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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253598, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355857

RESUMO

Abstract Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Malpighiales: Caryocaraceae) trees are widely distributed throughout the Cerrado ecosystem. The fruits of C. brasiliense trees are used by humans for food and as the main income source in many communities. C. brasiliense conservation is seriously threatened due to habitat loss caused by the land-use change. Sucking insects constitute an important ecological driver that potentially impact C. brasiliense survival in degraded environments. In addition, insects sampling methodologies for application in studies related to the conservation of C. brasiliense are poorly developed. In this study, sucking insects (Hemiptera) and their predators were recorded in three vertical strata of Caryocar brasiliense canopies. The distribution of sucking species showed vertical stratification along the canopy structure of C. brasiliense. The basal part of the canopy had the highest numbers of sucking insects Aphis gossypii (Glover 1877) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Bemisia tabaci (Genn. 1889) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), and their predators Chrysoperla sp. (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), spiders (Araneae), and Zelus armillatus (Lep. & Servi., 1825) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Predators' distribution follows the resource availability and preferred C. brasiliense tree parts with a higher abundance of prey.


Resumo Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Malpighiales: Caryocaraceae) é amplamente distribuído por todo o ecossistema de cerrado. Os frutos de C. brasiliense são utilizados na alimentação humana e constitui uma importante fonte de renda para muitas comunidades. A perda de habitat provocada pelas mudanças de uso da terra coloca em risco a conservação de C. brasiliense. Insetos sugadores constituem um importante fator ecológico que, potencialmente, afeta o fitness de C. brasiliense em ambientes degradados. Além disso, as metodologias de amostragem de insetos para aplicação em estudos relacionados à conservação de C. brasiliense são pouco desenvolvidas. Neste estudo, o número de insetos sugadores (Hemiptera) e seus predadores foram avaliados em três estratos verticais do dossel de C. brasiliense. A distribuição das espécies sugadoras apresentou estratificação vertical ao longo da estrutura do dossel. O estrato basal do dossel apresentou o maior número de insetos sugadores Aphis gossypii (Glover 1877) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) e Bemisia tabaci (Genn. 1889) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), e seus predadores Chrysoperla sp. (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), aranhas (Araneae) e Zelus armillatus (Lep. & Servi., 1825) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Os predadores distribuíram-se de acordo com a disponibilidade de recursos, ocorrendo em maior número nas partes do dossel com maior abundância de suas presas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Afídeos , Malpighiales , Árvores , Ecossistema , Insetos
2.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e261227, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35976355

RESUMO

The nutrient stress hypothesis predicts that galling insects prevail on host plants growing in habitats with soils of low nutritional quality. Caryocar brasiliense (Caryocaraceae) is host to four different leaf-galling insects. These insects have the potential to cause a reduction in the production of C. brasiliense fruits, an important source of income for many communities in Brazil. We studied the effects of soil physical and chemical characteristics on the abundance, species richness, and diversity of galling insects and their natural enemies on C. brasiliense trees growing under three different soil conditions. Our data corroborate the hypothesis that in nutritionally poor (e.g., lower phosphorus content) and worse physical textures (e.g., sandy) soils, host plants support higher species richness and diversity of galling insects. However, the abundance of Eurytoma sp. (the most common gall in C. brasiliense), was correlated with a higher phosphorus concentration in the soil (better nutritional condition). The percentage of galled leaflets and the area of leaflets occupied by Eurytoma sp galls were higher in the more fertile soil. In this soil, there was greater abundance, species richness, and diversity of parasitoids of Eurytoma sp. (e.g., Sycophila sp.) and predators (e.g., Zelus armillatus). Our data indicate the importance of habitat quality in the composition of the galling insect community and the impact of soil properties in mediating the distribution of these insects in C. brasiliense.


Assuntos
Malpighiales , Árvores , Animais , Biodiversidade , Insetos , Fósforo , Plantas , Solo
3.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e257975, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35588516

RESUMO

Galling insects are abundant in nature, found in many ecosystems globally, with species attacking plants of economic importance. We studied the effects of free-feeding organisms on the abundance of galling insects on Caryocar brasiliense (Caryocaraceae) trees in the Brazilian Cerrado (Savanna). Percentage of defoliation and the number of phytophagous mites or number of phytophagous Hemiptera correlated negatively with percentage of galled leaves and the parasitoid Eurytoma sp. (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae) adults, respectively. Percentage of galled leaves and the numbers of Eurytoma sp. adults and phytophagous mites correlated positively with spiders. Numbers of mites and Hemiptera phytophagous correlated positively with those of lady beetles and Sycophila sp. (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae), respectively. The number of Ablerus magistretti Blanchard (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) adults correlated negatively with Sycophila sp. The number of Agistemus sp. (Acari: Stigmaeidae) correlated, negatively and positively, with those of lady beetles and phytophagous mites, respectively. Free-feeding herbivores affected the presence of galling insects (Hymenoptera) on C. brasiliense trees, competing for food and space. The same was observed between two parasitoids of Eurytoma sp. galling insect, which can reduce the natural biological control of this pest.


Assuntos
Besouros , Hemípteros , Himenópteros , Malpighiales , Ácaros , Animais , Brasil , Ecossistema , Pradaria , Humanos , Insetos , Plantas , Árvores
4.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e253598, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35043835

RESUMO

Caryocar brasiliense Camb. (Malpighiales: Caryocaraceae) trees are widely distributed throughout the Cerrado ecosystem. The fruits of C. brasiliense trees are used by humans for food and as the main income source in many communities. C. brasiliense conservation is seriously threatened due to habitat loss caused by the land-use change. Sucking insects constitute an important ecological driver that potentially impact C. brasiliense survival in degraded environments. In addition, insects sampling methodologies for application in studies related to the conservation of C. brasiliense are poorly developed. In this study, sucking insects (Hemiptera) and their predators were recorded in three vertical strata of Caryocar brasiliense canopies. The distribution of sucking species showed vertical stratification along the canopy structure of C. brasiliense. The basal part of the canopy had the highest numbers of sucking insects Aphis gossypii (Glover 1877) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Bemisia tabaci (Genn. 1889) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), and their predators Chrysoperla sp. (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), spiders (Araneae), and Zelus armillatus (Lep. & Servi., 1825) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Predators' distribution follows the resource availability and preferred C. brasiliense tree parts with a higher abundance of prey.


Assuntos
Afídeos , Malpighiales , Animais , Ecossistema , Humanos , Insetos , Árvores
5.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 53(1): 31-8, 2000.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12138441

RESUMO

This article points out the contributions that the theory of institutional analysis can give on the study of the inter-relations between state health services and its clientele. This theoretical model has instruments that can increase the autonomy of clients and professionals, as well as improve the quality of the services provided. The methodology adopted questions the theoretical model through this essay which adopted pressumpositions, concepts and ideas from the Institutionalist Movement by Gregório Baremblitt.


Assuntos
Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Política Organizacional , Administração em Saúde Pública , Brasil , Modelos Teóricos , Enfermagem em Saúde Pública
6.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 20(2): 6-16, 1999 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11998106

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to reflect upon the difficulties experienced by the authors while doing field work in qualitative researches during their Masters and Doctoral Nursing courses.


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Pesquisa em Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/métodos
7.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 20(1): 41-56, 1999 Jan.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10948935

RESUMO

In this article we discuss the everyday re-elaborations made by the Nursing teachers about the power relations in which they are included. As a methodology we used interviews and observation of the Nursing teachers in action. We analyzed the data from the point of view of gender in a anglo-tendency and concluded that Nursing teachers, as a qualitative minority on the power relations in their work, make frequent re-elaborations about those power relations and use other matters of power to reach goals on their work relations.


Assuntos
Docentes de Enfermagem , Relações Interprofissionais , Poder Psicológico , Docentes de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Feminino , Feminismo , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Descrição de Cargo , Pesquisa Metodológica em Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
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