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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(12): 9279-9288, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231818

RESUMO

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease characterized by high levels of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDLc), associated to premature cardiovascular disease. The detection of the variants related to FH is important to improve the early diagnosis in probands / index-cases (ICs) and their relatives. We included ICs with FH and their relatives, living in a small region of Minas Gerais state-Brazil, which were classified according to Dutch Lipid Clinic Network Criteria (DLCNC) and submitted to sequencing of genes related to FH (LDLR, APOB, PCSK9, LDLRAP1, LIPA, STAP1, APOE, ABCG5 e ABCG8). In a total of 143 subjects (32 ICs and 111 relatives), eight variants were identified in 91 individuals. From these variants, five were in LDLR [p.(Asp224Asn), p.(Ser854Gly), p.(Cys34Arg), p.(Asp601His), deletion of exon15 in LDLR)], one in APOB [p.(Met499Val)], one in PCSK9 [p.(Arg237Trp)] and one in APOE [p.(Pro28Leu)] genes. The variants were detected in 100% of those subjects classified as definitive, 87% as probable and 69% as possible FH cases based on DLCNC. The LDLc level was higher in individuals with corneal arch and xanthomas or xanthelasmas, as well as in pathogenic or probably pathogenic variants carriers. This study showed higher frequency of LDLR gene variants compared to other genes related to LDL metabolism in individuals with FH in Minas Gerais - Brazil and the presence of FH in relatives without previous diagnosis. Our data reinforce the importance of molecular and clinical evaluation of FH relatives in order to early diagnosis the FH, as well as cardiovascular diseases prevention.

2.
Glob Heart ; 15(1): 71, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150136

RESUMO

Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive method for assessing autonomic function. Age, sex, and chronic conditions influence HRV. Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate HRV measures exploring differences by age, sex, and race in a sample from a rural area. Methods: Analytical sample (n = 1,287) included participants from the 2010 to 2016 evaluation period of the Baependi Heart Study, a family-based cohort in Brazil. Participants underwent 24-hour Holter-ECG (Holter) monitoring. To derive population reference values, we restricted our analysis to a 'healthy' subset (i.e. absence of medical comorbidities). A confirmatory analysis was conducted with a subgroup sample that also had HRV derived from a resting ECG 10'-protocol obtained during the same time period. Results: The 'healthy' subset included 543 participants. Mean age was 40 ± 14y, 41% were male, 74% self-referred as white and mean body-mass-index was 24 ± 3kg/m2. Time domain HRV measures showed significant differences by age-decade and by sex. Higher values were observed for males across almost all age-groups. Parasympathetic associated variables (rMSSD and pNN50) showed a U-shaped distribution and reversal increase above 60y. Sympathetic-parasympathetic balance variables (SDNN, SDANN) decreased linearly by age. Race differences were no significant. We compared time domain variables with complete data (Holter and resting ECG) between 'healthy' versus 'unhealthy' groups. Higher HRV values were shown for the 'healthy' subset compared with the 'unhealthy' group. Conclusion: HRV measures vary across age and sex. A U-shaped pattern and a reversal increase in parasympathetic variables may reflect an age-related autonomic dysfunction even in healthy individuals that could be used as a predictor of disease development.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32974757

RESUMO

Poor adherence to warfarin treatment is a contributor to poor quality of treatment, which increases the risk of bleeding and thromboembolic events. This study aims to evaluate the impact of adherence to warfarin therapy on anticoagulation quality during 12 weeks of pharmaceutical care and after 1 year of follow-up for patients with atrial fibrillation and with poor TTR. The Arrhythmia Unit of tertiary hospital in Brazil. We included 262 patients with AF and poor quality of anticoagulation therapy with warfarin (TTR < 50%). Pharmacist-driven therapy management was performed for 12 weeks and patients were also evaluated 1 year after the end of the follow-up with a pharmacist. Adherence was classified into high adherence, medium adherence and low adherence. Impact of adherence to warfarin therapy after pharmaceutical care. Of the 262 patients, 160 were high adherence, 71 were medium adherence and 31 were low adherence. No statistically significant difference is found between adherence groups in demographic and clinical variables. The TTR basal means were not different among adherence groups (p = 0.386). However, the means of TTR 12 weeks and TTR 1 year after the end of protocol were statistically different among adherence groups (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). When we compared TTR values at different times within the adherence group, we observed that there is a statistical difference between the three TTR means (basal versus 12 weeks versus 1 year after) within the adherence group (p < 0.001). Patients with poor anticoagulation control, who adhered to the treatment with warfarin during the pharmaceutical care had better anticoagulation quality compared to those who did not adhere to the therapy with warfarin.

5.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1386, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733459

RESUMO

Background: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America. Thirty percent of infected individuals develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy that is the most important clinical consequence of T. cruzi infection, while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). IFN-γ and IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are increased in peripheral blood and CCC myocardium as compared to ASY patients, while the Th1-antagonizing cytokine IL-10 is more expressed in ASY patients. Importantly IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are the most frequent cytokine-producing T cell subset in CCC myocardium, while expression of Th1-antagonizing cytokines IL-10 and IL-4 is unaltered. The control of IFN-γ production by Th1-type T cells may be a key event for progression toward CCC. A genetic component to disease progression was suggested by the familial aggregation of cases and the association of gene polymorphisms with CCC development. We here investigate the role of gene polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes involved in the control of IFN-γ production and Th1 T cell differentiation in CCC development. Methods: We studied a Brazilian population including 315 CCC cases and 118 ASY subjects. We assessed 35 Tag SNPs designed to represent all the genetic information contained in the IL12B, IL10, IFNG, and IL4 genes. Results: We found 2 IL12 SNPs (rs2546893, rs919766) and a trend of association for a IL10 SNP (rs3024496) to be significantly associated with the ASY group. these associations were confirmed by multivariate analysis and allele tests. The rs919766C, 12rs2546893G, and rs3024496C alleles were associated to an increase risk to CCC development. Conclusions: Our data show that novel polymorphisms affecting IL12B and IL10, but not IFNG or IL4 genes play a role in genetic susceptibility to CCC development. This might indicate that the increased Th1 differentiation and IFN-γ production associated with CCC is genetically controlled.

6.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236869, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745127

RESUMO

Many factors influence the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, we investigated the associations between socio-demographic characteristics and familial history with the 5-year incidence of T2DM in a family-based study conducted in Brazil. T2DM was defined as baseline fasting blood glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL or the use of any hypoglycaemic drug. We excluded individuals with T2DM at baseline or if they did not attend two examination cycles. After exclusions, we evaluated a sample of 1,125 participants, part of the Baependi Heart Study (BHS). Mixed-effects logistic regression models were used to assess T2DM incident given different characteristics. At the 5-year follow-up, the incidence of T2DM was 6.7% (7.2% men and 6.3% women). After adjusting for age, sex, and education status, the model that combined marital and occupation status, skin color, and familial history of T2DM provided the best prediction for T2DM incidence. Only marital status was independently associated with T2DM incidence. Individuals that remained married, despite having significantly increased their weight, were significantly less likely to develop diabetes than their divorced counterparts.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Estado Civil , Adulto , Glicemia/análise , Brasil , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Educação , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade , Fatores de Risco , População Rural
7.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 1056, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32765269

RESUMO

Background: Warfarin is the most common oral anticoagulant drug, especially in low-income and emerging countries, because of the high cost of direct oral anticoagulant (DOACs), or when warfarin is the only proven therapy (mechanical prosthetic valve and kidney dysfunction). The quality of warfarin therapy is directly associated with dose management. Evidence shows that pharmaceutical care achieves a better quality of therapy with warfarin. However, there are no studies showing this intervention in a specific patient group with poor quality of anticoagulation in a long period after the end of the follow-up by a pharmacist. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether the quality of warfarin therapy driven by a pharmacist remains stable in the long term after the end of follow up with a pharmacist, in AF patients with poor quality of anticoagulation. Methods: This is a prospective study, which evaluated about 2,620 patients and selected 262 patients with AF and poor quality of anticoagulation therapy with warfarin (TTR<50% - based on the last three values of international normalized ratio). Pharmacist-driven therapy management was performed up to 12 weeks. Data from patients were evaluated 1 year after the end of the follow-up with pharmacist. Results: Comparison between mean TTR after 12 weeks of pharmaceutical care (54.1%) and mean TTR one year after the end of the pharmaceutical care (56.5%; p=0.081) did not achieve statistical difference, demonstrating that the increment of quality due to intervention of 12 weeks was maintained for 1 year after intervention. Conclusion: The long-term impact of pharmaceutical care was beneficial for patients with AF and poor quality of warfarin anticoagulation. This design might be an important strategy to treat a subgroup of patients without proven effectiveness of warfarin.

8.
Front. immunol ; 11: 1-12, July., 2020. tab.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1122895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America. Thirty percent of infected individuals develop chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy that is the most important clinical consequence of T. cruzi infection, while the others remain asymptomatic (ASY). IFN-γ and IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are increased in peripheral blood and CCC myocardium as compared to ASY patients, while the Th1-antagonizing cytokine IL-10 is more expressed in ASY patients. Importantly IFN-γ-producing Th1-type T cells are the most frequent cytokine-producing T cell subset in CCC myocardium, while expression of Th1-antagonizing cytokines IL-10 and IL-4 is unaltered. The control of IFN-γ production by Th1-type T cells may be a key event for progression toward CCC. A genetic component to disease progression was suggested by the familial aggregation of cases and the association of gene polymorphisms with CCC development. We here investigate the role of gene polymorphisms (SNPs) in several genes involved in the control of IFN-γ production and Th1 T cell differentiation in CCC development. METHODS: We studied a Brazilian population including 315 CCC cases and 118 ASY subjects. We assessed 35 Tag SNPs designed to represent all the genetic information contained in the IL12B, IL10, IFNG, and IL4 genes. RESULTS: We found 2 IL12 SNPs (rs2546893, rs919766) and a trend of association for a IL10 SNP (rs3024496) to be significantly associated with the ASY group. these associations were confirmed by multivariate analysis and allele tests. The rs919766C 12rs2546893G, and rs3024496C alleles were associated to an increase risk to CCC development. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that novel polymorphisms affecting IL12B and IL10, but not IFNG or IL4 genes play a role in genetic susceptibility to CCC development. This might indicate that the increased Th1 differentiation and IFN-γ production associated with CCC is genetically controlled.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas , Interleucina-12 , Cardiomiopatias
9.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(7)2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640505

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Smoking is considered the leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Studies have sought to identify predictors of response to smoking cessation treatments. The aim of this study was to analyze a possible association of target gene expression for smoking cessation with varenicline. METHODS: We included 74 smokers starting treatment with varenicline. Gene expression analysis was performed through the custom RT² Profiler qPCR array assay, including 17 genes. Times for sample collection were before the start of therapy (T0) and two weeks (T2) and four weeks (T4) after the start of treatment. RESULTS: For gene expression analysis, we selected 14 patients who had success and 13 patients resistant to varenicline treatment. Success was considered to be when a patient achieved tobacco abstinence until the fourth week of treatment and resistant was when a patient had not stopped smoking as of the fourth week of treatment. We observed a significant difference for CHRNA7 gene expression: in the resistant group, samples from T2 and T4 had lower expression compared with T0 (fold change: 0.38, P = 0.007; fold change: 0.67, P = 0.004; respectively). CONCLUSION: This exploratory clinical study, searching for a possible predictor of effectiveness for varenicline, reaffirmed the association of the α7 nAChR subunit for nicotine dependence and smoking therapy effectiveness with varenicline.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1476, 2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001805

RESUMO

Resistant hypertension (RH) is defined as uncontrolled blood pressure despite treatment with three or more antihypertensive medications, including, if tolerated, a diuretic in adequate doses. It has been widely known that race is associated with blood pressure control. However, intense debate persists as to whether this is solely explained by unadjusted socioeconomical variables or genetic variation. In this scenario, the main aim was to evaluate the association between genetic ancestry and resistant hypertension in a large sample from a multicenter trial of stage II hypertension, the ReHOT study. Samples from 1,358 patients were analyzed, of which 167 were defined as resistant hypertensive. Genetic ancestry was defined using a panel of 192 polymorphic markers. The genetic ancestry was similar in resistant (52.0% European, 36.7% African and 11.3% Amerindian) and nonresistant hypertensive patients (54.0% European, 34.4% African and 11.6% Amerindian) (p > 0.05). However, we observed a statistically suggestive association of African ancestry with resistant hypertension in brown patient group. In conclusion, increased African genetic ancestry was not associated with RH in Brazilian patients from a prospective randomized hypertension clinical trial.


Assuntos
Vasoespasmo Coronário/genética , Hipertensão/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Brasil/epidemiologia , Vasoespasmo Coronário/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Índios Sul-Americanos/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Transfus Apher Sci ; 59(2): 102720, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31980333

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patients with RH variants presenting antibodies directed to RH high frequency antigens or multiple RH antibodies might, in some occasions, be better served with RH genotype-matched units, requiring screening for RH variants among blood donors. To date, strategies to identify donors with RH variants were restricted to selecting individuals of African descent based on self-reported race, what can be inaccurate in racially mixed population. Our goal was to: 1) Screen for donors with RH variants in a mixed population using self-declared race and Rh phenotype as selection criteria; and 2) Verify if including the Duffy null genotype in the screening algorithm increases its effectiveness. METHODS: Brazilian donors were included if self-declared as black and phenotyped as R0r or R1r. All individuals were genotyped for RHCE exons 1, 5, 6 and 7 and for the FY*B c.-67 T > C polymorphism in order to determine the Duffy null genotype. RHD variants were searched for in cases of altered RHCE. RESULTS: Among 2500 blood donors, 217 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were enrolled. Fifty-three (24.4 %) had a predicted clinically relevant Rh phenotype (partial antigens or lack of high frequency antigens). Twelve donors (5.5 %) had a predicted RhCE phenotype lacking either hrB or hrS. Most cases with predicted lack of high frequency antigens (66.7 %) occurred in donors with the Duffy null genotype. CONCLUSION: Selecting donors based on self-declared race, Rh phenotype and Duffy null genotype is feasible and effective in identifying RH variants lacking Rh high frequency antigens among racially mixed donors.

12.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 63(4): 402-410, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The increased prevalence of obesity and associated comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, has gained attention worldwide, and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been pointed out as a possible link. Thus, the present study aimed to verify the possible association between angiotensinogen (AGT) or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms with overweight and obesity in adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The present investigation was a population-based cross-sectional study including 1,567 individuals from an urban area in Brazil. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters were evaluated, and all individuals were genotyped for the ACE I/D and AGT M/T polymorphisms. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight was higher among men, whereas obesity was more prevalent among women. However, the frequency of ACE or AGT polymorphisms was similar among body mass index (BMI) categories. In addition, the mean age-adjusted BMI averages did not change significantly for ACE or AGT polymorphisms, regardless of sex or BMI category. The age-adjusted BMI average for the combination of ACE and AGT genotypes evidenced no significant differences regardless of sex or BMI categories. Results were similar when BMI was replaced by waist circumference (WC). CONCLUSIONS: We were not able to find any associations between BMI and WC (overweight/obesity) and ACE and AGT polymorphisms, indicating that the RAS system might not be involved in overweight and obesity, at least based on genetic backgrounds. However, further studies must measure RAS components to elucidate this question.


Assuntos
Obesidade/genética , Sobrepeso/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Angiotensinogênio/genética , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Distribuição por Sexo , Circunferência da Cintura
13.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 75(11): 1541-1545, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of variants in genes involved in nicotine metabolism may have implications for the pharmacological therapy of smoking. In the scenario of precision medicine, the aim of this study was to evaluate a possible association of cytochrome P450 2A6 and 2B6 polymorphisms with varenicline pharmacotherapy. METHODS: The present study included 167 patients treated with varenicline in monotherapy who were from a cohort study of 1049 patients (treated with smoking cessation drugs: nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, varenicline, or combinations of same). Smoking cessation success was considered for patients who completed 6 months of continuous abstinence. The CYP2A6 rs1801272 and rs28399433 and CYP2B6 rs8109525 polymorphisms were genotyped by real-time PCR using the TaqMan® platform. RESULTS: Patients with AG or GG genotypes for CYP2B6 rs8109525 had a higher success rate of smoking cessation with varenicline (51.2%) compared with carriers of the AA genotypes (33.3%, P = 0.03, n = 167). The AG or GG genotypes were also associated with a higher odds ratio of success, even in a multivariate analysis adjusting for potential confounders (OR = 2.01; 95%CI = 1.01 to 4.00; P = 0.047). CONCLUSION: CYP2B6 rs8109525 was associated with a higher success rate of smoking cessation with varenicline treatment. This finding may be useful in pharmacogenomic strategies for smoking cessation therapy.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2B6/genética , Agentes de Cessação do Hábito de Fumar/uso terapêutico , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/tratamento farmacológico , Vareniclina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Citocromo P-450 CYP2A6/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Fumar/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 402-410, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019361

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective The increased prevalence of obesity and associated comorbidities, such as cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, has gained attention worldwide, and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been pointed out as a possible link. Thus, the present study aimed to verify the possible association between angiotensinogen (AGT) or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) polymorphisms with overweight and obesity in adults. Subjects and methods The present investigation was a population-based cross-sectional study including 1,567 individuals from an urban area in Brazil. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters were evaluated, and all individuals were genotyped for the ACE I/D and AGT M/T polymorphisms. Results The prevalence of overweight was higher among men, whereas obesity was more prevalent among women. However, the frequency of ACE or AGT polymorphisms was similar among body mass index (BMI) categories. In addition, the mean age-adjusted BMI averages did not change significantly for ACE or AGT polymorphisms, regardless of sex or BMI category. The age-adjusted BMI average for the combination of ACE and AGT genotypes evidenced no significant differences regardless of sex or BMI categories. Results were similar when BMI was replaced by waist circumference (WC). Conclusions We were not able to find any associations between BMI and WC (overweight/obesity) and ACE and AGT polymorphisms, indicating that the RAS system might not be involved in overweight and obesity, at least based on genetic backgrounds. However, further studies must measure RAS components to elucidate this question.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética , Sobrepeso/genética , Obesidade/genética , Pressão Sanguínea , Brasil , Índice de Massa Corporal , Angiotensinogênio/genética , Estudos Transversais , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Circunferência da Cintura , Frequência do Gene/genética
15.
Vox Sang ; 114(6): 616-621, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antibodies of unknown specificity (AUS) are frequently identified in the pre-transfusion testing. These antibodies can be insignificant or potentially cause post-transfusion haemolysis. Information about the prevalence of clinically relevant AUS is still lacking. Our aim was to predict the potential clinical relevance of AUS using the monocyte monolayer assay (MMA) and to identify the clinical and laboratorial determinants of AUS' significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Antibodies of unknown specificity identified at a single institution from 2015-2017 were evaluated through MMA. A monocyte index (MI) of more than 5% was predictive of potential post-transfusion haemolysis. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients with AUS were included in the study. Of the studied AUS, 37·5% (12/32) presented with a monocyte index (MI) more than 5%. In the group of significant AUS, 41·7% of the patients presented with sickle cell disease (SCD) and the AUS were associated with Rh antibodies in 75% of the cases. In the group of insignificant AUS, only 10% of the patients had SCD and the association with Rh antibodies was detected in 20% of the cases. The presence of Rh antibodies was independently associated with the AUS clinical relevance (P = 0·012). CONCLUSION: More than one-third of the AUS are potentially clinically relevant, and the association with Rh antibodies is predictive of AUS relevance. Services must honour AUS in the pre-transfusion process in order to ensure transfusion safety.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme , Isoanticorpos/sangue , Reação Transfusional/prevenção & controle , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Transfusão de Sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Monócitos , Reação Transfusional/diagnóstico , Reação Transfusional/etiologia
16.
Blood Cells Mol Dis ; 77: 23-28, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a significant inter-individual heterogeneity of Vel antigen expression which can lead to inaccuracies on Vel phenotyping of blood donors and, potentially, to hemolytic post-transfusion reactions. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of genetic variants in the SMIM1 intron 2 on the expression of Vel antigen among Brazilian blood donors harboring the c.64_80del17 deletion in heterozygosity. METHODS: Donors presenting the SMIM1 c.64_80del17 in heterozygosity were included in the study and subjected to SMIM1 intron 2 direct sequencing aiming to genotype the following polymorphisms: rs143702418, rs1181893, rs191041962, rs6673829, rs1175550 and rs9424296. RESULTS: SMIM1 intron 2 sequencing was performed on two hundred donors presenting one c.64_80del17 allele. The rs1175550 polymorphism significantly impacted on Vel antigen expression. Variations in the strength of agglutination on Vel phenotyping were also observed according to the rs6673829 genotype, but this difference did not persist with statistical relevance after multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The presence of the rs1175550A allele of SMIM1 is significantly and independently associated with a decrease in Vel antigen expression. Even though the population in Brazil is intensely mixed, the allele frequencies obtained in the current study were very similar to that reported for Europeans.


Assuntos
Variação Antigênica/genética , Doadores de Sangue , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Íntrons , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Alelos , Brasil , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Fenótipo , Deleção de Sequência
17.
Sleep Med ; 57: 30-35, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30897453

RESUMO

AIM: To test the association between cardiometabolic risk factors and subjective sleep quality assessed by the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), independent of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep duration. METHODS: A total of 573 participants from the Baependi Heart Study, a rural cohort from Brazil, completed sleep questionnaires and underwent polygraphy for OSA evaluation. Multivariable linear regression analysis tested the association between cardiovascular risk factors (outcome variables) and sleep quality measured by PSQI, adjusting for OSA and other potential confounders (age, sex, race, salary/wage, education, marital status, alcohol intake, obesity, smoking, hypertension, and sleep duration). RESULTS: The sample mean age was 43 ± 16 years, 66% were female, and mean body mass index (BMI) was 26 ± 5 kg/m2. Only 20% were classified as obese (BMI ≥30). Overall, 50% of participants reported poor sleep quality as defined by a PSQI score ≥5. A high PSQI score was significantly associated with higher very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol levels (beta = 0.392, p = 0.012) and higher triglyceride levels (beta = 0.017, p = 0.006), even after adjustments, including the apnea-hypopnea index. Further adjustments accounting for marital status, alcohol intake, and medication use did not change these findings. No significant association was observed between PSQI scores and glucose or blood pressure. According to PSQI components, sleep disturbances (beta = 1.976, p = 0.027), sleep medication use (beta = 1.121, p = 0.019), and daytime dysfunction (beta = 1.290, p = 0.024) were significantly associated with higher VLDL serum levels. Only the daytime dysfunction domain of the PSQI components was significantly associated with higher triglyceride levels (beta = 0.066, p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Poorer lipid profile was independently associated with poor sleep quality, assessed by the PSQI questionnaire, regardless of a normal sleep duration and accounting for OSA and socio-economic status.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/sangue , População Rural , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade , Polissonografia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 24(1): 273-282, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645756

RESUMO

Heat shock protein-70 (HSP70) is crucial for proteostasis and displays cell-protective effects. Meanwhile, enhanced levels of cell-surface (cs) and secreted HSP70 paradoxically associate with pathologic cardiovascular conditions. However, mechanisms regulating csHSP70 pool are unknown. We hypothesized that total and csHSP70 expressions are modulated by hemodynamic forces, major contributors to endothelial pathophysiology. We also investigated whether thrombomodulin, a crucial thromboresistance cell-surface protein, is a csHSP70 target. We used proteomic/western analysis, confocal microscopy, and cs-biotinylation to analyze the pattern and specific characteristics of intracellular and csHSP70. HSP70 interaction with thrombomodulin was investigated by confocal colocalization, en face immunofluorescence, proximity assay, and immunoprecipitation. Thrombomodulin activity was assessed by measured protein C activation two-step assay. Our results show that csHSP70 pool in endothelial cells (EC) exhibits a peculiar cluster-like pattern and undergoes enhanced expression by physiological arterial-level laminar shear stress. Conversely, total and csHSP70 expressions were diminished under low shear stress, a known proatherogenic hemodynamic pattern. Furthermore, total HSP70 levels were decreased in aortic arch (associated with proatherogenic turbulent flow) compared with thoracic aorta (associated with atheroprotective laminar flow). Importantly, csHSP70 co-localized with thrombomodulin in cultured EC and aorta endothelium; proximity ligation assays and immunoprecipitation confirmed their physical interaction in EC. Remarkably, immunoneutralization of csHSP70 enhanced thrombomodulin activity in EC and aorta ex vivo. Overall, proatherogenic hemodynamic forces promote reduced total HSP70 expression, which might implicate in disturbed proteostasis; meanwhile, the associated decrease in cs-HSP70 pool associates with thromboresistance signaling. Cell-surface HSP70 (csHSP70) expression regulation and csHSP70 targets in vascular cells are unknown. We showed that HSP70 levels are shear stress-modulated and decreased under proatherogenic conditions. Remarkably, csHSP70 binds thrombomodulin and inhibits its activity in endothelial cells. This mechanism can potentially explain some deleterious effects previously associated with high extracellular HSP70 levels, as csHSP70 potentially could restrict thromboresistance and support thrombosis/inflammation in stress situations.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Trombomodulina/metabolismo , Aorta/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , Estresse Fisiológico
19.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1052, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30298004

RESUMO

Thromboembolic events are associated with high mortality and morbidity indexes. In this context, warfarin is the most widely prescribed oral anticoagulant agent for preventing and treating these events. This medication has a narrow therapeutic range and, consequently, patients usually have difficulty in achieving and maintaining stable target therapeutics. Some studies on the literature about oral anticoagulant management showed that pharmacists could improve the efficiency of anticoagulant therapy. However, the majority of these studies included general patients retrospectively. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate a pharmacist's warfarin management in patients with poor quality of anticoagulation therapy (Time in the Therapeutic Range- TTR < 50%). We included 268 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and without stable dose of warfarin (TTR < 50%, based on the last three values of International Normalized Ratio-INR). We followed them up for 12 weeks, INR values were evaluated and, when necessary, the dose adjustments were performed. During the first four visits, patient's INR was measured every 7 days. Then, if INR was within the target therapeutic range (INR: 2-3), the patient was asked to return in 30 days. However, if INR was out the therapeutic target, the patient was asked to return in 7 days. Adherence evaluation was measured through questionnaires and by counting the pills taken. Comparison between basal TTR (which was calculated based on the three last INR values before prospective phase) and TTR of 4 weeks (calculated by considering the INR tests from visits 0 to 4, in the prospective phase of the study) and basal TTR and TTR of 12 weeks (calculated based on the INR tests from visits 0 to 12, in the prospective phase of the study) revealed significant statistical differences (0.144 ± 0.010 vs. 0.382 ± 0.016; and 0.144 ± 0.010 vs. 0.543 ± 0.014, p < 0.001, respectively). We also observed that the mean TTR of 1 year before (retrospective phase) was lower than TTR value after 12 weeks of pharmacist-driven treatment (prospective phase) (0.320 ± 0.015; 0.540 ± 0.015, p < 0.001). In conclusion, pharmaceutical care was able to improve TTR values in patients with AF and poor quality of anticoagulation with warfarin.

20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(4): 578-584, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-973776

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Genetic cascade screening is the most cost-effective method for the identification of individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), but the best strategies for the enrollment of at-risk individuals in a FH screening program are not fully known. Objective: The aim of this study is to identify the best predictors of familial enrollment into genetic screening, using features derived from tested probands. Methods: One hundred and eighty-three index-cases (ICs) with a positive genetic result that had relatives screened from 01/2011 to 07/2015 were included. The response variable was the number of relatives for each enrolled IC. All variables in the study were based on ICs' derived clinical and socioeconomical features. The effect size of predictor variables were obtained through a general linear model using a negative binomial regression link function. Significance was considered with a p < 0.05. Results: Mean IC age when enrolling into the program was 50 years old; 78.1% of individuals reported knowledge of relatives with dyslipidemia. Mean baseline LDL-cholesterol level was 316 ± 90 mg/dL. Referral origin through the cascade program website vs. tertiary care, IC LDL-cholesterol and familial history of high LDL-cholesterol levels were independent predictors associated with a higher number of enrolled relatives. Conclusions: Our data suggest that FH cascade screening programs can predict family enrollment based on IC features. This information may be useful for devising better and more effective screening approaches for at-risk individuals.


Resumo Fundamento: O rastreamento genético em cascata é o método mais economicamente viável para a identificação de indivíduos com hipercolesterolemia familiar, mas as melhores estratégias para o recrutamento de indivíduos em risco em um programa de rastreamento deste tipo não são inteiramente conhecidas. Objetivo: Identificar os melhores preditores de recrutamento familiar em rastreamento genético, usando características derivadas de probandos testados. Métodos: Foram inscritos 183 casos índices com resultado genético positivo, que tiveram familiares rastreados de janeiro de 2011 a julho de 2015. A variável de resposta foi o número de familiares para cada caso índice inscrito. Todas as variáveis do estudo foram baseadas em características clínicas e socioeconômicas derivadas dos casos índices. O tamanho do efeito das variáveis preditoras foi obtido de modelo linear geral utilizando função de associação de regressão binomial negativa. A significância foi considerada com p < 0,05. Resultados: A média de idade dos casos índices ao ingressar no programa foi de 50 anos; 78,1% dos indivíduos relataram conhecimento de familiares com dislipidemia. O nível médio de LDL-colesterol inicial foi de 316 ± 90 mg/dL. Origem de referência por meio do site do programa em cascata vs. cuidados terciários, LDL-colesterol do caso índice e história familiar de níveis elevados de LDL-colesterol foram preditores independentes associados a um maior número de familiares inscritos. Conclusões: Programas de rastreamento genético em cascata da hipercolesterolemia familiar podem prever o recrutamento da família com base nas características do caso índice. Esta informação pode ser útil para criar abordagens de rastreamento melhores e mais eficazes para indivíduos em risco.

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