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Health Hum Rights ; 22(1): 199-207, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669801


We propose that a Right to Health Capacity Fund (R2HCF) be created as a central institution of a reimagined global health architecture developed in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic. Such a fund would help ensure the strong health systems required to prevent disease outbreaks from becoming devastating global pandemics, while ensuring genuinely universal health coverage that would encompass even the most marginalized populations. The R2HCF's mission would be to promote inclusive participation, equality, and accountability for advancing the right to health. The fund would focus its resources on civil society organizations, supporting their advocacy and strengthening mechanisms for accountability and participation. We propose an initial annual target of US$500 million for the fund, adjusted based on needs assessments. Such a financing level would be both achievable and transformative, given the limited right to health funding presently and the demonstrated potential of right to health initiatives to strengthen health systems and meet the health needs of marginalized populations-and enable these populations to be treated with dignity. We call for a civil society-led multi-stakeholder process to further conceptualize, and then launch, an R2HCF, helping create a world where, whether during a health emergency or in ordinary times, no one is left behind.

Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Organização do Financiamento/organização & administração , Saúde Global , Cooperação Internacional , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Fortalecimento Institucional/organização & administração , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/economia , Prioridades em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
Vaccine ; 29 Suppl 4: D91-6, 2011 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22185837


The challenge for regions embarking on measles elimination will be to maintain high population immunity with excellent vaccination coverage and high-quality surveillance. Meeting this challenge will be especially critical for dealing with importations of measles virus that will occur as long as the virus is circulating anywhere in the world. Implementation of measles elimination strategies will uncover the "hidden" disease burden of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome. As was the experience in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), integrating the elimination of measles with the elimination of rubella will greatly enhance the capacity of countries to sustain progress in the reduction of measles mortality. Countries of LAC prioritized the routine national immunization program over short-term successes. While doing so, they have also encountered new opportunities to expand the benefits of disease control and elimination activities to other aspects of public health, most importantly towards improving health care for women and newborns and reducing inequities in health in the region's poorest communities. Implementation of similar strategies could lead to the global eradication of measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome early this century, while strengthening routine immunization programs, and developing the capacity to introduce new and underutilized vaccines.

Erradicação de Doenças/métodos , Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração , Sarampo/epidemiologia , Sarampo/prevenção & controle , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/epidemiologia , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle , América/epidemiologia , Humanos , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-26136


Article published in the journal PLoS, volume 5, issue 2, in February of 2011. This article talks about Elimination of Neglected Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean and the locals most affected with this neglect.

36435 , Doenças Transmissíveis
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 5(2): e964, 2011 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21358810


In Latin America and the Caribbean, around 195 million people live in poverty, a situation that increases the burden of some infectious diseases. Neglected diseases, in particular, are often restricted to poor, marginalized sections of the population. Tools exist to combat these diseases, making it imperative to work towards their elimination. In 2009, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) received a mandate to support the countries in the Region in eliminating neglected diseases and other poverty-related infections. The objective of this study is to analyze the presence of selected diseases using geo-processing techniques. Five diseases with information available at the first sub-national level (states) were mapped, showing the presence of the disease ("hotspots") and overlap of diseases ("major hotspots"). In the 45 countries/territories (approximately 570 states) of the Region, there is: lymphatic filariasis in four countries (29 states), onchocerciasis in six countries (25 states), schistosomiasis in four countries (39 states), trachoma in three countries (29 states), and human rabies transmitted by dogs in ten countries (20 states). Of the 108 states with one or more of the selected diseases, 36 states present the diseases in overlapping areas ("major hotspots"). Additional information about soil-transmitted helminths was included. The analysis suggests a majority of the selected diseases are not widespread and can be considered part of an unfinished agenda with elimination as a goal. Integrated plans and a comprehensive approach, ensuring access to existing diagnostic and treatment methods, and establishing a multi-sectoral agenda that addresses social determinants, including access to adequate water and sanitation, are required. Future studies can include additional diseases, socio-economic and environmental variables.

Filariose Linfática/epidemiologia , Doenças Negligenciadas/epidemiologia , Oncocercose/epidemiologia , Raiva/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Topografia Médica , Tracoma/epidemiologia , Região do Caribe/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Humanos , América Latina/epidemiologia , Doenças Negligenciadas/prevenção & controle
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 2(9): e300, 2008 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18820747


The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) represent some of the most common infections of the poorest people living in the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC). Because they primarily afflict the disenfranchised poor as well as selected indigenous populations and people of African descent, the NTDs in LAC are largely forgotten diseases even though their collective disease burden may exceed better known conditions such as of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, or malaria. Based on their prevalence and healthy life years lost from disability, hookworm infection, other soil-transmitted helminth infections, and Chagas disease are the most important NTDs in LAC, followed by dengue, schistosomiasis, leishmaniasis, trachoma, leprosy, and lymphatic filariasis. On the other hand, for some important NTDs, such as leptospirosis and cysticercosis, complete disease burden estimates are not available. The NTDs in LAC geographically concentrate in 11 different sub-regions, each with a distinctive human and environmental ecology. In the coming years, schistosomiasis could be eliminated in the Caribbean and transmission of lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis could be eliminated in Latin America. However, the highest disease burden NTDs, such as Chagas disease, soil-transmitted helminth infections, and hookworm and schistosomiasis co-infections, may first require scale-up of existing resources or the development of new control tools in order to achieve control or elimination. Ultimately, the roadmap for the control and elimination of the more widespread NTDs will require an inter-sectoral approach that bridges public health, social services, and environmental interventions.

Doença de Chagas/epidemiologia , Medicina Tropical/economia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Doença de Chagas/economia , Criança , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por Uncinaria/economia , Infecções por Uncinaria/epidemiologia , Humanos , Renda , América Latina/epidemiologia , Pobreza , Esquistossomose mansoni/economia , Esquistossomose mansoni/epidemiologia , Magreza/economia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Clima Tropical , Medicina Tropical/estatística & dados numéricos , Índias Ocidentais/epidemiologia , Organização Mundial da Saúde
Saúde Soc ; 16(3): 14-19, sep.-dic. 2007. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDS | ID: lil-476052


É inegável que a discussão sobre saúde, meio ambiente e desenvolvimento sustentável tem progredido muito em décadas recentes. Contudo, ganhos globais não têm sido distribuídos de maneira uniforme, deixando grandes grupos populacionais excluídos, com conseqüências negativas à saúde. Também estamos começando a reconhecer problemas globais emergentes que causam impactos locais significativos, principalmente em populações pobres, tanto em áreas rurais como urbanas. A saúde ambiental está numa encruzilhada, em que novos modelos e parcerias são necessários. Este artigo explora essas questões especificamente em relação aos países latino-americanos e caribenhos.

There has been undeniable progress in addressing health, environment and sustainable development in recent decades. Yet, global gains have not been distributed equally, leaving major populations groups excluded, with negative consequences to health. We are also beginning to recognize emerging global problems with significant local impacts, mostly in impoverished populations, both in rural and urban settings. Environmental health is at the crossroads, where new models and partnerships are required. This paper explores these issues with specific reference to the Latin American and Caribbean countries.

Fatores Socioeconômicos , Riscos Ambientais , Saúde Ambiental , América Latina , Índias Ocidentais