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1.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 69(2B): 365-70, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21625767

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Epineural stitches are a means to avoid tension in a nerve suture. We evaluate this technique, relative to interposed grafts and simple neurorraphy, in a rat model. METHOD: Twenty rats were allocated to four groups. For Group 1, sectioning of the sciatic nerve was performed, a segment 4 mm long discarded, and epineural suture with distal anchoring stitches were placed resulting in slight tension neurorraphy. For Group 2, a simple neurorraphy was performed. For Group 3, a 4 mm long graft was employed and Group 4 served as control. Ninety days after, reoperation, latency of motor action potentials recording and axonal counts were performed. Inter-group comparison was done by means of ANOVA and the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: The mean motor latency for the simple suture (2.27±0.77 ms) was lower than for the other two surgical groups, but lower than among controls (1.69±0.56 ms). Similar values were founding in both group 1 (2.66±0.71 ms) and group 3 (2.64±0.6 ms). When fibers diameters were compared a significant difference was identified between groups 2 and 3 (p=0.048). CONCLUSION: Good results can be obtained when suturing a nerve employ with epineural anchoring stitches. However, more studies are needed before extrapolating results to human nerve sutures.


Assuntos
Axônios , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Nervos Periféricos/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Animais , Axônios/patologia , Axônios/fisiologia , Eletrofisiologia , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Resistência à Tração
2.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 23(2): 71-76, abr.-jun. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-124390

RESUMO

Objetivo. Documentar la utilidad de una técnica de sutura epineural bajo tensión, en comparación con la sutura mediante injerto interpuesto y la neurorrafia termino-terminal, en un estudio realizado en un modelo experimental animal (rata Wistar). Material y Método. Un lote de 20 animales, considerados como 40 unidades fisiológicas independientes a nivel del miembro inferior, fueron separados en 4 grupos de 10: en el primero se realizó una sutura bajo tensión con puntos epineurales a nivel del nervio ciático luego de resecar 4 mm de nervio. En el segundo se realizó una sutura término-terminal sin tensión, en el tercero se colocó un puente de injerto autólogo de 4 mm de extensión y el cuarto fue utilizado como control. A los 90 días de efectuados los procedimientos, se reexpusieron las zonas operadas y se documentaron las respuestas fisiológicas a los diferentes tipos de sutura mediante potenciales de acción de músculo (PAM) y nervio (PAN). Resultados. El promedio de la velocidad de conducción para la sutura simple fue el mejor de los tres grupos operados (14,60 mm/ ms), aunque peor que el control (19,31 mm/ms). La sutura a tensión mediante puntos epineurales (12,02 mm/ms) demostró resultados neurofisiológicos superiores que cuando se utilizó injerto autólogo (11,09 mm/ms). Conclusión. El presente estudio demuestra que si se logra coaptar un nervio ciático de rata mediante sutura epineural con puntos distales a la línea de neurorrafia, sus resultados son mejores que al emplear injerto. Sin embargo, estos resultados, obtenidos en un modelo de animal pequeño, deben ser cuidadosamente extrapolados a la práctica quirúrgica habitual.(AU)


Objective. To measure the utility of this technique, in comparison with interposed grafts and termino-terminal neuroraphy, all applied in an experimental model (Wistar rat).Materials and method. 20 rats were used in both sides (40 legs, each one considered as independent physiological units, were grouped in four groups: in the first one, a section of thesciatic nerve was performed, a segment 4mm long was discarded and an epineural suture with distal anchoring stitches was done under slight tension. In the second group a tensionlesstermino-terminal neuroraphy was performed after sciatic nerve section. In the third group a 4 mm long graft was employed and the fourth was used as control. 90 days after this procedure, the animals were reoperated and muscle and nerve action potentialswere recorded in both sides. Results. The mean conduction velocity for the simple suture was higher than the other two groups, but lower than the control(19,31 mm/ms). Neuroraphy with epineural stitches (12,02 mm/ms) was better than when an autologous nerve graft was employed (11,09 mm/ms).Conclusion. This study demonstrates that a good result can be obtained if a nerve is sutured under slight tension, employing epineural anchoring stitches. Nevertheless, more studies shouldbe performed before applying these results to human nerve suture.(AU)


Assuntos
Técnicas de Sutura , Ratos Wistar
3.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 23(2): 71-76, abr.-jun. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-560006

RESUMO

Objetivo. Documentar la utilidad de una técnica de sutura epineural bajo tensión, en comparación con la sutura mediante injerto interpuesto y la neurorrafia termino-terminal, en un estudio realizado en un modelo experimental animal (rata Wistar). Material y Método. Un lote de 20 animales, considerados como 40 unidades fisiológicas independientes a nivel del miembro inferior, fueron separados en 4 grupos de 10: en el primero se realizó una sutura bajo tensión con puntos epineurales a nivel del nervio ciático luego de resecar 4 mm de nervio. En el segundo se realizó una sutura término-terminal sin tensión, en el tercero se colocó un puente de injerto autólogo de 4 mm de extensión y el cuarto fue utilizado como control. A los 90 días de efectuados los procedimientos, se reexpusieron las zonas operadas y se documentaron las respuestas fisiológicas a los diferentes tipos de sutura mediante potenciales de acción de músculo (PAM) y nervio (PAN). Resultados. El promedio de la velocidad de conducción para la sutura simple fue el mejor de los tres grupos operados (14,60 mm/ ms), aunque peor que el control (19,31 mm/ms). La sutura a tensión mediante puntos epineurales (12,02 mm/ms) demostró resultados neurofisiológicos superiores que cuando se utilizó injerto autólogo (11,09 mm/ms). Conclusión. El presente estudio demuestra que si se logra coaptar un nervio ciático de rata mediante sutura epineural con puntos distales a la línea de neurorrafia, sus resultados son mejores que al emplear injerto. Sin embargo, estos resultados, obtenidos en un modelo de animal pequeño, deben ser cuidadosamente extrapolados a la práctica quirúrgica habitual.


Objective. To measure the utility of this technique, in comparison with interposed grafts and termino-terminal neuroraphy, all applied in an experimental model (Wistar rat).Materials and method. 20 rats were used in both sides (40 legs, each one considered as independent physiological units, were grouped in four groups: in the first one, a section of thesciatic nerve was performed, a segment 4mm long was discarded and an epineural suture with distal anchoring stitches was done under slight tension. In the second group a tensionlesstermino-terminal neuroraphy was performed after sciatic nerve section. In the third group a 4 mm long graft was employed and the fourth was used as control. 90 days after this procedure, the animals were reoperated and muscle and nerve action potentialswere recorded in both sides. Results. The mean conduction velocity for the simple suture was higher than the other two groups, but lower than the control(19,31 mm/ms). Neuroraphy with epineural stitches (12,02 mm/ms) was better than when an autologous nerve graft was employed (11,09 mm/ms).Conclusion. This study demonstrates that a good result can be obtained if a nerve is sutured under slight tension, employing epineural anchoring stitches. Nevertheless, more studies shouldbe performed before applying these results to human nerve suture.


Assuntos
Ratos Wistar , Técnicas de Sutura
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