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1.
Res Vet Sci ; 136: 39-50, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582313

RESUMO

Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells have been used to treat acute kidney injury (AKI). The role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in AKI treatment with canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (cADSCs) remains unknown. This study intended to investigate the therapeutic effects of cADSCs cultured in different media on AKI in mice and dogs and reveal the role of ER stress in this process. The mice were divided into two branches: a control group and a gentamicin induced group (this group treated with low-serum ADSC or high-serum ADSC or 4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA)). The dogs were divided into control, model, and cell-injected groups. To suppress ER stress, mice were simultaneously treated with 4-PBA. The results showed there were improvements in renal function and tissue damage and a corresponding decrease in ER stress in the kidneys of the mice that received cell injection. However, the cells cultured with 2% FBS showed a better growth state and resulted in lower ER stress levels in treated kidneys. In the 4-PBA-treated group, ER stress was suppressed, and there was corresponding kidney injury recovery. Similarly, both kidney damage and ER stress were alleviated after AKI dogs were injected with the cells. Our findings reveal that both allogeneic and xenogeneic cADSCs were effective treatments for AKI by inhibiting ER stress. These results also provide evidence for a new clinical therapy for acute renal disease in pets.

2.
Zool Res ; 42(1): 14-27, 2021 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420764

RESUMO

Double sex and mab-3-related transcription factor 1 (Dmrt1), which is expressed in goat male germline stem cells (mGSCs) and Sertoli cells, is one of the most conserved transcription factors involved in sex determination. In this study, we highlighted the role of Dmrt1 in balancing the innate immune response in goat mGSCs. Dmrt1 recruited promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (Plzf), also known as zinc finger and BTB domain-containing protein 16 (Zbtb16), to repress the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent inflammatory signaling pathway and nuclear factor (NF)-κB. Knockdown of Dmrt1 in seminiferous tubules resulted in widespread degeneration of germ and somatic cells, while the expression of proinflammatory factors were significantly enhanced. We also demonstrated that Dmrt1 stimulated proliferation of mGSCs, but repressed apoptosis caused by the immune response. Thus, Dmrt1 is sufficient to reduce inflammation in the testes, thereby establishing the stability of spermatogenesis and the testicular microenvironment.

3.
Nutrition ; 83: 111058, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33360033

RESUMO

Substance abuse is a chronic relapsing disorder that results in serious health and socioeconomic issues worldwide. Addictive drugs induce long-lasting morphologic and functional changes in brain circuits and account for the formation of compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behaviors. Yet, there remains a lack of reliable therapy. In recent years, accumulating evidence indicated that neuroinflammation was implicated in the development of drug addiction. Findings from both our and other laboratories suggest that ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are effective in treating neuroinflammation-related mental diseases, and indicate that they could exert positive effects in treating drug addiction. Thus, in the present review, we summarized and evaluated recently published articles reporting the neuroinflammation mechanism in drug addiction and the immune regulatory ability of ω-3 PUFAs. We also sought to identify some of the challenges ahead in the translation of ω-3 PUFAs into addiction treatment.

4.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 205: 105772, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091596

RESUMO

Porcine pancreatic stem cells (pPSCs) can be induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells in vitro and thus serve as a major cells source for ß-cell regeneration. However, this application is limited by the weak cell proliferation ability and low insulin induction efficiency. In this study, we explored the role of folic acid in the proliferation of pPSCs and the formation of insulin-secreting cells. We found that FA-treated pPSCs cells had a high EDU positive rate, and the proliferation marker molecules PCNA, CyclinD1 and c-Myc were up-regulated, while the expression of folate receptor α (FOLRα) was up-regulated. In further research, interference FOLRα or adding canonical Wnt signaling pathway or ERK signaling pathway inhibitors could significantly inhibit the effect of FA on pPSCs proliferation. Meanwhile, during the differentiation of pPSCs into insulin-secreting cells, we found that the maturation marker genes Insulin, NKX6.1, MafA, and NeuroD1 was upregulated in insulin-secreting cell masses differentiationed from pPSCs after FA treatment, and the functional molecules Insulin and C-peptide were increased, the ability to secrete insulin in response to high glucose was also increased. With the addition of Wnt and ERK signaling pathway inhibitors, the pro-differentiation effect of FA was weakened. In conclusion, FA promotes the proliferation of pPSCs by binding to folate receptor α (FOLRα) and increase the efficiency of directed differentiation of pPSCs into insulin-producing cells by regulating canonical Wnt and ERK signaling pathway. This study lays theoretical foundation for solving the bottleneck in the treatment of diabetes with stem cell transplantation in future.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314677

RESUMO

During a long-duration manned spaceflight mission, such as flying to Mars and beyond, all crew members will spend a long period in an independent spacecraft with closed-loop bioregenerative life-support systems. Saving resources and reducing medical risks, particularly in mental heath, are key technology gaps hampering human expedition into deep space. In the 1960s, several scientists proposed that an induced state of suppressed metabolism in humans, which mimics 'hibernation', could be an ideal solution to cope with many issues during spaceflight. In recent years, with the introduction of specific methods, it is becoming more feasible to induce an artificial hibernation-like state (synthetic torpor) in non-hibernating species. Natural torpor is a fascinating, yet enigmatic, physiological process in which metabolic rate (MR), body core temperature (Tb ) and behavioural activity are reduced to save energy during harsh seasonal conditions. It employs a complex central neural network to orchestrate a homeostatic state of hypometabolism, hypothermia and hypoactivity in response to environmental challenges. The anatomical and functional connections within the central nervous system (CNS) lie at the heart of controlling synthetic torpor. Although progress has been made, the precise mechanisms underlying the active regulation of the torpor-arousal transition, and their profound influence on neural function and behaviour, which are critical concerns for safe and reversible human torpor, remain poorly understood. In this review, we place particular emphasis on elaborating the central nervous mechanism orchestrating the torpor-arousal transition in both non-flying hibernating mammals and non-hibernating species, and aim to provide translational insights into long-duration manned spaceflight. In addition, identifying difficulties and challenges ahead will underscore important concerns in engineering synthetic torpor in humans. We believe that synthetic torpor may not be the only option for manned long-duration spaceflight, but it is the most achievable solution in the foreseeable future. Translating the available knowledge from natural torpor research will not only benefit manned spaceflight, but also many clinical settings attempting to manipulate energy metabolism and neurobehavioural functions.

6.
Cell Prolif ; : e12932, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The establishment of porcine pluripotent stem cells (pPSCs) is still a critical topic. However, all pPSCs were failed to contribute to efficient chimeric pig and were extremely sensitive to changes of culture conditions. This study aimed to investigate the role of BCL2 in pPSCs and further explain the mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Porcine BCL2 gene was cloned and overexpressed in porcine induce pluripotent stem cells (piPSCs). Digital RNA-seq was performed to explain the mechanism of anti-apoptosis. Finally, the cells carrying BCL2 were injected into mouse early embryo to evaluate its chimeric ability. RESULTS: Here, we found that overexpression of porcine BCL2 gene significantly improved the survivability of piPSCs and the efficiency of embryonic chimerism, and did not wreck the pluripotency of piPSCs. Furthermore, the Digital RNA-seq analysis revealed that BCL2, as a downstream gene of the PI3K signal pathway, enhanced the expression of PI3K signal pathway receptors, such as FGFR2, and further promoted oxidoreductases activity and lipid metabolism, thus maintaining the survival and pluripotency of piPSCs. CONCLUSION: Our data not only suggested that porcine BCL2 gene could enhance the survivability and chimeric ability of pPSCs, but also explained the positive feedback mechanism in this process, providing strong support for the chimeric experiment of pPSCs.

7.
Adv Mater ; 32(40): e2004210, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32864794

RESUMO

For rapid response against the prevailing COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 19), it is a global imperative to exploit the immunogenicity of existing formulations for safe and efficient vaccines. As the most accessible adjuvant, aluminum hydroxide (alum) is still the sole employed adjuvant in most countries. However, alum tends to attach on the membrane rather than entering the dendritic cells (DCs), leading to the absence of intracellular transfer and process of the antigens, and thus limits T-cell-mediated immunity. To address this, alum is packed on the squalene/water interphase is packed, forming an alum-stabilized Pickering emulsion (PAPE). "Inheriting" from alum and squalene, PAPE demonstrates a good biosafety profile. Intriguingly, with the dense array of alum on the oil/water interphase, PAPE not only adsorbs large quantities of SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) antigens, but also harbors a higher affinity for DC uptake, which provokes the uptake and cross-presentation of the delivered antigens. Compared with alum-treated groups, more than six times higher antigen-specific antibody titer and three-fold more IFN-γ-secreting T cells are induced, indicating the potent humoral and cellular immune activations. Collectively, the data suggest that PAPE may provide potential insights toward a safe and efficient adjuvant platform for the enhanced COVID-19 vaccinations.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/química , Vacinas Virais/química , Compostos de Alúmen/química , Animais , Antígenos Virais/química , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Emulsões , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia
8.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996162

RESUMO

Orchitis is one of the leading causes of male animal infertility and is associated with inflammatory reactions caused by the bacterium. It has been reported that there is a mutual coupling effect between endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and inflammatory response. Our studies showed that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could cause testicular damages, apoptosis, ERS, and inflammatory responses in spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs); ERS-related apoptosis proteins were activated and the expression of ERS genes was significantly upregulated; meanwhile, the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 and inflammation factors was apparently increased with LPS treatment. Moreover, melatonin (MEL) could rescue testicular damage, and significantly inhibited the expression of ERS-related apoptosis genes, ERS markers, and inflammatory factors in SSCs and MEL played repairing and anti-infection roles in LPS-induced testicular damage. Therefore, MEL may be used as a drug to prevent and control bacterial infections in male reproductive systems. However, the specific molecular mechanism of MEL to resist ERS and inflammatory response remains to be further studied.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3245-3250, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726036

RESUMO

The quality marker(Q-marker) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a new concept of TCM quality control proposed in recent years. It is a hot issue in the research of modern Chinese medicine. The TCM efficacy is a high-level summary of the TCM therapeutic effect under the guidance of TCM theory. On this basis, it is of considerable significance to explore the TCM efficacy marker for the TCM modernization. However, the traditional research strategy based on the single herb and decoction piece in macro TCM level, or the drug research strategy based on the biological effect of the targets, is quite different from the characteristics of multiple components of TCM, as well as the weak and low-selective effect of Chinese medicine ingredients on targets. Therefore, how to select representative ingredients to characterize the TCM overall efficacy is a problematic point in establishing TCM efficacy markers. In this paper, the concept and method of Q-marker were introduced into the study of Chinese medicine efficacy. The research method for systematic TCM was used to systematically discuss the connotation of TCM efficacy markers, the principles of discovery and determination, common research ideas and techniques by taking the representative research results as an example. This study provides new ideas for the research and discovery of TCM efficacy markers.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Biomarcadores , Controle de Qualidade , Projetos de Pesquisa
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3266-3274, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726039

RESUMO

Astragali Radix is the elixir for invigorating Qi, with the effects of invigorating Qi, promoting Yang and nourishing the body. With the deepening researches on the chemical constituents of Astragali Radix, it is used more extensively in clinical application. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory, in this paper, we characterized the effect of Astragali Radix on invigo-rating Qi from the molecular level, and explored the markers of Astragali Radix on invigorating Qi. Through TCMSP and ChEMBL databases, the active components-targets database of Astragali Radix was constructed to clarify the targets(elements) involved in Astragali Radix's Qi invigorating efficacy system. According to the relationship between the targets, the protein interaction network was constructed, and the network modules(structure) were divided according to the theoretic clustering algorithm molecular complex detection(MCODE), and the boundary of the Qi invigorating efficacy system was defined by the pharmacological function of Astragali Radix. The active components of Astragali Radix for invigorating Qi were characterized from the aspects of composition, target and efficacy. The results showed that eight key components of Astragali Radix, such as hederagenin, quercetin, calycosin, formononetin, jaranol, isorhamnetin, astragalosideⅢ, and 9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan-3-O-ß-D-glucoside, could act on eight functional modules composed of 17 key targets, and participate in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway, regulation of lipid metabolic process, positive regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process, positive regulation of programmed cell death, fatty acid metabolic process and other biological processes to produce pharmacological effects such as regulating immune function, strengthening heart, protecting myocardial cells, improving material metabolism, and antioxidation effects, thus playing the role of invigorating Qi. Based on the systematic Chinese medicine theory, this study explored the effective markers of Astragali Radix at the level of molecular network, which provided new ideas for the interpretation of the effective substance basis of systematic traditional Chinese medicine and the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. In the future, it can focus on the compatibility research of these components, and then carry out more in-depth studies on the efficacy of Astragali Radix in invigorating Qi, and strengthen the development of the corresponding pharmacological mechanism and related preparations.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta) , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas , Qi
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3275-3281, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726040

RESUMO

Lonicerae Japonicae Flos has a long history of heat-clearing and detoxifying effect. The description of its efficacy in Chinese Pharmacopoeia of past dynasties is relatively stable, and it is an excellent carrier for the study of efficacy markers. Guided by the theory of systematic traditional Chinese medicine, heat-clearing and detoxifying effect efficacy system of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos was taken as an example in this study to clarify the elements(active ingredients) of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying efficacy system, determine the boundary(signal pathway), establish the structure(system dynamics model), identify the system functions corresponding to pharmacology, efficacy and effects(heat-clearing and detoxifying effect), and explore the application of system dynamics model in the discovery of efficacy markers of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the dynamic models of interleukin 1(IL-1) and interleukin 6(IL-6) in vivo were established to predict the expression of related factors in IL-1 and IL-6 signaling pathways of different components and their combinations in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by dynamic network, so as to find the effective markers of heat-clearing and detoxification of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. The results showed that the lower the concentration of chlorogenic acid, the higher the inhibition rate of Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) at downstream of IL-1 by the combination of chlorogenic acid and linalool; the higher the concentration of luteolin in IL-6 pathway, the higher the inhibition rate of C-reactive protein(CRP) at downstream of IL-6 by the combination of chlorogenic acid and luteolin. It revealed that the potential efficacy markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying effect based on IL-1 signaling pathway were chlorogenic acid and linalool, and the potential efficacy markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying effect based on IL-6 signaling pathway were chlorogenic acid and luteolin. This study provided methodological guidance for the discovery of efficacy markers of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lonicera , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Temperatura Alta , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade
12.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1867(10): 118790, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621839

RESUMO

Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit 3 and structural gene Y-linked (Eif2s3y) gene, the gene encoding eIF2γ protein, is globally expressed in all tissues and plays important roles in regulating global and gene-specific mRNA translation initiation. It has been noticed that Eif2s3y plays crucial roles in spermatogenesis, however, the mechanism remains unclear. In the current study, transgenic Eif2s3y mice were generated to test our hypothesis that the Eif2s3y promotes the proliferation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Transgenic Eif2s3y mouse had enhanced SSCs proliferation rate when compared to WT mouse. Interesting, the testes from transgenic Eif2s3y mouse had increased Active-ß-catenin protein expression and higher expression pattern of Wnt ligand Wnt6 when compared to testes from WT mouse. This study revealed novel roles of Eif2s3y in the activation Wnt6/ß-catenin signal pathway in SSCs. Taken together, we identified Eif2s3y-Wnt6-ß-catenin as a critical pathway in the regulation of spermatogenesis, which provides a platform for investigating the molecular mechanisms of male reproduction.

13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(17): 21098-21108, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266613

RESUMO

Carbon emissions in the transportation sector are of great concern, since they are the third leading contributor to China's carbon emissions. This research examines the decoupling relationship between economic outputs and carbon emissions of 11 provinces in 2000-2016 by focusing on Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB), which is the densest traffic and economic corridor in China. Although many studies have focused on the decoupling state and its driving forces between economic outputs and carbon emissions, few studies further addressed the microscale analysis for decoupling drivers. This paper reveals the characteristic, inequality contribution ratio, and dynamic evolution of the drivers by integrating Dagum's Gini ratio with kernel density estimation in YREB. Results are as follows: (1) The decoupling states presented weak decoupling state at the whole belt in the majority of the latter observed sub-periods. The decoupling states at the provincial level turned more satisfactory during the four observed sub-periods, especially for Shanghai and Zhejiang. (2) The energy intensity (EI) effect is the predominant driver for promoting the decoupling state in the vast majority of provinces, whereas value added per capita effect is the major role for inhibiting the decoupling state. (3) During the four observed sub-periods, the Gini inequality and transvariation intensity of the EI effect between sub-regions are the main sources of the provincial differences in YREB. The driving force of EI effect is increasing, but the provincial differences are expanding in the upstream and downstream regions by analyzing its dynamic evolution. Understanding the temporal and spatial microscale inequality of the decoupling drivers provides governments with differentiated and forward-looking suggestions towards coordinating regional economic growth and carbon emissions reduction.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Rios , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Fatores Socioeconômicos
14.
Molecules ; 25(4)2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075047

RESUMO

Advances in cancer treatment have led to significant improvements in long-term survival in many types of cancer, but heart dysfunction and heart failure, associated with cancer treatment, have also increased. Anthracyclines are the main cause of this type of cardiotoxicity. In this study, we describe a combined experimental and cell morphology analysis approach for the high-throughput measurement and analysis of a cardiomyocyte cell profile, using partial least square linear discriminant analysis (PLS-LDA) as the pattern recognition algorithm. When screening a small-scale natural compound library, rosmarinic acid (RosA), as a candidate drug, showed the same cardioprotective effect as the positive control. We investigated the protective mechanism of RosA on a human cardiomyocyte cell line (AC16) and human induced pluripotent stem-cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs). We showed that RosA pretreatment suppressed doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cell apoptosis and decreased the activity of caspase-9. RosA promotes the expression of Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and reduces the production of reactive oxygen species (Ros), which is induced by Dox. Meanwhile, it can also promote the expression of cardiac-development-related protein, including histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), GATA binding protein 4 (GATA4) and troponin I3, cardiac type (CTnI). Collectively, our data support the notion that RosA is a protective agent in hiPSC-CMs and has the potential for therapeutic use in the treatment of cancer therapy-related cardiac dysfunction and heart failure.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Cinamatos/metabolismo , Depsídeos/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Cardiotoxicidade/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 198: 105537, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785377

RESUMO

Porcine pancreatic stem cells (pPSCs) can be induced to insulin-secreting cells and therefore considered the most promising seeding cells for curing human diabetes in future. However, insufficient pPSCs number is one of the bottleneck problems before its clinical application. SerpinB1 is a serine protease inhibitor in neutrophils and can directly promote the proliferation of ß cells. Whether SerpinB1 is involved in pPSC proliferation and differentiation remains unknown. The effects of SerpinB1 on pPSCs proliferation were measured by Cell Counting Kit-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine, qRT-PCR, western blot, and flow cytometry assays. We found that pPSCs did not efficiently reach the S phase when SerpinB1 expression was knocked down with short hairpin RNA (sh-SerpinB1), the expression of Cyclin D1, CDK-2, and PCNA also decreased. Meanwhile, cell viability and proliferation ability were both declined. Further analyses showed that the expression level of phosphorylated STAT3/STAT3was downregulated, along with an upregulation of p53 and p21. We used a two-step induction method to induce pPSCs to insulin-secreting cells and found that SerpinB1 expression in insulin-secreting cells was higher than in pPSCs. Meanwhile, the protein expression level of phosphorylated STAT3/STAT3 was increased while p53 and p21 was decreased in induced insulin-secreting cells in comparison with control cells. The insulin-secreting cells derived from the sh-SerpinB1 cells secreted less insulin and showed poor sensitivity to high glucose than control group. However, the insulin-secreting cells derived from the ov-SerpinB1 cells has a quite contrary tendency. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that SerpinB1 promotes the proliferation of pPSCs through the STAT3 signaling pathway, and SerpinB1 is a key factor for maintaining the viability of pPSCs during the transition to insulin-secreting cells.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Adultas/citologia , Células-Tronco Adultas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pâncreas/citologia , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Serpinas/fisiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Inflamação , Insulina/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/citologia , Fosforilação , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
16.
Dose Response ; 17(4): 1559325819894179, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853237

RESUMO

Background: Plenty of evidence has suggested that autophagy plays a crucial role in the biological processes of cancers. This study aimed to screen autophagy-related genes (ARGs) and establish a novel a scoring system for colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: Autophagy-related genes sequencing data and the corresponding clinical data of CRC in The Cancer Genome Atlas were used as training data set. The GSE39582 data set from the Gene Expression Omnibus was used as validation set. An autophagy-related signature was developed in training set using univariate Cox analysis followed by stepwise multivariate Cox analysis and assessed in the validation set. Then we analyzed the function and pathways of ARGs using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database. Finally, a prognostic nomogram combining the autophagy-related risk score and clinicopathological characteristics was developed according to multivariate Cox analysis. Results: After univariate and multivariate analysis, 3 ARGs were used to construct autophagy-related signature. The KEGG pathway analyses showed several significantly enriched oncological signatures, such as p53 signaling pathway, apoptosis, human cytomegalovirus infection, platinum drug resistance, necroptosis, and ErbB signaling pathway. Patients were divided into high- and low-risk groups, and patients with high risk had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) than low-risk patients in both training set and validation set. Furthermore, the nomogram for predicting 3- and 5-year OS was established based on autophagy-based risk score and clinicopathologic factors. The area under the curve and calibration curves indicated that the nomogram showed well accuracy of prediction. Conclusions: Our proposed autophagy-based signature has important prognostic value and may provide a promising tool for the development of personalized therapy.

17.
Res Vet Sci ; 126: 233-239, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635840

RESUMO

In this study, canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (cADSCs) therapeutic potential was investigated in artificially induced acute liver injury model by CCl4 in canines. The primary cADSCs cells were cultured and then intravenously administered into the canine animal model. Six cross-breed dogs were divided into three groups including blank control group, CCl4 model group, CCl4 induced cADSCs transplantation group. The results showed that after intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 solution, the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Albumin (ALB) in peripheral blood of experimental canines confirmed the correct induction of acute liver injury. Moreover, the liver structure showed clear macroscopic damage. The cADSCs were homed in the liver of the administered animals. The AST, ALT and ALB in the peripheral blood rapidly decreased. H&E and PAS histological evaluation showed that both the structure of canine liver tissue and the ability to synthesize hepatic glycogen could be restored to the control level after cADSCs transplantation. Therefore, cADSCs can play a therapeutic role in the recovery of liver injury. Overall, this study demonstrates that the primary cADSCs transplantation into the acute liver injury model induced by intravenous injection can play a certain therapeutic role in the recovery of liver in canines. These results may provide a new treatment idea for acute liver disease in pets clinically.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Administração Intravenosa/veterinária , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/veterinária , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Tetracloreto de Carbono/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/terapia , Cães , Feminino , Injeções Intraperitoneais/veterinária , Masculino
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(28): 28817-28828, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377928

RESUMO

A review of energy subsidy research from a bibliometric perspective was conducted. Based on the bibliometric method, a statistical analysis of energy subsidy-related publications from 1997 to 2016 was undertaken using the Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) databases. A total of 1182 publications were retrieved, with a significant increase in the number of publications observed after 2006. The majority of these publications were within the disciplines of Energy & Fuels and Environmental Science & Ecology. Although the USA and China contributed the most papers, authors from 96 countries were involved in the various studies. The USA was the center of global collaborations, while other countries/territories mainly conducted bilateral or regional collaborations in their research activities. Five of the top 11 most productive institutes were from China, followed by the USA. The frequency of collaborations among institutes was relatively low. However, the institute-keyword 2-mode network showed that institutes had great potential to cooperate on a number of common topics. Five major themes were identified from the co-keywords analysis: general renewable energy research, bio-energies, sustainability, subsidies, and welfare. The findings, as a complement to previous conventional reviews, will be useful in future energy subsidy research.


Assuntos
Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Energia Renovável , Bibliometria , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos
19.
Cell Prolif ; 52(3): e12591, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To date, many efforts have been made to establish porcine embryonic stem (pES) cells without success. Extraembryonic endoderm (XEN) cells can self-renew and differentiate into the visceral endoderm and parietal endoderm. XEN cells are derived from the primitive endoderm of the inner cell mass of blastocysts and may be an intermediate state in cell reprogramming. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Porcine XEN cells (pXENCs) were generated from porcine pluripotent stem cells (pPSCs) and were characterized by RNA sequencing and immunofluorescence analyses. The developmental potential of pXENCs was investigated in chimeric mouse embryos. RESULTS: Porcine XEN cells derived from porcine pPSCs were successfully expanded in N2B27 medium supplemented with bFGF for least 30 passages. RNA sequencing and immunofluorescence analyses showed that pXENCs expressed the murine and canine XEN markers Gata6, Gata4, Sox17 and Pdgfra but not the pluripotent markers Oct4, Sox2 and TE marker Cdx2. Moreover, these cells contributed to the XEN when injected into four-cell stage mouse embryos. Supplementation with Chir99021 and SB431542 promoted the pluripotency of the pXENCs. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully derived pXENCs and showed that supplementation with Chir99021 and SB431542 confer them with pluripotency. Our results provide a new resource for investigating the reprogramming mechanism of porcine-induced pluripotent stem cells.


Assuntos
Endoderma/citologia , Endoderma/embriologia , Suínos/embriologia , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Técnicas de Cocultura , Cães , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Endoderma/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos/genética , Suínos/metabolismo , Quimeras de Transplante
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(4)2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30781644

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is the main pathogenesis of diabetic microangiopathy, which can cause microvascular endothelial cell damage and destroy vascular barrier. In this study, it is found that carnosol protects human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) through antioxidative mechanisms. First, we measured the antioxidant activity of carnosol. We showed that carnosol pretreatment suppressed tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced cell viability, affected the production of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS), and increased the produce of nitric oxide (NO). Additionally, carnosol promotes the protein expression of vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) to keep the integrity of intercellular junctions, which indicated that it protected microvascular barrier in oxidative stress. Meanwhile, we investigated that carnosol can interrupt Nrf2-Keap1 protein-protein interaction and stimulated antioxidant-responsive element (ARE)-driven luciferase activity in vitro. Mechanistically, we showed that carnosol promotes the expression of heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) and nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2(Nrf2). It can also promote the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Collectively, our data support the notion that carnosol is a protective agent in HMVECs and has the potential for therapeutic use in the treatments of microvascular endothelial cell injury.


Assuntos
Abietanos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Abietanos/química , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Benzotiazóis/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoproteção/genética , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/metabolismo , Humanos , Microvasos/patologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ácidos Sulfônicos/metabolismo , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido
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