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J Am Chem Soc ; 133(28): 10764-7, 2011 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21688784


The self-assembly of the first pentanuclear helicate was predicted on the structural basis obtained for linear and tetranuclear parent supramolecular compounds. Accordingly, the designed ternary supramolecular system requires appropriate polytopic organic receptors, which were successfully synthesized. Indeed, the formation of pentanuclear complexes was experimentally evidenced with NMR and ESMS spectra that perfectly reflect the expected pattern. The structural features in the europium pentanuclear complex are highlighted with semiempirical molecular modeling. The present work validates the combinatorial approach leading to the thermodynamically driven formation of tower-like pentanuclear edifices.

J Am Chem Soc ; 126(32): 10067-75, 2004 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15303883


The lessons learned from p-octiphenyl beta-barrel pores are applied to the rational design of synthetic multifunctional pore 1 that is unstable but inert, two characteristics proposed to be ideal for practical applications. Nonlinear dependence on monomer concentration provided direct evidence that pore 1 is tetrameric (n = 4.0), unstable, and "invisible," i.e., incompatible with structural studies by conventional methods. The long lifetime of high-conductance single pores in planar bilayers demonstrated that rigid-rod beta-barrel 1 is inert and large (d approximately 12 A). Multifunctionality of rigid-rod beta-barrel 1 was confirmed by adaptable blockage of pore host 1 with representative guests in planar (8-hydroxy-1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate, KD = 190 microM, n = 4.9) and spherical bilayers (poly-L-glutamate, KD < or = 105 nM, n = 1.0; adenosine triphosphate, KD = 240 microM, n = 2.0) and saturation kinetics for the esterolysis of a representative substrate (8-acetoxy-1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate, KM = 0.6 microM). The thermodynamic instability of rigid-rod beta-barrel 1 provided unprecedented access to experimental evidence for supramolecular catalysis (n = 3.7). Comparison of the obtained kcat = 0.03 min(-1) with the kcat approximately 0.18 min(-1) for stable analogues gave a global KD approximately 39 microM3 for supramolecular catalyst 1 with a monomer/barrel ratio approximately 20 under experimental conditions. The demonstrated "invisibility" of supramolecular multifunctionality identified molecular modeling as an attractive method to secure otherwise elusive insights into structure. The first molecular mechanics modeling (MacroModel, MMFF94) of multifunctional rigid-rod beta-barrel pore hosts 1 with internal 1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonate guests is reported.

Canais Iônicos/química , Oligopeptídeos/química , Arginina/química , Toxinas Bacterianas/química , Histidina/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Canais Iônicos/síntese química , Cinética , Leucina/química , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química , Modelos Moleculares , Oligopeptídeos/síntese química , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Termodinâmica
Org Biomol Chem ; 1(7): 1226-31, 2003 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12926399


We report the characterization of multifunctional rigid-rod beta-barrel ion channels with either internal aspartates or arginine-histidine dyads by planar bilayer conductance experiments. Barrels with internal aspartates form cation selective, large, unstable and ohmic barrel-stave (rather than toroidal) pores; addition of magnesium cations nearly deletes cation selectivity and increases single-channel stability. Barrels with internal arginine-histidine dyads form cation selective (PK/Pc1 = 2.1), small and ohmic ion channels with superb stability (single-channel lifetime > 20 seconds). Addition of "protons" results in inversion of anion/cation selectivity (Pc1-/Pk+ = 3.8); addition of an anionic guest (HPTS) results in the blockage of anion selective but not cation selective channels. These results suggest that specific, internal counterion immobilization, here magnesium (but not sodium or potassium) cations by internal aspartates and inorganic phosphates by internal arginines (but not histidines), provides access to synthetic multifunctional pores with attractive properties.