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1.
J Mol Graph Model ; 110: 108069, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773872

RESUMO

Chiral organophosphorus agents are distributed ubiquitously in the environment, but the neuroactivity of these asymmetric chemicals to humans remains uncertain. This scenario was to explore the stereoselective neurobiological response of human acetylcholinesterase (AChE) to chiral pyraclofos at the enantiomeric scale, and then decipher the microscopic basis of enantioselective neurotoxicity of pyraclofos enantiomers. The results indicated that (R)-/(S)-pyraclofos can form the bioconjugates with AChE with a stoichiometric ratio of 1:1, but the neuronal affinity of (R)-pyraclofos (K = 6.31 × 104 M-1) with AChE was larger than that of (S)-pyraclofos (K = 1.86 × 104 M-1), and significant enantioselectivity was existed in the biochemical reaction. The modes of neurobiological action revealed that pyraclofos enantiomers were situated at the substrate binding domain, and the strength of the overall noncovalent bonds between (S)-pyraclofos and the residues was weaker than that of (R)-pyraclofos, resulting in the high inhibitory effect of (R)-pyraclofos toward the activity of AChE. Dynamic enantioselective biointeractions illustrated that the intervention of inherent conformational flexibility in the AChE-(R)-pyraclofos was greater than that of the AChE-(S)-pyraclofos, which arises from the big spatial displacement and the conformational flip of the binding domain composed of the residues Thr-64~Asn-89, Gly-122~Asp-134, and Thr-436~Tyr-449. Energy decomposition exhibited that the Gibbs free energies of the AChE-(R)-/(S)-pyraclofos were ΔG° = ï¼37.4/-30.2 kJ mol-1, respectively, and the disparity comes from the electrostatic energy during the stereoselective neurochemical reactions. Quantitative conformational analysis further confirmed the atomic-scale computational chemistry conclusions, and the perturbation of (S)-pyraclofos on the AChE's ordered conformation was lower than that of (R)-pyraclofos, which is germane to the interaction energies of the crucial residues, e.g. Tyr-124, Tyr-337, Asp-74, Trp-86, and Tyr-119. Evidently, this attempt will contribute mechanistic information to uncovering the neurobiological effects of chiral organophosphates on the body.

2.
Med Gas Res ; 12(1): 6-9, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472496

RESUMO

Central nervous system tumors are classified as diseases of special clinical significance with high disability and high mortality. In addition to cerebrovascular diseases and craniocerebral injuries, tumors are the most common diseases of the central nervous system. Hydrogen sulfide, the third endogenous gas signaling molecule discovered in humans besides nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, plays an important role in the pathophysiology of human diseases. It is reported that hydrogen sulfide not only exerts a wide range of biological effects, but also develops a certain relationship with tumor development and neovascularization. A variety of studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide acts as a vasodilator and angiogenetic factor to facilitate growth, proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells. In this review, the pathological mechanisms and the effect of hydrogen sulfide on the central nervous system tumors are introduced.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , Monóxido de Carbono , Sistema Nervoso Central , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 433-439, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269220

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate protein expression by antagonizing the translation of mRNAs and are effective regulators of normal nervous system development, function, and disease. MicroRNA-29b (miR-29b) plays a broad and critical role in brain homeostasis. In this study, we tested the function of miR-29b in animal and cell models by inhibiting miR-29b expression. Mouse models of middle cerebral artery occlusion were established using the modified Zea-Longa suture method. Prior to modeling, 50 nmol/kg miR-29b antagomir was injected via the tail vein. MiR-29b expression was found to be abnormally increased in ischemic brain tissue. The inhibition of miR-29b expression decreased the neurological function score and reduced the cerebral infarction volume and cell apoptosis. In addition, the inhibition of miR-29b significantly decreased the malondialdehyde level, increased superoxide dismutase activity, and Bcl-2 expression, and inhibited Bax and Caspase3 expression. PC12 cells were treated with glutamate for 12 hours to establish in vitro cell models of ischemic stroke and then treated with the miR-29 antagomir for 48 hours. The results revealed that miR-29b inhibition in PC12 cells increased Bcl-2 expression and inhibited cell apoptosis and oxidative damage. These findings suggest that the inhibition of miR-29b inhibits oxidative stress and cell apoptosis in ischemic stroke, producing therapeutic effects in ischemic stroke. This study was approved by the Laboratory Animal Care and Use Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (approval No. 201709276S) on September 27, 2017.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126079, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610428

RESUMO

Degradation of bioplastics in food-waste-treating anaerobic digestion (AD) plants is becoming an increasingly concerning issue as they are inevitably mixed with food waste during the waste collection process. The aim of this study was to assess the degradation of PBAT/PLA based biopolymer bags during mesophilic and thermophilic AD, co-digested with food waste, and subsequent aerobic post-treatment. After the AD process, no discernable biological degradation was observed for all of the PBAT/PLA polymers. The comparison of FTIR, XRD, TG analysis and contact angle analysis between raw and degraded PBAT/PLA polymer revealed structural changes after anaerobic incubation. Subsequent aerobic treatment facilitated the degradation of the PBAT/PLA polymers from thermophilic AD, which was attributed to the polymer-degrading microorganisms Brevundimonas and Sphingobacterium. Physical disintegration of the PBAT/PLA polymer was observed under thermophilic conditions. Those undegraded polymer fragments could affect digestate quality and increase the risk of releasing microplastics into the environment.


Assuntos
Micobioma , Eliminação de Resíduos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Digestão , Alimentos , Metano , Plásticos , Polímeros , Esgotos
5.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739450

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Emergence delirium is a common complication after sevoflurane-anesthesia and have a serious impact on children undergoing cleft palate surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of propofol and dexmedetomidine on emergence delirium in children. Ninety children aged 8 to 24 months, underwent cleft palate repair, were enrolled in the study. Children were randomly assigned to 3 groups after the induction: Group C (intravenous infusion 0.9% saline), Group P (intravenous infusion 2 mg/kg/hour propofol), and Group D (intravenous infusion 0.5 µg/kg/hour dexmedetomidine). Emergence delirium was diagnosed using the pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale and pain using the face, legs, activity, cry, consolability scale. Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, respiratory recovery time, extubation time, post anesthesia care unit observation time, and adverse events were also evaluated. A total of 86 patients were analyzed. The incidence of emergence delirium was 20.1% in group D, 58.6% in group P and 85.7% in group C (P < 0.05). A lower face, legs, activity, cry, consolability score was seen in group D than in group P and group C (3.9 + 1.1 versus 6.1 ±â€Š0.9 and 7.1 ±â€Š1.0, P < 0.05). The value of heart rate and mean arterial pressure during emergence in group P and group C were significantly higher than that in group D (All P < 0.05). These findings suggest that dexmedetomidine as a sedative, analgesic, and sympatholytic agent was superior to propofol in reducing the incidence of emergence delirium in children undergoing cleft palates surgery with sevoflurane-based anesthesia.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740213

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: SIRT1 functions as a longevity factor to counteract vascular aging induced by high glucose. Our previous study revealed that rutaecarpine, the natural agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TPRV1), prevented high glucose-induced endothelial dysfunction. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of rutaecarpine on endothelial cells senescence induced by high glucose, and focus on the regulatory effect on SIRT1 expression. In cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC), exposure to 33 mM high glucose for 72 h induced cellular senescence, demonstrated as cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase, decreased cell viability, and increased number of SA-ß-gal positive senescence cells and ROS production, which were effectively attenuated by treatment with rutaecarpine(0.3,1, and 3 µM). Furthermore, rutaecarpine upregulated longevity protein SIRT1 expression in HUVECs, accompanied by decreased level of senescence marker P21. Additionally, rutaecarpine increased intracellular calcium level in HUVECs, and pretreatment with TRPV1 antagonist capsazepine, intracellular Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM or CaM antagonist W-7 abolished the effects of rutaecarpine on SIRT1 expression. In summary, this study shows that rutaecarpine upregulates SIRT1 expression and prevents high glucose-induced endothelial cell senescence, which is related to activation of TRPV1/[Ca2+]i/CaM signal pathway. Our findings provide evidence that rutaecarpine may be a promising candidate with a novel mechanism in prevention vascular aging in diabetes.

7.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 12(11): e00425, 2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751187

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) and α-fetoprotein (AFP) are routinely tested in patients with liver malignancies before surgery. However, few reports have explored the relevance of the expression pattern of these 2 tumor markers regarding the prognosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). We herein combined these 2 tumor markers to investigate the influence on ICC malignancy and patient prognosis. METHODS: From March 2009 to December 2019, 519 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed ICC who underwent R0 resection were enrolled and followed. The relationships between clinicopathological parameters and these 2 tumor markers were analyzed. Propensity score matching was used to eliminate the baseline differences. RESULTS: A lower proportion of patients with double-negative AFP and CA19-9 had advanced tumor-node-metastasis stage, larger tumor diameter, multiple tumors, lymph node metastasis, microvascular invasion, and perineural invasion. With propensity score matching, patients were divided into double-negative and non-double-negative groups, with 128 patients in each group, and the 5-year recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates were 33.8 vs 15.2 (P < 0.001) and 45.3 vs 19.0, respectively (P < 0.001). In the multivariate Cox analyses, double negativity for the 2 tumor markers was an independent factor for recurrence-free survival (hazard ratios, 0.578; 95% CI, 0.442-0.755, P < 0.001) and overall survival (hazard ratios, 0.567; 95% CI, 0.434-0.741, P < 0.001). DISCUSSION: Double negativity for CA19-9 and AFP indicated less invasive tumor characteristics in patients with ICC. Patients with double-negative tumor markers achieved better outcomes than those with non-double-negative markers, which is meaningful for prognostic counseling and therapeutic triage.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 728905, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803580

RESUMO

Purpose: The rearranged during transfection (RET) receptor tyrosine kinase plays a key role in transducing signals related to cell growth and differentiation. Ret mutant mice show abnormal retinal activity and abnormal levels and morphology of bipolar cells, yet die on the 21st day after birth as a result of renal underdevelopment. To extend the observation period, we generated the Ret conditional knockout Chx10-Cre;C-Ret lx/lx mouse model and analyzed the retinal function and morphological changes in mature and aging Chx10-Cre;C-Ret lx/lx mice. Methods: Retina-specific depletion of Ret was achieved using mice with floxed alleles of the Ret gene with CHX10-driven Cre recombinase; floxed mice without Cre expression were used as controls. Retinal function was examined using electroretinography (ERG), and 2-, 4-, 12-, and 24-month-old mice were analyzed by hematoxylin staining and immunohistochemistry to evaluate retinal morphological alterations. The ultrastructure of photoreceptor synapses was evaluated using electron microscopy. Results: The results of the ERG testing showed that b-wave amplitudes were reduced in Chx10-Cre;C-Ret lx/lx mice, whereas a-waves were not affected. A histopathological analysis revealed a thinner and disorganized outer plexiform layer at the ages of 12 and 24 months in Chx10-Cre;C-Ret lx/lx mice. Moreover, the data provided by immunohistochemistry showed defects in the synapses of photoreceptor cells. This result was confirmed at the ultrastructural level, thus supporting the participation of Ret in the morphological changes of the synaptic ribbon. Conclusion: Our results provide evidence of the role of Ret in maintaining the function of the retina, which was essential for preserving the structure of the synaptic ribbon and supporting the integrity of the outer plexiform layer.

9.
Epilepsy Res ; 178: 106791, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuromodulation is a promising therapeutic alternative for epilepsy. We aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of cathodal transcranial current direct stimulation (ctDCS) on electroencephalographic functional networks in focal epilepsy. METHODS: A sham-controlled, double-blinded, randomized study was conducted on 25 participants with focal epilepsy who underwent a 5-day, -1.0 mA, 20 min ctDCS, which targeted at the most active interictal epileptiform discharge (IED) region. We examined the electroencephalograms (EEGs) at baseline, immediately and at 4 weeks following ctDCS. The graph theory-based brain networks were established through time-variant partial directed coherence (TVPDC), and were calculated between each pair of EEG signals. The functional networks were characterized using average clustering coefficient, characteristic path length, and small-worldness index. The seizure frequencies, IEDs, graph-theory metrics and cognitive tests were compared. RESULTS: Preliminary findings indicated an IED reduction of 30.2% at the end of 5-day active ctDCS compared to baseline (p < 0.10) and a significant IED reduction of 33.4% 4 weeks later (p < 0.05). In terms of the EEG functional network, the small-worldness index significantly reduced by 3.5% (p < 0.05) and the characteristic path length increased by 1.8% (p < 0.10) at the end of the session compared to the baseline. No obvious change was found in the seizure frequency during follow-up (p > 0.05). The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) showed no difference between the active and sham groups (p > 0.05). No severe adverse reactions were observed. CONCLUSIONS: In focal epilepsy, the 5-day consecutive ctDCS may potentially decrease the IEDs and ameliorate the EEG functional network, proposing a novel personalized therapeutic scenario for epilepsy.

10.
Epilepsia ; 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806164

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the COVID-19 vaccine uptake rate and possible postvaccination effects in adults with epilepsy. METHODS: We invited adults with epilepsy attending three centers in China from July 24 to August 31, 2021 to participate in this study. We also asked age- and sex-matched controls among people attending for other chronic neuropsychiatric conditions and healthy controls accompanying people with illness attending the hospitals to participate. We excluded people who, under the national guidelines, had evident contradictions to vaccination. Participants were interviewed face-to-face using questionnaires. Vaccine uptake and postvaccine adverse events among the people with epilepsy were compared with those with neuropsychiatric conditions and controls. We also compared the willingness and reasons for hesitancy among unvaccinated participants. RESULTS: We enrolled 981 people, of whom 491 had epilepsy, 217 had other neuropsychiatric conditions, and 273 were controls. Forty-two percent of those with epilepsy had had the first dose of a vaccine, compared with 93% of controls and 84% of the people with neuropsychiatric conditions (p < .0001). The majority (93.8%) of those immunized had inactivated vaccines. Among the unvaccinated people with epilepsy, 59.6% were willing to have the vaccine. Their main reasons for hesitation were potential adverse effects (53.3%) and concerns about losing seizure control (47.0%). The incidence of adverse events in the epilepsy group was similar to controls. Nineteen people with epilepsy reported an increase in seizure frequency. No episode of status epilepticus or prolonged seizures was reported. Two controls had their first-ever seizure, which was unlikely related to the vaccine. SIGNIFICANCE: The vaccine uptake rate in people with epilepsy was lower than in their same-age controls. The postvaccination effect was no higher than in controls. We found no evidence suggesting worsening seizures after vaccination. Measurement and education focused on increasing the vaccination rate in epilepsy are warranted.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809992

RESUMO

The construction of hollow mesoporous carbon nanospheres (HMCS) avoiding the use of traditional soft/hard templates is highly desired for nanoscience yet challenging. Herein, we report a simple and straightforward template-free strategy for preparing nitrogen, sulfur dual-doped HMCSs (N/S-HMCSs) as oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts. The unique hollow spherical and mesoporous structure was in-situ formed via a thermally initiated hollowing pathway from an elaborately engineered covalent triazine framework. Regulation of pyrolysis temperatures contributed to precisely tailoring of the shell thickness of HMCSs. The resulting N/S-HMCS900 (pyrolyzed at 900 °C) possessed high N and S contents, large specific surface areas, rich and uniform mesopores distribution. Consequently, as a metal-free ORR electrocatalyst, N/S-HMCS900 exhibits a high half-wave potential, excellent methanol tolerance and great long-term durability. Additionally, density functional theory calculations demonstrate that N, S-dual dopant can create extra active sites with higher catalytic activity than the isolated N-dopant. This strategy provides new insights into the construction of hollow and mesoporous multi-heteroatom-doped carbon materials with tunable nanoarchitecture for various electrochemical applications.

12.
Drug Deliv ; 28(1): 2447-2459, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766540

RESUMO

The polarization of macrophages plays a critical role in the physiological and pathological progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Activated M1 macrophages overexpress folate receptors in arthritic joints. Hence, we developed folic acid (FA)-modified liposomes (FA-Lips) to encapsulate triptolide (TP) (FA-Lips/TP) for the targeted therapy of RA. FA-Lips exhibited significantly higher internalization efficiency in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells than liposomes (Lips) in the absence of folate. Next, an adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rat model was established to explore the biodistribution profiles of FA-Lips which showed markedly selective accumulation in inflammatory paws. Moreover, FA-Lips/TP exhibited greatly improved therapeutic efficacy and low toxicity in AIA rats by targeting M1 macrophages and repolarizing macrophages from M1 to M2 subtypes. Overall, a safe FA-modified liposomal delivery system encapsulating TP was shown to achieve inflammation-targeted therapy against RA via macrophage repolarization.

13.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 724373, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778372

RESUMO

Background: Current biomarkers for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are less effective for early diagnosis and prognosis. The basic leucine zipper ATF-like transcription factor 2 (BATF2) gene has been shown to have a tight association with the pathogenesis of various malignancies but received scant attention in NPC research. We aimed to assess the performances of circulating and tissue BATF2 in the diagnosis and prognosis of NPC. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) microarrays were performed to quantitate the BATF2 protein expression in NPC tissues. The relationships of BATF2 protein expression with clinicopathological characteristics and NPC prognosis were assessed. BATF2 mRNA expressions in serum and serum-derived exosomes were determined using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay. Results: The IHC microarrays revealed a predominant nuclear expression of BATF2 in NPC cells. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that BATF2-positive NPC patients enjoyed longer overall survival than BATF2-negative patients. NPC patients with serum and exosomal BATF2 mRNA expressions made up 51.47 and 48.52% of all patients, respectively. The AUCs of serum and exosomal BATF2 mRNA expressions in discriminating NPC from healthy controls were 0.9409 and 0.8983. Patients who had received radiochemotherapy exhibited higher serum and exosomal BATF2 mRNA expressions versus the levels at baseline as well as those detected in recurrent patients. Conclusion: BATF2 is expressed cancerous tissues, serum, and serum-derived exosomes in NPC patients. Circulating and tissue BATF2 can serve as a multipurpose biomarker capable of the diagnosis, prognosis prediction, efficacy evaluation, and recurrence monitoring in NPC.

14.
Small ; : e2104043, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34846781

RESUMO

The electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) provides a promising strategy to convert the abundant but inert N2 into NH3 using renewable energy. Herein, single-atom Au isolated onto bicontinous nanoporous MoSe2 (np-MoSe2 ) is designed as an electrocatalyst for achieving highly efficient NRR catalysis, which exhibits a high Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 37.82% and an NH3 production rate of 30.83 µg h-1 mg-1 at -0.3 V versus a reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) in 0.1 m Na2 SO4 under ambient conditions. Experimental and theoretical investigations reveal that the introduction of single Au atoms onto np-MoSe2 optimizes the adsorption of NRR intermediates while suppressing the competing HER, thus providing an energetic-favorable process for enhancing the catalytic selectivity toward electrochemical N2 reduction into NH3 .

15.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(5): 1341, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630695

RESUMO

Ski-related novel protein N (SnoN) negatively regulates the transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)/Smads signaling pathway and is present at a low level during diabetic nephropathy (DN), but its underlying regulatory mechanism is currently unknown. The present study aimed to assess the effects of insulin-controlled blood glucose on renal SnoN expression and fibrosis in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM). Streptozotocin-induced DM rats were treated with insulin glargine (INS group) following successful model establishment. Blood samples were collected and centrifuged for biochemical indexes and the kidneys were collected for morphological analysis. In vitro, rat renal proximal tubular epithelial cells were treated with high-glucose medium for 24 h and transferred to normal glucose medium for 24 h. The expression levels of TGF-ß1, SnoN, Smad ubiquitin regulatory factor 2 (Smurf2), Arkadia, Smads, E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin and collagen III were assessed by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The ubiquitylation of SnoN was detected by immunoprecipitation, and the expression levels of SnoN mRNA were evaluated by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. The biochemical parameters and morphology indicated that renal fibrosis was notable in the DM group and mitigated in the INS group. Compared with the control group, TGF-ß1, phosphor (p)-Smad2, p-Smad3, Smurf2 and Arkadia levels were enhanced in the DM group, and the levels of SnoN protein were decreased, whereas the levels of SnoN mRNA and ubiquitylation were increased in renal tissues. Notably, treatment with insulin reversed this trend. Furthermore, changing the glucose levels in the medium from high to normal glucose suppressed the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of NRK-52E cells by restoring the SnoN protein levels, and this phenomenon was impaired by the knockout of SnoN. SnoN protein levels were likely reduced through a mechanism enhanced by the ubiquitin proteasome system, which reversed the transcriptional activation of SnoN during DN progression. In addition, controlling blood glucose may delay DN fibrosis by rescuing the protein stability of SnoN.

16.
Brief Bioinform ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643232

RESUMO

Cancer is thought to be caused by the accumulation of driver genetic mutations. Therefore, identifying cancer driver genes plays a crucial role in understanding the molecular mechanism of cancer and developing precision therapies and biomarkers. In this work, we propose a Multi-Task learning method, called MTGCN, based on the Graph Convolutional Network to identify cancer driver genes. First, we augment gene features by introducing their features on the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. After that, the multi-task learning framework propagates and aggregates nodes and graph features from input to next layer to learn node embedding features, simultaneously optimizing the node prediction task and the link prediction task. Finally, we use a Bayesian task weight learner to balance the two tasks automatically. The outputs of MTGCN assign each gene a probability of being a cancer driver gene. Our method and the other four existing methods are applied to predict cancer drivers for pan-cancer and some single cancer types. The experimental results show that our model shows outstanding performance compared with the state-of-the-art methods in terms of the area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the precision-recall curves. The MTGCN is freely available via https://github.com/weiba/MTGCN.

17.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 718851, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676208

RESUMO

Proopiomelanocortin-positive amacrine cells (POMC ACs) were first discovered in adult mouse retinas in 2010; however, the development of POMC-ACs has not been studied. We bred POMC-EGFP mice to label POMC-positive cells and investigated the development of POMC neurons from embryonic to adult stages. We found that POMC neuron development is mainly divided into three stages: the embryonic stage, the closed-eye stage, and the open-eye stage. Each stage has unique characteristics. In the embryonic stage, POMC neurons appeared in the retina at about E13. There was a cell number developmental peak at E15, followed by a steep decline at E16. POMC neurons showed a large soma and increased spine numbers at the closed-eye stage, and two dendritic sublaminas formed in the inner plexiform layer (IPL). The appearance and increased soma size and dendrite numbers did not occur continuously in space. We found that the soma number was asymmetric between the superior and inferior retinas according to the developmental topographic map. Density peaked in the superior retina, which existed persistently in the retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL), but disappeared from the inner nuclear layer (INL) at about P6. At the same time, the soma distribution in the INL was the most regular. At the open-eye stage, the development of POMC neurons was nearly stable only with only an increase in the IPL width, which increased the soma-dendrite distance.

18.
Nano Lett ; 21(20): 8679-8686, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644077

RESUMO

Precise determination of atomic structures in ferroelectric thin films and their evolution with temperature is crucial for fundamental study and design of functional materials. However, this has been impeded by the lack of techniques applicable to a thin-film geometry. Here we use cryogenic scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) to observe the atomic structure of a BaTiO3 film on a (111)-SrTiO3 substrate under varying temperatures. Our study explicitly proves a structure transition from a complex polymorphic nanodomain configuration at room temperature transitioning to a homogeneous ground-state rhombohedral structure of BaTiO3 below ∼250 K, which was predicted by phase-field simulation. More importantly, another unexpected transition is revealed, a transition to complex nanodomains below ∼105 K caused by an altered mechanical boundary condition due to the antiferrodistortive phase transition of the SrTiO3 substrate. This study demonstrates the power of cryogenic STEM in elucidating structure-property relationships in numerous functional materials at low temperatures.

19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(42): 49952-49963, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652147

RESUMO

Electrode materials with high conductivities that are compatible with flexible substrates are important for preparing high-capacitance electrode materials and improving the energy density of flexible supercapacitors. Here, we report the design and fabrication of a new type of flexible electrode based on nanosheet architectures of a Co-Fe alloy (FeCo-A) coated with ternary metal sulfide composites (FeCo-Ss) on silver-sputtered carbon cloth. The high conductivity of the flexible substrate and the iron-cobalt alloy skeleton enables good electron transmission through the material. In particular, the outer FeCo-S layer has an average thickness of ∼30 nm, providing many active sites. This layer also inhibits the oxidation of the alloy. The electrode material is close to 20 nm thick, which limits inaccessible volumes and promotes high utilization of FeCo-alloy@FeCo-sulfide (FeCo-A-S). The additive-free FeCo-A-S electrode has a high specific capacitance of 2932.2 F g-1 at 1.0 A g-1 and a superior rate capability. All-solid-state supercapacitors based on these electrodes have a high power density of 8000 W kg-1 and a high energy density of 46.1 W h kg-1.

20.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702632

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical value of urine interleukin-18 (IL-8), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) related urosepsis. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in 157 patients with urosepsis after URL. The patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to the Kidigo guideline and urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 0, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after the surgery. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of these three biomarkers for postoperative AKI. RESULTS: The level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in AKI group was significantly higher than that in non-AKI group at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h (p < 0.01). The ROC analysis showed the combined detection of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 at 12 h had a larger area under curve (AUC) than a single marker (0.997, 95% CI: 0.991-0.998), and the sensitivity and specificity were 98.2% and 96.7%, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of urine NGAL at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h in AKI patients were positively correlated with the levels of urine KIM-1 and IL-18 (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: AKI could be quickly recognized by the elevated level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in patients with URL-related urosepsis. Combined detection of the three urine biomarkers at 12 h after surgery had a better diagnostic performance, which may be an important reference for the early diagnosis of AKI.

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