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1.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537999

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: The benefits and risks of restarting antiplatelet therapy (APT) for patients with spontaneous intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) remain controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to explore the efficacy and safety of restarting APT for these patients. METHODS: We followed the recommended PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. Studies from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI and the Cochrane Library were systematically retrieved from the inception of each database to 31 July 2020. We also manually retrieved studies of reference. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In this study, seven cohort studies and one randomized controlled trial (RCT) with subjects were included. APT resumption after spontaneous ICH did not significantly increase the risk of major haemorrhagic events (HR 1.15; 95% CI: 0.70-1.89; p = .59). However, it did not significantly reduce the risk of a composite endpoint concerning occlusive/thromboembolic events (HR 0.98; 95% CI: 0.81-1.19; p = .83) and all-cause mortality (HR 0.93; 95% CI: 0.80-1.08; p = .35). WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: Restarting APT for patients with spontaneous ICH is generally safe. However, the benefits of reducing the risk of ischaemic vascular events and all-cause mortality were not apparent. More RCTs are required.

2.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406863

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between weekly specific maternal air pollution exposures and low birth weight. We fitted a distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) to analyze the nonlinear exposure-response association and delayed effects of air pollutants on the risk for low birth weight. The model assumed that all live births have 40 gestational weeks.The 1st week lag was the 40th gestational week, and 40th lag week was the 1st gestational week.The study included 71,809 live births (from July 1, 2016, to June 30, 2019), of which 2,391 (3.33%) exhibited low birth weight. The results demonstrated that exposure of pregnant women to PM10 at lag 22-30 weeks was significantly associated with low birth weight risk, with the greatest impact at the lag 30 week. Exposure to SO2 at lag 29-37 weeks was significantly associated with low birth weight risk. The sensitive exposure window for NO2 began at lag 25-37 weeks of pregnancy. The lag 6-10 weeks constituted the susceptible exposure window for O3. Therefore we concluded that maternal exposures to PM10, SO2, NO2, and O3 were associated with increased risk for low birth weight.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113404, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976970

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Danqi Pill, composed of the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and the root of Panax notoginseng, is effective in the clinical treatment of myocardial ischemia in coronary heart diseases. A number of studies have shown that autophagy plays an essential role in cardiac function and energy metabolism, and disordered autophagy is associated with the progression of heart failure. However, the effect and mechanism of Danqi pill on autophagy have not been reported yet. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aims to elucidate whether Danqi pill restores autophagy to protect against HF and its potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Left anterior descending ligation was established to induce an HF rat model, H2O2-stimulated H9C2 cells model was conducted to clarify the effects and potential mechanism of Danqi pill. In vivo, Danqi pill (1.5 g/kg) were orally administered for four weeks and Fenofibrate (10 mg/kg) was selected as a positive group. In vitro, Danqi pill (10-200 µg/mL) was pre-cultured for 24 h and co-cultured with H2O2 stimulation for 4 h. Importantly, transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence GPF-mRFP-LC3 reporter system were combined to monitor autophagy flux. Furtherly, we utilized Compound C, a specific AMPK inhibitor, to validate whether the autophagy was mediated by AMPK-TSC2-mTOR pathway. RESULTS: Danqi pill significantly improved cardiac function and myocardial injury in HF rats. Intriguingly, Danqi pill potently regulated autophagy mainly by promoting the formation of autophagosomes in vivo. Further results demonstrated that expressions of p-AMPK (P < 0.001) and p-TSC2 (P < 0.001) in cardiac tissue were upregulated by Danqi pill, accompanied with downregulation of p-mTOR (P < 0.01) and p-ULK1(P < 0.01). In parallel with the vivo experiment, in vitro study indicated that Danqi pill dramatically restored autophagy flux and regulated expressions of critical autophagy-related molecules. Finally, utilization of Compound C abrogated the effects of Danqi pill on autophagy flux and the expressions of p-TSC2 (P < 0.05), p-mTOR (P < 0.01) and p-ULK1 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Danqi pill could improve cardiac function and protect against cardiomyocytes injury by restoring autophagy via regulating the AMPK-TSC2-mTOR signaling pathway.

4.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(3): 407-408, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33325129

RESUMO

Askin's tumor is a kind of aggressive tumor and extremely rare. To date, the treatment is uncodified and the prognosis for patients with this tumor remains bleak. Herein we report a case of a giant Askin's tumor in the chest wall that following diagnosis was successfully treated with surgical resection.

5.
Br J Pharmacol ; 178(5): 1114-1132, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326114

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis play key roles in traumatic brain injury. We investigated the protective effects of astaxanthin against traumatic brain injury and its underlying mechanisms of action. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A weight-drop model of traumatic brain injury in vivo and hydrogen peroxide exposure in vitro model were established. Brain oedema, behaviour tests, western blot, biochemical analysis, lesion volume, histopathological study and cell viability were performed. KEY RESULTS: Astaxanthin significantly reduced oxidative insults on Days 1, 3 and 7 after traumatic brain injury. Neuronal apoptosis was also ameliorated on Day 3. Additionally, astaxanthin improved neurological functions up to 3 weeks after traumatic brain injury. Astaxanthin treatment dramatically enhanced the expression of peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2), nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2/Nrf2) and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), while it down-regulated the phosphorylation of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) and p38. Inhibition of Prx2 by siRNA injection reversed the beneficial effects of astaxanthin against traumatic brain injury. Additionally, Nrf2 knockout prevented the neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin in traumatic brain injury. In contrast, overexpression of Prx2 in Nrf2 knockout mice attenuated the secondary brain injury after traumatic brain injury. Moreover, inhibiting SIRT1 by EX527 dramatically inhibited the neuroprotective effects of astaxanthin and suppressed SIRT1/Nrf2/Prx2/ASK1/p38 pathway both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Astaxanthin improved the neurological functions and protected the brain from injury after traumatic brain injury, primarily by reducing oxidative stress and neuronal death via SIRT1/Nrf2/Prx2/ASK1/p38 signalling pathway and might be a new candidate to ameliorate traumatic brain injury.

6.
J Tissue Eng ; 11: 2041731420967791, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33294153

RESUMO

Artificial bioactive materials have received increasing attention worldwide in clinical orthopedics to repair bone defects that are caused by trauma, infections or tumors, especially dedicated to the multifunctional composite effect of materials. In this study, a weakly alkaline, biomimetic and osteogenic, three-dimensional composite scaffold (3DS) with hydroxyapatite (HAp) and nano magnesium oxide (MgO) embedded in fiber (F) of silkworm cocoon and silk fibroin (SF) is evaluated comprehensively for its bone repair potential in vivo and in vitro experiments, particularly focusing on the combined effect between HAp and MgO. Magnesium ions (Mg2+) has long been proven to promote bone tissue regeneration, and HAp is provided with osteoconductive properties. Interestingly, the weak alkaline microenvironment from MgO may also be crucial to promote Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) proliferation, osteogenic differentiation and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities. This SF/F/HAp/nano MgO (SFFHM) 3DS with superior biocompatibility and biodegradability has better mechanical properties, BMSCs proliferation ability, osteogenic activity and differentiation potential compared with the scaffolds adding HAp or MgO alone or neither. Similarly, corresponding meaningful results are also demonstrated in a model of distal lateral femoral defect in SD rat. Therefore, we provide a promising 3D composite scaffold for promoting bone regeneration applications in bone tissue engineering.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268666

RESUMO

A robust UPLC-MS/MS technique was proven effective for simultaneous characterization of six flavonoids including quercetin-3-O-beta-galactoside (Q3GAL), quercetin-3-O-beta-glucoside (Q3GLU), quercetin-3-(2-galloylglucoside) (Q3GG), kaempferol-3-O-beta-galactoside (K3GAL), kaempferol-3-O-beta-glucoside (K3GLU), and kaempferol-3-(2-galloylglucoside) (K3GG) in rat eyes. By investigation of corresponding validation parameters (linearity, selectivity, precision, accuracy, matrix effect, extraction recovery, and stability), the method was verified to be within current acceptable criteria. Thereafter, the validated method enabled quantification of the six compounds successful in rat eyes after oral administration of ethanol extract diospyros kaki (EEDK) at 0, 3, 15, 35, 60, 120 min.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299453

RESUMO

Moringa oleifera Lam. is an essential herb used for the treatment of inflammation, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other diseases. In this study, phenolic extracts of M. oleifera leaves were obtained and analyzed. The results showed that the main identifiable phenols were astragalin, chlorogenic acid, isoquercitrin, kaempferitrin, luteolin, quercetin, and rutin. The effects of M. oleifera polyphenol extract (MOPE) on experimental colitis induced by 3% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) were investigated. The results showed that oral administration of MOPE significantly alleviated the symptoms of DSS-induced colitis. MOPE significantly reduced weight loss, the disease activity index, colon shortening, and mucosal damage. In addition, MOPE attenuated the infiltration of CD3+ T cells, CD177+ neutrophils, and F4/80+ macrophages and significantly inhibited the secretion of IL-6 and TNF-α. After the MOPE administration, the expression of proteins associated with the NF-κB signaling pathway changed. Specifically, compared with that of the DSS group, the protein expression of NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα was downregulated, and the expression of IκBα was upregulated. This study revealed the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of MOPE in the colon, indicating its potential use in preventing inflammation-driven diseases.

9.
Heart Lung ; 50(2): 252-261, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence for the safety of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) patients is conflicting. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the intubation and mortality risks of HFNC compared to non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and conventional oxygen therapy (COT) for AECOPD patients. METHODS: A search of electronic databases was performed. Studies that used HFNC to treat AECOPD patients were identified. RESULTS: Seven RCTs and one observational study were included. There were no differences in intubation risk (risk ratio (RR) 0.94, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49 to 1.78, p = 0.84, very low certainty) and mortality risk (RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.46 to 1.79, p = 0.77, very low certainty) for HFNC compared with NIV. No data were available for intubation or mortality risk for HFNC compared with COT. CONCLUSION: For AECOPD patients, low-quality evidence indicates that HFNC does not increase intubation and mortality risks compared to NIV.

10.
Mol Cell ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188728

RESUMO

The causative virus of the COVID-19 pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, uses its nonstructural protein 1 (Nsp1) to suppress cellular, but not viral, protein synthesis through yet unknown mechanisms. We show here that among all viral proteins, Nsp1 has the largest impact on host viability in the cells of human lung origin. Differential expression analysis of mRNA-seq data revealed that Nsp1 broadly alters the cellular transcriptome. Our cryo-EM structure of the Nsp1-40S ribosome complex shows that Nsp1 inhibits translation by plugging the mRNA entry channel of the 40S. We also determined the structure of the 48S preinitiation complex formed by Nsp1, 40S, and the cricket paralysis virus internal ribosome entry site (IRES) RNA, which shows that it is nonfunctional because of the incorrect position of the mRNA 3' region. Our results elucidate the mechanism of host translation inhibition by SARS-CoV-2 and advance understanding of the impacts from a major pathogenicity factor of SARS-CoV-2.

11.
Front Oncol ; 10: 583979, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194725

RESUMO

Purpose: To summarize and analyze the current evidence about surgical, oncological, and functional outcomes between laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) and open partial nephrectomy (OPN). Materials and Methods: Through a systematical search of multiple scientific databases in March 2020, we performed a systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis. Meanwhile, we assessed the quality of the relevant evidence according to the framework in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Results: A total of 26 studies with 8095 patients were included. There was no statistical difference between the LPN and OPN in the terms of operation time (p=0.13), intraoperative complications (p=0.94), recurrence (p=0.56), cancer-specific survival (p=0.72), disease-free survival (p=0.72), and variations of estimated glomerular filtration rate (p=0.31). The LPN group had significantly less estimated blood loss (P<0.00001), lower blood transfusion (p=0.04), shorter length of hospital stay (p<0.00001), lower total (p=0.03) and postoperative complications (p=0.02), higher positive surgical margin (p=0.005), higher overall survival (p<0.00001), and less increased serum creatinine (p=0.002). The subgroup analysis showed that no clinically meaningful differences were found for T1a tumors in terms of operation time (p=0.11) and positive surgical margin (p=0.23). In addition, the subgroup analysis also suggested that less estimated blood loss (p<0.0001) and shorter length of hospital stay (p<0.00001) were associated with the LPN group for T1a tumors. Conclusions: This meta-analysis revealed that the LPN is a feasible and safe alternative to the OPN with comparable surgical, oncologic, and functional outcomes. However, the results should be applied prudently in the clinic because of the low quality of evidence. Further quality studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness LPN and its postoperative quality of life compared with OPN.

12.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 156, 2020 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) and can modulate gene expression by binding to miRNAs; further, circRNAs have been shown to participate in several pathological processes. However, the expression and biological function of circCUL2 in gastric cancer (GC) remains largely unknown. METHODS: circRNA microarrays and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to identify differentially expressed circRNAs in GC tissues and cell lines. circCUL2 knockdown and overexpression were performed to indicate the functional role of circCUL2 in vitro and in vivo. The expression and regulation of circCUL2, miR-142-3p and ROCK2 were evaluated using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), dual-luciferase assays, RNA pull-down assays, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and rescue experiments. Furthermore, the regulation of cisplatin sensitivity and autophagy by circCUL2/miR-142-3p/ROCK2 was demonstrated by cellular apoptosis assays, western blot, immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscopy analyses. RESULTS: The level of circCUL2, which is stable and cytoplasmically localized, was significantly reduced in GC tissues and cells. Overexpressed circCUL2 inhibited malignant transformation in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo. In the AGS and SGC-7901 cell lines, circCUL2 sponged miR-142-3p to regulate ROCK2, thus modulating tumor progression. Furthermore, in the AGS/DDP and SGC-7901/DDP cell lines, circCUL2 regulated cisplatin sensitivity through miR-142-3p/ROCK2-mediated autophagy activation. CONCLUSION: circCUL2 may function as a tumor suppressor and regulator of cisplatin sensitivity through miR-142-3p/ROCK2-mediated autophagy activation, which could be a key mechanism and therapeutic target for GC.

13.
mSystems ; 5(6)2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144308

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that α-linolenic acid (ALA) has a significant regulatory effect on related disorders induced by high-fat diets (HFDs), but little is known regarding the correlation between the gut microbiota and disease-related multitissue homeostasis. We systematically investigated the effects of ALA on the body composition, glucose homeostasis, hyperlipidemia, metabolic endotoxemia and systemic inflammation, white adipose tissue (WAT) homeostasis, liver homeostasis, intestinal homeostasis, and gut microbiota of mice fed an HFD (HFD mice). We found that ALA improved HFD-induced multitissue metabolic disorders and gut microbiota disorders to various degrees. Importantly, we established a complex but clear network between the gut microbiota and host parameters. Several specific differential bacteria were significantly associated with improved host parameters. Rikenellaceae_RC9_gut_group and Parasutterella were positively correlated with HFD-induced "harmful indicators" and negatively correlated with "beneficial indicators." Intriguingly, Bilophila showed a strong negative correlation with HFD-induced multitissue metabolic disorders and a significant positive correlation with most beneficial indicators, which is different from its previous characterization as a "potentially harmful genus." Turicibacter might be the key beneficial bacterium for ALA-improved metabolic endotoxemia, while Blautia might play an important role in ALA-improved gut barrier integrity and anti-inflammatory effects. The results suggested that the gut microbiota, especially some specific bacteria, played an important role in the process of ALA-improved multitissue homeostasis in HFD mice, and different bacteria might have different divisions of regulation.IMPORTANCE Insufficient intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is an important issue in modern Western-style diets. A large amount of evidence now suggests that a balanced intestinal microecology is considered an important part of health. Our results show that α-linolenic acid administration significantly improved the host metabolic phenotype and gut microbiota of mice fed a high-fat diet, and there was a correlation between the improved gut microbiota and metabolic phenotype. Some specific bacteria may play a unique regulatory role. Here, we have established correlation networks between gut microbiota and multitissue homeostasis, which may provide a new basis for further elucidating the relationship between the gut microbiota and host metabolism.

14.
Front Oncol ; 10: 551052, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072578

RESUMO

Background: The use of robot-assisted radical nephrectomy (RARN) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has increased in recent years, but the advantages of RARN over laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) remain controversial. This study aimed to compare the perioperative outcomes between RARN and LRN. Methods: We systematically searched the EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI databases to identify eligible comparative studies. The parameters were perioperative outcomes including operating time (OT), estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS), conversion rate, and complications. Stata 15.0 software was used for the meta-analysis. Results: Seven studies with 1,832 patients were included in the analysis. Among them, 532 underwent RARN and 840 underwent LRN for RCC. There were no significant differences in OT (weighted mean difference [WMD], 29.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.31, 58.41; p = 0.05), EBL (WMD, -4.56; 95% CI, -29.79, 20.67; p = 0.72), LOS (WMD, -0.34; 95% CI, -0.68, 0.00; p = 0.05), conversion rate (WMD, 2.67; 95% CI, 0.68, 10.46; p = 0.05), transfusion rate (odds ratio [OR], 1.30; 95% CI, 0.74, 2.27; p = 0.36), intraoperative complications (OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.61, 2.12; p = 0.62), and postoperative complications (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.68, 1.67; p = 0.62) between the two groups. Conclusion: RARN was not superior to LRN in patients with RCC in terms of perioperative outcomes. Before establishing conclusive clinical recommendations, high-quality prospective large-scale randomized controlled trials with long-term follow-up are needed.

15.
Virol J ; 17(1): 155, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to screen the male human papillomavirus (HPV) infection status and genotyping in Qingcheng District, Qingyuan City, Guangdong Province, China to provide a reference basis for formulating prevention strategies for HPV infection. METHODS: The present study collected urethral epithelium or scraped penile epidermis from high-risk male patients in Qingyuan People's Hospital during the last five years, extracted DNA fragments using the boiling method, and detected 23 types of HPV genotypes by PCR-reverse blot hybridization. RESULTS: The positive detection rate was 54.31% of 1044 males with high risk of HPV (567/1044). Among these males, the positive detection rate of HPV was the highest in patients initially diagnosed with warts, and the rate was 66.47%. Five main HPV types are identified as follows: HPV6 18.87% (197/1044), HPV11 10.25% (107/1044), HPV52 8.81% (92/1044), HPV16 6.90% (72/1044), and HPV51 5.08% (53/1044). Among these HPV-infected patients, single infection mainly by low-risk HPV6 and HPV11 accounted for 56.61% (321/567); high- and low-risk combined HPV co-infections accounted for 29.10% (165/567). The HPV infected patients was mainly between 21 and 40 years old, and the HPV infection rate was higher with increased age. CONCLUSIONS: The HPV infection rate in the Qingyuan area is higher than in other areas and the main infection is single infection. Furthermore, HPV52, HPV16, and HPV51 are the main high-risk infection types, while HPV6 and HPV11 are the main low-risk infection types.

16.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2058, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042117

RESUMO

With the ulcerative colitis (UC) incidence increasing worldwide, it is of great importance to prevent and treat UC. However, efficient treatment options for UC are relatively limited. Due to the potentially serious adverse effects of existing drugs, there is an increasing demand for alternative candidate resources derived from natural and functional foods. Astragalin (AG) is a type of anti-inflammatory flavonoid, with Moringa oleifera and Cassia alata being its main sources. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of AG on mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Our results suggested that AG treatment reduced weight loss and the disease activity index (DAI), prevented colon shortening and alleviated colonic tissue damage. AG treatment reduced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and related mRNAs (such as TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß), inhibited colonic infiltration by macrophages and neutrophils, ameliorated metabolic endotoxemia, and improved intestinal mucosal barrier function (increased expression levels of mRNAs such as ZO-1, occludin, and Muc2). Western blot analysis revealed that AG downregulated the NF-κB signaling pathway. Moreover, AG treatment partially reversed the alterations in the gut microbiota in colitis mice, mainly by increasing the abundance of potentially beneficial bacteria (such as Ruminococcaceae) and decreasing the abundance of potentially harmful bacteria (such as Escherichia-Shigella). Ruminococcaceae and Enterobacteriaceae (Escherichia-Shigella) were thought to be the key groups affected by AG to improve UC. Therefore, AG might exert a good anti-UC effect through microbiota/LPS/TLR4/NF-kB-related pathways in mice. The results of this study reveal the anti-inflammatory effect and mechanism of AG and provide an important reference for studying the mechanisms of natural flavonoids involved in preventing inflammation-driven diseases.

17.
BMC Urol ; 20(1): 150, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversy remains despite several studies have discussed the role of bariatric surgery in improving male's sexual function. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of bariatric surgery in promoting male's erectile function. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, CNKI and Clinical Trails.gov were searched from database inception to May 2019. The language of publication was limited in English. The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score and Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory (BSFI) score were set as the primary outcome. RESULTS: Eleven studies with a total of 370 patients were enrolled in this meta-analysis. The results showed significant improvement in the IIEF score (erectile function: MD = 5.33, 95% CI 4.12-6.54; intercourse satisfaction: MD = 2.57, 95% CI 1.19-3.94; orgasmic function: MD = 0.50, 95%CI 0.60-0.94; overall satisfaction: MD = 1.67, 95% CI 0.78-2.56; sexual desire: MD = 1.27, 95% CI 0.61-1.93; total erectile function: MD = 7.21, 95% CI 4.33-10.10) and the BSFI score (erection: MD =2.53, 95% CI 2.39-2.67; ejaculation: MD = 1.40, 95% CI 1.28-1.51; desire: MD =1.40, 95% CI 1.32-1.49; problem assessment: MD = 2.20, 95% CI 2.06-2.34; sexual satisfaction: MD = 0.70, 95% CI 0.60-0.76) in obese individuals after bariatric surgery. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis indicated that bariatric surgery could be effective in promoting males's sexual function for obese individuals.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028642

RESUMO

We report a case of a DICER1-associated EWSR1-rearranged malignant primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising in a patient with DICER1 tumor predisposition syndrome. A 16-yr-old female with a history of multinodular goiter presented with a widely metastatic abdominal small round blue cell tumor with neuroectodermal differentiation. EWSR1 gene rearrangement was identified in the tumor by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Genetic analysis revealed biallelic pathogenic DICER1 variation. The patient was treated with an aggressive course of chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation with complete pathologic response. We believe this case to represent a new expression of the DICER1 tumor predisposition syndrome, an entity caused by deleterious germline mutations in the DICER1 gene, encoding a ribonuclease active in the processing of miRNA. Patients with germline mutations in DICER1 develop a diverse group of benign and malignant tumors. Some of these tumors have been noted to have immature neuroepithelium as a component, including the ciliary body medulloepithelioma and the recently described DICER1-associated presacral malignant teratoid neoplasm. To our knowledge, abdominal sarcomas that resemble PNET histology with an EWSR1 rearrangement have not previously been described as a classical expression of the DICER1 syndrome phenotype.

19.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 227, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of 68Gallium-PSMA positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (68Ga-PSMA PET/CT) for lymph node (LN) staging in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) by a meta-analysis of diagnostic tests. METHODS: We systematically retrieved articles from Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Database, PubMed. The time limit is from the creation of the database until June 2019, and Stata 15 was used for calculation and statistical analyses. RESULTS: Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio (PLR, NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) be used to evaluate the diagnostic value. A total of 10 studies were included in our meta-analysis, which included 701 individuals. The results of each consolidated summary are as follows: sensitivity of 0.84 (95% CI 0.55-0.95), specificity of 0.95 (95% CI 0.87-0.98), PLR and NLR was 17.19 (95% CI 6.27, 47.17) and 0.17 (95% CI 0.05-0.56), respectively. DOR of 100 (95% CI 18-545), AUC of 0.97 (95% CI 0.95-0.98). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT has a high overall diagnostic value for LN staging in patients with moderate and high-risk PCa. But our conclusions still require a larger sample size, multi-center prospective randomized controlled trial to verify.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078353

RESUMO

To date, research evidence suggests that extreme ambient temperatures may lead to preterm birth. Since the results of studies in subtropical humid monsoon climate are inconclusive, we investigated the association between extreme ambient temperatures and the risk of preterm birth in Xuzhou, China. We analyzed the association between the birth data of 103,876 singleton deliveries (from July 1, 2016 to June 30, 2019) and ambient temperature. We used a quasi-Poisson model with distributed lag nonlinear models (DLNM) to investigate the delay and nonlinear effects of temperature, taking into account the effects of air pollutants and relative humidity. During the study period, the number of hospitalizations for preterm birth was 4623. Taking the median temperature (16.8 °C) as a reference, the highest risk estimate at extreme cold temperature (- 2.8 °C, 1st percentile) was found at lag 0-1 days. Exposure to extreme cold (- 2.8 °C, 1st percentile), or moderate cold (6.8 °C, 25th percentile) were associated with 1.659 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.177-2.338) and 1.456 (95% CI 1.183-1.790) increased risks of preterm birth, respectively. In the further stratified analysis of the age of pregnant women, we found that there were significant associations between cold temperatures and preterm birth in both groups (older group ≥ 35; younger group < 35). In a subtropical humid monsoon climate, low ambient temperatures may lead to preterm birth, suggesting that women should stay away from low temperatures during pregnancy.

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