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1.
Food Chem ; 311: 125966, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862567

RESUMO

A hapten of sulfabenzamide was first synthesized to generate a monoclonal antibody that simultaneously recognized 32 sulfonamides. The computational simulation showed that the 3D conformation, molecular bend angle, molecular volume, electronic charge of core structure of these drugs all showed influences on the antibody binding. The antibody was combined with a heterologous enzyme-labeled hapten to develop a direct competitive chemiluminescence enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for determination of the 32 sulfonamides in chicken muscle sample. The CRs of the optimized method for these drugs were in the range of 7.3%-1778%, and the IC50 values were in the range of 0.038-11.2 ng/g. The limits of detection for detection of these drugs in chicken were in the range of 0.03-26 ng/g. Their recoveries from the standards fortified blank chicken samples were in the range of 60.8%-97.1%. Therefore, this method could be used as a useful tool for routine screening sulfonamides residues in meat.

2.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(24): 11803-11813, 2019 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866584

RESUMO

Increasing studies have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play vital roles in tumor development and progression. However, the relationship between osteosarcoma and HIF1AAS2 remains unknown. The expression of HIF1AAS2 and miR-129-5p was detected in osteosarcoma cell lines and samples via qRT-PCR. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and invasion assays were performed to determine cell proliferation and invasion ability, and a dual luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine the interaction between HIF1AAS2 and miR-129-5p. We showed that the expression of HIF1A-AS2 was upregulated in the osteosarcoma samples compared with the expression in noncancerous samples. Moreover, patients with high HIF1A-AS2 expression had a shorter overall survival. Ectopic expression of HIF1A-AS2 enhanced osteosarcoma cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion. We found that overexpression of miR-129-5p decreased the luciferase activity of wild-type (WT) HIF1A-AS2 but not mutant HIF1A-AS2. Ectopic expression of HIF1A-AS2 suppressed miR-129-5p expression in MG-63 cells. We demonstrated that miR-129-5p was downregulated in osteosarcoma and was negatively associated with HIF1A-AS2 expression. Furthermore, ectopic expression of miR-129-5p suppressed osteosarcoma cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion. In addition, overexpression of HIF1A-AS2 promoted cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion of osteosarcoma cells through the modulation of miR-129-5p. These results indicated that HIF1A-AS2 might be a potential therapeutic target for osteosarcoma.

4.
Am J Mens Health ; 13(5): 1557988319880764, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672076

RESUMO

Previous studies have reported the clinical efficacy of avanafil for erectile dysfunction (ED), but these findings are controversial. This study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of avanafil for ED. EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library were searched extensively to obtain eligible studies. Clinical outcomes including successful vaginal penetration (SVP), successful intercourse (SI), International Index of Erectile Function-Erectile Function domain (IIEF-EF) score and treatment adverse events (TAEs) were compared using RevMan v.5.3. Eight RCTs involving 3,709 patients were included. The analysis demonstrated that compared with placebo, the SVP (RR = 3.20, 95% CI [2.60, 3.95], p < .001), SI (RR = 2.53, 95% CI [2.19, 2.92], p < .001), change in IIEF-EF score (MD = 4.57, 95% CI [3.68, 5.46], p < .001) and TAEs (RR = 1.78, 95% CI [1.38, 2.31], p < .0001) were significantly higher in the avanafil. In addition, avanafil 200 mg were higher than avanafil 100 mg in SI (RR = 0.86, 95% CI [0.75, 0.99], p = .03) and change in IIEF-EF score (MD = -1.34, 95% CI [-1.67, -1.01], p < .001), but there were no obvious differences in SVP (RR = 0.89; 95% CI [0.74, 1.08], p = .23) and TAEs (RR = 0.97, 95% CI [0.83, 1.14], p = .74) between the two doses. The present evidence suggests that avanafil (especially 200 mg) has the potential to be the drug of choice for ED, but more strict and larger sample size RCTs are need to validate the findings.

7.
Biomater Sci ; 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761913

RESUMO

Three SAP (self-assembling peptide)-tagged fluorinases (FLAs), namely, FLA-ELK16, FLA-L6KD and FLA-18A (named after the SAP used for tagging FLA) were successfully engineered. All three SAP-tagged FLAs could be highly over-expressed using engineered E. coli host cells despite being in the form of aggregates (inclusion bodies). It was noted that all three SAP-tagged FLAs exhibited enzymatic activity. It was also observed that all three SAP-tagged FLAs were capable of self-assembly to form nano-sized particles with different dimensions in aqueous solutions. Strikingly, one of the SAP-tagged FLA (FLA-L6KD) displayed improved enzyme activity, thermostability and reusability, which is potentially ideal for bio-transformation. FLA is an exotic enzyme that is capable of catalysing the formation of C-F bonds using inorganic fluorine ions as substrates. This significant feature enables it to incorporate [18F]-fluoride into different small molecules to generate radiopharmaceuticals in PET (positron emission tomography) labeling. In addition, fluorinase is greatly valuable in synthetic biology for incorporating the fluorine element into building blocks to produce non-natural organofluorines or as a biocatalyst for transforming non-native substrates. Our method would be a further step in making FLA-based biocatalysis even 'greener' by enhancing the enzymatic activity, thermostability and reusability of FLA through the introduction of nano-sized aggregates. Enzymes are such nontrivial biomaterials, which can be manifested in different scenarios. Our research expands their reach and tunes their properties by tagging SAP partners. Thus, this methodology can be put into the 'toolbox' of enzymologists, which can be further explored and generalised for others.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(46): 43751-43765, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659888

RESUMO

In view of the increasing serious water environmental and human health issues caused by oily wastewater, functional superwetting materials with controllable wettability, high durability, and scale preparation methods are highly desired for efficient oil/water separation. In this respect, a pH-responsive multifunctional fabric with switchable surface wettability, favorable mechanical durability, and self-repairing property has been developed via decorating the modified TiO2 nanoparticles of special surface compositions onto the fabric surface. By virtue of the intelligent surface wettability, the resulted superwettable fabric can be used for controllable separation of multiple oil/water mixtures, particularly the complicated oil/water/oil ternary mixtures, showing excellent separation efficiency and high filtration flux even under extreme pH conditions, which is comparable to most of the commercial and currently reported functionalized membranes. Simultaneously, the negative pressure-driven, continuous, high-speed, and highly efficient in situ purification of large volumes of oily wastewater is successfully achieved based on the resulted superwettable fabric. More importantly, with the as-prepared superwettable fabric as the filtration membrane, the continuous in situ separation of the synthetic oily product from the corresponding chemical reaction systems is well performed without interruption of the reaction, demonstrating outstanding merits of simplifying procedures, saving operation time, and increasing product yield. In addition, it is worth noting that the alkali-treated superhydrophilic fabric presents superior photocatalysis self-cleaning performance for various water-soluble organic pollutants. These unique advantages of the functionalized smart superwettable fabric ensure that it can be competent in multifarious relevant challenging settings, indicating a broad prospect for diverse practical applications, especially the oily wastewater treatment and multiple industrial operation optimizations.

9.
Chin Med Sci J ; 34(3): 211-220, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601304

RESUMO

We review the representatives literatures on chronic osteomyelitis, sum up the new insights in recent years into diagnostic options and treatment regimens, analyze the advantages and disadvantages of various diagnostic approaches and treatment strategies, and propose areas of interest to make current diagnostic and treatment strategies more specific.

10.
Vet Microbiol ; 236: 108387, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500721

RESUMO

Given the highly contagious and acute nature of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED), especially in piglets, there is an urgent need for the development of rapid and sensitive diagnostic assays. The diagnostic potentials of specific porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) accessory and nonstructural proteins, if any, have not yet been investigated. In order to determine and compare which of the viral proteins may be useful as diagnostic antigens, whole virus (WV) particles and a panel of structural and nonstructural PEDV proteins [spike subunit 1 (S1), the C-terminal part of ORF3 (ORF3C), envelope (E), nonstructural protein 1 (Nsp1), Nsp2, Ac (acidic domain of Nsp3), and ADRP (ADP-ribose-1-monophosphatase domain of Nsp3), expressed individually in bacterial and/or mammalian cells] were tested for reactivity with sera from PEDV-infected pigs by ELISA and/or western blot analysis. According to western blots, serum antibody interactions with the S1 protein were relatively more sensitive and specific than ORF3C, E and Ac. Furthermore, a total of 851 serum samples from diarrheal pigs of different ages were analyzed by ELISA, with most showing immune-reactivity towards the WV, S1, ORF3C, and E proteins. The earliest IgG antibody response was observed in the one-week-old piglets, with similar antibody ontogeny and patterns of seroconversion for S1, ORF3C, E, and WV antigens. In addition, the pattern of neutralizing antibody was more similar to that of IgA in weaning piglets after PEDV infection. Collectively, these data provide more reliable information on the host immune response to different viral proteins, which will be useful for development of novel serological assays and for design of vaccines that better stimulate protective immunity.

11.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 6649-6659, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Chondrocyte dysfunction and apoptosis are 2 major features during the progression of osteoarthritis. Catalpol, an iridoid glycoside isolated from the root of Rehmannia, is a valuable medication with anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-apoptotic effects in various diseases. However, whether catalpol protects against osteoarthritis has not been investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS To assess the role of catalpol in osteoarthritis and the potential mechanism of action, chondrocytes were treated with interleukin (IL)-1ß and various concentrations of catalpol. Catabolic metabolism, apoptotic level and relative signaling pathway were measured by western blot, real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence staining. Meanwhile, we assess the cartilage degeneration in an experimental rat model using Safranin O fast green staining and cartilage was graded according to the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) system. RESULTS The results showed that catalpol prevented chondrocyte apoptotic level triggered by IL-1ß, suppressed the release of catabolic enzymes, and inhibited the degradation of extracellular matrix induced by IL-1ß. Catalpol also inhibited the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) pathway, reduced the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha) in IL-1ß-treated chondrocytes, and partially reversed cartilage degeneration in the knee joint in animal model of osteoarthritis. CONCLUSIONS Our work suggested that catalpol treatment attenuates IL-1ß-induced inflammatory response and catabolism in rat chondrocytes by inhibiting the NF-kappaB pathway, suggesting the therapeutic potential of catalpol for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(48): 17199-17204, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508869

RESUMO

A chiral Brønsted base catalyzed asymmetric annulation of ortho-alkynylanilines has been developed to access axially chiral naphthyl-C2-indoles via vinylidene ortho-quinone methide (VQM) intermediates. This strategy provides a unique organocatalytic atroposelective route to axially chiral aryl-C2-indole skeletons with excellent enantioselectivity and functional-group tolerance. This transformation was applicable to decagram-scale preparation (50.0 g) with perfect enantioselectivity through simple recrystallization. Moreover, the utility of this reaction was demonstrated by a variety of transformations towards chiral naphthyl-C2-indoles for a series of carbon-heteroatom bond formations. Furthermore, the prepared axially chiral naphthyl-C2-indoles were applied as a chiral skeleton for organocatalytic aza-Baylis-Hillman reaction and asymmetric formal [4+2] tandem cyclization to give the corresponding adducts in high yields with improved enantioselectivity and diastereoselectivity.

13.
J Thorac Dis ; 11(8): 3421-3426, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559046

RESUMO

Background: The key for conducting thymectomy by thoracoscope is the treatment of thymic veins, as they are the most common source of bleeding. The traditional treatment is to cut off the distal and proximal vessels after Ham-Lock clamping. Our team found that it is safe and reliable to use ultrasonic energy to cut off thymic veins in previous open operations. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and safety of thymic vein sealing with ultrasonic energy in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) thymectomy. Methods: A total of 169 patients with or without thymic tumors who underwent thymectomy by thoracoscope were enrolled in the study. Among them, group A, with 89 patients, underwent thoracoscopic thymic vein resection by Ham-Lock, and group B, with 80 patients, did so by ultrasonic energy. The groups were compared in terms of the characteristics of patients, tumors, and perioperative period. Results: There were no significant differences in patients' characteristics between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in blood transfusion, operation time, drainage, and hospitalization (P>0.05). There were no deaths, secondary operation and post-operative blood transfusion, and no serious complications leading to prolonged hospitalization. One patient in group A was converted to thoracotomy due to left anonymous venous hemorrhage, and one patient in group B had thymic venous hemorrhage, but the hemorrhage was successfully stopped under thoracoscope. Conclusions: In VATS thymectomy (with or without thymic tumors), there is no significant difference in the treatment of thymic veins between Ham-Lock clipping and ultrasonic energy in conversion to open surgery in regards to thymic venous hemorrhage, postoperative drainage, blood transfusion, operation time, drainage, and hospital stay. Use of ultrasonic energy is a safe and reliable method for thymic vein disconnection.

14.
J Virol ; 93(24)2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554686

RESUMO

Outbreaks of severe diarrhea in neonatal piglets in Guangdong, China, in 2017 resulted in the isolation and discovery of a novel swine enteric alphacoronavirus (SeACoV) derived from the species Rhinolophus bat coronavirus HKU2 (Y. Pan, X. Tian, P. Qin, B. Wang, et al., Vet Microbiol 211:15-21, 2017). SeACoV was later referred to as swine acute diarrhea syndrome CoV (SADS-CoV) by another group (P. Zhou, H. Fan, T. Lan, X.-L. Yang, et al., Nature 556:255-258, 2018). The present study was set up to investigate the potential species barriers of SADS-CoV in vitro and in vivo We first demonstrated that SADS-CoV possesses a broad species tropism and is able to infect cell lines from diverse species, including bats, mice, rats, gerbils, hamsters, pigs, chickens, nonhuman primates, and humans. Trypsin contributes to but is not essential for SADS-CoV propagation in vitro Furthermore, C57BL/6J mice were inoculated with the virus via oral or intraperitoneal routes. Although the mice exhibited only subclinical infection, they supported viral replication and prolonged infection in the spleen. SADS-CoV nonstructural proteins and double-stranded RNA were detected in splenocytes of the marginal zone on the edge of lymphatic follicles, indicating active replication of SADS-CoV in the mouse model. We identified that splenic dendritic cells (DCs) are the major targets of virus infection by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry approaches. Finally, we demonstrated that SADS-CoV does not utilize known CoV receptors for cellular entry. The ability of SADS-CoV to replicate in various cells lines from a broad range of species and the unexpected tropism for murine DCs provide important insights into the biology of this bat-origin CoV, highlighting its possible ability to cross interspecies barriers.IMPORTANCE Infections with bat-origin coronaviruses (CoVs) (severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV [SARS-CoV] and Middle East respiratory syndrome CoV [MERS-CoV]) have caused severe illness in humans after "host jump" events. Recently, a novel bat-HKU2-like CoV named swine acute diarrhea syndrome CoV (SADS-CoV) has emerged in southern China, causing lethal diarrhea in newborn piglets. It is important to assess the species barriers of SADS-CoV infection since the animal hosts (other than pigs and bats) and zoonotic potential are still unknown. An in vitro susceptibility study revealed a broad species tropism of SADS-CoV, including various rodent and human cell lines. We established a mouse model of SADS-CoV infection, identifying its active replication in splenic dendritic cells, which suggests that SADS-CoV has the potential to infect rodents. These findings highlight the potential cross-species transmissibility of SADS-CoV, although further surveillance in other animal populations is needed to fully understand the ecology of this bat-HKU2-origin CoV.

15.
Nat Biotechnol ; 37(11): 1302-1313, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548728

RESUMO

Targeting membrane proteins could improve the efficacy of T cell-based immunotherapies. To facilitate the identification of T cell targets, we developed a hybrid genetic screening system where the Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon and single guide RNA cassette are nested in an adeno-associated virus (AAV). SB-mediated genomic integration of the single guide RNA cassette enables efficient gene editing in primary murine T cells as well as a screen readout. We performed in vivo AAV-SB-CRISPR screens for membrane protein targets in CD8+ T cells in mouse models of glioblastoma (GBM). We validated screen hits by demonstrating that adoptive transfer of CD8+ T cells with Pdia3, Mgat5, Emp1 or Lag3 gene editing enhances the survival of GBM-bearing mice in both syngeneic and T-cell receptor transgenic models. Transcriptome profiling, single cell sequencing, cytokine assays and T cell signaling analysis showed that Pdia3 editing in T cells enhances effector functions. Engineered PDIA3 mutant EGFRvIII chimeric antigen T cells are more potent in antigen-specific killing of human GBM cells.

16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16907, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464923

RESUMO

This study was to investigate the incidence and the risk factors of postpartum stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and the effect of comprehensive care and rehabilitation program (CCRP) on preventing postpartum SUI.In stage I, 479 puerperae were recruited within 1 week postpartum, then the postpartum SUI incidence at 8th week and its risk factors were investigated. In stage II, 240 vaginal delivery puerperae were enrolled within 1 week postpartum and randomly assigned to CCRP group or control group as 1:1 ratio. The postpartum SUI incidence and pelvic floor muscle function indexes were evaluated at 8th week.In stage I, the postpartum SUI incidence was 25.7%, and SUI puerperae presented with higher body mass index (BMI), vaginal delivery rate, newborn weight, and larger newborn head diameter compared with non-SUI puerperae. Besides, the vaginal delivery, the elevated age and BMI were independent risk factors for postpartum SUI. In stage II, the postpartum SUI incidence in CCRP group was decreased compared with control group, and the vaginal resting pressure, vaginal squeezing pressure, and vaginal contraction duration were increased in CCRP group compared to control group at 8th week postpartum.The incidence of postpartum SUI is 25.7%, and the vaginal delivery, increased age, and BMI are independent risk factors for postpartum SUI. More importantly, CCRP strengthens pelvic floor muscle functions and decreases postpartum SUI incidence in puerperae.


Assuntos
Assistência Integral à Saúde/métodos , Transtornos Puerperais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/reabilitação , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/reabilitação , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Idade Materna , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Distribuição Aleatória , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia
17.
Virology ; 536: 110-118, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419711

RESUMO

Swine enteric alphacoronavirus (SeACoV), also known as swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), belongs to the species Rhinolophus bat coronavirus HKU2. Herein, we report on the primary characterization of SeACoV in vitro. Four antibodies against the SeACoV spike, membrane, nucleocapsid and nonstructural protein 3 capable of reacting with viral antigens in SeACoV-infected Vero cells were generated. We established a DNA-launched SeACoV infectious clone based on the cell adapted passage-10 virus and rescued the recombinant virus with a unique genetic marker in cultured cells. Six subgenomic mRNAs containing the leader-body junction sites, including a bicistronic mRNA encoding the accessory NS7a and NS7b genes, were experimentally identified in SeACoV-infected cells. Cellular ultrastructural changes induced by SeACoV infection were visualized by electron microscopy. The availability of the SeACoV infectious clone and a panel of antibodies against different viral proteins will facilitate further studies on understanding the molecular mechanisms of SeACoV replication and pathogenesis.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338065

RESUMO

Resveratrol (RES) is a polyphenolic compound, and our previous results have demonstrated its neuroprotective effect in a series of animal models. The aim of this study was to investigate its potential effect on a nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rat model. The parameters of liver function and glucose and lipid metabolism were measured. Behavior performance was observed via the open field test (OFT), the sucrose preference test (SPT), the elevated plus maze (EPM), the forced swimming test (FST), and the Morris water maze (MWM). The protein expression levels of Copine 6, p-catenin, catenin, p-glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3ß), GSK3ß, and cyclin D1 in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC) were detected using Western blotting. The results showed that RES could reverse nesfatin-1-related impairment of liver function and glucolipid metabolism, as indicated by the decreased plasma concentrations of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL), indirect bilirubin (IBIL), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), glucose, insulin, and nesfatin-1; increase the plasma level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C); and reduce hepatocyte steatosis in NAFLD rats. Although there was no significant difference among groups with regard to performance in the OFT, EPM, and FST tasks, RES-treated NAFLD rats showed an increased sucrose preference index in the SPT and improved learning and memory ability in the MWM task. Furthermore, the imbalanced protein expression levels of Copine 6, p-catenin, and p-GSK3ß in the hippocampus and PFC of NAFLD rats were also restored to normal by treatment with RES. These results suggested that four consecutive weeks of RES treatment not only ameliorated glucolipid metabolic impairment and liver dysfunction in the NAFLD rat model but also mitigated the attendant behavioral and cognitive impairments. In addition to the mediating role of nesfatin-1, the mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of RES on NAFLD might be associated with its ability to regulate the imbalanced expression level of Copine 6 and the Wnt signaling pathway in the hippocampus and PFC.

19.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(10): 16408-16415, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310357

RESUMO

Aging process in mammals is associated with a decline in amplitude and a long period of circadian behaviors which are regulated by a central circadian regulator in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and local oscillators in peripheral tissues. It is unclear whether enhancing clock function can retard aging. Using fibroblasts expressing per2::lucSV and senescent cells, we revealed cycloastragenol (CAG), a natural aglycone derivative from astragaloside IV, as a clock amplitude enhancing small molecule. CAG could activate telomerase to antiaging, but no reports focused on its effects on circadian rhythm disorders in aging mice. Here we analyze the potential effects of CAG on d-galactose-induced aging mice on the circadian behavior and expression of clock genes. For this purpose, CAG (20 mg/kg orally), was administered daily to d-galactose (150 mg/kg, subcutaneous) mice model of aging for 6 weeks. An actogram analysis of free-running activity of these mice showed that CAG significantly enhances the locomotor activity. We further found that CAG increase expressions of per2 and bmal1 genes in liver and kidney of aging mouse. Furthermore, CAG enhanced clock protein BMAL1 and PER2 levels in aging mouse liver and SCN. Our results indicated that the CAG could restore the behavior of circadian rhythm in aging mice induced by d-galactose. These data of present study suggested that CAG could be used as a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of age-related circadian rhythm disruption.

20.
Neuropeptides ; 76: 101941, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256921

RESUMO

Substance P (SP) is an undecapeptide encoding the tachykinin 1 (TAC1) gene and belongs to the tachykinin family. SP is widely distributed in the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. SP is also produced by nonneuronal cells, such as inflammatory cells and endothelial cells. The biological activities of SP are mainly regulated through the high-affinity neurokinin 1 receptor (NK-1R). The SP/NK-1R system plays an important role in the molecular bases of many human pathophysiologic processes, such as pain, infectious and inflammatory diseases, and cancer. In addition, this system has been implicated in fibrotic diseases and processes such as wound healing, myocardial fibrosis, bowel fibrosis, myelofibrosis, renal fibrosis, and lung fibrosis. Recently, studies have shown that SP plays an important role in liver fibrosis and that NK-1R antagonists can inhibit the progression of fibrosis. NK-1R receptor antagonists could provide clinical solutions for fibrotic diseases. This review summarizes the structure and function of SP and its involvement in fibrotic diseases.

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