gene expression signature. Altogether, our findings provide new insight into abnormalities of kinase networks in schizophrenia and suggest possible targets for disease intervention.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Neurônios , Transdução de Sinais , Sinapses/fisiologia , Transmissão Sináptica
19.
Blood ; 133(23): 2518-2528, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971389

RESUMO

The microRNA (miRNA) locus miR-144/451 is abundantly expressed in erythrocyte precursors, facilitating their terminal maturation and protecting against oxidant stress. However, the full repertoire of erythroid miR-144/451 target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and associated cellular pathways is unknown. In general, the numbers of mRNAs predicted to be targeted by an miRNA vary greatly from hundreds to thousands, and are dependent on experimental approaches. To comprehensively and accurately identify erythroid miR-144/451 target mRNAs, we compared gene knockout and wild-type fetal liver erythroblasts by RNA sequencing, quantitative proteomics, and RNA immunoprecipitation of Argonaute (Ago), a component of the RNA-induced silencing complex that binds miRNAs complexed to their target mRNAs. Argonaute bound ∼1400 erythroblast mRNAs in a miR-144/451-dependent manner, accounting for one-third of all Ago-bound mRNAs. However, only ∼100 mRNAs were stabilized after miR-144/451 loss. Thus, miR-144 and miR-451 deregulate <10% of mRNAs that they bind, a characteristic that likely applies generally to other miRNAs. Using stringent selection criteria, we identified 53 novel miR-144/451 target mRNAs. One of these, Cox10, facilitates the assembly of mitochondrial electron transport complex IV. Loss of miR-144/451 caused increased Cox10 mRNA and protein, accumulation of complex IV, and increased mitochondrial membrane potential with no change in mitochondrial mass. Thus, miR-144/451 represses mitochondrial respiration during erythropoiesis by inhibiting the production of Cox10.


Assuntos
Alquil e Aril Transferases/biossíntese , Eritropoese/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/genética , Alquil e Aril Transferases/genética , Animais , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
20.
Mol Cell ; 74(4): 742-757.e8, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30979586

RESUMO

Disturbances in autophagy and stress granule dynamics have been implicated as potential mechanisms underlying inclusion body myopathy (IBM) and related disorders. Yet the roles of core autophagy proteins in IBM and stress granule dynamics remain poorly characterized. Here, we demonstrate that disrupted expression of the core autophagy proteins ULK1 and ULK2 in mice causes a vacuolar myopathy with ubiquitin and TDP-43-positive inclusions; this myopathy is similar to that caused by VCP/p97 mutations, the most common cause of familial IBM. Mechanistically, we show that ULK1/2 localize to stress granules and phosphorylate VCP, thereby increasing VCP's activity and ability to disassemble stress granules. These data suggest that VCP dysregulation and defective stress granule disassembly contribute to IBM-like disease in Ulk1/2-deficient mice. In addition, stress granule disassembly is accelerated by an ULK1/2 agonist, suggesting ULK1/2 as targets for exploiting the higher-order regulation of stress granules for therapeutic intervention of IBM and related disorders.


Assuntos
Proteína Homóloga à Proteína-1 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteína com Valosina/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Animais , Autofagia/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Corpos de Inclusão/genética , Corpos de Inclusão/patologia , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/metabolismo , Doenças por Armazenamento dos Lisossomos/patologia , Camundongos , Doenças Musculares/metabolismo , Doenças Musculares/patologia , Fosforilação/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Ubiquitina/genética
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