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3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 769-777, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129174

RESUMO

Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD) is a highly prevalent articular pathological condition. In this sense, radiography becomes an important diagnostic method to determine the presence and severity of the disease. The objective was to create 3D models and their respective radiographs representing the CHD (3D AMCHD). The research was carried out in the Laboratory of 3D Educational Technologies of UFAC, under no. 23107.007273/2017-49 (CEUA/UFAC). A canine skeleton (hip bone, femurs and patellae) was used without anatomical deformities compatible with DCF (pelvis, femurs and patella), which were scanned in order to obtain the files of the base model. In these files the deformations representing the different degrees of CHD were performed. Subsequently, the 3D AMCHD files were printed, mounted and X-rayed. The 3D AMCHD represented the bone deformations of the different degrees of CHD. In the radiographs of the 3D AMCHD it was possible to observe and determine each of the bones that constituted the hip joints. This allowed to reproduce the correct positioning to represent the CHD diagnosis and establish the precise points to determine the Norberg angle. In this way, it was evidenced that the 3D AMCHD can be a possible tool to be used in the Teaching of Veterinary Medicine.(AU)


A displasia coxofemoral canina (DCF) é uma condição patológica articular de grande prevalência. Nesse sentido, a radiografia torna-se um método de diagnóstico importante para determinar a presença e a gravidade da doença. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi criar modelos 3D e suas respectivas radiografias representando a DCF (MADCF 3D). A pesquisa foi realizada no Laboratório de Tecnologias Educacionais 3D da UFAC, sob o nº. 23107.007273/2017-49 (Ceua/Ufac). Foram utilizados esqueletos caninos (pelve, fêmures e patelas) sem deformidades anatômicas compatíveis com a DCF, os quais foram digitalizados a fim de se obterem os arquivos do modelo base. Nesses arquivos foram realizadas as deformações que representavam os diferentes graus da DCF. Posteriormente, os arquivos dos MADCF 3D foram impressos, montados e radiografados. Os MADCF 3D representaram as deformações ósseas dos diferentes graus da DCF. Nas radiografias dos MADCF 3D, foi possível observar e determinar cada um dos ossos que constituíam as articulações coxofemorais. Isso permitiu reproduzir o posicionamento correto para representação do diagnóstico DCF e estabelecer os pontos precisos para determinar o ângulo de Norberg. Dessa forma, evidenciou-se que os MADCF 3D podem ser uma possível ferramenta a ser empregada no ensino de medicina veterinária.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Ensino , Impressão Tridimensional/instrumentação , Displasia Pélvica Canina/diagnóstico por imagem , Modelos Anatômicos , Medicina Veterinária/instrumentação , Radiografia/veterinária
4.
J Laryngol Otol ; 134(5): 398-403, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the surgical techniques, approaches, audiological outcomes and complications of endoscopic stapes surgery. METHODS: Systematic searches of the literature were performed in PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus databases, to identify studies of patients who underwent stapes surgery using endoscopic approaches and studies reporting objective post-operative hearing outcomes. The following information was extracted: surgery duration, complications, surgical technique and audiometric results. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were selected for appraisal, which included a total of 282 ears subjected to endoscopic stapes surgery. Endoscopic stapes surgery seems to provide adequate visualisation of the middle-ear structures, thereby allowing less invasive surgery and potentially equivalent audiological outcomes as compared with a traditional microscopic approach. Other advantages of endoscopic stapes surgery include decreased surgery time, a reduced need for drilling, and auditory results comparable to those of microscopic techniques. CONCLUSION: Studies have shown that endoscopic stapes surgery has similar surgical and functional advantages as compared with microscopic surgery.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/métodos , Microcirurgia/métodos , Cirurgia do Estribo/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Perda Auditiva/complicações , Perda Auditiva/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Otosclerose/complicações , Otosclerose/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 89(10): 10I126, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30399810

RESUMO

A set of gamma ray spectrometers has been designed for ITER within the Radial Gamma Ray Spectrometer (RGRS) project. The aim of this project is designing a system, integrated with the ITER radial neutron camera, which is able to measure the gamma-rays emitted from the plasma with a good energy resolution (about 1.5% at 4.44 MeV) and at high counting rates (in excess of 1 MHz). The RGRS will be able to operate both in the D phase and in the full-power DT phase and will measure gamma rays from (i) reactions between fast ions, such as α particles, and light impurities and (ii) bremsstrahlung emission generated by runaway electron interactions with both plasma bulk and tokamak walls. The RGRS detectors are arranged in nine lines of sights (able to cover a radial region with r < a/3), each featuring a large LaBr3 scintillator crystal. Due to the high neutron flux and magnetic field, several solutions have been adopted to guarantee a good signal to background ratio and MHz counting rate capabilities. The RGRS is capable to combine space and energy distribution measurements of α particles and runaway electrons, which will help the study of the fast particle physics in a burning plasma.

6.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 89(10): 10I124, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30399910

RESUMO

A new gamma-ray spectrometer with MHz capabilities has been developed to measure the bremsstrahlung emission spectrum in the gamma-ray energy band generated by MeV range runaway electrons in disruption experiments at ASDEX Upgrade. Properties of the runaway electrons are inferred from the measured bremsstrahlung spectrum by a deconvolution technique, particularly with regard to their maximum energy. Changes induced to the runaway electron velocity space are unambiguously observed both in massive gas injection and resonant magnetic perturbation experiments with the detector.

7.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 89(10): 10I116, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30399923

RESUMO

The JET gamma-ray cameras have been recently upgraded within the gamma-ray camera upgrade project in support of development of JET high performance deuterium plasma scenarios and in preparation of deuterium-tritium experiments. New, dedicated detectors based on a LaBr3 crystal and silicon photo-multipliers have been developed and replaced pre-existing CsI detectors in all 19 channels. The new instrument gives opportunity of making two-dimensional gamma-ray measurements with a counting rate capability exceeding 1 MCounts/s (MCps) and energy resolution better than 5% at 1.1 MeV. The upgrade is of relevance for fast ion and runaway electron physics studies in high performance deuterium discharges and also in plasmas with tritium at neutron yields in the range up to about 5 × 1017 n/s.

8.
PLoS One ; 12(11): e0187126, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29095906

RESUMO

Chemical cues from sessile hosts can attract mobile and associated organisms and they are also impotant to maintain associations and overall biodiversity, but the identity and molecular structures of these chemicals have been little explored in the marine environment. Secondary metabolites are recognized as possible chemical mediators in the association between species of Laurencia and Aplysia, but the identity of the compounds has not been established. Here, for the first time, we experimentally verify that the sesquiterpene (+)-elatol, a compound produced by the red seaweed Laurencia dendroidea, is a chemical cue attracting the associated sea hare Aplysia brasiliana. In addition to revealing the nature of the chemical mediation between these two species, we provide evidence of a chemical cue that allows young individuals of A. brasiliana to live in association with L. dendroidea. This study highlights the importance of chemical cues in Laurencia-Aplysia association.


Assuntos
Aplysia/fisiologia , Alga Marinha/química , Animais , Bioensaio , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
10.
Supercond Sci Technol ; 30(3)2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28360455

RESUMO

We performed a feasibility study on a high-strength Bi2-x Pb x Sr2Ca2Cu3O10-x (Bi-2223) tape conductor for high-field solenoid applications. The investigated conductor, DI-BSCCO Type HT-XX, is a pre-production version of Type HT-NX, which has recently become available from Sumitomo Electric Industries (SEI). It is based on their DI-BSCCO Type H tape, but laminated with a high-strength Ni-alloy. We used stress-strain characterizations, single- and double-bend tests, easy- and hard-way bent coil-turns at various radii, straight and helical samples in up to 31.2 T background field, and small 20-turn coils in up to 17 T background field to systematically determine the electro-mechanical limits in magnet-relevant conditions. In longitudinal tensile tests at 77 K, we found critical stress- and strain-levels of 516 MPa and 0.57%, respectively. In three decidedly different experiments we detected an amplification of the allowable strain with a combination of pure bending and Lorentz loading to ≥ 0.92% (calculated elastically at the outer tape edge). This significant strain level, and the fact that it is multi-filamentary conductor and available in the reacted and insulated state, makes DI-BSCCO HT-NX highly suitable for very high-field solenoids, for which high current densities and therefore high loads are required to retain manageable magnet dimensions.

12.
J Tissue Eng Regen Med ; 11(6): 1876-1887, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27035732

RESUMO

Wharton's jelly stem cells (WJSCs) are a potential source of transplantable stem cells in cartilage-regenerative strategies, due to their highly proliferative and multilineage differentiation capacity. We hypothesized that a non-direct co-culture system with human articular chondrocytes (hACs) could enhance the potential chondrogenic phenotype of hWJSCs during the expansion phase compared to those expanded in monoculture conditions. Primary hWJSCs were cultured in the bottom of a multiwell plate separated by a porous transwell membrane insert seeded with hACs. No statistically significant differences in hWJSCs duplication number were observed under either of the culture conditions during the expansion phase. hWJSCs under co-culture conditions show upregulations of collagen type I and II, COMP, TGFß1 and aggrecan, as well as of the main cartilage transcription factor, SOX9, when compared to those cultured in the absence of chondrocytes. Chondrogenic differentiation of hWJSCs, previously expanded in co-culture and monoculture conditions, was evaluated for each cellular passage using the micromass culture model. Cells expanded in co-culture showed higher accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) compared to cells in monoculture, and immunohistochemistry for localization of collagen type I revealed a strong detection signal when hWJSCs were expanded under monoculture conditions. In contrast, type II collagen was detected when cells were expanded under co-culture conditions, where numerous round-shaped cell clusters were observed. Using a micromass differentiation model, hWJSCs, previously exposed to soluble factors secreted by hACs, were able to express higher levels of chondrogenic genes with deposition of cartilage extracellular matrix components, suggesting their use as an alternative cell source for treating degenerated cartilage. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrogênese , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Cartilagem Articular/citologia , Condrócitos/citologia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia
14.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 87(11): 11E717, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27910639

RESUMO

In this work, we describe the solution developed by the gamma ray camera upgrade enhancement project to improve the spectroscopic properties of the existing JET γ-ray camera. Aim of the project is to enable gamma-ray spectroscopy in JET deuterium-tritium plasmas. A dedicated pilot spectrometer based on a LaBr3 crystal coupled to a silicon photo-multiplier has been developed. A proper pole zero cancellation network able to shorten the output signal to a length of 120 ns has been implemented allowing for spectroscopy at MHz count rates. The system has been characterized in the laboratory and shows an energy resolution of 5.5% at Eγ = 0.662 MeV, which extrapolates favorably in the energy range of interest for gamma-ray emission from fast ions in fusion plasmas.

15.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 87(11): 11E722, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27910673

RESUMO

A new multichannel frequency modulated continuous-wave reflectometry diagnostic has been successfully installed and commissioned on ASDEX Upgrade to measure the plasma edge electron density profile evolution in front of the Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ICRF) antenna. The design of the new three-strap ICRF antenna integrates ten pairs (sending and receiving) of microwave reflectometry antennas. The multichannel reflectometer can use three of these to measure the edge electron density profiles up to 2 × 1019 m-3, at different poloidal locations, allowing the direct study of the local plasma layers in front of the ICRF antenna. ICRF power coupling, operational effects, and poloidal variations of the plasma density profile can be consistently studied for the first time. In this work the diagnostic hardware architecture is described and the obtained density profile measurements were used to track outer radial plasma position and plasma shape.

16.
Revista Fitos Eletrônica ; 10(4): 446-459, 2016.
Artigo em Português | MOSAICO - Saúde integrativa | ID: biblio-880588

RESUMO

Objetivou-se com este estudo, caracterizar os aspectos epidemiológicos das intoxicações humanas, ocasionadas por plantas no Estado de Pernambuco (PE), através de uma abordagem transversal e descritiva a partir de notificações obtidas no Centro de Assistência Toxicológica deste Estado, no período de 1992 a 2009. Foram analisados 214 prontuários com base nas variáveis: sexo, faixa etária, agente tóxico vegetal, sazonalidade, zona de ocorrência, local do acidente, via de exposição, circunstância, tipo de atendimento, evolução clínica. As intoxicações predominaram no sexo feminino (52,34%), faixa etária de 1 a 4 anos (42,52%), e a maioria ocorreu nos meses de fevereiro, agosto e outubro. A maioria das intoxicações foi na área urbana (74,30%), em acidentes nas residências (72,90%), através de plantas, sendo que 85% por via oral. A família Araceae foi responsável por 35,98% das intoxicações, seguida das famílias Euphorbiaceae 23,83% e Solanaceae com 5,60% dos casos. Os pacientes foram atendidos e a gravidade dos casos, em sua maioria, evoluiu para melhora de saúde, não sendo possível fazer o registro de cura, pelo fato de os mesmos deixarem o hospital sem a devida alta. Espera-se alertar os profissionais de saúde da importância das plantas, como fator de risco de intoxicação, possibilitando o estabelecimento de políticas públicas de prevenção e promoção da saúde.(AU)


The objective of this study was to characterize the epidemiological aspects of human poisoning caused by plants in the State of Pernambuco. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study from notifications obtained in the Toxicological Assistance Centre of Pernambuco (CEATOX), between 1992-2009. 214 records were analyzed using these variables: sex, age group, vegetal toxic agent, seasonality, occurrence zone locations, poisoning site, way of contamination, circumstances of poisoning, type of treatment, and the outcome. Poisoning predominated in females (52.34%) aged 1 to 4 years (42.52%) and the majority occurred in February, August and October. Most poisonings took place in the urban zone (74.30%), caused by home accidents (72.90%) by the oral ingestion of the toxic agent (85%). The family Araceae accounted for (35.98%) of poisonings, followed by Euphorbiaceae families (23.83%) and Solanaceae with (5.60%). Patients were treated and mostly evolved into health improvement, but we lack data regarding cure due to the fact that the patients left the hospital without proper medical release. We hope to alert health professionals of the importance of poisonous plants as a risk factor, enabling the establishment of new public policies for health promotion and prevention for the general public.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Intoxicação por Plantas/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Fitoterapia/efeitos adversos , Centros de Controle de Intoxicações
17.
Braz J Biol ; 74(3): 545-52, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25296201

RESUMO

Species of Plocamium are known as prolific sources of halogenated secondary metabolites exhibiting few explored ecological roles. In this study the crude extracts from specimens of P. brasiliense collected in two distinct places, Enseada do Forno and Praia Rasa, Búzios, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, were evaluated as defense against the sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus and the crab Acanthonyx scutiformis. These specimens produce a similar amount of crude extract and also halogenated monoterpene compound-types, but individuals of P. brasiliense from Praia Rasa exhibit a major compound representing about 59% of the total chemicals. Natural concentrations of the crude extracts obtained from both specimens of P. brasiliense significantly inhibited the herbivory by the sea urchin L. variegatus, but had no significant effect on the feeding by A. scutiformis, a crab commonly associated to chemically defended host. Crude extract from P. brasiliense collected at Praia Rasa was more efficient as defense against L. variegatus than that crude extract from populations of this alga from Enseada do Forno, probably due to presence of a major secondary metabolite. These two studied population live under different environmental conditions, but they are only about 30 Km apart. However, it is impossible to affirm that environmental characteristics (abiotic or biotic) would be responsible for the difference of defensive potential found in the two populations of P. brasiliense studied here. Further genetic studies will be necessary to clarify this question and to explain why populations of a single species living in different but close locations can exhibit distinct chemicals.


Assuntos
Braquiúros/fisiologia , Herbivoria/fisiologia , Plocamium/química , Ouriços-do-Mar/fisiologia , Animais , Braquiúros/classificação , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais/fisiologia , Ouriços-do-Mar/classificação
18.
J Dairy Sci ; 97(8): 4733-44, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24881790

RESUMO

Evidence has linked excessive salt consumption to the development of chronic degenerative diseases. Therefore, special attention has been given to the consumption of healthier products with reduced sodium contents. This study aimed to develop a Mozzarella cheese with a reduced sodium content using a mixture of salts through acceptance testing and temporal sensory evaluation. The following 3 formulations of Mozzarella cheese were prepared: formulation A (control), which was produced only with NaCl (0% sodium reduction), formulation B (30% sodium reduction), and formulation C (54% sodium reduction). Every formulation was produced using a mixture of salts consisting of NaCl, KCl, and monosodium glutamate at different concentrations. The products underwent sensory acceptance tests, and the time intensity and temporal dominance of sensations were evaluated. The proportions of salts used did not cause strange or bad tastes but did result in lower intensities of saltiness. Mozzarella with low sodium content (B and C) had a sensory acceptance similar to that of traditional Mozzarella (A). Therefore, the use of a mixture of salts consisting of NaCl, KCl, and monosodium glutamate is a viable alternative for the production of Mozzarella, with up to a 54% reduction in the sodium content while still maintaining acceptable sensory quality.


Assuntos
Queijo/análise , Sais/análise , Sódio na Dieta/análise , Paladar , Adulto , Animais , Comportamento do Consumidor , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/análise , Adulto Jovem
19.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 16(2,supl.1): 316-322, 2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-719459

RESUMO

O uso popular de plantas medicinais continua sendo de grande interesse para a população, principalmente em países em desenvolvimento, nos quais o acesso à medicina alopática ainda é muito restrito. Assim, além de sua importância na medicina tradicional, o conhecimento das plantas pode fornecer para a indústria farmacêutica, direta ou indiretamente, princípios ativos de interesse terapêutico. No presente trabalho foi avaliada a atividade antimicrobiana dos extratos metanólicos secos de Croton pulegioides Baill. obtidos a partir da raiz, do caule e das folhas nas concentrações de 25, 50 e 100mg/mL utilizando o método de difusão em Agar (técnica de poços) frente a cinco cepas Gram-positivas, três cepas de fungos e três cepas de bactérias Gram-negativas. Na execução do estudo foi utilizado o antibiótico Gentamicina (100µg/mL) no teste com bactérias, e Cetoconazol (300µg/mL) para as Candidas verificando-se, ao mesmo tempo, a ausência de atividade para o diluente DMSO 20% em água. Na observação dos resultados evidenciaram-se halos de inibição indicando atividade dos extratos metanólicos da raiz, caule e folhas, nas concentrações de 50 e 100mg/ml, frente Bacillus subtilis AM 04; dos extratos metanólicos da raiz e do caule, nas concentrações de 50 e 100mg/ml, frente Staphylococcus aureus AM 103 (ATCC 6538); e do extrato metanólico do caule, nas concentrações de 50 e 100mg/ml, frente S. epidermidis AM 235. Por outro lado, todos os extratos foram inativos nas concentrações avaliadas frente às bactérias Gram-negativas utilizadas no estudo (Pseudomonas aeruginosa AM 206, Escherichia coli AM 1050 e Klebsiella pneumoniae AM 410). Referente à atividade sobre fungos, os extratos metanólicos da raiz e do caule inibiram, nas três concentrações avaliadas, o crescimento de Candida tropicalis AM 1181 e C. albicans AM 1140, enquanto o extrato das folhas, inibiu o crescimento de C. tropicalis AM 1181 nas concentrações de 50 e 100mg/ml e de C. albicans AM 1140 apenas na concentração de 100mg/mL. Finalmente o extrato metanólico das folhas, na concentração de 100mg/mL, foi o único a inibir o crescimento de Candida krusei. Os resultados preliminares apresentados pelo presente trabalho sugeriram que a espécie Croton pulegioides Baill. apresentou resultados promissores quanto ao potencial antimicrobiano.


The employment of medicinal plants as a folk custom remains important to the present time, mainly in developing countries, where access to allopathic medicine is restricted. Besides their importance in traditional medicine, the knowledge on these plants can, directly or indirectly, provide information about the active ingredients involved, which may be of interest to the pharmaceutical industry. The present study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of dried methanolic extracts of Croton pulegioides Baill, extracted from its roots, stalk, and leaves, at the concentrations of 25, 50 and 100mg/ml. These were diffused in wells with an Agar medium, to which five strains of Gram-positive, three strains of fungi and three strains of Gram-negative bacteria had been added. For this study, the antibiotic Gentamicin (10µg/100µL) was used in tests with bacteria, and Ketoconazole (30µg/100µL), with Candidas. When DMSO diluted in 20% water was used, no activity was observed. The results produced evidence of inhibition halos, which indicates the activity of the methanolic extracts from the roots, stalk and leaves at the concentrations of 50 and 100 mg/ml for Bacillus subtilis AM 04; activity of the methanolic extracts from the roots and stalk at the concentrations of 50 and 100mg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus AM 103 (ATCC 6538); and activity of the methanolic extract from the stalk at the concentrations of 50 and 100mg/ml for Staphylococcus epidermidis AM 235. There was no activity in the concentrations studied for the Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa AM 206, Escherichia coli AM 1050 and Klebsiella pneumoniae AM 410). With respect to fungal activity, the methanolic extracts from the roots and stalk inhibited Candida tropicalis AM 1181 and C. albicans AM 1140 at the three concentrations studied. The extract from the leaves inhibited the growth of C. tropicalis AM 1181 at the concentrations of 50 e 100mg/ml and C. albicans AM 1140 only at the concentration of 100mg/ml. Finally, the methanolic extract from the leaves, at the concentration of 100mg/ml, was the only one to inhibit the growth of Candida krusei. Preliminary results from this study suggest that the Croton pulegioides Baill showed promising results as a potential antimicrobial agent.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/análise , Croton/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Plantas Medicinais/classificação
20.
Braz J Biol ; 73(3): 501-6, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24212689

RESUMO

Benthic marine organisms are constantly exposed to fouling, which is harmful to most host species. Thus, the production of secondary metabolites containing antifouling properties is an important ecological advantage for sessile organisms and may also provide leading compounds for the development of antifouling paints. High antifouling potential of sponges has been demonstrated in the Indian and Pacific oceans and in the Caribbean and Mediterranean seas. Brazilian sponges remain understudied concerning antifouling activities. Only two scientific articles reported this activity in sponges of Brazil. The objective of this study was to test crude extracts of twelve species of sponges from Brazil against the attachment of the mussel Perna perna through laboratorial assays, and highlight promising species for future studies. The species Petromica citrina, Amphimedon viridis, Desmapsamma anchorata, Chondrosia sp., Polymastia janeirensis, Tedania ignis, Aplysina fulva, Mycale angulosa, Hymeniacidon heliophila, Dysidea etheria, Tethya rubra, and Tethya maza were frozen and freeze-dried before extraction with acetone or dichloromethane. The crude extract of four species significantly inhibited the attachment of byssus: Tethya rubra (p = 0.0009), Tethya maza (p = 0.0039), Petromica citrina (p = 0.0277), and Hymeniacidon heliophila (p = 0.00003). These species, specially, should be the target of future studies to detail the substances involved in the ability antifouling well as to define its amplitude of action.


Assuntos
Perna (Organismo)/efeitos dos fármacos , Poríferos/química , Animais , Bioensaio , Brasil , Poríferos/classificação
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