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2.
Biomolecules ; 13(1)2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671534

RESUMO

Dihydroorotase (DHOase) is the third enzyme in the pathway used for the biosynthesis of pyrimidine nucleotides. In mammals, DHOase is active in a trifunctional enzyme, CAD, which also carries out the activities of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase and aspartate transcarbamoylase. Prior to this study, it was unknown whether the FDA-approved clinical drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which is used as an anticancer therapy, could bind to the DHOase domain of human CAD (huDHOase). Here, we identified huDHOase as a new 5-FU binding protein, thereby extending the 5-FU interactome to this human enzyme. In order to investigate where 5-FU binds to huDHOase, we solved the complexed crystal structure at 1.97 Å (PDB ID 8GVZ). The structure of huDHOase complexed with malate was also determined for the sake of comparison (PDB ID 8GW0). These two nonsubstrate ligands were bound at the active site of huDHOase. It was previously established that the substrate N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate is either bound to or moves away from the active site, but it is the loop that is extended towards (loop-in mode) or moved away (loop-out mode) from the active site. DHOase also binds to nonsubstrate ligands via the loop-out mode. In contrast to the Escherichia coli DHOase model, our complexed structures revealed that huDHOase binds to either 5-FU or malate via the loop-in mode. We further characterized the binding of 5-FU to huDHOase using site-directed mutagenesis and the fluorescence quenching method. Considering the loop-in mode, the dynamic loop in huDHOase should be a suitable drug-targeting site for further designing inhibitors and clinical chemotherapies to suppress pyrimidine biosynthesis in cancer cell lines.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Di-Hidro-Orotase , Animais , Humanos , Di-Hidro-Orotase/química , Di-Hidro-Orotase/metabolismo , Malatos , Ligantes , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Mamíferos/metabolismo
3.
Molecules ; 28(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677881

RESUMO

Allantoinase (ALLase; EC 3.5.2.5) possesses a binuclear metal center in which two metal ions are bridged by a posttranslationally carbamylated lysine. ALLase acts as a key enzyme for the biogenesis and degradation of ureides by catalyzing the conversion of allantoin into allantoate. Biochemically, ALLase belongs to the cyclic amidohydrolase family, which also includes dihydropyrimidinase, dihydroorotase, hydantoinase (HYDase), and imidase. Previously, the crystal structure of ALLase from Escherichia coli K-12 (EcALLase-K12) was reported; however, the two active site loops crucial for substrate binding were not determined. This situation would limit further docking and protein engineering experiments. Here, we solved the crystal structure of E. coli BL21 ALLase (EcALLase-BL21) at a resolution of 2.07 Å (PDB ID 8HFD) to obtain more information for structural analyses. The structure has a classic TIM barrel fold. As compared with the previous work, the two missed active site loops in EcALLase-K12 were clearly determined in our structure of EcALLase-BL21. EcALLase-BL21 shared active site similarity with HYDase, an important biocatalyst for industrial production of semisynthetic penicillin and cephalosporins. Based on this structural comparison, we discussed the functional role of the two active site loops in EcALLase-BL21 to better understand the substrate/inhibitor binding mechanism for further biotechnological and pharmaceutical applications.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli K12 , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Amidoidrolases/química , Catálise , Cristalografia por Raios X , Sítios de Ligação
4.
J Org Chem ; 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701209

RESUMO

An electro-triggered cascade cyclization strategy was disclosed with concomitant phosphinylation and N-heterocycle construction. It provides a novel and environmentally friendly approach to access phosphinyl-substituted N-heterocycles with no external metal catalyst, oxidant, or heating. Mechanistic studies have revealed that anodic oxidation of H-phosphorus compounds occurs first to generate the key P-centered radical directly and cathodic reduction leads to the concurrent release of molecular hydrogen or methane. This protocol features simple operation, broad substrate scope, clean and mild conditions, and atom and step economy to form heterocycle-containing organophosphorus scaffolds.

5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696156

RESUMO

It is well known that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in Schizochytrium sp. are mainly synthesized via the polyketide synthase (PKS) pathway. However, the specific mechanism of PKS in fatty acid synthesis is still unclear. In this work, the functions of ORFA, ORFB, ORFC, and their individual functional domain genes on fatty acid synthesis were investigated through heterologous expression in Yarrowia lipolytica. The results showed that the expression of ORFA, ORFB, ORFC, and their individual functional domains all led to the increase of the very long-chain PUFA content (mainly eicosapentaenoic acid). Furthermore, the transcriptomic analysis showed that except for the 3-ketoacyl-ACP synthase (KS) domain of ORFB, the expression of an individual functional domain, including malonyl-CoA: ACP acyltransferase, 3-hydroxyacyl-ACP dehydratase (DH), 3-ketoacyl-ACP reductase, and KS domains of ORFA, acyltransferase domains of ORFB, and two DH domains of ORFC resulted in upregulation of the tricarboxylic acid cycle and pentose phosphate pathway, downregulation of the triacylglycerol biosynthesis, fatty acid synthesis pathway, and ß-oxidation in Yarrowia lipolytica. These results provide a theoretical basis for revealing the function of PKS in fatty acid synthesis in Y. lipolytica and elucidate the possible mechanism for PUFA biosynthesis.

6.
Acta Cir Bras ; 37(12): e371201, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651426

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common human cancer along with higher incidence and mortality, and this study aimed to identify the effect of cincumol on CRC and its potential mechanisms. METHODS: CRC cell line HCT116 was used as the material. Cell proliferation was evaluated by CCK-8 assay, and cell migration was detected by scratch test and Transwell assay. TUNEL staining assay was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. The expression of target genes was detected by qualitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot assays. RESULTS: Cincumol significantly reduced the proliferative and migratory rate and enhanced apoptotic rate of HCT116 cells. Meanwhile, the elevated levels of RBUsuh, Nicd and Tace was also observed in cincumol-treated HCT116 cells. Moreover, our findings revealed that additional cincumol inhibited the expression of p-PI3K and p-AKT, suggesting the inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling might be involved in the protective role of cincumol on the malignant phenotypes of CRC cells in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Cincumol inhibited the malignant phenotypes of CRC cells in vitro through inactivating PI3K/AKT signaling, suggesting that cincumol might be a potential anti-CRC agent.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Células HCT116 , Apoptose , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Fenótipo , Proliferação de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
7.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; : 1-9, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36620916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Curative hepatectomy is currently the first-line treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the prognosis is still not optimistic. The prediction model for prognosis of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related BCLC 0-A stage HCC has not been well established. Therefore, we aimed to develop new nomograms to predict recurrence and survival in these patients. METHODS: A total of 982 patients with HBV-related BCLC 0-A stage HCC who underwent curative hepatectomy at West China Hospital from February 2007 to February 2016 were retrospectively collected and randomly allocated to a training set and a validation set in a ratio of 4:1. Prognostic nomograms using data from the training set were developed using a Cox regression model and validated on the validation set. RESULTS: We constructed nomograms based on independent factors for recurrence-free survival (RFS) (tumor size, satellite, microvascular invasion, capsular invasion, differentiation and aspartate aminotransferase to albumin ratio (ASAR)) and overall survival (OS) (gender, tumor size, satellite, microvascular invasion, differentiation, lymphocyte count, and ASAR). Compared with conventional HCC staging systems and other nomograms reported by previous literature, our ASAR integrated nomograms predicted RFS and OS with the highest C-indexes (0.682 (95%CI: 0.646-0.709), 0.729 (95%CI: 0.691-0.766), respectively) and had well-fitted calibration curves in the training set. Concurrently, the nomograms also obtained consistent results in the validation set. DCA revealed that our nomograms provided the largest clinical net benefits. CONCLUSION: We first constructed ASAR integrated nomograms to predict the prognosis of HBV-related BCLC 0-A stage HCC patients after curative hepatectomy with good performance.

9.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 24(1): 16, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639646

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Correctly identifying the driver genes that promote cell growth can significantly assist drug design, cancer diagnosis and treatment. The recent large-scale cancer genomics projects have revealed multi-omics data from thousands of cancer patients, which requires to design effective models to unlock the hidden knowledge within the valuable data and discover cancer drivers contributing to tumorigenesis. RESULTS: In this work, we propose a graph convolution network-based method called MRNGCN that integrates multiple gene relationship networks to identify cancer driver genes. First, we constructed three gene relationship networks, including the gene-gene, gene-outlying gene and gene-miRNA networks. Then, genes learnt feature presentations from the three networks through three sharing-parameter heterogeneous graph convolution network (HGCN) models with the self-attention mechanism. After that, these gene features pass a convolution layer to generate fused features. Finally, we utilized the fused features and the original feature to optimize the model by minimizing the node and link prediction losses. Meanwhile, we combined the fused features, the original features and the three features learned from every network through a logistic regression model to predict cancer driver genes. CONCLUSIONS: We applied the MRNGCN to predict pan-cancer and cancer type-specific driver genes. Experimental results show that our model performs well in terms of the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and the area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC) compared to state-of-the-art methods. Ablation experimental results show that our model successfully improved the cancer driver identification by integrating multiple gene relationship networks.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Neoplasias , Humanos , Algoritmos , Oncogenes , MicroRNAs/genética , Genômica/métodos , Neoplasias/genética
10.
Phytomedicine ; 111: 154665, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36641977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lianhua Qingwen Granules or Capsules (LHQW) has accumulated much research evidence in the fight against the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. However, there are still few data on its efficacy and safety in children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of LHQW in children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron infection. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, propensity-score matched retrospective cohort study of children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron infection in Shanghai New International Expo Center mobile cabin hospital between April 1st and June 1st, 2022. Eligible patients received either LHQW granules/capsules plus supportive care (LHQW group) or supportive care alone (control group). The primary outcome was the negative conversion time of nucleic acid. Secondary outcomes included the negative conversion rate of nucleic acid, the length of hospital stay, clinical disease progression, and cycle threshold [Ct] values for SARS-CoV-2 open reading frame [ORF1ab] or nucleocapsid [N] genes. RESULTS: Overall, 2808 patients were enrolled, and 346 patients in each group were included in the analysis. Among the propensity-score matched groups, LHQW treatment was associated with an accelerated negative conversion time of nucleic acid (median: 5 d vs. 6 d, Hazard ratio: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.08 - 1.46, Log-rank p < 0.001), a higher negative conversion rate of nucleic acid (Day 2 - 6: 2.9% vs. 0.6%, p = 0.036; 29.8% vs. 5.5%, p < 0.001; 42.5% vs. 24.3%, p < 0.001; 51.4% vs. 31.5%, p < 0.001; 63.3% vs. 55.2%, p = 0.030), shorter hospital stay (median: 10 d vs. 11 d, Hazard ratio: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.29 - 1.74, Log-rank p < 0.001), and lower rates of asymptomatic infection progressing to mild (37.9% vs. 46.5%, p = 0.021). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that LHQW treatment was associated with faster clinical recovery in children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron infection.

11.
J Food Sci ; 88(1): 537-551, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36524844

RESUMO

In the present study, we investigated the protection of hemp seed polyphenols on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) from H2 O2 -mediated oxidative stress injury. Fractions with different polarities were obtained by separating the hemp seed extract using HPD300 macroporous resin-packed column. The fraction, desorbed by 50% ethanol, is rich in polyphenol (789.51 ± 21.92 mg GAE/g) and has the highest antioxidant activity in vitro. HPLC-QTOF-MS/MS identified the main polyphenol components in hemp seed shells: 4 hydroxycinnamic acid amides and 15 lignanamides. The protective effects of hemp seed polyphenol against oxidative-stress injury in HUVEC cells were evaluated by cell viability, intracellular antioxidant parameters, and cell apoptosis assay. After HUVEC cells were precultured with 50 µg/ml hemp seed polyphenols, the cell viability increased significantly from 53.07 ± 2.46% (model group) to 80.65 ± 1.32% (p < 0.01). In addition, the pretreatment of HUVEC cells with polyphenol could substantially increase their intracellular superoxide dismutase activity and reduce their intracellular reactive oxygen species level, malondialdehyde content, and lactate dehydrogenase leakage index. These findings demonstrate the defensive potential of hemp seed polyphenol in reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Hemp seed shell waste is produced while producing hemp seed kernel and has abundant phenolic compounds. This research showed that hemp seed polyphenol has potent antioxidant activity in vitro and protects HUVEC cells against H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress injury, suggesting that hemp seed polyphenol has the defensive potential to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease. These results indicated that polyphenol separated from hemp seed shells is valuable for further research and development, which will improve the utilization rate of hemp seed.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Sementes , Apoptose
12.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154514, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A wave of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant rapidly resulted in a steep increase in the infected population and an overloaded healthcare system. Effective medications for Omicron are currently limited. The previous observational study supports the efficacy and safety of Reyanning (RYN) mixture in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of RYN in asymptomatic and mildly infected patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial. We consecutively recruited 2830 patients from Shanghai New International Expo Center mobile cabin hospital and randomized them in a 1:1 ratio to receive RYN plus standard care or receive standard care alone. The primary outcomes were the negative conversion of nucleic acid. Secondary outcomes included the hospital duration, new-onset symptoms, proportion of disease progression, and the viral load measured by the cycle threshold (Ct) value. RESULTS: A total of 1393 patients in the intervention group and 1407 patients in the control group completed the study. The negative conversion time of nucleic acid was significantly shortened in the intervention group (median: 6 d vs. 7 d, Hazard ratio: 0.768, 95CI %: 0.713-0.828, p < 0.0001). The negative conversion rate of nucleic acid was significantly higher in the intervention group (Day 3: 32.4% vs. 18.3%; Day7: 65.3% vs. 55.2%, p < 0.001). The hospitalization duration was significantly shortened in the intervention group (median: 8 d vs. 9 d, Hazard ratio: 0.759, 95% CI: 0.704-0.818, p < 0.0001). The proportion of new-onset fever (2.4% vs. 4.1%, p = 0.012), coughing (12.2% vs. 14.8%, p = 0.046), and expectoration (6.0% vs. 8.0%, p = 0.032) in the intervention group was significantly lower. RYN treatment increased Ct values and reduced the viral load. No disease progression and serious adverse events were reported during the study. CONCLUSION: RYN is a safe and effective treatment that can accelerate virus clearance and promote disease recovery in asymptomatic and mild Omicron infections.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Prospectivos , China , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Med Virol ; 95(1): e28383, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477795

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that has affected the lives of billions of individuals. However, the host-virus interactions still need further investigation to reveal the underling mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis. Here, transcriptomics analysis of SARS-CoV-2 infection highlighted possible correlation between host-associated signaling pathway and virus. In detail, cAMP-protein kinase (PKA) pathway has an essential role in SARS-CoV-2 infection, followed by the interaction between cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB) and CREB-binding protein (CBP) could be induced and leading to the enhancement of CREB/CBP transcriptional activity. The replication of Delta and Omicron BA.5 were inhibited by about 49.4% and 44.7% after knockdown of CREB and CBP with small interfering RNAs, respectively. Furthermore, a small organic molecule naphthol AS-E (nAS-E), which targets on the interaction between CREB and CBP, potently inhibited SARS-CoV-2 wild-type (WT) infection with comparable the half-maximal effective concentration (EC50 ) 1.04 µM to Remdesivir 0.57 µM. Compared with WT virus, EC50 in Calu-3 cells against Delta, Omicron BA.2, and Omicron BA.5 were, on average, 1.5-fold, 1.1-fold, and 1.5-fold higher, respectively, nAS-E had a satisfied antiviral effect against Omicron variants. Taken together, our study demonstrated the importance of CREB/CBP induced by cAMP-PKA pathway during SARS-CoV-2 infection, and further provided a novel CREB/CBP interaction therapeutic drug targets for COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico , Humanos , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo
14.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20944, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470935

RESUMO

Through anatomy, microscope, histopathology, and simulating needle knife operation on specimens, to accumulate the relevant parameters of the A1 pulley of thumb, and to provide an anatomical evidence for the needle knife therapy of stenosing flexor tenosynovitis. A total of 20 fingers were selected from 20 intact adult upper limb specimens, a small amount of emerald green waterproof dye was injected from the needle insertion point, dissected layer by layer, and the A1 pulley and neurovascular bundle were observed. Observe the loosening of the thumb A1 pulley after 5 and 10 times of simulated needle knife cutting on the specimen; observe the relationship between the needle knife entry point and the A1 pulley under the thumb extension and abduction, and the thumb extension neutral position respectively; further observe the histological characteristics, and the relationship between needle entry point and A1 pulley by microscope. ① In general observation, the A1 pulleys of each finger were transverse fibers perpendicular to the flexor tendon, tough in texture, connected with synovial fibers at the proximal end. It is difficult to distinguish, and connected with oblique fibers at the distal end. ② The release rate of the thumb A1 pulley after 5 and 10 times of simulated needle knife cutting on the specimen were (40.46 ± 2.22)% and (63.52 ± 4.49)%, respectively. ③ In the neutral position of the thumb straightening, the needle entry point is 3.06 ± 0.14 mm from the proximal side of the proximal edge of the A1 pulley, which overlaps with the needle entry point where the thumb is straight and abducted. ④ Observed under a microscope, the A1 pulley is a dense transverse fiber with a pale yellow dense connective tissue, both ends are continuous with the synovial fibers. It is thin and translucent, and loose connective tissue. The A1 pulley is a dense transverse fiber with a pale yellow dense connective tissue. The anatomical key points of the needle knife therapy lie in the extended and abducted position of the thumb. Currently, it is believed that cutting the proximal edge of the A1 pulley is sufficient, and there is no need to cut the entire A1 pulley.


Assuntos
Dedos , Polegar , Polegar/cirurgia , Polegar/anatomia & histologia , Dedos/anatomia & histologia , Tendões/anatomia & histologia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Agulhas
15.
J Affect Disord ; 323: 257-263, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence indicates that depression is more common in people who partake in a pro-inflammatory diet. The objective of our study was to assess the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and depression through a cross-sectional study of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2007 to 2018. METHODS: We used weighted multivariable logistic regression models with subgroup analysis to explore the relationship between DII and depression. Generalized additive models were used to test whether there was a nonlinear association. Then, we constructed a two-piece linear regression model and performed a recursive algorithm to calculate the inflection point. RESULTS: The study enrolled a total of 30,627 individuals from the United States. In the regression model with full confounding variables adjusted, the OR (95 % CI) for the association between DII and depression was 1.05 (1.04, 1.06). A J-shaped association was found between DII and depression, with a turning point of 2.74. After the turning point, the OR (95 % CI) was 1.60 (1.51, 1.69). Only the interaction in the cardiovascular disease (CVD) analysis was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Our study highlighted a J-shaped association between DII and depression in a nationally representative sample of adults from the United States.

16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20737, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36456645

RESUMO

Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma (LUSC) is an aggressive malignancy with limited therapeutic options. The response to immune therapy is a determining factor for the prognosis of LUSC patients. This study aimed to develop a reliable immune-related prognostic signature in LUSC. We extracted gene expression and clinical data of LUSC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). A total of 502 patients enrolled and were divided into respond and non-responder groups by the TIDE algorithm. The CIBERSORT algorithm and the LM22 gene signature were used to analyze the distribution of immune cells in LUSC. Efficacy and response strength of immunotherapy are calculated by the tumor mutation burden (TMB) and ESTIMATE Score. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two groups were analyzed. The differential expression genes related to overall survival were pointed as hub DEGs, and a prognostic signature was constructed with lasso regression analysis. LUSC patients were divided into responder and non-responder groups based on the response to immunotherapy. The distribution of immune cells was significantly different between the two groups. Forty-four DGEs were considered as overall survival-related genes. A prognostic signature was constructed, consisting of 11 hub-DGEs, including MMP20, C18orf26, CASP14, FAM71E2, OPN4, CGB5, DIRC1, C9orf11, SPATA8, C9orf144B, and ZCCHC5. The signature can accurately distinguish LUSC patients into high and low-risk groups. Moreover, the high-risk group had a shorter survival time than the low-risk group. The area under the ROC curve was 0.67. The multivariate Cox regression showed that the risk score calculated by the constructed signature was an independent prognostic predictor for LUSC patients. In short, we established a novel immune-related prognostic signature in LUCS, which has significant sensitivity and accuracy in predicting the prognosis of patients. Our research can guide the evaluation of the prognosis of LUSC patients in clinical, and the discovered immune-related genes can provide a theoretical basis for the discovery of new therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Pulmão
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495431

RESUMO

Bacterial community structure of activated sludge directly affects the stable operation of WWTPS, and these bacterial communities may carry a variety of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which is a threat to the public health. This study employed 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenomic sequencing to investigate the bacterial community composition and the ARGs in a sludge bulking oxidation ditch-denitrification filter WWTP in a cold region. The results showed that Trichococcus (20.34%), Blautia (7.72%), and Faecalibacterium (3.64%) were the main bacterial genera in the influent. The relative abundances of norank_f_Saprospiraceae and Candidatus_Microthrix reached 10.24% and 8.40%, respectively, in bulking sludge, and those of norank_f_Saprospiraceae and Candidatus_Microthrix decreased to 6.56 and 7.10% after the anaerobic tank, indicating that the anaerobic tank had an inhibitory effect on filamentous bacteria. After 20 mJ/cm2 UV disinfection, about 540 bacterial genera, such as Romboutsia (7.99%), Rhodoferax (7.98%), and Thermomonas (4.13%), could still be detected in the effluent. The ARGs were 345.11 ppm in the influent and 11.20 ppm in the effluent; 17 subtypes, such as sul1, msrE, aadA5, ErmF, and tet(A), could be detected throughout the entire process. These ARG subtypes were persistent ARGs with a high health risk. Network analysis indicated that the changes in filamentous bacteria norank_f_Saprospiraceae abundance mainly contributed to the abundance shift of MexB, and Acinetobacter mainly increased the abundance of drfA1. These results above will provide theoretical support for the sludge bulking and ARGs controls of WWTPs in cold regions.

18.
Brain Sci ; 12(12)2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552151

RESUMO

Aiming to investigate the relationship between pulse pressure (PP) and cognitive decline, cognitively normal subjects from a community-based longitudinal cohort were followed-up for 4 years. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was used to evaluate global cognitive function, and a ≥2-point decrease in the MMSE score from baseline was defined as cognitive decline. Restricted cubic spline, multivariable linear regression and logistic regression were used to investigate the relationship between PP and cognitive decline. A total of 1173 participants completed the follow-up, and 205 (17.5%) met the criteria for cognitive decline. Restricted cubic splines showed no nonlinear relationship between PP and ΔMMSE (Poverall = 0.037, Pnon-linear = 0.289) or cognitive decline (Poverall = 0.003, Pnon-linear = 0.845). Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that PP was positively related to ΔMMSE (b = 0.021, p = 0.020). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that PP was positively associated with cognitive decline (OR = 1.020, p = 0.023). A stratified analysis found an association between PP and cognitive decline in participants who were aged ≤65 years, male, and APOEε4 noncarriers and who had school education ≤6 years or hypertension. A sensitivity analysis after propensity-score matching did not alter our findings. These findings highlight that elevated PP is associated with rapid cognitive decline, particularly in males, middle-aged, low-educated, hypertensive individuals and APOEε4 noncarriers.

19.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36513497

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Schenck IV knee dislocation patients have dissatisfactory knee function and return-to-sport rate with the existing treatment methods. The purpose of this study was to illustrate a one-stage arthroscopic multiple ligament reconstruction method for treating Schenck IV knee dislocations. METHODS: A retrospective case series study was performed. All patients with a history of Schenck IV knee dislocation who underwent one-stage arthroscopic multi-ligament reconstruction from 2010 to 2018 were followed for 24 months. The outcomes, including general patient data, Lysholm scores, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores, knee active range of motion, and complications, were reviewed. The data was analyzed with paired-samples t-test. RESULTS: A total of 12 patients, comprising nine males and three females, were followed up and reviewed. The mean age at the time of the surgical procedure was 40.3 ± 9.0 (22-57) years. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 24.6 ± 4.9 (15.2-32.5) kg/m2 . The mean IKDC score and Lysholm score before surgery were 30.4 ± 6.1 (21-42) and 28.2 ± 6.2 (22-39), respectively. The average operation time was 121.8 minutes. The mean IKDC score and Lysholm score at the 24-month follow-up were 80.6 ± 6.5 (68-92) and 82.0 ± 7.5 (72-95), respectively. There were significant differences in the IKDC and Lysholm scores between the preoperative and 24-month postoperative time points (p < 0.01). The mean knee range of motion was 124.6° ± 6.6° (115°-135°) at the 24-month follow-up. No major complications occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this retrospective study suggest that the new arthroscopic one-stage multi-ligament reconstruction technique is an effective way to treat Schenck IV knee dislocation with satisfactory postoperative knee function.

20.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522292

RESUMO

The increasing market demand for squalene requires novel biotechnological production platforms. Schizochytrium sp. is an industrial oleaginous host with a high potential for squalene production due to its abundant native acetyl-CoA pool. We first found that iron starvation led to the accumulation of 1.5 g/L of squalene by Schizochytrium sp., which was 40-fold higher than in the control. Subsequent transcriptomic and lipidomic analyses showed that the high squalene titer is due to the diversion of precursors from lipid biosynthesis and increased triglycerides (TAG) content for squalene storage. Furthermore, we constructed the engineered acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase (ACAT)-overexpressing strain 18S::ACAT, which produced 2.79 g/L of squalene, representing an 86% increase over the original strain. Finally, a nitrogen-rich feeding strategy was developed to further increase the squalene titer of the engineered strain, which reached 10.78 g/L in fed-batch fermentation, a remarkable 161-fold increase over the control. To our best knowledge, this is the highest squalene yield in thraustochytrids reported to date.

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