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1.
J Cutan Med Surg ; : 12034754211039993, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is uncommon in patients of pediatric age, and differentiation with adult-onset disease is controversial. Treatment of pediatric hidradenitis suppurativa is scarcely standardized, and specific guidelines are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We report the clinical features, relevant risk-factors, comorbidity profile, and treatment patterns of a hospital-based cohort of pediatric hidradenitis suppurativa. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study data on patients' demographics, disease-specific characteristics, early/pre-pubertal onset of disease, comorbidities, and treatment management were retrieved. Reference population data and clinical data from the national hidradenitis suppurativa disease registry were used for comparison. RESULTS: From a database of 870 patients with hidradenitis, 71 (15 males and 56 females) patients aged <18 years (mean age: 15.3 years; range 8-17 years), with mild (Hurley I, 45.1%) and moderate-severe disease (Hurley II-III, 54.9%), were retrieved. Smoking (23.9%) and overweight/obese frequencies (59.2%) were higher than reference population standards. Patient's older age at baseline (OR 1.43, 95% CI: 1.01 to 2.02) and higher BMI (OR 1.26, 95% CI: 1.07-1.48) were the only factors associated with moderate-severe disease. Family history and early/pre-pubertal onset of disease were not associated with severity or extent of disease. Sebaceous-follicular comorbid conditions were associated with cigarette smoking (P = .002). Among 81 treatment courses, clindamycin-based and zinc-sulphate-based combination regimens were most frequently used (59.3%). Female preponderance, family history of disease and extensive involvement were significantly different from the general hidradenitis suppurativa population. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric hidradenitis suppurativa presents a clinical spectrum comparable to adult-onset disease. Increased preventive measures should target obesity and smoking in this population.

2.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 924, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease which can also involve joints. It is often associated with burdensome comorbidities which negatively impact prognosis and quality of life (QoL). Biologic agents have been shown to be effective in controlling disease progression, but their use is associated with higher costs compared with traditional systemic treatments. The economic analysis of the CANOVA (EffeCtiveness of biologic treAtmeNts for plaque psOriasis in Italy: an obserVAtional longitudinal study of real-life clinical practice) study aims to assess the costs and cost-effectiveness of biologics in a real-world context in Italy. METHODS: The annualised overall direct costs of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis management, the annualised cost of biologic drugs and the cost per responder in the Italian National Health System perspective were assessed. More specifically, the cost per response and cost per sustained response of the most prescribed biologic therapies for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis within the CANOVA study were assessed using the Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) at several score levels (75, 90 and 100%). RESULTS: The most frequently used biologic therapies for plaque psoriasis were secukinumab, ustekinumab, adalimumab originator, and ixekizumab. Cost of biologics was the driver of expenditure, accounting for about 98% of total costs. Adalimumab originator was the biologic with the lowest cost per responder ratio (range: €7848 - €31,378), followed by secukinumab (range: €9015 - €33,419). Ustekinumab (range: €11,689 - €39,280) and ixekizumab (range: €11,092 - €34,289) ranked respectively third and fourth, in terms of cost-effectiveness ratio. As concerns the cost per sustained response analysis, secukinumab showed the lowest value observed (€21,375) over the other options, because of its high response rate (86% vs. 60-80%), which was achieved early in time. CONCLUSION: Biologic therapy is a valuable asset for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. Concomitant assessment of treatment costs against the expected therapeutic response over time can provide physicians and payers additional insights which can complement the traditional risk-benefit profile assessment and drive treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Qualidade de Vida , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Terapia Biológica , Humanos , Itália , Estudos Longitudinais , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Eur J Cancer ; 157: 250-258, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) has an overall favourable outcome, except for patients with an advanced stage disease. The programmed death protein-1 (PD-1) inhibitor cemiplimab has been approved for use in advanced cSCC. We report clinical outcomes from the named patient programme-compassionate use of cemiplimab for patients with advanced cSCC in Italy. METHODS: This is a retrospective, observational, multicentre study. We analysed medical records of patients with advanced cSCC treated with cemiplimab between May 2019 and February 2020 in 17 referral Italian centres. We assessed the safety profile according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 5.0 (CTCAE v 5.0), the clinical activity in terms of response rate, clinical benefit and duration of response and baseline clinical-pathologic characteristics associated with response. RESULTS: 131 patients were included, with a median age of 79 years. Of them, 9.2% had a concurrent chronic lymphoproliferative disease and 8.5% a concomitant autoimmune disease. Some 42.7% of the total patients had at least one treatment-related adverse events (AEs); out of above, 9.2% had grade 3-4 adverse events, and there were two fatal adverse events. The overall response rate (ORR) was 58%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 71.7%. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) arising on the head and neck area (p = 0.007) and haemoglobin values in normal range (p = 0.034) were significantly associated with a better response, while cSCCs on the genitalia (p = 0.041), treatment with any systemic antibiotic within 1 month of cemiplimab initiation (p = 0.012), performance status ≥1 (p = 0.012), chronic corticosteroids therapy (p = 0.038), previous radiation therapy to lymph nodes (p = 0.052) and previous chemotherapy (p = 0.0020) were significantly associated with a worse response. CONCLUSIONS: Our real-world study showed safety and effectiveness results comparable to those obtained in clinical trials. We identified some clinical and biochemical factors potentially associated with response to cemiplimab.

4.
Clin Drug Investig ; 41(10): 917-925, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of biological therapies used for the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis can be influenced by numerous variables including  body mass index (BMI). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of BMI on the short-term and long-term efficacy of biological therapies in clinical practice and to identify the best therapeutic options in obese patients (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2). METHODS: A multicentric retrospective study was conducted in patients who initiated a biological therapy during the period January 2006-December 2019. The proportion of patients achieving a 90% improvement of baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index at weeks 12 and 24 was calculated also recording the 12- and 24-month drug survival as a measure of long-term efficacy, performing multivariate analyses to assess the impact of different variables. RESULTS: Five hundred and four patients with psoriasis were included. After 12 and 24 weeks, the proportion of patients achieving a 90% improvement of baseline Psoriasis Area and Severity Index response was higher in patients with a BMI < 30 kg/m2 compared with those with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 [54.90% vs 43.45% (p = 0.014) at week 12 and 66.84% vs 56.55% (p = 0.021) at week 24]. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed how obese patients had a higher probability of discontinuation due to a lack or loss of efficacy (p = 0.0192) compared with non-obese patients. The drug survival analysis also showed that BMI negatively affected the drug survival of secukinumab (odds ratio 1.27, p < 0.001) and ustekinumab (odds ratio 1.06, p = 0.050), while the long-term efficacy of adalimumab, etanercept, and ixekizumab was not influenced by BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) negatively affects the clinical response of biological drugs in psoriatic patients, with anti-interleukin drugs being more affected by BMI than anti-tumor necrosis factor drugs.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Terapia Biológica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Etanercepte , Humanos , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Ustekinumab/uso terapêutico
6.
Int J Dermatol ; 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351635

RESUMO

The continuous improvement of life expectancy of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has resulted in increased risk of second primary malignancy that potentially may affect survival and quality of life of CLL patients. We performed a systematic review to assess the risk and the clinical-pathological features and prognosis of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) in patients with CLL. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials databases for articles published from database inception to December 31, 2019. English-language studies reporting original data on patients with a specific diagnosis of CLL and cSCC were included. Data were extracted using a standardized extraction form, and any discordance was resolved by consensus. Descriptive data were generated by pooling patients from eligible studies. Of the 4588 non-duplicate records identified, 55 articles met our inclusion criteria. These studies reported that CLL patients have a 3.2% prevalence of cSCC, with an 11.5% cSCC-related lethality and an overall risk of metastasis of 5.7% (7.3% for regional lymph node involvement and 3.8% for distant metastasis). The quality of evidence was limited by the high heterogeneity in the design, populations, and objectives of the included studies. This systematic review suggests that cSCC in CLL patients tends to behave less aggressively compared with the solid organ transplant recipients but has a higher morbidity and mortality than in the general population. Future prospective studies are needed to increase the quality of evidence and to determine the best treatment modalities and screening intervals for these patients.

8.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(5): e15077, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333823

RESUMO

Topical treatment is the mainstay for mild or moderate psoriasis, but patients are generally little satisfied. Calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate (Cal/BD) cutaneous foam has shown to improve signs and symptoms in plaque psoriasis patients. This study assessed patient's satisfaction with Cal/BD foam in a real-life Italian dermatological clinical practice. A multicenter, 4-week observational prospective cohort study enrolled, in 17 Italian dermatology clinics, adult patients with plaque psoriasis on the body and/or scalp. Treatment satisfaction was assessed by 9-item Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-9), preference over previous treatments by Patient Preference Questionnaire (PPQ), and change in disease state by Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI). Overall 256 patients were eligible, with a mean (SD) age of 55.6 (15.4) years, 59.4% were males. Psoriasis severity was mild in 52.0% of patients, moderate in 43.3%, and severe in 4.7%. Scalp involvement was present in 36.7% of patients. Previous antipsoriatic treatments had been received by 80.5% of patients. TSQM-9 median (25th-75th percentile) scores were 83.3 (66.7-88.9) for effectiveness, 77.8 (66.7-88.9) for convenience, and 78.6 (64.3-92.9) for global satisfaction. Mean (SD) PASI value decreased from 7.3 (4.8) to 2.1 (2.7) after 4 weeks. More than 90% of patients previously treated for psoriasis evaluated the Cal/BD foam more effective, easier to use and better tolerated compared to previous topical treatments at PPQ. This observational study provides real-life evidence of a high level of satisfaction with effectiveness and convenience of the Cal/BD foam in a cohort of plaque psoriasis patients, with an objective improvement in PASI.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diclofenac 3% gel is a widely used topical treatment with proven efficacy in reducing the burden of Actinic Keratosis (AK), however clinical benefit might not fully translate in clinical practice as non-adherence is substantial for prolonged treatment regimens. We evaluated the efficacy of an integrated low-intensity intervention program versus standard-of-care on treatment adherence among patients with multiple AK receiving diclofenac in hyaluronic acid gel 3%. METHODS: We designed an open label, randomized, parallel group, interventional, multicenter, longitudinal cohort study including patients with multiple, grade I/II AKs. Visits were scheduled for end of treatment (T4), follow-up 1 (T5) and follow-up 2 (T6) at 90, 180 and 365 days from baseline, respectively. Patients in the intervention group received additional visits at 30 and 60 days from baseline, a brief health education intervention, an enhanced patient-physician communication, a weekly SMS reminder to medication prescriptions. RESULTS: Patients were equally allocated between intervention (intervention group [IG], N=86) and control group (CG, N=86); at baseline, both groups had similar socio-demographic and clinical characteristics. Change scores from baseline showed a slight increment in quality of life related to AK in both groups (CG: ΔT4 - T1=-0.079; IG: ΔT4 - T1=-0.006; p=0.39) and in quality of physicianpatient interaction reported by IG (ΔT3 - T2=0.18; p<.0001). Adherence rate was not statistically different between IG and CG (28.4% vs 40.7%; p=0.11). Patients reported similar satisfaction for effectiveness, convenience and side effects of treatment. Clinical conditions improved over time and results did not differ between groups; complete clearance rate at 1 year was 18% and 29% for CG and IG, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed no difference in adherence rate between the two groups, suggesting that enhanced follow-up interventions and health care education may not be sufficient drivers to promote adherence among this clinical population. Further studies are needed to explore barriers to adherence with treatments for AKs.

10.
Expert Opin Biol Ther ; 21(9): 1291-1298, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278889

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Efficacy of anti-TNF-a agents seems inferior to IL-17 and IL-23 inhibitors. Nevertheless, after biosimilars approval, anti TNF-a agents are recommended as first-line for psoriatic patients, for economic reasons. METHODS: Predictive factors of response or non-response to adalimumab in bionaive patients who started adalimumab (originator or biosimilar) over 12 years in 9 dermatologic centers in Italy. Effectiveness was assessed with Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI75 and PASI90) at weeks 12, 24 and 48. Multiple logistic regressions were used for variables predicting clinical response; Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression for drug survival. RESULTS: The drug survival analysis showed reduced hazard ratio of overall discontinuation with male gender and scalp localization. In contrast, baseline PASI and genital psoriasis were significantly associated with increased risk of overall discontinuation. Predictive factors of non-response seemed elevated in patients with baseline PASI, older age groups, previously treated patients with phototherapy, females or patients with palmo-plantar while scalp psoriasis, previous cyclosporine and acitretin appeared as a positive predictive factor. CONCLUSIONS: This real-life analysis might be useful for clinicians in case of bio-naive patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis and various comorbidities.

11.
Transplant Rev (Orlando) ; 35(3): 100636, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237586

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cancer is the second most common cause of mortality and morbidity in Kidney Transplant Recipients (KTRs). Immunosuppression can influence the efficacy of cancer treatment and modification of the immunosuppressive regimen may restore anti-neoplastic immune responses improving oncologic prognosis. However, patients and transplant physicians are usually reluctant to modify immunosuppression, fearing rejection and potential graft loss. Due to the lack of extensive and recognised data supporting how to manage the immunosuppressive therapy in KTRs, in the context of immunotherapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and loco-regional treatments, a Consensus Conference was organised under the auspices of the European Society of Organ Transplantation and the Italian Society of Organ Transplantation. The conference involved a multidisciplinary group of transplant experts in the field across Europe. METHODS: The overall process included a) the formulation of 12 specific questions based on the PICO methodology, b) systematic literature review and summary for experts for each question, c) a two-day conference celebration and the collection of experts' agreements. The conference was articulated in three sessions: "Immunosuppressive therapy and immunotherapy", "Systemic therapy", "Integrated Therapy", while the final experts' agreement was collected with a televoting procedure and defined according to the majority criterion. RESULTS: Twenty-six European experts attended the conference and expressed their vote. A total of 14 statements were finally elaborated and voted. Strong agreement was found for ten statements, moderate agreement for two, moderate disagreement for one and uncertainty for the last one. CONCLUSIONS: The consensus statements provide guidance to transplant physicians caring for kidney transplant recipients with cancer and indicate key aspects that need to be addressed by future clinical research.

12.
Fam Cancer ; 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215961

RESUMO

While several high-penetrance melanoma risk genes are known, variation in these genes fail to explain melanoma susceptibility in a large proportion of high-risk families. As part of a melanoma family sequencing study, including 435 families from Mediterranean populations we identified a novel NRAS variant (c.170A > C, p.D57A) in an Italian melanoma-prone family. This variant is absent in exomes in gnomAD, ESP, UKBiobank, and the 1000 Genomes Project, as well as in 11,273 Mediterranean individuals and 109 melanoma-prone families from the US and Australia. This variant occurs in the GTP-binding pocket of NRAS. Differently from other RAS activating alterations, NRAS D57A expression is unable to activate MAPK-pathway both constitutively and after stimulation but enhances EGF-induced PI3K-pathway signaling in serum starved conditions in vitro. Consistent with in vitro data demonstrating that NRAS D57A does not enrich GTP binding, molecular modeling suggests that the D57A substitution would be expected to impair Mg2 + binding and decrease nucleotide-binding and GTPase activity of NRAS. While we cannot firmly establish NRAS c.170A > C (p.D57A) as a melanoma susceptibility variant, further investigation of NRAS as a familial melanoma gene is warranted.

13.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2313-2319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) are the most common neoplasms worldwide and their incidence has been proven to increase in recent years and their treatment should aim at cancer cure as well as cosmetic and functional results. The aim of the study was to report the results of our mono-institutional series of high-dose-rate radiotherapy (cHDR-RT) in NMSC, based on a homogenous technique and two different treatment schedules. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients affected by NMSC who were consecutively evaluated and treated at our Interventional Oncology Center from October 2018 to August 2020, were included. Patients underwent cHDR-RT using flap applicators and remotely afterloaded Ir-192 sources. RESULTS: Overall, 51 patients were treated for a total of 67 lesions. Local control (LC) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were 94.0% and 100%, respectively. Grade 1, grade 2, grade 3 and grade 4 acute toxicity rates were 24.6%, 3.5%, 3.5%, and 0.0%, respectively. The cosmetic results were graded as excellent/good, fair, and poor in 73.7%, 19.3%, and 7.0%. CONCLUSION: cHDR-RT of NMSC is an effective alternative to surgery due to excellent outcomes both in terms of local control and aesthetic results especially in the face.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Estética , Humanos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Neoplasias Cutâneas/radioterapia
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13206, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34168209

RESUMO

A number of genes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of BCC in addition to the Hedgehog pathway, which is known to drive the initiation of this tumour. We performed in-depth analysis of 13 BCC-related genes (CSMD1, CSMD2, DPH3 promoter, PTCH1, SMO, GLI1, NOTCH1, NOTCH2, TP53, ITIH2, DPP10, STEAP4, TERT promoter) in 57 BCC lesions (26 superficial and 31 nodular) from 55 patients and their corresponding blood samples. PTCH1 and TP53 mutations were found in 71.9% and 45.6% of BCCs, respectively. A high mutation rate was also detected in CSMD1 (63.2%), NOTCH1 (43.8%) and DPP10 (35.1%), and frequent non-coding mutations were identified in TERT (57.9%) and DPH3 promoter (49.1%). CSMD1 mutations significantly co-occurred with TP53 changes (p = 0.002). A significant association was observed between the superficial type of BCC and PTCH1 (p = 0.018) and NOTCH1 (p = 0.020) mutations. In addition, PTCH1 mutations were significantly associated with intermittent sun exposure (p = 0.046) and the occurrence of single lesions (p = 0.021), while NOTCH1 mutations were more frequent in BCCs located on the trunk compared to the head/neck and extremities (p = 0.001). In conclusion, we provide further insights into the molecular alterations underlying the tumorigenic mechanism of superficial and nodular BCCs with a view towards novel rationale-based therapeutic strategies.

15.
Allergy ; 76(6): 1813-1824, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few and small studies have described the management of immunomodulant/immunosuppressive therapies or phototherapy in atopic dermatitis (AD) patients during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: A national registry, named DA-COVID-19 and involving 35 Italian dermatology units, was established in order to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the management of adult AD patients treated with systemic immunomodulant/immunosuppressive medications or phototherapy. Demographic and clinical data were obtained at different timepoints by teledermatology during COVID-19 pandemic, when regular visits were not allowed due to sanitary restrictions. Disease severity was assessed by both physician- and patient-reported assessment scores evaluating itch intensity, sleep disturbances, and AD severity. RESULTS: A total of 1831 patients were included, with 1580/1831 (86.3%) continuing therapy during pandemic. Most patients were treated with dupilumab (86.1%, 1576/1831) that was interrupted in only 9.9% (156/1576) of cases, while systemic immunosuppressive compounds were more frequently withdrawn. Treatment interruption was due to decision of the patient, general practitioner, or dermatologist in 39.9% (114/286), 5.6% (16/286), and 30.1% (86/286) of cases, respectively. Fear of increased susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection (24.8%, 71/286) was one of the main causes of interruption. Sixteen patients (0.9%) resulted positive to SARS-CoV-2 infection; 3 of them (0.2%) were hospitalized but no cases of COVID-related death occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Most AD patients continued systemic treatments during COVID pandemic and lockdown period, without high impact on disease control, particularly dupilumab-treated patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Dermatite Atópica , Adulto , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite Atópica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Sistema de Registros , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is characterized by periodic worsening of both clinical manifestations and symptoms. The aim was to investigate the role of flare outbreak as a possible predictive factor of response to Adalimumab. METHODS: 115 HS patients in treatment with adalimumab, with moderate-severe HS, ≥3 abscesses and inflammatory-nodules (ANs) from 5 Italian centers were included in this retrospective analysis. The information about gender, ages at onset/baseline, therapeutic delay, family history, body mass index, smoking, comorbidities, phenotypes, body areas, severity indexes at baseline was collected. Baseline characteristics, total number and timeline of flares were analysed by regression and survival analysis with Hidradenitis Suppurativa Clinical Response (HiSCR). RESULTS: During the observational period, 80.9% of patients developed flares, detecting 252 flares. Univariate model identified five factors associated with the absence of response: age (p-value=0.020), comorbidities (p-value=0.030), genital-perineal involvement (pvalue= 0.004), no response at week-12 (p-value=0.027), and flares outbreak (p-value=0.010). Joint analysis of recurrent and terminal events showed a positive correlation between flare recurrence and no-response (p-value<0.001). Among the identified variables associated with poor response to the therapy: occurrence of a flare before week-12 was the one with the highest risk of no response (p-value<0.001). The limitations are: study's retrospective design, limited number of patients, absence either of a consensus about flare definition, placebo control group or standard therapy of flares during adalimumab therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis of a "dynamic" variable, as flares evaluation together with an appropriate clinical baseline assessment can be a useful approach to predict the middle-long-term response to adalimumab.

19.
Lancet Oncol ; 22(6): 848-857, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Before February, 2021, there was no standard treatment regimen for locally advanced basal cell carcinoma after first-line hedgehog inhibitor (HHI) therapy. Cemiplimab, a PD-1 antibody, is approved for treatment of advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and has shown clinical activity as monotherapy in first-line non-small-cell lung cancer. Here, we present the primary analysis data of cemiplimab in patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma after HHI therapy. METHODS: We did an open-label, multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 trial across 38 outpatient clinics, primarily at academic medical centres, in Canada, Europe, and the USA. Eligible patients (aged ≥18 years and with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1) with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic basal cell carcinoma (group 1) or locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (group 2) who had progressed on or were intolerant to previous HHI therapy were enrolled. Patients were not candidates for further HHI therapy due to progression of disease on or intolerance to previous HHI therapy or having no better than stable disease after 9 months on HHI therapy. Patients received cemiplimab 350 mg intravenously every 3 weeks for up to 93 weeks or until progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was objective response by independent central review. Analyses were done as per the intention-to-treat principle. The safety analysis comprised all patients who received at least one dose of cemiplimab. The primary analysis is reported only for group 2; group 1 data have not reached maturity and will be reported when the timepoint, according to the statistical analysis plan, has been reached. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03132636, and is no longer recruiting new participants. FINDINGS: Between Nov 16, 2017, and Jan 7, 2019, 84 patients were enrolled and treated with cemiplimab. At data cutoff on Feb 17, 2020, median duration of follow-up was 15 months (IQR 8-18). An objective response per independent central review was observed in 26 (31%; 95% CI 21-42) of 84 patients, including two partial responses that emerged at tumour assessments before the data cutoff and were confirmed by tumour assessments done subsequent to the data cutoff. The best overall response was five (6%) patients with a complete response and 21 (25%) with a partial response. Grade 3-4 treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 40 (48%) of 84 patients; the most common were hypertension (four [5%] of 84 patients) and colitis (four [5%]). Serious treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 29 (35%) of 84 patients. There were no treatment-related deaths. INTERPRETATION: Cemiplimab exhibited clinically meaningful antitumour activity and an acceptable safety profile in patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma after HHI therapy. FUNDING: Regeneron Pharmaceuticals and Sanofi.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Basocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anilidas/administração & dosagem , Anilidas/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Basocelular/genética , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Proteínas Hedgehog/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is characterized by periodic worsening of symptoms. However, clinical parameters associated with flare are still to be established. The aim was too investigate factors associated with flare outbreak in HS patients in treatment with adalimumab. METHODS: Moderate-severe HS patients were included in this retrospective analysis. In total, 115 HS patients treated with adalimumab from 5 Italian centers were reviewed. Gender, ages at onset/baseline, therapeutic delay, family history, body mass index, smoking, comorbidities, phenotypes, body areas involved, Hurley stage, International Hidradenitis Suppurativa Severity Score System (IHS4), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Visual Analogue Scale for pain (pain-VAS) were collected at baseline. Flares were modelled with baseline features using univariate and multivariate Coxregression. The factors significantly correlated with flares in the univariate model were analyzed using a recurrent event survival analysis (Andersen-Gill model) to assess the relation between them and flares recurrence. RESULTS: During the observation period 80.9% of patients developed flares, detecting 252 flares, overall. A univariate model identified five risk factors associated with the outbreak of flares: age, therapeutic delay, groin involvement, Hurley III, higher IHS4, whereas, from multivariate model, only IHS4 resulted to be significantly correlated. Additionally, flares were positively associated with higher DLQI and pain-VAS. Finally, the Andersen-Gill model showed four factors correlated with flares recurrence: age, therapeutic delay, Hurley III and higher IHS4. The limitations are: study's retrospective design, absence of a consensus about flare definition. CONCLUSIONS: An early treatment of HS may prevent both the disease progression and reduce the recurrence of flares.

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