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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total and differential white blood cell counts are important for the diagnostic evaluation of suspected diseases. To facilitate the interpretation of total and differential white blood cell counts in pediatric patients, the present study investigated age-dependent changes in total and differential white blood cell counts in healthy reference children. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Pediatric Reference Intervals in China study (PRINCE), which aims to establish and verify pediatric reference intervals for Chinese children based on a nationwide multicenter cross-sectional study from January 2017 to December 2018. Quantile curves were calculated using the generalized additive models for location, shape, and scale method. The 2.5th, 50th, and 97.5th quantile curves were calculated for both total and differential white blood counts. Percent of stacked area charts were used to demonstrate the proportions of differential white blood cells. All statistical analyses were performed using R software. RESULTS: Both 50th and 97.5th quantiles of total white blood cell count and monocyte count were highest at birth, then rapidly decreased in the first 6 months of life; relatively slow reduction continued until 2 years of age. The lymphocyte count was low during infancy and increased to its highest level at 6 months of age; it then exhibited moderate and continuous reduction until approximately 9 years of age. The pattern of neutrophil count changed with age in a manner opposite to that of lymphocyte count. Besides, there were two inter-sections of lymphocyte count and neutrophil count during infancy and at approximately 5 years of age, based on locally weighted regression (LOESS) analysis. There were no apparent age-related changes in eosinophil or basophil counts. CONCLUSION: These data regarding age-related changes in total and differential white blood cell counts can be used to assess the health of pediatric patients and guide clinical decisions.

2.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(6): 409, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483121

RESUMO

Allergic airway inflammation is a major public health disease that affects up to 300 million people in the world. However, its management remains largely unsatisfactory. The dysfunction of pulmonary macrophages contributes greatly to the development of allergic airway inflammation. It has been reported that small extracellular vesicles derived from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC-sEV) were able to display extensive therapeutic effects in some immune diseases. This study aimed to investigate the effects of MSC-sEV on allergic airway inflammation, and the role of macrophages involved in it. We successfully isolated MSC-sEV by using anion exchange chromatography, which were morphologically intact and positive for the specific EV markers. MSC-sEV significantly reduced infiltration of inflammatory cells and number of epithelial goblet cells in lung tissues of mice with allergic airway inflammation. Levels of inflammatory cells and cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were also significantly decreased. Importantly, levels of monocytes-derived alveolar macrophages and M2 macrophages were significantly reduced by MSC-sEV. MSC-sEV were excreted through spleen and liver at 24 h post-administration in mice, and were able to be taken in by macrophages both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, proteomics analysis of MSC-sEV revealed that the indicated three types of MSC-sEV contained different quantities of proteins and shared 312 common proteins, which may be involved in the therapeutic effects of MSC-sEV. In total, our study demonstrated that MSC-sEV isolated by anion exchange chromatography were able to ameliorate Th2-dominant allergic airway inflammation through immunoregulation on pulmonary macrophages, suggesting that MSC-sEV were promising alternative therapy for allergic airway inflammation in the future.

3.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-9, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The RECO flow restoration (FR) device is a new stent retriever designed for rapid flow restoration in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) caused by large vessel occlusion (LVO). Here, the authors compared the efficacy and safety of the RECO device with the predicate Solitaire FR stent retriever. METHODS: The RECO Flow Restoration Device Versus Solitaire FR With the Intention for Thrombectomy Study (REDIRECT) was a multicenter, prospective, open randomized controlled trial. Patients with acute LVO at 7 Chinese stroke centers participated in the study. The primary efficacy endpoint was defined as a modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) reperfusion grade ≥ 2 within three passes. The primary safety endpoint comprised any serious adverse device effect, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), and any serious adverse event (SAE; defined as cerebral palsy or death) within 24 hours after the procedure. The secondary efficacy endpoints consisted of functional independence (modified Rankin Scale score 0-2), procedure duration, and 90-day all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Between January 2014 and August 2016, 67 patients were randomly allocated to the RECO group and 69 patients to the Solitaire FR group. The primary efficacy endpoint (mTICI grade ≥ 2 within three passes) was similar in the two treatment groups (91% vs 87%, respectively, p = 0.5861), and the rate of reperfusion with an mTICI grade 2b/3 was 87% versus 75% (p = 0.1272). There were no serious adverse device effects in any patient. The rates of sICH (1.5% vs 7.2%, p = 0.1027) and SAEs (6.0% vs 1.4%, p = 0.2050) within 24 hours after the procedure were similar in the two treatment groups. There was no significant difference in the rate of functional independence (63% vs 46%, p = 0.0609) or 90-day all-cause mortality (13% vs 23%, p = 0.1848) or in procedure duration (85.39 ± 47.01 vs 89.94 ± 53.34 minutes, p = 0.5986) between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The RECO stent retriever is effective and safe as a mechanical thrombectomy device for AIS due to LVO.Clinical trial registration no.: NCT01983644 (clinicaltrials.gov).

4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thousands of medical staff had been infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus with hundreds of deaths reported. Such loss could be prevented if there is a serologic assay for SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies for serological surveillance of its infection at the early stage of disease. METHODS: Using CHO cell expressed full length SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein as capturing antigen, a COVID-19/SARS-CoV-2 S1 serology ELISA kit was developed and validated with negative samples collected prior to the outbreaks or during the outbreak, and positive samples from patients confirmed with COVID-19. RESULTS: The specificity of the ELISA kit was 97.5%, as examined against total 412 normal human samples. The sensitivity was 97.1% by testing against 69 samples from hospitalized and/or recovered COVID-19 patients. The overall accuracy rate reached 97.3%. The assay was able to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibody on day one after the onset of COVID-19 disease. The average antibody levels increased during the hospitalization and after been discharged for two weeks. SARS-CoV-2 antibodies were detected in 28 out of 276 asymptomatic medical staff and one out of five nucleic acid test-negative "Close contacts" of COVID-19 patient. CONCLUSION: With the assays developed here, we can screen medical staff, in-coming patients, passengers and people who are in close contact with the confirmed patients to identify the "innocent viral spreaders", protect the medical staff and stop the further spreading of the virus.

5.
Ecotoxicology ; 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394360

RESUMO

Kandelia obovata is one of the cold tolerant mangrove plants along the China coast. To reveal the cold tolerant mechanism of K. obovata, the present work isolated two CBF/DREB1 genes (designated KoCBF1 and KoCBF3) from cold-stressed K. obovata and characterized their expression profiles in various organs and in response to multiple abiotic stresses. The deduced proteins of KoCBF1 and 3 all contain specific features of CBFs, and show high similarity to AmCBF1 and 3 from Avicennia marina, respectively. Different expression patterns of the two CBF orthologous under various abiotic stresses and exogenous hormone suggested that they may have different regulators and be involved in different regulatory pathway. The high basal and cold induced expression of the two genes indicated that they may all play important roles in growth and cold resistance of plants. The significant induction of KoCBF3 after salt and lead (Pb2+) treatments suggested that this CBF gene may also participate in response to salinity and heavy metal stresses. This study will provide a better understanding of CBF-regulated stress-resistant mechanism, which may be benefit in mangrove biotechnological breeding, high-latitude transplanting, and bioremediation of heavy metal pollutions.

6.
N Engl J Med ; 382(21): 1981-1993, 2020 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In acute ischemic stroke, there is uncertainty regarding the benefit and risk of administering intravenous alteplase before endovascular thrombectomy. METHODS: We conducted a trial at 41 academic tertiary care centers in China to evaluate endovascular thrombectomy with or without intravenous alteplase in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Patients with acute ischemic stroke from large-vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to undergo endovascular thrombectomy alone (thrombectomy-alone group) or endovascular thrombectomy preceded by intravenous alteplase, at a dose of 0.9 mg per kilogram of body weight, administered within 4.5 hours after symptom onset (combination-therapy group). The primary analysis for noninferiority assessed the between-group difference in the distribution of the modified Rankin scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) at 90 days on the basis of a lower boundary of the 95% confidence interval of the adjusted common odds ratio equal to or larger than 0.8. We assessed various secondary outcomes, including death and reperfusion of the ischemic area. RESULTS: Of 1586 patients screened, 656 were enrolled, with 327 patients assigned to the thrombectomy-alone group and 329 assigned to the combination-therapy group. Endovascular thrombectomy alone was noninferior to combined intravenous alteplase and endovascular thrombectomy with regard to the primary outcome (adjusted common odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 0.81 to 1.40; P = 0.04 for noninferiority) but was associated with lower percentages of patients with successful reperfusion before thrombectomy (2.4% vs. 7.0%) and overall successful reperfusion (79.4% vs. 84.5%). Mortality at 90 days was 17.7% in the thrombectomy-alone group and 18.8% in the combination-therapy group. CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke from large-vessel occlusion, endovascular thrombectomy alone was noninferior with regard to functional outcome, within a 20% margin of confidence, to endovascular thrombectomy preceded by intravenous alteplase administered within 4.5 hours after symptom onset. (Funded by the Stroke Prevention Project of the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China and the Wu Jieping Medical Foundation; DIRECT-MT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03469206.).


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , China , Terapia Combinada , Intervalos de Confiança , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão/métodos , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int J Oncol ; 56(5): 1186-1198, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319576

RESUMO

As a transcription factor, SNAIL plays a crucial role in embryonic development and cancer progression by mediating epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT); however, post­translational modifications, such as ubiquitination, which control the degradation of SNAIL have been observed to affect its functional role in EMT. In a previous study by the authors, it was demonstrated that the HECT domain E3 ubiquitin ligase 1 (HECTD1) regulated the dynamic nature of adhesive structures. In the present study, HECTD1 was observed to interact with SNAIL and regulate its stability through ubiquitination, and the knockdown of HECTD1 increased the expression levels of SNAIL. HECTD1 was discovered to contain putative nuclear localization and export signals that facilitated its translocation between the cytoplasm and nucleus, a process regulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF). Treatment with leptomycin B resulted in the nuclear retention of HECTD1, which was associated with the loss of SNAIL expression. The knockdown of HECTD1 in HeLa cells increased cell migration and induced a mesenchymal phenotype, in addition to demonstrating sustained EGF signaling, which was observed through increased phosphorylated ERK expression levels. Under hypoxic conditions, HECTD1 expression levels were decreased by microRNA (miRNA or miR)­210. Upon the observation of genetic abnormalities in the HECTD1 gene in cervical cancer specimens, it was observed that the decreased expression levels of HECTD1 were significantly associated with a poor patient survival. Thus, it was hypothesized that HECTD1 may regulate EMT through the hypoxia/hypoxia inducible factor 1α/miR­210/HECTD1/SNAIL signaling pathway and the EGF/EGF receptor/HECTD1/ERK/SNAIL signaling pathway in cervical cancer. On the whole, the data of the present study indicated that HECTD1 serves as an E3 ubiquitin ligase to mediate the stability of SNAIL proteins.

8.
Ecotoxicology ; 2020 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32337665

RESUMO

The present work isolated a CBF/DREB1 gene from mangrove Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (BgCBF1) and compared its expression levels in various tissues under normal condition and cold stress, and in leaves exposed to various environmental stimuli. Results showed that the BgCBF1 deduced protein showed almost 100% similarities to that of AcCBF1 from Aegiceras corniculatum and AmCBF1 from Avicennia marina. Real-time quantitative PCR analysis showed that BgCBF1 gene displayed constitute expression in leaf, stem and root samples of plantlets under normal condition, but with different expression levels and tissue preference. When exposed to cold, BgCBF1 could be rapidly, slightly and transiently induced in all tissues. Furthermore, the BgCBF1 gene in leaves displayed a transient and small induction after salt and drought (PEG) exposure, while exhibited relatively high up-regulated expression after the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. These results suggest that the BgCBF1 gene may participate in the ABA mediated development and protection of plant against cold and drought. Further studies on its promoters and downstream genes will be needed to better understand its functions.

9.
BMC Pediatr ; 20(1): 138, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of GH in improving FAH in ISS children in a multicenter study. METHODS: A real-world observation was carried out. Children with ISS in seven hospitals in China were enrolled. The height gains standard deviation score and the height gain over the target height were evaluated. RESULTS: There were 344 ISS patients (217 boys and 127 girls). The baseline average age of boys and girls was 12.7 and 11.7 years, with bone age of 11.7 and 10.1 years, respectively. The baseline height SDS of boys and girls was - 3.07 and - 2.74, and the FAH SDS was - 1.91 and - 1.38, respectively. Compared with the baseline height SDS, the FAH SDS was significantly increased in both boys and girls (both P = 0.0000). The FAH SDS was the highest (gain by 1.54 SD) in the ≥2y treatment course group. Two hundred eighteen patients (218/344, 63.4%) had a FAH SDS > - 2 SD. Among these patients, girls in the 1-2y treatment course group and ≥ 2y group had a FAH SDS higher than TH SDS. Even in the control group, a spontaneous catch-up growth of 1.16 SD was observed. A multivariate linear regression model was used to analyze the results, with FAH SDS as the dependent variable. It was found that the treatment course and baseline height SDS in the boys' model were statistically significant (P < 0.05), whereas the baseline height SDS and baseline bone age significantly affected the girls' FAH SDS (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both girls and boys of ISS improved FAH by GH therapy even if treatments begin over 10 years old and majority of them reached TH. Some peri-puberty ISS will have a spontaneous height gain. We recommend the course of GH treatment more than 2 years for girls, and longer courses for boys.

10.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(7): 919-931, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219666

RESUMO

Microbial taxonomy is the foundation of microbiology and rapid advancements in DNA sequencing technologies are providing new approaches to address prevailing questions in this field. The family Colwelliaceae, which currently comprises four genera, is a diverse and globally abundant group of Gamaproteobacteria. Based on 14 publically available genomes of bacteria strains labeled as members of the family Colwelliaceae, phylogenomic analyses were conducted to revisiting the taxonomic status of this family both in the genus and species level. Using genome-based phylogeny as a primary guideline and genome-based similarity indexes including average amino acid identity, percentage of conserved proteins, average nucleotide identity, and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization as supplements, the following taxonomic proposals were proposed: Colwellia polaris, Colwellia beringensis, Colwellia sediminilitoris, Colwellia aestuarii, Colwellia chukchiensis and Colwellia mytili should be reclassified into the novel genus Cognaticolwellia; Colwellia agarivorans should be reclassified into the novel genus Pseudocolwellia. Our results constitute a solid framework for current and future taxonomic decisions within this family, which will be helpful for avoiding confusion with ecological and evolutionary interpretations in subsequent studies.

11.
Neuroscience ; 429: 78-91, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917345

RESUMO

Enkephalin (ENK) has been implicated in pain modulation within the spinal dorsal horn (SDH). Revealing the mechanisms underlying ENK analgesia entails the anatomical and functional knowledge of spinal ENK-ergic circuits. Herein, we combined morphological and electrophysiological studies to unravel local ENK-ergic circuitry within the SDH. First, the distribution pattern of spinal ENK-ergic neurons was observed in adult preproenkephalin (PPE)-GFP knock-in mice. Next, the retrograde tracer tetramethylrhodamine (TMR) or horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was injected into the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) in PPE-GFP mice. Immunofluorescent staining showed I-isolectin B4 (IB4) labeled non-peptidergic afferents were in close apposition to TMR-labeled PBN-projecting neurons within lamina I as well as PPE-immunoreactivity (-ir) neurons within lamina II. Some TMR-labeled neurons were simultaneously in close association with both IB4 and PPE-ir terminals. Synaptic connections of these components were further confirmed by electron microscopy. Finally, TMR was injected into the PBN in adult C57BL/6 mice. Whole-cell patch recordings showed that δ-opioid receptor (DOR) agonist, [D-Pen2,5]-enkephalin (DPDPE, 1 µM), significantly reduced the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic current (mEPSC) and decreased the activity of TMR-labeled neurons. In conclusion, spinal ENKergic neurons receive direct excitatory inputs from primary afferents, which might be directly recruited to release ENK under the condition of noxious stimuli; ENK could inhibit the glutamatergic transmission towards projecting neurons via presynaptic and postsynaptic DORs. These morphological and functional evidence may explain the mechanisms underlying the analgesic effects exerted by ENK within the SDH.

12.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 191(2): 893-903, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912425

RESUMO

Quorum quenching (QQ) enzymes, which degrade signaling molecules so as to disrupt the quorum sensing signaling process, have drawn much attention as alternative antimicrobial agents. However, the screening methods for evolution of such enzymes through constructing genetic circuits remain a challenge for its relatively high false positive rates caused by the higher basal expression level of the naturally acquired promoter. Thus, we presented an improved genetic circuit by introducing an artificial hybrid promoter PluxI-lacO combining PlacO originated from lactose promoter with QS regulatory promoter PluxI to control the expression of reporter gene rfp. Herein, we investigated the effect of various expression strengths of suppressive protein LacI and signaling molecule AHL on the expression of rfp. We found that the effect AHL exerted on the expression of rfp outweighed that from IPTG. The results also demonstrated that our genetic circuit could achieve the lower basal expression level of reporter gene and could respond to the expression of AiiA. The resulting circuits show the potential for screening the evolved AiiA more efficiently by virtue of inherent low basal expression level.

13.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 52(1): 129-138, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular dilation and dysfunction is a common long-term complication in patients with repaired pulmonary stenosis (rPS). Additionally, abnormal right and left ventricular interactions have been reported in right-sided heart defect after intervention, including in pulmonary stenosis. PURPOSE: To analyze ventricular strain, remodeling, and left and right ventricular interactions in rPS patients with preserved right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) compared with healthy children using cardiac magnetic resonance. STUDY TYPE: A cross-sectional study. POPULATION: In all, 34 rPS patients and 10 healthy children volunteers (controls). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0T/2D balanced steady-state free precession (2D b-SSFP) cine, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), and 2D phase contrast (2D-PC). ASSESSMENT: Pulmonary regurgitation (PR) fractions of the main pulmonary artery, biventricular volumes, masses, function, and cardiac strain. STATISTICAL TESTS: Mann-Whitney U-test, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, Spearman's correlation coefficients, and intraclass correlation coefficients analysis were performed. RESULTS: For group analysis, the right ventricular (RV) global circumferential strain and radial strain were significantly increased in patients when compared with controls (-13.57 ± 2.69 vs. -5.91 ± 3.16, P < 0.001; 25.31 ± 8.12 vs. 9.87 ± 5.32, P < 0.001, respectively). The fraction of PR displayed moderate correlation with right ventricular end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVi) (r = 0.452, P = 0.022). RVEDVi and mass index were larger in patients vs. control (104.92 ± 27.46 vs. 85.15 ± 11.98, P = 0.016; 18.28 ± 4.95g/m2 vs. 11.67 ± 2.14 g/m2 , P < 0.001, respectively). Patients presented with preserved left ventricular ejection function, but was lower than healthy controls (60.89% ± 4.89% vs. 65.95% ± 4.56%, P = 0.006). Regional circumferential strain of segment 3 of left ventricle (LV) were significantly decreased in patients (-7.79 ± 6.52 vs. -13.56 ± 3.22, P = 0.003). DATA CONCLUSION: Compensated increased RV strain, myocardial remodeling of RV, and adverse right and left ventricular interactions occur in rPS patients with preserved RVEF. The decreased interventricular septum strain may lead to impaired LV function due to RV dilation as a result of PR. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Technical Efficacy Stage: 3 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2020;52:129-138.

14.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 24(3): 590-597, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) was considered to play an important role in the progress of acute pancreatitis, but its specific relation with infected pancreatic necrosis remains largely unclear. We aimed to investigate the correlation between SIRS duration and infected pancreatic necrosis, and its application in prediction of infected pancreatic necrosis. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study of 2130 patients with acute pancreatitis from 2012 to 2017. The SIRS duration at the first week was registered daily, and demographic, radiology, and all clinical laboratory data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: A significant upward tendency of infected pancreatic necrosis incidence was observed with increased SIRS duration. In multivariate logistic regression, SIRS duration (odds ratio, 1.305; 95% CI, 1.161-1.468) was independently associated with infected pancreatic necrosis. ROC analysis demonstrated that the areas under curves of SIRS duration for predicting persistent multi-organ failure, pancreatic infection, and mortality were 0.97 (95% CI, 0.96-0.98), 0.92 (95% CI, 0.91-0.94), and 0.86 (95% CI, 0.83-0.90), respectively, which were comparable to, or even greater than, the area under curves of APACHE II and CT severity index scores. CONCLUSIONS: Early SIRS duration was strongly associated with infected pancreatic necrosis and could serve as an easy bedside indicator to predict pancreatic infection.

16.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(2): 152778, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: miRNA was recently detected as tumor suppressor or inducer in various cancers including gliomas. Due to the abnormal expression of miR-4262 in glioma cancer, we supposed that miR-4262 made efforts in proliferation and migration in glioma cancer. METHODS: CCK-8, Transwell migration Assay and Wound-healing assay were appraisal assays for cell proliferation and migration. qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to test the expression of miR-4262, MMP2, MMP13 and LATS1 in glioma cancers tissues and cancer cells. The targeting detection between miR-4262 and LATS1 was detected by luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: miR-4262 expression was dramatically higher in glioma tumor tissues than in para-tumor control. Inhibition of miR-4262 in glioma cancer cells prominently inhibited cell proliferation and migration. Mechanically, downregulation of miR-4262 inhibited expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2, -13. In addition, miR-4262 directly and negatively modulated expression of large tumor suppressor 1 (LATS1). Moreover, we discovered that overexpression of LATS1 could reverse the effects of miR-4262 on cell proliferation and migration, as well as the production of MMP-2, -13. CONCLUSIONS: In glioma cancer, miR-4262 regulated cell proliferation and migration mediated by LATS1. This indicated that miR-4262 is a tumor inducer in glioma cancer and may be a feasible target for glioma therapy.

17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 145(3): 855-867.e8, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) were reported to serve a critical role in allergic diseases. Myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) play significant roles in allergic immune response. However, effects of DCs on ILC2s in allergic diseases, especially for patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to address the roles of mDCs and pDCs in regulating ILC2 function in AR. METHODS: mDCs and pDCs were cocultured with human PBMCs isolated from patients with AR or ILC2s to measure soluble or intracellular TH2 cytokines, transcription factors, signaling pathways in ILC2s, and the following mechanisms were further investigated. The levels of peripheral IL-33+mDCs, pDCs, and ILC2s were studied in patients under an inhaled allergen challenge. RESULTS: We confirmed the presence of ILC2s, mDCs, and pDCs in the nasal mucosa of patients with AR. Both allogenic and autologous mDCs were found to activate ILC2s from patients with AR to produce TH2 cytokines, and increase the levels of GATA-3 and signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathways, in which IL-33-producing mDCs exerted the major role by binding on ST2 on ILC2s. We further identified high levels of IL-33+mDCs and ILC2s in patients with AR under antigen challenge. Activated pDCs inhibited the cytokine production of ILC2s isolated from patients with AR by secretion of IL-6. CONCLUSIONS: mDCs promote ILC2 function by the IL-33/ST2 pathway, and activation of pDCs suppresses ILC2 function through IL-6 in patients with AR. Our findings provide new understanding of the interplay between DCs and ILC2s in allergic diseases.

18.
Bioresour Technol ; 295: 122230, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669870

RESUMO

To overcoming the natural recalcitrance of cellulose for glucose production via enzymatic hydrolysis, a new strategy of destroying hydrogen bond donor to reconstruct cellulose's hydrogen bonding network was developed via a mild reversible reaction of cellulose with CO2 catalyzed by organic bases. The reaction dynamics of cellulose with CO2 in the presence of organic bases was studied by using in situ IR. Investigation also included how the organic bases in pretreatment media and pretreatment parameters including CO2 pressure, pretreatment temperature and time affected the physical-chemical structure of cellulose by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and subsequent enzymatic scarification of cellulose. The findings showed that dissolution activation efficiency significantly correlated to various parameters, that can be optimized to be the tetramethyl guanidine (TMG)/CO2/DMSO solvent system at 50 °C, 2 MPa of CO2 for 2 h, by which a complete transformation the cellulose crystalline structure from I to II, and 100% glucose yield were achieved. The recyclability and usability are also investigated.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Celulose , Hidrólise , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
19.
Mol Ther ; 28(2): 631-641, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862314

RESUMO

Pumilio (PUM) proteins are members of a highly conserved RNA-binding protein family that posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression in many organisms. However, their roles in the placenta are unclear. In the present study, we report the requirement for the PUM homolog 1 (PUM1) gene in preeclampsia (PE). Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemical data showed that PUM1 was highly expressed in human placental villi from women with PE compared to healthy controls (HCs). Further, PUM1 overexpression repressed, and knockdown enhanced, the invasion and proliferation of trophoblasts. Interestingly, PUM1 knockdown promoted trophoblast invasion in a villous explant culture model, while PUM1 overexpression repressed these effects. Furthermore, lncRNA transcriptome sequencing coupled with RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) revealed that PUM1 inhibits trophoblast invasion in PE by downregulating the expression of lncRNA HOTAIR. Moreover, PUM1 regulates HOTAIR expression via a posttranscriptional mechanism. Using RNA-protein pull-down and mRNA stability assays, we identified PUM1 as a specific binding partner that decreased the half-life of HOTAIR and lowered the steady-state level of HOTAIR expression, suggesting a novel posttranscriptional regulatory mechanism. Collectively, these findings identified a novel RNA regulatory mechanism, revealing a new pathway governing the regulation of PUM1/HOTAIR in trophoblast invasion in the pathogenesis of PE.

20.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(8): 911-915, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) and endoscopic stricturotomy with needle knife (NKSt) in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)-relevant strictures. 
 Methods: From July 2015 to September 2018, 14 patients undergoing double balloon-enteroscopy at the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were enrolled. There was a total of 16 lesions. Endoscopic intervention was performed for 16 times. EBD was done for 11 times, and 5 stricturotomies were carried out. Regular follow-up and examinations were done to observe whether there was remission or recurrence of clinical symptoms and replacement surgery.
 Results: All 14 patients were successfully treated by endoscopy, and the success rate was 100%. Postoperative clinical symptoms were alleviated, and serious complications, such as perforation or hemorrhaging, did not occur. Obstructive symptoms were effectively alleviated at a median follow-up of 26.1 months (5.9-35.3 months) and 8.3 months (1.6-17.8 months) for patients with balloon dilatation and stricturotomy, respectively. Two patients presented with symptoms of obstruction. These were given conservative symptomatic treatment without surgical intervention.
 Conclusion: Enteroscopic treatments (EBD and NKSt) are safe and effective for intestinal strictures, and can prolong the time before surgical intervention is needed.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Constrição Patológica , Enteroscopia de Duplo Balão , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
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