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1.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 27: 307-313, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391250

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer affects women of different ages, and comorbidities resulting from treatment can affect postural stability. The study aimed to evaluate the influence of age and lymphedema on the postural balance of women undergoing breast cancer treatment. METHODS: The study included 77 women undergoing breast cancer treatment, divided into different groups: 37 young adult women divided into 17 with lymphedema (GYL) and 20 young adults without lymphedema (GY); 40 elderly women, 20 elderly women with lymphedema (GEL) and 20 elderly women without lymphedema (GE). Mini Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini BESTest) and Falls Efficacy Scale - International (FES-I) were used. RESULTS: Mini BESTest and FES-I between the groups showed that GE and GEL had a significant difference to GY. Mini BESTest Total and Time Up and Go TUG-Double Task showed that GE has a significant difference to GYL, with GE and GEL having lower scores. Moderate negative correlation in the GEL between FES-I and Mini BESTest. In the age correlation between the Mini BESTest, FES-I, TUG, and double task TUG, a moderate positive correlation was observed for TUG. GEL showed a moderate positive correlation for FES-I and double-task TUG, strong for TUG, and moderate negative correlation with Mini BESTest. Correlation of the volume difference between the limb affected and not affected by lymphedema and the FES-I, Mini BESTest, TUG, and TUG double task, GYL showed moderate negative correlation for TUG. CONCLUSION: Age and lymphedema influenced the dynamic postural balance of women undergoing breast cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Linfedema , Acidentes por Quedas , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Equilíbrio Postural , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(3): e281-e290, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33487498

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the static posture in patients with Angle Class II and III malocclusions in the first 2 months after orthognathic surgery. METHODS: This was a longitudinal observational study. Eligible participants were adult patients who had an indication of orthognathic surgery (bilateral sagittal split osteotomy of the maxilla and/or mandible, can be associated or not with genioplasty). Thirty-five patients were evaluated from the orthognathic surgery group (OSG) and control group (CG). Measurements in OSG were performed at 3 time points: preoperative orthognathic surgery (P0), first postoperative month (P1), and second postoperative month (P2). Static posture was evaluated using the PostureScreen Mobile (PostureCo Inc, Trinity, Fla) application in 4 views. RESULTS: Patients with Angle Class II malocclusion in the OSG evidenced a tendency to a left hip translation at P1 with a significant difference at P2 in the anterior view (P = 0.052). In the right lateral view, patients with Angle Class II malocclusion in the OSG at P1 presented an accentuated anterior shoulder translation when compared with CG (P <0.001). At P1, patients with Angle Class II malocclusion in the OSG showed a significant anterior knee translation compared with the CG and OSG at P0 and P2 (P <0.001 for all). Patients in the OSG with Angle Class III malocclusion presented an average posterior head translation in the right lateral view at P1 when compared with those in the CG and OSG at P0, who presented an anterior translation (P = 0.0008). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a realignment of static posture in the first 2 months after orthognathic surgery.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Adulto , Cefalometria , Seguimentos , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Mandíbula , Maxila , Osteotomia de Le Fort , Postura
3.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil ; 31(3): 447-452, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28946542

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors have side effects from surgical treatment and adjuvant that may acutely or chronically compromise the musculoskeletal system, resulting in loss of muscle strength. OBJECTIVE: Handgrip strength and electromyography of the upper limbs and its relationship with dominance in women submitted to surgery for breast cancer. METHODS: Were evaluated 28 women. The handgrip strength was measured through dynamometer associated with electromyographic, in the muscles: descending trapezius, biceps brachial, triceps brachial, extensor carpi ulnaris, radial extensor carpi and superficial flexor of wrist and fingers. RESULTS: Reduction in grip strength on the side affected by the surgery, that occurred when the surgery was performed on the non-dominant side. The electromyographic showed significant differences in affected side. This shows the need to consider the affected side by surgery and dominance. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased grip strength and lower electromyographic activity of upper limb affected by surgery for breast cancer, when the side affected was not the dominant this loss was greater.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Eletromiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
Lymphat Res Biol ; 15(4): 343-348, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28956696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This aim of this study was to assess and compare arterial and venous circulation in women with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) before and after breast cancer surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-two women took part in the study, divided into three groups: those undergoing ALND at levels I, II, and III (ALNDG), with mean age of 56.29 ± 10.85 years old; those undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNBG), with mean age of 57.7 ± 7.07 years old; and controls without diagnosis of breast cancer (CG), with mean age of 53.92 ± 8.85 years old. Maximum venous and arterial flow velocities in upper limbs were assessed before and after surgical treatment for breast cancer by means of Doppler ultrasonography (Nicolet Vascular Versalab SE®). Data normality was assessed by using the Shapiro-Wilk's test, with normally distributed variables being analyzed with analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post hoc Tukey's test or t-test. For variables with non-normal distribution, Kruskal-Wallis' test and post hoc Dunn's test were used at p < 0.05. There was significant difference in the maximum blood flow velocities, both venous (ALNDG) and arterial (SLNBG). CONCLUSION: The results suggest that ALND and SLNB can interfere with the upper limp blood circulation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/efeitos adversos , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Superior/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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