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1.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 233-242, mayo-sept. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-202547

RESUMO

The study of happiness and well-being is receiving increased attention in different fields. Recent research into well-being has focused on delving deeper into the individual's conception about the experience of well-being. McMahan and Estes (2011a) created a scale that assesses lay conceptions of well-being based on four dimensions: the experience of pleasure, avoidance of negative experience, self-development and contribution to others. The goal of this study was to adapt this scale, the Beliefs about Well-Being Scale (BWBS), to the Spanish population. The sample consisted of 1,024 participants from the general population ranging in age interval from 17 to 87 years old. The confirmatory factorial analysis results in a structure of four dimensions, similar to the original scale, although in the adaptation of the scale the items decrease from 16 to 12. The results of the reliability analysis reveal indexes similar to those of the original scale. These results confirm the validity of Beliefs about Well-Being Scale with general population in a cultural context different from the original study. This will allow cross-cultural studies to analyze the influence of culture in the perception of well-being


El estudio de la felicidad y el bienestar está recibiendo cada vez más atención en diferentes campos. Las investigaciones recientes sobre el bienestar se han centrado en profundizar en la concepción del individuo sobre la experiencia del bienestar. McMahan y Estes (2011a) crearon una escala que evalúa las concepciones legas del bienestar en base a cuatro dimensiones: la experiencia de placer, la evitación de la experiencia negativa, el autodesarrollo y la contribución a los demás. El objetivo de este estudio fue adaptar esta escala, Beliefs about Well-Being Scale (BWBS), a la población española. La muestra estuvo formada por 1.024 participantes de la población general con un intervalo de edad entre 17 y 87 años. El análisis factorial confirmatorio da como resultado una estructura de cuatro dimensiones, similar a la escala original, aunque en la adaptación de la escala los ítems disminuyen de 16 a 12. Los resultados del análisis de fiabilidad revelan índices similares a los de la escala original. Estos resultados confirman la validez de la Escala de Creencias sobre el Bienestar con población general en un contexto cultural diferente al del estudio original. Esto permitirá realizar estudios transculturales para analizar la influencia de la cultura en la percepción del bienestar


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Satisfação Pessoal , Cultura , Adaptação Psicológica , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Felicidade , Comparação Transcultural , Filosofia , Testes Psicológicos/normas , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Análise Fatorial , Prazer , Espanha
2.
Violence Against Women ; 27(6-7): 731-747, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241228

RESUMO

This study analyzes whether the degree of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation influence the blame placed on a woman who is the victim of an acquaintance rape. The participants read a rape scenario and responded to three questionnaires about the blame of the victim, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance. The results show that greater blame was attributed to the victim when the participants scored high in right-wing authoritarianism or social dominance. They also reveal an interaction between both variables: participants who scored high in both right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance attributed the greatest blame to the victim.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650598

RESUMO

Violence against women in heterosexual intimate relationships is a major social problem with serious physical and psychological consequences for the victims. There is a line of research that seeks to analyze how ideological variables and contextual variables influence the way in which this type of violence is perceived. This study analyzed the relationship between hostile sexism, benevolent sexism and social dominance in the acceptance of the myths about violence against women in intimate relationships. A total of 215 Spanish university students (125 women and 90 men) participated in the research. The results indicate that hostile sexism and social dominance orientation act as factors that influence the acceptance of such myths in men. Benevolent sexism did not act in this way. The data reconfirm the importance of hostile sexism and social dominance orientation in the perception of violence against women, in this case, that which is committed by their partners (or ex-partners) in the area of intimate relationships.


Assuntos
Sexismo , Predomínio Social , Adulto , Feminino , Hostilidade , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Parceiros Sexuais , Espanha
4.
J Interpers Violence ; 34(7): 1461-1486, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27279254

RESUMO

Previous research has pointed to the need to address the study of violence in teen couples. However, research has not delved into the study of the variables related to the different types of violence employed by boys and girls. The purpose of this study was to test whether gender, jealousy, and dependency predict specific strategies for conflict resolution (psychological aggression and mild physical aggression). Another objective of the study was to test gender differences in the conflict resolution strategies used by Spanish teen couples and to test the association between these variables and jealousy and emotional dependency. A sample of 296 adolescent high school students between 14 and 19 years of age of both genders from the south of Spain participated in this study. Hierarchical regression models were used to estimate the relationship between psychological aggression and mild physical aggression, and jealousy, and dependency. Results showed that jealousy correlated with psychological aggression and mild physical aggression in girls but not in boys. Psychological aggression and mild physical aggression were associated with dependency in boys. Girls scored higher in psychological aggression and jealousy than did boys. Finally, the interaction between jealousy and dependency predicted psychological aggression only in girls. These results highlight the need to address the role of the interaction between dependence and jealousy in the types of violence employed in teen dating. However, it is necessary to delve into the gender differences and similarities to develop appropriate prevention programs.


Assuntos
Agressão/psicologia , Corte/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Ciúme , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha , Estudantes/psicologia
5.
Span. j. psychol ; 13(2): 617-628, nov. 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-82239

RESUMO

The aim of this essay has been the evaluation of three orientations towards happiness: pleasure, meaning and engagement, as well as their relation to life satisfaction and the perception of happiness in a sample of 320 university students. The results show that the most used kind of orientation towards happiness is pleasure, followed by meaning, and finally engagement. It has also been found that pleasure is the orientation most closely associated to happiness while engagement seems to be more related to life satisfaction. These findings aim to the distinction between the concepts of happiness and life satisfaction and lead the attention to the actions which can improve the levels of happiness (AU)


El objetivo del presente trabajo ha sido la evaluación de tres orientaciones hacia la felicidad: placer, implicación y significado, y su relación con la satisfacción vital y la percepción de felicidad en una muestra de 320 estudiantes universitarios. Los resultados muestran que el tipo de orientación hacia la felicidad más utilizado es el placer, seguido del significado y en tercer lugar la implicación. También se ha encontrado que el placer es la orientación que más se asocia a la felicidad y la implicación se relaciona más con la satisfacción vital. Estos hallazgos apuntan hacia la distinción entre los conceptos de felicidad y satisfacción vital y dirigen la atención hacia las actuaciones que pueden mejorar los niveles de felicidad (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Felicidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Fatorial , Análise de Dados , Inquéritos e Questionários , Modelos Logísticos
6.
Span J Psychol ; 13(2): 617-28, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20977012

RESUMO

The aim of this essay has been the evaluation of three orientations towards happiness: pleasure, meaning and engagement, as well as their relation to life satisfaction and the perception of happiness in a sample of 320 university students. The results show that the most used kind of orientation towards happiness is pleasure, followed by meaning, and finally engagement. It has also been found that pleasure is the orientation most closely associated to happiness while engagement seems to be more related to life satisfaction. These findings aim to the distinction between the concepts of happiness and life satisfaction and lead the attention to the actions which can improve the levels of happiness.


Assuntos
Felicidade , Satisfação Pessoal , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Motivação , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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