Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 128
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
World Neurosurg ; 132: 219-222, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome (LS) is a cancer-predisposing condition resulting from germline mutations in deoxyribonucleic acid mismatch repair genes. Patients are at high risk for a multitude of tumors, but no reports of undifferentiated sellar carcinomas have previously been described. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old female with LS due to MSH2 and MSH6 mutations presented with panhypopituitarism and a sellar mass. She was initially diagnosed with pituitary apoplexy and treated nonoperatively. The mass self-resolved. The mass recurred 2 years later, and she underwent endoscopic endonasal biopsy demonstrating an undifferentiated carcinoma of the sella with MSH2 and MSH6 loss. The tumor was negative for pituitary markers and weakly positive for p63. The patient further developed lung and bone metastases and was treated with radiation and chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of an undifferentiated carcinoma of the sella. Our patient harbored a diagnosis of LS and demonstrated local tumor recurrence and aggressive systemic progression. Patients with LS should undergo close follow-up and active surveillance to detect and treat these aggressive lesions in a timely manner.

2.
Oral Oncol ; 97: 124-130, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521053

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) patients who did not complete their planned curative radiation therapy (RT). METHODS: OPC Patients who received less than planned curative RT dose between 2002 and 2016 were identified for analysis. HPV status was assessed. Radiation dose was normalized for fractionation variations using biological effective doses assuming tumor α/ß = 10 Gy [BED10]. Outcomes were compared using BED10. Multivariable and univariable analysis identified OS predictors. RESULTS: From a total of 80 patients who did not complete therapy, 64 patients were eligible for analysis. RT incompletion was due to: RT side effects (n = 23), patients' decision (n = 21), disease progression or metastases (n = 3), and other causes (n = 7). Median BED10 (Gy) was 56.2 for the HPV-positive and 58 for the HPV-negative. Three-year OS was 74% vs 13% (p < 0.001) for the HPV-positive (n = 29) and HPV-negative (n = 24), respectively. HPV-positive patients who received BED10 ≥55 had higher OS than those received BED10 <55 (94% vs 47%, p = 0.002) while no difference in OS by BED10 ≥55 vs <55 for the HPV-negative (12 vs 13%, p = NS). HPV-positive status was associated with a higher OS (HR 12.5, 95% CI, 4.54 to 33.3, p < 0.001). A total of 37 patients were available to estimate TD50 for local control assessment. TD50 (BED10) was estimated at 60.5 Gy for HPV-negative patients compared to 27.2 Gy for HPV-positive patients. CONCLUSION: Overall, in patients with incomplete treatment, HPV-positive OPC patients demonstrated a better OS compared to HPV-negative patients. HPV-positive patients who received BED10 ≥55 have higher rates of OS.

3.
Eur J Cancer ; 118: 112-120, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of cisplatin cumulative dose (CDDP-D) and smoking pack-years (PYs) on cause-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) in human papillomavirus-positive (HPV+) oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPSCC) using the eighth edition tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging classification (TNM8). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed patients with HPV+ OPSCC treated with high-dose CDDP and intensity-modulated radiotherapy between 2005 and 2015 at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. CSS and OS were compared according to CDDP-D <200/=200/>200 mg/m2 stratified by TNM8. RESULTS: A total of 482 consecutive patients were evaluated (stage I/II/III: N = 189/174/119; CDDP-D <200/=200/>200 mg/m2: N = 112/220/150). Median follow-up duration was 5.1 years (range: 0.6-12.8). Five-year CSS and OS differed by stages I/II/III: 96%/85%/88% (p=0.005) and 93%/84%/78% (p = 0.001), respectively. Five-year CSS by CDDP-D <200/=200/>200 mg/m2 was similar in stage I (98%/95%/95%, p = 0.74) and stage II (88%/84%/84%, p = 0.86) but different in stage III (76%/98%/84%, p = 0.02). Five-year OS by CDDP-D <200/=200/>200 mg/m2 did not differ significantly among stages. In the multivariable analysis, CDDP-D <200 mg/m2 did not influence CSS in the whole cohort versus = 200/>200 mg/m2 (p=0.53/0.79, respectively) but was associated with reduced CSS in stage III subgroup versus =200 mg/m2 (=200 mg/m2 versus < 200 mg/m2 hazard ratio [HR] = 0.08; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.01-0.67; p = 0.02). Higher smoking PYs had no effect on CSS (p = 0.34) but reduced OS in the whole cohort (HR = 1.14 [95% CI: 1.02-1.27], p=0.01). CONCLUSION: CDDP-D correlated with neither survival nor disease-specific outcomes in this large and homogeneous HPV+ cohort, although reduced CSS was observed in stageIII HPV+ OPSCC receiving CDDP-D <200 mg/m2. Smoking PYs were negatively associated with OS but not with CSS.

4.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269236

RESUMO

In cancer epidemiological studies, determination of human papillomavirus (HPV) in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) typically depends on the availability of tumor tissue testing, and/or tumor tissue access. Identifying alternative methods for estimating HPV status can improve the quality of such studies when tissue is unavailable. We developed multiple predictive models for tumor HPV status and prognosis by combining both clinico-epidemiological variables and either serological multiplex assays of HPV or multiple imputation of HPV status (HPVmi ). Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of these methods compared to either p16 immunostaining (p16 IHC) or survival were assessed. When compared to a reference of tumor tissue p16 IHC in 783 OPSCC patients, the clinic-HPVsero model incorporating a composite of 20 HPV serological antibodies (HPVsero ) and 4 clinical factors (c-index: 0.96) performed better than using HPVsero (c-index: 0.92) or HPVmi (c-index: 0.76) alone. However, the model that contained a single HPV16 E6 antibody combined with four clinical variables, performed extremely well (clinic-s1-16E6; c-index: 0.95). When defining HPV status by HPVsero , s1-16E6, HPVmi or through p16 IHC, each of these definitions demonstrated improved overall and disease-free survival in HPV-positive OPSCC patients, when compared to HPV-negative patients (adjusted hazard ratios between 0.25 and 0.63). Our study demonstrates that when blood samples are available, a model that utilizes a single s1-16E6 antibody combined with several clinical features has excellent test performance characteristics to estimate HPV status and prognosis. When neither blood nor tumor tissue is available, multiple imputation, calibrated on local population characteristics, remains a viable, but suboptimal option.

5.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 104(5): 1017-1027, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953712

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify adverse radiologic nodal features in cN+ TNM-8 stage I human papillomavirus-related (HPV+) oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: All patients with HPV+ cT1-T2cN1 OPC treated with definitive intensity modulated radiation therapy from 2008 to 2015 were included. Radiologically involved lymph node number (LN), radiologic extranodal extension (rENE), retropharyngeal LN (RPLN), and lower neck (level 4 or 5b) LN involvement were assessed on pre-treatment computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging by a specialized head and neck neuroradiologist. Disease-free survival (DFS), locoregional control, and distant control were compared between those with versus without rENE. Univariable and multivariable analysis with stepwise modal selection were applied to identify prognostic factors for DFS. RESULTS: A total of 45 rENE+ and 234 rENE- were identified. The rENE+ cohort had a higher number of LNs per patient (median: 6 vs 2, P < .001) and was more likely to have necrotic LNs (33 [73%] vs 132 [56%], P = .046). Median follow-up was 4.8 years. Although locoregional control was high in both cohorts (93% vs 97%, P = .34), the rENE+ group had inferior 5-year distant control (78% [59-88] vs 95% [91-97], P < .001) and DFS (58% [43-77] vs 90% [86-94], P < .001). In multivariable analysis, rENE+ (HR [hazard ratio] 4.3 [2.3-8.1], P < .001], T2 (vs T1) category (HR 2.1 [1.0-4.2], P = .039), smoking pack-years (HR 1.02 [1.0-1.03], P = .013), and the addition of systemic agents (HR 0.4 [0.2-0.8], P = .005) were prognostic for DFS. RPLN was prognostic for distant metastasis (HR 3.2, P = .013) but not for DFS after adjusting for rENE. CONCLUSIONS: Data from this contemporaneously treated cT1-T2N1 HPV+ OPC cohort suggest that the presence of rENE is an independent prognostic factor within stage I HPV+ OPC. RPLN is also associated with DM risk but not with DFS.

6.
Arch Pathol Lab Med ; 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30500292

RESUMO

The International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to develop evidence-based, universally available surgical pathology reporting data sets. Standardized pathologic reporting for cancers facilitates improved communication for patient care and prognosis and the comparison of data between countries to progressively improve clinical outcomes. Laryngeal cancers are often accompanied by significant morbidity, although surgical advances (such as transoral endoscopic laser microresection and transoral robotic surgery) provide new alternatives. The anatomy of the larynx is complex, with an understanding of the exact anatomic sites and subsites, along with recognizing anatomic landmarks, being crucial to classification and prognostication. This review outlines the data set developed for the histopathology reporting in Carcinomas of the Hypopharynx, Larynx and Trachea and discusses the main elements required and recommended for reporting.

7.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1800684, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30188786

RESUMO

Purpose The College of American Pathologists produced an evidence-based guideline on testing, application, interpretation, and reporting of human papillomavirus (HPV) and surrogate marker tests in head and neck carcinomas that was determined to be relevant to the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) membership. Methods The College of American Pathologists HPV Testing in Head and Neck Carcinomas guideline was reviewed by ASCO content experts for clinical accuracy and by methodologists for developmental rigor. On favorable review, an ASCO Expert Panel was convened to review the guideline contents and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the HPV Testing in Head and Neck Carcinomas guideline, published in 2018, are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence. ASCO endorsed the guideline and added minor qualifying statements. Recommendations It is recommended that HPV tumor status should be determined for newly diagnosed oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas. HPV tumor status testing may be performed by surrogate marker p16 immunohistochemistry either on the primary tumor or from cervical nodal metastases only if an oropharyngeal primary tumor is present. The threshold for positivity is at least 70% nuclear and cytoplasmic expression with at least moderate to strong intensity. Additional confirmatory testing may be done at the discretion of the pathologist and/or treating clinician. Pathologists should not routinely determine HPV tumor status in nonsquamous carcinomas of the oropharynx or non-oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck. When there is uncertainty of histologic type or whether a poorly differentiated oropharyngeal tumor is nonsquamous, HPV tumor status testing may be warranted and at the discretion of the pathologist and/or treating clinician. Additional information is available at: www.asco.org/head-neck-cancer-guidelines .

9.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 102(4): 698-708, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29970315

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the accuracy and prognostication of the presence of radiologic extranodal extension (rENE) versus pathologic extranodal extension (pENE) in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective review was conducted for all newly diagnosed OSCC patients who underwent neck dissection in our institution from 2010 to 2015 with available records of preoperative computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Two head and neck neuroradiologists reviewed the presence of rENE (defined as ill-defined lymph node borders) on imaging independently, being blinded regarding the pathology report. The impact of the imaging-surgery interval, imaging modalities, and intrarater and interrater concordance of rENE was assessed. The diagnostic accuracy of rENE versus pENE was evaluated. Overall survival (OS) was compared between those with and without rENE. Multivariate analysis evaluated the prognostic value of rENE. RESULTS: Among the 508 patients, rENE and pENE were identified in 57 and 121 cases, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of rENE versus pENE was identical (73%) for cases with the imaging-surgery interval ≤4 weeks (n = 276) and 4 to 8 weeks (n = 207) but lower (48%) for those >8 weeks (n = 25). Computed tomography displayed higher accuracy on rENE assessment versus magnetic resonance imaging (80% vs 63%, P = .011). Interrater and intrarater concordance (n = 93) was good (κ = 0.79) and excellent (κ = 0.94), respectively. Excluding the 25 cases with a >8 weeks imaging-surgery interval, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of rENE versus pENE in the remaining 483 cases were 52%, 96%, 93%, and 66%, respectively. Patients with rENE (n = 55) had inferior OS versus those without rENE (n = 202), and both had lower OS than node-negative (n = 226) patients (3-year OS: 31% vs 68% vs 81%, P < .001). Multivariate analysis, adjusted for age, T category, N category, and performance status, confirmed the prognostic value of rENE for OS (hazard ratio 3.3, 95% confidence interval 2.4-5.3, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: This large cohort study shows a high specificity but low sensitivity of rENE for pENE. Similar to pENE, the presence of rENE is associated with reduced survival in OSCC.

10.
Oral Oncol ; 82: 162-167, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29909891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: (1) To estimate the prevalence of radiographically positive Retro-Pharyngeal Lymph Nodes (RPLN) in unknown primary carcinoma of the head and neck and (2) to determine the prognostic implications of radiographically positive RPLN and other radiographic features (3) to identify patients at low risk for retropharyngeal metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all 68 eligible patients treated at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre between 2000 and 2014 were retrospectively reviewed for demographic, clinical, pathologic, and radiologic data. Radiologic data included: RPLN, extra capsular spread (ECS), neck staging and cystic/necrotic or matted neck nodes. LRR, DR, DFS and OS were estimated using the competing risk methods and the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Seven patients had concerning RPLN (10.3%). Forty-four patients were p16 positive (65%). RPLN status did not have any effect on LRR, DFS, DR and OS. Radiological ECS and p16 (neg.) status were found to be significant predictors of LRR (p = 0.023; p = 0.014). Matted nodes, radiological ECS and p16 (neg.) status were found to be significant predictors of DFS (p = 0.012; p < 0.001; p = 0.014). Matted nodes and radiological ECS were found to be significant predictors of OS (p = 0.017; p = 0.0036). Only radiological ECS was found to be a significant predictor of distant recurrence (p = 0.0066). CONCLUSIONS: 10% of CUP patients will harbor radiological positive RPLN. A large proportion of CUP patients are positive for p16. Radiologic features such as ECS and matted nodes can predict worse outcomes.

11.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2018 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845478

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are epithelial neoplasms showing morphologic, immunophenotypic or ultrastructural evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation. The 2017 WHO Classification of Head and Neck Tumours classifies NECs into well, moderately and poorly differentiated NECs according to light microscopic features, mitotic rate and presence of tumour necrosis. In this study, we performed next generation sequencing (NGS) using a targeted 161 cancer gene panel on a poorly differentiated NEC of the nasal cavity. The tumour was composed of large cells arranged in poorly formed glands and solid nests. The mitotic count rate was 30/10 HPFs and p53 protein was strongly expressed in all tumour cells. NGS identified a missense mutation, c.764T > G (p.Ile255Ser) in the TP53 gene with an allele frequency of 85%. This mutation results in an isoleucine to serine substitution and a non-functional protein. No other mutations were identified. These results suggest that TP53 mutations may drive oncogenesis in poorly differentiated NECs of the head and neck.

12.
Head Neck Pathol ; 12(1): 1-8, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29557536

RESUMO

Primary neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) of the larynx and head and neck are an uncommon and heterogeneous group of neoplasms categorized by the 2017 WHO Classification of Head and Neck Tumors as: (a) well-differentiated (WD-NEC), (b) moderately-differentiated (MD-NEC), and (c) poorly-differentiated (PD-NEC) with small cell and large cell types. The classification incorporates elements of differentiation and grading and closely correlates to the 5-year disease specific survival of 100, 52.8, 19.3 and 15.3% for each diagnostic category. These survival rates are based on historical data limited by the previous lack of standard pathologic diagnostic criteria. The classification has de-emphasized the use of the terms "carcinoid" and "atypical carcinoid" as diagnostic categories. The adoption of uniform pathologic criteria for the classification of NECs of the head and neck should enable the design of high quality studies in order to understand the molecular alterations of these neoplasms.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/classificação , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/classificação , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Gradação de Tumores/normas , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/classificação , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Oncologia/métodos , Oncologia/normas , Gradação de Tumores/métodos
13.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 42(4): 442-452, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29443014

RESUMO

Intraductal carcinoma (IC) is the World Health Organization designation for lesions previously called low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma. The relationship of IC to salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is controversial, but currently these are considered distinct entities. It is hypothesized that IC and SDC should have different genomic signatures that may be identifiable by next-generation sequencing. A total of 23 ICs were identified: 14 pure IC and 9 invasive carcinomas with an intraductal component. Five invasive carcinomas were subjected to next-generation paired-end RNA sequencing. Data analysis was performed using FusionSeq and Mutation detection algorithms (MuTect and VarScan) for variant callers. Gene fusion candidates were validated by fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and mutations by Sanger sequencing. Among the 9 invasive carcinomas, all except 1 were apocrine SDCs with an intraductal component. The remaining case showed typical intercalated duct type IC with invasive adenocarcinoma. The 14 pure ICs had typical intercalated duct features (2 showed hybrid intercalated/apocrine features). RNA sequencing predicted a NCOA4-RET fusion, confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, in the intercalated duct type IC invasive component. Six additional cases of pure IC showed RET rearrangement by fluorescence in situ hybridization (7/15=47%). No apocrine carcinomas showed RET rearrangement. RNA sequencing and Sanger sequencing identified PIK3CA (p.E545K/p.H1047R) and/or HRAS (p.Q61R) hotspot mutations in 6 of 8 (75%) apocrine carcinomas. In conclusion, 2 distinctive types of intraductal lesions are emerging based on molecular analysis. Classic intercalated type ICs commonly harbor fusions involving RET and rarely show widespread invasion. Apocrine intraductal lesions are typically associated with widespread invasion with no pure examples and show similar PIK3CA and HRAS mutations to SDC.

14.
Head Neck Pathol ; 12(4): 587-591, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29302900

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine carcinomas of the head and neck are rare and are classified as well differentiated, moderately differentiated, and poorly differentiated carcinomas with the latter category being subdivided into small cell and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC). While most carcinomas in the nasopharynx are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), there has been only one previous report demonstrating a link between EBV and LCNEC of the nasopharynx. In this report we describe a second case of EBV-positive LCNEC arising in the nasopharynx with bilateral cervical metastases. The patient was treated with a combination of radiation and chemotherapy which resulted in a complete clinical and radiological response. The patient is still disease free 3 years after presentation. The results of this case suggest that EBV-positive LCNEC is sensitive to chemoradiotherapy and as a result may have better prognosis than EBV-negative LCNEC arising in the nasopharynx or other sites.

15.
Head Neck ; 39(8): 1524-1534, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28580605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinicoradiologic characteristics of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related (HPV-positive) and HPV-unrelated (HPV-negative) oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC). METHODS: Primary tumor and lymph node features of HPV-positive and HPV-negative OPCs from 2008 to 2013 were compared on pretreatment CT/MRI. Intrarater/interrater concordance was assessed. Multivariable analyses identified factors associated with HPV-positivity to be used in nomogram construction. RESULTS: Compared to HPV-negative (n = 194), HPV-positive (n = 488) tumors were more exophytic (73% vs 63%; p = .02) with well-defined border (58% vs 47%; p = .033) and smaller axial dimensions; lymph node involvement predominated (89% vs 69%; p < .001) with cystic appearance (45% vs 32%; p = .009) but similar topography. Intrarater/interrater concordance varied (fair to excellent). Nomograms combining clinical (age, sex, smoking pack-years, subsite, T/N classification) and/or radiologic (nonnecrotic tumor and cystic lymph node) features were used to weigh the likelihood of HPV-driven tumors (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.84). CONCLUSION: HPV-positive OPC has different radiologic tumor (exophytic/well-defined border/smaller axial dimension) and lymph node (cystic) features but similar lymph node topography.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Radiologia
16.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 98(4): 858-867, 2017 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28258893

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the impact of tumor human papillomavirus (HPV) status, comorbidity, polypharmacy, and treatment intensity on overall survival (OS) of elderly oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: All elderly (>70 years) OPC patients receiving definitive (chemo-) radiation therapy in 2000 to 2013 were reviewed. Charlson comorbidity index (CCI, comorbidity alone) and the comorbidity-polypharmacy score (CPS, comorbidity and medication) were calculated. Overall survival was compared between HPV-positive (HPV+) and HPV-negative (HPV-) cohorts. Multivariable analyses (MVA) incorporating either the CCI (MVA-CCI) or the CPS (MVA-CPS) identified survival predictors. RESULTS: Among 231 of 287 patients (80%) with p16 staining, 117 were HPV+ and 114 HPV-. Systemic treatments were administered in 48 patients (21%) (chemotherapy 17; epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor 31). The distribution of CCI (P=.59), CPS (P=.23), and age (P=.50) were similar between HPV+ versus HPV- cohorts. Median follow-up was 4.3 years. The HPV+ patients had better 5-year OS (57% vs 32%, P<.001) versus HPV- patients. Multivariable analysis adjusted for T-/N-category confirmed that HPV+ status (MVA-CCI: hazard ratio [HR] 0.58, P=.01; MVA-CPS: HR 0.60, P=.02), Zubrod scale score (0-1) (MVA-CCI: HR 0.44, P<.001; MVA-CPS: HR 0.43, P<.001), and higher radiation therapy dose (MVA-CCI: HR 0.97, P=.001; MVA-CPS: HR 0.96, P<.001) were correlated with higher OS. A marginal inverse correlation between CPS and OS was observed in the entire cohort (HR 1.05, P=.05) and was stronger for the HPV+ cohort (HR 1.11, P=.02). Nonsignificant higher OS was also found with ≤20 pack-years of smoking (MVA-CCI: P=.10; MVA-CPS: P=.15) and with systemic treatments (MVA-CCI: P=.13; MVA-CPS: P=.19). No association with OS was found for CCI (P=.46). CONCLUSION: Elderly HPV+ OPC patients have longer survival than their HPV- counterparts. Lower Zubrod scale score and higher radiation therapy dose are associated with longer OS, whereas fewer smoking pack-years and systemic agents have nonsignificant associations. Comorbidity-polypharmacy score, but not CCI, is correlated with OS, especially in HPV+ patients, suggesting the potential importance of assessing polypharmacy in addition to comorbidity burden in this population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Papillomaviridae , Polimedicação , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/mortalidade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Fumar/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 98(1): 159-169, 2017 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28258895

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the outcome of ipsilateral radiation therapy (RT) in human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive (HPV+) patients and HPV-negative (HPV-) patients with T1-T2N0-N2b tonsillar cancer treated 25 years after our initial historical cohort. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with T1-T2N0-N2b tonsillar cancer who received ipsilateral RT or bilateral RT between 1999 and 2014 were reviewed. Overall survival (OS), local control (LC), regional control (RC), and grade 3 to 4 late toxicity (LT) were compared between ipsilateral RT and bilateral RT within HPV+ and HPV- patients, separately. RESULTS: HPV status was ascertained in 379/427 (88%) consecutive patients (ipsilateral RT: 62 HPV+, 34 HPV-; bilateral RT: 240 HPV+ 240, 41 HPV-). The proportion of ipsilateral RT by N category for HPV+ and HPV- patients were as follows: N0: 24/37 (65%) versus 28/48 (74%); N1: 21/49 (43%) versus 4/9 (44%); N2a: 10/39 (26%) versus 1/4 (25%); and N2b: 7/177 (4%) versus 1/24 (4%), respectively. Of the patients receiving ipsilateral RT, 94/96 (98%) were treated with RT alone. The median follow-up time was 5.03 years. The respective 5-year rates of OS, LC, RC, and LT were similar between ipsilateral RT and bilateral RT for the HPV+ patients (OS: 89% vs 87%, P=.55; LC: 97% vs 98%, P=.65; RC: 98% vs 97%, P=.27; LT: 17% vs 12%, P=.83) and HPV- patients (OS: 63% vs 48%, P=.27; LC: 90% vs 80%, P=.19; RC: 94% vs 83%, P=.14; LT: 15% vs 22%, P=.36). Of the 96 patients receiving ipsilateral RT, contralateral neck failure (CNF) occurred in 1/52 HPV+ patients and 1/34 HPV- patients. The 5-year CNF rates were 2% (95% CI: 1-9) (HPV+: 2% [0-14]; HPV-: 3% [0-21], P=.66). Five local failures (2 HPV+; 3 HPV-) and no distant failures were seen. The 5-year rates of LC, RC, and LT were 97% versus 90% (P=.24), 98% versus 94% (P=.25), and 18% versus 15% (P=.75) for the HPV+ and HPV- cohorts, respectively. Osteoradionecrosis occurred in 9 patients: 6/47 (13%) treated with conventional RT and 3/49 (6%) with intensity modulated RT (P=.32). CONCLUSION: Ipsilateral radiation to selected patients with T1-T2N0-N2b tonsillar cancer results in equally excellent outcomes regardless of tumor HPV status.


Assuntos
Papillomaviridae , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Neoplasias Tonsilares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Tonsilares/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteorradionecrose/etiologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Lesões por Radiação/patologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia Conformacional/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias Tonsilares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Tonsilares/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Head Neck Pathol ; 11(4): 537-540, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28197925

RESUMO

Pituitary adenomas presenting in uncommon anatomical locations are commonly misdiagnosed. Dramatic clinical presentation with hemorrhage and infarction, along with a lack of endocrine symptoms may further confound the diagnosis in some patients as illustrated in one of our two previously reported cases of non-small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the sinonasal tract and nasopharynx. This report presents the clinical progress of case number 2, which has a revised diagnosis of giant lactotroph pituitary adenoma. Common clinical, radiological and pathological pitfalls in diagnosis of neuroendocrine neoplasms of the sinonasal tract and base of skull are discussed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Prolactinoma/diagnóstico , Adulto , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Prolactinoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/patologia
19.
Head Neck Pathol ; 11(2): 256-261, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27644951

RESUMO

Poorly differentiated sinonasal malignancies are amongst the hardest differential diagnoses in pathology, owing to the large number of rare entities that arise there. Complicating the matter is that most pathologists, including those with experience in head and neck pathology, have little experience in any one of these rare entities. Most patients with sinonasal carcinoma present with locally advanced disease and in the past a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery would usually be recommended without the specific disease subtype playing a large part of the decision making. However, in the era of "precision medicine" and targeted therapies, the specific tumour subtype and an accurate diagnosis will become increasingly important even for the so-called "undifferentiated carcinoma". Specific entities that tend to enter into the differential diagnosis include olfactory neuroblastoma, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC), and non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (viral and non-viral). However, recent new entities, such as NUT-midline carcinoma also have to be considered. Recently it was found that a subset of tumours originally diagnosed as one of the aforementioned entities all demonstrated loss of the ubiquitously expressed protein Integrase Interactor 1 (INI1; SMARCB1). These tumours were often basaloid with at least partial rhabdoid differentiation and most were considered a part of the SNUC spectrum. In this report, we describe two additional cases of INI1-deficient sinonasal carcinoma prospectively identified, both of which appeared to have a marked response to neo-adjuvant chemoradiation, a finding not previously described.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/patologia , Neoplasias Nasais/patologia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Proteína SMARCB1/biossíntese , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Eur J Cancer ; 67: 174-182, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27669504

RESUMO

AIM: The aim is to evaluate the impact of cisplatin dose modification on outcomes of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related (HPV+) and HPV-unrelated (HPV-) locally advanced head and neck cancer (LAHNC) treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A pooled analysis was conducted of stage III/IV oropharyngeal cancer (OPC), carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) and laryngo-hypopharyngeal cancer (LHC) patients treated with single-agent cisplatin CRT in 2000-2012 from two tertiary academic cancer centres. HPV status was determined by p16 staining and/or in situ hybridisation. LHC was assumed to be HPV-. Unknown HPV status OPC/CUPs were excluded. Overall survival (OS) was calculated. Multivariable analysis (MVA) evaluated the impact of cisplatin dose intensity on survival for HPV+ and HPV- cohorts separately. RESULTS: A total of 404 HPV+ and 255 HPV- LAHNC (481 OPC, 18 CUP, 160 LHC) patients were included. Median follow-up was 4.3 (0.5-11.9) years. Three-year OS for cisplatin <200, =200, and >200 mg/m2 subgroups were 52%, 60%, and 72% (P = 0.001) for the HPV- and 91%, 90%, and 91% (P = 0.30) for the HPV+ patients. MVA confirmed a survival benefit with cisplatin >200 mg/m2 for the HPV- (hazard ratio [HR] 0.5, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.3-0.7, P < 0.001) but not for HPV+ (HR 0.6, 95% CI: 0.4-1.1, P = 0.104). There was a superior OS trend in the HPV+ T4 or N3 high-risk subset (N = 107) with cisplatin >200 mg/m2 (HR 0.5, 95% CI: 0.2-1.1, P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: A survival benefit of cisplatin dose >200 mg/m2 is evident for HPV- LAHNC patients, but not for HPV+ cohort overall, although the T4 or N3 subset may benefit from a higher cumulative cisplatin dose.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/terapia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/virologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Radioterapia Conformacional , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA