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2.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e010, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049111

RESUMO

Relevant public policies in oral health have been implemented in Brazil since 2004. Changes in the epidemiological status of dental caries are expected, mainly in the child population. This study aimed to assess the dental caries experience and associated factors among 12-year-old children in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with data obtained from 415 cities, including a total of 26,325 schoolchildren who were included by the double-stage cluster technique, by lot and by systematic sampling. The statistical model included data from the São Paulo Oral Health Survey (SBSP 2015), the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). A theoretical-conceptual model categorized the variables into three blocks, namely, contextual (HDI, SVI, region of residence and fluoridation of water), individual (sex and ethnicity) and periodontal conditions (gingival bleeding, dental calculus and the presence of periodontal pockets), for association with the experience of caries (DMFT). Statistically significant associations were verified by hierarchical multivariate logistic (L) and Poisson (P) regression analyses (p < 0.05). The results showed that 57.7% of 12-year-old children had caries experience. Factors that determined a greater prevalence of dental caries in both models were nonwhite ethnicity (ORL = 1.113, ORP = 1.154) and the presence of gingival bleeding (ORL = 1.204, ORP = 1.255). Male children (ORL = 0.920 ORP = 0.859) and higher HDI (ORL = 0.022), ORP = 0.040) were associated with a lower prevalence of dental caries experience. Water fluoridation was associated with a lower DMFT index (ORP = 0.766). Dental caries experience is still associated with social inequalities at different levels. Policymakers should direct interventions towards reducing inequalities and the prevalence of dental caries among 12-year-old children.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Feminino , Fluoretação/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Índice Periodontal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
3.
Gerodontology ; 37(1): 78-86, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815316

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate factors that influence the oral health-related quality of life of older people (65 years and over) in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Population-based studies should be conducted to support health-planning interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the São Paulo State Survey on Oral Health (SBSP-2015), which consisted of 5951 individuals, were used. A theoretical-conceptual model was built based on the impact of family socio-economic characteristics, individual social-demographic features and self-perceived and clinical oral health status on the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was conducted at 5% significance level. Statistically significant variables included within the adjusted logistic regression model entered the multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). RESULTS: Oral health impact on daily activities was observed in 34.6% of older people. Characteristics significantly related to impact on OIDP score were as follows: family income up to R$ 500 (OR = 2.73), self-perceived treatment need (OR = 1.33), self-perceived toothache (OR = 1.52), self-perception of denture replacement need (OR = 1.27), dissatisfaction (OR = 1.50) or very dissatisfied (OR = 2.57) with own oral health, partial lower denture use (OR = 1.34) and needing partial lower dentures (OR = 1.28). Increased number of people living in the same house (B = 0.05, OR = 1.06), number of bedrooms in the house (B = -0.10, OR = 0.90), age (B = -0.03, OR = 0.97) and number of teeth needing treatment (B = 0.08, OR = 1.08) contributed significantly to OIDP. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of OIDP of older people in the state of São Paulo was related to factors other than their clinical and self-perceived oral health status.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Autoimagem
4.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with tooth loss in adults from the position and number of teeth lost in the dental arches. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study with adults participating in the epidemiological survey of oral health of São Paulo in 2015. The outcome of the study was tooth loss, assessed by the proposed classification, namely: I) lost up to 12 back teeth; II) lost up to 12 teeth (including front teeth); and III) lost more than 12 teeth. A four-block analysis was conducted, supported by a conceptual theoretical model adapted for tooth loss. For the multinomial logistic regression, "individuals who did not lose teeth due to caries or periodontal disease" was used as reference (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Of 6,051 adults evaluated, 25.3% (n = 1,530) were classified in category I, 32.7% (n = 1,977) in II, 9.4% (n = 568) in III, and 1.9% (n = 117) were edentulous. Lower income and schooling, the perception of need for treatment and the last appointment motivated by routine, pain or extraction were associated with tooth loss, regardless of the classification. The negative evaluation of the dental service was associated with individuals who lost up to 12 teeth, both front and back. The presence of women and periodontal pocket were associated with tooth loss of up to 12 teeth, including front, and more than 12 teeth. Caries were associated with adults who lost up to 12 teeth, including front teeth. CONCLUSION: The proposed classification allowed the identification of differences between the associated factors. Thus, the need to consider such classification in future studies is evident.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/classificação , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Bolsa Periodontal/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Perda de Dente/etiologia
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of school failure among Brazilian adolescents with social conditions and aspects of oral health through hierarchical analysis. METHODS: A state-wide survey of 5,558 adolescents from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, inquired about the sociodemographic and social capital of participants by using a structured questionnaire. Trained and calibrated professionals performed intraoral examinations and interviews in the households. Questions about the access to dentist, reason for and frequency of using dental services, toothache episodes and impact of oral conditions on daily activities (OIDP) were applied. Oral examinations evaluated caries experience, tooth losses, periodontal problems, presence of open bite, and maxillary and mandibular overjet. School failure was estimated according to the teenagers' years of schooling. The independent variables were grouped into three blocks: sociodemographic and economic characteristics, social capital and oral health aspects. The multiple hierarchical logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with school failure. RESULTS: Of the total sample, information about schooling of 5,162 adolescents was obtained, of whom 29.6% presented school failure. We found that adolescents over the age of 16 years who did not declare themselves as white, female, with feelings of insecurity, unhappiness, with toothache, caries, tooth losses, affected by dentofacial and/or periodontal changes, were more likely to fail at school. CONCLUSION: Oral disorders and social factors were associated with school failure in adolescents. A successful school trajectory was a strong determinant of health, therefore actions between the educational and health sectors must be developed for adolescents, especially those with this profile.


Assuntos
Fracasso Acadêmico , Avaliação Educacional , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda de Dente , Adulto Jovem
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to analyse the factors associated with self-perceived need for dental treatment among adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, comprising 5558 adolescents, was evaluated in 2015. The adolescents were selected by probabilistic sampling by conglomerates in two stages. The outcome evaluated was self-perceived treatment need measured via a validated questionnaire. Independent variables included sociodemographic factors, type, frequency and reason for last dental visit, and examination of oral conditions. Statistical analysis was based on the multiple hierarchical logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 3340 (62.6%) adolescents reported needing dental treatment. After fitting the model, the self-perceived need for treatment was associated with adolescents with family income of up to $1,500 BRL (OR 1.39; [95% CI = 1.20-1.60]; P < .001), who sought dental services solely for curative treatment (OR 1.58; [95% CI = 1.46-1.72]; P < .001), reported toothaches in the previous six months (OR 2.88; [95% CI = 2.53-3.28]; P < .001), were dissatisfied with the appearance of their teeth and mouth (OR 5.94; [95% CI = 5.03-7.01]; P < .001), had caries in the posterior teeth only (OR 3.04; [95% CI = 2.77-3.33]; P < .001) or had caries in the anterior teeth (OR 4.75; [95% CI = 4.05-5.56]; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The self-perceived need for dental treatment among Brazilian adolescents was associated with normative and subjective needs, and sociodemographic context factors. This finding provides important evidence for collective health planning.

7.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of caries related to social capital and associated factors in adults in large-scale population-based study. A Cross-sectional study was performed in 163 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (SBSP-2015). 17,560 people were evaluated, of which 6051 were adults aged 35-44 years. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was proposed. Outcome variables (decayed teeth, missing teeth and DMFT) and independent variables were included in the model, considering the distal (income and schooling); intermediate (social capital) and proximal levels (sex and ethnicity). Results showed that income up to 1,500 reais - US$ 367.6 in 11/11/2019 - (OR = 1.91;1.75-2.08), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.32;1.12-1.56) and non-white ethnicity (OR = 1.54;1.35-1.76) were more likely to have decayed teeth. Income up to 1500 reais (OR = 1.29;1.15-1.44), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 2.13;1.90-2.38), low social capital (OR = 1.84;1.65-2.04), medium social capital (OR = 1.15;1.01-1.30) and females were more likely to have lost teeth (OR = 1.13;1.03-1.23). Schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.51;1.35-1.69), low social capital (OR = 1.25; 1.14-1.37) and female (OR = 1.40,1.19-1.53) were associated with DMFT. It was concluded that sociodemographic factors and low social capital were associated with the experience of caries, which should be taken into account in the formulation of public policies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(12): 4437-4448, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778494

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze, by an integrative review of the literature, the possible impacts of financial crises on oral health indicators in different countries, as well as to verify the measures adopted in order to compare with the Brazilian reality. A search for articles that met these criteria was carried out in PUBMED, EMBASE, Lilacs, SCOPUS and also in the gray literature. At the end, nine studies were included. The results indicate that the population with higher vulnerability, lower income and lower educational level are the most affected, independently of the evaluated indicator (untreated dental caries, access to dental care services and hygiene habits). When protective measures with allocation of financial resources were taken, disparities decreased. It was concluded that, faced with economic crises, oral health is no longer a priority, which impacts access to care for the less favored social strata.

9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(10): 3793-3803, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577010

RESUMO

Although administrators unanimously agree that the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) is underfunded, it is also unanimous that there are problems in the efficiency of expenditures management. From this perspective, this study assessed the health technical efficiency in the seven cities of the Rota dos Bandeirantes health region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2012, through the Health Technical Efficiency Index. This index includes structure and results indicators, mainly from the goals and indicators agreement system, and it is collected from the database of the SUS Informatics Department. It was identified that only one city reached high health technical efficiency, while the other cities presented low efficiency. It was concluded that cities with higher income available and higher per capita expenditures achieved the best health indicator results and, therefore, better health technical efficiency indexes. However, some cities, even though small in structure, obtained better results than neighboring cities, which shows structure management efficiency. Thus, the resource represented an essential condition for efficiency, however not sufficient.


Assuntos
Gastos em Saúde , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Brasil , Cidades , Financiamento da Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(10): 3793-3803, Oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039473

RESUMO

Resumo Embora haja uma unanimidade nas falas dos gestores que o Sistema Único de Saúde é subfinanciado, é unânime também o fato de haver problemas na eficiência da gestão dos gastos. Nesta perspectiva, este estudo faz uma avaliação da eficiência técnica em saúde dos sete municípios da região de saúde Rota dos Bandeirantes do estado de São Paulo no período de 2009 a 2012, utilizando-se o Índice de Eficiência Técnica em Saúde. Este índice é composto por meio de indicadores estruturais e indicadores de resultados, oriundos principalmente, do sistema de pactuação de metas e indicadores e coletados da base de dados do Departamento de Informática do SUS. Identificou-se que apenas o município de Barueri atingiu alta eficiência técnica em saúde, enquanto que os demais apresentaram baixa eficiência. Concluiu-se que os municípios com maior receita disponível e maior gasto per capita atingiram os melhores resultados nos indicadores de saúde e, portanto, melhores índices de eficiência técnica em saúde. Todavia alguns municípios, mesmo com uma pequena estrutura, atingiram resultados melhores que seus vizinhos, demostrando eficiência na gestão de sua estrutura e, desta forma, o recurso mostrou-se como condição necessária para que haja eficiência, porém, não suficiente.


Abstract Although administrators unanimously agree that the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) is underfunded, it is also unanimous that there are problems in the efficiency of expenditures management. From this perspective, this study assessed the health technical efficiency in the seven cities of the Rota dos Bandeirantes health region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2012, through the Health Technical Efficiency Index. This index includes structure and results indicators, mainly from the goals and indicators agreement system, and it is collected from the database of the SUS Informatics Department. It was identified that only one city reached high health technical efficiency, while the other cities presented low efficiency. It was concluded that cities with higher income available and higher per capita expenditures achieved the best health indicator results and, therefore, better health technical efficiency indexes. However, some cities, even though small in structure, obtained better results than neighboring cities, which shows structure management efficiency. Thus, the resource represented an essential condition for efficiency, however not sufficient.

11.
Rev Saude Publica ; 532019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432931

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of alternatives for rehabilitation treatment of mandibular edentulism in the context of the Brazilian Unified Health System (implant-supported total dental prosthesis versus conventional total dental prosthesis). METHODS: A Markov model was developed to capture long-term clinical and economic outcomes. The model's population was comprised of a hypothetical cohort of 1,000,000 patients, aged 55 years, with total mandibular edentulism and without medical contraindications for performing surgical procedures. The adopted analysis perspective was that of the Brazilian Unified Health System. Based on the proposed model, we calculated cost - in BRL, and effectiveness - measured by quality-adjusted prosthesis year (QAPY). The time horizon of the analysis was 20 years. RESULTS: Considering a 5% discount in costs and effects, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of implant-supported total dental prostheses compared to conventional total dental prosthesis (BRL 464.22/QAPY) was lower than the willingness to pay threshold adopted in the model (BRL 3,050.00/QAPY). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this economic analysis showed that the rehabilitation of mandibular edentulous patients by implant-supported total prosthesis is very cost-effective when compared to conventional complete prosthesis, considering the cost-effectiveness limits employed.


Assuntos
Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/economia , Prótese Parcial Fixa/economia , Boca Edêntula/economia , Brasil , Análise Custo-Benefício , Implantes Dentários/economia , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca Edêntula/reabilitação , Programas Nacionais de Saúde
12.
Value Health Reg Issues ; 20: 73-78, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a budgetary impact analysis regarding the possibility of offering complete upper and lower dentures to an eligible population of elderly people (above 65 years) in the São Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: The proportion of eligible population was calculated by assessing the prevalence of edentulous (upper and lower arch) and by defining the eligible group (public health system users). The budgetary impact analysis was designed under the following scenario: 5-year time horizon (2018-2022), prospect of municipal expenses with prostheses, and additional progressive incorporation of technology (upper and lower dentures) at an annual rate of 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%. Sensibility analysis was performed in 3 different situations (reference, more pessimistic, and more optimistic) based on the calculation of spending through assessed demand and epidemiological demand. RESULTS: The municipal cost for each denture, already discounted the value transferred by the union for this procedure, was R$50.97. The incremental impact on the budget measured by the epidemiological demand relative to assessed demand was approximately R$59 141 510 over 5 years, meaning an impact of 0.08% (0.01% more optimistic; 0.13% more pessimistic) of the "medium and high complexity care" budget and 0.09% (0.03%-0.14%) of the primary care budget. CONCLUSION: The budgetary impact of increasing the oral rehabilitation with complete dentures for elderly population in the São Paulo state is low relative to the expenses with primary or specialized care budgets. In addition, incorporation of denture rehabilitation would be feasible, according to the financial availability and priorities of each municipality.

13.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e014, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892410

RESUMO

Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 133, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30808367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The state of São Paulo recorded a significant reduction in infant mortality from 1990 to 2013, but the desired reduction in maternal mortality was not achieved. Knowledge of the factors with impact on these indicators would be of help in formulating public policies. The aims of this study were to evaluate the relations between socioeconomic and demographic factors, health care model and both infant mortality (considering the neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: In this ecological study, data from national official open sources were used to conduct a population-based study. The units analyzed were 645 municipalities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. For each municipality, the infant mortality (in both neonatal and post-neonatal dimensions) and maternal mortality rates were calculated for every 1000 live births, referring to 2013. Subsequently, the association between these rates, socioeconomic variables, demographic models and the primary care organization model in the municipality were verified. For statistical analysis, we used the zero-inflated negative binomial model. Gross analysis was performed and then multiple regression models were estimated. For associations, we adopted "p" at 5%. RESULTS: The increase in the HDI of the city and proportion of Family Health Care Strategy implemented were significantly associated with the reduction in both infant mortality (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates. In turn, the increase in birth and caesarean delivery rates were associated with the increase in infant and maternal mortality rates. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that the Family Health Care Strategy was a Primary Care organization model that contributed to the reduction in infant (neonatal + post-neonatal) and maternal mortality rates, and so did actors such as HDI and cesarean section. Thus, public health managers should prefer this model when planning the organization of Primary Care services for the population.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cesárea/mortalidade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Modelos Estatísticos , Análise Multivariada , Gravidez
15.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(1): 307-314, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30698263

RESUMO

We evaluated the association between quality of life, family cohesion and sociodemographic factors of beneficiary families of the BolsaFamília Program (PBF). This was an analytical, cross-sectional study with exploratory methodology. The sample was composed of 385 respondents. The dependent variable was the quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), and the independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, family cohesion and adaptability (FACES III). The best quality of life was associated with an age younger than or equal to 36 years (OR = 2.15), higher educational level (OR = 1.54), good/very good health (OR = 6.39), not having current health problem (OR = 5.68), no treatment (OR = 1.76), moderate (OR = 3.39) and high (OR = 3.66) family cohesion and moderate adaptability (OR = 2.23). Individuals from families with moderate and high family cohesion were more likely to have a better quality of life than those from families with low cohesion. The male volunteers were 3.54 times more likely to have a better quality of life. It was concluded that moderate and high levels of cohesion may impact positively to the quality of life of persons receiving the PBF, indicating that social programs should seek to strengthen these dynamics.


Assuntos
Relações Familiares , Nível de Saúde , Pobreza , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Política Pública , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(1): 307-314, ene. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974796

RESUMO

Resumo Avaliou-se a associação entre qualidade de vida, coesão familiar e fatores sociodemográficos de famílias beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família (PBF). Estudo transversal, analítico e de caráter exploratório com amostra representativa de 385 entrevistados. A variável dependente foi a qualidade de vida (WHOQOL-BREF), e as variáveis independentes quantificadas em características sociodemográficas, autopercepção sobre saúde, coesão e adaptabilidade familiar (FACES III). A melhor qualidade de vida associou-se com idade menor ou igual a 36 anos (OR = 2,15), maior nível educacional (OR = 1,54), boa/muito boa saúde (OR = 6,39), não ter problema de saúde atual (OR = 5,68), sem tratamento (OR = 1,76), moderada (OR = 3,39) e alta (OR = 3,66) coesão familiar e moderada adaptabilidade (OR = 2,23). Indivíduos provenientes de famílias com moderada e alta coesão familiar tiveram mais chance de ter uma melhor qualidade de vida do que aqueles vindos de famílias com baixa coesão. Os voluntários do sexo masculino tiveram 3,54 vezes mais chance de apresentar uma melhor qualidade de vida. Concluiu-se que níveis moderados e altos de coesão podem impactar positivamente uma melhor qualidade de vida das pessoas beneficiárias do PBF, indicando que as ações sociais devem buscar o fortalecimento dessa dinâmica.


Abstract We evaluated the association between quality of life, family cohesion and sociodemographic factors of beneficiary families of the BolsaFamília Program (PBF). This was an analytical, cross-sectional study with exploratory methodology. The sample was composed of 385 respondents. The dependent variable was the quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), and the independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated health, family cohesion and adaptability (FACES III). The best quality of life was associated with an age younger than or equal to 36 years (OR = 2.15), higher educational level (OR = 1.54), good/very good health (OR = 6.39), not having current health problem (OR = 5.68), no treatment (OR = 1.76), moderate (OR = 3.39) and high (OR = 3.66) family cohesion and moderate adaptability (OR = 2.23). Individuals from families with moderate and high family cohesion were more likely to have a better quality of life than those from families with low cohesion. The male volunteers were 3.54 times more likely to have a better quality of life. It was concluded that moderate and high levels of cohesion may impact positively to the quality of life of persons receiving the PBF, indicating that social programs should seek to strengthen these dynamics.

17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e014, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-989469

RESUMO

Abstract Satisfaction with dental aesthetics is a subjective indicator used in epidemiological studies and is related to health behaviours. Little is known about the factors that influence this indicator, particularly among adolescents who live in a situation of social vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between malocclusion and dental appearance in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents. This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, Brazil, and evaluated 884 adolescents from 13 to 19 years of age. The dependent variable was satisfaction with dental appearance, and the independent variables were classified as individual (components of the Dental Aesthetic Index - DAI, sex and age) and contextual (social exclusion index). For statistical analysis, multilevel regression models were estimated. The individual variables were considered Level 1, and the contextual variable was considered Level 2, with a level of significance of 5%. The mean age of the adolescents was 15.3 years. Female adolescents more frequently affirmed that they were satisfied with their dental appearance than did male individuals. There was an increase in dissatisfaction with oral health with the increase in anterior maxillary overjet, midline diastema, larger anterior irregularity in the maxilla, larger anterior irregularity in the mandible, anterior open bite and antero-posterior molar relation. Satisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individual factors such as sex and DAI components.

18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: s1518, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020898

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of alternatives for rehabilitation treatment of mandibular edentulism in the context of the Brazilian Unified Health System (implant-supported total dental prosthesis versus conventional total dental prosthesis). METHODS A Markov model was developed to capture long-term clinical and economic outcomes. The model's population was comprised of a hypothetical cohort of 1,000,000 patients, aged 55 years, with total mandibular edentulism and without medical contraindications for performing surgical procedures. The adopted analysis perspective was that of the Brazilian Unified Health System. Based on the proposed model, we calculated cost - in BRL, and effectiveness - measured by quality-adjusted prosthesis year (QAPY). The time horizon of the analysis was 20 years. RESULTS Considering a 5% discount in costs and effects, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of implant-supported total dental prostheses compared to conventional total dental prosthesis (BRL 464.22/QAPY) was lower than the willingness to pay threshold adopted in the model (BRL 3,050.00/QAPY). CONCLUSIONS The results of this economic analysis showed that the rehabilitation of mandibular edentulous patients by implant-supported total prosthesis is very cost-effective when compared to conventional complete prosthesis, considering the cost-effectiveness limits employed.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Conduzir uma análise de custo-efetividade das alternativas para tratamento reabilitador do edentulismo mandibular no contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde (prótese total implanto-suportada e prótese total convencional). MÉTODOS Foi desenvolvido um modelo de Markov para captar os resultados clínicos e econômicos de longo prazo. A população do modelo consistiu em uma coorte hipotética de 1.000.000 pacientes, com 55 anos, desdentados totais mandibulares e sem contraindicações médicas para a realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos. A perspectiva de análise adotada foi a do Sistema Único de Saúde. Com base no modelo proposto, calculamos o custo (em reais) e a efetividade, medida pelo ano de prótese ajustado à qualidade (QAPY). O horizonte temporal da análise foi de 20 anos. RESULTADOS Considerando o desconto de 5% nos custos e efeitos, a razão de custo-efetividade incremental da prótese total implanto-suportada em relação à prótese total convencional (R$ 464,22/QAPY) foi menor que o limiar de disposição a pagar adotado no modelo (R$ 3.050,00/QAPY). CONCLUSÕES Os resultados desta análise econômica mostraram que a reabilitação de edêntulos mandibulares por meio da prótese total implanto-suportada é muito custo-efetiva em comparação à prótese total convencional, de acordo com os limites de custo-efetividade empregados.

19.
Rev saude publica ; 53(69)2019.
Artigo | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IBPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: but-ib17148

RESUMO

OBJETIVO Realizar uma análise de custo-efetividade de alternativas para o tratamento de reabilitação do edentulismo mandibular no contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde (prótese total total suportada por implante versus prótese total total convencional). MÉTODOS Um modelo de Markov foi desenvolvido para capturar resultados clínicos e econômicos a longo prazo. A população do modelo foi composta por uma coorte hipotética de 1.000.000 de pacientes, com 55 anos de idade, com edentulismo mandibular total e sem contraindicações médicas para a realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos. A perspectiva de análise adotada foi a do Sistema Único de Saúde. Com base no modelo proposto, calculamos o custo - em BRL e a eficácia - medidos pelo ano da prótese ajustada à qualidade (QAPY). O horizonte temporal da análise foi de 20 anos. RESULTADOS Considerando um desconto de 5% nos custos e efeitos, a taxa de custo-efetividade incremental das próteses totais totais suportadas por implantes, em comparação com a prótese total total convencional (BRL 464,22 / QAPY), foi inferior ao limiar de disposição a pagar adotado no modelo (BRL 3.050,00 / QAPY). CONCLUSÕES Os resultados dessa análise econômica mostraram que a reabilitação de pacientes desdentados mandibulares por prótese total suportada por implante é muito rentável quando comparada à prótese total convencional, considerando os limites de custo-efetividade empregados.

20.
BMC Oral Health ; 18(1): 221, 2018 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30567580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescents are vulnerable to behaviors that weaken health, by adopting habits that interfere with adherence to treatment. The aims of the present study were to investigate adolescents' adherence to dental treatment and the relations between this behavior and socioeconomic factors and consumption of licit and illicit chemical substances. METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted with 474 adolescents from Piracicaba/SP/Brazil, who initially underwent a dental examination to verify the adherence for dental treatment. After 18 months, 325 adolescents were reassessed. Valid questions about socioeconomic conditions and use of alcohol and drugs were applied to participants. The chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used. The prevalence ratios were estimated with the respective 95% confidence intervals, using generalized linear models with Poisson distribution. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) months after the first consultation, 325 adolescents were reassessed: 161 (49%) did not adhere to the treatment, and 164 (51%) adhered to it and answered the socioeconomic and alcohol and illicit drug questionnaires. Their mean age was 15 ± 1 years; of them, 189 (58%) were female. The prevalence of adherence to treatment decreased in patients without their own home (p = 0.034). In the individual analysis of the variables, drinking alcohol alone, experimenting with drugs, and proximity of friends who consumed illicit substances were associated with the outcome (p < 0.05). However, in the joint analysis, only proximity of friends who consumed drugs was the factor related to low adherence to dental treatment among the adolescents (p = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Adolescents who consumed alcohol and socialized with friends who used illicit drugs had greater difficulty in adhering to dental treatment.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários
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