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1.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 145: 216-226, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707249

RESUMO

γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), a non-proteinaceous amino acid, modulates plant growth and stress tolerance. However, the potential role of GABA in regulating key metabolic pathways and stress-defensive proteins against drought in plants has never been explored. Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) plants were pretreated with or without GABA and then subjected to water stress for 8 days in controlled growth chambers (23/19 °C, day/night). Physiological analysis showed that elevated endogenous GABA level via exogenous GABA application significantly mitigated water stress damage to creeping bentgrass, as manifested by increased leaf relative water content, water use efficiency, osmotic adjustment (OA), photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm), net photosynthetic rate, and reduced oxidative damage. iTRAQ-based proteomics found that enhanced chaperones accumulation, carbohydrates, amino acids, and energy metabolism played important roles in protein protection, OA, energy maintenance, and metabolic balance, which is important adaptive response to drought stress in creeping bentgrass. The GABA further promoted energy production and conversion, antioxidant defense, and DHN3 accumulation that were essential for energy requirement, ROS-scavenging, and the prevention of cell dehydration in leaf during drought stress. In addition, GABA-treated plants maintained significantly higher abundance of dicarboxylate transporter 2.1, ATP-dependent zinc metalloprotease, receptor-like protein kinase HERK1, o-acyltransferase WSD1, omega-6 fatty acid desaturase, and two-component response regulator ORR21 than untreated plants under drought stress. The result provides new evidences that GABA-induced drought tolerance is possibly involved in the improvement of nitrogen recycling, protection of photosystem II, mitigation of drought-depressed cell elongation, wax biosynthesis, fatty acid desaturase, and delaying leaf senescence in creeping bentgrass.

2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 760, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712919

RESUMO

A fluorometric method is described for nucleic acid signal amplification through target-induced catalytic hairpin assembly with DNA-templated copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs). The toehold-mediated self-assembly of three metastable hairpins is triggered in presence of target DNA. This leads to the formation of a three-way junction structure with protruding mononucleotides at the 3' terminus. The target DNA is released from the formed branched structure and triggers another assembly cycle. As a result, plenty of branched DNA becomes available for the synthesis of Cu NPs which have fluorescence excitation/emission maxima at 340/590 nm. At the same time, the branched structure protects the Cu NPs from digestion by exonuclease III. The unreacted hairpins are digested by exonuclease III, and this warrants a lower background signal. The method can detect ssDNA (24 nt) at low concentration (44 pM) and is selective over single-nucleotide polymorphism. On addition of an aptamer, the strategy can also be applied to the quantitation of thrombin at levels as low as 0.9 nM. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of target-induced catalytic hairpin assembly to form branched DNA template for the in situ synthesis of fluorescent Cu nanoparticles.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700688

RESUMO

Introduction: Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis. The clinical spectrum of ECD is diverse, varying from asymptomatic focal lesion to life-threatening multisystem infiltration. Neurological manifestations of ECD are common, mostly due to the involvement of the central nerve system. However, spinal nerve or peripheral nerve involvement has rarely been mentioned. Case presentation: Herein, we present a case of a 32-year-old female patient complaining about radiating pain on the front and lateral side of her left thigh for 2 months. Spinal MRI with contrast enhancement showed a space-occupying lesion on the left L3/L4 intervertebral foramen, indicating an initial diagnosis of lumbar nerve schwannoma. The patient underwent surgery to remove the mass and decompress the lumbar nerve. Postoperative histological examination revealed the diffuse infiltration of foamy histiocytes that were CD68+, CD163+, and CD1a- on immunostaining, which confirmed the diagnosis of Erdheim-Chester disease. The radiating pain was gradually alleviated and PET-CT was performed but showed no further involvement of ECD. Discussion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of ECD demonstrated as an infiltrative mass on the spinal nerve, with imaging manifestations and compression symptoms similar to those of peripheral nerve schwannoma.

4.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 13: 1753466619888124, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis and septic shock are common in noninvasive ventilation (NIV) patients. However, studies on the association between sepsis and NIV failure are lacking. METHODS: A prospective multi-center observational study was performed in 16 Chinese intensive care units (ICUs). Patients who used NIV due to hypoxemic respiratory failure were enrolled. Sepsis and septic shock were diagnosed according to the guideline of sepsis-3. RESULTS: A total of 519 patients were enrolled. Sepsis developed in 365 patients (70%) and septic shock developed in 79 patients (15%). However, 75 patients (14%) had no sepsis. NIV failure was 23%, 38%, and 61% in patients, with no sepsis, sepsis, and septic shock, respectively. Multivariate analysis found that sepsis [odds ratio (OR) = 1.95, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-3.61] and septic shock (OR = 2.47, 95% CI: 1.12-5.45) were independently associated with NIV failure. In sepsis and septic shock population, the NIV failure was 13%, 31%, 37%, 53%, and 67% in patients with sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores of ⩽2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, and ⩾9, respectively. Patients with nonpulmonary induced sepsis had similar NIV failure rate compared with those with pulmonary induced sepsis, but had higher proportion of septic shock (37% versus 10%, p ⩽ 0.01) and lower ICU mortality (10% versus 22%, p ⩽ 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Sepsis was associated with NIV failure in patients with hypoxemic respiratory failure, and the association was stronger in septic shock patients. NIV failure increased with the increase of organ dysfunction caused by sepsis. The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109552, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715370

RESUMO

Rhodiola rosea L., a worldwide botanical adaptogen, has been confirmed to possess protective effects of inflammatory injury for many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, sepsis, and cancer. This paper is to review the recent clinical and experimental researches about the anti-inflammatory effects and the related mechanisms of Rhodiola rosea L. extracts, preparations, and the active compounds. From the collected information reviewed, this paper will provide the theoretical basis for its clinical application, and provide the evidences or guidance for future studies and medicinal exploitations of Rhodiola rosea L.

6.
Immunol Lett ; 217: 56-64, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707054

RESUMO

Doxorubicin is an effective antitumor drug commonly used in the treatment of a wide variety of cancers. However, doxorubicin may cause cardiac toxicity, which can cause congestive heart failure in severe cases, and this seriously limits its clinical application. It is believed that doxorubicin promotes the formation of reactive oxygen species, inducing oxidative stress, and at the same time, reduces the content of antioxidant substances in cardiac tissues, causing adverse effects. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are biomolecules expressed on the surfaces of macrophages, dendritic cells, and epithelial cells that can recognize various types of pathogen-related or damage-related molecular patterns. In recent years, a large number of studies have confirmed that TLRs play important roles in the cardiac toxicity induced by doxorubicin. This review aimed to explore the role of TLRs in the cardiac toxicity induced by doxorubicin and provide possible solutions.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663808

RESUMO

Background: Management of iatrogenic gastrointestinal (GI) defects traditionally required surgical interventions. Recently, the over-the-scope-clip system (OTSC) has been reported to be effective for GI defects. So we aimed to conduct an updated systematic review to evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of the OTSC system for the management of iatrogenic GI defects.Material and methods: Studies published in PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library from January 2006 to December 2018 were searched. The literature was selected independently by two reviewers according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The statistical analysis was carried out using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software version 3.0.Results: A total of 12 studies including 191 patients with iatrogenic GI defects were identified. The major causes for iatrogenic GI defects were endoscopic submucosal dissection (n = 79) and endoscopic mucosal resection (n = 31). Pooled technical success was achieved in 182 patients (89.1%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 81.6%-93.8%, I2 =41.06%), and the pooled clinical success was achieved in 170 patients (85.2%; 95% CI, 71.9%-92.8%, I2=58.92%). Two patients (1%) suffered complications after OTSC system procedures.Conclusions: Our study revealed that endoscopic closure of iatrogenic GI defects by the OTSC system was a safe and effective approach. Further randomized controlled trials are warranted to compare the OTSC system to other treatment modalities.

8.
Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595632

RESUMO

The CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein α (C/EBPα) plays an important role in adipogenic differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells (ASC). Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the regulation of self-renewal, proliferation, and multi-directional differentiation of ASCs. In the present study, we analyzed the targeting miRNAs on C/EBPα and found that miR-326 played an essential role in it. The results of qPCR confirmed that the expression of miR-326 was reduced in adipogenic differentiation. In addition, the dual-luciferase reporter assay system verified binding between miR-326 and the 3' untranslated region of C/EBPα. Furthermore, transfection of miR-326 into human adipose-derived stem cells caused a significant reduction in C/EBPα. Our results highlight the importance of miR-326 in adipogenic differentiation and provide a reliable basis for clinical treatment of adipose-related diseases. Anat Rec, 2019. © 2019 American Association for Anatomy.

9.
Neurochem Res ; 44(12): 2755-2764, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650360

RESUMO

Pathogens such as bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) play an important role in promoting the production of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in response to infection or damage in microglia. However, whether different signalling pathways regulate these two inflammatory factors remains unclear. The protein kinase C (PKC) family is involved in the regulation of inflammation, and our previous research showed that the activation of the PKC pathway played a key role in the LPS-induced transformation of the adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) from anti-inflammatory activity to pro-inflammatory activity under high glutamate concentrations. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated the role of PKC in the LPS-induced production of these inflammatory cytokines in mouse primary microglia. GF109203X, a specific PKC inhibitor, inhibited the LPS-induced expression of IL-1ß messenger ribonucleic acid and intracellular protein in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, 5 µM GF109203X prevented LPS-induced IL-1ß expression but did not significantly affect LPS-induced TNF-α expression. PKC promoted IL-1ß expression by regulating the activity of NF-κB but did not significantly impact the activity of ERK1/2. A2AR activation by CGS21680, an A2AR agonist, facilitated LPS-induced IL-1ß expression through the PKC pathway at high glutamate concentrations but did not significantly affect LPS-induced TNF-α expression. Taken together, these results suggest a new direction for specific intervention with LPS-induced inflammatory factors in response to specific signalling pathways and provide a mechanism for A2AR targeting, especially after brain injury, to influence inflammation by interfering with A2AR.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637455

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in gynecological malignancies. Although autophagy plays a critical role in affecting cell apoptosis and proliferation, the role of hsa-miR-211-5p (miR-211) in modulating autophagy of cervical cancer cells remains unclear. In the current study, the level of miR-211 was downregulated in cervical cancer specimens, compared to the paired para-carcinoma tissues. While Bcl-2 was upregulated, LC3-II/I was decreased in the tumors, indicating inhibited apoptosis and autophagy. The forced expression of miR-211 inhibited proliferation, and promoted apoptosis in SiHa cervical cancer cells, evidenced by increased expression of apoptotic proteins, caspase-3, and PARP. While the miR-211 inhibitor exerted reverse effects on C-33A cervical cancer cells. Further, miR-211 induced autophagy in cervical cancer cells, as manifested by the presence of LC3 puncta, increased LC3-II/I and Beclin1 levels, and decreased p62 level. The miR-211-induced apoptosis was alleviated by an autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA). In addition, Bcl-2 was identified as a target of miR-211. Besides, the apoptosis and autophagy triggered by miR-211 were attenuated by Bcl-2 in SiHa cells. In summary, our work indicates that miR-211 induced autophagy and autophagy-dependent apoptosis by regulating Bcl-2 in cervical cancer cells, which provided further understanding of autophagy in cervical carcinogenesis.

11.
Planta ; 250(6): 2033-2046, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542810

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: ß-sitosterol influences amino acids, carbohydrates, organic acids, and other metabolite metabolism and homeostasis largely contributing to better tolerance to water stress in white clover. ß-sitosterol (BS) could act as an important plant growth regulator when plants are subjected to harsh environmental conditions. Objective of this study was to examine effects of BS on growth and water stress tolerance in white clover based on physiological responses and metabolomics. White clover was pretreated with or without BS and then subjected to water stress for 7 days in controlled growth chambers. Physiological analysis demonstrated that exogenous application of BS (120 µM) could significantly improve stress tolerance associated with better growth performance and photosynthesis, higher leaf relative water content, and less oxidative damage in white clover in response to water stress. Metabolic profiling identified 78 core metabolites involved in amino acids, organic acids, sugars, sugar alcohols, and other metabolites in leaves of white clover. For sugars and sugar alcohol metabolism, the BS treatment enhanced the accumulation of fructose, glucose, maltose, and myo-inositol contributing to better antioxidant capacity, growth maintenance, and osmotic adjustment in white clover under water stress. The application of BS was inclined to convert glutamic acid into proline, 5-oxoproline, and chlorophyll instead of going to pyruvate and alanine; the BS treatment did not significantly affect intermediates of tricarboxylic acid cycle (citrate, aconitate, and malate), but promoted the accumulation of other organic acids including lactic acid, glycolic acid, glyceric acid, shikimic acid, galacturonic acid, and quinic acid in white clover subjected to water stress. In addition, cysteine, an important antioxidant metabolite, was also significantly improved by BS in white clover under water stress. These altered amino acids and organic acids metabolism could play important roles in growth maintenance and modulation of osmotic and redox balance against water stress in white clover. Current findings provide a new insight into BS-induced metabolic homeostasis related to growth and water stress tolerance in plants.

12.
Adv Ther ; 36(11): 3071-3078, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564039

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to compare the value of acute physiologic and chronic health evaluation scoring systems (APACHE II and APACHE III) among patients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: The APACHE II and APACHE III scores were determined in 399 patients with acute cerebral infarction within 24 h of admission in order to investigate their predictive value for prognosis in acute cerebral infarction. The area under the ROC curve was used to measure the ability of two scoring systems in predicting the prognosis of patients, and the area under the curve of the two scoring systems was compared. RESULTS: The APACHE II and APACHE III scoring systems demonstrated good predictive value for prognosis in acute cerebral infarction, and the areas under the receiver operating characteristic were 0.808 and 0.818, respectively. There was no significant difference in the area under the curve between these two scoring systems. CONCLUSION: Both the APACHE II and APACHE III scoring systems had good predictive value for prognosis in acute cerebral infarction, and there was no obvious difference between these two systems. Preference was suggested for APACHE II.

13.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(9): 663-7, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of "Tongyuan" (regulating the Governor Vessel to tranquilize mental activities, conducting qi back to its origin) acupuncture treatment on cough reflex, pulmonary infection and swallowing function in stroke patients undergoing tracheotomy. METHODS: Seventy-four cerebral stroke patients with tracheo-tomy were randomly allocated to scalp acupuncture and "Tongyuan" acupuncture groups (n=37 in each group). All the patients of the two groups received basic treatment, including treatment of primary diseases, routine nursing, respiratory muscle training, physical therapy, acupuncture of Chize (LU5), Quchi (LI11), Hegu (LI4), Weizhong (BL40), Zusanli (ST36). In addition, for patients of the scalp acupuncture group, the middle 2/5 of Dingnieqianxiexian (MS6), the middle 2/5 of Dingniehouxiexian (MS7) and Dingpangerxian (MS9) on the contralateral side of lesions were punctured with filiform needles. For patients of the "Tongyuan" acupuncture group, Baihui (GV20), Zhongwan (GV12), Guanyuan (CV4), Qihai (CV6), Tianshu (ST25), Feishu (BL13), Pishu (BL20) were needled. The treatment in both groups lasted 30 minutes each time, once daily, 6 times a week for 4 weeks. The cough reflex grading score (CRGS, assessed according to cough, independent expectoration, sputum suction), clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS, assessed according to the body temperature, white blood cell count, airway secretion in 24 h, PaO2/FiO2, infiltration status, cultured pathogenic bacteria), and swallowing function were evaluated by a researcher who was blinded to the grouping and treatment procedures. The success rate of extubation was calculated in a week at the end of treatments. RESULTS: After the treatment, the CRGS and CPIS of both groups were apparently decreased in comparison with their own pre-treatment (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of the cough reflex and pulmonary infection. Regarding the swallowing function, of the two 37 cases in the scalp acupuncture and "Tongyuan" acupuncture groups, 9(24.3%) and 19(51.4%) experienced marked improvement, 12(32.5%)and 14(37.8%) were effective, and 16(43.2%) and 4(10.8%)failed in the treatment, with the effective rate being 56.8% and 89.2%, respectively. In regard to the successful extubation, of the two 37 cases in the scalp acupuncture and "Tongyuan" acupuncture groups, 5(13.5%) and 11(29.8%)had a marked improvement, 10(27.0%)and 18(48.6%)were effective, and 22(59.5%)and 8(21.6%)failed, with the effective rate being 40.5% and 78.4%, respectively. The therapeutic effect of "Tongyuan" acupuncture was significantly superior to that of scalp acupuncture in decreasing CRGS and CPIS, and in improving the swallowing function and raising the rate of successful extubation (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: "Tongyuan" acupuncture treatment can improve cough reflex to remove sputum, reduce pulmonary infection, enhance swallowing function, and raise the success rate of extubation in stroke patients, which is better than scalp acupuncture.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Extubação , Humanos , Traqueotomia
14.
New Phytol ; 224(3): 1304-1315, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494940

RESUMO

Interactions between mutualists, competitors, and antagonists have contrasting ecological effects that, sustained over generations, can influence micro- and macroevolution. Dissimilar benefits and costs for these interactions should cause contrasting co-diversification patterns between interacting clades, with prevalent co-speciation by mutualists, association loss by competitors, and host switching by antagonists. We assessed these expectations for a local assemblage of 26 fig species (Moraceae: Ficus), 26 species of mutualistic (pollinating), and 33 species of parasitic (galling) wasps (Chalcidoidea). Using newly acquired gene sequences, we inferred the phylogenies for all three clades. We then compared the three possible pairs of phylogenies to assess phylogenetic congruence and the relative frequencies of co-speciation, association duplication, switching, and loss. The paired phylogenies of pollinators with their mutualists and competitors were significantly congruent, unlike that of figs and their parasites. The distributions of macroevolutionary events largely agreed with expectations for mutualists and antagonists. By contrast, that for competitors involved relatively frequent association switching, as expected, but also unexpectedly frequent co-speciation. The latter result likely reflects the heterogeneous nature of competition among fig wasps. These results illustrate the influence of different interspecific interactions on co-diversification, while also revealing its dependence on specific characteristics of those interactions.

15.
Neurosci Bull ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502213

RESUMO

Scorpion venom heat-resistant peptide (SVHRP) is a component purified from Buthus martensii Karsch scorpion venom. Our previous studies have shown that SVHRP is neuroprotective in models of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. The present study aimed to explore the potential neuroprotective effects of SVHRP on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, using a mouse model of middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) and a cellular model of oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R). Our results showed that SVHRP treatment decreased the neurological deficit scores, edema formation, infarct volume and neuronal loss in the MCAO/R mice, and protected primary neurons against OGD/R insult. SVHRP pretreatment suppressed the alterations in protein levels of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) and phosphorylated p38 MAPK as well as some proinflammatory factors in both the animal and cellular models. These results suggest that SVHRP has neuroprotective effects against cerebral I/R injury, which might be associated with inhibition of the NMDA-MAPK-mediated excitotoxicity.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547604

RESUMO

Activation and enhancement of heat shock factor (HSF) pathways are important adaptive responses to heat stress in plants. The γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) plays an important role in regulating heat tolerance, but it is unclear whether GABA-induced thermotolerance is associated with activation of HSF pathways in plants. In this study, the changes of endogenous GABA level affecting physiological responses and genes involved in HSF pathways were investigated in creeping bentgrass during heat stress. The increase in endogenous GABA content induced by exogenous application of GABA effectively alleviated heat damage, as reflected by higher leaf relative water content, cell membrane stability, photosynthesis, and lower oxidative damage. Contrarily, the inhibition of GABA accumulation by the application of GABA biosynthesis inhibitor further aggravated heat damage. Transcriptional analyses showed that exogenous GABA could significantly upregulate transcript levels of genes encoding heat shock factor HSFs (HSFA-6a, HSFA-2c, and HSFB-2b), heat shock proteins (HSP17.8, HSP26.7, HSP70, and HSP90.1-b1), and ascorbate peroxidase 3 (APX3), whereas the inhibition of GABA biosynthesis depressed these genes expression under heat stress. Our results indicate GABA regulates thermotolerance associated with activation and enhancement of HSF pathways in creeping bentgrass.

17.
Mol Med ; 25(1): 43, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The protective effect of melatonin against bone metabolism imbalance in osteoporosis (OP) induced by drugs such as retinoic acid (RA) is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the role of melatonin in bone destruction based on a mouse model. METHODS: RA-induced OP model mice were established. To assess the effect of melatonin on these mice, micro-CT was used to characterize the trabecular structure of normal mice and those treated with RA (model), RA + low-dose melatonin (Mlt-L), RA + high-dose melatonin (Mlt-H), and RA + alendronate sodium (positive control). The shape of the trabecular bone, the length and diameter of the femoral head and the height and diameter of vertebra(L1) of each group were also measured and the number of osteoclasts was determined by Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) staining. Meanwhile, the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry assays. The differences between groups in terms of liver and kidney oxidation-related indexes and serum and urinary indicators related to bone metabolism were also analyzed. Furthermore, qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to evaluate the effect of melatonin on osteogenic and osteoclastic differentiation in MC3T3-E1 and RAW264.7 cells, respectively. RESULTS: RA induction led to a decrease in the amount and density of trabecular bone, a decrease in the length and diameter of the femur and height, diameter of the vertebra (L1), a decrease in bone mass and density and the expression of ALP, and an increase in the number of osteoclasts. Melatonin treatment alleviated these effects induced by RA, increasing the amount of trabecular bone in OP mice, improving the microstructure of the femur and vertebra(L1) and increasing bone mass bone density and the expression of ALP, as well as decreasing the number of osteoclasts. Additionally, blood and urinary bone metabolism-related indicators showed that melatonin promoted bone formation and inhibited bone resorption. Determination of oxidant and antioxidant biomarkers in the livers and kidneys of the mice revealed that melatonin promoted the antioxidant level and suppressed the level of oxidant molecules in these organs. In vitro, RA promoted osteoclasts and inhibit osteogenesis by increasing oxidative stress levels in the RAW264.7 and MC3T3-E1 cells, but melatonin reversed this effect. Melatonin may, therefore, play a role in the ERK/SMAD and NF-κB pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin can alleviate bone loss in RA-induced OP model mice, repair the trabecular microstructure, and promote bone formation. These effects may be related to reducing oxidation levels in vivo and vitro through the ERK/SMAD and NF-κB pathways.

18.
Theriogenology ; 139: 81-89, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377650

RESUMO

The collagen type I alpha 1 chain (COL1A1), as a major component of extracellular matrix, plays a potential role in the growth and development of bovine follicles. However, its specific role in bovine cumulus cells remains unclear. In this study, we examined apoptosis, the cell cycle and reactive oxygen species after inhibition of COL1A1 expression by siRNA in bovine cumulus cells. Cell proliferation was measured by CCK-8, and mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by fluorescence intensities of JC-1 staining. Moreover, cell autophagy was detected by immunofluorescence, and cell migration was detected by a cell scratch assay. Lactic acid and cholesterol concentration were measured to evaluate the glucose utilization and cholesterol synthesis activity in cumulus cell by optical density detection method. RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis were used to measure changes in key gene expression. The results showed that cumulus cells were found to have an abnormal cell cycle, and the numbers of cells in S phase were significantly reduced, accompanied by decreases in cholesterol synthesis, and cell proliferation ability and an increase in apoptosis rate with siRNA-COL1A1 treatment. These findings were likely due to inhibition of COL1A1 resulting in high levels of ROS in the cells, a decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, an increase in intracellular autophagy, activation of the apoptotic pathway, and a decrease in lactic acid conversion ability. COL1A1 plays an important role in regulating the physiological and biological functions of bovine cumulus cells.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 48(34): 12880-12887, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389453

RESUMO

A family of planar hexanuclear CoLn clusters with the hydroxyl and nitrogen rich ligand 2-[bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol (H3L), formulated as [Co4Ln2(µ3-O)2(µ-N3)2(OH)2(H2O)2(HL)4]·(CH3CO2)2·20H2O [Ln = Dy (1), Gd (2), Tb (3), Eu (4) and Ho (5)], have been synthesized and structurally characterized. They are isomorphous and feature a lucanidae-like arrangement. They are the first examples of 3d-4f clusters with the H3L ligand. In addition, the magnetic properties of 1-5 have been investigated and the single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviour is observed for 1.

20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(9): 5895-5906, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287224

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is known as different degree glucose intolerance that is initially identified during pregnancy. MicroRNAs (miRs) may be a potential candidate for treatment of GDM. Herein, we suggested that miR-351 could be an inhibitor in the progression of GDM via the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) pathway. Microarray analysis was used to identify differentially expressed genes and predict miRs regulating flotillin 2 (FLOT2). Target relationship between miR-351 and FLOT2 was verified. Gestational diabetes mellitus mice were treated with a series of mimic, inhibitor and small interfering RNA to explore the effect of miR-351 on insulin resistance (IR), cell apoptosis in pancreatic tissues and liver gluconeogenesis through evaluating GDM-related biochemical indexes, as well as expression of miR-351, FLOT2, PI3K/AKT pathway-, IR- and liver gluconeogenesis-related genes. MiR-351 and FLOT2 were reported to be involved in GDM. FLOT2 was the target gene of miR-351. Gestational diabetes mellitus mice exhibited IR and liver gluconeogenesis, up-regulated FLOT2, activated PI3K/AKT pathway and down-regulated miR-351 in liver tissues. Additionally, miR-351 overexpression and FLOT2 silencing decreased the levels of FLOT2, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, glyeosylated haemoglobin and homeostasis model of assessment for IR index (HOMA-IR), extent of PI3K and AKT phosphorylation, yet increased the levels of HOMA for islet ß-cell function, HOMA for insulin sensitivity index and glucose transporter 2 expression, indicating reduced cell apoptosis in pancreatic tissues and alleviated IR and liver gluconeogenesis. Our results reveal that up-regulation of miR-351 protects against IR and liver gluconeogenesis by repressing the PI3K/AKT pathway through regulating FLOT2 in GDM mice, which identifies miR-351 as a potential therapeutic target for the clinical management of GDM.

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