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1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2043: 13-24, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463899

RESUMO

The continuous improvement of gene editing tools has allowed a major revolution in biological sciences. Although a variety of gain and loss-of-function approaches have been widely used for the last decades, some limitations arose from non-specific targeting or lack of complete inhibition of the gene of interest. CRISPR/Cas9 editing technology introduced new and significant advantages because it can directly modify the gene of interest and completely blocks its expression.In the context of cancer studies, the heterogeneity of the tumor microenvironment requires comprehensive approaches to unveil the contribution of multiple genes. For example, a deeper understanding of the biology of proteases such as ADAMTS (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs) will improve our perspective of complex phenomena affected by extracellular matrix remodeling, including embryonic development, angiogenesis, immune infiltration, metastasis, and tumor plasticity. Here, we present a method using CRISPR/Cas9 technology to inhibit the expression of the representative ADAMTS1 in cancer cells. Following the first steps of gene edition, we pursue further selection of silenced cells and provide a detailed description of sequence analysis and validation assays. This method leads to inactivation of ADAMTS1 in cancer cells, providing a relevant biological tool that will allow subsequent in vivo and in vitro ADAMTS1 functional analysis.

2.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13103, 2018 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30166561

RESUMO

Recent advances have emphasized the relevance of studying the extracellular microenvironment given its main contribution to tissue homeostasis and disease. Within this complex scenario, we have studied the extracellular protease ADAMTS1 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motif 1), implicated in vascularization and development, with reported anti- and pro-tumorigenic activities. In this work we performed a detailed study of the vasculature and substrates in adult organs of wild type and Adamts1-deficient mice. In addition to the expected alterations of organs like kidney, heart and aorta, we found that the lack of ADAMTS1 differently affects lymphocyte and myeloid populations in the spleen and bone marrow. The study of the substrate versican also revealed its alteration in the absence of the protease. With such premises, we challenged our mice with subcutaneous B16F1 syngeneic tumours and closely evaluated the immune repertoire in the tumours but also in the distant spleen and bone marrow. Our results confirmed a pro-inflammatory landscape in the absence of ADAMTS1, correlating with tumour blockade, supporting its novel role as a modulator of the immune cell response.

3.
Oncotarget ; 7(23): 34507-19, 2016 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27120788

RESUMO

The matrix metalloprotease ADAMTS1 (A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease with ThromboSpondin repeats 1) has been involved in tumorigenesis although its contributions appeared ambiguous. To understand the multifaceted actions of this protease, it is still required a deeper knowledge of its implication in heterogeneous tumor-stroma interactions. Using a syngeneic B16F1 melanoma model in wild type and ADAMTS1 knockout mice we found distinct stroma versus tumor functions for this protease. Genetic deletion of ADAMTS1 in the host microenvironment resulted in a drastic decrease of tumor growth and metastasis. However, the downregulation of tumor ADAMTS1 did not uncover relevant effects. Reduced tumors in ADAMTS1 KO mice displayed a paradoxical increase in vascular density and vascular-related genes; a detailed characterization revealed an impaired vasculature, along with a minor infiltration of macrophages. In addition, ex-vivo assays supported a chief role for ADAMTS1 in vascular sprouting, and melanoma xenografts showed a relevant induction of its expression in stroma compartments. These findings provide the first genetic evidence that supports the pro-tumorigenic role of stromal ADAMTS1.


Assuntos
Proteína ADAMTS1/genética , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Melanoma/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neoplasias Uveais/patologia , Proteína ADAMTS1/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Deleção de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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