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1.
Blood ; 134(1): 9-21, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30940614

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare severe autoimmune disorder characterized by the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. In most cases, the underlying cause is unknown. We sought to identify genetic defects in pediatric ES (pES), based on a hypothesis of strong genetic determinism. In a national, prospective cohort of 203 patients with early-onset ES (median [range] age at last follow-up: 16.3 years ([1.2-41.0 years]) initiated in 2004, 80 nonselected consecutive individuals underwent genetic testing. The clinical data were analyzed as a function of the genetic findings. Fifty-two patients (65%) received a genetic diagnosis (the M+ group): 49 carried germline mutations and 3 carried somatic variants. Thirty-two (40%) had pathogenic mutations in 1 of 9 genes known to be involved in primary immunodeficiencies (TNFRSF6, CTLA4, STAT3, PIK3CD, CBL, ADAR1, LRBA, RAG1, and KRAS), whereas 20 patients (25%) carried probable pathogenic variants in 16 genes that had not previously been reported in the context of autoimmune disease. Lastly, no genetic abnormalities were found in the remaining 28 patients (35%, the M- group). The M+ group displayed more severe disease than the M- group, with a greater frequency of additional immunopathologic manifestations and a greater median number of lines of treatment. Six patients (all from the M+ group) died during the study. In conclusion, pES was potentially genetically determined in at least 65% of cases. Systematic, wide-ranging genetic screening should be offered in pES; the genetic findings have prognostic significance and may guide the choice of a targeted treatment.

2.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(2): 171-181, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671780

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) are associated in the definition of Evans syndrome (ES). The occurrence of neurological involvement in this population is poorly described and suggests an underlying primary immunodeficiency (PID). We aimed to describe the clinical manifestations, evolution, and PID profiles of these patients. METHODS: OBS'CEREVANCE is a French, nationwide prospective cohort that includes children with chronic ITP, AIHA, and ES. Patients with a neurological involvement were described. Centralized radiological and pathological reviews and genetic analyses were performed. RESULTS: On October 2016, eight patients (7/181 ES, 1/371 AIHA, and 0/615 ITP) were identified, all male, with a median age (range) at cytopenia onset of 11.5 years (1.6-15.8). Neurological symptoms appeared with a median delay of 6 years (2.5-18) after cytopenia and were polymorphic: seizures (n = 4), cranial nerve palsy (n = 2), Brown-Sequard syndrome (n = 2), intracranial pressure (n = 2), vertigo (n = 1), and/or sensory neuropathy (n = 1). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed inflammatory lesions, confirmed by pathology for five patients with macrophagic or lymphoplasmocytic infiltrates. All patients had other relevant immunopathological manifestations: pulmonary nodules (n = 6), lymphoproliferation (n = 4), abnormal immunophenotype (n = 8), and hypogammaglobulinemia (n = 7). Treatment consisted of steroids that improved symptomatology and MRI. Five patients relapsed and three had an asymptomatic radiological progression. A PID was identified in 3/8 patients: 22q11.2 microdeletion (n = 1) and CTLA deficiency (n = 2). CONCLUSION: Neurological involvement is a rare and severe late event in the course of childhood ES, which can reveal an underlying PID. Imaging and pathology examination highlight a causative immune dysregulation that may guide targeted therapeutic strategies.

4.
Blood Cells Mol Dis ; 66: 11-18, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28772256

RESUMO

The most frequent germline mutations responsible for non syndromic congenital sideroblastic anemia are identified in ALAS2 and SLC25A38 genes. Iron overload is a key issue and optimal chelation therapy should be used to limit its adverse effects on the development of children. Our multicentre retrospective descriptive study compared the strategies for diagnosis and management of congenital sideroblastic anemia during the follow-up of six patients with an ALAS2 mutation and seven patients with an SLC25A38 mutation. We described in depth the clinical, biological and radiological phenotype of these patients at diagnosis and during follow-up and highlighted our results with a review of available evidence and data on the management strategies for congenital sideroblastic anemia. This report confirms the considerable variability in manifestations among patients with ALAS2 or SLC25A38 mutations and draws attention to differences in the assessment and the monitoring of iron overload and its complications. The use of an international registry would certainly help defining recommendations for the management of these rare disorders to improve patient outcome.


Assuntos
5-Aminolevulinato Sintetase/genética , Anemia Sideroblástica/congênito , Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/genética , Anemia Sideroblástica/genética , Criança , Humanos , Sobrecarga de Ferro , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(12)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28748541

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare and severe disease characterized by hemolysis and positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT). Few epidemiologic indicators are available for the pediatric population. The objective of our study was to reliably estimate the number of AIHA cases in the French Aquitaine region and the incidence of AIHA in patients under 18 years old. PROCEDURE: In this retrospective study, the capture-recapture method and log-linear model were used for the period 2000-2008 in the Aquitaine region from the following three data sources for the diagnosis of AIHA: the OBS'CEREVANCE database cohort, positive DAT collected from the regional blood bank database, and the French medico-economic information system. RESULTS: A list of 281 different patients was obtained after cross-matching the three databases; 44 AIHA cases were identified in the period 2000-2008; and the total number of cases was estimated to be 48 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 45-55). The calculated incidence of the disease was 0.81/100,000 children under 18 years old per year (95% CI 0.76-0.92). CONCLUSION: Accurate methods are required for estimating the incidence of AIHA in children. Capture-recapture analysis corrects underreporting and provides optimal completeness. This study highlights a possible under diagnosis of this potentially severe disease in various pediatric settings. AIHA incidence may now be compared with the incidences of other hematological diseases and used for clinical or research purposes.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Teste de Coombs , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(11)2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28371178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the growing rate of childhood cancer cure and the risks of sequelae, long-term follow-up (FU) of survivors is a central issue. Several models have been proven far from satisfactory. Shared care FU is the result of collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and cancer centers. We sought to demonstrate the feasibility of setting up a shared care program based on the patient-centered education of GPs and to evaluate the impact of this model in an intervention study. METHODS: We compared the FU care achievement in two childhood cancer survivor cohorts in the same pediatric oncology center, (i) control group (n = 134) and (ii) intervention study cohort (n = 137), after setting up the program. RESULTS: The rate of survivors answering the survey and the rate of patients involved in FU by their GPs were higher in intervention study cohort than in baseline one (132/137 vs. 72/134 and 110/132 vs. 13/72; P ≤ 0.0001). The lack of any FU was definitely lower (10/132 vs. 18/72; P = 0.001) in the intervention study cohort. CONCLUSION: In this shared care program, survivors overcame distrust in their GP's knowledge and entered the FU program after their GPs had been involved in patient-centered education. Personalized and incentive-based guidance was very useful in helping survivors to adhere to FU. Support of a dedicated long-term FU team was very useful. A nationwide organization, consideration of special needs in subgroups of survivors and sustained funding are needed to adjust the program in the very long term.


Assuntos
Organizações de Assistência Responsáveis , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Clínicos Gerais , Neoplasias/terapia , Sobreviventes , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Br J Haematol ; 177(5): 751-758, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444729

RESUMO

Childhood autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (AIHA) requires second-line immunosuppressive therapy in 30-50% of cases. It appears that rituximab is indicated in such circumstances. This prospective national study reports the practice, efficacy and tolerance of rituximab in children with isolated AIHA and AIHA in the setting of Evans syndrome (ES). Sixty-one children were given rituximab between 2000 and 2014. The median interval from diagnosis to rituximab was 9·9 [interquartile range (IQR) 1·6-28·5] months. Forty-six patients responded (75%) and the 6-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was 48%. Twenty patients relapsed at a median interval of 10·8 (IQR 3·9-18·7) months, rituximab allowed steroid withdrawal in 44/61 (72%) of children. In isolated AIHA, complete response and 6-year RFS were significantly higher than in ES (P < 0·05). Ten out of 61 patients were infants, seven of who responded with a 6-year RFS of 71%. Among patients without immunoglobulin substitution before rituximab, 4 are still receiving substitutions. Five patients died, including one potentially attributable to rituximab. This large observational series of childhood AIHA established the rituximab benefit-risk ratio, allowing steroid withdrawal, with 37% of long-term responders, mainly in isolated AIHA. All subgroups of patients drew benefit. Our long-term results indicate the baseline to be challenged by new treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/tratamento farmacológico , Hematínicos/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Substituição de Medicamentos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(7)2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27905681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nationwide prospective cohort study exploring (i) the factors associated with treatment initiation (vs. watchful waiting) in children with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) followed in routine clinical practice and (ii) the predictors of chronicity at 12 months. PROCEDURE: Between 2008 and 2013, 23 centers throughout France consecutively included 257 children aged 6 months-18 years and diagnosed with primary ITP over a 5-year period. Data on ITP clinical features along with medical management were collected at baseline and 12 months. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine (i) and (ii) as defined above, providing odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). RESULTS: One hundred thirty-seven (53%) children were males, median age was 4.6 years, median platelet count was 7 × 109/l, and 214 (81%) patients initiated medication. Factors independently associated with treatment initiation included platelet counts <10 × 109/l (P < 0.0001) and mucocutaneous bleeding symptoms at baseline (P < 0.001). At 12 months, data were available for 211 (82%) children, of whom 160 (74%) had recovered. Predictors of chronicity included female gender (OR = 2.2; 95% CI = 1.0-4.8), age ≥10 years (OR = 2.6; 95% CI = 1.1-6.0), and platelet counts ≥10 × 109 /l (OR = 3.2; 95% CI = 1.5-6.9). CONCLUSIONS: In routine clinical practice, the decision to apply a watchful waiting strategy seems to be driven by platelet counts even in the absence of bleeding symptoms, resulting in treatment being initiated in more than 80% of the children surveyed. Overall, younger children with ITP showed good prognosis, with lower platelet counts and, to a lesser extent, male gender predicting more favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/patologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Contagem de Plaquetas , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Front Pediatr ; 3: 79, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26484337

RESUMO

Evans syndrome (ES) is a rare autoimmune disorder whose long-term outcome is not well known. In France, a collaborative pediatric network set up via the National Rare Disease Plan now provides comprehensive clinical data in children with this disease. Patients aged less than 18 years at the initial presentation of autoimmune cytopenia have been prospectively included into a national observational cohort since 2004. The definition of ES was restricted to the simultaneous or sequential association of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Cases were deemed secondary if associated with a primitive immunodeficiency or systemic lupus erythematosus. In December 2014, we analyzed the data pertaining to 156 children from 26 centers with ES whose diagnosis was made between 1981 and 2014. Median age (range) at the onset of cytopenia was 5.4 years (0.2-17.2). In 85 sequential cases, the time lapse between the first episodes of AIHA and ITP was 2.4 years (0.1-16.3). The follow-up period as from ES diagnosis was 6.5 years (0.1-28.8). ES was secondary, revealing another underlying disease, in 10% of cases; various associated immune manifestations (mainly lymphoproliferation, other autoimmune diseases, and hypogammaglobulinemia) were observed in 60% of cases; and ES remained primary in 30% of cases. Five-year ITP and AIHA relapse-free survival were 25 and 61%, respectively. Overall, 69% of children required one or more second-line immune treatments, and 15 patients (10%) died at the age of 14.3 years (1.7-28.1). To our knowledge, this is the first consistent long-term clinical description of this rare syndrome. It underscores the high rate of associated immune manifestations and the burden of long-term complications and treatment toxicity. Future challenges include (1) the identification of the underlying genetic defects inducing immune dysregulation and (2) the need to better characterize patient subgroups and second-line treatment strategies.

10.
Eur J Med Genet ; 57(11-12): 639-42, 2014 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25234363

RESUMO

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant, multi-system, neurocutaneous disorder that predisposes to the development of benign and malignant tumors with a birth incidence rate of 1 in 2500-3000. 50% of cases are sporadic. The diagnosis is exclusively based on clinical assessment with clinical diagnostic criteria such as café-au-lait spots, neurofibromas, axillary or groin freckling, Lisch nodules, optic pathway glioma, bony dysplasia and first-degree relative with NF1. We report a family with NF1 in which two members presented atypical clinical features in addition to the classical diagnostic criteria. Three relatives affected by NF1, a father and two of his three sons, are described. The clinical diagnosis was originally worn in all three cases, with the association many spots café-au -lait over the entire body and some axillary freckling as well as first-degree relative. One case presented an Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) type 2 at 10 years of age diagnosed before the revelation of bicytopenia associated pallor and isolated asthenia. A second case presented a nephrotic syndrome at 4 years of age due to the association of hydrops with headache and asthenia. Direct sequencing of NF1 led to identify the familial mutation, a previously unreported heterozygous missense mutation c.3443C > A, p.Ala1148Glu in exon 20 which segregated with all three affected patients. The family described in this report confirms the high clinical variability of NF1, even intrafamilial, and raises the question as to whether rare features such as AML and nephrotic syndrome are associated with NF1. Some NF1 patients presenting glomerular diseases or AML have rarely been reported, but due to the small number of cases described the mechanisms underlying these associations are poorly understood. However, it seems important to be aware of the possible occurrence of nephritic syndrome and/or malignant blood diseases in NF1 patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome Nefrótica/diagnóstico , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Manchas Café com Leite/diagnóstico , Manchas Café com Leite/genética , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Síndrome Nefrótica/genética , Neurofibromatose 1/genética , Neurofibromina 1/genética , Linhagem
11.
Br J Haematol ; 165(4): 545-51, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24666317

RESUMO

This study aimed to describe the clinical features and outcome of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) with leukaemic presentation in children. Among 267 patients included in the French paediatric ALCL database between 1989 and 2012, nine (3%) were described as having cytologically detectable circulating tumour cells. Clinical features combined fever (8/9), nodal and extra-nodal disease (9/9), including hepato-splenic (9/9) and lung involvement (7/9). The level of hyperleucocytosis ranged from 30 to 120 × 10(9) /l, with 12-90% of tumour cells. Diagnosis relied on a lymph node biopsy, with a positive ALK+ antibody immunostain in all nine cases, a T-cell immunophenotype in 7/9 cases and CD3 positivity in 5/9 cases. A small cell component was present in 6/9 cases. Only four patients achieved a complete remission with first-line therapy and 3/4 relapsed. Four patients are alive with a median follow-up of 31 months, two of them after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and five patients died, two of them of disease. In conclusion, ALCL with leukaemic presentation is very unusual and should be considered as high-risk lymphoma requiring new therapeutic strategies. The respective role of new agents and allogeneic HSCT in first complete remission still has to be assessed.


Assuntos
Leucocitose/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biópsia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , França , Humanos , Lactente , Antígeno Ki-1/análise , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/sangue , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/genética , Masculino , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/análise , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/análise , Recidiva , Pele/patologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Br J Haematol ; 158(5): 649-56, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22757721

RESUMO

There is little data available regarding children and adolescents with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who relapse after combined-modality treatment, even though they have a substantial chance of cure. The purpose of this national retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with recurrent/refractory HL and determine adverse prognostic factors. From 1990 to 2006, 70 patients (median age 13·9 years) with refractory (n = 31) or first relapse (n = 39) HL were identified. Median time from end of treatment to relapse was 6 months (3-56). Relapses occurred in irradiated areas in 43/70 patients. Salvage therapy consisted of chemotherapy and 50 patients received high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation. Radiotherapy was performed in 29 cases, tandem autologous transplantation in five and allograft in three. With a median follow-up of 40 months (2-140), significant prognostic factors were time to progression/relapse and response to therapy before autograft. Event-free survival and overall survival in patients with refractory disease, early relapse and late relapse were 35 ± 9%, 67 ± 11%, 76 ± 10% and 48 ± 11%, 89 ± 7% and 80 ± 10%, respectively. As progression <3 months was a major adverse prognostic factor, novel therapeutic approaches are needed for this group of patients. By contrast, patients have substantial chance of long term second remission in case of relapse >3 months.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Haematologica ; 97(11): 1743-50, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22580999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with relapses of ETV6/RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia remains to be evaluated, particularly with regards to the frequency of late relapses. We performed a long-term, follow-up retrospective study to address the outcome of patients with ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemia relapses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Among the 713 children tested for ETV6/RUNX1 enrolled into the FRALLE 93 protocol, 43 ETV6/RUNX1-positive patients relapsed (19.4%). Most were initially stratified in the low or intermediate risk groups. The median follow-up after relapse was 54.2 months. All but three received second-line salvage therapy and 16 underwent allogeneic transplantation. RESULTS: ETV6/RUNX1 had a strong effect on overall survival after relapse (3-year survival= 64.7% for positive cases versus 46.5% for negative cases) (P=0.007). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 19.4% and testes were more frequently involved in ETV6/RUNX1-positive relapses (P=0.04). In 81.4% of cases the relapses were late, early combined or isolated extramedullary relapses. The 5-year survival rate of patients with ETV6-RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapses reached 80.8% when the relapse occurred after 36 months (versus 31.2% when the relapse occurred earlier). In univariate analysis, female gender was associated with a poor survival, whereas site of relapse, age at diagnosis, leukocytosis and consolidation strategy had no effect. In multivariate analysis, only the duration of first remission remained associated with outcome. CONCLUSIONS: We found an excellent outcome for patients with ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemia relapses that occurred more than 36 months after diagnosis. The duration of first complete remission may, therefore, be a guide to define the treatment strategy for patients with relapsed ETV6/RUNX1- positive leukemia.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Antraciclinas/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cortisona/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Vincristina/administração & dosagem
15.
Eur J Cancer ; 48(11): 1700-6, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22093944

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine whether three cycles of a low-intensity chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide [500 mg/m(2) - day 1], vinblastine [6 mg/m(2) - days 1 and 8] and prednisolone [40 mg/m(2) - days 1-7] (CVP) is safe and therapeutically effective in children and adolescents with early stage nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma [nLPHL]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five children and adolescents with early stage nLPHL [median age 13 years, range 4-17 years] diagnosed between June 2005 and October 2010 in the UK and France are the subjects of this report. Staging investigations included conventional cross sectional as well as 18 fluro-deoxyglucose [FDG] PET imaging. Histology was confirmed as nLPHL by an expert pathology panel. RESULTS: Of the 45 patients, who received CVP as first line treatment, 36 [80%, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: (68; 92)] either achieved a complete remission [CR] or CR unconfirmed [CRu], the remaining nine patients achieved a partial response. All nine subsequently achieved CR with salvage chemotherapy [n=7] or radiotherapy [n=2]. Ten patients received CVP at relapse after primary treatment that consisted of surgery alone and all achieved CR. To date, only three patients have relapsed after CVP chemotherapy and all had received CVP as first line treatment at initial diagnosis. The 40-month freedom from treatment failure and overall survival for the entire cohort were 75.4% (SE ± 6%) and 100%, respectively. No significant early toxicity was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that CVP is an effective chemotherapy regimen in children and adolescents with early stage nLPHL that is well tolerated with minimal acute toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
16.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 57(6): 965-71, 2011 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21744481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To improve outcome and overall survival (OS) in high-risk neuroblastoma, NB96 induction therapy was intensified using sequential high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell rescue. PROCEDURE: Twenty children were included in this pilot study undertaken at seven reference centers in France, between May 1995 and October 1996. Induction began with one cycle of conventional chemotherapy followed by six sequential cycles of high-dose chemotherapy comprising two cycles of etoposide 800 mg/m(2)/day over 3 days, two cycles of cyclophosphamide 2,000 mg/m(2)/day over 3 days, and two cycles of carboplatin 400 mg/m(2)/day over 5 days, followed by stem cell rescue. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (13/20) received this induction with acceptable toxicity and adequate stem cell harvest. Of these, nine (9/13) underwent surgery according to the protocol, while one patient was given a consolidation regimen prior to surgery. No toxic death was recorded. At the end of induction, complete remission was achieved in 10 cases (50%), with six still alive in July 2009. The 5-year event-free survival and OS were 35 ± 11% and 40 ± 11%, respectively. CONCLUSION: NB96 therapy is feasible and tolerated without lethal toxicity. Nevertheless, given the small sample size and absence of randomization in our study, the effectiveness of this strategy based on metastasis complete response rates and long-term outcome was not superior to other intensive chemotherapy regimens.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neuroblastoma/diagnóstico , Projetos Piloto , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cancer Genet ; 204(6): 340-3, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21763632

RESUMO

Metanephric stromal tumor is a rare benign entity belonging to the group of metanephric renal tumors in children. Although metanephric stromal tumors can be cured by simple nephrectomy, differential diagnosis based on histopathologic criteria with other pediatric renal tumors requiring aggressive chemotherapy can be difficult. To our knowledge, cytogenetic characterization of metanephric stromal tumor has never been reported. We describe conventional ("R-bands" karyotyping) and molecular [fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), multicolor FISH, oligo array-comparative genomic hybridization] cytogenetic examinations of a metanephric stromal tumor in a 3-year-old boy. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a complex homogeneous gain between bands 17q22 and 17q25.3, resulting in partial triplication of the segment between bands 17q22 and 17q24.3, and duplication of the segment between bands 17q24.3 and 17q25.3. Cytogenetic confirmatory studies in metanephric stromal tumors are currently needed to assess 17q22q25.3 gain as a recurring cytogenetic abnormality of metanephric stromal tumors.


Assuntos
Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17 , Rearranjo Gênico , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Biópsia por Agulha , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino
18.
Clin Cancer Res ; 17(1): 31-8, 2011 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21208904

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Germline hSNF5/INI1 mutations are responsible for hereditary cases of rhabdoid tumors (RT) that constitute the rhabdoid predisposition syndrome (RPS). Our study provides the first precise overview of the prevalence of RPS within a large cohort of RT. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: hSNF5/INI1 coding exons were investigated by sequencing and by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. RESULTS: Seventy-four constitutional DNAs from 115 apparently sporadic RT were analyzed from 1999 to 2009. Germline mutations were found in 26 patients (35%). Data from 9 individuals from 5 RPS families (siblings) were also studied. The median age at diagnosis was much lower (6 months) in patients with germline mutation (P < 0.01) than in patients without (18 months). Nevertheless, 7 of 35 patients with germline mutation (20%) developed the disease after 2 years of age. The mutation could be detected in only 1 parent whereas germline blood DNA was wild type in the 20 other parent pairs, therefore indicating the very high proportion of germ-cell mosaicism or of de novo mutations in RPS. The former hypothesis could be clearly documented in 1 case in which prenatal diagnosis was positive in a new pregnancy. Finally, the 2 years' overall survival was 7% in mutated and 29% in wild-type patients, mainly due to the worse outcome of RT in younger patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show a high proportion of germline mutations in patients with RT that can be found at any age and up to 60% in the youngest patients. Genetic counseling is recommended given the low but actual risk of familial recurrence.


Assuntos
Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico , Proteína SMARCB1 , Adulto Jovem
19.
Environ Health Perspect ; 119(4): 566-72, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21147599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traffic is a source of environmental exposures, including benzene, which may be related to childhood leukemia. OBJECTIVES: A national registry-based case-control study [ESCALE (Etude Sur les Cancers et les Leucémies de l'Enfant, Study on Environmental and Genetic Risk Factors of Childhood Cancers and Leukemia)] carried out in France was used to assess the effect of exposure to road traffic exhaust fumes on the risk of childhood leukemia. METHODS: Over the study period, 2003-2004, 763 cases and 1,681 controls < 15 years old were included, and the controls were frequency matched with the cases on age and sex. The ESCALE data were collected by a standardized telephone interview of the mothers. Various indicators of exposure to traffic and pollution were determined using the geocoded addresses at the time of diagnosis for the cases and of interview for the controls. Indicators of the distance from, and density of, main roads and traffic nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) concentrations derived from traffic emission data were used. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using unconditional regression models adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: Acute leukemia (AL) was significantly associated with estimates of traffic NO(2) concentration at the place of residence > 27.7 µg/m(3) compared with NO(2) concentration < 21.9 µg/m(3) [OR=1.2; confidence interval (CI), 1.0-1.5] and with the presence of a heavy-traffic road within 500 m compared with the absence of a heavy-traffic road in the same area (OR=2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-3.6). There was a significant association between AL and a high density of heavy-traffic roads within 500 m compared with the reference category with no heavy-traffic road within 500 m (OR=2.2; 95% CI, 1.1-4.2), with a significant positive linear trend of the association of AL with the total length of heavy-traffic road within 500 m. CONCLUSION: This study supports the hypothesis that living close to heavy-traffic roads may increase the risk of childhood leukemia.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Automóveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Leucemia/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Exposição por Inalação/estatística & dados numéricos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Medição de Risco , Emissões de Veículos/toxicidade
20.
Horm Res Paediatr ; 73(5): 405-8, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20389113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cushing's syndrome (CS), rare in children, is due to pituitary or, less frequently, to adrenocortical tumors. Ectopic adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) secretion is exceptional. METHOD: A case of apparently ACTH-independent CS in a child is reported. RESULTS: CS was due to an adrenal ganglioneuroma where neuroendocrine cells were immunopositive for ACTH responsible for the syndrome through a paracrine effect. Cortical cell hyperplasia was observed. CONCLUSION: Benign and differentiated tumors of the neural crest such as ganglioneuromas may be responsible for CS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/patologia , Síndrome de Cushing/etiologia , Ganglioneuroma/patologia , Adolescente , Neoplasias do Córtex Suprarrenal/diagnóstico , Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/metabolismo , Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Cushing/patologia , Feminino , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico , Hormônios Ectópicos/metabolismo , Humanos
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